Subsidizing Capitalism

Brickmakers on the U.S.-Mexican Border

Author: Tamar Diana Wilson

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791482995

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 8215

Examines the economic activities of self-employed brickmakers and the unpaid family members and others who assist them in Mexico.

Janitors, Street Vendors, and Activists

The Lives of Mexican Immigrants in Silicon Valley

Author: Christian Zlolniski

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520246411

Category: History

Page: 249

View: 7778

A thorough analysis of Mexican immigrants employed in Silicon Valley's low-wage jobs reveals how advanced capitalist economies have incorporated these workers as an integral part of the economy through subcontracting and other flexible labor practices, examining how working conditions and the workers' daily lives are affected.

Consuming Grief

Compassionate Cannibalism in an Amazonian Society

Author: Beth A. Conklin

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292782543

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 3565

Mourning the death of loved ones and recovering from their loss are universal human experiences, yet the grieving process is as different between cultures as it is among individuals. As late as the 1960s, the Wari' Indians of the western Amazonian rainforest ate the roasted flesh of their dead as an expression of compassion for the deceased and for his or her close relatives. By removing and transforming the corpse, which embodied ties between the living and the dead and was a focus of grief for the family of the deceased, Wari' death rites helped the bereaved kin accept their loss and go on with their lives. Drawing on the recollections of Wari' elders who participated in consuming the dead, this book presents one of the richest, most authoritative ethnographic accounts of funerary cannibalism ever recorded. Beth Conklin explores Wari' conceptions of person, body, and spirit, as well as indigenous understandings of memory and emotion, to explain why the Wari' felt that corpses must be destroyed and why they preferred cannibalism over cremation. Her findings challenge many commonly held beliefs about cannibalism and show why, in Wari' terms, it was considered the most honorable and compassionate way of treating the dead.

Historical Archaeologies of Capitalism

Author: Mark P. Leone,Jocelyn E. Knauf

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319127608

Category: Social Science

Page: 489

View: 5965

This new edition of Historical Archaeologies of Capitalism shows where the study of capitalism leads archaeologists, scholars and activists. Essays cover a range of geographic, colonial and racist contexts around the Atlantic basin: Latin America and the Caribbean, North America, the North Atlantic, Europe and Africa. Here historical archaeologists use current capitalist theory to show the results of creating social classes, employing racism and beginning and expanding the global processes of resource exploitation. Scholars in this volume also do not avoid the present condition of people, discussing the lasting effects of capitalism’s methods, resistance to them, their archaeology and their point to us now. Chapters interpret capitalism in the past, the processes that make capitalist expansion possible, and the worldwide sale and reduction of people. Authors discuss how to record and interpret these. This book continues a global historical archaeology, one that is engaged with other disciplines, peoples and suppressed political and economic histories. Authors in this volume describe how new identities are created, reshaped and made to appear natural. Chapters in this second edition also continue to address why historical archaeologists study capitalism and the relevance of this work, expanding on one of the important contributions of historical archaeologies of capitalism: critical archaeology.

Engineering and Sustainable Community Development

Author: Juan Lucena,Jen Schneider,Jon A. Leydens

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608450716

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 230

View: 2928

This book, Engineering and Sustainable Community Development, presents an overview of engineering as it relates to humanitarian engineering, service learning engineering, or engineering for community development, often called sustainable community development (SCD). The topics covered include a history of engineers and development, the problems of using industry-based practices when designing for communities, how engineers can prepare to work with communities, and listening in community development. It also includes two case studies -- one of engineers developing a windmill for a community in India, and a second of an engineer "mapping communities" in Honduras to empower people to use water effectively -- and student perspectives and experiences on one curricular model dealing with community development. Table of Contents: Introduction / Engineers and Development: From Empires to Sustainable Development / Why Design for Industry Will Not Work as Design for Community / Engineering with Community / Listening to Community / ESCD Case Study 1: Sika Dhari's Windmill / ESCD Case Study 2: Building Organizations and Mapping Communities in Honduras / Students' Perspectives on ESCD: A Course Model / Beyond Engineers and Community: A Path Forward

Understanding Commodity Cultures

Explorations in Economic Anthropology with Case Studies from Mexico

Author: Scott Cook

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742534919

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 349

View: 4236

This book explores how lived experience is informed by and shapes the diversifying funds of knowledge that enable people under economic stress to make culturally-informed choices in their material interest. By selectively reviewing the economic anthropological record and critically examining specific studies in several of Mexico's (and Guatemala's) key regions, as well as the U.S.-Mexico borderlands and the new trans-border space in the U.S. and Canada for Mexican migrant labor, the author encourages readers to critically rethink their views of economic otherness in Mexico (and, by extension, elsewhere in Latin America and the Third World), and presents a new framework for reconciling the continuing attraction of concepts like 'penny capitalism' with the realities of a world ever more subjected to continental and global market projects of 'Dollar Capitalism'. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline, Second Edition

