Statistical Multisource-multitarget Information Fusion

Author: Ronald P. S. Mahler

Publisher: Artech House Publishers

ISBN: 9781596930926

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 856

View: 4186

This comprehensive resource provides practitioners with an in-depth understanding of finite-set statistics (FISST)--a recently developed method that has been gaining much attention among professionals because it unifies information fusion, utilizing statistics that most engineers learn as undergraduates.

Advances in Statistical Multisource-Multitarget Information Fusion

Author: Ronald P.S. Mahler

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608077985

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1174

View: 5110

This is the sequel to the 2007 Artech House bestselling title, Statistical Multisource-Multitarget Information Fusion. That earlier book was a comprehensive resource for an in-depth understanding of finite-set statistics (FISST), a unified, systematic, and Bayesian approach to information fusion. The cardinalized probability hypothesis density (CPHD) filter, which was first systematically described in the earlier book, has since become a standard multitarget detection and tracking technique, especially in research and development. Since 2007, FISST has inspired a considerable amount of research, conducted in more than a dozen nations, and reported in nearly a thousand publications. This sequel addresses the most intriguing practical and theoretical advances in FISST, for the first time aggregating and systematizing them into a coherent, integrated, and deep-dive picture. Special emphasis is given to computationally fast exact closed-form implementation approaches. The book also includes the first complete and systematic description of RFS-based sensor/platform management and situation assessment.

Particle Filters for Random Set Models

Author: Branko Ristic

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461463165

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 174

View: 5783

This book discusses state estimation of stochastic dynamic systems from noisy measurements, specifically sequential Bayesian estimation and nonlinear or stochastic filtering. The class of solutions presented in this book is based on the Monte Carlo statistical method. Although the resulting algorithms, known as particle filters, have been around for more than a decade, the recent theoretical developments of sequential Bayesian estimation in the framework of random set theory have provided new opportunities which are not widely known and are covered in this book. This book is ideal for graduate students, researchers, scientists and engineers interested in Bayesian estimation.

Distributed Data Fusion for Network-Centric Operations

Author: David Hall,Chee-Yee Chong,James Llinas,Martin Liggins II

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439860335

Category: Computers

Page: 498

View: 4853

With the recent proliferation of service-oriented architectures (SOA), cloud computing technologies, and distributed-interconnected systems, distributed fusion is taking on a larger role in a variety of applications—from environmental monitoring and crisis management to intelligent buildings and defense. Drawing on the work of leading experts around the world, Distributed Data Fusion for Network-Centric Operations examines the state of the art of data fusion in a distributed sensing, communications, and computing environment. Get Insight into Designing and Implementing Data Fusion in a Distributed Network Addressing the entirety of information fusion, the contributors cover everything from signal and image processing, through estimation, to situation awareness. In particular, the work offers a timely look at the issues and solutions involving fusion within a distributed network enterprise. These include critical design problems, such as how to maintain a pedigree of agents or nodes that receive information, provide their contribution to the dataset, and pass to other network components. The book also tackles dynamic data sharing within a network-centric enterprise, distributed fusion effects on state estimation, graph-theoretic methods to optimize fusion performance, human engineering factors, and computer ontologies for higher levels of situation assessment. A comprehensive introduction to this emerging field and its challenges, the book explores how data fusion can be used within grid, distributed, and cloud computing architectures. Bringing together both theoretical and applied research perspectives, this is a valuable reference for fusion researchers and practitioners. It offers guidance and insight for those working on the complex issues of designing and implementing distributed, decentralized information fusion.

Fundamentals of Object Tracking

Author: Sudha Challa

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521876281

Category: Mathematics

Page: 375

View: 9319

Introduces object tracking algorithms from a unified, recursive Bayesian perspective, along with performance bounds and illustrative examples.

