Resilience for food and nutrition security

Author: Fan, Shenggen,Pandya-Lorch, Rajul,Yosef, Sivan

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896296784

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 8831

Economic shocks including food price shocks, environmental shocks, social shocks, political shocks, health shocks, and many other types of shocks hit poor people and communities around the world, compromising their efforts to improve their well-being. As shocks evolve and become more frequent or intense, they further threaten people’s food and nutrition security and their livelihoods. How do we help people and communities to become more resilient, to not only bounce back from shocks but to also to get ahead of them and improve their well-being so that they are less vulnerable to the next shock? How do we get better at coping with—and even thriving—in the presence of shocks?

Strengthening nutrition action

A resource guide for countries based on the policy recommendations of the Second International Conference on Nutrition

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,World Health Organization

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251309566

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 96

View: 8569

This document supports stakeholders in translating the Second International Conference on Nutrition into specific country-specific actions, through 24 thematic sheets, ranging from food loss and waste prevention to social protection for nutrition.

Urban Disaster Resilience

New Dimensions from International Practice in the Built Environment

Author: David Sanderson,Jerold S. Kayden,Julia Leis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131753395X

Category: Architecture

Page: 232

View: 6361

Accelerating urbanization worldwide means more urban-centered disasters. Floods, earthquakes, storms and conflicts affecting densely populated areas produce significant losses in lives, livelihoods and the built environment, especially in comparison to rural areas. Poor urban dwellers, almost always the most vulnerable, too often bear the brunt. Aid agencies and urban professionals have been slowly adapting to these new conditions, but older models and practices hinder the most effective engagements. Drawing directly from the experiences of urban disasters in the Philippines, Chile, India, Thailand, Iraq, Haiti and Nepal, among other countries, Urban Disaster Resilience brings to light new collaborations and techniques for addressing the challenges of urban disasters in the coming years. Chapters range from country-specific case studies to more synthetic frameworks in order to promote innovative thinking and practical solutions. Edited by David Sanderson, Jerold S. Kayden and Julia Leis, this book is a crucial read for humanitarian and disaster specialists, urban planners and designers, architects, landscape architects, housing and economic development professionals, real estate developers, private business managers and students interested in the subject, whether based in non-governmental organizations, local, state or national governments, international agencies, private firms, or the academy.

Agriculture for improved nutrition: Seizing the momentum

Author: Fan, Shenggen,Yosef, Sivan,Pandya-Lorch, Rajul

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 1786399318

Category: Political Science

Page: 233

View: 7636

Agriculture's vast potential to improve nutrition is just beginning to be tapped. New ideas, research, and initiatives developed over the past decade have created an opportunity for reimagining and redesigning agricultural and food systems for the benefit of nutrition. To support this transformation, the book reviews the latest findings, results from on-the-ground programs and interventions, and recent policy experiences from countries around the world that are bringing the agriculture and nutrition sectors closer together. Drawing on IFPRI's own work and that of the growing agriculture-nutrition community, this book strengthens the evidence base for, and expands our vision of, how agriculture can contribute to nutrition. Chapters cover an array of issues that link agriculture and nutrition, including food value chains, nutrition-sensitive programs and policies, government policies, and private sector investments. By highlighting both achievements and setbacks, Agriculture for Improved Nutrition seeks to inspire those who want to scale up successes that can transform food systems and improve the nutrition of billions of people.

Global Monitoring Report 2012

Food Prices, Nutrition, and the Millennium Development Goals

Author: World Bank,International Monetary Fund

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821395238

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 3492

This year's report summarizes the short- and long-term impact of food prices on several MDGs, explores future trends, and review policy responses, from domestic policies such as social safety nets, nutritional programs and agricultural policies, to regional trade policies to support by the international community.

Enhancing resilience to climate-induced conflict in the Horn of Africa

Author: Calderone, Margherita,Headey, Derek,Maystadt, Jean-François

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 4

View: 6822

Recent research sheds new light on the relationships among climatic shocks, conflict, household and community resilience, and policy interventions that can break the vicious climate?conflict cycle. This brief reviews this research and outlines its implications for regional development strategies, with special attention to pastoralist populations, who appear to be increasingly vulnerable.

The role of extension and advisory services in building resilience of smallholder farmers

Author: Davis, Kristin,Babu, Suresh Chandra,Blom, Sylvia

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 4

View: 9286

Although there is an increasing base of literature on extension and advisory services, their role in building resilience in particular has not yet been explored empirically. The literature on resilience in general is itself only in the nascent stage. However, past intervention efforts that attempt to move from emergency responses to long-term development indicate that without well-capacitated systems for implementing interventions, such a transition could be difficult. This brief explores the sustainable-livelihoods framework to conceptualize the capacity needs of resilience-focused extension and advisory services. It indicates where to move the policy and research agenda forward with regard to the role of extension and advisory services in building resilience.

