The Archaeology of Engagement

Conflict and Revolution in the United States

Author: Dana Lee Pertermann,Holly Kathryn Norton

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 1623492947

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 6742

When a historic battlefield site is discovered and studied, the focus is often on the “hardware”: remnants of weaponry, ammunition, supplies, and equipment that archaeologists carefully unearth, analyze, conserve, and frequently place on display in museums. But what about the “software”? What can archaeology teach us about the humans involved in the conflict: their social mores and cultural assumptions; their use and understanding of power? In The Archaeology of Engagement: Conflict and Revolution in the United States, Dana L. Pertermann and Holly K. Norton have assembled a collection of studies that includes sites of conflicts between groups of widely divergent cultures, such as Robert E. Lee's mid-1850s campaign along the Concho River and the battles of the River Raisin during the War of 1812. Notably, the second half of the book applies the editors’ principles of conflict event theory to the San Jacinto Battlefield in Texas, forming a case study of one of America's most storied—and heavily trafficked—battle sites.

The Archaeology of American Cities

Author: Nan A. Rothschild,Diana diZerega Wall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813049724

Category: Social Science

Page: 231

View: 8052

“Unrivaled in scope. An essential work for urban historical archaeologists.”—Adrian Praetzellis, author ofDug to Death “An engaging and astonishingly comprehensive work that reveals just how much our knowledge of America's cities and the lives of city dwellers has been enriched through urban archaeology.”—Mary C. Beaudry, coeditor ofArchaeologies of Mobility and Movement American cities have been built, altered, redeveloped, destroyed, reimagined, and rebuilt for nearly 300 years in order to accommodate growing and shrinking populations and their needs. Urban archaeology is a unique subfield with its own peculiar challenges and approaches to fieldwork. Understanding the social forces that influenced the development of American cities requires more than digging; it calls for the ability to extrapolate from limited data, an awareness of the dynamics that drive urban development, and theories that can build bridges to connect the two. At the forefront of this exciting field of research, Nan Rothschild and Diana Wall are well suited to introduce this fascinating topic to a broad readership. Following a brief introduction, the authors offer specific case studies of work undertaken in New York, Philadelphia, Tucson, West Oakland, and many other cities. Ideal for undergraduates,The Archaeology of American Cities utilizes the material culture of the past to highlight recurring themes that reflect distinctive characteristics of urban life in the United States.

Historical and Archaeological Perspectives on Gender Transformations

From Private to Public

Author: Suzanne M. Spencer-Wood

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461448638

Category: Social Science

Page: 430

View: 4507

In many facets of Western culture, including archaeology, there remains a legacy of perceiving gender divisions as natural, innate, and biological in origin. This belief follows that men are naturally pre-disposed to public, intellectual pursuits, while women are innately designed to care for the home and take care of children. In the interpretation of material culture, accepted notions of gender roles are often applied to new findings: the dichotomy between the domestic sphere of women and the public sphere of men can color interpretations of new materials. In this innovative volume, the contributors focus explicitly on analyzing the materiality of historic changes in the domestic sphere around the world. Combining a global scope with great temporal depth, chapters in the volume explore how gender ideologies, identities, relationships, power dynamics, and practices were materially changed in the past, thus showing how they could be changed in the future.

Archaeology in America: An Encyclopedia [4 volumes]

An Encyclopedia

Author: Linda S. Cordell,Kent Lightfoot,Francis McManamon,George Milner

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313021899

Category: Social Science

Page: 1488

View: 6818

The greatness of America is right under our feet. The American past—the people, battles, industry and homes—can be found not only in libraries and museums, but also in hundreds of archaeological sites that scientists investigate with great care. These sites are not in distant lands, accessible only by research scientists, but nearby—almost every locale possesses a parcel of land worthy of archaeological exploration. Archaeology in America is the first resource that provides students, researchers, and anyone interested in their local history with a survey of the most important archaeological discoveries in North America. Leading scholars, most with an intimate knowledge of the area, have written in-depth essays on over 300 of the most important archaeological sites that explain the importance of the site, the history of the people who left the artifacts, and the nature of the ongoing research. Archaeology in America divides it coverage into 8 regions: the Arctic and Subarctic, the Great Basin and Plateau, the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains, the Midwest, the Northeast, the Southeast, the Southwest, and the West Coast. Each entry provides readers with an accessible overview of the archaeological site as well as books and articles for further research.

