A History of the Mind

Evolution and the Birth of Consciousness

Author: Nicholas Humphrey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387987194

Category: Medical

Page: 238

View: 6471

In this lively and engaging book, the distinguished psychologist Nicholas Humphrey takes the reader on an exhilarating journey spanning millions of years -- in the search for clues to how human consciousness evolved. In A History of the Mind Humphrey proposes a radical new solution to the so-called "hard problem" that has baffled generations of philosophers and scientists -- how does the water of the brain yield the wine of conscious experience? Raw sensations are central to all conscious states, he argues, and he shows ingeniously how our physical and emotional self-awareness may have developed out of our primitive ancestors' bodily responses of pain and pleasure.

The Birth of the Mind

How a Tiny Number of Genes Creates the Complexities of Human Thought

Author: Gary F. Marcus

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780465044061

Category: Psychology

Page: 278

View: 7852

A psychologist offers a detailed study of the genetic underpinnings of human thought, looking at the small number of genes that contain the instructions for building the vastly complex human brain to determine how these genes work, common misconceptions about genes, and their implications for the future of genetic engineering. Reprint. 20,000 first printing.

Mind Games

American Culture and the Birth of Psychotherapy

Author: Eric Caplan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520229037

Category: History

Page: 255

View: 7520

Traces the causal paths linking culture, the profession, and knowledge in the formation of the uses and study of psychotherapy in America at the end of the 19th century.

Mind and Hand

The Birth of MIT

Author: Julius Adams Stratton,Loretta H. Mannix

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262195249

Category: Education

Page: 781

View: 711

The intellectual heritage of MIT: an account of "the flow of ideas" about science and education that shaped the Institute as it emerged and that inspires it today. The motto on the seal of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, "Mens et Manus"--"mind and hand"--signals the Institute's dedication to what MIT founder William Barton Rogers called "the most earnest cooperation of intelligent culture with industrial pursuits." Mind and Hand traces the ideas about science and education that have shaped MIT and defined its mission--from the new science of the Enlightenment era and the ideals of representative democracy spurred by the Industrial Revolution to new theories on the nature and role of higher education in nineteenth-century America. MIT emerged in mid-century as an experiment in scientific and technical education, with its origins in the tension between these old and new ideas. Mind and Hand was undertaken by Julius Stratton after his retirement from the presidency of MIT and continued by Loretta Mannix after his death; Philip N. Alexander, of the MIT Program in Writing and Humanistic Studies, stepped in to complete the project. The combined efforts of these three authors have given us what Julius Stratton envisioned--"a coherent account of the flow of ideas" from which MIT emerged.

The Birth of the Modern Mind

Self, Consciousness, and the Invention of the Sonnet

Author: Paul Oppenheimer

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195056922

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 206

View: 2478

This revolutionary study presents new facts and an original theory on the origin of the thought and literature that may be considered "modern." Oppenheimer argues that modern thought and literature were born with the invention of the sonnet in 13th-century Italy.

The Birth of God in You

Author: Dr. Joseph Murphy

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1465329021

Category: Self-Help

Page: 217

View: 4545

BOOKS BY DR. JOSEPH MURPHY The Amazing Laws of Cosmic Mind Power The Cosmic Energizer: Miracle Power of the Universe The Cosmic Power Within You Great Bible Truths for Human Problems The Healing Power of Love How to Attract Money How to Pray with a Deck of Cards How to Use the Power of Prayer How to Use Your Healing Power Infinite Power for Richer Living Living Without Strain Love is Freedom Magic of Faith Mental Poisons and Their Antidotes The Miracle of Mind Dynamics Miracle Power for Infinite Riches Peace Within Yourself The Power Of Your Subconscious Mind Pray Your Way Through It Prayer is the Answer Psychic Perception: The Meaning of Extrasensory Power Quiet Moments with God Secrets of the I Ching Songs of God Special Meditations for Health, Wealth, Love, and Expression Stay Young Forever Supreme Mastery of Fear Telepsychics: The Magic Power of Perfect Living Why Did This Happen to Me? Within You is the Power Write Your Name in the Book of Life Your Infinite Power to be Rich

The Quest for Conscience and the Birth of the Mind

Author: Annie Reiner

Publisher: Karnac Books

ISBN: 178049369X

Category: Psychology

Page: 188

View: 3351

This book offers a new perspective on conscience as an as yet unrealized human potential, but a potential toward which human beings are naturally driven. A distinction is made between a "mature" or "healthy" conscience - a "conscience capable of maturation" - and the classical notion of the superego; it also postulates that the two may represent two separate lines of development. Conscience is seen to be inseparable from consciousness; the development of a mature conscience is seen to have its foundation in the development of a true or authentic self, while the classical notion of the superego is viewed as an often pathological manifestation of this natural mental potential.Theological ideas are relevant to any discussion of morality, conscience and guilt. Freud's and Bion's perspectives on religion are closely examined, revealing fundamental differences in their views of the mind. The author incorporates the metaphysical perspective central to Bion's concept of "O" as fundamental to an understanding of the development of a healthy conscience. Detailed clinical examples clearly illustrate obstacles to the development, both of conscience and of an authentic self. These are examined with reference to early emotional trauma, including the failure of mental containment by the primary object, ideas which have their foundation in Fairbairn's theories about the infant's "moral dilemma".

