Technologies and Utopias

The Cyberflaneur and the Experience of 'being Online'

Author: Maren Hartmann

Publisher: Verlag Reinhard Fischer

ISBN: 9783889273611

Category: Cyberpunk culture

Page: 297

View: 6520

Die Aufmerksamkeit auf die Rolle des Web als eine ńeue Technologieíst momentan in der Auflösung begriffen. Vor zehn Jahren aber kam das Web mit diversen Utopien im Gepäck. Insbesondere im Vokabular, welches versucht das Neue zu beschreiben, finden sich utopische Elemente. In dieser Studie wurde eine spezifische Untergruppe des Vokabulars untersucht: die Nutzertypen.

"Science, Technology, and Utopias "

Women Artists and Cold War America

Author: Christine Filippone

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351549820

Category: Art

Page: 204

View: 5061

The rise of proxy wars, the Space Race, and cybernetics during the Cold War marked science and technology as vital sites of social and political power. Women artists, historically excluded from these domains, responded critically, while simultaneously redeploying the products of "Technological Society" into works that promoted ideals of progress and alternative concepts of human community. In this innovative book, author Christine Filippone offers the first focused examination of the conceptual use of science and technology by women artists during and just after the women?s movement. She argues that artists Alice Aycock, Agnes Denes, Martha Rosler and Carolee Schneemann used science and technology to mount a critique on Cold War American society as they saw it?conservative and constricting. Motivated by the contemporary American Women?s Movement, these artists transformed science and technology into new modes of artmaking that transgressed modernist, heroic, painterly styles and subverted the traditional economic structures of the gallery, the museum and the dealer. At the same time, the artists also embraced these domains of knowledge and practice as expressions of hope for a better future. Many found inspiration in the scientific theory of open systems, which investigated "problems of wholeness, dynamic interaction and organization", enabling consideration of the porous boundaries between human bodies and their social, political and nonhuman environments. Filippone also establishes that the theory of open systems not only informed feminist art, but also continued to influence women artists? practice of reclamation and ecological art through the twenty-first century.


Die Utopie der Regeln

Author: David Graeber

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608109447

Category: Political Science

Page: 329

View: 7358

David Graeber, der bedeutendste Anthropologe unserer Zeit, entfaltet eine fulminante und längst überfällige Fundamentalkritik der globalen Bürokratie! Er erforscht die Ursprünge unserer Sehnsucht nach Regularien und entlarvt ihre Bedeutung als Mittel zur Ausübung von Gewalt. Wir alle hassen Bürokraten. Wir können es nicht fassen, dass wir einen Großteil unserer Lebenszeit damit verbringen müssen, Formulare auszufüllen. Doch zugleich nährt der Glaube an die Bürokratie unsere Hoffnung auf Effizienz, Transparenz und Gerechtigkeit. Gerade im digitalen Zeitalter wächst die Sehnsucht nach Ordnung und im gleichen Maße nimmt die Macht der Bürokratien über jeden Einzelnen von uns zu. Dabei machen sie unsere Gesellschaften keineswegs transparent und effizient, sondern dienen mittlerweile elitären Gruppeninteressen. Denn Kapitalismus und Bürokratie sind einen verhängnisvollen Pakt eingegangen und könnten die Welt in den Abgrund reißen.


