Sustainable Urban Agriculture and Food Planning

Author: Rob Roggema

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317293797

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 286

View: 1671

As urban populations rise rapidly and concerns about food security increase, interest in urban agriculture has been renewed in both developed and developing countries. This book focuses on the sustainable development of urban agriculture and its relationship to food planning in cities. It brings together the best revised and updated papers from the Sixth Association of European Schools of Planning (AESOP) conference on Sustainable Food Planning. The main emphasis is on the latest research and thinking on spatial planning and design, showing how urban agriculture provides opportunities to develop and enhance the spatial quality of urban environments. Chapters address various topics such as a new theoretical model for understanding urban agriculture, how urban agriculture contributes to restoring our connections to nature, and the limitations of the garden city concept to food security. Case studies are included from several European countries, including Bulgaria, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Romania, Spain, Turkey and the UK, as well as Australia, Canada, Cameroon, Ethiopia and the United States (New York and Los Angeles).

Routledge Handbook of Landscape and Food

Author: Joshua Zeunert,Tim Waterman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317298772

Category: Architecture

Page: 604

View: 9556

Since the turn of the millennium, there has been a burgeoning interest in, and literature of, both landscape studies and food studies. Landscape describes places as relationships and processes. Landscapes create people’s identities and guide their actions and their preferences, while at the same time are shaped by the actions and forces of people. Food, as currency, medium, and sustenance, is a fundamental part of those landscape relationships. This volume brings together over fifty contributors from around the world in forty profoundly interdisciplinary chapters. Chapter authors represent an astonishing range of disciplines, from agronomy, anthropology, archaeology, conservation, countryside management, cultural studies, ecology, ethics, geography, heritage studies, landscape architecture, landscape management and planning, literature, urban design and architecture. Both food studies and landscape studies defy comprehension from the perspective of a single discipline, and thus such a range is both necessary and enriching. The Routledge Handbook of Landscape and Food is intended as a first port of call for scholars and researchers seeking to undertake new work at the many intersections of landscape and food. Each chapter provides an authoritative overview, a broad range of pertinent readings and references, and seeks to identify areas where new research is needed—though these may also be identified in the many fertile areas in which subjects and chapters overlap within the book.

Urban Agriculture for Growing City Regions

Connecting Urban-Rural Spheres in Casablanca

Author: Undine Giseke,Maria Gerster-Bentaya,Frank Helten,Matthias Kraume,Dieter Scherer,Guido Spars,Fouad Amraoui,Abdelaziz Adidi,Said Berdouz,Mohemed Chlaida,Majid Mansour,Mohamed Mdafai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317910133

Category: Architecture

Page: 570

View: 7359

This book demonstrates how agriculture can play a determining role in integrated, climate-optimised urban development. Agriculture within urban growth centres today is more than an economic or social left-over or a niche practice. It is instead a complex system that offers multiple potentials for interaction with the urban system. Urban open space and agriculture can be linked to a productive green infrastructure – this forms new urban-rural linkages in the urbanizing region and helps shape the city. But in order to do this, agriculture has to be seen as an integral part of the urban fabric and it has to be put on the local agenda. Urban Agriculture for Growing City Regions takes the example of Casablanca, one of the fastest growing cities in North Africa, to investigate this approach. The creation of synergies between the urban and rural in an emerging megacity is demonstrated through pilot projects, design solutions, and multifunctional modules. These synergies assure greater resource efficiency; particularly regarding the use and reuse of water, and they strengthen regional food security and the social integration of multiple spheres. A transdisciplinary research approach brings together different scientific disciplines and local actors into a process of integrated knowledge production. The book will have a long lasting legacy and is essential reading for researchers, planners, practitioners and policy makers who are working on urban development and urban agricultural strategies.

Agriculture in Urban Planning

Generating Livelihoods and Food Security

Author: Mark Redwood

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849770433

Category: Architecture

Page: 248

View: 1835

This volume, by graduate researchers working in urban agriculture, examines concrete strategies to integrate city farming into the urban landscape. Drawing on original field work in cities across the rapidly urbanizing global south, the book examines the contribution of urban agriculture and city farming to livelihoods and food security. Case studies cover food production diversification for robust and secure food provision; the socio-economic and agronomic aspects of urban composting; urban agriculture as a viable livelihood strategy; strategies for integrating city farming into urban landscapes; and the complex social-ecological networks of urban agriculture. Other case studies look at public health aspects including the impact of pesticides, micro-biological risks, pollution and water contamination on food production and people. Ultimately the book calls on city farmers, politicians, environmentalists and regulatory bodies to work together to improve the long term sustainability of urban farming as a major, secure source of food and employment for urban populations. Published with IDRC

Sustainable Food Planning

Evolving Theory and Practice

Author: André Viljoen,Johannes S. C. Wiskerke

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9086861873

Category: Social Science

Page: 598

View: 6076

Planning for sustainable food production and consumption is becoming an increasingly important issue for planners, policymakers, designers, farmers, suppliers, activists, business and scientists alike. This book reviews and elaborates definitions of sustainable food systems and begins to define ways of achieving them.

