# Statistics: Learning from Data

Author: Roxy Peck,Tom Short

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1337558087

Category: Mathematics

Page: 729

View: 1831

STATISTICS: LEARNING FROM DATA, Second Edition, addresses common problems faced by learners of elementary statistics with an innovative approach. The authors have paid particular attention to areas learners often struggle with -- probability, hypothesis testing, and selecting an appropriate method of analysis. Probability coverage is based on current research on how students best learn the subject. A unique chapter that provides an informal introduction to the ideas of statistical inference helps students to develop a framework for choosing an appropriate method. Supported by learning objectives, real-data examples and exercises, and technology notes, this book helps learners to develop conceptual understanding, mechanical proficiency, and the ability to put knowledge into practice. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

# Probability and Statistics for Computer Scientists, Second Edition

Author: Michael Baron

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498760600

Category: Mathematics

Page: 449

View: 4345

Student-Friendly Coverage of Probability, Statistical Methods, Simulation, and Modeling Tools Incorporating feedback from instructors and researchers who used the previous edition, Probability and Statistics for Computer Scientists, Second Edition helps students understand general methods of stochastic modeling, simulation, and data analysis; make optimal decisions under uncertainty; model and evaluate computer systems and networks; and prepare for advanced probability-based courses. Written in a lively style with simple language, this classroom-tested book can now be used in both one- and two-semester courses. New to the Second Edition Axiomatic introduction of probability Expanded coverage of statistical inference, including standard errors of estimates and their estimation, inference about variances, chi-square tests for independence and goodness of fit, nonparametric statistics, and bootstrap More exercises at the end of each chapter Additional MATLAB® codes, particularly new commands of the Statistics Toolbox In-Depth yet Accessible Treatment of Computer Science-Related Topics Starting with the fundamentals of probability, the text takes students through topics heavily featured in modern computer science, computer engineering, software engineering, and associated fields, such as computer simulations, Monte Carlo methods, stochastic processes, Markov chains, queuing theory, statistical inference, and regression. It also meets the requirements of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). Encourages Practical Implementation of Skills Using simple MATLAB commands (easily translatable to other computer languages), the book provides short programs for implementing the methods of probability and statistics as well as for visualizing randomness, the behavior of random variables and stochastic processes, convergence results, and Monte Carlo simulations. Preliminary knowledge of MATLAB is not required. Along with numerous computer science applications and worked examples, the text presents interesting facts and paradoxical statements. Each chapter concludes with a short summary and many exercises.

# Probability and Statistics for Science and Engineering with Examples in R (First Edition)

Author: Hongshik Ahn

ISBN: 9781516513987

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 342

View: 6200

Probability and Statistics for Science and Engineering with Examples in R teaches students how to use R software to obtain summary statistics, calculate probabilities and quantiles, find confidence intervals, and conduct statistical testing. The first chapter introduces methods for describing statistics. Over the course of the subsequent eight chapters students will learn about probability, discrete and continuous distributions, multiple random variables, point estimation and testing, and inferences based on one and two samples. The book features a comprehensive table for each type of test to help students choose appropriate statistical tests and confidence intervals. Based on years of classroom experience and extensively class-tested, Probability and Statistics for Science and Engineering with Examples in R is designed for one-semester courses in probability and statistics, and specifically for students in the natural sciences or engineering. The material is also suitable for business and economics students who have studied calculus. Hongshik Ahn holds a Ph.D. in statistics from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Dr. Ahn is currently a professor in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics at Stony Brook University. He worked at National Center for Toxicological Research, FDA before joining Stony Brook University. Recently he served as the vice president of SUNY Korea. His research interests include tree-structured regression and classification, bioinformatics, generalized linear modeling, and risk assessment. Dr. Ahn has been working on NIH grants on various biostatistical and medical researches. He has been published in three book chapters and over 60 peer-reviewed journals. Dr. Ahn also published a book entitled Mathematical Analysis of Genesis, from Shinil Books.

