Synopsis: Global Nutrition Report 2014

Actions and accountability to accelerate the world’s progress on nutrition

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896298612

Category: Social Science

Page: 4

View: 6719

Good nutrition is the bedrock upon which to build healthy lives, strong and resilient livelihoods, and thriving economies. In its absence, their construction takes place on quicksand. Stunted children fail to grow and develop properly, with impairment to brains and immune systems being particular problems. Malnourished women of childbearing age do not have enough iron in their blood to feed their muscles. Many adults carry so much excess weight they put their heart and lungs under extreme stress and may suffer from diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease. Malnutrition leads to 11 percent of gross national product being squandered as a result of lives lost, less learning in school, less earning in the workplace, and days lost to illness. And malnourished mothers are more likely to give birth to malnourished newborns, perpetuating the intergenerational transmission of poverty. Malnutrition corrodes the body, the economy, and the future. Ambitions for sustainable development are likely to be thwarted by its presence.

Global Nutrition Report 2015

Actions and accountability to advance nutrition and sustainable development

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896298833

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 752

As we move into the post-2015 era of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the world faces many seemingly intractable problems. Malnutrition should not be one of them. Countries that are determined to make rapid advances in malnutrition reduction can do so. If governments want to achieve the SDG target of ending all forms of malnutrition by 2030, they have clear pathways to follow. There are many levers to pull, and this report provides many examples of countries that have done so. Tackling malnutrition effectively is also key to meeting many other SDG targets. Good nutrition signals the realization of people’s rights to food and health. It reflects a narrowing of the inequalities in our world. Without good nutrition, human beings cannot achieve their full potential. When people’s nutrition status improves, it helps break the intergenerational cycle of poverty, generates broad-based economic growth, and leads to a host of benefits for individuals, families, communities, and countries. Good nutrition provides both a foundation for human development and the scaffolding needed to ensure it reaches its full potential. Good nutrition, in short, is an essential driver of sustainable development.

Global Nutrition Report 2014

Actions and accountability to accelerate the world’s progress on nutrition

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896295648

Category: Social Science

Page: 118

View: 6473

At the 2013 Nutrition for Growth Summit in London, 96 signatories (governments, civil society organizations, donors, United Nations’ agencies, and businesses) agreed to support the creation of an annual report on global nutrition that would be authored by an independent expert group, in partnership with a large number of contributors. The first edition of this report, the Global Nutrition Report 2014, puts a spotlight on worldwide progress by the 193 member countries of the United Nations in improving their nutrition status, identifies bottlenecks to change, highlights opportunities for action, and contributes to strengthened nutrition accountability on country and global levels.

Nourishing millions: Stories of change in nutrition: Synopsis

Author: Yosef, Sivan,Pandya-Lorch, Rajul

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896299902

Category: Political Science

Page: 4

View: 2568

In recent years, the world has seen unprecedented attention and political commitment to addressing malnutrition. Milestones such as the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement, the Lancet Maternal and Child Nutrition Series, and the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) have marked the rapid rise of nutrition on the global policy and research agenda. These developments reverse years of relative neglect for nutrition. Undernutrition is a global challenge with huge social and economic costs. It kills millions of young children annually, stunts growth, erodes child development, reduces the amount of schooling children attain, and increases the likelihood of their being poor as adults, if they survive. Stunting persists through a lifetime and beyond—underweight mothers are more likely to give birth to underweight children, perpetuating undernutrition across generations. Undernutrition reduces global gross domestic product by US$1.4–$2.1 trillion a year—the size of the total economy of Africa south of the Sahara.

The Big Fat Surprise

Why Butter, Meat and Cheese Belong in a Healthy Diet

Author: Nina Teicholz

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1451624433

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 496

View: 2409

Challenges popular misconceptions about fats and nutrition science, revealing the distorted claims of nutrition studies while arguing that more dietary fat can lead to better health, wellness, and fitness.

Global Nutrition Report 2016

From Promise to Impact: Ending Malnutrition by 2030

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896295842

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 5628

Few challenges facing the global community today match the scale of malnutrition, a condition that directly affects 1 in 3 people. Malnutrition manifests itself in many different ways: as poor child growth and development; as individuals who are skin and bone or prone to infection; as those who are carrying too much weight or whose blood contains too much sugar, salt, fat, or cholesterol; or those who are deficient in important vitamins or minerals. Malnutrition and diet are by far the biggest risk factors for the global burden of disease: every country is facing a serious public health challenge from malnutrition. The economic consequences represent losses of 11 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) every year in Africa and Asia, whereas preventing malnutrion delivers $16 in returns on investment for every $1 spent. The world’s countries have agreed on targets for nutrition, but despite some progress in recent years the world is off track to reach those targets. This third stocktaking of the state of the world’s nutrition points to ways to reverse this trend and end all forms of malnutrition by 2030.

