Resilience for food and nutrition security

Author: Fan, Shenggen,Pandya-Lorch, Rajul,Yosef, Sivan

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896296784

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 2112

Economic shocks including food price shocks, environmental shocks, social shocks, political shocks, health shocks, and many other types of shocks hit poor people and communities around the world, compromising their efforts to improve their well-being. As shocks evolve and become more frequent or intense, they further threaten people’s food and nutrition security and their livelihoods. How do we help people and communities to become more resilient, to not only bounce back from shocks but to also to get ahead of them and improve their well-being so that they are less vulnerable to the next shock? How do we get better at coping with—and even thriving—in the presence of shocks?

Urban Disaster Resilience

New Dimensions from International Practice in the Built Environment

Author: David Sanderson,Jerold S. Kayden,Julia Leis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131753395X

Category: Architecture

Page: 232

View: 8572

Accelerating urbanization worldwide means more urban-centered disasters. Floods, earthquakes, storms and conflicts affecting densely populated areas produce significant losses in lives, livelihoods and the built environment, especially in comparison to rural areas. Poor urban dwellers, almost always the most vulnerable, too often bear the brunt. Aid agencies and urban professionals have been slowly adapting to these new conditions, but older models and practices hinder the most effective engagements. Drawing directly from the experiences of urban disasters in the Philippines, Chile, India, Thailand, Iraq, Haiti and Nepal, among other countries, Urban Disaster Resilience brings to light new collaborations and techniques for addressing the challenges of urban disasters in the coming years. Chapters range from country-specific case studies to more synthetic frameworks in order to promote innovative thinking and practical solutions. Edited by David Sanderson, Jerold S. Kayden and Julia Leis, this book is a crucial read for humanitarian and disaster specialists, urban planners and designers, architects, landscape architects, housing and economic development professionals, real estate developers, private business managers and students interested in the subject, whether based in non-governmental organizations, local, state or national governments, international agencies, private firms, or the academy.

Building resilient food systems: An analytical review

Author: Iyappan, Karunya,Babu, Suresh Chandra

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 65

View: 1877

In this paper we undertake an analytical review of the extant literature on the building food system resilience. While the concept of food system resilience has become a topical issue in global and national policy discussion, there is little research on how to develop operational procedures to design and implement interventions from the food system and resilience perspective. This review identifies five major entry points to strengthen food system resilience in the national context: policy, institutions, technology, capacity, and governance. Measurement issues and analytical approaches to studying food system resilience are reviewed. We conclude that while there is a large gap in the methodological approaches to study the food system resilience, beginning with the case studies of understanding specific elements of a food system and their role in enhancing resilience would be good starting point for addressing thematic issues, challenges and constraints facing resilience of the food systems.

Food Security, Gender and Resilience

Improving Smallholder and Subsistence Farming

Author: Leigh Brownhill,Esther Njuguna,Kimberly L. Bothi,Bernard Pelletier,Lutta Muhammad,Gordon M. Hickey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317596587

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 9532

Through the integration of gender analysis into resilience thinking, this book shares field-based research insights from a collaborative, integrated project aimed at improving food security in subsistence and smallholder agricultural systems. The scope of the book is both local and multi-scalar. The gendered resilience framework, illustrated here with detailed case studies from semi-arid Kenya, is shown to be suitable for use in analysis in other geographic regions and across disciplines. The book examines the importance of gender equity to the strengthening of socio-ecological resilience. Case studies reflect multidisciplinary perspectives and focus on a range of issues, from microfinance to informal seed systems. The book’s gender perspective also incorporates consideration of age or generational relations and cultural dimensions in order to embrace the complexity of existing socio-economic realities in rural farming communities. The issue of succession of farmland has become a general concern, both to farmers and to researchers focused on building resilient farming systems. Building resilience here is shown to involve strengthening households’ and communities’ overall livelihood capabilities in the face of ongoing climate change, global market volatility and political instability.