# Multivariable Modeling and Multivariate Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences

Author: Brian S. Everitt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439807701

Page: 320

View: 5786

Multivariable Modeling and Multivariate Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences shows students how to apply statistical methods to behavioral science data in a sensible manner. Assuming some familiarity with introductory statistics, the book analyzes a host of real-world data to provide useful answers to real-life issues. The author begins by exploring the types and design of behavioral studies. He also explains how models are used in the analysis of data. After describing graphical methods, such as scatterplot matrices, the text covers simple linear regression, locally weighted regression, multiple linear regression, regression diagnostics, the equivalence of regression and ANOVA, the generalized linear model, and logistic regression. The author then discusses aspects of survival analysis, linear mixed effects models for longitudinal data, and the analysis of multivariate data. He also shows how to carry out principal components, factor, and cluster analyses. The final chapter presents approaches to analyzing multivariate observations from several different populations. Through real-life applications of statistical methodology, this book elucidates the implications of behavioral science studies for statistical analysis. It equips behavioral science students with enough statistical tools to help them succeed later on in their careers. Solutions to the problems as well as all R code and data sets for the examples are available at www.crcpress.com

# Practical Statistics for Data Scientists

50 Essential Concepts

Author: Peter Bruce,Andrew Bruce

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491952911

Category: Computers

Page: 318

View: 4545

Statistical methods are a key part of of data science, yet very few data scientists have any formal statistics training. Courses and books on basic statistics rarely cover the topic from a data science perspective. This practical guide explains how to apply various statistical methods to data science, tells you how to avoid their misuse, and gives you advice on what's important and what's not. Many data science resources incorporate statistical methods but lack a deeper statistical perspective. If you’re familiar with the R programming language, and have some exposure to statistics, this quick reference bridges the gap in an accessible, readable format. With this book, you’ll learn: Why exploratory data analysis is a key preliminary step in data science How random sampling can reduce bias and yield a higher quality dataset, even with big data How the principles of experimental design yield definitive answers to questions How to use regression to estimate outcomes and detect anomalies Key classification techniques for predicting which categories a record belongs to Statistical machine learning methods that “learn” from data Unsupervised learning methods for extracting meaning from unlabeled data

# Statistics and Probability with Applications for Engineers and Scientists

Author: Bhisham C. Gupta,Irwin Guttman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118522206

Category: Mathematics

Page: 896

View: 7558

Introducing the tools of statistics and probability from the ground up An understanding of statistical tools is essential for engineers and scientists who often need to deal with data analysis over the course of their work. Statistics and Probability with Applications for Engineers and Scientists walks readers through a wide range of popular statistical techniques, explaining step-by-step how to generate, analyze, and interpret data for diverse applications in engineering and the natural sciences. Unique among books of this kind, Statistics and Probability with Applications for Engineers and Scientists covers descriptive statistics first, then goes on to discuss the fundamentals of probability theory. Along with case studies, examples, and real-world data sets, the book incorporates clear instructions on how to use the statistical packages Minitab® and Microsoft® Office Excel® to analyze various data sets. The book also features: • Detailed discussions on sampling distributions, statistical estimation of population parameters, hypothesis testing, reliability theory, statistical quality control including Phase I and Phase II control charts, and process capability indices • A clear presentation of nonparametric methods and simple and multiple linear regression methods, as well as a brief discussion on logistic regression method • Comprehensive guidance on the design of experiments, including randomized block designs, one- and two-way layout designs, Latin square designs, random effects and mixed effects models, factorial and fractional factorial designs, and response surface methodology • A companion website containing data sets for Minitab and Microsoft Office Excel, as well as JMP ® routines and results Assuming no background in probability and statistics, Statistics and Probability with Applications for Engineers and Scientists features a unique, yet tried-and-true, approach that is ideal for all undergraduate students as well as statistical practitioners who analyze and illustrate real-world data in engineering and the natural sciences.