Evolutionary Futurism and the Human Technologies of Utopia

Author: Andrew Pilsch

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 1452954887

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 7110

Transhumanism posits that humanity is on the verge of rapid evolutionary change as a result of emerging technologies and increased global consciousness. However, this insight is dismissed as a naive and controversial reframing of posthumanist thought, having also been vilified as “the most dangerous idea in the world” by Francis Fukuyama. In this book, Andrew Pilsch counters these critiques, arguing instead that transhumanism’s utopian rhetoric actively imagines radical new futures for the species and its habitat. Pilsch situates contemporary transhumanism within the longer history of a rhetorical mode he calls “evolutionary futurism” that unifies diverse texts, philosophies, and theories of science and technology that anticipate a radical explosion in humanity’s cognitive, physical, and cultural potentialities. By conceptualizing transhumanism as a rhetoric, as opposed to an obscure group of fringe figures, he explores the intersection of three major paradigms shaping contemporary Western intellectual life: cybernetics, evolutionary biology, and spiritualism. In analyzing this collision, his work traces the belief in a digital, evolutionary, and collective future through a broad range of texts written by theologians and mystics, biologists and computer scientists, political philosophers and economic thinkers, conceptual artists and Golden Age science fiction writers. Unearthing the long history of evolutionary futurism, Pilsch concludes, allows us to more clearly see the novel contributions that transhumanism offers for escaping our current geopolitical bind by inspiring radical utopian thought.

Technology and Utopia

Proceedings of a Symposium Held on 10-11 August 1982 at the University of Zululand

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Technology

Page: 136

View: 4802

The Technological System

Author: Jacques Ellul

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1532615256

Category: Religion

Page: 378

View: 4318

Some 20 years after writing The Technological Society, Jacques Ellul realized how the totalistic dimensions of our modern technological milieu required an additional treatment of the topic. Writing amidst the rise of books in the 1970s on pollution, over-population, and environmental degradation, Ellul found it necessary, once again, to write about the global presence of technology and its far-reaching effects. The Technological System represents a new stage in Ellul’s research. Previously he studied technological society as such; in this book he approaches the topic from a systems perspective wherein he identifies the characteristics of technological phenomena and technological progress in light of system theory. This leads to an entirely new approach to what constitutes the most important event of our society which has decisive bearing on the future of our world. Ellul’s analysis touches on all aspects of modern life, not just those of a scientific or technological order. In the end, readers are compelled to formulate their own opinions and make their own decisions regarding the way a technique-based value system affects every level of human life.

The Individual and Utopia

A Multidisciplinary Study of Humanity and Perfection

Author: Dr Clint Jones,Mr Cameron Ellis

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472428943

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 6642

Interdisciplinary in scope and bringing together work from around the world, The Individual and Utopia enquires after the nature of the utopian as citizen, demonstrating the inherent value of making the individual central to utopian theorizing and highlighting the methodologies necessary for examining the utopian individual. The various approaches employed reveal what it is to be an individual yoked by the idea of citizenship and challenge the ways that we have traditionally been taught to think of the individual as citizen. As such, it will appeal to scholars with interests in social theory, philosophy, literature, cultural studies, architecture and feminist thought, whose work intersects with political thought, utopian theorizing, or the study of humanity or human nature.


Digital Narrative, Holism, and the Romance of the Real

Author: Richard Coyne

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262531917

Category: Computers

Page: 398

View: 5078

Technoromanticism pits itself against a hard-headed rationalism, but its most potent antagonists are contemporary pragmatism, phenomenology, hermeneutics, surrealism, and deconstruction--all of which subvert the romantic legacy and provoke new narratives of computing. This book explores the spectrum of romantic narrative that pervades the digital age, from McLuhan's utopian vision of social reintegration by electronic communication to claims that cyberspace creates new realities. Technoromanticism pits itself against a hard-headed rationalism, but its most potent antagonists are contemporary pragmatism, phenomenology, hermeneutics, surrealism, and deconstruction--all of which subvert the romantic legacy and provoke new narratives of computing. Thus the book also serves as an introduction to the application of contemporary theory to information technology, raising issues of representation, space, time, interpretation, identity, and the real. As such, it is a companion to Coyne's Designing Information Technology in the Postmodern Age: From Method to Metaphor (MIT Press, 1995).

