Talea and Juquila

A Comparison of Zapotec Social Organization

Author: Laura Nader

Publisher: Berkeley : University of California Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Juquila Vijanos, México

Page: 101

View: 5593

Toward a General Theory of Social Control

Fundamentals

Author: Donald Black

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483267024

Category: Social Science

Page: 378

View: 7848

Studies on Law and Social Control: Toward a General Theory of Social Control, Volume 1: Fundamentals focuses on the dynamics, practices, and mechanisms involved in social control. The selection first underscores social control as a dependent variable and division of labor in social control. Discussions focus on the explanation of division of social control labor; concept of division of social control labor; conceptions of the relationship between law and social control; quantity of normative behavior; and concept of social control. The text then takes a look at the stage of disputing to complaining, liability and social structure, and social organization of vengeance. Topics include revenge among inmates, contingency of vengeance, design of vengeance, liability and conflict management, idiom of liability in stateless societies, and complaining and the direction of law. The publication ponders on the variability of punishment, compensation in cross-cultural perspective, therapy and social solidarity, logic of mediation, and gossips and scandals. Concerns include role of gossip in small-scale societies, therapeutic social control in individualistic groups and tribal societies, social organization of compensation, and existing theories of punishment. The selection is a vital source of data for sociologists and researchers interested in the fundamentals of social control.

History and Power in the Study of Law

New Directions in Legal Anthropology

Author: June Starr,Jane F. Collier

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501723332

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 2254

Building on earlier work in the anthropology of law and taking a critical stance toward it, June Starr and Jane F. Collier ask, "Should social anthropologists continue to isolate the ‘legal’ as a separate field of study?" To answer this question, they confront critics of legal anthropology who suggest that the subfield is dying and advocate a reintegration of legal anthropology into a renewed general anthropology. Chapters by anthropologists, sociologists, and law professors, using anthropological rather than legal methodologies, provide original analyses of particular legal developments. Some contributors adopt an interpretative approach, focusing on law as a system of meaning; others adopt a materialistic approach, analyzing the economic and political forces that historically shaped relations between social groups. Contributors include Said Armir Arjomand, Anton Blok, Bernard Cohn, George Collier, Carol Greenhouse, Sally Falk Moore, Laura Nader, June Nash, Lawrence Rosen, June Starr, and Joan Vincent.

Practicing Ethnography in Law

New Dialogues, Enduring Methods

Author: J. Starr,M. Goodale

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137065737

Category: Social Science

Page: 209

View: 9250

Practicing Ethnography in Law brings together a selection of top scholars in legal anthropology, social sciences, and law to delineate the state of the art in ethnographic research strategies. Each of these original essays addresses a particular set of analytical problems and uses these problems to explore issues of ethnographic technique, research methodology, and the theoretical underpinnings of ethnographic legal studies. Subjects explored include the relationship between legal and feminist scholarship, between law and the media, law and globalization, and the usefulness of a wide variety of research techniques: comparative, linguistic, life-history, interview, and archival. This volume will serve as a guide for students who are designing their own research projects, for scholars who are newly exploring the possibilities of ethnographic research, and for experienced ethnographers who are engaged with methodological issues in light of current theoretical developments. The book will be essential reading for courses in anthropological methods, legal anthropology, and sociology and law.

Conquest of the Sierra

Spaniards and Indians in Colonial Oaxaca

Author: John K. Chance

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806133379

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 7219

"Conquest of the Sierra "depicts the colonial experience in the Sierra Zapoteca, a remote mountain region of Oaxaca, in southern Mexico. Based on unpublished and hitherto untapped archival sources, this book traces the evolution of a unique regional colonial society.

Ethnology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 9935

The Anthropology of Power

Ethnographic Studies from Asia, Oceania, and the New World

Author: Raymond Fogelson,Richard Newbold Adams

Publisher: New York : Academic Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethnology

Page: 429

View: 7379

The second conquest

an ethnohistory of a Cajonos Zapotec village & the Lienzo of Tabaá I

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1386

Zapotec women

Author: Lynn Stephen

Publisher: Univ of Texas Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 8723

What happens when indigenous culture is packaged for sale in the United States ? How does capital accumulation affect relations between men and women, local politics, kinship, and reciprocal exchanges of goods and labor? In this innovative study of several Zapotec communities in and around Oaxaca, Mexico, Lynn Stephen explores these questions, looking at how commercial weaving for export has altered the lives of women since the Mexican Revolution. Drawing on firsthand insights gleaned during two and a half years of fieldwork, Stephen shows that the expansion of capitalism has affected Zapotec women in different ways. She demonstrates how class and ethnicity as well as gender determine women's roles and standing in the community. Individual life histories complement her data, showing how women may hold a position of importance in one area (ritual life, weaving production, or local politics), while occupying a subservient position in another. She also compares Zapotec women's participation in local politics with that of other peasant women in Mexico. Stephen concludes that while the commercialization of Zapotec weaving has produced class differentiation--as classic economic theories predict--it has also reinforced kin-based institutions that support a strong sense of local ethnic identity. These findings offer important new insights for the fields of economic and political anthropology, Latin American and Third World studies, and women's studies.

Encyclopedia of crime and justice

Author: Sanford H. Kadish

Publisher: Free Pr

ISBN: 9780029181102

Category: Law

Page: 1790

View: 9188

Discuss various aspects of crime and the criminal justice process

Anthropological Locations

Boundaries and Grounds of a Field Science

Author: Akhil Gupta,James Ferguson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520206809

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 7305

"A vitally important contribution to anthropology. . . . Most importantly, although the critique is sharply directed, the tone of the volume is constructive rather than destructive--or deconstructive."--Joan Vincent, Barnard College "A rich, thought-provoking, and highly original collection. . . . The research presented is new and the perspectives original. This collection of essays casts significant new light on phenomena and practices which have long been central to anthropology, while at the same time introducing new substantive materials."--Don Brenneis, University of California, Santa Cruz

Harmony Ideology

Justice and Control in a Zapotec Mountain Village

Author: Laura Nader

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804718103

Category: Social Science

Page: 343

View: 1192

The Zapotec observe that 'a bad compromise is better than a good fight'. Why? This study of the legal system of the Zapotec village of Talea suggests that compromise and, more generally, harmony are strategies used by colonized groups to protect themselves from encroaching powerholders or strategies the colonizers use to defend themselves against organized subordinates. Harmony models are present, despite great organizational and cultural differences, in many parts of the world. However, the basic components of harmony ideology are the same everywhere: an emphasis on conciliation, recognition that resolution of conflict is inherently good and that its reverse - continued conflict or controversy - is bad, a view of harmonious behaviour as more civilized than disputing behaviour, the belief that consensus is of greater survival value than controversy. The book's central thesis is that harmony ideology in Talea today is both a product of nearly 500 years of colonial encounter and a strategy for resisting the state's political and cultural hegemony.

From Liberal to Revolutionary Oaxaca

The View from the South, Mexico 1867-1911

Author: Francie R. Chassen-López

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271046792

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3728

From Liberal to Revolutionary Oaxaca aims at finally setting Mexican history free of stereotypes about the southern state of Oaxaca, long portrayed as a traditional and backward society resistant to the forces of modernization and marginal to the Revolution. Chassen-L&ópez challenges this view of Oaxaca as a negative mirror image of modern Mexico, presenting in its place a much more complex reality. Her analysis of the confrontations between Mexican liberals&’ modernizing projects and Oaxacan society, especially indigenous communal villages, reveals not only conflicts but also growing linkages and dependencies. She portrays them as engaging with and transforming each other in an ongoing process of contestation, negotiation, and compromise.