Sociology for Childhood Studies

Author: Alan Yeo,Tina Lovell

Publisher: Hodder Education

ISBN: 9780340697795

Category: Children

Page: 235

View: 1375

An introduction to sociological theories and models, relating key sociological concepts to childhood, family life and child care. The authors use a selection of source material to illustrate sociology in this context, and provide activities for reflection. The work addresses the sociological content of the following BTEC modules: National Legal Aspects and Social Policy; Sociological Aspects of Child Development; Community Study; and the sociological content of the following NNEB modules: Equality of Opportunity; Child Protection; Disability.

Sociology and Social Policy for the Early Years

Author: Alan Yeo,Tina Lovell

Publisher: Hodder Education

ISBN: 9780340844939

Category: Child care

Page: 240

View: 7218

This updated edition of the established text for child care students places new emphasis on social policy, in line with many Early Years and Playwork qualifications. There is information on the National Childcare Strategy and other new government initiatives, including Sure Start, New Deal, and Early Learning Goals. With many additional charts, diagrams, and illustrations, the book will be of great value to BTEC and other Diploma level child care students.

Social Policy for Children and Families

A Risk and Resilience Perspective

Author: Jeffrey M. Jenson,Mark W. Fraser

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412981395

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 3158

Rev. ed. of: Social policy for children & families: a risk and resilience perspective. 2006.

Childhood in Society for the Early Years

Author: Rory McDowall Clark

Publisher: Learning Matters

ISBN: 1446293645

Category: Education

Page: 160

View: 7351

Childhood can only be understood in relation to the multitude of social factors which surround it. Written for students of degrees and foundation degrees in Early Years, Early Childhood Studies and related disciplines, this accessible text offers an introduction to the study of these complex issues including the different contexts within which childhood exists. These contexts, from the child within the family, to the global perspective and the child's own perspective are closely examined. This second edition is updated in line with recent changes to early years policy and includes a new chapter 'The context of partnership: children in transition'. About the Early Years Series This series has been designed to support students of Early Years, Early Childhood Studies and related disciplines in popular modules of their course. Each text takes a focused look at a specific topic and approaches it in an accessible and user-friendly way. Features have been developed to help readers engage with the text and understand the subject from a number of different viewpoints. Activities pose questions to prompt thought and discussion and 'Theory Focus' boxes examine essential theory close-up for better understanding. This series is also applicable to EYPS candidates on all pathways. Other titles in the series are Early Childhood Studies, Becoming a Practitioner in the Early Years, Child Observation for the Early Years and Exploring Play for Early Childhood Studies. Rory McDowall Clark originally trained as a nursery and primary teacher in Brighton and has a wide range of experience in broader social contexts including community development with charities, voluntary organisations and outreach youth work. Rory is a senior lecturer in the Centre for Early Childhood at the University of Worcester.

Giving Kids a Fair Chance

Author: James J. Heckman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262019132

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 137

View: 9244

In Giving Kids a Fair Chance, Nobel Prize-winning economist James Heckman argues that the accident of birth is the greatest source of inequality in America today. Children born into disadvantage are, by the time they start kindergarten, already at risk of dropping out of school, teen pregnancy, crime, and a lifetime of low-wage work. This is bad for all those born into disadvantage and bad for American society. Current social and education policies directed toward children focus on improving cognition, yet success in life requires more than smarts. Heckman calls for a refocus of social policy toward early childhood interventions designed to enhance both cognitive abilities and such non-cognitive skills as confidence and perseverance. This new focus on preschool intervention would emphasize improving the early environments of disadvantaged children and increasing the quality of parenting while respecting the primacy of the family and America's cultural diversity. Heckman shows that acting early has much greater positive economic and social impact than later interventions -- which range from reduced pupil-teacher ratios to adult literacy programs to expenditures on police -- that draw the most attention in the public policy debate. At a time when state and local budgets for early interventions are being cut, Heckman issues an urgent call for action and offers some practical steps for how to design and pay for new programs. The debate that follows delves deeply into some of the most fraught questions of our time: the sources of inequality, the role of schools in solving social problems, and how to invest public resources most effectively. Mike Rose, Geoffrey Canada, Charles Murray, Carol Dweck, Annette Lareau, and other prominent experts participate.