Konnektivität, Netzwerk und Fluss

Konzepte gegenwärtiger Medien-, Kommunikations- und Kulturtheorie

Author: Andreas Hepp,Friedrich Krotz,Shaun Moores,Carsten Winter

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531900196

Category: Social Science

Page: 211

View: 3342

Das Buch setzt sich mit drei Schlüsselkonzepten der gegenwärtigen Kommunikations-, Medien- und Kulturwissenschaft auseinander, nämlich ‚Konnektivität', ‚Netzwerk' und ‚Fluss'. In verschiedenen Beiträgen einschlägig ausgewiesener Autorinnen und Autoren wird aufgezeigt, dass es diese drei Konzepte sind, die es uns ermöglichen, Prozesse von Medienkommunikation auf eine der heutigen Zeit angemessen Weise zu fassen.

Die Mediatisierung der Alltagswelt

Author: Maren Hartmann,Andreas Hepp

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531920146

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 1157

Der Kern des historischen wie gegenwärtigen Medien- und Kommunikationswandels ist weniger darin zu sehen, dass einzelne Medieninhalte eine ,Wirkung‘ auf Kultur und Gesellschaft haben. Vielmehr ist er darin zu sehen, dass unsere heutige Alltagswelt selbst zunehmend von Medien durchdrungen wird: Wir leben in einer mediatisierten Alltagswelt. Doch was heißt dies konkret? Und wie verändert sich unser Alltag mit seiner fortschreitenden Mediatisierung? Auf diese Fragen geben Beiträge von renommierten Autorinnen und Autoren ausgehend von Friedrich Krotz’ Konzept der Mediatisierung eine Antwort.

The Postmodern Marx

Author: Terrell Carver

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719049194

Category: Communism

Page: 243

View: 5316

Readings of political theorists change within different political contexts. They also change as political theory itself alters its methodology. Marx has an established position in the canon of classical thinkers, and in the body of ideas to which politicians have recourse for ideas and ideologies. Marx has been read as a revolutionary, a scientist, a philosopher, an economist and as other personae.

Hope and the Longing for Utopia

Futures and Illusions in Theology and Narrative

Author: Daniel Boscaljon

Publisher: James Clarke & Co

ISBN: 0227903900

Category: Religion

Page: 260

View: 9460

At present the battle over who defines our future is being waged most publicly by secular and religious fundamentalists. 'Hope and the Longing for Utopia' offers an alternative position, disclosing a conceptual path toward potential worlds that resist a limited view of human potential and the gift of religion. In addition to outlining the value of embracing unknown potentialities, these twelve interdisciplinary essays explore why it has become crucial that we commit to hoping for values that resist traditional ideological commitments. Contextualized by contemporary writing on utopia, and drawing from a wealth of times and cultures ranging from Calvin’s Geneva to early twentieth-century Japanese children’s stories to Hollywood cinema, these essays cumulatively disclose the fundamental importance of resisting tantalizing certainties while considering the importance of the unknown and unknowable. Beginning with a set of four essays outlining the importance of hope and utopia as diagnostic concepts, and following with four concrete examples, the collection ends with a set of essays that provide theological speculations on the need to embrace finitude and limitations in a world increasingly enframed by secularizing impulses. Overall, this book discloses how hope and utopia illuminate ways to think past simplified wishes for the future.

