Author: Stephen Connelly
Publisher: CRC Press
Against jurisprudential reductions of Spinoza’s thinking to a kind of eccentric version of Hobbes, this book argues that Spinoza’s theory of natural right contains an important idea of absolute freedom, which would be inconceivable within Hobbes’ own schema. Spinoza famously thought that the universe and all of the beings and events within it are fully determined by their causes. This has led jurisprudential commentators to believe that Spinoza has no room for natural right – in the sense that whatever happens by definition has a ‘right’ to happen. But, although this book demonstrates how Spinoza constructs a system in which right is understood as the work of machines, by fixing right as determinate and invariable, Stephen Connolly argues that Spinoza is not limiting his theory. The universe as a whole is capable of acting only in determinate ways but, he argues, for Spinoza these exist within a field of infinite possibilities. In an analysis that offers much to ongoing attempts to conceive of justice post-foundationally, the argument of this book is that Spinoza opens up right to a future of determinate interventions –as when an engineer, working with already-existing materials, improves a machine. As such, an idea of freedom emerges in Spinoza: as the artful rearrangement of the given into new possibilities. An exciting and original contribution, this book is an invaluable addition, both to the new wave of interest in Spinoza’s philosophy, and to contemporary legal and political theory.
Spinoza’s Vital Republicanism and the Democratic Power of Judgment
Author: Christopher Skeaff
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
In this pathbreaking work, Christopher Skeaff argues that a profoundly democratic conception of judgment is at the heart of Spinoza’s thought. Bridging Continental and Anglo-American scholarship, critical theory, and Spinoza studies, Becoming Political offers a historically sensitive, meticulous, and creative interpretation of Spinoza’s texts that reveals judgment as the communal element by which people generate power to resist domination and reconfigure the terms of their political association. If, for Spinoza, judging is the activity which makes a people powerful, it is because it enables them to contest the project of ruling and demonstrate the political possibility of being equally free to articulate the terms of their association. This proposition differs from a predominant contemporary line of argument that treats the people’s judgment as a vehicle of sovereignty—a means of defining and refining the common will. By recuperating in Spinoza’s thought a “vital republicanism,” Skeaff illuminates a line of political thinking that decouples democracy from the majoritarian aspiration to rule and aligns it instead with the project of becoming free and equal judges of common affairs. As such, this decoupling raises questions that ordinarily go unasked: what calls for political judgment, and who is to judge? In Spinoza’s vital republicanism, the political potential of life and law finds an affirmative relationship that signals the way toward a new constitutionalism and jurisprudence of the common.
Author: Andre Santos Campos
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
Spinoza is among the most pivotal thinkers in the history of philosophy. He has had a deep and enduring influence on a wide range of philosophical subjects, and his work is encountered by all serious students of Western philosophy. His Ethics is one of the seminal works of metaphysical, moral, religious and political thought; his Theological-Political Treatise inaugurated a novel method of biblical exegesis; and both his political works developed the pre-eminence of democracy above all other regimes. Nevertheless, the significance of Spinoza's philosophy is matched by its complexity. His system presents a considerable challenge for the modern student; his language is frequently opaque, while the esoteric themes explored in his work often require elucidation. Spinoza: Basic Concepts intends to overcome most of such difficulties. Each essay in this collection explores a key concept involved in Spinoza’s thinking, relating it to his understanding of philosophy, outlining the arguments and explaining the implications of each concept. Together, the chapters cover the full range of Spinoza's interdisciplinary system of philosophy.
Author: Beth Lord
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
This book of 10 engaging and original essays brings Spinoza outside the realm of academic philosophy, and presents him as a thinker who is relevant to contemporary problems and questions across a variety of disciplines.
Author: Benedictus de Spinoza,William MACCALL (Unitarian Minister.)
Category: Political science
Author: Hasana Sharp
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
There have been many Spinozas over the centuries: atheist, romantic pantheist, great thinker of the multitude, advocate of the liberated individual, and rigorous rationalist. The common thread connecting all of these clashing perspectives is Spinoza’s naturalism, the idea that humanity is part of nature, not above it. In this sophisticated new interpretation of Spinoza’s iconoclastic philosophy, Hasana Sharp draws on his uncompromising naturalism to rethink human agency, ethics, and political practice. Sharp uses Spinoza to outline a practical wisdom of “renaturalization,” showing how ideas, actions, and institutions are never merely products of human intention or design, but outcomes of the complex relationships among natural forces beyond our control. This lack of a metaphysical or moral division between humanity and the rest of nature, Sharp contends, can provide the basis for an ethical and political practice free from the tendency to view ourselves as either gods or beasts. Sharp’s groundbreaking argument critically engages with important contemporary thinkers—including deep ecologists, feminists, and race and critical theorists—making Spinoza and the Politics of Renaturalization vital for a wide range of scholars.