Diet for a Hot Planet

The Climate Crisis at the End of Your Fork and What You Can Do About It

Author: Anna Lappe

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781608191307

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 5480

Beyond what we already know about "food miles" and eating locally, the global food system is a major contributor to climate change, producing as much as one-third of greenhouse gas emissions. How we farm, what we eat, and how our food gets to the table all have an impact. And our government and the food industry are willfully ignoring the issue rather than addressing it. In Anna Lappé's controversial new book, she predicts that unless we radically shift the trends of what food we're eating and how we're producing it, food system-related greenhouse gas emissions will go up and up and up. She exposes the interests that will resist the change, and the spin food companies will generate to avoid system-wide reform. And she offers a vision of a future in which our food system does more good than harm, with six principles for a climate friendly diet as well as visits to farmers who are demonstrating the potential of sustainable farming. In this measured and intelligent call to action, Lappé helps readers understand that food can be a powerful starting point for solutions to global environmental problems.

Synopsis: Global Nutrition Report 2015

Actions and accountability to advance nutrition and sustainable development

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896298876

Category: Social Science

Page: 12

View: 3904

As we move into the post-2015 era of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the world faces many seemingly intractable problems. Malnutrition should not be one of them. Countries that are determined to make rapid advances in malnutrition reduction can do so, and the incentives to improve nutrition are strong. Good nutrition provides a vital foundation for human development, central to meeting our full potential. When nutrition status improves, it leads to a host of positive outcomes for individuals and families. Many more children will live to see their fifth birthdays, their growth will be less disrupted, and they will gain in height and weight. They will learn more in school because their brain function is not impaired. As a result of this positive early environment, as adults they will have better jobs and get ill less often. Older adults will age more healthily and live longer.

Fat Chance

Beating the Odds Against Sugar, Processed Food, Obesity, and Disease

Author: Robert H. Lustig

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0142180432

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 320

View: 4288

Documents the science and politics behind the pandemic of chronic disease, chronicling how the food industry has replaced fat with sugar and triggered biochemical changes that can be overcome through strategic hormone-adjusting measures.

Book of Peoples of the World

A Guide to Cultures

Author: Wade Davis,K. David Harrison,Catherine Herbert Howell

Publisher: National Geographic Books

ISBN: 9781426202384

Category: Social Science

Page: 383

View: 1763

Captures the rich diversity of human life as it examines more than two hundred ethnic groups, large and small, around the world, through a visual study of beliefs, traditions, lifestyles, and environmental conditions.

Diet for a Small Planet

Author: Frances Moore Lappe,Frances Moore Lappé

Publisher: Random House Digital, Inc.

ISBN: 0345373669

Category: Cooking

Page: 479

View: 8195

Encourages making changes in dietary patterns by explaining the ways in which plant protein compares favorably with meats and providing numerous recipes for inexpensive, meatless meals

Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease

The Revolutionary, Scientifically Proven, Nutrition-Based Cure

Author: Caldwell B. Esselstyn Jr. M.D.

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101215838

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 320

View: 7721

Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease challenges conventional cardiology by posing a compelling, revolutionary idea-that we can, in fact, abolish the heart disease epidemic in this country by changing our diets. Drawing on the groundbreaking results of his twenty-year nutritional study, Dr. Caldwell B. Esselstyn, Jr., a former surgeon, researcher, and clinician at the Cleveland Clinic, convincingly argues that a plant-based, oil-free diet can not only prevent and stop the progression of heart disease, but also reverse its effects. Furthermore, it can eliminate the need for expensive and invasive surgical interventions, such as bypass and stents, no matter how far the disease has progressed. Dr. Esselstyn began his research with a group of patients who joined his study after traditional medical procedures to treat their advanced heart disease had failed. Within months of following a plant-based, oil-free diet, their angina symptoms eased, their cholesterol levels dropped significantly, and they experienced a marked improvement in blood flow to the heart. Twenty years later, the majority of Dr. Esselstyn's patients continue to follow his program and remain heart-attack proof. Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease explains the science behind these dramatic results, and offers readers the same simple, nutrition-based plan that has changed the lives of his patients forever. In addition, Dr. Esselstyn provides more than 150 delicious recipes that he and his wife, Ann Crile Esselstyn, have enjoyed for years and used with their patients. Clearly written and backed by irrefutable scientific evidence, startling photos of angiograms, and inspiring personal stories, Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease will empower readers to take charge of their heart health. It is a powerful call for a paradigm shift in heart-disease therapy.