Factory Women in Malaysia

Author: Aihwa Ong

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438433565

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 295

View: 9619

New edition of the classic ethnographic study of Malay women factory workers. In the two decades since its original publication, Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline has become a classic in the fields of anthropology, labor, gender and globalization studies. Based on intensive fieldwork, the book captures a moment of profound transformation for rural Muslim women even as their labor helped launch Malaysia’s rise as a tiger economy. Aihwa Ong’s analysis of the disruptions, conflicts, and ambivalences that roiled the lives of working women has inspired later generations of feminist ethnographers in their study of power, resistance, religious upheavals, and subject formation in the industrial periphery. With a critical introduction by anthropologist Carla Freeman, this new edition upholds an exemplary model of anthropological inquiry into cultural modes of resistance to the ideology, discipline, and workings of global capitalism. “This work … remains powerful for its refusal to over-simplify the complexities of export industrialization as a model for economic development, and for its demonstration of the intimate dialectics of culture, economy, gender, religion, and class, and the meaningfulness of place amid the swirling forces of global capitalism … [It] opened up many of the questions that should continue to inspire our analyses of globalization today. Indeed, these questions are equally compelling for the reader returning to this work after twenty years and for the reader new to this text and to the intriguing and complex puzzles of globalization.” — from the Introduction by Carla Freeman

Global Migrants, Local Culture

Natives and Newcomers in Provincial England, 1841-1939

Author: Laura Tabili

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023030771X

Category: History

Page: 329

View: 4576

Employing the first analysis of the entire population of any British town, this book examines how overseas migrants affected society and culture in South Shields near Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Resituating Britain within global processes of migration and cultural change, it recasts British society pre-1940 as culturally and racially dynamic and diverse.

Managing Uncertainty

Ethnographic Studies of Illness, Risk and the Struggle for Control

Author: Vibeke Steffen

Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press

ISBN: 9788772899633

Category: Medical

Page: 287

View: 950

The overall focus of this book is the ways humans deal with life conditions, with destiny, uncertainty and misfortune -- how we try to control the risks of living through medicines, technologies and magic. When dealing with questions of health and illness rational solutions and meaningful explanations may be hard to find, and treatment efforts are often guided just as much by hope as by rational choice. Evaluating the risks of illness is just one of a number of ways in which human beings attempt to exert some sense of control over their lives. New methods of testing for ills and new developments in, for example, genetic screening and in vitro fertilisation combined with the growing demands of well-informed patients seem to have turned concern from the actual problems of specific diseases toward controlling life and the risks of living in general. The chapters of this book reflect a common effort to transgress the limits of the medical by drawing on a fundamental concern with the logic of social and cultural practice. The book represents a de-medicalization of medical anthropology and a return to some of the classic themes in anthropology but with a different approach, emphasizing subjectivity, intentionality and agency.

College and the Working Class

Author: Allison L. Hurst

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9460917526

Category: Education

Page: 190

View: 6846

What are the meanings, experiences, and impact of college for working-class people? The author of this book addresses the two questions, what is college like for working-class students, and what is college for the working class? In The Other Three Percent, the author draws on a wealth of previous research to tell the stories of five very different working-class college students as they apply to, enter, successfully navigate, and complete college. Through these stories readers will learn about the obstacles working-class students face and overcome, the costs and effectiveness of higher education as a mechanism of social mobility, and the problems caused on our college campuses by our reticence to meaningfully confront the class divide. Readers will be invited to compare their own experiences of higher education with those of the students here described, and to evaluate their own institutions’ openness towards working-class students through a series of checklists provided in the book’s conclusion. Allison L. Hurst is Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology at Furman University in Greenville, South Carolina. She is a member of the Association of Working-Class Academics.

Invest to Win: Earn & Keep Profits in Bull & Bear Markets with the GainsMaster Approach

Author: Toni Turner,Gordon Scott

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071798382

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 1551

Offers advice on managing investments in both uptrending and downtrending markets, revealing how to evaluate company financial reports, recognize signals that foretell shifts in the market, and exit investments at the right time.

