Introductory Statistics

Author: Barbara Illowsky,Susan Dean

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789888407309

Category: Education

Page: 906

View: 6739

Introductory Statistics is designed for the one-semester, introduction to statistics course and is geared toward students majoring in fields other than math or engineering. This text assumes students have been exposed to intermediate algebra, and it focuses on the applications of statistical knowledge rather than the theory behind it. The foundation of this textbook is Collaborative Statistics, by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean. Additional topics, examples, and ample opportunities for practice have been added to each chapter. The development choices for this textbook were made with the guidance of many faculty members who are deeply involved in teaching this course. These choices led to innovations in art, terminology, and practical applications, all with a goal of increasing relevance and accessibility for students. We strove to make the discipline meaningful, so that students can draw from it a working knowledge that will enrich their future studies and help them make sense of the world around them. Coverage and Scope Chapter 1 Sampling and Data Chapter 2 Descriptive Statistics Chapter 3 Probability Topics Chapter 4 Discrete Random Variables Chapter 5 Continuous Random Variables Chapter 6 The Normal Distribution Chapter 7 The Central Limit Theorem Chapter 8 Confidence Intervals Chapter 9 Hypothesis Testing with One Sample Chapter 10 Hypothesis Testing with Two Samples Chapter 11 The Chi-Square Distribution Chapter 12 Linear Regression and Correlation Chapter 13 F Distribution and One-Way ANOVA

How to Lie with Statistics

Author: Darrell Huff

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393070873

Category: Mathematics

Page: 144

View: 9722

Over Half a Million Copies Sold--an Honest-to-Goodness Bestseller Darrell Huff runs the gamut of every popularly used type of statistic, probes such things as the sample study, the tabulation method, the interview technique, or the way the results are derived from the figures, and points up the countless number of dodges which are used to full rather than to inform.

All of Statistics

A Concise Course in Statistical Inference

Author: Larry Wasserman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387217363

Category: Mathematics

Page: 442

View: 1448

Taken literally, the title "All of Statistics" is an exaggeration. But in spirit, the title is apt, as the book does cover a much broader range of topics than a typical introductory book on mathematical statistics. This book is for people who want to learn probability and statistics quickly. It is suitable for graduate or advanced undergraduate students in computer science, mathematics, statistics, and related disciplines. The book includes modern topics like non-parametric curve estimation, bootstrapping, and classification, topics that are usually relegated to follow-up courses. The reader is presumed to know calculus and a little linear algebra. No previous knowledge of probability and statistics is required. Statistics, data mining, and machine learning are all concerned with collecting and analysing data.

Naked Statistics: Stripping the Dread from the Data

Author: Charles Wheelan

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393089827

Category: Mathematics

Page: 302

View: 4755

“Brilliant, funny . . . the best math teacher you never had.”—San Francisco Chronicle Once considered tedious, the field of statistics is rapidly evolving into a discipline Hal Varian, chief economist at Google, has actually called “sexy.” From batting averages and political polls to game shows and medical research, the real-world application of statistics continues to grow by leaps and bounds. How can we catch schools that cheat on standardized tests? How does Netflix know which movies you’ll like? What is causing the rising incidence of autism? As best-selling author Charles Wheelan shows us in Naked Statistics, the right data and a few well-chosen statistical tools can help us answer these questions and more. For those who slept through Stats 101, this book is a lifesaver. Wheelan strips away the arcane and technical details and focuses on the underlying intuition that drives statistical analysis. He clarifies key concepts such as inference, correlation, and regression analysis, reveals how biased or careless parties can manipulate or misrepresent data, and shows us how brilliant and creative researchers are exploiting the valuable data from natural experiments to tackle thorny questions. And in Wheelan’s trademark style, there’s not a dull page in sight. You’ll encounter clever Schlitz Beer marketers leveraging basic probability, an International Sausage Festival illuminating the tenets of the central limit theorem, and a head-scratching choice from the famous game show Let’s Make a Deal—and you’ll come away with insights each time. With the wit, accessibility, and sheer fun that turned Naked Economics into a bestseller, Wheelan defies the odds yet again by bringing another essential, formerly unglamorous discipline to life.

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

with Applications in R

Author: Gareth James,Daniela Witten,Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461471389

Category: Mathematics

Page: 426

View: 9247

An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.

Statistics Done Wrong

The Woefully Complete Guide

Author: Alex Reinhart

Publisher: No Starch Press

ISBN: 1593276206

Category: Mathematics

Page: 152

View: 4822

Statistics Done Wrong describes how researchers often go wrong and teaches you the best practices for avoiding their mistakes.

