Systematic Reviews in the Social Sciences

A Practical Guide

Author: Mark Petticrew,Helen Roberts

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405150149

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 5553

Such diverse thinkers as Lao-Tze, Confucius, and U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld have all pointed out that we need to be able to tell the difference between real and assumed knowledge. The systematic review is a scientific tool that can help with this difficult task. It can help, for example, with appraising, summarising, and communicating the results and implications of otherwise unmanageable quantities of data. This book, written by two highly-respected social scientists, provides an overview of systematic literature review methods: Outlining the rationale and methods of systematic reviews; Giving worked examples from social science and other fields; Applying the practice to all social science disciplines; It requires no previous knowledge, but takes the reader through the process stage by stage; Drawing on examples from such diverse fields as psychology, criminology, education, transport, social welfare, public health, and housing and urban policy, among others. Including detailed sections on assessing the quality of both quantitative, and qualitative research; searching for evidence in the social sciences; meta-analytic and other methods of evidence synthesis; publication bias; heterogeneity; and approaches to dissemination.

Research Methods for Social Science

A Practical Introduction

Author: R. A. McQueen,Christina Knussen

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780130404565

Category: Social sciences

Page: 245

View: 9562

Written in a clear, accessible and lively style, this text offers a comprehensive introduction as well as a practical guide to the planning, implementation and presentation of social research. Social research is introduced in a systematic way, following the logical sequence, which a student of the social science would follow in the design and implementation of a research project. The material is presented in a direct and humourous style, and the emphasis is on explanation with no assumption made about the reader's background in research issues.

Social Work Practice Research for the Twenty-First Century

Author: Anne E. Fortune,Philip McCallion,Katharine Briar-Lawson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231512643

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 7635

Social work professionals must demonstrate their effectiveness to legislators and governments, not to mention clients and incoming practitioners. A thorough evaluation of the activities, ethics, and outcomes of social work practice is critical to maintaining investment and interest in the profession and improving the lives of underserved populations. Incorporating the concerns of a new century into a consideration of models for practice research, this volume builds on the visionary work of William J. Reid (1928-2003) who transformed social work research through empirically based and task-centered approaches-and, more recently, synthesized intervention knowledge for framing future study. This collection reviews the task-centered model and other contemporary Evidence-Based Practice models for working with individuals, families, groups, communities, and organizations. Essays demonstrate the value of these pragmatic approaches in the United States and international settings. Contributors summarize state-of-the-art methods in several key fields of service, including children and families, aging, substance abuse, and mental health. They also evaluate the research movement itself, outlining an agenda for today's sociopolitical landscape and the profession. This volume inspires practice research to prioritize evidence as a base for the profession.

Developing Practice for Public Health and Health Promotion E-Book

Author: Jennie Naidoo,Jane Wills

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702044350

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 1164

This title is now out of print. A new edition with e-book is available under ISBN 9780702044540. This package provides you with the book plus the eBook – giving you the printed book and also giving access to the complete book content electronically. Evolve eBooks allows you to quickly search the entire book, make notes, add highlights, and study more efficiently. Buying other Evolve eBooks titles makes your learning experience even better: all of the eBooks will work together on your electronic 'bookshelf', so that you can search across your entire library of Nursing eBooks. Developing Practice for Public Health and Health Promotion is the second title in the ‘Public Health and Health Promotion Practice’ series, expanding on the best-selling introductory textbook, Foundations for Health Promotion. Developing Practice is an essential text for the many different practitioners, professionals and specialists who contribute to public health and health promotion, enabling them to develop their knowledge, skills and confidence. Fully updated to reflect the many changes in health promotion theory, practice and policy New chapter on empowerment as a key health promotion strategy Case studies, activities and discussion points encourage interaction and reflection, and stimulate learning Unique, user-friendly approach makes learning easy Examines the forces that drive practice Focuses on the core strategies of: Tackling health inequalities User and public participation and involvement Working in partnerships Empowerment. Identifies current public health priorities and how to address these in practice. Fully updated to reflect the many changes in health promotion theory, practice and policy New chapter on empowerment as a key health promotion strategy