Random Sets

Theory and Applications

Author: John Goutsias,Ronald P.S. Mahler,Hung T. Nguyen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461219426

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 3562

This IMA Volume in Mathematics and its Applications RANDOM SETS: THEORY AND APPLICATIONS is based on the proceedings of a very successful 1996 three-day Summer Program on "Application and Theory of Random Sets." We would like to thank the scientific organizers: John Goutsias (Johns Hopkins University), Ronald P.S. Mahler (Lockheed Martin), and Hung T. Nguyen (New Mexico State University) for their excellent work as organizers of the meeting and for editing the proceedings. We also take this opportunity to thank the Army Research Office (ARO), the Office ofNaval Research (0NR), and the Eagan, MinnesotaEngineering Center ofLockheed Martin Tactical Defense Systems, whose financial support made the summer program possible. Avner Friedman Robert Gulliver v PREFACE "Later generations will regard set theory as a disease from which one has recovered. " - Henri Poincare Random set theory was independently conceived by D.G. Kendall and G. Matheron in connection with stochastic geometry. It was however G.

Multi-Sensor Data Fusion with MATLAB®

Author: Jitendra R. Raol

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439800058

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 568

View: 9646

Using MATLAB® examples wherever possible, Multi-Sensor Data Fusion with MATLAB explores the three levels of multi-sensor data fusion (MSDF): kinematic-level fusion, including the theory of DF; fuzzy logic and decision fusion; and pixel- and feature-level image fusion. The authors elucidate DF strategies, algorithms, and performance evaluation mainly for aerospace applications, although the methods can also be applied to systems in other areas, such as biomedicine, military defense, and environmental engineering. After presenting several useful strategies and algorithms for DF and tracking performance, the book evaluates DF algorithms, software, and systems. It next covers fuzzy logic, fuzzy sets and their properties, fuzzy logic operators, fuzzy propositions/rule-based systems, an inference engine, and defuzzification methods. It develops a new MATLAB graphical user interface for evaluating fuzzy implication functions, before using fuzzy logic to estimate the unknown states of a dynamic system by processing sensor data. The book then employs principal component analysis, spatial frequency, and wavelet-based image fusion algorithms for the fusion of image data from sensors. It also presents procedures for combing tracks obtained from imaging sensor and ground-based radar. The final chapters discuss how DF is applied to mobile intelligent autonomous systems and intelligent monitoring systems. Fusing sensors’ data can lead to numerous benefits in a system’s performance. Through real-world examples and the evaluation of algorithmic results, this detailed book provides an understanding of MSDF concepts and methods from a practical point of view. Select MATLAB programs are available for download on www.crcpress.com

Multisensor Data Fusion

Author: David Hall,James Llinas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420038540

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 568

View: 5624

The emerging technology of multisensor data fusion has a wide range of applications, both in Department of Defense (DoD) areas and in the civilian arena. The techniques of multisensor data fusion draw from an equally broad range of disciplines, including artificial intelligence, pattern recognition, and statistical estimation. With the rapid evolution of computers and the maturation of data fusion technology, the door to using data fusion in everyday applications is now wide open and presenting great opportunities. The Handbook of Multisensor Data Fusion provides a unique, comprehensive, and up-to-date resource for data fusion systems designers and researchers. Divided into five parts, it: offers a thorough introduction to data fusion terminology and models describes advanced techniques for data association, target tracking, and identification presents practical information on system development, including requirements analysis, systems engineering, algorithm selection, database design, human-computer interfaces, and performance assessment introduces applications from the DoD, NASA, DARPA, and condition-based monitoring of complex machinery supplies data fusion resources and Web sites The contributing authors are all recognized leaders in data fusion and have collaborated to provide what promises to be the definitive reference for this rapidly developing field. Whether you are a researcher, system designer, implementer, or student, in the Handbook of Multisensor Data Fusion you'll find everything you need, from a basic introduction and survey of data fusion technology to advanced mathematics and theory, including very practical advice on data fusion system development and implementation.