The Birth of Intersubjectivity: Psychodynamics, Neurobiology, and the Self

Author: Massimo Ammaniti,Vittorio Gallese

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393709566

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 4596

Neurobiological research helps explain the experience of motherhood. This book, the exciting collaboration of a developmental psychoanalyst at the forefront of functional magnetic resonance attachment research and a leading neurobiological researcher on mirror neurons, presents a fresh and innovative look at intersubjectivity from a neurobiological and developmental perspective. Grounding their analysis of intersubjectivity in the newest advances from developmental neuroscience, modern attachment theory, and relational psychoanalysis, Massimo Ammaniti and Vittorio Gallese illustrate how brain development changes simultaneously with relationally induced alterations in the subjectivities of both mother and infant. Ammaniti and Gallese combine extensive current interdisciplinary research with in-depth clinical interviews that highlight the expectant mother’s changing subjective states and the various typologies of maternal representations. Building on Gallese’s seminal work with mirror neurons and embodied simulation theory, the authors construct a model of intersubjectivity that stresses not symbolic representations but intercorporeality from a second-person perspective. Charting the prenatal and perinatal events that serve as the neurobiological foundation for postnatal reciprocal affective communications, they conclude with direct clinical applications of early assessments and interventions, including interventions with pregnant mothers. This volume is essential for clinicians specializing in attachment disorders and relational trauma, child psychotherapists, infant mental health workers, pediatricians, psychoanalysts, and developmental researchers. It combines fascinating new information and illustrative clinical experience to illustrate the early intersubjective origins of our own and our patients’ internal worlds.

The Birth of New Criticism

Conflict and Conciliation in the Early Work of William Empson, I.A. Richards, Robert Graves, and Laura Riding

Author: Donald J. Childs

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773589244

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 384

View: 8889

Amid competing claims about who first developed the theories and practices that became known as New Criticism - the critical method that rose alongside Modernism - literary historians have generally given the lion's share of credit to William Empson and I.A. Richards. In The Birth of New Criticism Donald Childs challenges this consensus and provides a new and authoritative narrative of the movement's origins. At the centre stand Robert Graves and Laura Riding, two poet-critics who have been written out of the history of New Criticism. Childs brings to light the long-forgotten early criticism of Graves to detail the ways in which his interpretive methods and ideas evolved into the practice of "close reading," demonstrating that Graves played such a fundamental part in forming both Empson's and Richards's critical thinking that the story of twentieth-century literary criticism must be re-evaluated and re-told. Childs also examines the important influence that Riding's work had on Graves, Empson, and Richards, establishing the importance of this long-neglected thinker and critic. A provocative and cogently argued work, The Birth of New Criticism is both an important intellectual history of the movement and a sharply observed account of the cultural politics of its beginnings and legacy.

The Birth of the Museum

History, Theory, Politics

Author: Tony Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136115242

Category: Art

Page: 288

View: 7421

In a series of richly detailed case studies from Britian, Australia and North America, Tony Bennett investigates how nineteenth- and twentieth-century museums, fairs and exhibitions have organized their collections, and their visitors. Discussing the historical development of museums alongside that of the fair and the international exhibition, Bennett sheds new light upon the relationship between modern forms of official and popular culture. Using Foucaltian perspectives The Birth of the Museum explores how the public museum should be understood not just as a place of instruction, but as a reformatory of manners in which a wide range of regulated social routines and performances take place. This invigorating study enriches and challenges the understanding of the museum, and places it at the centre of modern relations between culture and government. For students of museum, cultural and sociology studies, this will be an asset to their reading list.

Cognitive Science

A Developmental Approach to the Simulation of the Mind

Author: Bruno G. Bara

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780863773624

Category: Psychology

Page: 371

View: 5534

The objectives of this book are essentially threefold. Firstly, the book describes the birth of cognitive science. Secondly, it outlines the method of enquiry which characterizes cognitive science and through which it is defined. The method employed is constructivistic, and is carried out by means of the techniques of artificial intelligence, relying on the assumption that mental activity is inprinciple reproducible by a computer program. Thirdly, the book describes the state of the art in the relevant domains, with particular attention to application fields like pedagogics, human/machine interaction and psychotherapy. The developmental approach is emphasized, and each chapter highlights the fact that developmental aspects are essential to comprehend the steady mode of functioning that is achieved once a person has reached total maturity. The technical sections of the book are introduced without presuming that the reader has a greater understanding of the subject than that of a high school student. This means that the book is suitable both for experts for its methodological `arts, and also for novices as a coherent critical introduction to the field.

Heredity, Race, and the Birth of the Modern

Author: Sara Eigen Figal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135891613

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 4205

This book places under sustained scrutiny some of our most basic modern assumptions about inheritance, genealogy, blood relations, and racial categories. It has at its core a deceptively simple question, one too often taken for granted: what constitutes "good" bonds among humans, and what compels us to determine them so across generations as both a physical and a metaphysical attribute? Answering this question is complex and involves a foray into a seemingly disparate array of early modern sources: from adages, common law, and literature about bloodlines and bastardy to philosophical, political, and scientific discourses that both confirm and confound the "common sense" of familial, communal, national, and racial identity.