2013 Global Hunger Index

The challenge of hunger: Building resilience to achieve food and nutrition security

Author: von Grebmer, Klaus,Headey, Derek,Béné, Christophe,Haddad, Lawrence,Olofinbiyi, Tolulope,Wiesmann, Doris,Fritschel, Heidi,Yin, Sandra,Yohannes, Yisehac,Foley, Connell,von Oppeln, Constanze,Iseli, Bettina

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896298337

Category: Social Science

Page: 8

View: 9223

The 2013 GHI report focuses on resilience in theory and in practice. The relief and development communities have long struggled to understand why some people fare better than others when confronting stresses or shocks. Given that world hunger remains “serious” according to the index, resilience-building efforts are much needed to help poor and vulnerable people cope with hunger seasons, droughts, and other natural and manmade disasters both short-term and long-term. Building resilience will involve boosting food and nutrition security. In order to achieve that goal, the humanitarian and development communities must work together.

Local sources of resilience

Working with social capital

Author: Bernier, Quinn,Meinzen-Dick, Ruth

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 4

View: 8818

People have always faced shocks and have devised a variety of institutional responses to cope with, recover from, and prevent future impacts. Central to these shocks and this coping capacity, but often underexplored, is the role of social capital. Social capital includes “features of social organization, such as networks, norms, and social trust, that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutual benefit” and can serve as an asset for communities, enabling them to engage in and benefit from collective action and cooperation. While social capital takes many forms, of particular interest here are local-level organizations and less formal social networks. Having long played a role in individual, household, and community risk-smoothing and risk-sharing practices, social capital has also been identified as a vital component of adaptive capacity as well as a key factor contributing to post-disaster recovery. Practitioners often assume that the poor, who lack other assets, can develop, acquire, and utilize social capital instead; however, as many studies have illustrated, the poor face significant challenges in building and using this resource. Moreover, social capital by itself may not be sufficient to encourage proactive adaptive behaviors and changes; external interventions may be needed to strengthen indigenous associations and support for resilience. However, clearly understanding local-level social capital is necessary for such interventions to effectively engage with, and not erode, effective local responses. This brief explores how local forms of social capital can contribute to resilience and how policy interventions can build up, support, and deepen these connections.

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector

Proceedings of a Joint FAO/OECD Workshop 23-24 April 2012

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 346

View: 9666

Globally, climactic conditions are increasingly variable, and the intensity of their effects stronger. As climate change brings new uncertainties, risks and changes to already existing risks, one of the most efficient ways for agriculture to adapt is increasing its resilience. In April 2012, the joint FAO/OECD Workshop on "Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector" was held to address these issues in different agro-ecological and socio-economic contexts, and to illustrate how building resilience is critical to adapting to climate change. The various sessions of the Workshop questioned the notion of resilience from very different angles, confronting concepts, specific risk management strategies, case studies and national policies, from different perspectives biophysical, economic, or social and institutional and at various scales, from farm and household to national and global. This publication is a compilation of the papers presented at the W

Family Problems

Stress, Risk, and Resilience

Author: Joyce A. Arditti

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118352696

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 2531

Family Problems: Stress, Risk, and Resilience presents aninterdisciplinary collection of original essays that push theboundaries of family science to reflect the increasingly diversecomplexity of family concerns in the modern world. Represents the most up-to-date family problem research whileaddressing such contemporary issues as parental incarceration, samesex marriage, health care disparities, and welfare reform Features brief chapter introductions that provide context anddirection to guide the student to the heart of what’simportant in the piece that follows Includes critical thinking questions to enhance the utility ofthe book for classroom use Responds to family problem issues through the lens of a socialjustice perspective

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2018

Building climate resilience for food security and nutrition

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund,World Health Organization ,World Food Programme ,International Fund for Agriculture Development

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251305714

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 2644

New evidence this year corroborates the rise in world hunger observed in this report last year, sending a warning that more action is needed if we aspire to end world hunger and malnutrition in all its forms by 2030. Updated estimates show the number of people who suffer from hunger has been growing over the past three years, returning to prevailing levels from almost a decade ago. Although progress continues to be made in reducing child stunting, over 22 percent of children under five years of age are still affected. Other forms of malnutrition are also growing: adult obesity continues to increase in countries irrespective of their income levels, and many countries are coping with multiple forms of malnutrition at the same time – overweight and obesity, as well as anaemia in women, and child stunting and wasting. Last year’s report showed that the failure to reduce world hunger is closely associated with the increase in conflict and violence in several parts of the world. In some countries, initial evidence showed climate-related events were also undermining food security and nutrition. This year’s report goes further to show that climate variability and extremes – even without conflict – are key drivers behind the recent rise in global hunger and one of the leading causes of severe food crises and their impact on people’s nutrition and health. Climate variability and exposure to more complex, frequent and intense climate extremes are threatening to erode and reverse gains in ending hunger and malnutrition. Furthermore, hunger is significantly worse in countries where agriculture systems are highly sensitive to rainfall, temperature and severe drought, and where the livelihood of a high proportion of the population depends on agriculture. The findings of this report reveal new challenges to ending hunger, food insecurity and all forms of malnutrition. There is an urgent need to accelerate and scale up actions that strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity of people and their livelihoods to climate variability and extremes. These and other findings are detailed in the 2018 edition of The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World.

