The Anthropology of Education Policy

Ethnographic Inquiries into Policy as Sociocultural Process

Author: Angelina E. Castagno,Teresa McCarty

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317312465

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 7865

Advancing a rapidly growing field of social science inquiry—the anthropology of policy—this volume extends and solidifies this body of work, focusing on education policy. Its goal is to examine timely issues in education policy from a critical anthropological, ethnographic, and comparative perspective, and through this to theorize new ways of understanding how policy "does its work." At the center is a commitment to an engaged anthropology of education policy that uses anthropological knowledge to imagine and foster more equitable and just forms of schooling. The authors examine the ways in which education policy processes create, reflect, and contest regimes of knowledge and power, sorting and stratifying people, ideas, and resources in particular ways. In contrast to conventional analyses of policy as text-based, dictated, linear, and rational, an anthropological perspective positions policy at the interface of top-down, bottom-up, and meso-level processes, and as de facto and de jure. Demonstrating how education policy operates as a social, cultural, and deeply ideological process "on the ground," each chapter clearly delineates the implications of these understandings for educational access, opportunity, and equity. Providing a single "go to" source on the disciplinary history, theoretical framework, methodology, and empirical applications of the anthropology of education policy across a range of education topics, policy debates, and settings, the book updates and expands on seminal works in the field, carving out an important niche in anthropological studies of public policy.

A Companion to the Anthropology of Education

Author: Bradley A. Levinson,Mica Pollock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444396706

Category: Social Science

Page: 529

View: 7456

A Companion to the Anthropology of Education presents a comprehensive and state-of-the-art overview of the field, exploring the social and cultural dimension of educational processes in both formal and nonformal settings. Explores theoretical and applied approaches to cultural practice in a diverse range of educational settings around the world, in both formal and non-formal contexts Includes contributions by leading educational anthropologists Integrates work from and on many different national systems of scholarship, including China, the United States, Africa, the Middle East, Colombia, Mexico, India, the United Kingdom, and Denmark Examines the consequences of history, cultural diversity, language policies, governmental mandates, inequality, and literacy for everyday educational processes

The Routledge Handbook of Educational Linguistics

Author: Martha Bigelow,Johanna Ennser-Kananen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317754468

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 484

View: 2105

The Routledge Handbook of Educational Linguistics provides a comprehensive survey of the core and current language-related issues in educational contexts. Bringing together the expertise and voices of well-established as well as emerging scholars from around the world, the handbook offers over thirty authoritative and critical explorations of methodologies and contexts of educational linguistics, issues of instruction and assessment, and teacher education, as well as coverage of key topics such as advocacy, critical pedagogy, and ethics and politics of research in educational linguistics. Each chapter relates to key issues raised in the respective topic, providing additional historical background, critical discussion, reviews of pertinent research methods, and an assessment of what the future might hold. This volume embraces multiple, dynamic perspectives and a range of voices in order to move forward in new and productive directions, making The Routledge Handbook of Educational Linguistics an essential volume for any student and researcher interested in the issues surrounding language and education, particularly in multilingual and multicultural settings.

Ethnography and Language Policy

Author: Teresa L. McCarty

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136860924

Category: Education

Page: 328

View: 5015

Illuminating, through ethnographic inquiry, how individual agents "make" language policy in everyday social practice, this volume advances the growing field of language planning and policy using a critical sociocultural approach. From this perspective, language policy is conceptualized not only as official acts and documents, but as language-regulating modes of human interaction, negotiation, and production mediated by relations of power. Using this conceptual framework, the volume addresses the impacts of globalization, diaspora, and transmigration on language practices and policies; language endangerment, revitalization, and maintenance; medium-of-instruction policies; literacy and biliteracy; language and ethnic/national identity; and the ethical tensions in conducting critical ethnographic language policy research. These issues are contextualized in case studies and reflective commentaries by leading scholars in the field. Ethnography and Language Policy extends previous work in the field, tapping into leading-edge interdisciplinary scholarship, and charting new directions. Recognizing that language policy is not merely or even primarily about language per se, but rather about power relations that structure social-linguistic hierarchies, the authors seek to expand policy discourses in ways that foster social justice for all.

Making Failure Pay

For-Profit Tutoring, High-Stakes Testing, and Public Schools

Author: Jill P. Koyama

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226451755

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 9780

A little-discussed aspect of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) is a mandate that requires failing schools to hire after-school tutoring companies—the largest of which are private, for-profit corporations—and to pay them with federal funds. Making Failure Pay takes a hard look at the implications of this new blurring of the boundaries between government, schools, and commerce in New York City, the country’s largest school district. As Jill P. Koyama explains in this revelatory book, NCLB—a federally legislated, state-regulated, district-administered, and school-applied policy—explicitly legitimizes giving private organizations significant roles in public education. Based on her three years of ethnographic fieldwork, Koyama finds that the results are political, problematic, and highly profitable. Bringing to light these unproven, unregulated private companies’ almost invisible partnership with the government, Making Failure Pay lays bare the unintended consequences of federal efforts to eliminate school failure—not the least of which is more failure.

