Sociological Practice

Linking Theory and Social Research

Author: Derek Layder

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761954295

Category: Social Science

Page: 191

View: 8198

In this textbook, Derek Layder offers a better understanding of the links between theory and research, and provides an analysis of the relationship between the two. He develops clear usable strategies to encourage theory development in the practical context of social research, and introduces a new approach - adaptive theory - which can be used to generate new theory as well as develop existing theory in conjunction with empirical research. Layder concludes by providing an outline of new rules of sociological method that show how adaptive theory can be put into practice.

Understanding Social Theory

Author: Derek Layder

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761944508

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 6392

Provides an introduction to the core issues in social theory. This book will be useful reading for students in sociology, social psychology, social theory, political theory and organization studies.

Ohnmächtiger Staat?

Über die sozialen Mechanismen staatlichen Handelns

Author: Jürgen Mackert

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531903780

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 5883

Das Ende des Staates zu verkünden hat im politischen und sozialwissenschaftlichen Diskurs Tradition, und so gilt staatliches Handeln seit der enttäuschten Planungseuphorie der 1970er Jahre als Synonym für Unzulänglichkeit und Ineffektivität. Mit dem Siegeszug der neoliberalen Ideologie hat sich der Ton weiter verschärft. In der aktuellen Globalisierungsdebatte gilt der Staat zumeist als Verlierer in der Auseinandersetzung mit dem Markt um die Vorherrschaft auf den "Kommandohöhen der Weltwirtschaft" und als Opfer sich naturwüchsig vollziehender Prozesse. Die vorliegende Studie widerspricht dieser Vorstellung und lässt sich von der Annahme leiten, dass der Staat ein wichtiger Akteur ist, dessen Strategien, Interventionsmaßnahmen und Regulierungen immer schon das Verhältnis der Beziehungen zwischen Staat, Ökonomie und Gemeinschaft prägen. In dieser Perspektive rückt das Handeln des Staates in den Mittelpunkt des Interesses. Aber wie handelt der Staat? Um diese Frage zu beantworten, wird im Anschluss an die kritische Diskussion aktueller soziologischer Ansätze, die auf die Erklärung sozialen Handelns, sozialer Organisation und sozialen Wandels gerichtet sind, eine Theorie mittlerer Reichweite von State-Society Relations entwickelt. Sie ermöglicht es, die sozialen Mechanismen staatlichen Handelns zu identifizieren und trägt damit zur Erklärung staatlichen Handelns bei.

Phänomenologie und Soziologie

Theoretische Positionen, aktuelle Problemfelder und empirische Umsetzungen

Author: Jürgen Raab,Michaela Pfadenhauer,Peter Stegmaier,Jochen Dreher,Bernt Schnettler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531154282

Category: Social Science

Page: 415

View: 4844

Der Band erörtert die Bedeutung der Phänomenologie für die Soziologie. Die 35 Autorinnen und Autoren erkunden und diskutieren die Anregungen, Chancen und Erträge phänomenologischen Denkens für die Sozialtheorie ebenso wie für die empirische Sozialforschung. Hierzu werden in dem Band Beiträge zu soziologischen Begriffs- und Theorieproblemen, zu methodisch-methodologischen Aspekten und zu aktuellen Gegenwartsfragen versammelt. Diese vermitteln nicht nur einen umfassenden Überblick über den augenblicklichen Stand einer in der Soziologie in jüngster Zeit wieder verstärkt geführten Auseinandersetzung mit der Phänomenologie, sondern sie beziehen auch pointiert Stellung innerhalb dieser Debatte. Denn bei aller Unterschiedlichkeit der Fragestellungen und Herangehensweisen eint die Autorinnen und Autoren die Einsicht in die konstitutive Bedeutung der Subjektivität für aktuelle soziologische Frage- und Problemstellungen

Modern Social Theory

Key Debates and New Directions

Author: Derek Layder

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781857283860

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 1020

Intended for students of sociology, as well as researchers, this book provides a challenge to the recent post-positivist orthodo×y in social analysis, outlining a theory of social domains which re-establishes the importance of the wider settings and conte×ts of society.