The New Politics of Strategic Resources

Energy and Food Security Challenges in the 21st Century

Author: David Steven,Emily O'Brien,Bruce D. Jones

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815725345

Category: Political Science

Page: 365

View: 4213

Since 2008, energy and food markets—those most fundamental to human existence—have remained in turmoil. Resource scarcity has had a much bigger global impact in recent years than has been predicted, with ongoing volatility a sign that the world is only part-way through navigating a treacherous transition in the way it uses resources. Scarcity, and perceptions of scarcity, increase political risks, while geopolitical turmoil exacerbates shortages and complicates the search for solutions. The New Politics of Strategic Resources examines the political dimensions of strategic resource challenges at the domestic and international levels. For better or worse, energy and food markets are shaped by perceptions of national interest and do not behave as traditional market goods. So while markets are an essential part of any response to tighter resource supplies, governments also will play a key role. David Steven, Emily O'Brien, Bruce Jones, and their colleagues discuss what those roles are and what they should be. The architecture for coordinating multilateral responses to these dynamics has fallen short, raising questions about the effective international management of these issues. Politics impede here too, as the major powers must negotiate political and security trade-offs to cooperate on the design of more robust international regimes and mechanisms for resource security and the provision of global public goods. This timely volume includes chapters on major powers (United States, India, China) and key suppliers (Russia, Saudi Arabia). The contributors also address thematic topics, such as the interaction between oil and state fragility; the changing political dynamics of climate change; and the politics of resource subsidies.

Digestive Wellness for Children

How to Strengthen the Immune System & Prevent Disease Through Healthy Digestion: Easyread Super Large 24pt Edition

Author: Elizabeth Lipski

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com

ISBN: 1442996099

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 484

View: 7461

The health of our children is determined by their environment, the food they eat, the media they consume, the way they use their bodies, the love (or abuse) they receive, and the chemicals to which they are exposed. We've recently become aware of the increasingly large numbers of children who are overweight and/or suffer from mental illness and other health problems. Fortunately, it's not too late to do something about this sad state of affairs. Children are extremely resilient, and a great deal of research on the role of nutrition in health, development, and disease is pointing the way toward natural approaches to our children's health care. Digestive Wellness for Children is a primer for all parents who are interested in learning about, and actively supporting, their children's digestive health.....The first part of this book is an overview of children's health issues. The second part is a ""crash course"" in nutrition awareness. The third part examines numerous digestive conditions from infancy to adolescence and from mouth to bowel - including food sensitivities/allergies; leaky gut syndrome; colic, teething, and spitting up; gastroesophageal reflux/hiatal hernia; Hirschsprung's disease; celiac disease; ulcerative colitis; and Crohn's disease. The fourth part discusses and offers natural supportive and healing options for digestive and other issues associated with a myriad of medical problems including arthritis, asthma, attention deficit disorder, autism, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, Down syndrome, influenza, migraine, and more. Included are detailed, easily navigated appendices on laboratory tests and disease-healing options. Digestive Wellness for Children is one of the most useful and comprehensive tools for parents to use in the vital quest for their children's best health.

International Development

Ideas, Experience, and Prospects

Author: Bruce Currie-Alder,Ravi Kanbur,David M. Malone,Rohinton Medhora

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651699

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 896

View: 2011

Thinking on development informs and inspires the actions of people, organizations, and states in their continuous effort to invent a better world. This volume examines the ideas behind development: their origins, how they have changed and spread over time, and how they may evolve over the coming decades. It also examines how the real-life experiences of different countries and organizations have been inspired by, and contributed to, thinking on development. The extent to which development 'works' depends in part on particular local, historical, or institutional contexts. General policy prescriptions fail when the necessary conditions that make them work are either absent, ignored, or poorly understood. There is a need to grasp how people understand their own development experience. If the countries of the world are varied in every way, from their initial conditions to the degree of their openness to outside money and influence, and success is not centred in any one group, it stands to reason that there cannot be a single recipe for development. Each chapter provides an analytical survey of thinking about development that highlights debates and takes into account critical perspectives. It includes contributions from scholars and practitioners from the global North and the global South, spanning at least two generations and multiple disciplines. It will be a key reference on the concepts and theories of development - their origins, evolution, and trajectories - and act as a resource for scholars, graduate students, and practitioners.

