Soft Power

The Means To Success In World Politics

Author: Nye Jr.

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0786738960

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 7440

Joseph Nye coined the term "soft power" in the late 1980s. It is now used frequently—and often incorrectly—by political leaders, editorial writers, and academics around the world. So what is soft power? Soft power lies in the ability to attract and persuade. Whereas hard power—the ability to coerce—grows out of a country's military or economic might, soft power arises from the attractiveness of a country's culture, political ideals, and policies. Hard power remains crucial in a world of states trying to guard their independence and of non-state groups willing to turn to violence. It forms the core of the Bush administration's new national security strategy. But according to Nye, the neo-conservatives who advise the president are making a major miscalculation: They focus too heavily on using America's military power to force other nations to do our will, and they pay too little heed to our soft power. It is soft power that will help prevent terrorists from recruiting supporters from among the moderate majority. And it is soft power that will help us deal with critical global issues that require multilateral cooperation among states. That is why it is so essential that America better understands and applies our soft power. This book is our guide.

Soft Power

China's Emerging Strategy in International Politics

Author: Mingjiang Li

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739133799

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 819

Soft power has become a very popular concept in international affairs, appearing in government policy papers, academic discussions, and the popular media. In China, soft power has become one of the most frequently used phrases among political leaders, leading academics, and journalists. Defined against hard power, which often involves threat and coercion, soft power applies attraction, persuasion, and cooperation, finding its sources in culture, political values, and foreign policies. China, rich in culture and traditional philosophy, boasts abundant sources of soft power. Soft Power attempts to analyze the domestic and international views of China's soft power, the main strengths and weaknesses of China's soft power, and the application of soft power in China's international politics. It provides a comprehensive exploration of the soft power dimension in China's foreign relations by integrating views from various disciplines, such as history, education, culture, political economy, comparative politics, and philosophy. The book argues that soft power has become a very popular concept in China, that China is contemplating and exploring an innovative strategy in its rise and international politics, and that there have been quite a few notable elements of this in China's diplomatic practice, including softer rhetoric, promotion of the Chinese culture abroad, economic diplomacy, and image building. The book also argues that the limitations of China's soft power primarily stem from political values and China's own transitions, and reflects the reality that views and opinions regarding China's soft power are fairly diverse both in China and in the international arena.

The Rhetoric of Soft Power

Public Diplomacy in Global Contexts

Author: Craig Hayden

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739142585

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 300

View: 612

The book explores the notion of soft power as set of theoretical arguments about power, and as a reflection of how each country perceives what is an increasingly necessary perspective on international relations in an age of ubiquitous global communication flows and encroaching networks of non-state actors. Soft power is discussed a means by which public diplomacy is justified and in the process, reflects arguments for how each state sees what is possible through soft power.

Konzepte von Soft Power

Author: Klas Roggenkamp

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640202414

Category:

Page: 44

View: 2605

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2000 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Frieden und Konflikte, Sicherheit, Note: 1,7, Freie Universitat Berlin (Otto-Suhr-Institut), Veranstaltung: Militar- und Sicherheitspolitik im technologischen Wandel., 7 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: Soft Power funktioniert nicht wie die traditionelle Hard Power uber Zwang und Gewalt sondern mittels Transmission von Informationen, von Ideen, von Werten und Normen. Das Konzept der Soft Power soll den sich verandernden Strukturen Rechnung tragen, es ist auf diese ausgerichtet., Abstract: Machtentwicklungen Macht im hier betrachteten Verstandnis ist primar ausgerichtet auf zwischenstaatliche Beziehungen. Dabei sind im Prinzip nur wenige Staaten wirklich in der Lage, international Einfluss zu erlangen. Dieser Einfluss basiert auf Moglichkeiten, anderen zu drohen oder diese mit militarischen Mitteln zu kontrollieren. Internationale Politik aus diesem Blickwinkel lasst nur Staaten als Akteure zu, da allein diese uber militarisches Potenzial verfugen, also in der Lage sind, notfalls ihre Ziele oder Ideale zu verteidigen bzw. durchzusetzen.