The SAGE Handbook of Social Research Methods

Author: Pertti Alasuutari,Leonard Bickman,Julia Brannen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446206572

Category: Social Science

Page: 648

View: 3878

The SAGE Handbook of Social Research Methods is a must for every social-science researcher. It charts the new and evolving terrain of social research methodology, covering qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods in one volume. The Handbook includes chapters on each phase of the research process: research design, methods of data collection, and the processes of analyzing and interpreting data. The volume maintains that there is much more to research than learning skills and techniques; methodology involves the fit between theory, research questions research design and analysis. The book also includes several chapters that describe historical and current directions in social research, debating crucial subjects such as qualitative versus quantitative paradigms, how to judge the credibility of types of research, and the increasingly topical issue of research ethics. The Handbook serves as an invaluable resource for approaching research with an open mind. This volume maps the field of social research methods using an approach that will prove valuable for both students and researchers.

The A-Z of Social Research

A Dictionary of Key Social Science Research Concepts

Author: Robert Lee Miller,John D Brewer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761971337

Category: Social Science

Page: 345

View: 453

The A-Z is a collection of entries ranging from qualitative research techniques to statistical testing and the practicalities of using the Internet as a research tool. Alphabetically arranged in accessible, reader-friendly formats, the shortest entries are 800 words long and the longest are 3000. Most entries are approximately 1500 words in length and are supported by suggestions for further reading.

Soziologische Phantasie

Author: C. Wright Mills

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365810015X

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 6480

Soziologische Phantasie, die erstmals 1963 erschienene deutsche Übersetzung von C. Wright Mills‘ The Sociological Imagination, darf zurecht als Meilenstein wissenschaftlich-politischer Debatten in den Vereinigten Staaten betrachtet werden und zählt auch heute noch zu einer der wichtigsten Selbstkritiken der Soziologie. Mills schlägt hier einen dritten Weg zwischen bloßem Empirismus und abgehobener Theorie ein: Er plädiert für eine kritische Sozialwissenschaft, die sich weder bürokratisch instrumentalisieren lässt noch selbstverliebt vor sich hin prozessiert, sondern gesellschaftliche Bedeutung erlangt, indem sie den Zusammenhang von persönlichen Schwierigkeiten und öffentlichen Problemen erhellt. Eben dies sei Aufgabe und Verheißung einer Soziologie, die sich viel zu häufig „einer merkwürdigen Lust an der Attitüde des Unbeteiligten“ hingebe.

Children Behaving Badly?

Peer Violence Between Children and Young People

Author: Christine Barter,David Berridge

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119996064

Category: Psychology

Page: 262

View: 1327

Children Behaving Badly? is the first publication to directly address the complexity of peer violence from a range of disciplines and perspectives. Provides important insights into theoretical understanding of the issue and produces significant and far reaching implications for policy and practice developments Based on up-to-date research evidence and includes some unpublished findings from recognized experts in multidisciplinary fields Challenges many populist and damaging representations of youth violence and the associated narratives of modern youth as essentially ‘evil’

Offending Girls

Young Women and Youth Justice

Author: Gilly Sharpe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136617841

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 6238

At the dawn of the twenty-first century, panic about girls’ offending in Britain reached fever pitch. No longer sugar and spice, a ‘new breed’ of girl, the hedonistic, violent, binge-drinking ‘ladette’, was reported to have emerged. At the same time, the number of young women entering the youth justice system, including youth custody, increased dramatically. Offending Girls challenges simplistic and demonising popular representations of 'bad' girls and examines what exactly is new about the ‘new’ offending girl. In the light of enormous social and cultural changes affecting girls’ lives, and expectations of them, since previous British research in this area, the book investigates whether popular stereotypes problematising female youthful behaviour resonate with the accounts of criminalised young women themselves, and to what extent they have infiltrated professional youth justice discourse. Through the lens of original detailed qualitative research in two Youth Offending Teams and a Secure Training Centre – the first study of its kind since the 'modernisation' of the youth justice system over a decade ago – Offending Girls questions whether the ‘new’ youth justice system is delivering justice for girls and young women. It also contends that the panic about an ‘unprecedented crime wave’ amongst girls is not supported by robust evidence, but that the interventionist thrust which characterises contemporary youth justice has had a particularly pernicious impact on girls. It will be key reading for students and academics working in the areas of criminology, criminal and youth justice, education, gender studies, youth studies, social work, sociology and social policy, as well as youth and criminal justice practitioners and policy-makers.

