Postharvest Biology and Technology of Fruits, Vegetables, and Flowers

Author: Gopinadhan Paliyath, Ph.D.,Dennis P. Murr,Avtar K. Handa,Susan Lurie

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0813806720

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 498

View: 2352

An increased understanding of the developmental physiology, biochemistry, and molecular biology during early growth, maturation, ripening, and postharvest conditions has improved technologies to maintain the shelf life and quality of fruits, vegetables, and flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology of Fruits, Vegetables, and Flowers provides a comprehensive introduction to this subject, offering a firm grounding in the basic science and branching out into the technology and practical applications. An authoritative resource on the science and technology of the postharvest sector, this book surveys the body of knowledge with an emphasis on the recent advances in the field.

Woman-Powered Farm: Manual for a Self-Sufficient Lifestyle from Homestead to Field

Author: Audrey Levatino

Publisher: The Countryman Press

ISBN: 1581576544

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 2538

To go-to guide for women who want to be part of the farming revolution. Women are leading the new farming revolution in America. Much of the impetus to move back to the land, raise our own food, and connect with our agricultural past is being driven by women. They raise sheep for wool, harvest honey from their beehives, grow food for their families and sell their goods at farmers' markets. What does a woman who wants to work the land need to do to follow her dream? First, she needs this book. It may seem strange to suggest that women farmers need a different guide than male farmers, but women often have different strengths and goals, and different ways of achieving those goals. Audrey Levatino shares her experiences of running a farm and offers invaluable advice on how to get started, whether you have hundreds of acres or a simple lot for an urban community garden. Filled with personal anecdotes and stories from other women farmers, from old hands to brand new ones, from agricultural icons like Temple Grandin, to her own sister, this book is a reassuring and inspirational guide that discusses: Should you do an internship or jump right in? How to find a farm or how to handle one that you’ve inherited Best practices for selling at the farmer’s market and how to sell your goods locally Farmhouse chores and how to get them done right How to handle large power tools, including a chainsaw Planning and growing an organic farm garden Incorporating animals as part of a farm ecosystem Where to get started if you want to farm-school your kids Tips for keeping your mind, body and spirit healthy while undertaking the demanding nature of farm work It's all here, in the same warm and friendly voice that readers embraced in The Joy of Hobby Farming. Full-color photography throughout provides step-by-step instructions for anything you’ll need to do on your farm.

Genetics and Genomics of Papaya

Author: Ray Ming,Paul H. Moore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461480876

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 1990

This book reviews various aspects of papaya genomics, including existing genetic and genomic resources, recent progress on structural and functional genomics, and their applications in papaya improvement. Organized into four sections, the volume explores the origin and domestication of papaya, classic genetics and breeding, recent progress on molecular genetics, and current and future applications of genomic resources for papaya improvement. Bolstered by contributions from authorities in the field, Genetics and Genomics of Papaya is a valuable resource that provides the most up to date information for papaya researchers and plant biologists.

