Essays for Peter Birks
Author: C.E.F. Rickett,Ross Grantham
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Peter Birks's tragically early death, and his immense influence around the world, led immediately to the call for a volume of essays in his honour by scholars who had known him as a colleague, teacher and friend. One such volume, published in 2006, contained essays largely from scholars working in England (Mapping the Law: Essays in Memory of Peter Birks, edited by Andrew Burrows and Lord Rodger). This volume contains the essays of those outside England who chose to honour Peter, and appears later than the English volume, reflecting the far flung habitations of its authors. The essays contained in this volume are focussed around the law of unjust enrichment, but are not narrowly preoccupied - instead they move freely from unjust enrichment to some of the most profound questions in private law concerning taxonomy, the relationship between contract, property and unjust enrichment, and the place of remedies within private law. This volume, featuring the work of some of the world's great private lawyers, provides a fitting tribute to a great scholar, and a series of thought-provoking essays inspired by his example. Contributors Kit Barker Michael Bryan Peter Butler Hanoch Dagan Simone Degeling Daniel Friedmann Mark Gergen Ross Grantham Steve Hedley John McCamus Mitchell McInnes Eoin O'Dell Charles Rickett Struan Scott Emily Sherwin Stephen Smith Richard Sutton Michael Tilbury Stephen Waddams Peter Watts Ernest Weinrib Eric Descheemaeker
Author: Martin Flohr
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
Lasst sich die Prasenz dogmatischen Denkens als Beleg fur den europaischen Charakter des englischen Rechts anfuhren? Martin Flohr erhellt den geistesgeschichtlichen Hintergrund des englischen Rechtsdenkens, zeichnet ein Bild der englischen Rechtsmentalitat und deckt die institutionellen Hindernisse auf, die der Verbreitung dogmatischer Methoden entgegenstanden. Seit einigen Jahren ist ein tiefgreifender Wandel des Selbstverstandnisses englischer Universitatsjuristen zu beobachten. In der lebhaften Debatte daruber, ob und gegebenenfalls wie das Fallrecht systematisiert werden kann, ohne es zu verfalschen und seiner Anpassungsfahigkeit zu berauben, wird der Mentalitatsbruch besonders deutlich. Wahrend die altere Generation der Rechtslehrer sich mit einer akkuraten Darstellung der Kasuistik begnugt hatte, sucht der wissenschaftliche Nachwuchs nach der inneren Struktur des Rechts sowie den bestmoglichen Erklarungen fur dessen Regeln. Martin Flohr stellt verschiedene Forschungsansatze vor, die eine Rationalisierung des Privatrechts versprechen, und eroffnet damit auch eine neue Perspektive auf die Grundlagen der kontinentaleuropaischen Jurisprudenz.
Author: Donal Nolan,Andrew Robertson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
In recent years a strand of thinking has developed in private law scholarship which has come to be known as 'rights' or 'rights-based' analysis. Rights analysis seeks to develop an understanding of private law obligations that is driven, primarily or exclusively, by the recognition of the rights we have against each other, rather than by other influences on private law, such as the pursuit of community welfare goals. Notions of rights are also assuming greater importance in private law in other respects. Human rights instruments are having an increasing influence on private law doctrines. And in the law of unjust enrichment, an important debate has recently begun on the relationship between restitution of rights and restitution of value. This collection is a significant contribution to debate about the role of rights in private law. It includes essays by leading private law scholars addressing fundamental questions about the role of rights in private law as a whole and within particular areas of private law. The collection includes contributions by advocates and critics of rights-based approaches and provides a thorough and balanced analysis of the relationship between rights and private law.
Author: Elise Bant,Matthew Harding
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Inspired by recent debate, the purpose of this collection of essays on private law doctrines, remedies and methods is to celebrate and illustrate the contribution that both 'top-down' and 'bottom-up' methods of reasoning make to the development of private law. The contributors explore a variety of topical subjects, including judicial approaches to 'top-down' and 'bottom-up' methods; teaching trusts law; the protection of privacy in private law; the development of the law of unjust enrichment; the private law consequences of theft; equity's jurisdiction to relieve against forfeiture; the nature of fiduciary relationships and obligations; the duties of trustees; compensation and disgorgement remedies; partial rescission; the role of unconscionability in proprietary estoppel; and the nature of registered title to land.
Author: Hanoch Dagan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This book demonstrates how legal realism offers important and unique jurisprudential insights that are not just a part of legal history, but are also relevant and useful for a contemporary understanding of legal theory.
