The Bit and the Pendulum

From Quantum Computing to M Theory--The New Physics of Information

Author: Tom Siegfried

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 281

View: 8197

"Funny, clear, deep, and right on target, Tom Siegfried?s The Bit and the Pendulum is a friendly guide to a profound revolution now taking place on the forefront of science. From the horizons of black holes to the inner recesses of the human brain, bits are us and everything else too. Taking a lighthearted approach to weighty ideas, Siegfried takes us into the tangled web of quantum teleportation, curled up extra dimensions of space and time, and the wetware of computational cells. He lets us get a handle on ideas that are essential for understanding the evolving world." —K. C. Cole, author of The Universe and the Teacup Is all life made up of yes-no, heads-tails decisions? Is the computer, with its binary 0?1 "bits" of information, our best model yet for describing the universe? Acclaimed science writer Tom Siegfried offers a fascinating introduction to the hot new physics of information. The Bit and the Pendulum takes us on a thrilling journey from quantum teleportation, to DNA computing, to the insides of black holes and other cosmological puzzles. Siegfried interviews top scientists biologists working with the mathematics of DNA, quantum physicists studying quantum cryptography, and neuroscientists mapping the mysterious workings of the brain all using the mysteries of information science to solve the seemingly unsolvable. Lively, engaging, and topical, The Bit and the Pendulum shows how the computer and the "bit" are revealing secrets of the brain, the nature of matter, and the workings of the universe.

Strange Matters

Undiscovered Ideas at the Frontiers of Space and Time

Author: Tom Siegfried

Publisher: Joseph Henry Press

ISBN: 0309500583

Category: Science

Page: 299

View: 7817

Scientists studying the universe find strange things in two places—out in space and in their heads. This is the story of how the most imaginative physicists of our time perceive strange features of the universe in advance of the actual discoveries. It is almost a given that physics and cosmology present us with some of the grandest mysteries of all. What weightier questions to ponder than, "How does the universe work?" or "What is the universe made of?" There are any number of bizarre phenomena that could provide clues or even answers to these queries. The strangeness ranges from unusual forms of matter and realms of existence to wild ideas about how time and space are related to one another. Many of these proposals may well turn out to be wrong. But how many will be proven to be right? This book speaks for the scientific theorists who are bold enough to imagine and predict the impossible. New ideas are percolating in their heads every day. One physicist may dream of subatomic particles that could resolve a variety of cosmological conundrums while another may study the likes of "funny energy," which may explain how rapidly the universe is expanding. This is the stuff of Strange Matters. In broad terms, this book is about a variety of discoveries that theorists of the past imagined before the observers and experimenters actually saw them. Moreover, it is about the things that today’s are now imagining—but haven't yet been discovered or confirmed by the observers. Strange Matters artfully mixes the present with the past and future, reporting from the frontiers of research where history is in the process of being made. Each chapter examines a different step along the twisted path we've walked to gain our rudimentary understanding of the universe, incorporating historical examples of successful "prediscoveries" with current stories that relate brand new ideas. We come to see the universe not only in terms of what has already been discovered, but also in terms of what has yet to be observed. Strange Matters is a guide to the discoveries of the twenty-first century, a series of visions dreamt by the most imaginative scientists of our time merged with the achievements of the past—to point the way towards even greater accomplishments of the future.

The Invisible Matrix

The Evolution of Altruism, Culture, Human Behavior & the Memory Network

Author: Andrew Jennings

Publisher: Asha John

ISBN: 1411693779

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 9366

Why did we evolve to be altruistic? Why did we evolve to value a society of equals? How did we become capable of culture? For the first time promising clues to these puzzles are emerging from an unexpected field -- computer science. Delicate living systems and bulky computers, according to a growing body of research, are both information systems engaged in the storage, transmission, and processing of information. This shared characteristic of life systems and our information technology devices gives us an opportunity to study human evolution using concepts from computer science. Such analysis points to the existence of an important 'invisible' adaptation in human beings. This 'invisible' adaptation is the reason we evolved to be cultural beings, who are altruistic, who value equality, and our aging elders. www.altruism-evolution.com

No Free Lunch

Why Specified Complexity Cannot Be Purchased Without Intelligence

Author: William A. Dembski

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742558106

Category: Religion

Page: 404

View: 8568

Darwin's greatest accomplishment was to show how life might be explained as the result of natural selection. But does Darwin's theory mean that life was unintended? William A. Dembski argues that it does not. As the leading proponent of intelligent design, Dembski reveals a designer capable of originating the complexity and specificity found throughout the cosmos. Scientists and theologians alike will find this book of interest as it brings the question of creation firmly into the realm of scientific debate. The paperback is updated with a new Preface by the author.