Resilient Livelihoods

Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org

ISBN: 9789251076248

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 91

View: 9528

The FAO Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security Framework Programme aims to provide strategic direction to the implementation of disaster risk reduction measures in member countries across the agricultural-related sectors in line with the Hyogo Framework for Action and its five priority areas. In addition, it pro[?\?[[\Y\?\[\H[B?[[X]X?\ \ \\?YX?[ []][?B ]KH[Y?][?HY?X?\K]\ \?\Y\ \?H[B]\[\?\?X[Y?Y[ \ [?HYX?][H?CB]\?][Z [\?[H\Y\?[?H?\ X X X]H?\ \\ [?B [MN?\ [OI ZY N [ B [L [OI ZY N [ B?BZY?L?[OI?ZY?MK ?BZY?L?\ [OI?ZY?MK \] I?M?LLL ?MO?B?\?H?[OI \] N \[Y?I B?\ [OI \] N \[Y?I B?\?H?[OI \] N \[Y?I B?\ [OI \] N \[Y?I H[' B ]HHH?YH O?[?[OI?\?N?I?[XH?X?[?B[[?X?[ [?B?\ [OI \] N \[Y?I B?\?H?[OI \] N \[Y?I B?\?H?[OI \] N \[Y?I B?\ [OI \] N \[Y?I?T L?B?\ [OI \] N \[Y?I [Y?X?\CB" ][? 'S B?\ [OI \] N \[Y?I K?L B?\?H?[OI \] N \[Y?I B?\ [OI \] N \[Y?I?T?B?\ [Y?\Y [OI \] N \[Y?I?[O?B?\ [Y?\Y [OI \] N \[Y?I?[OO?B?\?H?[OI \] N \[Y?I B?\ [Y?\Y [OI \] N \[Y?I?[OM?B?\?H?[OI \] N \[Y?I B?\ [OI \] N \[Y?I [Y?X?\CB" ][? 'S

Strengthening the DSM

Incorporating Resilience and Cultural Competence

Author: Barbara Stevens Barnum, PhD,Dr. Betty Garcia, PhD, LCSW,Anne Petrovich, PhD, LCSW

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826118820

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 7264

As it stands, the DSM fails to address important sources of strength and resiliency that can significantly affect diagnosis and treatment. The authors of this transformative volume propose enhancements to the current diagnostic and classification system that encompass the biopsychosocial, cultural, and spiritual milieus of individuals and acknowledge the strengths originating from personal, family, and community resources. This proposed Axis VI addresses contextual and individual factors related to diversity, equity, and resiliency, thereby enabling an understanding of the whole person and offering significant resources for treatment. Within each chapter the authors demonstrate the use of strength-based multicultural diagnostic processes and application of Axis VI to specific disorders, including mood disorders, anxiety disorders, conduct disorders, oppositional/defiant disorder, dementia/Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia and other psychoses, and substance-related and co-occurring disorders. The text also reviews relevant etiology and evidence-based research for each disorder and highlights current strength-based and culturally competent approaches to diagnosis and treatment. For the utmost clarification, case vignettes for each disorder describe diagnosis with and without the use of Axis VI. Key Features: Demonstrates the potential of a strength-based, culturally competent approach to improve mental health diagnosis and treatment Addresses current perspectives on the role of biological, genetic, and psychosocial factors in mental illness Includes current research on the course of illness and findings on co-occurring disorders, as well as risk and protective factors Identifies evidence-informed practice that builds on neurobiological and psychosocial findings Explores factors related to social justice and disempowerment issues in relation to disorders Offers current findings from equity and diversity-based research Reviews current DSM-5 discussion of specific disorders Presents case vignettes including their multiaxial diagnosis with and without Axis VI

Nourishing millions: Stories of change in nutrition: Synopsis

Author: Yosef, Sivan,Pandya-Lorch, Rajul

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896299902

Category: Political Science

Page: 4

View: 3794

In recent years, the world has seen unprecedented attention and political commitment to addressing malnutrition. Milestones such as the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement, the Lancet Maternal and Child Nutrition Series, and the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) have marked the rapid rise of nutrition on the global policy and research agenda. These developments reverse years of relative neglect for nutrition. Undernutrition is a global challenge with huge social and economic costs. It kills millions of young children annually, stunts growth, erodes child development, reduces the amount of schooling children attain, and increases the likelihood of their being poor as adults, if they survive. Stunting persists through a lifetime and beyond—underweight mothers are more likely to give birth to underweight children, perpetuating undernutrition across generations. Undernutrition reduces global gross domestic product by US$1.4–$2.1 trillion a year—the size of the total economy of Africa south of the Sahara.

Reshaping Agriculture for Nutrition and Health

Author: Shenggen Fan,Rajul Pandya-Lorch

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896296733

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 6746

The fundamental purpose of agriculture is not just to produce food and raw materials, but also to grow healthy, well-nourished people. One of the sector’s most important tasks then is to provide food of sufficient quantity and quality to feed and nourish the world’s population sustainably so that all people can lead healthy, productive lives. Achieving this goal will require closer collaboration across the sectors of agriculture, nutrition, and health, which have long operated in separate spheres with little recognition of how their actions affect each other. It is time for agriculture, nutrition, and health to join forces in pursuit of the common goal of improving human well-being. In Reshaping Agriculture for Nutrition and Health, leading experts, practitioners, and policymakers explore the links among agriculture, nutrition, and health and identify ways to strengthen related policies and programs. The chapters in this book were originally commissioned as background papers or policy briefs for the conference “Leveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health,” facilitated by the International Food Policy Research Institute’s 2020 Vision Initiative in New Delhi, India, in February 2011.