Deduktive Folgerungen aus dem Gedanken des Ineinsfalls von Gott und Natur
Author: Baruch Spinoza
Publisher: Musaicum Books
Dieses eBook wurde mit einem funktionalen Layout erstellt und sorgfältig formatiert. Die Ausgabe von Spinoza's Ethik ist mit interaktiven Inhalt und Begleitinformationen versehen, einfach zu navigieren und gut gegliedert. Das erste Buch hat das Problem des Wesens Gottes zum Thema. Spinoza versucht das wahre Wesen Gottes darzulegen. Für ihn ist Gott nicht anthropomorph zu verstehen, d.h. als ein Wesen, das denken, wollen oder gar Gefühle haben könnte. Außerdem ist Gott nicht als eine Instanz zu verstehen, die die Welt durch ein fiat geschaffen hätte. Das zweite Buch ist dem Wesen und dem Ursprung des Geistes gewidmet. Hier beginnt er mit Definitionen der Begriffe Körper, Geist, Idee, Realität. Das dritte Buch: Über den Ursprung und Wesen der Affekte. Hier entwickelt Spinoza seine Psychologie der Emotionen. Er definiert am Anfang die Begriffe Handeln, Leiden und Affekt. Das vierte Buch: Über die Abhängigkeit von den Kräften der Affekte. Hier eröffnen sich die eigentlichen ethischen Annahmen Spinozas im Sinne einer angewandten Psychologie. Zunächst zeigt Spinoza die unumgehbaren Schranken, die dem Menschen durch seine psychische Affekte auferlegt sind. Streben nach Wahrheit ist nichts anderes als ein Selbsterhaltungsdrang des Geistes. Das fünfte Buch: Von der Macht der Vernunft und der menschlichen Freiheit. Die wahre Macht der Vernunft ist ein sich Einlassen auf die göttliche Notwendigkeit des Seins der Dinge. Erkennen ist Freiheit, Tugend und Glückseligkeit. Baruch de Spinoza (1632-1677) war ein niederländischer Philosoph. Er wird dem Rationalismus zugeordnet und gilt als einer der Begründer der modernen Bibelkritik sowie Religionskritik.
Author: Etienne Balibar
Spinoza is arguably one of the most important political philosophers of the modern era. Etienne Balibar presents a synoptic account of Spinoza's major works, admirably demonstrating relevance to his contemporary political life. Balibar carefully situates Spinoza's major treatises in the period in which they were written.
An Interpretation of Spinoza's Political Philosophy
Author: Douglas J. Den Uyl
Publisher: Van Gorcum Limited
Schelling, Hölderlin and Hegel and the Crisis of Early German Idealism
Author: Franz Gabriel Nauen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
In this study I will present the intellectual development of Schelling, Holderlin and Hegel during their formative years. Because of their similar social origins, the early thought of these young Swabians, during the 1790's, should be treated as a unit. Their experience as roommates at the Stift in Tiibingen and their close intellectual fellowship throughout the nineties made each extremely responsive to the others ideas. As mem bers of the political elite in Wiirttemberg, their intellectual assumptions were profoundly affected by the crisis of Wiirttemberg and German political society and by the events of the French Revolution in a way ex plicable only in the light of their Swabian heritage. So, for example, seen in the context of HOlderlin's and Schelling's thinking, the genesis of Hegel's earliest mature philosophical assumptions appears to be not so much an event in the history of philosophy as a specific solution to the problems raised by the crisis of his society. The crucial role of Holderlin in the history of German Idealism should also become apparent as a result of this study. For reasons developed in the following, Holderlin's thinking bridged the gap not only between Kantianism and the new philosophy, which was to come to fruition in Hegel's mature thought, but also between the republican and the natio nalist phase in the history of German political thought.
Author: Gail Belaief
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Author: Antonio Negri
In Subversive Spinoza, Antonio Negri spells out the philosophical credo that inspired his radical renewal of Marxism and his compelling analysis of the modern state and the global economy by means of an inspiring reading of the challenging metaphysics of the seventeenth-century Dutch-Jewish philosopher Spinoza. For Negri, Spinoza's philosophy has never been more relevant than it is today to debates over individuality and community, democracy and resistance, and modernity and postmodernity. This collection of essays extends, clarifies and revises the argument of Negri's influential 1981 book The Savage Anomaly: The Power of Spinoza's Metaphysics and Politics and links it directly to his recent work on constituent power, time and empire.