Contemporary Studies in Environmental and Indigenous Pedagogies

A Curricula of Stories and Place

Author: Andrejs Kulnieks,Dan Roronhiakewen Longboat,Young Young

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9462092931

Category: Education

Page: 314

View: 9314

Contemporary Studies in Environmental and Indigenous Pedagogies: A Curricula of Stories and Place. Our book is a compilation of the work of experienced educational researchers and practitioners, all of whom currently work in educational settings across North America. Contributors bring to this discussion, an enriched view of diverse ecological perspectives regarding when and how contemporary environmental and Indigenous curriculum figures into the experiences of curricular theories and practices. This work brings together theorists that inform a cultural ecological analysis of the environmental crisis by exploring the ways in which language informs ways of knowing and being as they outline how metaphor plays a major role in human relationships with natural and reconstructed environments. This book will be of interest to educational researchers and practitioners who will find the text important for envisioning education as an endeavour that situates learning in relation to and informed by an Indigenous Environmental Studies and Eco-justice Education frameworks. This integrated collection of theory and practice of environmental and Indigenous education is an essential tool for researchers, graduate and undergraduate students in faculties of education, environmental studies, social studies, multicultural education, curriculum theory and methods, global and comparative education, and women’s studies. Moreover, this work documents methods of developing ways of implementing Indigenous and Environmental Studies in classrooms and local communities through a framework that espouses an eco-ethical consciousness. The proposed book is unique in that it offers a wide variety of perspectives, inviting the reader to engage in a broader conversation about the multiple dimensions of the relationship between ecology, language, culture, and education in relation to the cultural roots of the environmental crisis that brings into focus the local and global commons, language and identity, and environmental justice through pedagogical approaches by faculty across North America who are actively teaching and researching in this burgeoning field.

Economic Life of Mexican Beach Vendors

Alcapulco, Puerto Vallarta, and Cabo San Lucas

Author: Tamar Diana Wilson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0739177648

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 207

View: 4520

Based on the life histories of 166 beach vendors in three Mexican tourist centers—men and women whose income-generating activities form part of the informal or semi-informal economy—Economic Life of Mexican Beach Vendors explores their educational and employment aspirations and their family connections to vending. It also addresses how the vendors have been affected by the current economic recession, their residential segregation in neighborhoods far from the tourist zones, and the special cases of indigenous and of women vendors.

Free Trade?

Informal Economies at the U.S.-Mexico Border

Author: Kathleen A. Staudt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781566395687

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 211

View: 6458

The author analyzes women and men in low- and middle-income neighbourhoods at the core, old and new peripheries of two cities which straddle the US-Mexico border. Residents are shown to counter regulations to build shelter and incomes, feeding the global hegemony and cheapening labour.

Conspiracy Theories in American History

An Encyclopedia

Author: Peter Knight

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576078124

Category: History

Page: 925

View: 8617

A reference guide to conspiracy theory presents over 300 entries describing events and theories, analyzing the historical, intellectual, and political context of each, and offering evidence to support or refute each one.

How Taiwan became Chinese

Dutch, Spanish, and Han colonization in the seventeenth century

Author: Tonio Andrade

Publisher: Columbia Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780231128551

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 320

Columbia University Press and the American Historical Association (AHA) present Gutenberg, a collection of award-winning monographs written for specialized fields of research. Intended to enhance scholarly and educational publications through new media technologies, the titles of Gutenberg are available either in print or electronically through open access at www.gutenberg-e.org, a Web site hosted by Columbia University. The online version contains digital images, maps, artwork, and hyperlinks, and is fully searchable. These titles are made possible by funding through the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Book jacket.

The Informal Post-Socialist Economy

Embedded Practices and livelihoods

Author: Jeremy Morris,Abel Polese

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135009295

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 4183

From smugglers to entrepreneurs, blue-collar workers and taxi drivers, this book deals with the multitude of characters engaged in informal economic practices in the former socialist regions. Going beyond a conception of informality as opposed to the formal sector, its authors demonstrate the fluid nature of informal transactions straddling the crossroads between illegal, illicit, socially acceptable and symbolically meaningful practices. Their argument is informed by a wide range of case studies, from Central Europe to the Baltics and Central Asia, each of which is constructed around a single informant. Each chapter narrates the story of a composite person or household that was carefully selected or constructed by an author with long-standing ethnographic research experience in the given field site. Wide in geographical, empirical and theoretical scope, the book uses ethnographic narrative accounts of everyday life to make links between ‘ordinary’ meanings of informality. Challenging reductively economistic perspectives on cross-border trading, undeclared work and other informal activities, the authors illustrate the wide variety of interpretive meanings that people ascribe to such practices. Alongside ‘getting by’ and ‘getting ahead’ in recently marketised societies, these meanings relate to sociality, kinship-ties and solidarity, along with more surprising ‘political’ and moral reasonings.

Brickyards to Graveyards

From Production to Genocide in Rwanda

Author: Villia Jefremovas

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791488020

Category: History

Page: 174

View: 3317

Explores how the conditions that shaped Rwanda's labor organization and industries also shaped Rwanda's genocide.