Systems Thinking for Health Systems Strengthening

Author: Don De Savigny,Taghreed Adam,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563893

Category: Education

Page: 107

View: 8515

This report investigates how systems thinking can deepen the conceptual and practical underpinnings of system strengthening initiatives. This Flagship Report from the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research makes the case for systems thinking in an easily accessible form for a broad interdisciplinary audience, including health system stewards, programme implementers, researchers, evaluators and funding partners. It presents: What systems thinking is, and what it means for the health system; A health systems case illustration that demonstrates the "Ten Steps to Systems Thinking" - practical guidance in applying the systems perspective; The challenges and opportunities to applying systems thinking in real-world settings; An agenda for expanding the use of systems thinking for health systems strengthening.

The Role of Public-Private Partnerships in Health Systems Strengthening

Workshop Summary

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Public-Private Partnerships for Global Health and Safety

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309381398

Category: Medical

Page: 126

View: 8123

Over the past several decades, the public and private sectors made significant investments in global health, leading to meaningful changes for many of the world's poor. These investments and the resulting progress are often concentrated in vertical health programs, such as child and maternal health, malaria, and HIV, where donors may have a strategic interest. Frequently, partnerships between donors and other stakeholders can coalesce on a specific topical area of expertise and interest. However, to sustain these successes and continue progress, there is a growing recognition of the need to strengthen health systems more broadly and build functional administrative and technical infrastructure that can support health services for all, improve the health of populations, increase the purchasing and earning power of consumers and workers, and advance global security. In June 2015, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop on the role of public-private partnerships (PPPs) in health systems strengthening. Participants examined a range of incentives, innovations, and opportunities for relevant sectors and stakeholders in strengthening health systems through partnerships; to explore lessons learned from pervious and ongoing efforts with the goal of illuminating how to improve performance and outcomes going forward; and to discuss measuring the value and outcomes of investments and documenting success in partnerships focused on health systems strengthening. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Discrete-Event Simulation and System Dynamics for Management Decision Making

Author: Sally Brailsford,Leonid Churilov,Brian Dangerfield

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118762754

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 6698

In recent years, there has been a growing debate, particularlyin the UK and Europe, over the merits of using discrete-eventsimulation (DES) and system dynamics (SD); there are now instanceswhere both methodologies were employed on the same problem. Thisbook details each method, comparing each in terms of both theoryand their application to various problem situations. It alsoprovides a seamless treatment of various topics--theory,philosophy, detailed mechanics, practical implementation--providinga systematic treatment of the methodologies of DES and SD, whichpreviously have been treated separately.

Health Promotion and the Policy Process

Author: Carole Clavier,Evelyne de Leeuw

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191632627

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 3128

Scholars and governments recognize the importance of policy development and implementation for population health, but there is a lack of systematic theoretical and conceptual development in the health field to address the issue. Health Promotion and the Policy Process is the first book to take an in-depth look at the theoretical advances in the political sciences, including discussing the significance of political economy and sociology, which so far have made little progress in health promotion development. The book argues that focusing on how public policies work makes it possible to move beyond the more behavioural 'health education' approach, and make the transition from political statements to political strategies. The authors draw from a wide array of theories on the policy process in the fields of political science and political sociology to illuminate health promotion strategies and objectives. For example they discuss how Kingdon's Multiple Streams Model, Sabatier's Advocacy-Coalition Framework and policy network theories can contribute to greater health equity, healthy public policies and community development. Through practical and critical tools, research, and experience-based discussion, Health Promotion and the Policy Process discusses how theories can be used to influence, evaluate, orient or implement health promotion interventions and policies. This book will be essential reading for health promoters who want to make a difference by influencing social determinants of health at the policy level including students, public health professionals, researchers, practitioners, decision makers and those concerned with applied policy research.