The Sociology of Early Childhood

Critical Perspectives

Author: Norman Gabriel

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473934230

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 7891

Introducing readers to the key historical and sociological perspectives on childhood, this book includes discussion features to encourage students to be critical and discursive around the subject

Child Development for Child Care and Protection Workers

Author: Brigid Daniel

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 9781853026331

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 335

View: 9804

Child Development for Child Care and Protection Workers is the first study of child development to be written specifically for practitioners in the child care and protection field. Summarising important current thinking on child development and applying it directly to practice, the book considers ways in which development can be interrupted, and explores concepts of vulnerability and resilience, while relating them closely to helping children who have been abused or have suffered other trauma.The quality of children's human interactions, and the importance of assessing them as part of a social network, forms an important theme in this book. In particular, the authors outline how attachment theory can be helpful for child care and protection practice as it relates language and cognitive, moral and social development to the quality of human relationships. The impact of abuse and neglect on children in infancy, at school age and during adolescence is contrasted with outlines of what can be considered 'normal' development. Presenting case studies and opportunities to reflect on current methods of treating children, this book encourages practitioners to respond to the circumstances of each child as unique, and links theory and practice in an imaginative and sympathetic way.

Sociology for Social Workers

Author: Anne Llewellyn,Lorraine Agu,David Mercer

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745636977

Category: Social Science

Page: 337

View: 1388

The second edition of this major textbook clearly shows how sociology can inform professional social work practice in the twenty–first century. It provides an easy–to–follow, jargon–free introduction to sociology for social work students, with crucial links to practice across a comprehensive range of topics. The need for an appreciation of the insights sociology has to offer about our world and our actions within it has been underlined by recent reforms to social work education, and the new edition furthers its commitments to this goal. The book shows how sociology is an exciting and relevant topic to social work with a variety of service user groups, and supports and extends students’ learning through carefully designed pedagogical features. Richly illustrated with evidence and examples, the book uses engaging case studies to demonstrate the relevance of sociology to everyday practice. The new edition has been fully updated to explore contemporary issues for social workers, locating these in the context of global changes and strengthening its application of sociological theories to social work practice. Sociology for Social Workers will continue to be an invaluable teaching and learning resource that takes seriously sociology’s capacity to contribute to positive social work practice.

Handbook of Early Childhood Literacy

Author: Nigel Hall,Joanne Larson,Jackie Marsh

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761974376

Category: Education

Page: 436

View: 2958

`This volume examines early literacy research on a global scale, and puts social, cultural and historical analyses in the front seat, without losing sight of individual and family-level matters in the process. It is comprehensive, ground-breaking, and provocative and should help literacy researchers to think differently about the field' - Marjorie Faulstich Orellana School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University `No other publication that I am aware of brings together views from such diverse disciplines, contributing to a comprehensive statement about early childhood literacy. The Handbook not only reviews the current field of situated literacy but presents some important and exciting new research. It is a significant resource which promises to become a landmark text' - Eve Bearne, University of Cambridge, Faculty of Education `This Handbook brings together an astonishing array of writers who explore contemporary political, cultural and cognitive understandings of early childhood literacy. Literacy and literacy acquisition are broadly defined here to encompass not just traditional notions of reading and writing, but multimodalities, multiliteracies, and critical literacies... It is rich and comprehensive, an invaluable resource for scholars, educators, and students of early childhood literacy' - Elsa Auerbach, Professor of English, University of Massachusetts, Boston `This book is unique in its broad consideration of topics and its global focus... I particularly appreciate how the Editors have situated current research in an historical context. They have also included development issues, pedagogy, research, and the newest areas of interest - critical literacy and popular culture' - Diane Barone, University of Nevada, Reno `The editors and their contributors place a strong emphasis on literacy as a social practice that occurs outside school settings. This broad interpretation is a healthy counter-blast to the current political views and legislation in many developed countries and should be welcomed by practitioners. Another very welcome dimension is the 'can do' approach that celebrates young children's literacy achievements... This is an informative and insightful text for researchers and students to dip into and think about for some years to come' - Marian Whithead writing in Nursery World `An inspired and stimulating read aimed at researchers, academics, professionals and students in the fields of early years education and research and early childhood literacy. It will also be of interest to those working in other disciplines such as cultural studies and sociology. I think this collection of work by the range of authors, some of which are the most distinguished and renowned in the field, not only represents real value for money but also makes an essential, in-depth, perceptive and invaluable contribution to this relatively new and dynamic field. It offers some cutting edge, contemporary and exciting material combined with well founded wisdom and indeed, excellent sources for further reading' - British Journal of Educational Studies In recent years there has been a virtual revolution in early childhood studies, with a mass of books and papers seeking to re-examine and reposition childhood. At the same time an equally significant area has developed within literacy studies, reflecting a growing interest in the nature of literacy as a socially situated phenomenon. There is increased interest in literacy as a multimodal concept in which symbolic meaning is a central concept, rather than more conventional and narrower notions of literacy. The Handbook of Early Childhood Literacy is central in providing access to all these different perspectives. The Handbook offers a way through the vast diversity of publications on early childhood literacy by providing comprehensive and up-to-date reviews of research and thinking in early childhood literacy. The arrangement of chapters reflects a contemporary perspective on research into early childhood literacy. Major sections include: the global world of early childhood literacy; childhood literacy and family, community and culture; the development of literacy in early childhood; pedagogy and early childhood literacy and researching early childhood literacy. Contributions by leading authorities focus on literacy as a socially situated and global experience, one that is evolving in relation to changes in contemporary culture and technological innovation.