Social Science Methodology

A Brief But Critical Introduction

Author: Frank W. Lewins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Sciences

Page: 110

View: 8102

An introduction to social science theory and analysis for secondary and tertiary students. Looks at the nature of social science, theory construction and testing, and analysis of research findings. Includes a glossary, bibliography and an index. By the author of TWriting a Thesis: A guide to its nature and organisation'.

Investigative Research

Theory and Practice

Author: Derek Layder

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1526422360

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 6876

With its unique modelling and mapping of social processes, Investigative Research offers an alternative approach to social research. This book guides you through the theoretical grounding and rules you need to effectively combine the evidence-based explanations of social behaviour and distinctive strategies of data collection associated with investigative research. It helps you answer key investigative questions like: How are models and maps of social reality crucial to the formulation of research problems and questions? What are the main phases, challenges, and theories of investigative research? How does investigative research compare with other research approaches, like surveys, case studies, grounded theory, and mixed methods? How can you control the quality and validity of your investigative research? With its clear focus on investigative research exploration, description, and explanation, this book gives you the solid building blocks needed to manage and integrate the theoretical and practical issues in your work.

Theory and Practice in Sociology

Author: Ian Marsh

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780130265531

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 4091

This comprehensive, clear and accessible introduction to the different methods and practice of social research and the main theoretical approaches in sociology uses an interactive approach to encourage students to react to the material covered.

Social Research

Issues, Methods and Process

Author: Tim May

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 3888

"The third edition of this tried and tested book works very well and should be extremely successful...its strength is that it covers all the principal areas of research in an accessible and lively style, treating each approach in relation to the philosophical and methodological debates that underpin them. It is logically organised and each chapter is well-structured...complex topics are clearly explained for the inexperienced reader, at the same time it contains enough of substance and food for thought for more advanced students." - John Scott, University of Essex Praise for the previous edition: "This is the finest introduction to social research I have ever read...Methods are meticulously worked through from official statistics to comparative research via surveys, interviews, observation and documentary analysis...The writing is clear, concise and scholarly with the bibliography a delightful A to Z compendium of the best in sociology." - British Sociological Association Network The fully revised and updated third edition of this hugely popular text incorporates the latest developments in the interdisciplinary field of social research, while retaining the style and structure that appealed to so many in the first two editions. Tim May successfully bridges the gap between theory and methods in social research, clearly illuminating these essential components for understanding the dynamics of social relations. The book is divided into two parts, with Part I examining the issues and perspectives in social research and Part II setting out the methods and processes. Revisions and additions have been made to Part I to take account of new ways of thinking about the relationship between theory and research, and values and ethics in the research process. These take on board advances in post-empiricist thinking, as well as the relations between values, objectivity and data collection. Where necessary, recommended readings and references to studies that form the bases of discussions throughout the book have been updated. In Part II, additions have been made to the chapter on questionnaires, and elsewhere new discussions have been introduced, for example, on research on the internet, narratives, case studies and new technologies. The reader will detect many other changes, the intention of which is to aid understanding by staying up-to-date with the latest innovations in social research. The chapters follow a common structure to enable a clear appreciation of the place, process and analysis of each method, and to allow the comparison of their strengths and weaknesses in the context of discussions in Part I. The clear writing style, chapter summaries, questions for reflection and signposts to further readings continue to make this book the ideal companion to social research for students across the social sciences. In addition, it will be recognised as an invaluable source of reference for those practising and teaching social research who wish to keep abreast of key developments in the field.

Karl Mannheim

Author: Amalia Barboza

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783896696618

Category: Knowledge, Sociology of

Page: 158

View: 5453

Karl Mannheim (1893-1947) gilt gemeinsam mit Max Scheler als Begründer der Wissenssoziologie. Sein wissenssoziologischer Ansatz rückt die ”Sozialverbundenheit“ der Wissensproduktion von Intellektuellen ins Zentrum der Analyse. Mannheim wollte zeigen, dass nicht nur das Denken des Alltagsmenschen sozial bedingt ist, sondern dass auch Spezialisten und Wissenschaftler in ihren Forschungen und Abhandlungen bestimmten Weltanschauungen unterliegen. Er entwickelte deshalb eine eigene wissenssoziologische Methodik zur Analyse der weltanschaulichen Unterschiede zwischen Denkern verschiedener Traditionen und sozialer Standorte. In diesem Einführungsband stellt Amalia Barboza in systematischer und allgemeinverständlicher Form das wissenssoziologische Werk Karl Mannheims vor. Sie führt dabei in Mannheims Wissenssoziologie als Methodenlehre wie auch als empirische Disziplin ein. Die Präsentation von Mannheims Forschungsarbeiten zeigt, dass der Autor sich nicht auf die Untersuchung verschiedener Denkstile beschränkte. Vielmehr verstand Mannheim es ebenso als originäre Aufgabe der Wissenssoziologie, die verschiedenen weltanschaulichen Standorte der eigenen Disziplin zu analysieren sowie auch selbst mit verschiedenen Denkstilen zu experimentieren.