Critical and Comparative Essays
Author: Charles Mitchell,William Swadling
Publisher: A&C Black
The publication of the Restatement Third: Unjust Enrichment and Restitution by the American Law Institute in July 2010 was an event of major importance, not only for the development of the law of unjust enrichment in the US, but also for global scholarship relating to this area of private law. The Restatement First appeared in 1937, and the Restatement Second was abandoned; hence the Restatement Third is the most significant survey of the American law on this topic for over 70 years. Private law has been a comparatively neglected area of study in US law schools for several decades, and this is particularly true of the law of unjust enrichment. However, the appearance of the Restatement Third has prompted a renewal of interest in the subject among US scholars, and it is hoped that the present volume of essays will contribute to this revival, while reflecting on the lessons to be learned from the Restatement by other legal systems. Featuring the work of leading scholars from the UK, Germany, South Africa, Canada, Hong Kong and Australia, the essays undertake critical and comparative analysis of the Restatement, and offer fresh insights into the rules that it articulates.
Theory and Practice
Author: Katy Barnett
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
This book defends the view that an award of an account of profits (or 'disgorgement damages') for breach of contract will sometimes be justifiable, and fits within the orthodox principles and cases in contract law. However there is some confusion as to when such an award should be made. The moral bases for disgorgement damages are deterrence and punishment, which shape the remedy in important ways. Courts are also concerned with vindication of the claimant's performance interest, and it is pivotal in these cases that the claimant cannot procure a substitute performance via an award of damages or specific relief. The book argues that disgorgement damages should be available in two categories of case: 'second sale' cases, where the defendant breaches his contract with the claimant to make a more profitable contract with a third party; and 'agency problem' cases, where the defendant promises the claimant he will not do a certain thing, and the claimant finds it difficult to supervise the performance. Moreover, disgorgement may be full or partial, and 'reasonable fee damages' for breach of contract are best understood as partial disgorgement rather than 'restitutionary damages'. Equitable bars to relief should also be adopted in relation to disgorgement damages, as should allowances for skill and effort. This book will be of interest to contract and commercial lawyers, and will be especially valuable to anyone with an interest in contract remedies and restitution. It draws on case law in a number of common law jurisdictions, primarily England and Wales, and Australia.
Author: Steven Elliott,Birke Häcker,Charles Mitchell
Publisher: A&C Black
Since the decision of the House of Lords in Woolwich Equitable Building Society v Inland Revenue Commissioners  AC 70, the law governing claims for restitution of overpaid tax has experienced rapid and profound evolution. This has been so not only in England, but also elsewhere in the common law world as well as on the European plane. The essays in this collection consider the new landscape, and explore from various doctrinal and national perspectives the issues that have confronted, and continue to confront, the courts.
Author: Hector L. MacQueen,Antoni Vaquer,Santiago Espiau Espiau
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Regions within European Union member states (such as Scotland in the UK and Catalonia in Spain) have their own legal systems: how will the process of 'Europeanization' affect them? This volume examines the phenomenon of 'regional' private law in the European Union, considering jurisdictions and laws below those of the member states and drawing comparisons with other such jurisdictions elsewhere in the world, such as Louisiana and Quebec. The whole is considered in relation to the development of European private law, and the use of codification in that process. This volume will be of interest to academic lawyers worldwide, advanced law students and European policy-makers.
Author: Lisa M Austin,Dennis Klimchuk
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The rule of law is widely perceived to be a public law doctrine, concerned with the way in which governmental authority conforms to the dictates of law. The goal of this book is to challenge this presumption. The chapters in this volume all consider the idea that the rule of law concerns the nature of law generally and the conditions under which any relationship - that among citizens as well as that between citizens and the state - becomes subject to law. Addressing two major questions, they ask if our understanding of the rule of law is enriched by considering how and to what degree it is expressed or realized in private law, and whether our understanding of the private law is enriched by adding the principles of the rule of law to the traditional list of core private law concepts. Bringing together leading philosophers of private and public law, this volume examines key questions in a little-explored field, and will be essential reading for all those interested in the rule of law and in private law theory.