Handbook of Multisensor Data Fusion

Theory and Practice, Second Edition

Author: Martin Liggins II,David Hall,James Llinas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351835378

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 870

View: 5799

In the years since the bestselling first edition, fusion research and applications have adapted to service-oriented architectures and pushed the boundaries of situational modeling in human behavior, expanding into fields such as chemical and biological sensing, crisis management, and intelligent buildings. Handbook of Multisensor Data Fusion: Theory and Practice, Second Edition represents the most current concepts and theory as information fusion expands into the realm of network-centric architectures. It reflects new developments in distributed and detection fusion, situation and impact awareness in complex applications, and human cognitive concepts. With contributions from the world’s leading fusion experts, this second edition expands to 31 chapters covering the fundamental theory and cutting-edge developments that are driving this field. New to the Second Edition— · Applications in electromagnetic systems and chemical and biological sensors · Army command and combat identification techniques · Techniques for automated reasoning · Advances in Kalman filtering · Fusion in a network centric environment · Service-oriented architecture concepts · Intelligent agents for improved decision making · Commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) software tools From basic information to state-of-the-art theories, this second edition continues to be a unique, comprehensive, and up-to-date resource for data fusion systems designers.

Mathematics of Data Fusion

Author: I.R. Goodman,R.P. Mahler,Hung T. Nguyen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401589291

Category: Mathematics

Page: 508

View: 2580

Data fusion or information fusion are names which have been primarily assigned to military-oriented problems. In military applications, typical data fusion problems are: multisensor, multitarget detection, object identification, tracking, threat assessment, mission assessment and mission planning, among many others. However, it is clear that the basic underlying concepts underlying such fusion procedures can often be used in nonmilitary applications as well. The purpose of this book is twofold: First, to point out present gaps in the way data fusion problems are conceptually treated. Second, to address this issue by exhibiting mathematical tools which treat combination of evidence in the presence of uncertainty in a more systematic and comprehensive way. These techniques are based essentially on two novel ideas relating to probability theory: the newly developed fields of random set theory and conditional and relational event algebra. This volume is intended to be both an update on research progress on data fusion and an introduction to potentially powerful new techniques: fuzzy logic, random set theory, and conditional and relational event algebra. Audience: This volume can be used as a reference book for researchers and practitioners in data fusion or expert systems theory, or for graduate students as text for a research seminar or graduate level course.

Handbook of Technical Writing, Tenth Edition

Author: Gerald J. Alred,Charles T. Brusaw,Walter E. Oliu

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1250004411

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 647

View: 7391

Combining guidance for writing over 40 typers of professional documents with thorough coverage of grammar, usage, and style, the Handbook of Technical Writing functions as both a writer's handbook and a complete guide to technical communication. It provides quick access to hundreds of topics and scores of sample documents and visuals. [publisher's note]

Bayesian Multiple Target Tracking, Second Edition

Author: Lawrence D. Stone,Roy L. Streit,Thomas L. Corwin,Kristine L. Bell

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608075532

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 8126

This second edition has undergone substantial revision from the 1999 first edition, recognizing that a lot has changed in the multiple target tracking field. One of the most dramatic changes is in the widespread use of particle filters to implement nonlinear, non-Gaussian Bayesian trackers. This book views multiple target tracking as a Bayesian inference problem. Within this framework it develops the theory of single target tracking, multiple target tracking, and likelihood ratio detection and tracking. In addition to providing a detailed description of a basic particle filter that implements the Bayesian single target recursion, this resource provides numerous examples that involve the use of particle filters. With these examples illustrating the developed concepts, algorithms, and approaches -- the book helps radar engineers develop tracking solutions when observations are non-linear functions of target state, when the target state distributions or measurement error distributions are not Gaussian, in low data rate and low signal to noise ratio situations, and when notions of contact and association are merged or unresolved among more than one target.

Stratagem

Deception and Surprise in War

Author: Barton Whaley

Publisher: Artech House Publishers

ISBN: 9781596931985

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 2752

Out of print and out of the hands of military professionals for years, this classic work is available once again. It offers professionals a model for studying and analyzing deception operations. Thoroughly referenced and supported with clear data tables, the case studies concentrate on goals, planning, intelligence assessments, and more.