Spin State

Author: Chris Moriarty

Publisher: Spectra

ISBN: 0553898264

Category: Fiction

Page: 496

View: 8934

From a stunning new voice in hard science fiction comes the thrilling story of one woman’s quest to wrest truth from chaos, love from violence, and reality from illusion in a post-human universe of emergent AIs, genetic constructs, and illegal wetware... SPIN STATE UN Peacekeeper Major Catherine Li has made thirty-seven faster-than-light jumps in her lifetime—and has probably forgotten more than most people remember. But that’s what backup hard drives are for. And Li should know; she’s been hacking her memory for fifteen years in order to pass as human. But no memory upgrade can prepare Li for what she finds on Compson’s World: a mining colony she once called home and to which she is sent after a botched raid puts her on the bad side of the powers that be. A dead physicist who just happens to be her cloned twin. A missing dataset that could change the interstellar balance of power and turn a cold war hot. And a mining “accident” that is starting to look more and more like murder... Suddenly Li is chasing a killer in an alien world miles underground where everyone has a secret. And one wrong turn in streamspace, one misstep in the dark alleys of blackmarket tech and interstellar espionage, one risky hookup with an AI could literally blow her mind. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Quantum Physics

An Anthology of Current Thought

Author: Fannie Huang

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781404204065

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 214

View: 1058

An introduction of the field of quantum physics and articles on quantum teleportation, quantum gravity, and quantum computing.

A Beautiful Math:

John Nash, Game Theory, and the Modern Quest for a Code of Nature

Author: Tom Siegfried

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309101921

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 7845

Millions have seen the movie and thousands have read the book but few have fully appreciated the mathematics developed by John Nash's beautiful mind. Today Nash's beautiful math has become a universal language for research in the social sciences and has infiltrated the realms of evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and even quantum physics. John Nash won the 1994 Nobel Prize in economics for pioneering research published in the 1950s on a new branch of mathematics known as game theory. At the time of Nash's early work, game theory was briefly popular among some mathematicians and Cold War analysts. But it remained obscure until the 1970s when evolutionary biologists began applying it to their work. In the 1980s economists began to embrace game theory. Since then it has found an ever expanding repertoire of applications among a wide range of scientific disciplines. Today neuroscientists peer into game players' brains, anthropologists play games with people from primitive cultures, biologists use games to explain the evolution of human language, and mathematicians exploit games to better understand social networks. A common thread connecting much of this research is its relevance to the ancient quest for a science of human social behavior, or a Code of Nature, in the spirit of the fictional science of psychohistory described in the famous Foundation novels by the late Isaac Asimov. In A Beautiful Math, acclaimed science writer Tom Siegfried describes how game theory links the life sciences, social sciences, and physical sciences in a way that may bring Asimov's dream closer to reality.

Decoding the Universe

How the New Science of Information Is Explaining Everythingin the Cosmos, fromOu r Brains to Black Holes

Author: Charles Seife

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101201274

Category: Computers

Page: 304

View: 8171

The author of Zero explains the scientific revolution that is transforming the way we understand our world Previously the domain of philosophers and linguists, information theory has now moved beyond the province of code breakers to become the crucial science of our time. In Decoding the Universe, Charles Seife draws on his gift for making cutting-edge science accessible to explain how this new tool is deciphering everything from the purpose of our DNA to the parallel universes of our Byzantine cosmos. The result is an exhilarating adventure that deftly combines cryptology, physics, biology, and mathematics to cast light on the new understanding of the laws that govern life and the universe.

Computing with Quantum Cats

From Colossus to Qubits

Author: John Gribbin

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0552779318

Category: Computers

Page: 295

View: 4884

Pioneering study of the science behind quantum computing and what the new quantum reality will mean for mankind. The quantum computer is no longer the stuff of science fiction. Pioneering physicists are on the brink of unlocking a new quantum universe which provides a better representation of reality than our everyday experiences and common sense ever could. The birth of quantum computers -- which, like Schrodinger's famous 'dead and alive' cat, rely on entities like electrons, photons or atoms existing in two states at the same time -- is set to turn the computing world on its head. In his fascinating study of this cutting-edge technology, John Gribbin updates his previous views on the nature of quantum reality, arguing for a universe of many parallel worlds where 'everything is real'. Looking back to Alan Turing's work on the Enigma machine and the first electronic computer, Gribbin explains how quantum theory developed to make quantum computers work in practice as well as in principle. He takes us beyond the arena of theoretical physics to explore their practical applications -- from machines which learn through 'intuition' and trial and error to unhackable laptops and smartphones. And he investigates the potential for this extraordinary science to create a world where communication occurs faster than light and teleportation is possible."