Introduction to Statistics

Fundamental Concepts and Procedures of Data Analysis

Author: Howard M. Reid

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483324281

Category: Social Science

Page: 632

View: 3826

Using a truly accessible and reader-friendly approach, Introduction to Statistics: Fundamental Concepts and Procedures of Data Analysis, by Howard M. Reid, redefines the way statistics can be taught and learned. Unlike other books that merely focus on procedures, Reid’s approach balances development of critical thinking skills with application of those skills to contemporary statistical analysis. He goes beyond simply presenting techniques by focusing on the key concepts readers need to master in order to ensure their long-term success. Indeed, this exciting new book offers the perfect foundation upon which readers can build as their studies and careers progress to more advanced forms of statistics. Keeping computational challenges to a minimum, Reid shows readers not only how to conduct a variety of commonly used statistical procedures, but also when each procedure should be utilized and how they are related. Following a review of descriptive statistics, he begins his discussion of inferential statistics with a two-chapter examination of the Chi Square test to introduce students to hypothesis testing, the importance of determining effect size, and the need for post hoc tests. When more complex procedures related to interval/ratio data are covered, students already have a solid understanding of the foundational concepts involved. Exploring challenging topics in an engaging and easy-to-follow manner, Reid builds concepts logically and supports learning through robust pedagogical tools, the use of SPSS, numerous examples, historical quotations, insightful questions, and helpful progress checks.

Statistics

Author: Sir Robert Giffen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Great Britain

Page: 485

View: 4754

Introduction to Statistics and SPSS in Psychology

Author: Andrew Mayers

Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed

ISBN: 0273731025

Category: Psychology

Page: 632

View: 4013

Introduction to Statistics and SPSS in Psychology guides the reader carefully and concisely up the statistics staircase to success. Each step is supported by helpful visuals as well as advice on how to overcome problems. Interactive, lively, but never patronising, this is the complete guide to statistics that will take readers through their degree course from beginning to end. Take a step in the right direction and tackle statistics head on with this visual introduction.

The Elements of Statistical Learning

Data Mining, Inference, and Prediction

Author: Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani,Jerome Friedman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387216065

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 8039

During the past decade there has been an explosion in computation and information technology. With it have come vast amounts of data in a variety of fields such as medicine, biology, finance, and marketing. The challenge of understanding these data has led to the development of new tools in the field of statistics, and spawned new areas such as data mining, machine learning, and bioinformatics. Many of these tools have common underpinnings but are often expressed with different terminology. This book describes the important ideas in these areas in a common conceptual framework. While the approach is statistical, the emphasis is on concepts rather than mathematics. Many examples are given, with a liberal use of color graphics. It should be a valuable resource for statisticians and anyone interested in data mining in science or industry. The book’s coverage is broad, from supervised learning (prediction) to unsupervised learning. The many topics include neural networks, support vector machines, classification trees and boosting---the first comprehensive treatment of this topic in any book. This major new edition features many topics not covered in the original, including graphical models, random forests, ensemble methods, least angle regression & path algorithms for the lasso, non-negative matrix factorization, and spectral clustering. There is also a chapter on methods for “wide” data (p bigger than n), including multiple testing and false discovery rates. Trevor Hastie, Robert Tibshirani, and Jerome Friedman are professors of statistics at Stanford University. They are prominent researchers in this area: Hastie and Tibshirani developed generalized additive models and wrote a popular book of that title. Hastie co-developed much of the statistical modeling software and environment in R/S-PLUS and invented principal curves and surfaces. Tibshirani proposed the lasso and is co-author of the very successful An Introduction to the Bootstrap. Friedman is the co-inventor of many data-mining tools including CART, MARS, projection pursuit and gradient boosting.

Statistics in a Nutshell

Author: Sarah Boslaugh

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449316824

Category: Mathematics

Page: 569

View: 1530

A clear and concise introduction and reference for anyone new to the subject of statistics.

Mathematical Statistics

Author: A A Borokov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789056990183

Category: Mathematics

Page: 592

View: 4252

A wide-ranging, extensive overview of modern mathematical statistics, this work reflects the current state of the field while being succinct and easy to grasp. The mathematical presentation is coherent and rigorous throughout. The author presents classical results and methods that form the basis of modern statistics, and examines the foundations of estimation theory, hypothesis testing theory and statistical game theory. He then considers statistical problems for two or more samples, and those in which observations are taken from different distributions. Methods of finding optimal and asymptotically optimal statistical procedures are given, along with treatments of homogeneity testing, regression, variance analysis and pattern recognition. The author also posits a number of methodological improvements that simplify proofs, and brings together a number of new results which have never before been published in a single monograph.

Statistical Rethinking

A Bayesian Course with Examples in R and Stan

Author: Richard McElreath

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315362619

Category: Mathematics

Page: 487

View: 7922

Statistical Rethinking: A Bayesian Course with Examples in R and Stan builds readers’ knowledge of and confidence in statistical modeling. Reflecting the need for even minor programming in today’s model-based statistics, the book pushes readers to perform step-by-step calculations that are usually automated. This unique computational approach ensures that readers understand enough of the details to make reasonable choices and interpretations in their own modeling work. The text presents generalized linear multilevel models from a Bayesian perspective, relying on a simple logical interpretation of Bayesian probability and maximum entropy. It covers from the basics of regression to multilevel models. The author also discusses measurement error, missing data, and Gaussian process models for spatial and network autocorrelation. By using complete R code examples throughout, this book provides a practical foundation for performing statistical inference. Designed for both PhD students and seasoned professionals in the natural and social sciences, it prepares them for more advanced or specialized statistical modeling. Web Resource The book is accompanied by an R package (rethinking) that is available on the author’s website and GitHub. The two core functions (map and map2stan) of this package allow a variety of statistical models to be constructed from standard model formulas.

