The Sociology of Early Childhood

Critical Perspectives

Author: Norman Gabriel

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473934230

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 8917

Introducing readers to the key historical and sociological perspectives on childhood, this book includes discussion features to encourage students to be critical and discursive around the subject

Caring for Children

Challenge To America

Author: Jeffrey Lande,Sandra Scarr,Nina Guzenhauser

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317785266

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 6162

Childcare is one of the most debated issues today. This volume provides a comprehensive and current review of childcare research and public policy issues. Chapters are contributed by leaders from such fields as developmental research and early childhood education as well as by public policy officials. All major discussions and debates are summarized to promote a complete overview and speak to key issues of the day including affordability, availability, and staffing.

The Child's Journey Through Care

Placement Stability, Care Planning, and Achieving Permanency

Author: Dorota Iwaniec

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470011394

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 6063

This book focuses on children's journeys through the care system, from voluntary admission into care, through complicated and often long court proceedings, in pursuit of Care or Freeing Orders. Problems that arise from taking cases through the courts are examined, together with tensions that may arise between judicial and social work decision-making. The Child's Journey Through Care discusses in full: the emotional and behavioural problems of looked-after children and elaborates on care-planning and helping strategies; children's rights whilst in State care and their participation in decision-making about their future, including preparation for appearances in court; the importance and ways of building new attachments and relationships with substitute carers, with emphases on resilience and children's strengths; pitfalls and successes when seeking permanency of care and emotional stability. The book also includes considerations of the European Convention of Human Rights (1998) and describes many of the dilemmas arising in meeting the rights of children and parents, without jeopardising the welfare of either. The importance of openness, consideration, and straightforward dealings with parents is given due emphasis, especially where preparations for taking cases to court are involved. The Child's Journey Through Care will be a valuable source of information for field and residential workers, social work supervisors, resource managers, policy makers, and those working in the legal profession.

Childhood in Society for the Early Years

Author: Rory McDowall Clark

Publisher: Learning Matters

ISBN: 1446293645

Category: Education

Page: 160

View: 5427

Childhood can only be understood in relation to the multitude of social factors which surround it. Written for students of degrees and foundation degrees in Early Years, Early Childhood Studies and related disciplines, this accessible text offers an introduction to the study of these complex issues including the different contexts within which childhood exists. These contexts, from the child within the family, to the global perspective and the child's own perspective are closely examined. This second edition is updated in line with recent changes to early years policy and includes a new chapter 'The context of partnership: children in transition'. About the Early Years Series This series has been designed to support students of Early Years, Early Childhood Studies and related disciplines in popular modules of their course. Each text takes a focused look at a specific topic and approaches it in an accessible and user-friendly way. Features have been developed to help readers engage with the text and understand the subject from a number of different viewpoints. Activities pose questions to prompt thought and discussion and 'Theory Focus' boxes examine essential theory close-up for better understanding. This series is also applicable to EYPS candidates on all pathways. Other titles in the series are Early Childhood Studies, Becoming a Practitioner in the Early Years, Child Observation for the Early Years and Exploring Play for Early Childhood Studies. Rory McDowall Clark originally trained as a nursery and primary teacher in Brighton and has a wide range of experience in broader social contexts including community development with charities, voluntary organisations and outreach youth work. Rory is a senior lecturer in the Centre for Early Childhood at the University of Worcester.

Social Policy and Public Policy

Inequality and Justice

Author: Lee Rainwater

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202369064

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 9590

This classic volume was originally designed as an introduction to social science perspectives on a broad range of social issues in American society, specifi cally the complex social problems of the 1960s. Because the volume is structured as a survey, it is neither exhaustive or defi nitive. It does provide a wide range of information about these problems, as well as the many diff erent policy initiatives that were developed to cope with them. Readers can learn a great deal about the common themes, predilections and quandaries that characterized United States responses to the complex problems of the 1960s and the patterns of inequality and injustice prevalent at that time. The essays were selected to cover the range of substantive problematic issues of the period, the social science perspectives that were brought to bear on them, and the range of social science methodologies used. Finally, the selections emphasize the contributions that can be made to understanding social problems by intensive and rigorous social science research. Journalists and popular writers use a common sense approach to their study of social problems, and the results are often imaginative and incisive. Th e tools of social scientists produce information and analyses that contribute far more to our understanding than even the most insightful journalist can achieve. Th e selections in this volume highlight the deeper and more fundamental understanding of social issues that can come from rigorous analysis of government statistics, and from special sample surveys, from in-depth ethnographic studies. "Lee Rainwater" is professor emeritus of sociology at Harvard University. He was one of the original founders of Transaction Publishers. He has written books and articles in many professional journals.