Growing a Sustainable City?

The Question of Urban Agriculture

Author: Christina D. Rosan,Hamil Pearsall

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442628553

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 6412

Urban agriculture offers promising solutions to many different urban problems, such as blighted vacant lots, food insecurity, storm water runoff, and unemployment. These objectives connect to many cities' broader goal of "sustainability," but tensions among stakeholders have started to emerge in cities as urban agriculture is incorporated into the policymaking framework. Growing a Sustainable City? offers a critical analysis of the development of urban agriculture policies and their role in making post-industrial cities more sustainable. Christina Rosan and Hamil Pearsall's intriguing and illuminating case study of Philadelphia reveals how growing in the city has become a symbol of urban economic revitalization, sustainability, and - increasingly - gentrification. Their comprehensive research includes interviews with urban farmers, gardeners, and city officials, and reveals that the transition to "sustainability" is marked by a series of tensions along race, class, and generational lines. The book evaluates the role of urban agriculture in sustainability planning and policy by placing it within the context of a large city struggling to manage competing sustainability objectives. They highlight the challenges and opportunities of institutionalizing urban agriculture into formal city policy. Rosan and Pearsall tell the story of change and growing pains as a city attempts to reinvent itself as sustainable, livable, and economically competitive.

Informal Urban Agriculture

The Secret Lives of Guerrilla Gardeners

Author: Michael Hardman,Peter J. Larkham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331909534X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 481

The book explores how unused and under-used urban spaces – from grass verges, roundabouts, green spaces – have been made more visually interesting and more productive, by informal (and usually illegal) groups known as “guerrilla gardeners”. The book focuses on groups in the English Midlands but the work is set in a broad international context and reveals how and why they undertake this illegal activity. Guerrilla gardening is usually viewed uncritically and promoted as a worthwhile activity: this study provides a more balanced evaluation and focuses on its contribution in terms of local food production.

Urban Agriculture

Diverse Activities and Benefits for City Society

Author: Craig Pearson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136543147

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 2090

Most of us live in cities. These are becoming increasingly complex and removed from broad-scale agriculture. Yet within cities there are many examples of greenspaces and local food production that bring multiple benefits that often go unnoticed. This book presents a collection of the latest thinking on the multiple dimensions of sustainable greenspace and food production within cities. It describes the diversity of 'urban agriculture' and seeks a balanced representation between the biophysical and the social. It deals with urban agriculture across scales - from indoor plants to farm-scale filtration of greywater. A range of examples and initiatives from both developed and developing countries is described and evaluated.

Cities and Agriculture

Developing Resilient Urban Food Systems

Author: Henk de Zeeuw,Pay Drechsel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317506626

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 9669

As people increasingly migrate to urban settings and more than half of the world's population now lives in cities, it is vital to plan and provide for sustainable and resilient food systems which reflect this challenge. This volume presents experience and evidence-based "state of the art" chapters on the key dimensions of urban food challenges and types of intra- and peri-urban agriculture. The book provides urban planners, local policy makers and urban development practitioners with an overview of crucial aspects of urban food systems based on an up to date review of research results and practical experiences in both developed and developing countries. By doing so, the international team of authors provides a balanced textbook for students of the growing number of courses on sustainable agriculture, food and urban studies, as well as a solid basis for well-informed policy making, planning and implementation regarding the development of sustainable, resilient and just urban food systems.

Toward Sustainable Relations Between Agriculture and the City

Author: Christophe-Toussaint Soulard,Coline Perrin,Elodie Valette

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319710370

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 239

View: 1855

This book gives an overview of frameworks, methods, and case studies useful for the analysis of the relations between agriculture and the city, in Europe and the Mediterranean. Its originality lies in the analysis of urban food systems sustainability from an actors’ perspective. All the chapters consider the key role of actors in the definition of innovations and pathways, which enhance sustainability, seen as an ongoing process. Part 1 presents systemic approaches of agricultural-urban interactions at the city-region scale in France, Egypt, Italy and Morocco. Part 2 deals with methods and tools for urban planning and local development, utilized to design and assess sustainable food systems. The Part 3 inventories the recent changes in urban agriculture and the new forms of governance which are emerging in European cities (Athens, Berlin, Lisbon, Montpellier, Paris and Zurich). These results are useful for students, academics and activists involved in local policies and projects.