The Sharing Solution

Author: Janelle Orsi Attorney

Publisher: Nolo

ISBN: 1413315585

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 9009

From cars and tools to housing and childcare, many people would like to share resources but don't know how-or where-to start. The Sharing Solution is a timely practical and legal guide that explains how to create and maintain successful sharing arrangements while addressing common concerns about liability, communication, and more. This book will help anyone share: Meals and food, through bulk buying clubs, meal-sharing arrangements, community gardens, neighborhood fruit harvests, and more Household goods, from tools and toys to appliances and exercise equipment Cars, by sharing a car with a neighbor, starting or joining a car-sharing group, carpooling, or ride-sharing Caregiving, whether for pets, children, older family members, or relatives with disabilities Business resources, such as office supplies, equipment, space, and even employees Housing, whether by sharing a house, retrofitting a home to accommodate two households, or joining a cohousing community The Sharing Solution speaks to Americans' growing desire to not only live more sustainably, but also save money and create stronger communities. Sharing is a simple step anyone - young or old, rich or poor - can take, right now, to make a difference. Who can benefit from sharing? Busy parents looking for help with meals or pet care Retirees who are looking to share needed services Anyone concerned about the environment and wants to adopt a more sustainable lifestyle. Anyone who wishes to purchase property but can't afford a single-family home Professionals who work in community development Low-income families or those who require - or desire - a purchase that they cannot single-handedly afford The authors, attorneys Janelle Orsi and Emily Doskow, bring a visionary spirit to developing practical, logistical, and legal frameworks for many types of sharing arrangements. In the book, you will find: Sample written agreements for many kinds of sharing arrangements Step by step instructions for creating a sharing plan and sorting out logistics Legal explanations that are clear and accessible Ideas and examples of the creative ways that groups around the country have formed successful sharing arrangements Tips for communicating with your sharing partners and handling disputes Resources to help you find sharing partners, join existing sharing groups, and learn about helpful groups and organizations Useful checklists, charts, tables, and much more The ultimate beauty of sharing is that it's a solution we create for ourselves. It's not a government program, nor is it the "latest and greatest" product marketed to us on billboards. It's a solution based on our own needs and lifestyles, in our own communities. It's a way for each of us to shape our own lives in positive ways and simultaneously benefit the world as a whole. In that respect, sharing is more than a simple trend: Some might even say our society is moving toward a sharing revolution. We hope you'll use The Sharing Solution to become part of it.

Diseases of Fruits and Vegetables

Volume I Diagnosis and Management

Author: S.A.M.H. Naqvi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402026064

Category: Science

Page: 692

View: 3018

Among the Horticultural Crops, Fruits and Vegetables (FV) are of primary - portance as the key source of essential components in an adequate and balanced human diet. FV have supported largely the daily food requirement of mankind since ages and even before man learned to grow cereal crops systematically. Over the years, growing FV has been the mainstay of rural economy and has emerged as an indispensable part of agriculture world over, offering farmers a wide range of crops in varied topography and climate. In certain parts of the world, FV are the major dietary staple. Apart from being a rich source of vitamins and minerals, this sector also contributes significantly in economy of the region or the nation. The increased income from per unit area of FV is far ahead and can not be compared with that of cereal crops. A recent survey by the Economist revealed that the world population has - creased by 90 % in the past 40 years while food production has increased only by 25 % per head. With an additional 1. 5 billion mouth to feed by 2020, farmers worldwide have to produce 39 % more. Looking at the load of the future food requirement, the global increased production of FV during last few years has absorbed the additional food requirement and accordingly the eating habits are also changing and shifting - wards more consumption of these commodities worldwide.

Indigenous Fruit Trees in the Tropics

Domestication, Utilization and Commercialization

Author: Festus K. Akinnifesi

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845931106

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 438

View: 1495

This book comprises 5 parts and 21 chapters discussing the domestication of indigenous fruit trees in Africa, Oceania, Latin America and Asia; and describes the biophysical and socio-economic aspects of Miombo fruit trees.

New Age Herbals

Resource, Quality and Pharmacognosy

Author: Brahma Singh,K.V. Peter

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 981108291X

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 7427

Importance of herbs (medicinal plants) can hardly be overemphasized. They are exploited for manyfold applications, ranging from phytopharmaceuticals, to nutraceuticals, to cosmetics and many others. Keeping in view the richness of herbs and their vast potential, this book collates the most up-to-date knowledge of important herbs and herbals. The book also gives an overview of some issues causing hindrance in the promotion of herbals. This book attempts to compile the rich experience of experts working on various herbs. New age single plant species, having multiple medicinal traits worth exploiting i.e. Hippophae rhamnoides (seabuckthorn), and Morinda citrifolia (noni) also find place as full chapters in the book.