Handbook of Father Involvement

Multidisciplinary Perspectives, Second Edition

Author: Natasha J. Cabrera,Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136235043

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 504

View: 1507

This second edition reviews the new research findings and theoretical advances on fathers, families, child development, programs, and policies that have occurred in the past decade. Contributors from a range of disciplines and countries showcase contemporary findings within a new common chapter structure. All of the chapters are either extensively revised or entirely new. Biological, evolutionary, demographic, developmental, cultural, sociological, economic, and legal perspectives of father involvement are described along with policy and program implications. Now with a greater international perspective, this edition considers demographic shifts in families in the United States and Europe. All chapters now follow a common structure to enhance readability and interdisciplinary connections. Each chapter features: Historical Overview and Theoretical Perspectives; Research Questions; Research Methods and Measurement; Empirical Findings; Bridges to other Disciplines; Policy Implications; and Future Directions. In addition, each chapter highlights universal and cultural processes and mechanisms. This structure illuminates the ways that theories, methods, and findings are guided by disciplinary lenses and encourages multidisciplinary perspectives. This extensively revised edition now features: • Expanded section on Biological and Evolutionary Perspectives that reviews fathering in animal populations and the genetic and hormonal underpinnings that feed into fathering behaviors within and across species. • New section on Economic and Legal Perspectives that addresses the economics of fatherhood, marriage, divorce, and child custody issues, and family dispute resolution. • New section on Child Development and Family Processes that covers topics on father-child relationships, the father’ role in children’s language, cognitive, and social development, and father risk, family context, and co-parenting. • Separate chapters on Black, Latino, and Asian American fathers. • Now includes research on cohabitation and parenting, gender roles and fathering, intergenerational parenting, and fatherhood implications for men in the section on Sociological Perspectives. • The latest demographics, policies, and programs influencing father involvement in both the US and Europe. • Coverage of methodological and measurement topics and processes that are universal across ethnic groups and cultures in each chapter. Intended for advanced students, practitioners, policymakers, and researchers interested in fatherhood and family processes from a variety of disciplines including psychology, family studies, economics, sociology, and social work, and anyone interested in child and family policy.

Sociology for Social Workers

Author: Anne Llewellyn,Lorraine Agu,David Mercer

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745636977

Category: Social Science

Page: 337

View: 9025

The second edition of this major textbook clearly shows how sociology can inform professional social work practice in the twenty–first century. It provides an easy–to–follow, jargon–free introduction to sociology for social work students, with crucial links to practice across a comprehensive range of topics. The need for an appreciation of the insights sociology has to offer about our world and our actions within it has been underlined by recent reforms to social work education, and the new edition furthers its commitments to this goal. The book shows how sociology is an exciting and relevant topic to social work with a variety of service user groups, and supports and extends students’ learning through carefully designed pedagogical features. Richly illustrated with evidence and examples, the book uses engaging case studies to demonstrate the relevance of sociology to everyday practice. The new edition has been fully updated to explore contemporary issues for social workers, locating these in the context of global changes and strengthening its application of sociological theories to social work practice. Sociology for Social Workers will continue to be an invaluable teaching and learning resource that takes seriously sociology’s capacity to contribute to positive social work practice.