Agropolis

The Social, Political, and Environmental Dimensions of Urban Agriculture

Author: Luc J. A. Mougeot

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 1552501868

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 305

View: 4449

?A rare achievement, one of the first books to link technological and behavioural change to the sustainability agenda?Charles Landry, author of The Creative City?Any course interested in sustainable development in practice would benefit from the case studies here?Dr Adrian Smith, SPRU Science and Technology Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex, UKTwo disjointed voices can be identified in the prevailing sustainability discourse: one technology-focused, the other favouring behavioural solutions. This new, practical text bridges the gap in a 'co-evolutionary' framework, enabling more sustainable policies and projects to be developed.Arguing that technical and social realms are much more connected than most people concerned with sustainability tend to admit, the author has developed an innovative and integrated strategy that encourages planners, architects and politicians to work with end-users in 'co-designing' technologies and infrastructures that make socially desired behaviours more attractive. Having explained the nature of the problem, the author outlines key concepts and shared characteristics of co-evolutionary projects and anticipates possible criticisms. Through detailed analysis and diverse case studies, the reader is presented with a clear picture of a more holistic approach to planning sustainable cities and regions, which will be invaluable for students and professionals alike.This will be an invaluable textbook and planning tool suitable for students of science and technology studies (STS), regional policy and planning, and practitioners including city and regional planners, policy makers and consultants.

Transitions Towards Sustainable Agriculture and Food Chains in Peri-urban Areas

Author: Krijn J. Poppe,K. J. Poppe,Catherina Johanna Arnoldine Maria Termeer,Maja Slingerland

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9086861172

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 5291

Agriculture is changing rapidly. The greatest current challenge to the agricultural sector is for it to become sustainable in all three of the dimensions profit, people and planet. This is certainly the case in highly urbanized countries like the Netherlands, where agriculture is confronted with high land prices, rising consumer concerns for issues like animal welfare and negative environmental effects but also with new demands from the city for recreation, health care and local food products. These are some of the developments in our society that are forcing agriculture to change. The government, farmers, the agri-food industry and the retail sector struggle to meet this challenge and find new forms of governance. In the Netherlands, the government has called for a 'transition towards sustainable agriculture' and it is investing in this programme with its research and education policy. Similar trends have been observed in other countries.This book presents the expertise that has been accrued from at least five years of Dutch research in this area. The aim is to collate the results of the experiments, to learn from them, to confront them with existing theory and to share them with a larger audience in order to foster learning about transition. Given the leading position of the Netherlands in global agriculture, in a highly urbanized setting, and its leading position in the study of transition theory this should be of significant interest to students and researchers of the transitions in agriculture.

Urban Agriculture

Food, Jobs and Sustainable Cities

Author: Jac Smit,Annu Ratta,Joe Nasr

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 302

View: 6896

Alternative Urban Futures

Planning for Sustainable Development in Cities Throughout the World

Author: Raquel Pinderhughes

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742523678

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3771

Alternative Urban Futures challenges existing models of urban development and promotes alternative paradigms, processes, and technologies designed to fulfill human needs and limit the harmful impacts of human activities on the environment. The book focuses on how planners and policy makers can develop and manage essential urban infrastructures in ways that support sustainable development in the areas of waste management, water supply and management, energy production and use, building design and construction, land-use, transportation, and food systems. Each chapter features case studies that provide concrete examples of how ecologically and socially responsible urban and sustainable development planning and policy approaches have been successfully implemented in cities around the world. The book is especially effective in its emphasis on recently published statistics and writing supporting new planning and policy recommendations. Each chapter ends with a summary, accompanied by a list of questions that can be addressed with information provided in the text.

Tropical Homegardens

A Time-Tested Example of Sustainable Agroforestry

Author: B.M. Kumar,P.K.R. Nair

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402049484

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 379

View: 2240

‘Homegardens’ are integrated tree–crop–animal production systems, often established on small parcels of land surrounding homesteads, and primarily found in tropical environments. This multi-authored volume contains peer-reviewed chapters from the world’s leading researchers and professionals in this topic. It summarizes the current state of knowledge on homegarden systems, with a view to using this knowledge as a basis for improving both homegardens and other similar multistrata agroforestry systems.