Silviculture in the Tropics

Author: Sven Günter,Michael Weber,Bernd Stimm,Reinhard Mosandl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642199868

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 4579

This book integrates the latest global developments in forestry science and practice and their relevance for the sustainable management of tropical forests. The influence of social dimensions on the development of silvicultural concepts is another spotlight. Ecology and silvicultural options form all tropical continents, and forest formations from dry to moist forests and from lowland to mountain forests are covered. Review chapters which guide readers through this complex subject integrate numerous illustrative and quantitative case studies by experts from all over the world. On the basis of a cross-sectional evaluation of the case studies presented, the authors put forward possible silvicultural contributions towards sustainability in a changing world. The book is addressed to a broad readership from forestry and environmental disciplines.

The Organic Medicinal Herb Farmer

The Ultimate Guide to Producing High-Quality Herbs on a Market Scale

Author: Jeff Carpenter,Melanie Carpenter

Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing

ISBN: 1603585745

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 3256

A new approach to growing local medicine, including information on geo-authenticity, wildcrafting, and developing a good business plan Both a business guide and a farming manual, The Organic Medicinal Herb Farmer will teach readers how to successfully grow and market organic medicinal Western herbs. Whether you’re trying to farm medicinal plants, culinary herbs, or at-risk native herbs exclusively or simply add herbal crops to what you’re already growing, successful small-scale herb farmers Jeff and Melanie Carpenter will guide you through the entire process—from cultivation to creating value-added products. Using their Zack Woods Herb Farm in Vermont as a backdrop, the Carpenters cover all the basic practical information farmers need to know to get an organic herb farm up and running, including: • Size and scale considerations; • Layout and design of the farm and facilities; • Growing and cultivation information, including types of tools; • Field and bed prep; • Plant propagation; • Weed control, and pests and diseases; • Harvesting, as well as wild harvesting and the concept of geo-authentic botanicals; • Postharvest processing; and, • Value-added products and marketing. The authors also provide fifty detailed plant profiles, going deeper into the herbs every farmer should consider growing. In an easy-to-understand, practical, and comprehensive manner, readers will learn how to focus on quality over quantity, and keep costs down by innovating with existing equipment, rather than expensive technology.Market farmers who have never before considered growing medicinal herbs will learn why it’s more important to produce these herbs domestically. The Organic Medicinal Herb Farmer makes a convincing case that producing organic medicinal herbs can be a viable, profitable, farming enterprise. The Carpenters also make the case for incorporating medicinal herbs into existing operations, as it can help increase revenue in the form of value-added products, not to mention improve the ecological health of farmland by encouraging biodiversity as a path toward greater soil health.

No Risk Ranching

Custom Grazing on Leased Land

Author: Greg Judy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780963246080

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 236

View: 2114

Greg Judy was forced to liquidate his cow herd to pay debt in 1996. By the end of the following year he was dead broke and figured the family farm was history. A quote from Allan Nation, editor of The Stockman Grass Farmer magazine changed his whole view of ranching. Nation said, "Your sole purpose should be not to own the land, but to make a living from the land." Inspired by that approach, Judy started looking for idle, non-developed pastureland. By focusing on leasing rather than owning land, his grazing operation grew from 40 stockers to 1100 head. By custom grazing on leased land he was able to pay his entire farm and home loan within three years. Today he has four farms and leases 12. No Risk Ranching, Custom Grazing on Leased Land describes how he found and managed his first and subsequent leases. He offers a detailed guide for other graziers to follow on how to find idle land to lease; calculate the cost of a lease; draft and write a land lease contract (with examples included); develop good water and portable fencing on leased land; promote wildlife and improve timber stands; keep accurate records and more. No Risk Ranching was written to help other graziers from making the same mistakes Judy made. He writes, "I am convinced that in the USA our pastures are one of our most underutilized natural resources. I am not against land ownership. I just feel like it is an awful hardship on a new blooming grazing business."

Pests of Crops in Warmer Climates and Their Control

Author: Dennis S. Hill

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402067380

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 5460

This is a textbook providing basic data about the crop pests and the damage they inflict throughout the tropics and sub-tropics. Each major pest is illustrated by either a line drawing or a photograph, and sometimes the damage can also be seen. A world distribution map is provided for each species. Control measures tend to be general rather than very specific. Most of the pests are insects and mites, but some nematodes, molluscs, birds and mammals are included.