Social Theory and Social Practice

Author: Hans L. Zetterberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351306189

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 6060

Social Theory and Social Practice is a unique effort at applied social theory. Hans L. Zetterberg believes that social research has now advanced so far that social scientists can give advice without being restricted to new research projects. They can use previously proven theories as the basis for sound practical recommendations. This approach has profound implications in the application of social science to problems in business management, labor strife, government decision-making, in such areas as education, health and human welfare. It remains a pioneering discourse for practitioners of social research and social policy. Zetterberg gives a searching review of the various ways in which social practitioners attempt to use the accumulated knowledge of social science. He proceeds with a compact summary of the knowledge of the academicians of social science, noting that practitioners are often unaware of much useful academic knowledge. The process by which this knowledge is transformed into practical advice is spelled out in detail, and is illustrated with examples from an actual consultation about problems faced by an art museum that wanted to increase its audience. Chapter 1 identifies the problem; chapter 2, "The Knowledge of Social Practitioners," outlines practitioners' reliance on scientific knowledge; chapter 3, "The Knowledge of Social Theorists," discusses sociological terms and sociological law; chapter 4, "The Practical Use of Social Theory through Scholarly Consultants," explores the actual specificity of social theory and its uses, while the concluding chapter examines the uses of consultants, covering some prerequisites for the successful use of applied science. The book rejects the widespread view that in order to put social science to use, we have to popularize its content. Zetterberg's approach is rather to translate a client's problem into a powerful theoretical statement, the solution to which is calculated and then presented to the client as down-to-earth advice. This volume will be of immediate interest to scholars in the field of social theory; to consultants and practitioners who give advice on social problems and policy decisions; and to executives who use advice from social scientists.

Understanding and Responding to Drug Use

The Role of Qualitative Research

Author: Jane Fountain,Gloria Greenwood

Publisher: European Communities

ISBN: 9789291680887

Category: Psychology

Page: 351

View: 470

This monograph is the product of the decision of the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) to launch a project in 1996 to obtain a comprehensive overview of qualitative research on drugs in Europe. The opening section highlights the multiple roles of qualitative research in understanding and responding to drug use. Part II addresses the impact of qualitative research on policy-making. Part III provides examples of research conducted in European Union cities that has been specifically designed to identify and verify new trends in drug use. Part IV on risk behaviour demonstrates how qualitative research methods have made a considerable contribution to the knowledge and understanding of health risks associated with drug injecting. Subsequent sections consider the theme of social exclusion, drug markets, and drug services evaluation. The final section is given over to qualitative research on drug use within a global research agenda. It reveals the scale of qualitative drug research varies greatly between countries, that little is published in the drug-specific scientific journals and that high quality work often appears to fail to influence policy. The monograph concludes that a comprehensive approach should include the training of individual experts and research teams and exchanges of experience between researchers across and beyond Europe.

Comparative methodology

theory and practice in international social research

Author: Else Øyen

Publisher: Sage Pubns

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 912

Social scientists are increasingly faced with the need to conduct research on an international scale. Although there is a long-established tradition of comparative research, the design and conduct of cross-national studies continues to present serious theoretical and methodological difficulties. In this book an experienced international team of researchers explores these problems and examines how they have been addressed through specific examples of comparative research. Does comparison across national boundaries present a new set of theoretical, methodological and epistemological challenges; or is it simply a variant (however complex in practice) of other social research? How far can the findings of single-country studies be replicated and validated through cross-national research? Is there a specific comparative methodology? How do the methodological issues of comparative work cut across other debates on method? Do data already available in national and international archives offer a route towards resolving practical problems in comparative research? Exploring these and other issues in comparative methodology, this book will be essential reading for sociologists, political scientists and others engaged in international social research.