Advances and Applications of DSmT for Information Fusion, Vol. 3

Collected Works

Author: Florentin Smarandache,Jean Dezert

Publisher: Infinite Study

ISBN: 1599730731

Category:

Page: 734

View: 6944

This volume has about 760 pages, split into 25 chapters, from 41 contributors. First part of this book presents advances of Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) which is becoming one of the most comprehensive and flexible fusion theory based on belief functions. It can work in all fusion spaces: power set, hyper-power set, and super-power set, and has various fusion and conditioning rules that can be applied depending on each application. Some new generalized rules are introduced in this volume with codes for implementing some of them. For the qualitative fusion, the DSm Field and Linear Algebra of Refined Labels (FLARL) is proposed which can convert any numerical fusion rule to a qualitative fusion rule. When one needs to work on a refined frame of discernment, the refinement is done using Smarandache¿s algebraic codification. New interpretations and implementations of the fusion rules based on sampling techniques and referee functions are proposed, including the probabilistic proportional conflict redistribution rule. A new probabilistic transformation of mass of belief is also presented which outperforms the classical pignistic transformation in term of probabilistic information content. The second part of the book presents applications of DSmT in target tracking, in satellite image fusion, in snow-avalanche risk assessment, in multi-biometric match score fusion, in assessment of an attribute information retrieved based on the sensor data or human originated information, in sensor management, in automatic goal allocation for a planetary rover, in computer-aided medical diagnosis, in multiple camera fusion for tracking objects on ground plane, in object identification, in fusion of Electronic Support Measures allegiance report, in map regenerating forest stands, etc.

Electronic Warfare Receivers and Receiving Systems

Author: Richard A. Poisel

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608078418

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 832

View: 9005

Receivers systems are considered the core of electronic warfare (EW) intercept systems. Without them, the fundamental purpose of such systems is null and void. This book considers the major elements that make up receiver systems and the receivers that go in them. This resource provides system design engineers with techniques for design and development of EW receivers for modern modulations (spread spectrum) in addition to receivers for older, common modulation formats. Each major module in these receivers is considered in detail. Design information is included as well as performance tradeoffs of various components. Major factors that influence the functioning of the modules are identified and discussed. Key performance parameters are identified as well, and approaches to achieving design goals are considered.

Modern Communications Jamming Principles and Techniques

Author: Richard Poisel

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608071669

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 895

View: 2832

This edition features a wealth of new material on urban warfare, including a computer simulation of EW architecture alternatives for land-based forces based on urban constraints. It also includes an expanded section on time-hopped spread spectrum communications, more details on modern communication system technologies such as CDMA and OFDM, and an in-depth discussion on sources of urban noise. This practical resource is focused on showing the reader how to design and build jammers specifically targeted at spread spectrum, anti-jam communications. Moreover, it gives assistance in evaluating the expected performance of jamming systems against modern communications systems, and discover the best waveform to use to counter communication systems designed to be effective in jamming environments. While mathematical derivations in general are avoided, the book presents error rate performance equations for most modern digital anti-jam communication systems

Knowledge Management in the Intelligence Enterprise

Author: Edward Waltz

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1580534945

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 357

View: 426

If you are responsible for the management of an intelligence enterprise operation and its timely and accurate delivery of reliable intelligence to key decision-makers, this book is must reading. It is the first easy-to-understand, system-level book that specifically applies knowledge management principles, practices and technologies to the intelligence domain. The book describes the essential principles of intelligence, from collection, processing and analysis, to dissemination for both national intelligence and business applications.

Context-Enhanced Information Fusion

Boosting Real-World Performance with Domain Knowledge

Author: Lauro Snidaro,Jesús García,James Llinas,Erik Blasch

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319289713

Category: Computers

Page: 703

View: 8031

This text reviews the fundamental theory and latest methods for including contextual information in fusion process design and implementation. Chapters are contributed by the foremost international experts, spanning numerous developments and applications. The book highlights high- and low-level information fusion problems, performance evaluation under highly demanding conditions, and design principles. A particular focus is placed on approaches that integrate research from different communities, emphasizing the benefit of combining different techniques to overcome the limitations of a single perspective. Features: introduces the terminology and core elements in information fusion and context; presents key themes for context-enhanced information fusion; discusses design issues in developing context-aware fusion systems; provides mathematical grounds for modeling the contextual influences in representative fusion problems; describes the fusion of hard and soft data; reviews a diverse range of applications.