The Child Welfare Challenge, Second Edition

Policy, Practice, and Research

Author: Peter J. Pecora

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202361260

Category: Social Science

Page: 597

View: 1042

This newly revised and updated edition of a widely adopted text continues to address a broad array of issues in supporting children and strengthening families. It includes key information about federal legislation as well as policy-related outcomes research in child welfare. The first edition of The Child Welfare Challenge was hailed by Social Work as "an excellent source from which to gain an in-depth understanding of the practice and policy dimensions of child maltreatment, foster care, and adoption" and by the Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare as "essential reading for anyone interested in knowing more about child welfare practice in social work." Within a historical and contemporary context, this book examines major policy, practice, and research issues as they jointly shape current child welfare practice and possible future directions. In addition to describing the major challenges facing the child welfare field, the book highlights some of the service innovations that have been developed, as these could be used to help address some of these challenges. In child welfare the focus is on families and children whose primary recourse to services has been through publicly funded agencies. The contributors consider historical areas of service--foster care and adoptions, in-home family-centered services, child-protective services, and residential services--in which social work has a legitimate, long-standing, and important mission. This is a comprehensive book, but one that appreciates the fact that many areas, such as daycare and early intervention, invite exploration. It is unique in that each chapter describes how policy initiatives and research can or should influence program design and implementation. Peter J. Pecora is manager of research for the Casey Family Programs and professor in the School of Social Work at the University of Washington. James K. Whittaker is professor in the School of Social Work at the University of Washington. Anthony N. Maluccio is professor in the Graduate School of Social Work at Boston College. Richard P. Barth is Frank Daniels Distinguished Professor in the School of Social Work, North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Robert D. Plotnick is professor in the Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs and adjunct professor in the School of Social Work at the University of Washington.

Child Development for Child Care and Protection Workers

Author: Brigid Daniel

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 9781853026331

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 335

View: 5108

Child Development for Child Care and Protection Workers is the first study of child development to be written specifically for practitioners in the child care and protection field. Summarising important current thinking on child development and applying it directly to practice, the book considers ways in which development can be interrupted, and explores concepts of vulnerability and resilience, while relating them closely to helping children who have been abused or have suffered other trauma.The quality of children's human interactions, and the importance of assessing them as part of a social network, forms an important theme in this book. In particular, the authors outline how attachment theory can be helpful for child care and protection practice as it relates language and cognitive, moral and social development to the quality of human relationships. The impact of abuse and neglect on children in infancy, at school age and during adolescence is contrasted with outlines of what can be considered 'normal' development. Presenting case studies and opportunities to reflect on current methods of treating children, this book encourages practitioners to respond to the circumstances of each child as unique, and links theory and practice in an imaginative and sympathetic way.

Understanding Social Security (Second Edition)

Issues for Policy and Practice

Author: Jane Millar

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847421873

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 5885

This second edition of this text, Understanding Social Security, gives readers the information and analytical tools to make sense of policy developments and reforms and to evaluate options for the future. The book provides a critical examination of social security policy and practice and is essential reading for students of social policy, social work and sociology, as well as policy makers and practitioners in the fields of social security, welfare-to-work, employment, anti-poverty strategies and welfare rights.

Brocklehurst's Textbook of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology E-Book

Author: Howard M. Fillit,Kenneth Rockwood,Kenneth Woodhouse

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437720757

Category: Medical

Page: 1152

View: 8945

Popular with generations of practitioners, Brocklehurst's Textbook of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology has been the definitive reference of choice in the field of geriatric care. The new 7th Edition, by Howard M. Fillit, MD, Kenneth Rockwood, MD, and Kenneth Woodhouse, carries on this tradition with an increased clinical focus and updated coverage to help you meet the unique challenges posed by this growing patient population. Consistent discussions of clinical manifestations, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and more make reference quick and easy, while over 255 illustrations compliment the text to help you find what you need on a given condition. Examples of the latest imaging studies depict the effects of aging on the brain, and new algorithms further streamline decision making. Emphasizes the clinical relevance of the latest scientific findings to help you easily apply the material to everyday practice. Features consistent discussions of clinical manifestations, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and more that make reference quick and easy. Includes over 255 illustrations—including algorithms, photographs, and tables—that compliment the text to help you find what you need on a given condition. Provides summary boxes at the end of each chapter that highlight important points. Features the work of an expert author team, now led by Dr. Howard M. Fillit who provides an American perspective to complement the book’s traditional wealth of British expertise. Includes an expanded use of algorithms to streamline decision making. Presents more color images in the section on aging skin, offering a real-life perspective of conditions for enhanced diagnostic accuracy. Includes examples of the latest imaging studies to help you detect and classify changes to the brain during aging. Offers Grade A evidence-based references keyed to the relevant text.