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123743961

Category: Science

Page: 2774

View: 6711

From the Introduction: Nanotechnology and its underpinning sciences are progressing with unprecedented rapidity. With technical advances in a variety of nanoscale fabrication and manipulation technologies, the whole topical area is maturing into a vibrant field that is generating new scientific research and a burgeoning range of commercial applications, with an annual market already at the trillion dollar threshold. The means of fabricating and controlling matter on the nanoscale afford striking and unprecedented opportunities to exploit a variety of exotic phenomena such as quantum, nanophotonic and nanoelectromechanical effects. Moreover, researchers are elucidating new perspectives on the electronic and optical properties of matter because of the way that nanoscale materials bridge the disparate theories describing molecules and bulk matter. Surface phenomena also gain a greatly increased significance; even the well-known link between chemical reactivity and surface-to-volume ratio becomes a major determinant of physical properties, when it operates over nanoscale dimensions. Against this background, this comprehensive work is designed to address the need for a dynamic, authoritative and readily accessible source of information, capturing the full breadth of the subject. Its six volumes, covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including material sciences, chemistry, physics and life sciences, have been written and edited by an outstanding team of international experts. Addressing an extensive, cross-disciplinary audience, each chapter aims to cover key developments in a scholarly, readable and critical style, providing an indispensible first point of entry to the literature for scientists and technologists from interdisciplinary fields. The work focuses on the major classes of nanomaterials in terms of their synthesis, structure and applications, reviewing nanomaterials and their respective technologies in well-structured and comprehensive articles with extensive cross-references. It has been a constant surprise and delight to have found, amongst the rapidly escalating number who work in nanoscience and technology, so many highly esteemed authors willing to contribute. Sharing our anticipation of a major addition to the literature, they have also captured the excitement of the field itself in each carefully crafted chapter. Along with our painstaking and meticulous volume editors, full credit for the success of this enterprise must go to these individuals, together with our thanks for (largely) adhering to the given deadlines. Lastly, we record our sincere thanks and appreciation for the skills and professionalism of the numerous Elsevier staff who have been involved in this project, notably Fiona Geraghty, Megan Palmer and Greg Harris, and especially Donna De Weerd-Wilson who has steered it through from its inception. We have greatly enjoyed working with them all, as we have with each other.

The Nature of Cities

Ecocriticism and Urban Environments

Author: Michael Bennett,David Warfield Teague

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816519491

Category: Nature

Page: 311

View: 9984

Cities are often thought to be separate from nature, but recent trends in ecocriticism demand that we consider them as part of the total environment. This new collection of essays sharpens the focus on the nature of cities by exploring the facets of an urban ecocriticism, by reminding city dwellers of their place in ecosystems, and by emphasizing the importance of this connection in understanding urban life and culture. The editorsÑboth raised in small towns but now living in major urban areasÑare especially concerned with the sociopolitical construction of all environments, both natural and manmade. Following an opening interview with Andrew Ross exploring the general parameters of urban ecocriticism, they present essays that explore urban nature writing, city parks, urban "wilderness," ecofeminism and the city, and urban space. The volume includes contributions on topics as wide-ranging as the urban poetry of English writers from Donne to Gay, the manufactured wildness of a gambling casino, and the marketing of cosmetics to urban women by idealizing Third World "naturalness." These essays seek to reconceive nature and its cultural representations in ways that contribute to understanding the contemporary cityscape. They explore the theoretical issues that arise when one attempts to adopt and adapt an environmental perspective for analyzing urban life. The Nature of Cities offers the ecological component often missing from cultural analyses of the city and the urban perspective often lacking in environmental approaches to contemporary culture. By bridging the historical gap between environmentalism, cultural studies, and urban experience, the book makes a statement of lasting importance to the development of the ecocritical movement. CONTENTS Part 1ÑThe Nature of Cities 1. Urban Ecocriticism: An Introduction, Michael Bennett & David Teague 2. The Social Claim on Urban Ecology, Andrew Ross (interviewed by Michael Bennett) Part 2ÑUrban Nature Writing 3. London Here and Now: Walking, Streets, and Urban Environments in English Poetry from Donne to Gay, Gary Roberts 4. "All Things Natural Are Strange": Audre Lorde, Urban Nature, and Cultural Place, Kathleen R. Wallace 5. Inculcating Wildness: Ecocomposition, Nature Writing, and the Regreening of the American Suburb, Terrell Dixon Part 3ÑCity Parks 6. Writers and Dilettantes: Central Park and the Literary Origins of Antebellum Urban Nature, Adam W. Sweeting 7. Postindustrial Park or Bourgeois Playground? Preservation and Urban Restructuring at Seattle's Gas Works Park, Richard Heyman Part 4ÑUrban "Wilderness" 8. Boyz in the Woods: Urban Wilderness in American Cinema, Andrew Light 9. Central High and the Suburban Landscape: The Ecology of White Flight, David Teague 10. Manufacturing the Ghetto: Anti-urbanism and the Spatialization of Race, Michael Bennett Part 5ÑEcofeminism and the City 11. An Ecofeminist Perspective on the Urban Environment, Catherine Villanueva Gardner 12. "You Make Me Feel Like a Natural Woman": The Political Economy of Contemporary Cosmetics Discourse, Laura L. Sullivan Part 6ÑTheorizing Urban Space 13. Darwin's City, or Life Underground: Evolution, Progress, and the Shapes of Things to Come, Joanne Gottlieb 14. Nature in the Apartment: Humans, Pets, and the Value of Incommensurability, David R. Shumway 15. Cosmology in the Casino: Simulacra of Nature in the Interiorized Wilderness, Michael P. Branch