Author: Robert Schnepf,Ursula Renz
Grundzüge einer modernen Weltanschauung - seelische Beobachtungsresultate nach naturwissenschaftlicher Methode: die Vorbereitung der Anthroposophie
Author: Rudolf Steiner
Publisher: Musaicum Books
Diese Ausgabe von "Die Philosophie der Freiheit" wurde mit einem funktionalen Layout erstellt und sorgfältig formatiert. Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (1861 - 1925) war ein österreichischer Esoteriker und Philosoph. Er begründete die Anthroposophie, eine esoterische Weltanschauung, die an die Theosophie, das Rosenkreuzertum, die Gnosis sowie die idealistische Philosophie anschließt und zu den neumystischen Einheitskonzeptionen der Zeit um 1900 gezählt wird. Auf Grundlage dieser Lehre gab Steiner einflussreiche Anregungen für verschiedene Lebensbereiche, etwa Pädagogik (Waldorfpädagogik), Kunst (Eurythmie, anthroposophische Architektur), Medizin (anthroposophische Medizin), Religion (die Christengemeinschaft) oder Landwirtschaft (biologisch-dynamische Landwirtschaft). Inhalt: Vorrede zur Neuausgabe 1918 Wissenschaft der Freiheit I. Das bewußte menschliche Handeln II. Der Grundtrieb zur Wissenschaft III. Das Denken im Dienste der Weltauffassung IV. Die Welt als Wahrnehmung V. Das Erkennen der Welt VI. Die menschliche Individualität VII. Gibt es Grenzen des Erkennens? Die Wirklichkeit der Freiheit VIII. Die Faktoren des Lebens IX. Die Idee der Freiheit X. Freiheitsphilosophie und Monismus XI. Weltzweck und Lebenszweck (Bestimmung des Menschen) XII. Die moralische Phantasie (Darwinismus und Sittlichkeit) XIII. Der Wert des Lebens (Pessimismus und Optimismus) XIV. Iindividualität und Gattung Die Konsequenzen des Monismus Erster Anhang (Zusatz zur Neuausgabe 1918) Zweiter Anhang
The First Amendment Freedoms in Political Philosophy and American Constitutionalism
Author: Murray Dry
Publisher: Lexington Books
Dry examines the U.S. Supreme Court's treatment of the First Amendment freedoms of religion and speech against the founding of the American Constitution and its philosophical underpinnings.
Author: David Masson,Sir George Grove,John Morley,Mowbray Morris
Studies on Freedom, Right, and Ethics in Classical German Philosophy
Author: Allen W. Wood
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The Free Development of Each collects twelve essays on the history of German philosophy by Allen W. Wood, one of the leading scholars in the field. They explore moral philosophy, politics, society, and history in the works of Kant, Herder, Fichte, Hegel, and Marx, and share the basic theme of freedom, as it appears in morality and in politics. All of the essays have been re-edited and revised for this collection, and five are previously unpublished. They are accompanied by an Introduction which sets out the central, philosophical viewpoint of the volume, and a comprehensive bibliography.
Author: Wayne I. Boucher
Category: Philosophy, Modern
"monumental work"- "The North American Spinoza Society Newsletter, February 1999 "The sheer volume of this anthology makes it an indispensable asset to any serious scholar of Spinozism. Certainly no academic library can do without it. The quality of the material gathered here is extremely impressive. To the professional scholar of early modern philosophy many of the criticisms it contains may well look superficial and outworn, but even the best-informed experts will find much in it that will surprise and delight." - Wipe van Bunge Benedict Spinoza (1632-77), Dutch metaphysician, psychologist, moral philosopher and philosopher of religion, is one of the most important figures of seventeenth-century rationalism. He is among the illustrious group of hugely influential thinkers of that time who were mathematicians and scientists as well as philosophers, a group that included Descartes, Leibniz and Hobbes. His thought has been continually reinterpreted and he influenced such people as Goethe, Lessing, Nietzsche, Shelley, George Eliot, Wordsworth, Bertrand Russell, Freud and Einstein. This unprecedented collection brings together some 150 historically and philosophically important discussions of Spinoza published in English in the two centuries following his death. The authoritative bibliography - Boucher's "Spinoza in English: A Bibliography from the Seventeenth Century to the Present - cites a total of only about 300 publications from this period. Thus this collection gathers half of all materials so far identified and represents by far the most significant and interesting contributions. Internally cross-referenced, with an introduction, notes and full subject and nameindex, this essential collection also features an index of citations to the Ethics, by t
Author: Jonathan Bennett,Jonathan Francis Bennett
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
Expounds, compares, and criticises Spinoza's theses.