Chinese Soft Power and Its Implications for the United States

Competition and Cooperation in the Developing World : a Report of the CSIS Smart Power Initiative

Author: Carola McGiffert

Publisher: CSIS

ISBN: 9780892065585

Category: History

Page: 129

View: 9902

China has been pursuing its national interests recently through the exercise of “soft power,” as it projects a nonconfrontational face to the developing world. It is China's rapid economic expansion—and the country's need for natural resources, export markets, and political influence—that has led it to step up its engagement with developing countries in Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America.Extensive debate is ongoing in China regarding the source of the country's soft power and its reasons for utilizing it. It currently lacks a coordinated national soft-power strategy and views its soft power as defensive and largely reactive, a point of view intended to allay fears in other states of a Chinese threat. In the United States, also, debate is taking place about whether China's soft-power projection represents healthy competition or a strategic threat.Engaging China successfully on critical global issues such as climate change, energy, and security requires an accurate assessment of Chinese policy, exigencies, and progress in these issue areas. This new report from the CSIS Smart Power Initiative seeks to provide such an assessment, offering a multifaceted view of China's use of smart power and its implications for the United States.

Soft Power und Militär

Eine Untersuchung zum Afghanistan-Einsatz der Bundeswehr

Author: Kersten, Jan

Publisher: Universitätsverlag Potsdam

ISBN: 3869562633

Category:

Page: 107

View: 8640

China's Soft Power and International Relations

Author: Hongyi Lai,Yiyi Lu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136331085

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 8943

China’s soft power has attracted considerable attention in the recent decade. In this volume scholars from the U.K., Europe, the U.S., Singapore, Australia, Hong Kong and mainland China, including a number of well established and well known analysts on China, examine main areas where China has made noticeable advances in its appeal and influence. They include China’s foreign policy discourse, international communication, cultural diplomacy, and foreign assistance. In addition, Chinese concept of soft power, foreign policy strategy, and the relationship between its international standing and that of the U.S. are also closely analysed. The volume covers some of the most recent development and assesses China’s soft power critically. This book offers an assessment of China’s efforts to cultivate its international image, as well as a critique of Nye’s theory of soft power. It draws on case studies of the Chinese diplomatic practice and utilizes world opinion polls. This volume offers a theoretical and empirical perspective on the discussion on soft power with a particular focus on China’s soft power.

Soft Power Superpowers

Author: Yasushi Watanabe,David L McConnell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317459644

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 328

View: 2376

The term "soft power" describes a country's ability to get what it wants by attracting rather than coercing others - by engaging hearts and minds through cultural and political values and foreign policies that other countries see as legitimate and conducive to their own interests.This book analyzes the soft power assets of the United States and Japan, and how they contributed to one of the most successful, if unlikely, bilateral relationships of the twentieth century. Sponsored by the U.S. Social Science Research Council and the Japan Foundation's Center for Global Partnership, the book brings together anthropologists, political scientists, historians, economists, diplomats, and others to explore the multiple axes of soft power that operate in the U.S.-Japanese relationship, and between the United States and Japan and other regions of the world.The contributors move beyond an "either-or" concept of hard versus soft power to a more dynamic interpretation, and demonstrate the important role of non-state actors in wielding soft power. They show how public diplomacy on both sides of the Pacific - bolstered by less formal influences such as popular cultural icons, product brands, martial arts, baseball, and educational exchanges - has led to a vibrant U.S.-Japanese relationship since World War II despite formidable challenges. Emphasizing the essentially interactive nature of persuasion, the book highlights an approach to soft power that has many implications for the world today.

Soft Power and US Foreign Policy

Theoretical, Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

Author: Inderjeet Parmar,Michael Cox

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135150486

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6117

Soft power is the use of attraction and persuasion rather than the use of coercion or force in foreign policy. This volume features a brand new chapter by Joseph Nye outlining his views on soft, hard and smart power and offers a critique of the Bush administration’s inadequacies. The other contributions to the volume respond to Nye's views from a range of theoretical, historical and policy perspectives giving new insights in to both soft power and the concept of power itself.