Decision Making and Analysis

Author: Robert A. Stine,Dean P. Foster

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 9780134497167

Page: 912

View: 3987

# Introductory Statistics

Author: Stephen Kokoska

Publisher: WH Freeman

ISBN: 9781464111693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 880

View: 4743

Stephen Kokoska combines a traditional, classic approach to teaching statistics with contemporary examples, pedagogical features, and prose that will appeal to today’s student. Kokoska emphasises statistical inference and decision making throughout. His fresh yet practical way to help students understand statistics is balanced by a logic that speaks to the teaching style of many instructors. The textbook has been extensively reviewed and class tested and feedback from instructors and students has shaped it throughout its development. Author Steve Kokoska blends solid mathematics with lucid writing to create a text that illustrates statistical concepts by using a stepped problem-solving approach. His textbook helps students understand the process of basic statistical arguments, a skill that will help them in their coursework and as they enter a life beyond academics. Introductory Statistics is available with SaplingPlus. Within SaplingPlus, you’ll have access to an interactive ebook (available on and offline) along with questions, quizzes and targeted feedback to help you achieve success in your course.

# Statistics in Medicine

Author: Robert H. Riffenburgh

ISBN: 0123848652

Category: Science

Page: 738

View: 784

Statistics in Medicine, Third Edition makes medical statistics easy to understand by students, practicing physicians, and researchers. The book begins with databases from clinical medicine and uses such data to give multiple worked-out illustrations of every method. The text opens with how to plan studies from conception to publication and what to do with your data, and follows with step-by-step instructions for biostatistical methods from the simplest levels (averages, bar charts) progressively to the more sophisticated methods now being seen in medical articles (multiple regression, noninferiority testing). Examples are given from almost every medical specialty and from dentistry, nursing, pharmacy, and health care management. A preliminary guide is given to tailor sections of the text to various lengths of biostatistical courses. User-friendly format includes medical examples, step-by-step methods, and check-yourself exercises appealing to readers with little or no statistical background, across medical and biomedical disciplines Facilitates stand-alone methods rather than a required sequence of reading and references to prior text Covers trial randomization, treatment ethics in medical research, imputation of missing data, evidence-based medical decisions, how to interpret medical articles, noninferiority testing, meta-analysis, screening number needed to treat, and epidemiology Fills the gap left in all other medical statistics books between the reader’s knowledge of how to go about research and the book’s coverage of how to analyze results of that research New in this Edition: New chapters on planning research, managing data and analysis, Bayesian statistics, measuring association and agreement, and questionnaires and surveys New sections on what tests and descriptive statistics to choose, false discovery rate, interim analysis, bootstrapping, Bland-Altman plots, Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC), and Deming regression Expanded coverage on probability, statistical methods and tests relatively new to medical research, ROC curves, experimental design, and survival analysis 35 Databases in Excel format used in the book and can be downloaded and transferred into whatever format is needed along with PowerPoint slides of figures, tables, and graphs from the book included on the companion site, http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780123848642 Medical subject index offers additional search capabilities

# The Joy of Statistics

Learning With Real World Data

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781465293367

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2610

Author: David Diez,Christopher Barr,Mine Çetinkaya-Rundel,Leah Dorazio

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781943450008

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6505

The OpenIntro project was founded in 2009 to improve the quality and availability of education by producing exceptional books and teaching tools that are free to use and easy to modify. We feature real data whenever possible, and files for the entire textbook are freely available at openintro.org.The future for OpenIntro depends on the involvement and enthusiasm of our community. Visit our website, openintro.org. We provide free videos, statistical software labs, lecture slides, course management tools, and many other helpful resources.

# The Practice of Statistics

Author: Daren S. Starnes,Dan Yates,David S. Moore

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 142924559X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 858

View: 9274

Tailored to mirror the AP Statistics course, "The Practice of Statistics" became a classroom favorite. This edition incorporates a number of first-time features to help students prepare for the AP exam, plus more simulations and statistical thinking help, and instructions for the TI-89 graphic calculator."

# Introduction to Probability

Author: Dimitri P. Bertsekas,John N. Tsitsiklis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781886529236

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 2793

# The R Book

Author: Michael J. Crawley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118448960

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1080

View: 4676

Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)

# Using R for Statistics

Author: Sarah Baldock

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1484201396

Category: Computers

Page: 244

View: 5598

Using R for Statistics will get you the answers to most of the problems you are likely to encounter when using a variety of statistics. This book is a problem-solution primer for using R to set up your data, pose your problems and get answers using a wide array of statistical tests. The book walks you through R basics and how to use R to accomplish a wide variety statistical operations. You'll be able to navigate the R system, enter and import data, manipulate datasets, calculate summary statistics, create statistical plots and customize their appearance, perform hypothesis tests such as the t-tests and analyses of variance, and build regression models. Examples are built around actual datasets to simulate real-world solutions, and programming basics are explained to assist those who do not have a development background. After reading and using this guide, you'll be comfortable using and applying R to your specific statistical analyses or hypothesis tests. No prior knowledge of R or of programming is assumed, though you should have some experience with statistics.