The Art of Whitfield Lovell

Whispers from the Walls

Author: Whitfield Lovell,Lucy R. Lippard

Publisher: Pomegranate

ISBN: 9780764924477

Category: Art

Page: 128

View: 8596

A graduate of Cooper Union in New York, Whitfield Lovell has been widely exhibited worldwide. His work is in such museums as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the National Museum of American Art, and the Seattle Art Museum. Inspired by his own background, global travels and research, and large collections of found objects and photographs of African Americans, Lovell creates tableaux and full-scale, site-specific installations, melding two-dimensional charcoal drawings with the three-dimensional objects. His works reveal African American spirituality and recall the memories and the heritage that define who African Americans are.

The Archaeology of Northern Slavery and Freedom

Author: James A. Delle

Publisher: American Experience in Archaeo

ISBN: 9780813056364

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 1205

Although African slavery in the United States is generally associated with the South, the institution also existed in northern states as late as the 1840s, especially in large urban centers, such as Philadelphia and New York. Contrariwise, freed African Americans in the region established rural communities all their own and actively resisted the institution as a whole. The newest volume proposed for inclusion in the American Experience in Archaeological Perspective series, written by one of the leading scholars in the field of African Diaspora archaeology, is a synthetic analysis of recently published work on the subject (although no monograph exists on northern slavery). This volume provides a new perspective on the intricate connection between slavery and freedom in the United States. As Delle argues, scholars cannot understand slavery "in the absence of freedom."

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626155

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 5057

Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.

Global Perspectives on Archaeological Field Schools

Constructions of Knowledge and Experience

Author: Harold Mytum

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461404330

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 4804

Archaeological field schools, notably in North America but also across the world, are seminal student experiences. They are also important vehicles by which research students and academic staff carry out fieldwork research, often away from the environs of their home institution. Field schools are teaching and research projects, but they also take place within a contemporary local context. This is the first ever collection of studies examining the tensions between teaching, research and local socio-cultural conditions, and explores the range of experiences associated with field schools. It will be of interest to all those wishing to attend a field school, whether as student or junior staff member, and for novice and experienced field school directors who can gain fresh insights from others’ experiences.

The Archaeology of Urban Landscapes

Explorations in Slumland

Author: Alan Mayne,Tim Murray

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521779753

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 6759

This exciting collection on a new movement in urban archaeology investigates the historical archaeology of urban slums. The stuff that is dug up--broken dinner plates, nails and plaster samples - will not quickly find its way into museum collections. But, properly interpreted, it yields evidence of lives and communities that have left little in the way of written records. Including twelve case studies, it maps out a new field, which will attract the attention of a range of students and scholars outside archaeology, in particular historical sociologists and historians.

Another's Country

Archaeological and Historical Perspectives on Cultural Interactions in the Southern Colonies

Author: J.W. Joseph

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817311297

Category: History

Page: 282

View: 8925

Leading historical archaeologists offer an engaging look at the rise and fall of cultural diversity in the colonial South and its role in shaping a distinct southern identity.

Historical Archaeology in Georgia

Author: J. W. Joseph,Theresa M. Hamby,Catherine S. Long

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology and history

Page: 260

View: 929

International Handbook of Historical Archaeology

Author: Teresita Majewski,David Gaimster

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387720715

Category: Social Science

Page: 698

View: 9985

In studying the past, archaeologists have focused on the material remains of our ancestors. Prehistorians generally have only artifacts to study and rely on the diverse material record for their understanding of past societies and their behavior. Those involved in studying historically documented cultures not only have extensive material remains but also contemporary texts, images, and a range of investigative technologies to enable them to build a broader and more reflexive picture of how past societies, communities, and individuals operated and behaved. Increasingly, historical archaeology refers not to a particular period, place, or a method, but rather an approach that interrogates the tensions between artifacts and texts irrespective of context. In short, historical archaeology provides direct evidence for how humans have shaped the world we live in today. Historical archaeology is a branch of global archaeology that has grown in the last 40 years from its North American base into an increasingly global community of archaeologists each studying their area of the world in a historical context. Where historical archaeology started as part of the study of the post-Columbian societies of the United States and Canada, it has now expanded to interface with the post-medieval archaeologies of Europe and the diverse post-imperial experiences of Africa, Latin America, and Australasia. The 36 essays in the International Handbook of Historical Archaeology have been specially commissioned from the leading researchers in their fields, creating a wide-ranging digest of the increasingly global field of historical archaeology. The volume is divided into two sections, the first reviewing the key themes, issues, and approaches of historical archaeology today, and the second containing a series of case studies charting the development and current state of historical archaeological practice around the world. This key reference work captures the energy and diversity of this global discipline today.