Social Work

A Reader

Author: Viviene E. Cree

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136894780

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 3490

What are the key ideas that underpin social work practice? This inspiring Reader brings together some of the most significant ideas which have informed social work practice over the last forty years. Exploring these fundamental ideas, the book includes commentaries that allow the reader to understand the texts on their own terms as well as to be aware of their relations to each other and to the wider social work context. An accessible introduction contextualises the reader, summarising the main themes and highlighting key issues. The book is then divided into three main sections, each presenting key texts which have contributed to the development of: the profession of social work social work knowledge and values social work skills and practice. There is no settled view or easy consensus about what social work is and should be, and the ideas reflected in this volume are themselves diverse and complex. The contributions are drawn from a wide range of perspectives: psychological, sociological, philosophical, educational and political, as well as perspectives which are grounded in the experiences of practitioners and those who use services. This important resource is essential reading for all social work students.

Doing Your Early Years Research Project

A Step by Step Guide

Author: Guy Roberts-Holmes

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412901123

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 5526

This guide talks through the early years research project from start to finish. Drawing on the work of practitioners within the sector to illustrate concepts and methods, it brings the entire research process to life. Research summaries, key point checklists and discussion topics are included throughout.

Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood

Contemporary Issues in the Sociological Study of Childhood

Author: Allison James,Alan Prout

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780750707039

Category: Education

Page: 260

View: 4524

First published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Learning Through Child Observation

Second Edition

Author: Mary Fawcett

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 1846429641

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 882

This fully-updated second edition of Learning Through Child Observation is a handbook for professionals working in, or students preparing to work in, children's services. This accessible text examines the value of observation, its use in assessment and the practical aspects and methods of observational study. The author focuses on the importance of fully recognising the child's developmental and emotional state when intervening, and the need to see children `holistically' and as unique individuals within the wider context of the family and community. New chapters include Views of Children and Childhood, which draws on European educational and sociological perspectives and highlights the contrasting views of children, and The 'Hundred Languages of Children', which considers the place of creative engagement and multiple forms of expression by children. With new material and updated chapters, this second edition of a popular text will appeal to students and professionals in all children's services, whether in pre-school, schools, social care, mental health or health settings.

Handbook of Early Childhood Literacy

Author: Nigel Hall,Joanne Larson,Jackie Marsh

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761974376

Category: Education

Page: 436

View: 9688

`This volume examines early literacy research on a global scale, and puts social, cultural and historical analyses in the front seat, without losing sight of individual and family-level matters in the process. It is comprehensive, ground-breaking, and provocative and should help literacy researchers to think differently about the field′ - Marjorie Faulstich Orellana School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University `No other publication that I am aware of brings together views from such diverse disciplines, contributing to a comprehensive statement about early childhood literacy. The Handbook not only reviews the current field of situated literacy but presents some important and exciting new research. It is a significant resource which promises to become a landmark text′ - Eve Bearne, University of Cambridge, Faculty of Education `This Handbook brings together an astonishing array of writers who explore contemporary political, cultural and cognitive understandings of early childhood literacy. Literacy and literacy acquisition are broadly defined here to encompass not just traditional notions of reading and writing, but multimodalities, multiliteracies, and critical literacies... It is rich and comprehensive, an invaluable resource for scholars, educators, and students of early childhood literacy′ - Elsa Auerbach, Professor of English, University of Massachusetts, Boston `This book is unique in its broad consideration of topics and its global focus... I particularly appreciate how the Editors have situated current research in an historical context. They have also included development issues, pedagogy, research, and the newest areas of interest - critical literacy and popular culture′ - Diane Barone, University of Nevada, Reno `The editors and their contributors place a strong emphasis on literacy as a social practice that occurs outside school settings. This broad interpretation is a healthy counter-blast to the current political views and legislation in many developed countries and should be welcomed by practitioners. Another very welcome dimension is the ′can do′ approach that celebrates young children′s literacy achievements... This is an informative and insightful text for researchers and students to dip into and think about for some years to come′ - Marian Whithead writing in Nursery World `An inspired and stimulating read aimed at researchers, academics, professionals and students in the fields of early years education and research and early childhood literacy. It will also be of interest to those working in other disciplines such as cultural studies and sociology. I think this collection of work by the range of authors, some of which are the most distinguished and renowned in the field, not only represents real value for money but also makes an essential, in-depth, perceptive and invaluable contribution to this relatively new and dynamic field. It offers some cutting edge, contemporary and exciting material combined with well founded wisdom and indeed, excellent sources for further reading′ - British Journal of Educational Studies In recent years there has been a virtual revolution in early childhood studies, with a mass of books and papers seeking to re-examine and reposition childhood. At the same time an equally significant area has developed within literacy studies, reflecting a growing interest in the nature of literacy as a socially situated phenomenon. There is increased interest in literacy as a multimodal concept in which symbolic meaning is a central concept, rather than more conventional and narrower notions of literacy. The Handbook of Early Childhood Literacy is central in providing access to all these different perspectives. The Handbook offers a way through the vast diversity of publications on early childhood literacy by providing comprehensive and up-to-date reviews of research and thinking in early childhood literacy. The arrangement of chapters reflects a contemporary perspective on research into early childhood literacy. Major sections include: the global world of early childhood literacy; childhood literacy and family, community and culture; the development of literacy in early childhood; pedagogy and early childhood literacy and researching early childhood literacy. Contributions by leading authorities focus on literacy as a socially situated and global experience, one that is evolving in relation to changes in contemporary culture and technological innovation.