India’s Soft Power

A New Foreign Policy Strategy

Author: Patryk Kugiel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135198716X

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 946

It is sometimes said that, in the 21st century, the country that tells the better story wins, rather than the country whose army can prevail on the battlefield. That ability to attract others, persuade and set the agenda, soft power, plays an increasingly important role in international relations and in Indian foreign policy. However, while most of the rediscovered interest in India has been focused on its hard power attributes, such as its military and economy, this book concentrates on less tangible assets, such as its culture, ideas and people. The first comprehensive analysis of India’s soft power done from an international relations perspective, this book tracks the changes in Indian foreign policy over last two decades to show how soft power strategy, tools and institutions have been given a more prominent place in India’s external affairs. The study evaluates India’s soft power assets and liabilities and shows how the state is trying to make better use of this potential to realise its national interests. It assesses the effectiveness of India’s soft power approach and provides recommendations on possible improvements to make India a major smart power in the future. An intriguing and comprehensive analysis, it will be valuable for students and scholars interested in Indian foreign policy, soft power theory and international relations. Underlining India’s uniqueness, it substantiates the argument that soft power is not confined to the Western world. Thus, it contributes an interesting case study for comparative study of soft powers.

The New Public Diplomacy

Soft Power in International Relations

Author: J. Melissen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230554938

Category: Political Science

Page: 221

View: 1326

After 9/11, which triggered a global debate on public diplomacy, 'PD' has become an issue in most countries. This book joins the debate. Experts from different countries and from a variety of fields analyze the theory and practice of public diplomacy. They also evaluate how public diplomacy can be successfully used to support foreign policy.

Religious Transnational Actors and Soft Power

Author: Jeffrey Haynes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131706691X

Category: Religion

Page: 184

View: 9966

Haynes looks at religious transnational actors in the context of international relations, with a focus on both security and order. With renewed scholarly interest in the involvement of religion in international relations, many observers and scholars have found this move unexpected because it challenges conventional wisdom about the nature and long-term historical impact of secularisation. The 'return' of religion to international relations necessarily involves deprivatisation. Recent challenges to international security and order emanate from various entities, notably 'extremists', people often said to be 'excluded' from the benefits of globalisation for reasons of culture, history and geography. This study looks at the dynamics of this new religious pluralism as it influences the global political landscape. Several specific transnational religious actors are examined in the chapters including: American Evangelical Protestants, Roman Catholics, the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, Sunni extremist groups (al Qaeda and Lashkar-e-Taiba), and Shia transnational networks. While varying widely in what they seek to achieve, they also share an important characteristic: each seeks to use religious soft power to advance their interests. In sum, these religious transnational actors all wish to see the spread and development of certain values and norms, which impact on international security and order.

The Routledge Handbook of Soft Power

Author: Naren Chitty,Li Ji,Gary D. Rawnsley,Craig Hayden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131736936X

Category: Political Science

Page: 488

View: 3731

The Routledge Handbook of Soft Power is the first volume to offer a comprehensive and detailed picture of soft power and associated forms of public diplomacy. The terms soft power and public diplomacy have enormous currency in media and policy discourse, yet despite all the attention the terms remain conceptually ambiguous for analysts of international influence. The consequence is that the terms have survived as powerful, yet criticized, frames for influence. Divided into two main parts, Part I outlines theoretical problems, methodological questions, the cultural imperative and the technological turn within the study of soft power and Part II focuses on bringing the theory into practice through detailed discussion of key case studies from across the Americas, Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia. This innovative handbook provides a definitive resource for students and scholars seeking to familiarize themselves with cutting-edge debates and future research on soft power and will be of interest to those studying and researching in areas such as international relations, public diplomacy and international communication.

Soft Power und Religion

Der Heilige Stuhl in den internationalen Beziehungen

Author: Andreas Sommeregger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531941704

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 9268

Spätestens seit dem Pontifikat von Johannes Paul II. ist die Bedeutung des Heiligen Stuhls für die internationalen Beziehungen offenkundig. Der Heilige Stuhl wendet ihm eigene Instrumente an, um seine normativen Vorstellungen in konkrete Politik umsetzen zu können. Andreas Sommeregger analysiert mit Hilfe seiner Soft-Power-Checkliste das Handeln des Heiligen Stuhls an Fallbeispielen. Weitere Themen sind dabei das weltweite Netzwerk der katholischen Kirche sowie das Starpotential und die Inszenierung des Papstes.

