Rediscovering Geography

New Relevance for Science and Society

Author: Rediscovering Geography Committee,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309577624

Category: Education

Page: 241

View: 6038

As political, economic, and environmental issues increasingly spread across the globe, the science of geography is being rediscovered by scientists, policymakers, and educators alike. Geography has been made a core subject in U.S. schools, and scientists from a variety of disciplines are using analytical tools originally developed by geographers. Rediscovering Geography presents a broad overview of geography's renewed importance in a changing world. Through discussions and highlighted case studies, this book illustrates geography's impact on international trade, environmental change, population growth, information infrastructure, the condition of cities, the spread of AIDS, and much more. The committee examines some of the more significant tools for data collection, storage, analysis, and display, with examples of major contributions made by geographers. Rediscovering Geography provides a blueprint for the future of the discipline, recommending how to strengthen its intellectual and institutional foundation and meet the demand for geographic expertise among professionals and the public.

Spatial Analysis in Health Geography

Author: Asst Prof Eric Delmelle,Assoc Prof Antonio Páez,Professor Pavlos Kanaroglou

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472416198

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 1496

Presenting current research on spatial epidemiology, this book covers topics such as exposure, chronic disease, infectious disease, accessibility to health care settings and new methods in Geographical Information Science and Systems. For epidemiologists, and for the management and administration of health care settings, it is critical to understand the spatial dynamics of disease. Spatial epidemiology relies increasingly on new methodologies, such as clustering algorithms, visualization and space-time modelling, the domain of Geographic Information Science. Implementation of those techniques appears at an increasing pace in commercial Geographic Information Systems, alongside more traditional techniques that are already part of such systems. This book provides the latest methods in GI Science and their use in health related problems.

Environmental Systems

An Introductory Text

Author: I. D. White,D. N. Mottershead,Steven John Harrison,S. J. Harrison

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780748740819

Category: Science

Page: 616

View: 3926

Using energy flow and mass transfer as unifying themes, the discussion is set in a thermodynamic perspective.

Systems Approaches and Their Application

Examples from Sweden

Author: Mats-Olov Olsson,Gunnar Sjöstedt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781402023705

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 3946

This book describes the application of systems thinking across a broad field of cases representing research, teaching, decision support and construction. All cases are presented by experts who have actually been involved in the activities they describe. The broad selection of cases captures the great variation of systems thinking, and how it is integrated into models and theories and solid knowledge pertaining to different substantive areas.

Transportation

A Geographical Analysis

Author: William Richard Black

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572308480

Category: Science

Page: 375

View: 5706

This comprehensive text provides an authoritative introduction to transportation geography. With a primary focus on the United States, the volume also examines problems and trends in Europe and other parts of the developed world. Students gain a solid grasp of the history, definitions, and core concepts of the field, as well as models for analyzing transportation networks and flows between regions. Environmental, economic, and social issues in transportation planning and policy are addressed, and the uses of geographic information systems in transport (GIS-T) are discussed in detail. Written in a clear, straightforward style, the volume emphasizes real-world applications of the concepts discussed and identifies promising directions for future research. No advanced mathematical knowledge on the part of the reader is assumed. Key Features No other comprehensive text covers transportation geography from a North American perspective. Black is experienced and respected for his innovation. Will interest public and regional planners as well as geographers. Covers all the basics, analytical methods, and policy implications.

Spaces of Geographical Thought

Deconstructing Human Geography's Binaries

Author: Paul Cloke,Ron Johnston

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412933927

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 5340

Spaces of Geographical Thought examines key ideas – like space and place - which inform the geographic imagination. The text: discusses the core conceptual vocabulary of human geography: agency: structure; state: society; culture: economy; space: place; black: white; man: woman; nature: culture; local: global; and time: space; explains the significance of these binaries in the constitution of geographic thought; and shows how many of these binaries have been interrogated and re-imagined in more recent geographical thinking. A consideration of these binaries will define the concepts and situate students in the most current geographical arguments and debates. The text will be required reading for all modules on the philosophy of geography and on geographical theory.

Research Methods in Geography

A Critical Introduction

Author: Basil Gomez,John Paul Jones, III

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405107103

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 1645

This comprehensive textbook offers a conceptual and practical introduction to research methodology, data collection, and techniques used in both human and physical geography. Explores a full range of contemporary geographic techniques, including statistics, mathematical analysis, GIS, and remote sensing Unique in both content and organization, it brings together a team of internationally recognized specialists to create a balanced approach between physical geography, human geography, and research techniques Includes a series of foundational chapters offering multiple perspectives on the central questions in research methods Examines the conceptual frameworks and practical issues behind data acquisition and analysis, and how to interpret results Includes explanations of key terminology and exercises throughout

Systems Approaches and Their Application

Examples from Sweden

Author: Mats-Olov Olsson,Gunnar Sjöstedt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402023699

Category: Computers

Page: 340

View: 4148

Within a conceptual framework that is developed in the two first chapters, the actual application of systems thinking is described across a broad field of cases representing research, teaching, decision support and construction. All cases are presented by experts who have actually been involved in the activities they describe. Thus, the broad selection of cases captures the great variation of systems thinking and how it is integrated into models and theories and solid knowledge pertaining to different substantive areas. At the same time all case study authors address the same set of questions that are developed in the conceptual chapters. This gives comparability across cases - chapters - and brings cohesion to the book. The focus on Sweden, an advanced country in systems thinking, reinforces the unitary context in which comparison can be made between a systems approach for better research (theory), better practice and better design and construction. Most recent literature on systems thinking has a general (often philosophical) perspective, concerns computer systems or focuses on one highly specific problem. A special feature of this book is that, while it concerns a single nation, it simultaneously contains a broad overview of systems analysis in a number of important issue areas, for research as well as practice, against a penetrating background description of what systems analysis is, how it functions, what problems it represents and what results it may produce. The book is intended for a broad readership and can be appreciated by experts on systems thinking and analysis as well as by students, teachers, researchers, planners and policy makers who want to learn more about this topic. The book should be useful in university teaching in several disciplines.