Author: Hans Micklitz
Publisher: OUP Oxford
In recent years the impact of human rights and fundamental rights on private law has risen in prominence and led to a whole series of detailed investigations. 'Constitutionalization of private law' is the flag under which most of the research on the increasing impact of national constitutional rights on national private legal orders is sailing. In the absence of a European Constitution, the constitutionalization of European private law suggests a process: constitutionalization instead of constituent power, demos, and the magic constitutional moment. The Charter of Fundamental Rights and the European Convention of Human Rights constitute the two pillars on which the transformation of European private law rests. This volume clearly demonstrates the change that has taken place, at the national and at the European level. Private law is no longer immune to the intrusion of fundamental and human rights. Whilst member states and the EU are driving the process by adopting ever more concrete and more comprehensive lists of human and fundamental rights, at the national, the European, and international level with overlapping contents, the true and key players in this development are the national and European courts. Contributions to this volume give this process a face and a direction, which is highlighted in the introduction by Hans-W. Micklitz.
National and International
Author: Kurt Lipstein
Publisher: Brill Archive
This book is a revised updated version of the General Course of Lectures on Private International Law delivered at the Hague Academy of International Law in 1990. The overall purpose is to examine the development & reform of choice of law rules in a number of common law jurisdictions. Much has been written about the 'Revolution' in conflict of laws in the U.S.A.; rather less account, however, has been taken of the major changes elsewhere in the common law world. This work serves to provide a critical account of those developments over the past few decades. Some changes are more recent & of international origin, such as the European Community Rome Convention (1980) on the law applicable to contractual obligations or the Hague Conventions on Child Abduction (1980), on Marriage (1978) & on Succession (1988), & consideration is given to their impact on common law jurisdictions. The process of change is a continuous one & attention is also devoted to current proposals for reform in the fields, for example, of domicile & torts.
A Comparative Perspective of the Developing Civil Law in the People's Republic of China
Author: Jianfu Chen
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
This book is an in-depth, comparative study of the nature of civil and commercial law and of its development in the PRC. It focuses on the very complex interrelations and interactions between Party and state policies and measures, scholars' theoretical efforts and the development of civil and commercial law, especially the development of the institutions of legal personality and of property rights in the PRC. It also analyses the underlying influences of foreign legal systems and legal theories as well as the difficulties experienced by Chinese law makers and scholars in applying these theories. The book provides fresh insights into the role of law and the transformation of Chinese civil and commercial law, as now occurring in the PRC. The book is a valuable reference source for scholars who wish to explore the fascinating subject of the transformation of civil and commercial law in contemporary China.
Author: Jason W. Neyers,Richard Bronaugh,Stephen G.A. Pitel
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
In this book, leading scholars from Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States deal with important theoretical and practical issues in the law of contract and closely-related areas of private law. The articles analyse developments in the law of estoppel, mistake, undue influence, the interpretation of contracts, assignment, exclusion clauses and damages. The articles also address more theoretical issues such as discerning the limits of contract law, the role of principle in the development of contract doctrine and the morality of promising. With its rich scope of contributors and topics, Exploring Contract Law will be highly useful to lawyers, judges and academics across the common law world. Contributors: Rick Bigwood, Richard Bronaugh, Mindy Chen-Wishart, Helge Dedek, Gerald H L Fridman, Mark P Gergen, Andrew S Gold, Kelvin F K Low, Jason W Neyers, Stephen G A Pitel, Andrew Roberston, Stephen A Smith, Robert Stevens, Andrew Tettenborn, Chee Ho Tham, Catherine Valcke, Stephen Waddams, Charlie Webb. Foreword by Justice Ian Binnie of the Supreme Court of Canada
A Treatise on Need-Rational Principles in Modern Law
Author: T. Wilhelmsson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Critical Studies in Private Law discusses the prerequisites and possibilities for an alternative or critical legal dogmatics. The starting point of the analysis is the recognition of contradictions within the legal order. In this respect the theory may use the experience of both American Critical Legal Studies and the German attempts to formulate a legal theory for the social state. The key for understanding how the contradictory concrete legal material may produce varying results on the level of legal decisions is the systematization, the general principles of the law. The analysis does not, however, stop at this theoretical level. The methodology is tested through a discussion of some features of modern private law. Some key elements of contract law, including consumer law, of the Welfare State are singled out. The work focuses on the person-orientation of modern law as a challenge to the traditional abstract legal form. The aim is to explore the limits for a contract law radically oriented towards the personal social and economic needs of the parties. This endeavour involves the creation of new legal concepts such as social force majeure.