# Statistics in the Health Sciences

Theory, Applications, and Computing

Author: Albert Vexler,Alan Hutson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315293765

Category: Mathematics

Page: 398

View: 2006

"This very informative book introduces classical and novel statistical methods that can be used by theoretical and applied biostatisticians to develop efficient solutions for real-world problems encountered in clinical trials and epidemiological studies. The authors provide a detailed discussion of methodological and applied issues in parametric, semi-parametric and nonparametric approaches, including computationally extensive data-driven techniques, such as empirical likelihood, sequential procedures, and bootstrap methods. Many of these techniques are implemented using popular software such as R and SAS."— Vlad Dragalin, Professor, Johnson and Johnson, Spring House, PA "It is always a pleasure to come across a new book that covers nearly all facets of a branch of science one thought was so broad, so diverse, and so dynamic that no single book could possibly hope to capture all of the fundamentals as well as directions of the field. The topics within the book’s purview—fundamentals of measure-theoretic probability; parametric and non-parametric statistical inference; central limit theorems; basics of martingale theory; Monte Carlo methods; sequential analysis; sequential change-point detection—are all covered with inspiring clarity and precision. The authors are also very thorough and avail themselves of the most recent scholarship. They provide a detailed account of the state of the art, and bring together results that were previously scattered across disparate disciplines. This makes the book more than just a textbook: it is a panoramic companion to the field of Biostatistics. The book is self-contained, and the concise but careful exposition of material makes it accessible to a wide audience. This is appealing to graduate students interested in getting into the field, and also to professors looking to design a course on the subject." — Aleksey S. Polunchenko, Department of Mathematical Sciences, State University of New York at Binghamton This book should be appropriate for use both as a text and as a reference. This book delivers a "ready-to-go" well-structured product to be employed in developing advanced courses. In this book the readers can find classical and new theoretical methods, open problems and new procedures. The book presents biostatistical results that are novel to the current set of books on the market and results that are even new with respect to the modern scientific literature. Several of these results can be found only in this book.

# Introduction to Statistical Decision Theory

Author: John Winsor Pratt,Howard Raiffa,Robert Schlaifer

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262161442

Page: 875

View: 9249

Unlike most introductory texts in statistics, Introduction toStatistical Decision Theory integrates statistical inference withdecision making and discusses real-world actions involving economic payoffs and risks.

# Statistics for Big Data For Dummies

Author: Alan Anderson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118940024

Category: Computers

Page: 384

View: 1580

The fast and easy way to make sense of statistics for big data Does the subject of data analysis make you dizzy? You've come to the right place! Statistics For Big Data For Dummies breaks this often-overwhelming subject down into easily digestible parts, offering new and aspiring data analysts the foundation they need to be successful in the field. Inside, you'll find an easy-to-follow introduction to exploratory data analysis, the lowdown on collecting, cleaning, and organizing data, everything you need to know about interpreting data using common software and programming languages, plain-English explanations of how to make sense of data in the real world, and much more. Data has never been easier to come by, and the tools students and professionals need to enter the world of big data are based on applied statistics. While the word "statistics" alone can evoke feelings of anxiety in even the most confident student or professional, it doesn't have to. Written in the familiar and friendly tone that has defined the For Dummies brand for more than twenty years, Statistics For Big Data For Dummies takes the intimidation out of the subject, offering clear explanations and tons of step-by-step instruction to help you make sense of data mining—without losing your cool. Helps you to identify valid, useful, and understandable patterns in data Provides guidance on extracting previously unknown information from large databases Shows you how to discover patterns available in big data Gives you access to the latest tools and techniques for working in big data If you're a student enrolled in a related Applied Statistics course or a professional looking to expand your skillset, Statistics For Big Data For Dummies gives you access to everything you need to succeed.