Domestication Of Media And Technology

Author: Berker, Thomas,Hartmann, Maren,Punie, Yves

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335217680

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 1427

This book provides an overview of a key concept in media and technology studies: domestication. Theories around domestication shed light upon the process in which a technology changes its status from outrageous novelty to an aspect of everyday life which is taken for granted. The contributors collect past, current and future applications of the concept of domestication, critically reflect on its theoretical legacy, and offer comments about further development. The first part of Domestication of Media and Technology provides an overview of the conceptual development and theory of domestication. In the second part of the book, contributors look at a diverse range of empirical studies that use the domestication approach to examine the dynamics between users and technologies. These studies include: Mobile information and communications techologies (ICTs) and the transformation of the relationship between private and the public spheres Home-based internet use: the two-way dynamic between the household and its social environment Disadvantaged women in Europe undertaking introductory internet courses Urban middle-class families in China who embrace ICTs and view them as instruments of upward mobility and symbols of success The book offers valuable insights for both experienced researchers and students looking for an introduction to the concept of domestication. Contributors: Maria Bakardjieva, University of Calgary; Thomas Berker, Norwegian University of Science and Technology; Leslie Haddon, Essex University; Maren Hartmann, University of Erfurt; Deirdre Hynes, Dublin City University; Sun Sun Lim, National University of Singapore; Anna Maria Russo Lemor, University of Colorado at Boulder; David Morley, Goldsmiths College, University of London; Jo Pierson, TNO-STB, Delft, Netherlands; Yves Punie, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) in Seville; Els Rommes, Nijmegen University; Roger Silverstone, London School of Economics and Political Science; Knut H. Sørensen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology; Katie J. Ward, University of Sheffield.

Utopie heute

zur aktuellen Bedeutung, Funktion und Kritik des utopischen Denkens und Vorstellens : 23. und 24. Kolloquium (2005 und 2006) der Schweizerischen Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften

Author: Beat Sitter-Liver

Publisher: W. Kohlhammer Verlag

ISBN: 9783727815980

Category: Europe

Page: 511

View: 1667

New Technologies and Human Rights

Challenges to Regulation

Author: Mr Mario Viola de Azevedo Cunha

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409473708

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 2531

Whilst advances in biotechnology and information technology have undoubtedly resulted in better quality of life for mankind, they can also bring about global problems. The legal response to the challenges caused by the rapid progress of technological change has been slow and the question of how international human rights should be protected and promoted with respect to science and technology remains unexplored. The contributors to this book explore the political discourse and power relations of technological growth and human rights issues between the Global South and the Global North and uncover the different perspectives of both regions. They investigate the conflict between technology and human rights and the perpetuation of inequality and subjection of the South to the North. With emerging economies such as Brazil playing a major role in trade, investment and financial law, the book examines how human rights are affected in Southern countries and identifies significant challenges to reform in the areas of international law and policy.

Utopias, Ecotopias and Green Communities

Exploring the Activism, Settlements and Living Patterns of Green Idealists

Author: Liam Leonard

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780526679

Category: Self-Help

Page: 142

View: 9926

Globalization, Utopia and Postcolonial Science Fiction

New Maps of Hope

Author: E. Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137283572

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 244

View: 3858

This study considers the recent surge of science fiction narratives from the postcolonial Third World as a utopian response to the spatial, political, and representational dilemmas that attend globalization.