HOW TO BUILD RESILIENCE TO CONFLICT

The Role of Food Security

Author: Breisinger, Clemens,Ecker, Olivier,Maystadt, Jean-François,Trinh Tan, Jean-François,Al-Riffai, Perrihan,Bouzar, Khalida,Sma, Abdelkarim,Abdelgadir, Mohamed

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896295664

Category: Social Science

Page: 46

View: 1688

This Food Policy Report explains why there is a need to place even higher priority on food security-related policies and programs in conflict-prone countries, and offers insights for policymakers regarding how to do so. To understand the relationship between conflict and food security, this report builds a new conceptual framework of food security and applies it to four case studies on Egypt, Somalia, Sudan, and Yemen. It argues that food security-related policies and programs build resilience to conflict insofar as they are expected not only to help countries and people cope with and recover from conflict but also to contribute to preventing conflicts and support economic development more broadly: by helping countries and people become even better off.

Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electricity System

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee on Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electric Power Transmission and Distribution System

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309463076

Category: Science

Page: 170

View: 1751

Americans’ safety, productivity, comfort, and convenience depend on the reliable supply of electric power. The electric power system is a complex “cyber-physical†system composed of a network of millions of components spread out across the continent. These components are owned, operated, and regulated by thousands of different entities. Power system operators work hard to assure safe and reliable service, but large outages occasionally happen. Given the nature of the system, there is simply no way that outages can be completely avoided, no matter how much time and money is devoted to such an effort. The system’s reliability and resilience can be improved but never made perfect. Thus, system owners, operators, and regulators must prioritize their investments based on potential benefits. Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation’s Electricity System focuses on identifying, developing, and implementing strategies to increase the power system’s resilience in the face of events that can cause large-area, long-duration outages: blackouts that extend over multiple service areas and last several days or longer. Resilience is not just about lessening the likelihood that these outages will occur. It is also about limiting the scope and impact of outages when they do occur, restoring power rapidly afterwards, and learning from these experiences to better deal with events in the future.

Enhancing resilience to climate-induced conflict in the Horn of Africa

Author: Calderone, Margherita,Headey, Derek,Maystadt, Jean-François

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 4

View: 7029

Recent research sheds new light on the relationships among climatic shocks, conflict, household and community resilience, and policy interventions that can break the vicious climate?conflict cycle. This brief reviews this research and outlines its implications for regional development strategies, with special attention to pastoralist populations, who appear to be increasingly vulnerable.

Gender, Nutrition, and the Human Right to Adequate Food

Toward an Inclusive Framework

Author: Anne C. Bellows,Flavio L.S. Valente,Stefanie Lemke,María Daniela Núñez Burbano de Lara

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134738730

Category: Social Science

Page: 514

View: 6334

This book introduces the human right to adequate food and nutrition as evolving concept and identifies two structural "disconnects" fueling food insecurity for a billion people, and disproportionally affecting women, children, and rural food producers: the separation of women’s rights from their right to adequate food and nutrition, and the fragmented attention to food as commodity and the medicalization of nutritional health. Three conditions arising from these disconnects are discussed: structural violence and discrimination frustrating the realization of women’s human rights, as well as their private and public contributions to food and nutrition security for all; many women’s experience of their and their children’s simultaneously independent and intertwined subjectivities during pregnancy and breastfeeding being poorly understood in human rights law and abused by poorly-regulated food and nutrition industry marketing practices; and the neoliberal economic system’s interference both with the autonomy and self-determination of women and their communities and with the strengthening of sustainable diets based on democratically governed local food systems. The book calls for a social movement-led reconceptualization of the right to adequate food toward incorporating gender, women’s rights, and nutrition, based on the food sovereignty framework.

Toward Resilience

A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation

Author: Marilise Turnbull,Charlotte L. Sterrett,Amy Hilleboe

Publisher: Practical Action

ISBN: 9781853397868

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 9243

Toward Resilience: A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation is an introductory resource for development and humanitarian practitioners working with populations at risk of disasters and other impacts of climate change.

The role of extension and advisory services in building resilience of smallholder farmers

Author: Davis, Kristin,Babu, Suresh Chandra,Blom, Sylvia

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 4

View: 4032

Although there is an increasing base of literature on extension and advisory services, their role in building resilience in particular has not yet been explored empirically. The literature on resilience in general is itself only in the nascent stage. However, past intervention efforts that attempt to move from emergency responses to long-term development indicate that without well-capacitated systems for implementing interventions, such a transition could be difficult. This brief explores the sustainable-livelihoods framework to conceptualize the capacity needs of resilience-focused extension and advisory services. It indicates where to move the policy and research agenda forward with regard to the role of extension and advisory services in building resilience.