Leadership and the New Science

Discovering Order in a Chaotic World

Author: Margaret J. Wheatley

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com

ISBN: 145877760X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 386

View: 9358

A bestseller--more than 300,000 copies sold, translated into seventeen languages, and featured in the Los Angeles Times, Washington Post, Miami Herald, Harvard Business Review, Fast Company, and Fortune; Shows how discoveries in quantum physics, biology, and chaos theory enable us to deal successfully with change and uncertainty in our organizations and our lives; Includes a new chapter on how the new sciences can help us understand and cope with some of the major social challenges of our times We live in a time of chaos, rich in potential for new possibilities. A new world is being born. We need new ideas, new ways of seeing, and new relationships to help us now. New science--the new discoveries in biology, chaos theory, and quantum physics that are changing our understanding of how the world works--offers this guidance. It describes a world where chaos is natural, where order exists ''for free.'' It displays the intricate webs of cooperation that connect us. It assures us that life seeks order, but uses messes to get there. Leadership and the New Science is the bestselling, most acclaimed, and most influential guide to applying the new science to organizations and management. In it, Wheatley describes how the new science radically alters our understanding of the world, and how it can teach us to live and work well together in these chaotic times. It will teach you how to move with greater certainty and easier grace into the new forms of organizations and communities that are taking shape.

Decoding the Universe

How the New Science of Information is Explaining Everything in the Cosmos, from Our Brains to Black Holes

Author: Charles Seife

Publisher: Viking Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 2026

Introduces information theory, explaining how theorists believe that information is a fundamental element of the physical world and can offer insights into physics, the nature of space and time, and the creation of the universe.

Gabriel's Story

A Novel

Author: David Anthony Durham

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 0307425983

Category: Fiction

Page: 304

View: 3563

When Gabriel Lynch moves with his mother and brother from a brownstone in Baltimore to a dirt-floor hovel on a homestead in Kansas, he is not pleased. He does not dislike his new stepfather, a former slave, but he has no desire to submit to a life of drudgery and toil on the untamed prairie. So he joins up with a motley crew headed for Texas only to be sucked into an ever-westward wandering replete with a mindless violence he can neither abet nor avoid–a terrifying trek he penitently fears may never allow for a safe return. David Anthony Durham is a genuine talent bent on devastating originality and Gabriel’s Story is as formidable a debut as we have witnessed. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Unfolding the Labyrinth: Open Problems in Physics, Mathematics, Astrophysics, and other areas of science

Open Problems in Physics, Mathematics, Astrophysics, and Other Areas of Science,

Author: Florentin Smarandache,V. Christianto

Publisher: Infinite Study

ISBN: 1599730138

Category: Mathematical physics

Page: 139

View: 3109

Throughout this book, we discuss some open problems in various branches of science, including mathematics, theoretical physics, astrophysics, geophysics etc. It is of our hope that some of the problems discussed in this book will find their place either in theoretical exploration or further experiments, while some parts of these problems may be found useful for scholarly stimulation.The present book is also intended for young physics and mathematics fellows who will perhaps find the unsolved problems described here are at least worth pondering. If this book provides only a few highlights of plausible solutions, it is merely to keep the fun of readers in discovering the answers by themselves. Bon voyage!

An Introduction to Quantum Computing

Author: Phillip Kaye,Raymond Laflamme,Michele Mosca

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198570007

Category: Computers

Page: 274

View: 556

The authors provide an introduction to quantum computing. Aimed at advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in these disciplines, this text is illustrated with diagrams and exercises.

The Tell-Tale Start

Author: Gordon McAlpine

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101621338

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 208

View: 3587

Meet Edgar and Allan Poe -- twelve-year-old identical twins, the great-great-great-great-grandnephews of Edgar Allan Poe. They look and act so much alike that they're almost one mischievous, prank-playing boy in two bodies. When their beloved black cat, Roderick Usher, is kidnapped and transported to the Midwest, Edgar and Allan convince their guardians that it's time for a road trip. Along the way, mayhem and mystery ensue, as well as deeper questions: What is the boys' telepathic connection? Is Edgar Allan Poe himself reaching out to them from the Great Beyond? And why has a mad scientist been spying on the Poe family for years? With a mix of literary humor, mystery, a little quantum physics, and fun extras like fortune cookie messages, letters in code, license plate clues -- and playful illustrations thoughout -- this series opener is a perfect choice for smart, funny tweens who love the Time Warp Trio, Roald Dahl, and Lemony Snicket.