Language Policies and (Dis)Citizenship

Rights, Access, Pedagogies

Author: Prof. Vaidehi Ramanathan

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1783090219

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 1928

This volume explores the concept of 'citizenship', and argues that it should be understood both as a process of becoming and the ability to participate fully, rather than as a status that can be inherited, acquired, or achieved. From a courtroom in Bulawayo to a nursery in Birmingham, the authors use local contexts to foreground how the vulnerable, particularly those from minority language backgrounds, continue to be excluded, whilst offering a powerful demonstration of the potential for change offered by individual agency, resistance and struggle. In addressing questions such as 'under what local conditions does "dis-citizenship" happen?'; 'what role do language policies and pedagogic practices play?' and 'what kinds of margins and borders keep humans from fully participating'? The chapters in this volume shift the debate away from visas and passports to more uncertain and contested spaces of interpretation.

A Different Kind of Ethnography

Imaginative Practices and Creative Methodologies

Author: Dara Culhane,Denielle Elliott

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442636645

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 7312

Building on the sensory ethnographic trend in contemporary sociocultural anthropology, this collection introduces the idea of a different kind of ethnography: an imaginative and creative approach to anthropological inquiry that is collaborative, open-ended, embodied, affective, and experimental. The authors treat ethnography as a methodology that includes the whole process of ethnography, from being fully present while engaging with the experience to analyzing representing, and communicating the results, with the hope of capturing different kinds of knowledge and experiences The book is structured around various methodologies–sensing, walking, writing, performing, and recording—and includes innovative exercises that allow both seasoned and aspiring ethnographers to develop a practice that can deepen and extend ethnographic inquiry.

Annual Review of Anthropology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 4036

Annual compilation of critical articles from all areas of the discipline of anthropology.

Flexible Staatsbürgerschaften

die kulturelle Logik von Transnationalität

Author: Aihwa Ong

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518416792

Category: Chinese

Page: 414

View: 6245

Annual Editions

Multicultural Education

Author: Fred Schultz

Publisher: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin

ISBN: 9781561342464

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 2257

Enterprise and Small Business

Principles, Practice and Policy

Author: Sara Carter,Dylan Jones-Evans

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780273702672

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 572

View: 5877

This text provides a comprehensive introduction to small businesses, the changing business environment in which they emerge and operate, the nature of entrepreneurship and the practical business of managing a small firm.

Das Jahrhundert des Kindes

Studien

Author: Ellen Key

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3861998181

Category: Fiction

Page: 200

View: 3837

Ellen Key: Das Jahrhundert des Kindes. Studien Barnets århundrade. Erstdruck: Stockholm, Bonnier, 1900. Deutsche Erstausgabe: berlin, S. Fischer Verlag, 1902, übersetzt von Marie Franzos unter dem Pseudonym Francis Maro. Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Hanna Hirsch-Pauli, Ausschnitt aus dem Gemälde »Freunde«, 1900/1907. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

The Native Speaker Concept

Ethnographic Investigations of Native Speaker Effects

Author: Neriko Musha Doerr

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110220954

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

View: 1755

The "native speaker" is often thought of as an ideal language user with "a complete and possibly innate competence in the language" which is perceived as being bounded and fixed to a homogeneous speech community and linked to a nation-state. Despite recent works that challenge its empirical accuracy and theoretical utility, the notion of the "native speaker" is still prevalent today. The Native Speaker Concept shifts the analytical focus from the second language acquisition processes and teaching practices to daily interactions situated in wider sociocultural and political contexts marked by increased global movements of people and multilingual situations. Using an ethnographic approach, the volume critically elucidates the political nature of (not) claiming the "native speaker" status in daily life and the ways the ideology of "native speaker" intersects and articulates, supports, subverts, or complicates various relations of dominance and regimes of standardization. The book offers cases from diverse settings, including classrooms in Japan, a coffee shop in Barcelona, secondary schools in South Africa, a backyard in Rapa Nui (Easter Island), restaurant kitchens, a high school administrator's office, a college classroom in the United States, and the Internet. It also offers a genealogy of the notion of the "native speaker" from the time of the Roman Empire. Employing linguistic, anthropological and educational theories, the volume speaks not only to the analyses of language use and language policy, planning, and teaching, but also to the investigation of wider effects of language ideology on relations of dominance, and institutional and discursive practices.