Studying Differences Between Organizations

Comparative Approaches to Organizational Research

Author: Brayden King,Teppo Felin,David A. Whetten

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1848556470

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 2526

Presents a comparative analysis as a means to explain and describe organizational heterogeneity, at varying levels and contexts. This title consists of two sections: an introductory essay section and a section that focuses on specific theoretical, methodological and empirical topics.

Configurational Theory and Methods in Organizational Research

Author: Peer C. Fiss,Bart Cambré,Axel Marx

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1781907781

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 319

View: 5145

Some 20 years after the emergence of configurational theory as a key perspective in organization studies in the 1990s, this approach has yet to deliver on its promise. While we know that configurations – the relative arrangement of parts and elements - matters, empirical research on configurations is just beginning to deliver on its promise. The starting point of the edited volume is the revival and evolution of a configurational perspective on organizations, both in terms of the use of configurational set-theoretic methods such as Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and in terms of configurational theorizing that has emerged from the use of such methods. The volume brings together a variety of scholars working with set theoretic configurational methods to apply these methods to a range of prominent fields in organization studies, ranging from organizational design, international business, and human resource practices to networks and the management of information systems. Each author or group of authors pays specific attention to assessing the potential of set-theoretical configurational methods for organization studies. Two extensive introductory chapters discuss the state of the art with regard to different set-theoretic (fuzzy set and crisp set) methods. In three response pieces leading scholars offer a reflection on the potential of set-theoretic methods for organizational analysis. The volume aims to provide both inspiration and practical advice on how to conduct configurational analysis. The chapters illustrate the breadth of organizational fields and the growing range of topics for which the configurational perspective can provides insights. This volume vividly illustrates that the configurational approach is maturing. It aims to inspire organizational scholars to develop theories and methods that truly consider organizations as clusters of interconnected structures and practices that have to be studied as configurations.

The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Methods in Health Research

Author: Ivy Bourgeault,Robert Dingwall,Ray de Vries

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446248461

Category: Social Science

Page: 786

View: 5452

The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Methods in Health Research is a comprehensive and authoritative source on qualitative research methods. The Handbook compiles accessible yet vigorous academic contributions by respected academics from the fast-growing field of qualitative methods in health research and consists of: - A series of case studies in the ways in which qualitative methods have contributed to the development of thinking in fields relevant to policy and practice in health care. - A section examining the main theoretical sources drawn on by qualitative researchers. - A section on specific techniques for the collection of data. - A section exploring issues relevant to the strategic place of qualitative research in health care environments. The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Methods in Health Research is an invaluable source of reference for all students, researchers and practitioners with a background in the health professions or health sciences.

Organisational Behaviour, Sixth Edition

Emerging Knowledge. Global Insights.

Author: Steve McShane,Mara Olekalns,Alex Newman,Angela Martin

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education Australia

ISBN: 1760423386

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 584

View: 498

The sixth edition of Organisational Behaviour inherits the rich legacy of the previous editions that have proved to be a boon for the seekers looking to enhance their knowledge and be a step ahead of their peers. The insightful text, examples that are deeply embedded in reality, and unique pedagogical features, combined with the vast experience of its authors in the field of management brings forth a product that stands tall in the market. Contemporary and Informed This learning resource presents the new trends, contemporary theories and research that encourages the reader to delve deeper in the content to better understand the current scenario in the discipline. The Asia-pacific focused approach is evident in all the latest and updated content presented in this edition. Relevant and Engaging In our quest to offer most relevant study matter, it is made sure that we know the pulse of the market. To this reason, this edition offers updated case studies accompanying each chapter and presence of OB Insight and OB Ethics makes sure that students get a unique viewpoint to the world of management. The feature, OB by the Numbers that presents survey results of the topics discussed, gives a unique flavour to each chapter. Inclusion of various chapter-end practice modules will further feed and engage the curious minds. Enables Effective Learning This book and its vast array of digital resources, offer incomparable learning opportunity to the students and academics alike. One stands to gain from the up-to-date content presented in a clear, concise, and lucid manner. Mc-Graw Hill’s breakthrough digital platforms and the knowledge they offer, make this product a must buy and a must read.

Through the Labyrinth

The Truth About How Women Become Leaders

Author: Alice H. Eagly,Linda L. Carli

Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press

ISBN: 1633690237

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 6244

Despite real progress, women remain rare enough in elite positions of power that their presence still evokes a sense of wonder. In Through the Labyrinth, Alice Eagly and Linda Carli examine why women's paths to power remain difficult to traverse. First, Eagly and Carli prove that the glass ceiling is no longer a useful metaphor and offer seven reasons why. They propose the labyrinth as a better image and explain how to navigate through it. This important and practical book addresses such critical questions as: How far have women actually come as leaders? Do stereotypes and prejudices still limit women's opportunities? Do people resist women's leadership more than men's? And, do organisations create obstacles to women who would be leaders?This book's rich analysis is founded on scientific research from psychology, economics, sociology, political science, and management. The authors ground their conclusions in that research and invoke a wealth of engaging anecdotes and personal accounts to illustrate the practical principles that emerge. With excellent leadership in short supply, no group, organisation, or nation can afford to restrict women's access to leadership roles. This book evaluates whether such restrictions are present and, when they are, what we can do to eliminate them.