The Low-Carb Fraud

Author: T. Colin Campbell

Publisher: BenBella Books, Inc.

ISBN: 1940363098

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 96

View: 2548

By now, the low-carb diet’s refrain is a familiar one: Bread is bad for you. Fat doesn’t matter. Carbs are the real reason you can’t lose weight. The low-carb universe Dr. Atkins brought into being continues to expand. Low-carb diets, from South Beach to the Zone and beyond, are still the go-to method for weight-loss for millions. These diets’ marketing may differ, but they all share two crucial components: the condemnation of “carbs” and an emphasis on meat and fat for calories. Even the latest diet trend, the Paleo diet, is—despite its increased focus on (some) whole foods—just another variation on the same carbohydrate fears. In The Low-Carb Fraud, longtime leader in the nutritional science field T. Colin Campbell (author of The China Study and Whole) outlines where (and how) the low-carb proponents get it wrong: where the belief that carbohydrates are bad came from, and why it persists despite all the evidence to the contrary. The foods we misleadingly refer to as “carbs” aren’t all created equal—and treating them that way has major consequences for our nutritional well-being. If you’re considering a low-carb diet, read this e-book first. It will change the way you think about what you eat—and how you should be eating, to lose weight and optimize your health, now and for the long term.

Global Issues in Water, Sanitation, and Health:

Workshop Summary

Author: Forum on Microbial Threats,Board on Global Health,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309138728

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 8112

As the human population grows--tripling in the past century while, simultaneously, quadrupling its demand for water--Earth's finite freshwater supplies are increasingly strained, and also increasingly contaminated by domestic, agricultural, and industrial wastes. Today, approximately one-third of the world's population lives in areas with scarce water resources. Nearly one billion people currently lack access to an adequate water supply, and more than twice as many lack access to basic sanitation services. It is projected that by 2025 water scarcity will affect nearly two-thirds of all people on the planet. Recognizing that water availability, water quality, and sanitation are fundamental issues underlying infectious disease emergence and spread, the Institute of Medicine held a two-day public workshop, summarized in this volume. Through invited presentations and discussions, participants explored global and local connections between water, sanitation, and health; the spectrum of water-related disease transmission processes as they inform intervention design; lessons learned from water-related disease outbreaks; vulnerabilities in water and sanitation infrastructure in both industrialized and developing countries; and opportunities to improve water and sanitation infrastructure so as to reduce the risk of water-related infectious disease.

The Anatomy of Violence

The Biological Roots of Crime

Author: Adrian Raine

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307475611

Category: Psychology

Page: 478

View: 8120

A criminologist who specializes in the neurological and biosocial bases of antisocial and violent behavior explains how impairments to areas of the brain that control fear, decision-making, and empathy can increase the likelihood of criminal activity.

The Miracle Carb Diet

Make Calories and Fat Disappear--with Fiber!

Author: Tanya Zuckerbrot

Publisher: Hachette Books

ISBN: 1401304338

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 288

View: 7864

Eat More. Weigh Less. Live Longer. Celebrated nutritionist Tanya Zuckerbrot knows that when it comes to losing weight, addition is better than subtraction. Her secret? Add the Miracle Carb to your diet so you don't need to subtract delicious, satisfying foods. The Miracle Carb is dietary fiber, and chances are you don't get the recommended daily requirement, even if you're eating a healthy diet. Tanya introduced the world to fiber with the F-Factor Diet, and thousands of people have lost countless pounds, improved chronic conditions like diabetes, and gained more energy and vigor for living. And they did it all without sacrificing their lifestyles or the foods and drinks they love. With The Miracle Carb Diet, Tanya is making it easy for you to jump right into living life the F-Factor way. This not just an eating plan; it is a simple and effective action plan for achieving your best self without disrupting your best life. Tanya's here to help you lose weight fast, and then keep it off! You'll discover: - The four easy stages of the Miracle Carb Diet-you could lose up to 12 pounds in the first month! - Suggested fiber-rich foods and menu plans ideal for each stage, plus recommendations for eating out and enjoying cocktails from day one. - More than 100 original recipes and shopping lists and templates for journaling for better results. - Tanya's inspiring anecdotes, case studies, and tool kits for defense against specific food cravings and obstacles, plus super sidebars, tips, tricks, and more to help motivate and inform. The Miracle Carb Diet is a life-changing plan that's enjoyable, flexible, and doable, based on Zuckerbrot's extensive clinical experience as well as her in-depth knowledge of cutting-edge food and nutrition science. So go ahead and raise a glass to the Miracle Carb Diet (yes, you can enjoy that wine guilt-free) and celebrate the miracle of fiber that lets you eat more, weigh less, and even add years to your life.

