Techniques in Fractal Geometry

Author: Kenneth Falconer

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471957249

Category: Mathematics

Page: 274

View: 9195

Following on from the success of Fractal Geometry: Mathematical Foundations and Applications, this new sequel presents a variety of techniques in current use for studying the mathematics of fractals. Much of the material presented in this book has come to the fore in recent years. This includes methods for studying dimensions and other parameters of fractal sets and measures, as well as more sophisticated techniques such as thermodynamic formalism and tangent measures. In addition to general theory, many examples and applications are described, in areas such as differential equations and harmonic analysis. This book is mathematically precise, but aims to give an intuitive feel for the subject, with underlying concepts described in a clear and accessible manner. The reader is assumed to be familiar with material from Fractal Geometry, but the main ideas and notation are reviewed in the first two chapters. Each chapter ends with brief notes on the development and current state of the subject. Exercises are included to reinforce the concepts. The author's clear style and up-to-date coverage of the subject make this book essential reading for all those who with to develop their understanding of fractal geometry.

Fractal Geometry

Mathematical Foundations and Applications

Author: Kenneth Falconer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111876286X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 5916

The seminal text on fractal geometry for students and researchers: extensively revised and updated with new material, notes and references that reflect recent directions. Interest in fractal geometry continues to grow rapidly, both as a subject that is fascinating in its own right and as a concept that is central to many areas of mathematics, science and scientific research. Since its initial publication in 1990 Fractal Geometry: Mathematical Foundations and Applications has become a seminal text on the mathematics of fractals. The book introduces and develops the general theory and applications of fractals in a way that is accessible to students and researchers from a wide range of disciplines. Fractal Geometry: Mathematical Foundations and Applications is an excellent course book for undergraduate and graduate students studying fractal geometry, with suggestions for material appropriate for a first course indicated. The book also provides an invaluable foundation and reference for researchers who encounter fractals not only in mathematics but also in other areas across physics, engineering and the applied sciences. Provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the mathematical theory and applications of fractals Carefully explains each topic using illustrative examples and diagrams Includes the necessary mathematical background material, along with notes and references to enable the reader to pursue individual topics Features a wide range of exercises, enabling readers to consolidate their understanding Supported by a website with solutions to exercises and additional material http://www.wileyeurope.com/fractal Leads onto the more advanced sequel Techniques in Fractal Geometry (also by Kenneth Falconer and available from Wiley)

Fractal Geometry in Architecture and Design

Author: Carl Bovill

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461208432

Category: Mathematics

Page: 195

View: 3420

na broad sense Design Science is the grammar of a language of images Irather than of words. Modern communication techniques enable us to transmit and reconstitute images without needing to know a specific verbal sequence language such as the Morse code or Hungarian. International traffic signs use international image symbols which are not specific to any particular verbal language. An image language differs from a verbal one in that the latter uses a linear string of symbols, whereas the former is multi dimensional. Architectural renderings commonly show projections onto three mutual ly perpendicular planes, or consist of cross sections at different altitudes capa ble of being stacked and representing different floor plans. Such renderings make it difficult to imagine buildings comprising ramps and other features which disguise the separation between floors, and consequently limit the cre ative process of the architect. Analogously, we tend to analyze natural struc tures as if nature had used similar stacked renderings, rather than, for instance, a system of packed spheres, with the result that we fail to perceive the system of organization determining the form of such structures. Perception is a complex process. Our senses record; they are analogous to audio or video devices. We cannot, however, claim that such devices perceive.