Leadership in a Slum

A Bangkok Case Study

Author: Alan R. Johnson

Publisher: OCMS

ISBN: 9781870345712

Category: Bangkok (Thailand)

Page: 238

View: 7928

In Leadership in a Slum Johnson looks at leadership in the Thai social context from a different angle than traditional studies that measure well-educated Thais on leadership scales derived in the West. Seeking a cultural account of social influence processes he turns to those who have been left behind in the race to participate in a globalizing world, the urban poor. Using both systematic data collection and participant observation he develops a culturally preferred model as well as a set of models based in Thai concepts that reflect on-the-ground realities. Johnson also examines the community-state relationship and finds that in the face of state power that brings both development and the forces of eviction, the community and its leaders are not passive in this relationship but modify, reject, or resist state views in their various forms. He concludes by looking at the implications of his anthropological approach for those who are involved in leadership training in Thai settings and beyond. This work challenges the dominance of the patron-client rubric for understanding all forms of Thai leadership and offers an alternative view for understanding leadership rooted in local social systems to approaches that assume the universal applicability of leadership research findings across all cultural settings.

Applied Conversation Analysis

Intervention and Change in Institutional Talk

Author: C. Antaki

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230316875

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 286

View: 2468

Much of everyday work is done through talk between practitioner and client. Conversation Analysis is the close inspection of people's use of language in interaction. The work reported in this collection shows how CA can be used to identify, and improve, communicative practices at work.

Adherence to Long-term Therapies

Evidence for Action

Author: Eduardo Sabate,Organisation mondiale de la santé,World Health Organization,Who,UNAIDS

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241545990

Category: Medical

Page: 198

View: 9558

This report is based on an exhaustive review of the published literature on the definitions, measurements, epidemiology, economics and interventions applied to nine chronic conditions and risk factors.

Controlling the Message

New Media in American Political Campaigns

Author: Victoria A. Farrar-Myers,Justin S. Vaughn

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479886637

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 9868

Choice Outstanding Academic Title of 2016 From the presidential race to the battle for the office of New York City mayor, American political candidates’ approach to new media strategy is increasingly what makes or breaks their campaign. Targeted outreach on Facebook and Twitter, placement of a well-timed viral ad, and the ability to roll with the memes, flame wars, and downvotes that might spring from ordinary citizens’ engagement with the issues—these skills are heralded as crucial for anyone hoping to get their views heard in a chaotic election cycle. But just how effective are the kinds of media strategies that American politicians employ? And what effect, if any, do citizen-created political media have on the tide of public opinion? In Controlling the Message, Farrar-Myers and Vaughn curate a series of case studies that use real-time original research from the 2012 election season to explore how politicians and ordinary citizens use and consume new media during political campaigns. Broken down into sections that examine new media strategy from the highest echelons of campaign management all the way down to passive citizen engagement with campaign issues in places like online comment forums, the book ultimately reveals that political messaging in today’s diverse new media landscape is a fragile, unpredictable, and sometimes futile process. The result is a collection that both interprets important historical data from a watershed campaign season and also explains myriad approaches to political campaign media scholarship—an ideal volume for students, scholars, and political analysts alike.

Gender, Interaction, and Inequality

Author: Cecilia L. Ridgeway

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475721994

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 9801

Causal explanations are essential for theory building. In focusing on causal mechanisms rather than descriptive effects, the goal of this volume is to increase our theoretical understanding of the way gender operates in interaction. Theoretical analyses of gender's effects in interaction, in turn, are necessary to understand how such effects might be implicated with individual-level and social structural-level processes in the larger system of gender inequality. Despite other differences, the contributors to this book all take what might be loosely called a "microstructural" approach to gender and interaction. All agree that individuals come to interaction with certain common, socially created beliefs, cultural meanings, experiences, and social rules. These include stereotypes about gendered activities and skills, beliefs about the status value of gender, rules for interacting in certain settings, and so on. However, as individuals apply these beliefs and rules to the specific contingent events of interaction, they combine and reshape their implications in distinctive ways that are particular to the encounter. As a result, individuals actively construct their social relations in the encounter through their interaction. The patterns of relations that develop are not completely determined or scripted in advance by the beliefs and rules of the larger society. Consequently, there is a reciprocal causal relationship between constructed patterns of interaction and larger social structural forms. The constructed patterns of social relations among a set of interactants can be thought of as micro-level social structures or, more simply, "microstructures.