Understanding and Using Health Experiences

Improving patient care

Author: Sue Ziebland,Angela Coulter,Joseph D. Calabrese,Louise Locock

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191643246

Category: Medical

Page: 184

View: 9976

Improving patient experience is a global priority for health policy-makers and care providers. The need to look at healthcare delivery through the eyes of patients is widely accepted, but how should it be done? What use can be made of this information, and what evidence is there that such exercises lead to better care? Understanding and Using Health Experiences: Improving patient care examines a broad range of different sources and techniques for gathering and analyzing health experiences. Providing an accessible and pragmatic overview of the diversity and richness of research in the field this book explores the strengths and limitations of different approaches, and assesses what each method can contribute to improving people's experience of illness, and the way that health services are delivered. The book looks at topics such as using focus groups to understand experiences of health and illness, patient surveys, and the internet as a source of information on people's experience. Using clear and engaging examples throughout, the book is accessibly written by experts in social science, health services, and health policy, and will be valuable to postgraduate students, healthcare practitioners, and individuals working in health and social policy, public sector management, and research.

Qualitative Marktforschung

Konzepte - Methoden - Analysen

Author: Renate Buber,Hartmut Holzmüller

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783834994417

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1152

View: 1787

79 Autoren geben Einblick in die theoretischen Wurzeln qualitativer Marktforschung, die grundlegende Methodologie, differente Forschungsstrategien sowie Herausforderungen in der Datenerhebung, Datenanalyse und Dateninterpretation. Anhand von Beispielen wird die Leistungsfähigkeit und Vielfältigkeit der Anwendungsmöglichkeiten der qualitativen Methodik bei der Analyse von Fragestellungen aus der Konsumforschung und dem Marketingmanagement demonstriert. In der 2. Auflage wurden aktuelle Entwicklungen integriert. "Auch Praktiker können von diesem Lehrbuch profitieren." w&v - werben & verkaufen

An Introduction to Systematic Reviews

Author: David Gough,Sandy Oliver,James Thomas

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446289362

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 1844

This timely, engaging book provides an overview of the nature, logic, diversity and process of undertaking systematic reviews as part of evidence informed decision making. A focused, accessible and technically up-to-date book, it covers the full breadth of approaches to reviews from statistical meta analysis to meta ethnography. It is ideal for anyone undertaking their own systematic review - providing all the necessary conceptual and technical background needed to make a good start on the process. The content is divided into five clear sections: • Approaches to reviewing • Getting started • Gathering and describing research • Appraising and synthesising data • Making use of reviews/models of research use. Easy to read and logically structured, this book is essential reading for anyone doing systematic reviews. David Gough is Professor of Evidence Informed Policy and Practice and Director of SSRU and its EPPI-Centre and Co-Editor of the journal Evidence & Policy. Sandy Oliver is Professor of Public Policy and Deputy Director of SSRU and its EPPI-Centre. James Thomas is Reader in Social Policy, Assistant Director of SSRU and Associate Direcctor of the EPPI-Centre.

Counselling for Depression

A Person-centred and Experiential Approach to Practice

Author: Pete Sanders,Andy Hill

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473904722

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 589

This is the first book to take a humanistic - person-centred/experiential - approach to counselling to the most commonly presenting client issue, depression. A landmark text, it establishes humanistic counselling as an evidence-based psychological intervention and is essential reading for trainees wishing to work in public health settings. Chapters cover: · Evidence-based practice and person-centred and experiential therapies · Counselling for Depression competence framework · Working briefly · the Counselling for Depression therapeutic stance · In-depth case studies illustrating Counselling for Depression in practice · Training, Supervision and Research. The book further includes lists of CfD competences, research data supporting the approach, and sources used in developing the Humanistic Competence Framework This will be vital reading for those taking CfD training or a humanistic counselling and psychotherapy course, as well as for those already working within the NHS wishing to enhance their practice. Andy Hill is an accredited counsellor, an experienced trainer and Head of Research at the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy. Pete Sanders is retired person-centred therapist, who now acts acts as a trainer, with a special interest in Pre Therapy. He founded PCCS training and PCCS books with his wife Maggie.