24 Hours to Save the NHS

The Chief Executive's Account of Reform 2000 to 2006

Author: Nigel Crisp

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199639957

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 6523

This is a unique book, written by the former Chief Executive of the NHS and Permanent Secretary of the UK Department of Health from 2000 to 2006 - the only person to have held both roles. In this book, Lord Crisp addresses is the struggle to balance the desire for equity and social solidarity on the one hand and the drive for efficiency and markets on the other. He discusses the challenge to reconceptualise our health systems as being about society - health,education, work and leisure - and about helping citizens achieve greater independence and fulfilment as well as health. He suggests that the reform needs to be on three fronts at the same time: re-designingservices so they operate better; reforming the whole system and its organisation and incentives; and, hardest of all,restructuring the workforce and its technology.The real life experiences discussed in this book provide lessons for the current reforms in the NHS and for health systems everywhere which are planning improvements and reform. The author draws these lessons out for the NHS in England, low and middle income countries which are engaged in "healthsystems strengthening" and for high income countries which are planning or undergoingreforms.

Aid on the Edge of Chaos

Rethinking International Cooperation in a Complex World

Author: Ben Ramalingam

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191503444

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 702

Many agree that the foreign aid system - which today involves virtually every nation on earth - needs drastic change. But there is much conflict as to what should be done. In Aid on the Edge of Chaos, Ben Ramalingam argues that what is most needed is the creative and innovative transformation of how aid works. Foreign aid today is dominated by linear, mechanistic ideas that emerged from early twentieth century industry, and are ill-suited to the world we face today. The problems and systems aid agencies deal with on a daily basis have more in common with ecosystems than machines: they are interconnected, diverse, and dynamic; they cannot be just simply re-engineered or fixed. Outside of aid, social scientists, economists, business leaders, and policy makers have started applying innovative and scientific approaches to such problems, informed by ideas from the 'new science' of complex adaptive systems. Inspired by these efforts, aid practitioners and researchers have started experimenting with such approaches in their own work. This book showcases the experiences, insights, and often remarkable results of innovative thinkers and practitioners who are working to bring these approaches into the mainstream of aid. From transforming child malnutrition to rethinking economic growth, from building peace to reversing desertification, from rural Vietnam to urban Kenya, the ideas of complex systems thinking are starting to be used to make foreign aid more relevant, more appropriate, and more catalytic. Aid on the Edge of Chaos argues that such ideas and approaches should play a vital part of the transformation of aid. Aid should move from being an imperfect post-World War II global resource transfer system, to a new form of global cooperation that is truly fit for the twenty-first century.

An Introduction to Systematic Reviews

Author: David Gough,Sandy Oliver,James Thomas

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446289362

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 3972

This timely, engaging book provides an overview of the nature, logic, diversity and process of undertaking systematic reviews as part of evidence informed decision making. A focused, accessible and technically up-to-date book, it covers the full breadth of approaches to reviews from statistical meta analysis to meta ethnography. It is ideal for anyone undertaking their own systematic review - providing all the necessary conceptual and technical background needed to make a good start on the process. The content is divided into five clear sections: • Approaches to reviewing • Getting started • Gathering and describing research • Appraising and synthesising data • Making use of reviews/models of research use. Easy to read and logically structured, this book is essential reading for anyone doing systematic reviews. David Gough is Professor of Evidence Informed Policy and Practice and Director of SSRU and its EPPI-Centre and Co-Editor of the journal Evidence & Policy. Sandy Oliver is Professor of Public Policy and Deputy Director of SSRU and its EPPI-Centre. James Thomas is Reader in Social Policy, Assistant Director of SSRU and Associate Direcctor of the EPPI-Centre.