An Introduction to Political Geography

Space, Place and Politics

Author: Martin Jones,Rhys Jones,Michael Woods

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415250764

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 1401

An Introduction to Political Geography provides a broad-based introduction to how power interacts with space; how place influences political identities; and how policy creates and remoulds territory. By pushing back the boundaries of what we conventionally understand as political geography, the book emphasizes the interactions between power, politics and policy, space, place and territory in different geographical contexts. This is both an essential text for political geographers and also a valuable resource for students of related fields with an interest in politics and geography.

The Geography of Transport Systems

Author: Jean-Paul Rodrigue,Claude Comtois,Brian Slack

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317210107

Category: Transportation

Page: 440

View: 1268

This expanded and revised fourth edition of The Geography of Transport Systems provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the field with a broad overview of its concepts, methods and areas of application. Aimed mainly at an undergraduate audience, it provides an overview of the spatial aspects of transportation and focuses on how the mobility of passengers and freight is linked with geography. The book is divided in ten chapters, each covering a specific conceptual dimension, including networks, modes, terminals, freight transportation, urban transportation and environmental impacts, and updated with the latest information available. The fourth edition offers new material on the issues of transport and the economy, city logistics, supply chains, security, energy, the environment, as well as a revised content structure. With over 160 updated photographs, figures and maps, The Geography of Transport Systems presents transportation systems at different scales ranging from global to local and focuses on different contexts such as North America, Europe and East Asia. This volume is an essential resource for undergraduates studying transport geography, as well as those interested in economic and urban geography, transport planning and engineering. A companion web site, which contains additional material, has been developed for the book and can be found here: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/

A Geography of Russia and Its Neighbors

Author: Mikhail S. Blinnikov

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 160623921X

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 4950

Comprehensive and authoritative, this text offers an accessible introduction to post-Soviet Eurasia. Students get a solid grounding in the physical, cultural, political, and economic geography of this rapidly changing region. Core thematic chapters focus primarily on Russia but also incorporate relevant information on the other 14 former Soviet republics. Regional chapters provide concise discussions of each republic and of Russia's main regions. Student-friendly features include engaging vignettes, review questions, exercises, recommendations for further reading, and Internet resources. The volume's over 200 original maps, photographs, and other figures are also available as PowerPoint slides at the companion website.

WorldMinds

Geographical Perspectives on 100 Problems

Author: Donald G. Janelle,Barney Warf,Kathy Hansen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402016127

Category: Science

Page: 635

View: 4485

WorldMinds provides broad exposure to a geography that is engaged with discovery, interpretation, and problem solving. Its 100 succinct chapters demonstrate the theories, methods, and data used by geographers, and exemplify the conceptual and topical richness of contemporary geography. The 150 contributing authors and co-authors address the challenges posed by issues such as globalization, regional and ethnic conflict, environmental hazards, terrorism, poverty, and sustainable development. This volume demonstrates the utility of geography as a conceptual discipline that contributes theoretically; as an applied practice that informs policy-making; and as a coherent set of methodologies to gather and analyze data about Earth and its occupants. WorldMinds is the ideal general reader to supplement textbooks in the full range of academic geography courses. In addition to geography students and instructors, it is relevant to researchers, applied geographers and policy makers.

Applied Geography

Principles and Practice : an Introduction to Useful Research in Physical, Environmental and Human Geography

Author: Michael Pacione

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415182683

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 6742

Offering an introduction to useful research in physical, environmental and human geography, this text provides a new focus and reference point for investigating and understanding problem-orientated research.

China

A Geographical Perspective

Author: David W. S. Wong,Kenneth K. K. Wong,Him Chung,James J. Wang

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462533736

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 686

China has become a superpower, exerting significant influence globally. This accessible text integrates thematic and regional coverage to provide a panoramic view of China--its physical geography; population, including ethnic diversity; urban development; agriculture and land use; transportation networks; dynamic economic processes; and environmental challenges. Cultural and political geography topics are woven throughout the chapters. The text also offers in-depth assessments of selected regions, capturing the complexity of this vast and populous country. It is richly illustrated with more than 150 maps, tables, figures, and photographs--including 8 pages in full color--which are available as PowerPoint slides at the companion website. Pedagogical Features *Chapter-opening learning objectives. *Chapter-opening key concepts and terms. *Extensive notes pointing students to relevant online resources. *Engaging topic boxes in every chapter.

Spaces of Global Capitalism

Author: David Harvey

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781844670659

Category: Political Science

Page: 154

View: 5807

An essential introduction to the field of historical geography, which offers a radical new way of understanding global capitalism.

Horizons in Human Geography

Author: Derek Gregory,Rex Walford

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349198390

Category: Human geography

Page: 426

View: 9382

This study contains 20 specially commissioned essays which attempt to present a critical challenge to the philosophical positivism of the "New Geography". The work attempts to shed light on the relationship between human agency and social and spatial structures.