Ethical Markets

Growing the Green Economy

Author: Hazel Henderson,Simran Sethi

Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing

ISBN: 1933392231

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 6525

With insight, clarity, warmth and enthusiasm, Hazel Henderson announces the mature presence of the green economy. Mainstream media and big business interests have sidelined its emergence and evolution, but it is now a significant and rapidly growing sector. Throughout Ethical Markets Henderson weaves statistics and analysis with profiles of entrepreneurs, environmentalists, scientists, and professionals. Based on interviews conducted on her longstanding US public television series, these profiles celebrate those who have led the highly successful growth of green businesses around the world. Ethical Markets is the ultimate sourcebook on todayís thriving green economy.

Physiological Mechanisms and Adaptation Strategies in Plants Under Changing Environment

Author: Parvaiz Ahmad,Mohd Rafiq Wani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461485916

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 9364

The global population is growing at an alarming rate and is anticipated to reach about 9.6 billion by the end of 2050. Addressing the problem of food scarcity for budding population vis-à-vis environmental changes is the main challenge plant biologists face in the contemporary era. Plant growth and productivity are scarce in many areas of the world due to a wide range of environmental stresses. The productive land is dwindling progressively by various natural and anthropogenic means that lead to enormous crop losses worldwide. Plants often experience these stresses and have the ability to withstand them. However, when the stress exceeds the normal tolerance level, plants accumulate organic osmolytes, osmoprotectants, cryoprotectants and antioxidant enzymes, which helps them tolerate these stresses and assist in their acclimatization towards the particular ambiance needed for maintaining their growth and development. Physiological Mechanisms and Adaptation Strategies in Plants Under Changing Environment, Volume 1 discuss drought and temperature stresses and their mitigation through different means. This volume illuminates how plants that are bombarded by diverse and changing environmental stimuli, undergo appropriate physiological alterations that enable their survival. The information covered in the book is also useful in building apposite strategies to counter abiotic and biotic stresses in plants. Written by a diverse group of internationally renowned scholars, Physiological Mechanisms and Adaptation Strategies in Plants Under Changing Environment, Volume 1 is a concise yet comprehensive resource that will be beneficial for the researchers, students, environmentalists and soil scientists of this field.

Public Health Significance of Urban Pests

Author: Xavier Bonnefoy,Helge Kampen,Kevin Sweeney

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9289071885

Category: Medical

Page: 569

View: 3221

Many urban planners and managers erroneously assume that pest-borne diseases are relics of the past. Since the mid-20th century, however, major changes in ecology, climate and human behavior have favored the proliferation of urban pests. Alarmingly, the dramatic rise in urban sprawl has led to city suburbs becoming the natural habitat of ticks, rodents and other pests. These changes make timely a new analysis of the effects of present-day urban pests on health. To this end, WHO invited international experts in various pest-related fields to identify the public health risk posed by various pests and to suggest appropriate prevention and control measures. This book presents their conclusions and formulates policy options for all levels of decision-making on the future management of pests and pest-related diseases.

Adapting Buildings and Cities for Climate Change

Author: David Crichton,Fergus Nicol,Sue Roaf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136444556

Category: Architecture

Page: 400

View: 2891

From the bestselling author of Ecohouse, this fully revised edition of Adapting Buildings and Cities for Climate Change provides unique insights into how we can protect our buildings, cities, infra-structures and lifestyles against risks associated with extreme weather and related social, economic and energy events. Three new chapters present evidence of escalating rates of environmental change. The authors explore the growing urgency for mitigation and adaptation responses that deal with the resulting challenges. Theoretical information sits alongside practical design guidelines, so architects, designers and planners can not only see clearly what problems they face, but also find the solutions they need, in order to respond to power and water supply needs. Considers use of materials, structures, site issues and planning in order to provide design solutions. Examines recent climate events in the US and UK and looks at how architecture was successful or not in preventing building damage. Adapting Buildings and Cities for Climate Change is an essential source, not just for architects, engineers and planners facing the challenges of designing our building for a changing climate, but also for everyone involved in their production and use.