Viewpoints

Mathematical Perspective and Fractal Geometry in Art

Author: Marc Frantz,Annalisa Crannell

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400839056

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 6835

An undergraduate textbook devoted exclusively to relationships between mathematics and art, Viewpoints is ideally suited for math-for-liberal-arts courses and mathematics courses for fine arts majors. The textbook contains a wide variety of classroom-tested activities and problems, a series of essays by contemporary artists written especially for the book, and a plethora of pedagogical and learning opportunities for instructors and students. Viewpoints focuses on two mathematical areas: perspective related to drawing man-made forms and fractal geometry related to drawing natural forms. Investigating facets of the three-dimensional world in order to understand mathematical concepts behind the art, the textbook explores art topics including comic, anamorphic, and classical art, as well as photography, while presenting such mathematical ideas as proportion, ratio, self-similarity, exponents, and logarithms. Straightforward problems and rewarding solutions empower students to make accurate, sophisticated drawings. Personal essays and short biographies by contemporary artists are interspersed between chapters and are accompanied by images of their work. These fine artists--who include mathematicians and scientists--examine how mathematics influences their art. Accessible to students of all levels, Viewpoints encourages experimentation and collaboration, and captures the essence of artistic and mathematical creation and discovery. Classroom-tested activities and problem solving Accessible problems that move beyond regular art school curriculum Multiple solutions of varying difficulty and applicability Appropriate for students of all mathematics and art levels Original and exclusive essays by contemporary artists Forthcoming: Instructor's manual (available only to teachers)

Fractal Geometry in Digital Imaging

Author: Martin J. Turner,Jonathan M. Blackledge,Patrick R. Andrews

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780127039701

Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 8613

This book presents the analysis of textured images using fractal geometry, and discusses its application to imaging science and computer vision when modeling natural objects. The authors explore the methods which can be used to simulate, analyze, and interpret coherent images, and demonstrate a new approach which segments each image into regions of similarity that can be characterized by a random fractal with a given fractal dimension. Fractal Geometry in Digital Imaging is based on a research project, but has been written with a broad coverage and user friendly math to make the book accessible to a wider audience. It includes real world experiences and applications using the techniques described. * Discusses the analysis of textured images using fractal geometry * Explores the methods used to simulate, analyze, and interpret coherent images * Contains coverage of real world experiences and applications * Written in a user friendly style

Mathematics of Fractals

Author: Masaya Yamaguchi,Masayoshi Hata,Jun Kigami

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821805374

Category: Mathematics

Page: 78

View: 7046

This book aims at providing a handy explanation of the notions behind the self-similar sets called "fractals" and "chaotic dynamical systems". The authors emphasize the beautiful relationship between fractal functions (such as Weierstrass's) and chaotic dynamical systems; these nowhere-differentiable functions are generating functions of chaotic dynamical systems. These functions are shown to be in a sense unique solutions of certain boundary problems. The last chapter of the book treats harmonic functions on fractal sets.

Fractal Geometry

Mathematical Methods, Algorithms, Applications

Author: J M Blackledge,A K Evans,M J Turner

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857099590

Category: Mathematics

Page: 244

View: 8036

International authorities from Canada, Denmark, England, Germany, Russia and South Africa focus on research on fractal geometry and the best practices in software, theoretical mathematical algorithms, and analysis. They address the rich panoply of manifold applications of fractal geometry available for study and research in science and industry: i.e., remote sensing, mapping, texture creations, pattern recognition, image compression, aeromechanical systems, cryptography and financial analysis. Economically priced, this important and authoritative reference source for research and study cites over 230 references to the literature, copiously illustrated with over 320 diagrams and photographs. The book is published for The Institute of Mathematics and its Applications, co-sponsored with The Institute of Physics and The Institution of Electrical Engineers. Outlines research on fractal geometry and the best practices in software, theoretical mathematical algorithms, and analysis International authorities from around the world address the rich panoply of manifold applications of fractal geometry available for study and research in science and industry Addresses applications in key research fields of remote sensing, mapping, texture creations, pattern recognition, image compression, aeromechanical systems, cryptography and financial analysis

Alt.fractals

A Visual Guide to Fractal Geometry and Design

Author: Eric Baird

Publisher: Chocolate Tree Books

ISBN: 0955706831

Category: Design

Page: 232

View: 8887

A range of fractal types and variations drawn and discussed, with over 200 illustrations and diagrams.

Recent Developments in Fractals and Related Fields

Conference on Fractals and Related Fields III, île de Porquerolles, France, 2015

Author: Julien Barral,Stéphane Seuret

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319578057

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 6211

This contributed volume provides readers with an overview of the most recent developments in the mathematical fields related to fractals, including both original research contributions, as well as surveys from many of the leading experts on modern fractal theory and applications. It is an outgrowth of the Conference of Fractals and Related Fields III, that was held on September 19-25, 2015 in île de Porquerolles, France. Chapters cover fields related to fractals such as harmonic analysis, multifractal analysis, geometric measure theory, ergodic theory and dynamical systems, probability theory, number theory, wavelets, potential theory, partial differential equations, fractal tilings, combinatorics, and signal and image processing. The book is aimed at pure and applied mathematicians in these areas, as well as other researchers interested in discovering the fractal domain.