Grounded theory

Strategien qualitativer Forschung

Author: Barney G. Glaser,Anselm L. Strauss,Axel T. Paul

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783456849065

Category:

Page: 278

View: 4891

Der Klassiker über den qualitativen Forschungsansatz der "Grounded Theory", geschrieben von den Entwicklern dieser Methode "Obwohl unser Buch sich in erster Linie an Soziologen richtet, glauben wir, dass es jedem nutzen kann, der daran interessiert ist, soziale Phänomene zu untersuchen politischer, pädagogischer, wirtschaftlicher, industrieller oder welcher Art auch immer." In der Tat ist "Grounded Theory" quer durch die wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen zum Standardbegriff der qualitativen Sozialforschung ge - worden. Die inzwischen zum Klassiker avancierte Arbeit von Glaser und Strauss eröffnet eine lehrbare und auch lernbare Forschungsstrategie. Das Konzept bietet eine Antwort auf das Problem, die oft schmerzlich empfundene Lücke zwischen empirischer Forschung und Theorie zu schliessen.

Learning mobility and non-formal learning in European contexts: Policies, approaches and examples

Author: Günter J.Friesenhahn, Hanjo Schild, Hans-Georg Wicke, Judit Balogh

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 928717833X

Category: Education

Page: 209

View: 9133

Mobility is considered to be important for the personal development and employability of young people, as well as for intercultural dialogue, participation and active citizenship. Learning mobility in the youth field focuses on non-formal learning as a relevant part of youth work, with links to informal learning as well as to formal education. Different stakeholders at European level, particularly the Council of Europe and the European Commission, but also individual member states, foster programmes and strategies to enhance the mobility of young people, and particularly the learning dimension in mobility schemes. This book on learning mobility is a joint Council of Europe and European Commission publication, and provides texts of an academic, scientific, political and practical nature for all stakeholders in the youth field - youth leaders and youth workers, policy makers, researchers and so on. It should contribute to dialogue and co-operation between relevant players and to discussion on the further development and purpose of youth mobility schemes and their outcomes for young people.

Handbuch Qualitative Sozialforschung

Grundlagen, Konzepte, Methoden und Anwendungen

Author: Uwe Flick,Ernst von Kardorff

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783621280747

Category:

Page: 517

View: 6053

Dieses interdisziplinäre Handbuch bietet mit einer Vielzahl von Beiträgen international renommierter Fachleute einen ausführlichen Überblick über die qualitative Forschung, wobei neben der Psychologie und Soziologie auch Disziplinen wie Politikwissenschaft, Ethnologie, Geschichtswissenschaft und Psychoanalyse berücksichtigt werden.

Qualitative Interviews

Author: Sabina Misoch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110354616

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 6579

Qualitative interviews are a key tool in modern research practice. What are the different forms of the qualitative interview? Which method is suitable for which situation? How does one conduct qualitative interviews in practice? The book answers these and other questions by presenting methodological principles and different interview methods with schemata, figures, and examples, along with a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages.

Nonsexist Research Methods

A Practical Guide

Author: Margrit Eichler

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415906050

Category: Social Science

Page: 183

View: 4612

Provides a systematic approach to identifying, eliminating, and preventing sexist bias in social science research. Discusses the problems and implications of sexism in research, and then identifies four primary sources of bias: androcentricity, overgeneralization, gender insensitivity, and double standards. Three derivative sources of bias - sex appropriateness, familism, and sexual dichotomism are also discussed.

Fuzzy Set Theory

Applications in the Social Sciences

Author: Michael Smithson,Jay Verkuilen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761929864

Category: Mathematics

Page: 97

View: 7437

Fuzzy set theory deals with sets or categories whose boundaries are blurry or, in other words, "fuzzy." This book presents an accessible introduction to fuzzy set theory, focusing on its applicability to the social sciences. Unlike most books on this topic, Fuzzy Set Theory: Applications in the Social Sciences provides a systematic, yet practical guide for researchers wishing to combine fuzzy set theory with standard statistical techniques and model-testing.