Diplomatenrecht als Soft Power des Heiligen Stuhls

Rolle und Einfluss der Apostolischen Nuntien als Doyens

Author: Alexander G. Flierl

Publisher: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 3828870724

Category: Law

Page: 278

View: 7564

In ihrer Eigenschaft als diplomatische Vertreter des Heiligen Stuhls genießen die Apostolischen Nuntien ein außerordentliches völkerrechtliches Privileg: Gemäß Wiener Diplomatenrechtskonvention steht es den Empfangsstaaten frei, die Päpstlichen Gesandten gegenüber allen übrigen Botschaftern bevorzugt zu behandeln und sie kraft Gesetzes zum Oberhaupt des Diplomatischen Corps – zum sog. Doyen – zu ernennen. Diese häufig angewandte Sonderregelung trägt zur global wirkenden Soft Power des Heiligen Stuhls bei und fügt sich in dessen Strategie einer subtilen Form moderner Machtausübung ein. Vor diesem Hintergrund macht es sich die vorliegende Arbeit zur Aufgabe, den Vorrang der Apostolischen Nuntien aus rechtsgeschichtlicher, völkerrechtlicher und kanonischer Perspektive zu beleuchten, seine Wirkungsweise im System der internationalen diplomatischen Beziehungen zu erörtern und seinen Einfluss auf die weltpolitische Bedeutung des Heiligen Stuhls – insbesondere im Rahmen seiner Friedenspolitik – zu analysieren. Dabei kommt auch der derzeitige Doyen des Diplomatischen Corps bei der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Erzbischof Dr. Nikola Eterović, in einem Exklusivinterview zu Wort. Das Werk bietet einen umfassenden Überblick an der wichtigen Schnittstelle zwischen Völkerrecht, Politik und Religion.

The Soft Power of War

Author: Lilie Chouliaraki

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027222336

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 147

View: 5381

This book, which was originally published as a Special Issue of Journal of Language & Politics 4:1 (2005), takes the war in Iraq as an exemplary case through which to demonstrate the changing nature of contemporary power. The book convincingly argues that the effective study of international politics depends today upon our understanding of the interplay between hard (military, economic) and soft (symbolic) power. One might say, between the politics of territory, guns or money and the language of narrating the world in coherent and persuasive stories. Bringing together different strands of discourse analysis with social, historical and, to an extent, political analysis, all contributions seek to illustrate the ways in which a variety of public genres, from political speeches to computer games and from educational material to newspaper reports, produce influential knowledge about the war and shape the ethical and political premises upon which the legitimacy of this war and a 'vision' of the emergent world order rests.

Research Outline for China’s Cultural Soft Power

Author: Guozuo Zhang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811033986

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 128

View: 4229

This is the first theoretical book on Chinese Cultural Soft Power. It focuses on the inner logical relations between Chinese cultural soft power and the realization of the China Dream, while also offering detailed explanations of the scope of and essential questions concerning Chinese cultural soft power. The book is divided into six parts, which, taken together, concisely yet thoroughly examine the theoretical roots of soft power and the current status of China’s soft power as illustrated in concrete cases. On this basis, the author subsequently draws a cautious overall conclusion on the development of China’s soft power.

Hard Power and Soft Power

The Utility of Military Force as an Instrument of Policy in the 21st Century

Author: Colin S. Gray

Publisher: Strategic Studies Institute

ISBN: 1584874864

Category: Civil-military relations

Page: 59

View: 9586

Introduction : rust on the mailed fist? -- 11 propositions -- Conclusion.

Hard Power, Soft Power and the Future of Transatlantic Relations

Author: Thomas L. Ilgen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317123751

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 8760

The dynamics of transatlantic relations in the twenty-first century have been shaped by an American preference for the exercise of its considerable 'hard power' capabilities while Europeans have preferred to draw upon the considerable 'soft power' resources that have grown from their enviable internal processes of integration. These diverging power preferences have differential impacts on the management of Atlantic security, economic, and social and cultural relations. The contributors, long-time observers and analysts of the Atlantic partnership, debate how problematic security relations are likely to continue to be, discuss how successfully economic affairs will be managed, and examine the continuing frictions in domestic politics of social and cultural matters that should be manageable if both European and American leaders work actively and responsibly to encourage policy convergence.

Soft Power in China

Public Diplomacy through Communication

Author: J. Wang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023011637X

Category: Political Science

Page: 219

View: 4376

This book is about how China strives to rebuild its soft power through communication. It recounts China's efforts by examining a set of public diplomacy tactics and programs in its pursuit of a 'new' and 'improved' global image. These case studies invites the reader to a more expansive discussion on the instruments of soft power.