Fractals in Probability and Analysis

Author: Christopher J. Bishop,Yuval Peres

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107134110

Category: Mathematics

Page: 412

View: 3344

This is a mathematically rigorous introduction to fractals which emphasizes examples and fundamental ideas. Building up from basic techniques of geometric measure theory and probability, central topics such as Hausdorff dimension, self-similar sets and Brownian motion are introduced, as are more specialized topics, including Kakeya sets, capacity, percolation on trees and the traveling salesman theorem. The broad range of techniques presented enables key ideas to be highlighted, without the distraction of excessive technicalities. The authors incorporate some novel proofs which are simpler than those available elsewhere. Where possible, chapters are designed to be read independently so the book can be used to teach a variety of courses, with the clear structure offering students an accessible route into the topic.

Lectures on Fractal Geometry and Dynamical Systems

Author: Ya. B. Pesin,Vaughn Climenhaga

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821848895

Category: Mathematics

Page: 314

View: 7063

Both fractal geometry and dynamical systems have a long history of development and have provided fertile ground for many great mathematicians and much deep and important mathematics. These two areas interact with each other and with the theory of chaos in a fundamental way: many dynamical systems (even some very simple ones) produce fractal sets, which are in turn a source of irregular 'chaotic' motions in the system. This book is an introduction to these two fields, with an emphasis on the relationship between them. The first half of the book introduces some of the key ideas in fractal geometry and dimension theory - Cantor sets, Hausdorff dimension, box dimension - using dynamical notions whenever possible, particularly one-dimensional Markov maps and symbolic dynamics. Various techniques for computing Hausdorff dimension are shown, leading to a discussion of Bernoulli and Markov measures and of the relationship between dimension, entropy, and Lyapunov exponents. In the second half of the book some examples of dynamical systems are considered and various phenomena of chaotic behaviour are discussed, including bifurcations, hyperbolicity, attractors, horseshoes, and intermittent and persistent chaos. These phenomena are naturally revealed in the course of our study of two real models from science - the FitzHugh - Nagumo model and the Lorenz system of differential equations. This book is accessible to undergraduate students and requires only standard knowledge in calculus, linear algebra, and differential equations. Elements of point set topology and measure theory are introduced as needed. This book is a result of the MASS course in analysis at Penn State University in the fall semester of 2008.

Fractal Market Analysis

Applying Chaos Theory to Investment and Economics

Author: Edgar E. Peters

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471585244

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 315

View: 6789

By using fractals and rescaled range plus nonlinear dynamic models, Ed Peters explains turbulent market behavior, offers fresh insights into risk and volatility, and demystifies price and market movements. Whatever your trading and investment goals, FRACTAL MARKET ANALYSIS delivers the realistic economic and mathematical structure you need to enhance your asset valuation and portfolio selection strategies.

The Fractal Geometry of Nature

Author: Benoit B. Mandelbrot

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780716711865

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 468

View: 7036

Three classic fractals, tamed. Galaxies and eddies. Scaling fractals. Nonscaling fractals. Self-mapping fractals. Randomness. Stratified random fractals. Fractional brown fractals. A book-within-the-book, in color. Random tremas; texture. Miscellany. Of men and ideas.

Chaos and Fractals

New Frontiers of Science

Author: Heinz-Otto Peitgen,Hartmut Jürgens,Dietmar Saupe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475747403

Category: Mathematics

Page: 999

View: 7785

For almost ten years chaos and fractals have been enveloping many areas of mathematics and the natural sciences in their power, creativity and expanse. Reaching far beyond the traditional bounds of mathematics and science to the realms of popular culture, they have captured the attention and enthusiasm of a worldwide audience. The fourteen chapters of the book cover the central ideas and concepts, as well as many related topics including, the Mandelbrot Set, Julia Sets, Cellular Automata, L-Systems, Percolation and Strange Attractors, and each closes with the computer code for a central experiment. In the two appendices, Yuval Fisher discusses the details and ideas of fractal image compression, while Carl J.G. Evertsz and Benoit Mandelbrot introduce the foundations and implications of multifractals.