The Developing Child in the 21st Century

A global perspective on child development

Author: Sandra Smidt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135048479

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 4103

Offering a sociocultural approach to education and learning, this fascinating exploration of childhood provides an in-depth understanding of how children make sense of the world and the people in it. Examining the ways in which children express their thoughts, feelings and actively generate meaning through experience and interaction, this fully revised and updated new edition is illustrated throughout by extensive case studies and covers a diverse range of topics, including: socio-historical and global child development over time and place; the child as meaning-maker and active learner; learning in the context of family, culture, group, society; representing and re-representing the world; understanding roles, identity, race and gender; making sense of science and technology; the implications of neuroscience. Taking a clearly articulated and engaging perspective, Sandra Smidt draws upon multiple sources and ideas to illustrate many of the facets of the developing child in a contemporary context. She depicts children as symbol users, role-players, investigators and creative thinkers, and follows children's progress in forming their understanding of their environment, asking questions about it, and expressing it through music, dance, art and constructive play. Highly accessible, and with points for reflection concluding each chapter, The Developing Child is essential reading for teachers, lecturers and students taking courses in early childhood, psychology or sociology.

Handbook of Education Policy Research

Author: Gary Sykes,Barbara Schneider,David N. Plank

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113585646X

Category: Education

Page: 1064

View: 5020

Co-published by Routledge for the American Educational Research Association (AERA) Educational policy continues to be of major concern. Policy debates about economic growth and national competitiveness, for example, commonly focus on the importance of human capital and a highly educated workforce. Defining the theoretical boundaries and methodological approaches of education policy research are the two primary themes of this comprehensive, AERA-sponsored Handbook. Organized into seven sections, the Handbook focuses on (1) disciplinary foundations of educational policy, (2) methodological perspectives, (3) the policy process, (4) resources, management, and organization, (5) teaching and learning policy, (6) actors and institutions, and (7) education access and differentiation. Drawing from multiple disciplines, the Handbook’s over one hundred authors address three central questions: What policy issues and questions have oriented current policy research? What research strategies and methods have proven most fruitful? And what issues, questions, and methods will drive future policy research? Topics such as early childhood education, school choice, access to higher education, teacher accountability, and testing and measurement cut across the 63 chapters in the volume. The politics surrounding these and other issues are objectively analyzed by authors and commentators. Each of the seven sections concludes with two commentaries by leading scholars in the field. The first considers the current state of policy design, and the second addresses the current state of policy research. This book is appropriate for scholars and graduate students working in the field of education policy and for the growing number of academic, government, and think-tank researchers engaged in policy research. For more information on the American Educational Research Association, please visit: http://www.aera.net/.

Human Growth and Development

Author: Chris Beckett,Hilary Taylor

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446248208

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 5605

Human Growth and Development, Second Edition is a bestselling introduction to emotional, psychological, intellectual and social development throughout the lifespan. Written for students training in fields such as Social Work, Healthcare and Education, the book covers topics which are central to understanding people whether they are clients, service users, patients or pupils. Each chapter outlines theories that explain development at different stages of life and the transitions we make between childhood, adolesence, adulthood and old age. For this second edition, a new chapter has been added (Chapter 10: It Takes a Village: the Sociological Perspective) exploring the wider social factors which influence human growth and development. Activities are provided within each chapter to help student test theoretical concepts against their own experience and intuitions. Combining theoretical concepts and reflective learning, Human Growth & Development, second edition is the ideal introduction to psychosocial development for students on a wide range of professional courses.

Books and Periodicals Online

A Guide to Publication Contents of Business and Legal Databases

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business

Page: N.A

View: 3357