Elements of a Constructivist Theory of Justice
Author: Rainer Forst
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Contemporary philosophical pluralism recognizes the inevitability and legitimacy of multiple ethical perspectives and values, making it difficult to isolate the higher-order principles on which to base a theory of justice. Rising up to meet this challenge, Rainer Forst, a leading member of the Frankfurt School's newest generation of philosophers, conceives of an "autonomous" construction of justice founded on what he calls the basic moral right to justification. Forst begins by identifying this right from the perspective of moral philosophy. Then, through an innovative, detailed critical analysis, he ties together the central components of social and political justice freedom, democracy, equality, and toleration and joins them to the right to justification. The resulting theory treats "justificatory power" as the central question of justice, and by adopting this approach, Forst argues, we can discursively work out, or "construct," principles of justice, especially with respect to transnational justice and human rights issues. As he builds his theory, Forst engages with the work of Anglo-American philosophers such as John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, and Amartya Sen, and critical theorists such as Jürgen Habermas, Nancy Fraser, and Axel Honneth. Straddling multiple subjects, from politics and law to social protest and philosophical conceptions of practical reason, Forst brilliantly gathers contesting claims around a single, elastic theory of justice.
Author: Victor M. Muniz-Fraticelli
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Pluralism proceeds from the observation that many associations in liberal democracies claim to possess, and attempt to exercise, a measure of legitimate authority over their members. They assert that this authority does not derive from the magnanimity of a liberal and tolerant state but is grounded, rather, on the common practices and aspirations of those individuals who choose to take part in a common endeavor. As an account of the authority of associations, pluralism is distinct from other attempts to accommodate groups like multiculturalism, subsidiarity, corporatism, and associational democracy. It is consistent with the explanation of legal authority proposed by contemporary legal positivists, and recommends that the formal normative systems of highly organized groups be accorded the status of fully legal norms when they encounter the laws of the state. In this book, Muniz-Fraticelli argues that political pluralism is a convincing political tradition that makes distinctive and radical claims regarding the sources of political authority and the relationship between associations and the state. Drawing on the intellectual tradition of the British political pluralists, as well as recent developments in legal philosophy and social ontology, the book argues that political pluralism makes distinctive and radical claims regarding the sources of political authority and the relationship between associations and the state.
Author: Cosmo Graham,Fiona Smith,Fiona M Smith
Publisher: Hart Publishing
Category: Business & Economics
The question which is pursued in the series of essays in this book is whether the conceptual underpinnings of competition law and international regulatory mechanisms are adequate or appropriate to deal with the developments raised by the new economy, which rides on the crest of new technological developments.
Why Does Legal Origin Matter?
Author: Thorsten Beck,Asl? Demirgüç-Kunt,Ross Levine
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Category: Corporate governance
Although it is widely acknowledged that the benefits of corporate governance reform could be substantial, systematic evidence on such reforms is scant. We both document and evaluate a contemporary corporate governance reform by constructing 18 measures of shareholder and creditor protection for Finland for the period 1980-2000. The measures reveal that shareholder protection has been strengthened whereas creditor protection has been weakened. We also demonstrate how the reform is consistent with a reorganisation of the Finnish financial market in which a bank-centred financial system shifted from relationship-based debt finance towards increasing dominance by the stock market. We find evidence that the development of shareholder protection has been a driver of the reorganisation, whereas the changes in creditor protection have mirrored market developments.
Constitutional Pluralism and Multilevel Governance of Interdependent Public Goods
Author: Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The state-centred 'Westphalian model' of international law has failed to protect human rights and other international public goods effectively. Most international trade, financial and environmental agreements do not even refer to human rights, consumer welfare, democratic citizen participation and transnational rule of law for the benefit of citizens. This book argues that these 'multilevel governance failures' are largely due to inadequate regulation of the 'collective action problems' in the supply of international public goods, such as inadequate legal, judicial and democratic accountability of governments vis-a-vis citizens. Rather than treating citizens as mere objects of intergovernmental economic and environmental regulation and leaving multilevel governance of international public goods to discretionary 'foreign policy', human rights and constitutional democracy call for 'civilizing' and 'constitutionalizing' international economic and environmental cooperation by stronger legal and judicial protection of citizens and their constitutional rights in international economic law. Moreover intergovernmental regulation of transnational cooperation among citizens must be justified by 'principles of justice' and 'multilevel constitutional restraints' protecting rights of citizens and their 'public reason'. The reality of 'constitutional pluralism' requires respecting legitimately diverse conceptions of human rights and democratic constitutionalism. The obvious failures in the governance of interrelated trading, financial and environmental systems must be restrained by cosmopolitan, constitutional conceptions of international law protecting the transnational rule of law and participatory democracy for the benefit of citizens.