Food Security and Poverty in the Era of Decentralization in Indonesia

Author: I Wayan Rusastra

Publisher: N.A


Category: Decentralization in government

Page: 204

View: 2007

"The studies contained in this working paper provide an analysis of the current status and suggest future policy directions for poverty reduction strategies in the context of decentralization in Indonesia. In addition to an aggregate analysis at the national level, the studies focus on three provinces: East Java, West Kalimantan and West Nusa Tenggara. They examine important characteristics and indicators of poverty and food security, and review fifteen ongoing government programmes in these regions"--P. xv.

Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics

Author: Committee on Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics,Board on Agriculture,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309588405

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 687

View: 7342

Rain forests are rapidly being cleared in the humid tropics to keep pace with food demands, economic needs, and population growth. Without proper management, these forests and other natural resources will be seriously depleted within the next 50 years. Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics provides critically needed direction for developing strategies that both mitigate land degradation, deforestation, and biological resource losses and help the economic status of tropical countries through promotion of sustainable agricultural practices. The book includes A practical discussion of 12 major land use options for boosting food production and enhancing local economies while protecting the natural resource base. Recommendations for developing technologies needed for sustainable agriculture. A strategy for changing policies that discourage conserving and managing natural resources and biodiversity. Detailed reports on agriculture and deforestation in seven tropical countries.

Annual Report

Author: Kokusai Nōrin Suisangyō Kenkyū Senta

Publisher: N.A


Category: Agriculture

Page: N.A

View: 3688

Farming for the Future

An Introduction to Low-external-input and Sustainable Agriculture

Author: Coen Reijntjes,Bertus Haverkort,Ann Waters-Bayer

Publisher: MacMillan Education, Limited


Category: Agricultural innovation

Page: 250

View: 2578

Part I: low-external-input and sustainable agriculture (leisa): an emerging option; Agriculture and sustainability; Sustainability and farmers: making decisions at the farm level; Technology development by farmers; Part II: Priciples and possibilities of leisa; Low-external-input farming and agroecology; Basic ecological principles of leisa; Development of leisa systems; Part III: Linking farmers and scientists in developing leisa technologies; Actors and actitities in developing leisa technologies; Participatory technology development in practice: process and methods; Appendices; Appendix A some promising leisa techniques and practices; Appendix B glossary of key terms; Appendix C useful contacts and sources of further information; References; Index.

World Food Security and Crop Production Technologies for Tomorrow

Proceedings [of International Symposium]

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9784907655013

Category: Agricultural productivity

Page: 345

View: 2555

Perspective for world food demand and production; Regional food security and major rechnological challenges; Towards crops production Technologies sustaining the world food security; Transformation of farming systems under the urbanization and commercialization developing countries in Asia: Their diversification and sustainability; Crop production technologies for breaking-through yield potencial; Sustainable development of rainfed agriculture; Environmental stresses and crop responses; Research opportunities for technology development and delivery in crop-soil management under diverse agroecosystems; Technologies for sustainable development of direct-seeding rice culture; Physiology and growth substances; Crop ecology; Morphology; Agronomy and cropping system; Genetic resources.

Integrated Livestock-fish Farming Systems

Author: David Little,Peter Edwards,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251050552

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 177

View: 3255

Integrated farming in Asia is either considered an eco-friendly good that should be preserved for environmental reasons or a poor practice that will soon be superseded by industrial aquaculture. This report finds that most livestock-fish integration is sound business conducted by entrepreneurs accessing urban markets where the price of fish is relatively low. It can be used as part of a strategy to reduce environmental impacts of intensive livestock production and to produce low-cost food. Farmers have proved adept at both developing their systems to meet their own needs and diversifying the role of ponds, fish and livestock within their complex livelihoods.