The Child Welfare Challenge

Policy, Practice, and Research

Author: Peter J. Pecora,James K. Whittaker,Anthony N. Maluccio,Richard P. Barth

Publisher: AldineTransaction

ISBN: 0202363864

Category: Social Science

Page: 458

View: 4258

Within a historical and contemporary context, this book examines major policy practice and research issues as they jointly shape child welfare practice and its future. In addition to describing the major problems facing the field, the book highlights service innovations that have been developed in recent years. The resulting picture is encouraging, especially if certain major program reforms I are implemented and agencies are able to concentrate resources in a focused manner. The volume emphasizes families and children whose primary recourse to services has been through publicly funded child welfare agencies. The book considers historical areas of service—foster care and adoptions, in-home family-centered services, child-protective services, and residential services—where social work has an important role. Authors address the many fields of practice in which child and family services are provided or that involve substantial numbers of social work programs, such as services to adolescent parents, child mental health, education, and juvenile justice agencies. This new edition will continue to serve as a fundamen­tal introduction for new practitioners, as well as summary of recent developments for experienced practitioners.

Nurturing Natures

Attachment and Children's Emotional, Sociocultural and Brain Development

Author: Graham Music

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317326539

Category: Psychology

Page: 380

View: 4453

This new edition of the bestselling text, Nurturing Natures, provides an indispensable synthesis of the latest scientific knowledge about children’s emotional development. Integrating a wealth of both up-to-date and classical research from areas such as attachment theory, neuroscience developmental psychology and cross-cultural studies, it weaves these into an accessible enjoyable text which always keeps in mind children recognisable to academics, practitioners and parents. It unpacks the most significant influences on the developing child, including the family and social context. It looks at key developmental stages from life in the womb to the pre-school years and right up until adolescence, covering important topics such as genes and environment, trauma, neglect or resilience. It also examines how children develop language, play and memory and, new to this edition, moral and prosocial capacities. Issues of nature and nurture are addressed and the effects of different kinds of early experiences are unpicked, creating a coherent and balanced view of the developing child in context. Nurturing Natures is written by an experienced child therapist who has used a wide array of research from different disciplines to create a highly readable and scientifically trustworthy text. This book should be essential reading for childcare students, for teachers, social workers, health visitors, early years practitioners and those training or working in child counselling, psychiatry and mental health. Full of fascinating findings, it provides answers to many of the questions people really want to ask about the human journey from conception into adulthood. .

Working with Babies and Children

From Birth to Three

Author: Jools Page,Cathy Nutbrown,Ann Clare

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446289818

Category: Education

Page: 248

View: 6693

'The first edition of this book set a milestone in writing about under threes. This second edition builds on that great achievement: its thinking about loving interactions in nurseries marks it out for its bravery and profound importance for a new generation of practice' -Peter Elfer, University of Roehampton 'The authors skilfully interlace theory and practice, foregrounding an ethic of respect and prompting critical reflection and dialogue' -Dr Sacha Powell, Reader in Early Childhood, Canterbury Christ Church University 'This clear, authoritative and scholarly book is informed by the authors' huge respect and affection for young children and those who work with them. A must-read' -Helen Moylett, Early Learning Consultancy This book is essential for all who work with children under three. Due to its combination of theory and practice, clear writing and pedagogical material. The second edition contains extensive updates on policy, new case studies, and activities from current settings. This revised edition emphasises: - child development and learning - attachment/key person relationships - planning the environment for babies - understanding every child - working with parents This book will be useful to those on initial training courses, such as Foundation degrees, NVQ, BA Education and Early Childhood Studies, and for managers and practitioners undertaking CPD. Jools Page teaches on the MA in Early Childhood Education at the University of Sheffield. Ann Clare is an Associate Tutor at the University of Sheffield. Cathy Nutbrown is Head of the School of Education at the University of Sheffield.