Biocentrism

How Life and Consciousness Are the Keys to Understanding the True Nature of the Universe

Author: Robert Lanza,Bob Berman

Publisher: BenBella Books

ISBN: 1935251740

Category: Science

Page: 213

View: 1793

Building on quantum physics, Biocentrism turns the planet upside down with the revolutionary view that life creates the universe rather than the other way around. The central claim of Biocentrism is that what is referred to as space and time are forms of animal perception rather than external physical objects. Lanza and Berman take readers on a fascinating journey through a foreign universe - our own - that will alter their perception of reality for ever.

Information Theory

Author: Robert B. Ash

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486141454

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 5175

DIVAnalysis of channel models and proof of coding theorems; study of specific coding systems; and study of statistical properties of information sources. Sixty problems, with solutions. Advanced undergraduate to graduate level. /div

Beyond Biocentrism

Rethinking Time, Space, Consciousness, and the Illusion of Death

Author: Robert Lanza

Publisher: BenBella Books, Inc.

ISBN: 194295221X

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 8215

From Order to Chaos II

Essays: Critical, Chaotic and Otherwise

Author: Leo P Kadanoff

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814496286

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 4299

This book is a compilation of the review papers, expositions and some of the technical works of Leo Kadanoff, a theoretical physicist. The objective is to put together a group of not-too-technical writing in which he discusses some issues in condensed matter physics, hydrodynamics, applied mathematics and national policy. This expanded edition is divided into five sections. The first section contains review papers on hydrodynamics, condensed matter physics and field theory. Next is a selection of papers on scaling and universality, particularly as applied to phase changes. A change of pace is provided by a series of papers on the critical analysis of simulation models of urban economic and social development. The book concludes with a series of recent papers on complex patterns. Each major section has an introduction designed to tie the work together and to provide perspective on the subject matter. Contents:Fundamental Issues in Hydrodynamics, Condensed Matter and Field TheoryScaling and Phase TransitionsSimulations, Urban Studies, and Social SystemsTurbulence and ChaosComplex Patterns Readership: Condensed matter physicists, applied mathematicians and computer scientists. Keywords:Order;Chaos;Critical;Statistical Mechanics;Phase Transition;Scaling;Universality;Dynamics;Turbulence;RenormalizationReviews: “World Scientific has made available a collection of Leo's reviews, essays columns and commentaries which is a feast in several senses: the strategy and tactics of science, the science itself, the history of several important developments in science, and as a bonus a beautifully illustrated collection of essays on computational science. The average reader may find this, the final section of the book, most interesting, but for me the account of his discovery of scaling, for which, inexplicably, he did not receive the Nobel prize, is most intriguing. Leo's combination of verve, frankness and insight makes this a very good read.” P W Anderson Princeton Univ. “Publication of this volume will be very useful, especially for young readers. The papers disseminated over many journals acquire a new quality by being collected together. Readers not only can see a result in its final form, but also can trace its evolution.” J Fluid Mechanics “It remains fascinating and often inspirational material, for the author has helped found fields and illuminate areas wherever he worked.” Mathematical Reviews

The Butterfly in the Quantum World

The story of the most fascinating quantum fractal

Author: Indubala I Satija

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1681741172

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 8491

Butterfly in the Quantum World by Indu Satija, with contributions by Douglas Hofstadter, is the first book ever to tell the story of the "Hofstadter butterfly", a beautiful and fascinating graph lying at the heart of the quantum theory of matter. The butterfly came out of a simple-sounding question: What happens if you immerse a crystal in a magnetic field? What energies can the electrons take on? From 1930 onwards, physicists struggled to answer this question, until 1974, when graduate student Douglas Hofstadter discovered that the answer was a graph consisting of nothing but copies of itself nested down infinitely many times. This wild mathematical object caught the physics world totally by surprise, and it continues to mesmerize physicists and mathematicians today. The butterfly plot is intimately related to many other important phenomena in number theory and physics, including Apollonian gaskets, the Foucault pendulum, quasicrystals, the quantum Hall effect, and many more. Its story reflects the magic, the mystery, and the simplicity of the laws of nature, and Indu Satija, in a wonderfully personal style, relates this story, enriching it with a vast number of lively historical anecdotes, many photographs, beautiful visual images, and even poems, making her book a great feast, for the eyes, for the mind and for the soul.