Managing Networks in International Business

Author: M. Forsgren,J. Johanson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317762460

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 7888

The book introduces a unique and innovative perspective for the study of international business networking. In contrast to the standard construction of models for optimal strategic decision-making, the essays in this book emphasise interpretation, learning by doing, trust and co-operation in the international business community. The editors focus upon business relationships within and between firms as well as the importance of middle management in the international arena.

Cross-Cultural Analysis

The Science and Art of Comparing the World's Modern Societies and Their Cultures

Author: Michael Minkov

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452278857

Category: Social Science

Page: 504

View: 9499

Cross-Cultural Analysis is the sequel to Culture's Consequences, the classic work published by Geert Hofstede, one of the most influential management thinkers in today's times. Hofstede's original work introduced a new research paradigm in cross-cultural analysis: studying cultural differences through nation-level dimensions (complex variables defined by intercorrelated items). This paradigm has been subsequently used by hundreds of prominent scholars all over the world and has produced solid results. This new text takes the next step: It critically examines in one comprehensive volume the current, prevalent approaches to cross-cultural analysis at the level of nations that have been developed since Hofstede's work, offering students and researchers the theoretical and practical advantages and potential pitfalls of each method. The book is structured into four distinct parts. Parts I and II focus on the main theoretical and statistical issues in cross-cultural analysis using Hofstede's approach and the different research methods now associated with it. Part II consists of presentations of all well-known (and some lesser known) large-scale cross-cultural studies since Hofstede's work that have explained cross-cultural variation in terms of dimensional models. Part III summarizes the main conclusions to be drawn from the presentations in Part II and l explains how the proposed models have contributed to our practical understanding of cross-cultural diversity.

Brocklehurst's Textbook of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology E-Book

Author: Howard M. Fillit,Kenneth Rockwood,Kenneth Woodhouse

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437720757

Category: Medical

Page: 1152

View: 8492

Popular with generations of practitioners, Brocklehurst's Textbook of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology has been the definitive reference of choice in the field of geriatric care. The new 7th Edition, by Howard M. Fillit, MD, Kenneth Rockwood, MD, and Kenneth Woodhouse, carries on this tradition with an increased clinical focus and updated coverage to help you meet the unique challenges posed by this growing patient population. Consistent discussions of clinical manifestations, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and more make reference quick and easy, while over 255 illustrations compliment the text to help you find what you need on a given condition. Examples of the latest imaging studies depict the effects of aging on the brain, and new algorithms further streamline decision making. Emphasizes the clinical relevance of the latest scientific findings to help you easily apply the material to everyday practice. Features consistent discussions of clinical manifestations, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and more that make reference quick and easy. Includes over 255 illustrations—including algorithms, photographs, and tables—that compliment the text to help you find what you need on a given condition. Provides summary boxes at the end of each chapter that highlight important points. Features the work of an expert author team, now led by Dr. Howard M. Fillit who provides an American perspective to complement the book’s traditional wealth of British expertise. Includes an expanded use of algorithms to streamline decision making. Presents more color images in the section on aging skin, offering a real-life perspective of conditions for enhanced diagnostic accuracy. Includes examples of the latest imaging studies to help you detect and classify changes to the brain during aging. Offers Grade A evidence-based references keyed to the relevant text.

Economy and Society

An Outline of Interpretive Sociology

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520035003

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1470

View: 3683

Max Weber's Economy and Society is the greatest sociological treatise written in this century. Published posthumously in Germany in the early 1920's, it has become a constitutive part of the modern sociological imagination. Economy and Society was the first strictly empirical comparison of social structures and normative orders in world-historical depth, containing the famous chapters on social action, religion, law, bureaucracy, charisma, the city, and the political community with its dimensions of class, status and power. Economy and Status is Weber's only major treatise for an educated general public. It was meant to be a broad introduction, but in its own way it is the most demanding textbook yet written by a sociologist. The precision of its definitions, the complexity of its typologies and the wealth of its historical content make the work a continuos challenge at several levels of comprehension: for the advanced undergraduate who gropes for his sense of society, for the graduate student who must develop his own analytical skills, and for the scholar who must match wits with Weber. When the long-awaited first complete English edition of Economy and Society was published in 1968, Arthur Stinchcombe wrote in the American Journal of Sociology: "My answer to the question of whether people should still start their sociological intellectual biographies with Economy and Society is yes." Reinhard Bendix noted in the American Sociological Review that the "publication of a compete English edition of Weber's most systematic work [represents] the culmination of a cultural transmission to the American setting...It will be a study-guide and compendium for years to come for all those interested in historical sociology and comparative study." In a lengthy introduction, Guenther Roth traces the intellectual prehistory of Economy and Society, the gradual emergence of its dominant themes and the nature of its internal logic. Mr. Roth is a Professor of Sociology at Columbia University. Mr. Wittich heads an economic research group at the United Nations.