Parenting Matters

Supporting Parents of Children Ages 0-8

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Supporting the Parents of Young Children

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309388570

Category: Social Science

Page: 524

View: 3007

Decades of research have demonstrated that the parent-child dyad and the environment of the familyâ€"which includes all primary caregiversâ€"are at the foundation of children’s well- being and healthy development. From birth, children are learning and rely on parents and the other caregivers in their lives to protect and care for them. The impact of parents may never be greater than during the earliest years of life, when a child’s brain is rapidly developing and when nearly all of her or his experiences are created and shaped by parents and the family environment. Parents help children build and refine their knowledge and skills, charting a trajectory for their health and well-being during childhood and beyond. The experience of parenting also impacts parents themselves. For instance, parenting can enrich and give focus to parents’ lives; generate stress or calm; and create any number of emotions, including feelings of happiness, sadness, fulfillment, and anger. Parenting of young children today takes place in the context of significant ongoing developments. These include: a rapidly growing body of science on early childhood, increases in funding for programs and services for families, changing demographics of the U.S. population, and greater diversity of family structure. Additionally, parenting is increasingly being shaped by technology and increased access to information about parenting. Parenting Matters identifies parenting knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with positive developmental outcomes in children ages 0-8; universal/preventive and targeted strategies used in a variety of settings that have been effective with parents of young children and that support the identified knowledge, attitudes, and practices; and barriers to and facilitators for parents’ use of practices that lead to healthy child outcomes as well as their participation in effective programs and services. This report makes recommendations directed at an array of stakeholders, for promoting the wide-scale adoption of effective programs and services for parents and on areas that warrant further research to inform policy and practice. It is meant to serve as a roadmap for the future of parenting policy, research, and practice in the United States.

Introducing Sociology for AS Level

Author: Ken Browne

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745635601

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 1755

The second edition of Ken Browne′s highly successful Introducing Sociology for AS–level provides in–depth and up–to–date coverage of the complete specification for AQA AS–level sociology. The first edition of this book was widely praised for its comprehensive coverage, and student–friendly style. In this second edition, all of the chapters have been revised to include new studies, reports and statistics. Key sociological terms are now systematically highlighted all the way through the book, and included in a comprehensive glossary, with fresh questions and activities added to develop and test students′ understanding further. Fuller consideration of issues of identity has been given throughout the text. More detailed advice has been provided on coursework, including a top–mark example to show students exactly what they have to do to achieve the highest grades. What′s more, two authentic exam questions are now included on every topic. Pitched at exactly the right level for AS sociology, the book provides all the tools necessary to help students achieve top grades, and a sound basis for progression to A2. A host of cartoons, photographs, graphs, tables, and spider diagrams help to enliven the text, as well as reinforcing key issues. Web sites and web–based activities are included throughout, encouraging students to engage with the most recent social changes, and developments in sociology. Although it assumes no previous knowledge of sociology, its dedicated and in–depth coverage of all the AQA′s AS topics provides a useful reference tool for the synoptic elements at A2. The second edition of Introducing Sociology for AS Level combines sociological rigour and accessibility in a way unrivalled by any other book at this level. It will be an invaluable resource to anyone following the AQA specifications.

The British Welfare State

A Critical History

Author: John Brown

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631171928

Category: Political Science

Page: 148

View: 6982

The nature of the British "Welfare State", established in the 1940s through the acceptance of the Beveridge Report's recommendations and assumption, has long been the subject of an inconclusive debate, even though knowledge of its history has increased as official papers have become open to access under the thirty year rule. What aims, interests and forces shaped its development before and after the Beveridge Report's appearance, from the Liberal innovations in social policy before 1914 to the collapse of full employment in the 1970s? This book examines the answers to such questions provided by recent historical research and discussion, offering a critical and comprehensive study of the modernization of social policy in Britain.