Voices from the Forest

Integrating Indigenous Knowledge into Sustainable Upland Farming

Author: Malcolm Cairns

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136522271

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 842

View: 7297

This handbook of locally based agricultural practices brings together the best of science and farmer experimentation, vividly illustrating the enormous diversity of shifting cultivation systems as well as the power of human ingenuity. Environmentalists have tended to disparage shifting cultivation (sometimes called 'swidden cultivation' or 'slash-and-burn agriculture') as unsustainable due to its supposed role in deforestation and land degradation. However, a growing body of evidence indicates that such indigenous practices, as they have evolved over time, can be highly adaptive to land and ecology. In contrast, 'scientific' agricultural solutions imposed from outside can be far more damaging to the environment. Moreover, these external solutions often fail to recognize the extent to which an agricultural system supports a way of life along with a society's food needs. They do not recognize the degree to which the sustainability of a culture is intimately associated with the sustainability and continuity of its agricultural system. Unprecedented in ambition and scope, Voices from the Forest focuses on successful agricultural strategies of upland farmers. More than 100 scholars from 19 countries--including agricultural economists, ecologists, and anthropologists--collaborated in the analysis of different fallow management typologies, working in conjunction with hundreds of indigenous farmers of different cultures and a broad range of climates, crops, and soil conditions. By sharing this knowledge--and combining it with new scientific and technical advances--the authors hope to make indigenous practices and experience more widely accessible and better understood, not only by researchers and development practitioners, but by other communities of farmers around the world.

Farming Systems and Poverty

Improving Farmers' Livelihoods in a Changing World

Author: John A. Dixon,David P. Gibbon,Aidan Gulliver,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251046272

Category: Agricultural systems

Page: 412

View: 4024

Small farmers produce much of the developing world's food. Yet they are generally much poorer than the rest of the population in these countries, and are less food secure than even the urban poor. Furthermore, although the majority of the world's population will live in urban areas by 2030, farming populations will not be much smaller than they are today. For the foreseeable future, therefore, dealing with poverty and hunger in much of the world means confronting the problems that small farmers and their families face in their daily struggle for survival. Through an examination of a wide variety of farmimg systems across the developing world, this book, co-published with the World Bank, shows how the farming systems approach can be used to identify key local, regional and international priorities for the reduction of hunger and poverty.

From Slash-and-burn to Replanting

Green Revolutions in the Indonesian Uplands?

Author: François Ruf,Frederic Lançon

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821352059

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 341

View: 4928

The most traditional and widely used farming systems in the humid upland tropics are based on fallowing and various forms of slash and burn agriculture. Their sustainability depends on the duration of the fallow. When fallow duration drops below the threshold of seven or eight years crop yield usually declines. A concept described as "forest rent". Given the plight of millions of farmers the development of upland agriculture has become increasingly important. This book reports the results of fieldwork conducted by the editors and other experts in some 40 regions of Indonesia from 1989 to 2001. It finds that some of the most successful improvements have been the result of innovations by the farmers themselves.

Diversifying Food and Diets

Using Agricultural Biodiversity to Improve Nutrition and Health

Author: Jessica Fanzo,Danny Hunter,Teresa Borelli,Federico Mattei

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136461469

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 6397

Currently 868 million people are undernourished and 195 million children under five years of age are stunted. At the same time, over 1 billion people are overweight and obese in both the developed and developing world. Diseases previously associated with affluence, such as cancer, diabetes and cardio-vascular disease, are on the rise. Food system-based approaches to addressing these problems that could enhance food availability and diet quality through local production and agricultural biodiversity often fall outside the traditional scope of nutrition, and have been under-researched. As a consequence, there remains insufficient evidence to support well-defined, scalable agricultural biodiversity interventions that can be linked to improvements in nutrition outcomes. Agricultural biodiversity is important for food and nutritional security, as a safeguard against hunger, a source of nutrients for improved dietary diversity and quality, and strengthening local food systems and environmental sustainability. This book explores the current state of knowledge on the role of agricultural biodiversity in improving diets, nutrition and food security. Using examples and case studies from around the globe, the book explores current strategies for improving nutrition and diets and identifies key research and implementation gaps that need to be addressed to successfully promote the better use of agricultural biodiversity for rural and urban populations and societies in transition.

Cover Crops in Hillside Agriculture

Farmer Innovation with Mucuna

Author: Daniel Buckles,Bernard Triomphe,Gustavo Saín,International Development Research Centre (Canada),International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 9780889368415

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 218

View: 6760

Cover Crops in Hillside Agriculture: Farmer innovation with Mucuna