Statistics of the State of Georgia

Including an Account of Its Natural, Civil, and Ecclesiastical History ; Together with a Particular Description of Each County, Notices of the Manners and Customs of Its Aboriginal Tribes, and a Correct Map of the State

Author: George White

Publisher: Savannah : W.T. William

ISBN: N.A

Category: Botany

Page: 701

View: 6068

Understanding The New Statistics

Effect Sizes, Confidence Intervals, and Meta-Analysis

Author: Geoff Cumming

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136659188

Category: Psychology

Page: 536

View: 7020

This is the first book to introduce the new statistics - effect sizes, confidence intervals, and meta-analysis - in an accessible way. It is chock full of practical examples and tips on how to analyze and report research results using these techniques. The book is invaluable to readers interested in meeting the new APA Publication Manual guidelines by adopting the new statistics - which are more informative than null hypothesis significance testing, and becoming widely used in many disciplines. Accompanying the book is the Exploratory Software for Confidence Intervals (ESCI) package, free software that runs under Excel and is accessible at www.thenewstatistics.com. The book’s exercises use ESCI's simulations, which are highly visual and interactive, to engage users and encourage exploration. Working with the simulations strengthens understanding of key statistical ideas. There are also many examples, and detailed guidance to show readers how to analyze their own data using the new statistics, and practical strategies for interpreting the results. A particular strength of the book is its explanation of meta-analysis, using simple diagrams and examples. Understanding meta-analysis is increasingly important, even at undergraduate levels, because medicine, psychology and many other disciplines now use meta-analysis to assemble the evidence needed for evidence-based practice. The book’s pedagogical program, built on cognitive science principles, reinforces learning: Boxes provide "evidence-based" advice on the most effective statistical techniques. Numerous examples reinforce learning, and show that many disciplines are using the new statistics. Graphs are tied in with ESCI to make important concepts vividly clear and memorable. Opening overviews and end of chapter take-home messages summarize key points. Exercises encourage exploration, deep understanding, and practical applications. This highly accessible book is intended as the core text for any course that emphasizes the new statistics, or as a supplementary text for graduate and/or advanced undergraduate courses in statistics and research methods in departments of psychology, education, human development , nursing, and natural, social, and life sciences. Researchers and practitioners interested in understanding the new statistics, and future published research, will also appreciate this book. A basic familiarity with introductory statistics is assumed.

Statistics

Author: David Freedman,Robert Pisani,Roger Purves

Publisher: W. W. Norton

ISBN: 9780393970838

Category: Mathematics

Page: 701

View: 4426

Computer Age Statistical Inference

Algorithms, Evidence, and Data Science

Author: Bradley Efron,Trevor Hastie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108107958

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 4196

The twenty-first century has seen a breathtaking expansion of statistical methodology, both in scope and in influence. 'Big data', 'data science', and 'machine learning' have become familiar terms in the news, as statistical methods are brought to bear upon the enormous data sets of modern science and commerce. How did we get here? And where are we going? This book takes us on an exhilarating journey through the revolution in data analysis following the introduction of electronic computation in the 1950s. Beginning with classical inferential theories - Bayesian, frequentist, Fisherian - individual chapters take up a series of influential topics: survival analysis, logistic regression, empirical Bayes, the jackknife and bootstrap, random forests, neural networks, Markov chain Monte Carlo, inference after model selection, and dozens more. The distinctly modern approach integrates methodology and algorithms with statistical inference. The book ends with speculation on the future direction of statistics and data science.

Dealing With Statistics: What You Need To Know

What you need to know

Author: Berman Brown, Reva,Saunders, Mark

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335227244

Category: Medical

Page: 133

View: 1154

This book is about helping you to choose and use the right statistical technique to analyze your data and write about your results and findings convincingly. It provides a guide to the essential statistical skills needed for success in your assignment, project or dissertation. Berman Brown and Saunders concentrate on particular statistical tests and their three Ws--what, why, and when. They provide you with the tools to choose the graphs and statistics that are suitable for your data, and to understand what the statistical results actually mean. In addition, the book explains why it is impossible to avoid using statistics in analysing data; describes the language of statistics to make it easier to understand the various terms used for statistical techniques; deals with using tables and charts to present data so that they are easy to understand; and explains the statistics used to describe data used to inferdifferences and relationships. The book also includes a handy alphabet of statistics as well as a glossary of key statistical terms. --From publisher's description.

A First Course Mathematical Statistics

Author: C. E. Weatherburn

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521091589

Category: Mathematics

Page: 300

View: 8992

This book provides the mathematical foundations of statistics. Its aim is to explain the principles, to prove the formulae to give validity to the methods employed in the interpretation of statistical data. Many examples are included but, since the primary emphasis is on the underlying theory, it is of interest to students of a wide variety of subjects: biology, psychology, agriculture, economics, physics, chemistry, and (of course) mathematics.