The New Walford

Guide to Reference Resources

Author: Ray Lester

Publisher: Library Assn Pub Limited

ISBN: 9781856044981

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 699

View: 8779

The New Walford highlights the best resources to use when undertaking a search for accurate and relevant information, saving you precious time and effort. For those looking for a selective and evaluative reference resource that really delivers on its promise, look no further. In addition to print sources, The New Walford naturally covers an extensive range of e-reference sources such as digital databanks, digital reference services, electronic journal collections, meta-search engines, networked information services, open archives, resource discovery services and websites of premier organizations in both the public and private sectors. But rather than supplying a list of all available known resources as a web search engine might, The New Walford subject specialists have carefully selected and evaluated available resources to provide a definitive list of the most appropriate and useful.With an emphasis on quality and sustainability the subject specialists have been careful to assess the differing ways that information is framed and communicated in different subject areas. As a result the resource evaluations in each subject area are prefaced by an introductory overview of the structure of the relevant literature. This ensures that The New Walford is clear, easy-to-use and intuitive.Editorial Board:Chair: Ray LesterPeter Clinch; Helen Edwards; Heather Dawson; Susan TarrantSubject Specialists:Wendy Buckle; Patricia Budgen; Peter Chapman; Sheila Corrall; Jonathan Cowley; Heather Dawson; Gillian Dwyer; Tracey Ellis; Gwyneth Price; Lynne Seddon; Angela UptonCompiled by leading subject specialists from internationally renowned organizations, Volume 2 covers 15 broad subject groupings:• Social Sciences (generic)• Psychology• Sociology• Social Work & Social Welfare• Politics• Government• Law• Finance, Accountancy & Taxation• Industries & Utilities• Business & Management• Education & Learning• Sport• Media & Communications• Information & Library Sciences• Tools for Information Professionals.

Die Grenzen des Denkens

wie wir sie mit System erkennen und überwinden können

Author: Donella H. Meadows,Diana Wright

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783865811998

Category:

Page: 238

View: 3091

Anschauliche und leicht verständliche Einführung in das Gebiet komplexer Systeme, die es überall in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft sowie in den Naturwissenschaften gibt.

Doing a Systematic Review

A Student's Guide

Author: Angela Boland,Gemma Cherry,Rumona Dickson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446292738

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3818

If you are a Masters or a PhD student conducting a systematic review for your dissertation or thesis, then this is the book for you! Written by an expert team of authors with years of experience in conducting systematic reviews and supervising students doing systematic reviews, the book provides a roadmap to guide you through the process. The book addresses the following questions: - What's the best way to manage my review? - How do I formulate an appropriate review question? - How do I develop my search strategy? - How do I get started on data extraction? - How do I assess the quality of the studies I'm using? - How can I analyse and synthesise my data? - How should I write up the discussion and conclusion sections of my dissertation or thesis? - Where should I publish my data? Throughout the book, the authors make extensive use of questions posed by real students when carrying out reviews to help you through some of the challenges you may face. Like a team of supervisors in your pocket, this book will provide you with the tips and tools for a successful dissertation.

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 2305

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Grounded theory

Grundlagen qualitativer Sozialforschung

Author: Anselm L. Strauss,Juliet M. Corbin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783621272650

Category: Grounded theory

Page: 227

View: 4739

Studierende und Forscher verschiedener Disziplinen, die am Entwickeln einer Theorie interessiert sind, stellen sich nach der Datenerhebung oft die Frage: Wie komme ich zu einer Theorie, die sich auf die empirische Realität gründet? Die Autoren beantworten diese und andere Fragen, die sich bei der qualitativen Interpretation von Daten ergeben. Auf klare und einfache Art geschrieben vermittelt das Buch Schritt für Schritt die grundlegenden Kenntnisse und Verfahrensweisen der "grounded theory" (datenbasierte Theorie), so daß es besonders für Personen interessant ist, die sich zum ersten Mal mit der Theorienbildung anhand qualitativer Datenanalyse beschäftigen. Das Buch gliedert sich in drei Teile. Teil I bietet einen Überblick über die Denkweise, die der "grounded theory" zugrunde liegt. Teil II stellt die speziellen Techniken und Verfahrensweisen genau dar, wie z.B. verschiedene Kodierungsarten. In Teil III werden zusätzliche Verfahrensweisen erklärt und Evaluationskriterien genannt.