SuperFractals

Author: Michael Fielding Barnsley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521844932

Category: Computers

Page: 453

View: 3314

SuperFractals, first published in 2006, describes mathematics and algorithms for the first time in book form, with breathtaking colour pictures.

A Tale of Two Fractals

Author: A.A. Kirillov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817683828

Category: Mathematics

Page: 138

View: 2530

Since Benoit Mandelbrot's pioneering work in the late 1970s, scores of research articles and books have been published on the topic of fractals. Despite the volume of literature in the field, the general level of theoretical understanding has remained low; most work is aimed either at too mainstream an audience to achieve any depth or at too specialized a community to achieve widespread use. Written by celebrated mathematician and educator A.A. Kirillov, A Tale of Two Fractals is intended to help bridge this gap, providing an original treatment of fractals that is at once accessible to beginners and sufficiently rigorous for serious mathematicians. The work is designed to give young, non-specialist mathematicians a solid foundation in the theory of fractals, and, in the process, to equip them with exposure to a variety of geometric, analytical, and algebraic tools with applications across other areas.

Fractal Trading

Analyzing Financial Markets Using Fractal Geometry and the Golden Ratio

Author: Soul Esprit

Publisher: Ngp

ISBN: 9780984128167

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 128

View: 8171

A focused study that identifies the location of quantitative values within specific time contexts. Projection analysis anticipates future price changes in financial markets and other time-dependent phenomenon according to Fractal Geometric criterion that makes possible forecasting subsequent prices with a high degree of precision.

Fractals

Endlessly Repeated Geometrical Figures

Author: Hendrik Adolf Lauwerier

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691024455

Category: Mathematics

Page: 209

View: 4925

Fractals are shapes in which an identical motif repeats itself on an ever diminishing scale. A coastline, for instance, is a fractal, with each bay or headland having its own smaller bays and headlands--as is a tree with a trunk that separates into two smaller side branches, which in their turn separate into side branches that are smaller still. No longer mathematical curiosities, fractals are now a vital subject of mathematical study, practical application, and popular interest. For readers interested in graphic design, computers, and science and mathematics in general, Hans Lauwerier provides an accessible introduction to fractals that makes only modest use of mathematical techniques. Lauwerier calls this volume a "book to work with." Readers with access to microcomputers can design new figures, as well as re-create famous examples. They can start with the final chapter, try out one of the programs described there (preferably in a compiled version such as TURBO BASIC), and consult the earlier chapters for whatever is needed to understand the fractals produced in this way. The first chapter, which builds on the relationship of binary number systems to the "tree fractal" described above, is the best place to start if one has no computer. There will be much to enjoy on the way, including the beautiful color illustrations.

Thinking in Patterns

Fractals and Related Phenomena in Nature

Author: Miroslav Michal Novak

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812388222

Category: Science

Page: 323

View: 2547

Fractal geometry, together with the broader fields of nonlinear dynamics and complexity, represented a large segment of modern science at the end of the 20th century. Penetration of the resulting new paradigms into practically all academic disciplines has confirmed the fundamental assertion of universal formalism common to a wide range of human endeavors.This book contains an extended article by B B Mandelbrot, reviewing his contribution to fractal geometry and outlining some unsolved problems, with illustrations especially of finance and physics. It covers a range of multidisciplinary topics ? from the biology of aging, through the self-similar shape of plants, image decompression and solar magnetic fields, to sound reflection in the street. The book is a treasure trove for innovative researchers working in fields related to fractal geometry.The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: ? Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings? (ISTP? / ISI Proceedings)? Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings)? CC Proceedings ? Engineering & Physical Sciences

Fractal Speech Processing

Author: Marwan Al-Akaidi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521814584

Category: Computers

Page: 214

View: 2273

Although widely employed in image processing, the use of fractal techniques and the fractal dimension for speech characterisation and recognition is a relatively new concept which is now receiving serious attention. This book represents the fruit of research carried out to develop novel fractal-based techniques for speech and audio signal processing. Much of this work is finding its way into practical commercial applications with Nokia Communications and other key organisations. The book starts with an introduction to speech processing and fractal geometry, setting the scene for the heart of the book where fractal techniques are described in detail with numerous applications and examples, and concluding with a chapter summing up the advantages and potential of these new techniques over conventional processing methods. A valuable reference for researchers, academics and practising engineers working in the field of audio signal processing and communications.