Training Students to Extract Value from Big Data

Summary of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309314402

Category: Mathematics

Page: 66

View: 5009

As the availability of high-throughput data-collection technologies, such as information-sensing mobile devices, remote sensing, internet log records, and wireless sensor networks has grown, science, engineering, and business have rapidly transitioned from striving to develop information from scant data to a situation in which the challenge is now that the amount of information exceeds a human's ability to examine, let alone absorb, it. Data sets are increasingly complex, and this potentially increases the problems associated with such concerns as missing information and other quality concerns, data heterogeneity, and differing data formats. The nation's ability to make use of data depends heavily on the availability of a workforce that is properly trained and ready to tackle high-need areas. Training students to be capable in exploiting big data requires experience with statistical analysis, machine learning, and computational infrastructure that permits the real problems associated with massive data to be revealed and, ultimately, addressed. Analysis of big data requires cross-disciplinary skills, including the ability to make modeling decisions while balancing trade-offs between optimization and approximation, all while being attentive to useful metrics and system robustness. To develop those skills in students, it is important to identify whom to teach, that is, the educational background, experience, and characteristics of a prospective data-science student; what to teach, that is, the technical and practical content that should be taught to the student; and how to teach, that is, the structure and organization of a data-science program. Training Students to Extract Value from Big Data summarizes a workshop convened in April 2014 by the National Research Council's Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics to explore how best to train students to use big data. The workshop explored the need for training and curricula and coursework that should be included. One impetus for the workshop was the current fragmented view of what is meant by analysis of big data, data analytics, or data science. New graduate programs are introduced regularly, and they have their own notions of what is meant by those terms and, most important, of what students need to know to be proficient in data-intensive work. This report provides a variety of perspectives about those elements and about their integration into courses and curricula.

Whole

Rethinking the Science of Nutrition

Author: T. Colin Campbell,Howard Jacobson

Publisher: BenBella Books

ISBN: 1937856240

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 328

View: 747

An analysis of cutting-edge thinking on nutrition answers why a whole-food, plant-based diet provides optimal nutrition and demonstrates how far the scientific reductionism of the nutrition orthodoxy has gotten off track.

Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer

A Global Perspective

Author: N.A

Publisher: Amer Inst for Cancer Research

ISBN: N.A

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 517

View: 1247

The Second Expert Report, Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective offers the most up-to-date recommendations for individuals and populations. They are based on the conclusions of an expert panel that certain foods, drinks and lifestyle choices protect against or lead to the development of one or more types of cancer. Additionally, the report explains how the panel reached its conclusions and what those conclusions mean to researchers, educators, practitioners and policymakers around the world. It is the largest report of its kind ever done, covering 60 exposures in relationship to 17 cancer sites. 7,000 individual studies were consulted. Book includes a CD containing the most complete bibliography and presentation of the data ever compiled.

Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants

Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines

Author: B. Koletzko,B. Poindexter,R. Uauy

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3318026417

Category: Medical

Page: 326

View: 7677

Improved conditions of care for premature infants have led to markedly increased survival rates over the last few decades, particularly in very low and extremely low birth weight infants. Nutritional measures play a central role in the long-term outcome, health and quality of life of these premature infants. In this publication, leading experts from all 5 continents present the most recent evidence and critical analyses of nutrient requirements and the practice of nutritional care (with the focus on very low birth weight infants) to provide guidance for clinical application. After the introductory chapters, covering nutritional needs and research evidence in a more general manner, topics such as amino acids and proteins, lipids, microminerals and vitamins, parenteral and enteral nutrition as well as approaches to various disease conditions are addressed. Due to its focus on critical appraisals and recommendations, this book is of interest not only for the researcher who wants to keep up to date, but also for the clinician faced with premature infants in his practice.