Sustainable Horticultural Systems

Issues, Technology and Innovation

Author: Dilip Nandwani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319069047

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 395

View: 1306

Sustainable horticulture is gaining increasing attention in the field of agriculture as demand for the food production rises to the world community. Sustainable horticultural systems are based on ecological principles to farm, optimizes pest and disease management approaches through environmentally friendly and renewable strategies in production agriculture. It is a discipline that addresses current issues such as food security, water pollution, soil health, pest control, and biodiversity depletion. Novel, environmentally-friendly solutions are proposed based on integrated knowledge from sciences as diverse as agronomy, soil science, entomology, ecology, chemistry and food sciences. Sustainable horticulture interprets methods and processes in the farming system to the global level. For that, horticulturists use the system approach that involves studying components and interactions of a whole system to address scientific, economic and social issues. In that respect, sustainable horticulture is not a classical, narrow science. Instead of solving problems using the classical painkiller approach that treats only negative impacts, sustainable horticulture treats problem sources.

An Ecological and Societal Approach to Biological Control

Author: J. Eilenberg,Heikki M. T. Hokkanen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402044011

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 1112

Biological control is among the most promising methods for control of pests, diseases and weeds, and this book treats ecological and societal aspects together for the first time. The aim is to evaluate the significance of certain biological properties like biodiversity and natural habitats. In a societal approach terms like ‘consumer’s attitude’, ‘risk perception’, ‘learning and education’ and ‘value triangle’ are recognized as significant for biological production and human welfare.

Boomtown 2050

Scenarios for a Rapidly Growing City

Author: Richard Weller

Publisher: UWA Publishing

ISBN: 9781921401213

Category: Architecture

Page: 453

View: 1283

Since 70% of city infrastructure in 2050 already exists today, Boomtown 2050 opens up an essential debate as to how we transform rather than rebuild our cities to meet the twin pressures of population growth and climate change. The case studies and base data provided in Boomtown 2050 needs to be replicated in all cities so as to allow us to have an intelligent debate as to the future form of our cities. Business as usual is not an option!

New Horizons in Insect Science: Towards Sustainable Pest Management

Author: Akshay Kumar Chakravarthy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 8132220897

Category: Science

Page: 431

View: 2893

Insect science is fast changing as insects are evolving to a plethora of newer chemical molecules, climate change, management tactics and transformation of the landscapes. Through the International Conference, the editors have attempted to gather together newer aspects of Insect Sciences like Insect Taxonomy, DNA Barcoding, Physiology, Toxicology, Vectors and their Management, Molecular Biology, RNA interference in Pest Management, Semiochemicals and Pest Management using Host Plant Resistance and Biological Control appropriated especially for the developing world. Both basic and applied aspects of insect science have been included to stimulate comprehensive studies on insect science. The book not only deals with insect science but also environmental and ecological aspects in the hope that the book will be of immense use to students, researchers, extension workers, planners, administrators, farmers and other end users. The Chapters on diversified aspects of Insect Science are contributed by leading scientists for the coming 21st century in which entomology is witnessing a dramatic advancement in management of pests through in-depth investigations. The dimensions of Insect Science covered in the book are pest management approaches that can be adopted worldwide with ascent on sustainability.

Creating and Managing Woodlands Around Towns

Author: Simon J. Hodge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780117103283

Category: Trees in cities

Page: 176

View: 1027

The primary role of urban forestry is to provide woodland and trees which improve the quality of daily life for those of us in the UK who do not have immediate access to the countryside. Urban forestry is becoming increasingly recognized as a discipline in its own right but those involved come from many backgrounds and disciplines, ranging from planning through landscape design and horticulture to forestry. This guide presents practical information on the process of urban woodland planning, establishment and management.