Das lebendige Theorem

Author: Cédric Villani

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104025665

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 1525

Im Kopf eines Genies – der Bericht von einem mathematischen Abenteuer und der Roman eines sehr erfolgreichen Forschers Cédric Villani gilt als Kandidat für die begehrte Fields-Medaille, eine Art Nobelpreis für Mathematiker. Sie wird aber nur alle vier Jahre vergeben, und man muss unter 40 sein. Er hat also nur eine Chance. Unmöglich! Unmöglich? Fieberhaft macht er sich an die Arbeit. Jetzt erzählt er seine Geschichte, und ihm gelingt das Unglaubliche: Wir werden direkte Zeugen der Denkprozesse eines Mathematikers, und das, ohne die dazugehörigen Formeln verstehen zu müssen. Ein Buch, so einzigartig wie sein Autor.

The Mind of Christ

Author: E. June Roper

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1477102264

Category: Religion

Page: 261

View: 3632

1 Corinthians 2:16. But we have the mind of Christ. Everything we do, everything we say, everything about us should reflect Christ in us. Acquiring the Mind of Christ begins when we accept Him as our personal Saviorwhen we seek to increase our knowledge of Him and when we become doers of His Word. We live in an ungodly world and evil will try with all its might to infiltrate our minds. Laws of the flesh war with laws of the mind! But we have help in Jesus the Christ. Be encouraged as you read this book, that even though we are tempted and tried, we are determined to have the Mind of Christ.

The Birth of Chinese Feminism

Essential Texts in Transnational Theory

Author: Lydia H. Liu,Rebecca E. Karl,Dorothy Ko

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231533268

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1489

He-Yin Zhen (ca. 1884-1920?) was a theorist who figured centrally in the birth of Chinese feminism. Unlike her contemporaries, she was concerned less with China's fate as a nation and more with the relationship among patriarchy, imperialism, capitalism, and gender subjugation as global historical problems. This volume, the first translation and study of He-Yin's work in English, critically reconstructs early twentieth-century Chinese feminist thought in a transnational context by juxtaposing He-Yin Zhen's writing against works by two better-known male interlocutors of her time. The editors begin with a detailed analysis of He-Yin Zhen's life and thought. They then present annotated translations of six of her major essays, as well as two foundational tracts by her male contemporaries, Jin Tianhe (1874-1947) and Liang Qichao (1873–1929), to which He-Yin's work responds and with which it engages. Jin, a poet and educator, and Liang, a philosopher and journalist, understood feminism as a paternalistic cause that liberals like themselves should defend. He-Yin presents an alternative conception that draws upon anarchism and other radical trends. Ahead of her time, He-Yin Zhen complicates conventional accounts of feminism and China's history, offering original perspectives on sex, gender, labor, and power that remain relevant today.

The Birth of Conservative Judaism

Solomon Schechter's Disciples and the Creation of an American Religious Movement

Author: Michael R. Cohen

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526776

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 8749

Solomon Schechter (1847–1915), the charismatic leader of New York's Jewish Theological Seminary (JTS), came to America in 1902 intent on revitalizing traditional Judaism. While he advocated a return to traditional practices, Schechter articulated no clear position on divisive issues, instead preferring to focus on similarities that could unite American Jewry under a broad message. Michael R. Cohen demonstrates how Schechter, unable to implement his vision on his own, turned to his disciples, rabbinical students and alumni of JTS, to shape his movement. By midcentury, Conservative Judaism had become the largest American Jewish grouping in the United States, guided by Schechter's disciples and their continuing efforts to embrace diversity while eschewing divisive debates. Yet Conservative Judaism's fluid boundaries also proved problematic for the movement, frustrating many rabbis who wanted a single platform to define their beliefs. Cohen demonstrates how a legacy of tension between diversity and boundaries now lies at the heart of Conservative Judaism's modern struggle for relevance. His analysis explicates four key claims: that Conservative Judaism's clergy, not its laity or Seminary, created and shaped the movement; that diversity was—and still is—a crucial component of the success and failure of new American religions; that the Conservative movement's contemporary struggle for self-definition is tied to its origins; and that the porous boundaries between Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform Judaism reflect the complexity of the American Jewish landscape—a fact that Schechter and his disciples keenly understood. Rectifying misconceptions in previous accounts of Conservative Judaism's emergence, Cohen's study enables a fresh encounter with a unique religious phenomenon.

Das Zeichen der Venus

Author: Sarah Dunant

Publisher: Bastei Lübbe (BLT)

ISBN: 9783404922123

Category: Fiction

Page: 510

View: 7303

Florenz 1582. Als die Nonnen von Santa Vitella Schwester Lukrezia für ihre Beerdigung herrichten, machen sie eine verstörende Entdeckung: Eine tätowierte Schlange ringelt sich über den Leib der Toten ? der Kopf des Reptils zeigt das Gesicht eines jungen Mannes ...