Grundzüge einer Systemtheorie

Principles of Systems

Author: Jay Wright Forrester

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663020940

Category: Science

Page: 213

View: 3743

Theory of Addiction

Author: Robert West,Jamie Brown

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118484916

Category: Psychology

Page: 280

View: 2199

The word ‘addiction’ these days is used to refer toa chronic condition where there is an unhealthily powerful motivation to engage in a particularbehaviour. This can be driven by many different factors – physiological, psychological,environmental and social. If we say that it is all about X, we miss V, W, Y and Z. So, some people thinkaddicts are using drugs to escape from unhappy lives, feelings of anxiety and so on; many are. Somepeople think drugs become addictive because they alter the brain chemistry to create powerfulurges; that is often true. Others think that drug taking is about seeking after pleasure;often it is. Some take the view that addiction is a choice – addicts weigh up the pros and cons ofdoing what they do and decide the former outweigh the latter. Yet others believe that addictssuffer from poor impulse control; that is often true… And so it goes on. When you look at the evidence, you see that all these positionscapture important aspects of the problem – but they are not complete explanations.Neuroscience can help us delve more deeply into some of these explanations, while the behavioural andsocial sciences are better at exploring others. We need a model that puts all this together in away that can help us decide what to do in different cases. Should we prescribe a drug, give theperson some ‘tender loving care’, put them in prison or what? Theory of Addictionprovides this synthesis. The first edition was well received: ‘Throughout the book the reader is exposed to a vastnumber of useful observations...The theoretical aims are timely, refreshing, ambitious and above allchallenging. It opens up a new way of looking at addiction and has the potential to move the fieldof addiction a considerable leap forward. Thus we wholeheartedly would like to recommend thebook for students as well as scholars. Read and learn!’ Nordic Studies on Alcoholand Drugs ‘The book provides a comprehensive review of existingtheories - over 30 in all - and this synthesis of theories constitutes an important contribution in andof itself... West is to be commended for his synthesis of addiction theories that spanneurobiology, psychology and social science and for his insights into what remainsunexplained.’ Addiction This new edition of Theory of Addiction builds on the first,including additional theories in the field, a more developed specification of PRIME theory andanalysis of the expanding evidence base. With this important new information, Theory of Addiction willcontinue to be essential reading for all those working in addiction, from student to experiencedpractitioner – as urged above, Read and learn!

Die Grenzen des Denkens

wie wir sie mit System erkennen und überwinden können

Author: Donella H. Meadows,Diana Wright

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783865811998

Category:

Page: 238

View: 3689

Anschauliche und leicht verständliche Einführung in das Gebiet komplexer Systeme, die es überall in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft sowie in den Naturwissenschaften gibt.

Investigación en sistemas de salud

contribuciones selectas del INSP en el XV aniversario del CISS

Author: Carlos Oropeza Abúndez

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical care

Page: 422

View: 3974

Sustainability Assessment

Einsatz der Fuzzy Logic zur integrierten ökologischen und ökonomischen Bewertung von Dienstleistungen, Produkten und Technologien

Author: Rupert Baumgartner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322811328

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 166

View: 2168

Rupert J. Baumgartner entwickelt ein Modell zur gleichrangigen Bewertung ökologischer und ökonomischer Aspekte von Produkten, Dienstleistungen und Technologien als Basis für unternehmensstrategische Entscheidungen. Mittels Fuzzy Logic werden situationsspezifisch eine ökologische Teilbewertung und eine ökonomische Teilbewertung unter nachhaltigen Gesichtspunkten zusammengeführt. Die Arbeit wurde mit dem Umweltforschungspreis 2003 des Industrieunternehmens Voestalpine AG ausgezeichnet.

World Report on Knowledge for Better Health

Strengthening Health Systems

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241562811

Category: Law

Page: 146

View: 342

This book reviews the current state of health research and concludes that: more investment is needed, research need to be managed more effectively to help strengthen health systems and build public confidence in science; stronger emphasis should be placed on translating knowledge into action. There are five sections: learning to improve health, gives an overview and some historical perspective; towards a scientific basis for health systems; strengthening health research systems; linking research to action; and recommendations and an action plan.

Strategisches und operatives Produktionsmanagement

Empirie und Simulation

Author: Jürgen Strohhecker,Andreas Größler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834984019

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 5141

Der Sammelband ehrt Professor Dr. Dr. h.c. Peter Milling zu seinem 65. Geburtstag. Er vereint deutsche und internationale Beiträge, die das weite Feld des Produktionsmanagements thematisieren.

Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

An Economic and Policy Perspective

Author: Richard D. Smith,Kara Hanson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199566763

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 288

View: 5897

Health systems in low- and middle-income countries: an economic and policy perspective outlines the key aspects and issues concerning health systems of low- and middle-income countries, recognising the current global context within which these systems operate and the dynamics of this context. It brings together a set of renowned authors to tackle the issues that face population health and health care in the twenty-first century. The focus is predominantly low- and middle-income countries, with a distinct meeting of economic and policy perspectives, and grounding analysis of key issues within the broader international context. The book therefore provides a unique and comprehensive analysis of health systems, with a very different and unique 'flavour' in the field. It should have wide appeal to those engaged in health and health care, including health professionals, researchers and students, as well as those outside traditional health professions but with increasing interest within health issues, such as trade policy makers, researchers and students.