Digestive Wellness for Children

How to Strengthen the Immune System & Prevent Disease Through Healthy Digestion: Easyread Super Large 20pt Edition

Author: Lipski, Elizabeth

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com

ISBN: 1442994975

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 512

View: 1529

The health of our children is determined by their environment, the food they eat, the media they consume, the way they use their bodies, the love (or abuse) they receive, and the chemicals to which they are exposed. We've recently become aware of the increasingly large numbers of children who are overweight and/or suffer from mental illness and other health problems. Fortunately, it's not too late to do something about this sad state of affairs. Children are extremely resilient, and a great deal of research on the role of nutrition in health, development, and disease is pointing the way toward natural approaches to our children's health care. Digestive Wellness for Children is a primer for all parents who are interested in learning about, and actively supporting, their children's digestive health.....The first part of this book is an overview of children's health issues. The second part is a ""crash course"" in nutrition awareness. The third part examines numerous digestive conditions from infancy to adolescence and from mouth to bowel - including food sensitivities/allergies; leaky gut syndrome; colic, teething, and spitting up; gastroesophageal reflux/hiatal hernia; Hirschsprung's disease; celiac disease; ulcerative colitis; and Crohn's disease. The fourth part discusses and offers natural supportive and healing options for digestive and other issues associated with a myriad of medical problems including arthritis, asthma, attention deficit disorder, autism, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, Down syndrome, influenza, migraine, and more. Included are detailed, easily navigated appendices on laboratory tests and disease-healing options. Digestive Wellness for Children is one of the most useful and comprehensive tools for parents to use in the vital quest for their children's best health.

Food Security, Gender and Resilience

Improving Smallholder and Subsistence Farming

Author: Leigh Brownhill,Esther Njuguna,Kimberly L. Bothi,Bernard Pelletier,Lutta Muhammad,Gordon M. Hickey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317596579

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 5224

Through the integration of gender analysis into resilience thinking, this book shares field-based research insights from a collaborative, integrated project aimed at improving food security in subsistence and smallholder agricultural systems. The scope of the book is both local and multi-scalar. The gendered resilience framework, illustrated here with detailed case studies from semi-arid Kenya, is shown to be suitable for use in analysis in other geographic regions and across disciplines. The book examines the importance of gender equity to the strengthening of socio-ecological resilience. Case studies reflect multidisciplinary perspectives and focus on a range of issues, from microfinance to informal seed systems. The book’s gender perspective also incorporates consideration of age or generational relations and cultural dimensions in order to embrace the complexity of existing socio-economic realities in rural farming communities. The issue of succession of farmland has become a general concern, both to farmers and to researchers focused on building resilient farming systems. Building resilience here is shown to involve strengthening households’ and communities’ overall livelihood capabilities in the face of ongoing climate change, global market volatility and political instability.

Synopsis: Global Nutrition Report 2014

Actions and accountability to accelerate the world’s progress on nutrition

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896298612

Category: Social Science

Page: 4

View: 5819

Good nutrition is the bedrock upon which to build healthy lives, strong and resilient livelihoods, and thriving economies. In its absence, their construction takes place on quicksand. Stunted children fail to grow and develop properly, with impairment to brains and immune systems being particular problems. Malnourished women of childbearing age do not have enough iron in their blood to feed their muscles. Many adults carry so much excess weight they put their heart and lungs under extreme stress and may suffer from diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease. Malnutrition leads to 11 percent of gross national product being squandered as a result of lives lost, less learning in school, less earning in the workplace, and days lost to illness. And malnourished mothers are more likely to give birth to malnourished newborns, perpetuating the intergenerational transmission of poverty. Malnutrition corrodes the body, the economy, and the future. Ambitions for sustainable development are likely to be thwarted by its presence.

Synopsis: Global Nutrition Report 2015

Actions and accountability to advance nutrition and sustainable development

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896298876

Category: Social Science

Page: 12

View: 1573

As we move into the post-2015 era of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the world faces many seemingly intractable problems. Malnutrition should not be one of them. Countries that are determined to make rapid advances in malnutrition reduction can do so, and the incentives to improve nutrition are strong. Good nutrition provides a vital foundation for human development, central to meeting our full potential. When nutrition status improves, it leads to a host of positive outcomes for individuals and families. Many more children will live to see their fifth birthdays, their growth will be less disrupted, and they will gain in height and weight. They will learn more in school because their brain function is not impaired. As a result of this positive early environment, as adults they will have better jobs and get ill less often. Older adults will age more healthily and live longer.