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector

Proceedings of a Joint FAO/OECD Workshop 23-24 April 2012

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 346

View: 6553

Globally, climactic conditions are increasingly variable, and the intensity of their effects stronger. As climate change brings new uncertainties, risks and changes to already existing risks, one of the most efficient ways for agriculture to adapt is increasing its resilience. In April 2012, the joint FAO/OECD Workshop on "Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector" was held to address these issues in different agro-ecological and socio-economic contexts, and to illustrate how building resilience is critical to adapting to climate change. The various sessions of the Workshop questioned the notion of resilience from very different angles, confronting concepts, specific risk management strategies, case studies and national policies, from different perspectives biophysical, economic, or social and institutional and at various scales, from farm and household to national and global. This publication is a compilation of the papers presented at the W

Developing a Framework for Measuring Community Resilience

Summary of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Resilient America Roundtable,Committee on Measures of Community Resilience: From Lessons Learned to Lessons Applied

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309347416

Category: Social Science

Page: 49

View: 3584

The 2012 National Research Council report Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative highlighted the challenges of increasing national resilience in the United States. One finding of the report was that "without numerical means of assessing resilience, it would be impossible to identify the priority needs for improvement, to monitor changes, to show that resilience had improved, or to compare the benefits of increasing resilience with the associated costs." Although measuring resilience is a challenge, metrics and indicators to evaluate progress, and the data necessary to establish the metric, are critical for helping communities to clarify and formalize what the concept of resilience means for them, and to support efforts to develop and prioritize resilience investments. One of the recommendations from the 2012 report stated that government entities at federal, state, and local levels and professional organizations should partner to help develop a framework for communities to adapt to their circumstances and begin to track their progress toward increasing resilience. To build upon this recommendation and begin to help communities formulate such a framework, the Resilient America Roundtable of the National Academies convened the workshop Measures of Community Resilience: From Lessons Learned to Lessons Applied on September 5, 2014 in Washington, D.C. The workshop's overarching objective was to begin to develop a framework of measures and indicators that could support community efforts to increase their resilience. The framework will be further developed through feedback and testing in pilot and other partner communities that are working with the Resilient America Roundtable. This report is a summary of the one-day workshop, which consisted of a keynote address and two panel sessions in the morning and afternoon breakout sessions that began the discussion on how to develop a framework of resilience measures.

Global Monitoring Report 2012

Food Prices, Nutrition, and the Millennium Development Goals

Author: World Bank,International Monetary Fund

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821395238

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 7706

This year's report summarizes the short- and long-term impact of food prices on several MDGs, explores future trends, and review policy responses, from domestic policies such as social safety nets, nutritional programs and agricultural policies, to regional trade policies to support by the international community.

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging

A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series

Author: Marco Malavolta,Eugenio Mocchegiani

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128018275

Category: Medical

Page: 784

View: 635

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on the nutritional issues associated with aging and the important metabolic consequences of diet, nutrition, and health. The book is subdivided into four parts that reflect the impact of nutrition from a biomolecular level to individual health. In Part One, chapters explore the general aspects of aging, aging phenotypes, and relevant aspects of nutrition related to the elderly and healthy aging. Part Two includes molecular and cellular targets of nutrition in aging, with chapters exploring lipid peroxidation, inflammaging, anabolic and catabolic signaling, epigenetics, DNA damage and repair, redox homeostasis, and insulin sensitivity, among others. Part Three looks at system-level and organ targets of nutrition in aging, including a variety of tissues, systems, and diseases, such as immune function, the cardiovascular system, the brain and dementia, muscle, bone, lung, and many others. Finally, Part Four focuses on the health effects of specific dietary compounds and dietary interventions in aging, including vitamin D, retinol, curcumin, folate, iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, vitamin B, fish oil, vitamin E, resveratrol, polyphenols, vegetables, and fruit, as well as the current nutritional recommendations. Offers updated information and a perspectives on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of aging Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of aging across body systems Investigates the molecular and genetic basis of aging and cellular senescence through the lens of the rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

2013 Global Hunger Index

The challenge of hunger: Building resilience to achieve food and nutrition security

Author: von Grebmer, Klaus,Headey, Derek,Béné, Christophe,Haddad, Lawrence,Olofinbiyi, Tolulope,Wiesmann, Doris,Fritschel, Heidi,Yin, Sandra,Yohannes, Yisehac,Foley, Connell,von Oppeln, Constanze,Iseli, Bettina

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896298337

Category: Social Science

Page: 8

View: 4015

The 2013 GHI report focuses on resilience in theory and in practice. The relief and development communities have long struggled to understand why some people fare better than others when confronting stresses or shocks. Given that world hunger remains “serious” according to the index, resilience-building efforts are much needed to help poor and vulnerable people cope with hunger seasons, droughts, and other natural and manmade disasters both short-term and long-term. Building resilience will involve boosting food and nutrition security. In order to achieve that goal, the humanitarian and development communities must work together.