The Sociology Book

Author: DK

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1465445706

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 1601

The Sociology Book from DK is an introduction to the subject that tells you all about what society is and what makes it tick. With more than 100 ideas from the world's most renowned sociologists, covering topics as diverse as the effects of globalization; issues of equality, diversity, identity, and human rights; the role of institutions; and the rise of urban living in modern society, this book details all the key concepts of sociological thought. - Part of an award-winning series that uses an innovative graphic approach and creative use of typography to clarify hard-to-grasp concepts and explain big ideas - Explores sociological theories formulated by more than 100 famous sociologists, from Jane Addams to Sharon Zukin - Easy to navigate step-by-step summaries explain each idea in a nutshell - Biographies of key sociologists and social activists give a historical context to each idea - A directory of social thinkers includes further biographies of sociologists from around the world

Handbook of Father Involvement

Multidisciplinary Perspectives, Second Edition

Author: Natasha J. Cabrera,Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136235043

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 504

View: 6412

This second edition reviews the new research findings and theoretical advances on fathers, families, child development, programs, and policies that have occurred in the past decade. Contributors from a range of disciplines and countries showcase contemporary findings within a new common chapter structure. All of the chapters are either extensively revised or entirely new. Biological, evolutionary, demographic, developmental, cultural, sociological, economic, and legal perspectives of father involvement are described along with policy and program implications. Now with a greater international perspective, this edition considers demographic shifts in families in the United States and Europe. All chapters now follow a common structure to enhance readability and interdisciplinary connections. Each chapter features: Historical Overview and Theoretical Perspectives; Research Questions; Research Methods and Measurement; Empirical Findings; Bridges to other Disciplines; Policy Implications; and Future Directions. In addition, each chapter highlights universal and cultural processes and mechanisms. This structure illuminates the ways that theories, methods, and findings are guided by disciplinary lenses and encourages multidisciplinary perspectives. This extensively revised edition now features: • Expanded section on Biological and Evolutionary Perspectives that reviews fathering in animal populations and the genetic and hormonal underpinnings that feed into fathering behaviors within and across species. • New section on Economic and Legal Perspectives that addresses the economics of fatherhood, marriage, divorce, and child custody issues, and family dispute resolution. • New section on Child Development and Family Processes that covers topics on father-child relationships, the father’ role in children’s language, cognitive, and social development, and father risk, family context, and co-parenting. • Separate chapters on Black, Latino, and Asian American fathers. • Now includes research on cohabitation and parenting, gender roles and fathering, intergenerational parenting, and fatherhood implications for men in the section on Sociological Perspectives. • The latest demographics, policies, and programs influencing father involvement in both the US and Europe. • Coverage of methodological and measurement topics and processes that are universal across ethnic groups and cultures in each chapter. Intended for advanced students, practitioners, policymakers, and researchers interested in fatherhood and family processes from a variety of disciplines including psychology, family studies, economics, sociology, and social work, and anyone interested in child and family policy.

Understanding Social Security

Issues for Policy and Practice

Author: Jane Millar

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781847421869

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 322

View: 5837

This second edition of the important text, "Understanding Social Security", reviews policy developments since 1997, giving readers the information and analytical tools to make sense of policy debates and reforms and to evaluate options for the future. The chapters have been extensively updated since the first edition, with new chapters on social security reform, inequalities and social security, and the new 'welfare market'.

Health Disparities in the United States

Social Class, Race, Ethnicity, and Health

Author: Donald A. Barr

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421414767

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 4900

Outstanding Academic Title, Choice magazine The health care system in the United States has been called the best in the world. Yet wide health disparities persist between different social groups, and many Americans suffer from poorer health than people in other developed countries. Donald A. Barr's Health Disparities in the United States explores how socioeconomic status, race, and ethnicity interact with socioeconomic inequality to create and perpetuate these health disparities. Examining the significance of this gulf for the medical community, cultural subsets, and society at large, Barr offers potential policy- and physician-based solutions for reducing health inequity in the long term. This popular course book, which has been fully updated, now incorporates significant new material, including a chapter on the profound effects of inequality on child development, behavioral choices, and adult health status. An essential text for courses in public health, health policy, and sociology, the second edition analyzes the complex web of social forces that influence health outcomes in the United States. This book is a vital teaching tool and a comprehensive reference for social science and medical professionals.

Unequal Childhoods

Class, Race, and Family Life, Second Edition with an Update a Decade Later

Author: Annette Lareau

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520271424

Category: Social Science

Page: 461

View: 554

This book is a powerful portrayal of class inequalities in the United States. It contains insightful analysis of the processes through which inequality is reproduced, and it frankly engages with methodological and analytic dilemmas usually glossed over in academic texts.