Agriculture in an Urbanizing Society Volume Two

Proceedings of the Sixth AESOP Conference on Sustainable Food Planning

Author: Rob Roggema

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 144384702X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 695

View: 7056

In two volumes, selected papers presented at the sixth AESOP conference on Sustainable Food Planning are brought together, representing the academic work of worldwide experts in the fields of food planning and urban agriculture. This volume, therefore, provides an overview of the latest, state-of-the-art research in the field, drawing from areas such as spatial planning, urban design, governance, social innovation, entrepreneurship, and local initiatives, among others, to represent the current knowledge base for creating sustainable urban food projects.

State of the World 2011

Innovations that Nourish the Planet

Author: The Worldwatch Institute

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 161091628X

Category: Nature

Page: 264

View: 2890

A compelling look at the global food crisis, with particular emphasis on global innovations that can help solve a worldwide problem. State of the World 2011 not only introduces us to the latest agro-ecological innovations and their global applicability but also gives broader insights into issues including poverty, international politics, and even gender equity.

Designing Urban Agriculture

A Complete Guide to the Planning, Design, Construction, Maintenance and Management of Edible Landscapes

Author: April Philips

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118330234

Category: Architecture

Page: 288

View: 7973

A comprehensive overview of edible landscapes—completewith more than 300 full-color photos and illustrations Designing Urban Agriculture is about the intersection ofecology, design, and community. Showcasing projects and designersfrom around the world who are forging new paths to the sustainablecity through urban agriculture landscapes, it creates a dialogue onthe ways to invite food back into the city and pave a path tohealthier communities and environments. This full-color guide begins with a foundation of ecologicalprinciples and the idea that the food shed is part of a city'surban systems network. It outlines a design process based onsystems thinking and developed for a lifecycle orregenerative-based approach. It also presents strategies, tools,and guidelines that enable informed decisions on planning,designing, budgeting, constructing, maintaining, marketing, andincreasing the sustainability of this re-invented cityscape. Casestudies demonstrate the environmental, economic, and social valueof these landscapes and reveal paths to a greener and healthierurban environment. This unique and indispensable guide: Details how to plan, design, fund, construct, and leverage thesustainability aspects of the edible landscape typology Covers over a dozen typologies including community gardens,urban farms, edible estates, green roofs and vertical walls, edibleschool yards, seed to table, food landscapes within parks, plazas,streetscapes and green infrastructure systems and more Explains how to design regenerative edible landscapes thatbenefit both community and ecology and explores the connectionsbetween food, policy, and planning that promote viable food shedsystems for more resilient communities Examines the integration of management, maintenance, andoperations issues Reveals how to create a business model enterprise thataddresses a lifecycle approach

Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security in an Era of Oil Scarcity

Lessons from Cuba

Author: Julia Wright

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849772738

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 9002

When other nations are forced to rethink their agricultural and food security strategies in light of the post-peak oil debate, they only have one living example to draw from: that of Cuba in the 1990s. Based on the first and - up till now - only systematic and empirical study to come out of Cuba on this topic, this book examines how the nation successfully headed off its own food crisis after the dissolution of the Soviet Bloc in the early 1990s. The author identifies the policies and practices required for such an achievement under conditions of petroleum-scarcity and in doing so, challenges the mainstream globalized and privatized food systems and food security strategies being driven through in both industrialized and more vulnerable developing regions. Paradoxically, the book dispels the myth that Cuba turned to organic farming nationwide, a myth founded on the success of Cuba's urban organic production systems which visitors to the country are most commonly exposed to. In rural regions, where the author had unique access, industrialized high-input and integrated agriculture is aspired to for the majority of domestic production, despite the ongoing fluctuations in availability of agrochemicals and fuel. By identifying the challenges faced by Cuban institutions and individuals in de-industrializing their food and farming systems, this book provides crucial learning material for the current fledgling attempts at developing energy descent plans and at mainstreaming more organic food systems in industrialized nations. It also informs international policy on sustainable agriculture and food security for less-industrialized countries.

Elgar Companion to Sustainable Cities

Strategies, Methods and Outlook

Author: Daniel A. Mazmanian,Hilda Blanco

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857939998

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 9062

Against a backdrop of unprecedented levels of urbanization, 21st century cities across the globe share concerns for the challenges they face. This Companion provides a framework for understanding the city as a critical building block for a more sustain