Power and Landscape in Atlantic West Africa

Archaeological Perspectives

Author: J. Cameron Monroe,Akinwumi Ogundiran

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107009391

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 8651

"This volume applies insights drawn from the theories and methods of landscape archaeology to contribute to our understanding of the nature if West African societies in the Atlantic Era (17th-19th Centuries AD). The authors adopt a briad set of methods and approaches to tackle how the nature and structures of African political and social relations changed across regions in this period. This is only the second volume in a decade to focus on the archeology of this period in West Africa, and the first volume in sub-Saharan Africanist archeology to be focused in the recent past in oue sub-region of the continent from a coherent methodological and theoretical standpoint"--Provided by publisher.

Metaarchaeology

Reflections by Archaeologists and Philosophers

Author: Lester Embree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401118264

Category: Philosophy

Page: 343

View: 679

An idea of the philosophy of archaeology can best be gained by showing what it is, what the issues are, who is working in the field, and how they proceed. Reading Lester Embree's Metaarchaeology provides the best possible introduction to the field, since in it several leading archaeologists show how accessible and interesting the current archeological literature is, and currently active philosophers of archaeology reveal something of the current state of discussion on the subject. Bibliographies have also been developed of the philosophy of archaeology as well as of selected parts of the component that can be called metaarchaeology. Finally, an historical introduction has been included to show the variety of metascientific as well as orientational standpoints that philosophers of archaeology have had recourse to for over two decades, followed by speculation about the future of the discipline within the philosophy of science.

Engendering African American Archaeology

A Southern Perspective

Author: Jillian E. Galle

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9781572332775

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 7161

"Taken together, these essays represent a departure in historical archaeology, an important foray into the study of the construction of gender within various African American communities that is based in the archaeological record. Those interested in historical archaeology, history, women's studies, and African American studies will find this a valuable addition to the literature. Topics range from gendered residential and consumption patterns in colonial Virginia and the construction of identity in Middle Tennessee to midwifery practices in postbellum Louisiana. Contributors to this volume include Melanie Cabak, Marie Danforth, Garrett Fesler, Jillian Galle, Barbara Heath, Larry McKee, Patricia Samford, Elizabeth Scott, Brian Thomas, Larissa Thomas, Laura Wilkie, Kristin Wilson, and Amy Young."--BOOK JACKET.

The Archaeology of North American Farmsteads

Author: Mark D. Groover

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813032634

Category: History

Page: 150

View: 8895

From the early colonial period to the close of World War II, life in North America was predominantly agrarian and rural. Archaeological exploration of farmsteads unveils a surprising quantity of data about rural life, consumption patterns, and migrations across the continent. Mark Groover offers both case studies and an overview of current trends in farmstead archaeology in this exciting new work. He also proposes a research design and makes numerous suggestions for evaluating (and re-evaluating) the significance of farmsteads as an archaeological resource. His chronological survey of farmstead sites throughout numerous regions of North America provides fascinating insights to students, cultural resource management professionals, or general readers interested in learning more about what material culture remains can teach us about the American past. Farmstead archaeology is a rapidly expanding component of historical archaeology. This book offers important lessons and information as more sites become victims of ever-accelerating development and urbanization.

The Archaeology of Alcohol and Drinking

Author: Frederick Harold Smith

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813032900

Category: Cooking

Page: 195

View: 536

From the Publisher: Through its complex history, alcohol has served many cultural functions, often constructive ones. For centuries it has been used as a valuable economic commodity, a medicinal tool, a focus of social gatherings, and a mechanism for psychological escape.