The English Rural Landscape

Author: Joan Thirsk

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: History

Page: 352

View: 2330

From pre-history to the present day our landscape has been transformed by dramatic human disturbance, triggered by the rise and fall of populations and their need to be fed, housed, and employed. These changes have built-up layers of evidence which today present historians with exciting new insights about land use and rural communities of the past. In this groundbreaking new study Joan Thirsk and her team of distinguished contributors, many of whom live in the very landscape they so intimately describe, invite us to explore the historical richness of the English landscape. Each chapter synthesizes the very latest thinking and provides fresh perspectives on its specific subject. The first ten chapters in turn describe the characteristic features of the main regional landscape types, including fenlands, downlands, woodlands, marshlands, and moorlands, showing that, however physically scattered they may be, they have been moulded by successive generations to produce many uniting similarities.

The English Rural Community

Image and Analysis

Author: Brian Short

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521405676

Category: History

Page: 239

View: 8026

This book examines the English rural community, past and present, in its variety and dynamism. The distinguished team of contributors brings a variety of disciplinary perspectives to bear upon the central issues of movement and migration; the farm family and rural labour force; the development of contrasting rural communities; the portrayal of rural labour in both 'high' and popular culture; the changing nature of religious practice in the English countryside; the rural/urban fringe, and the spread of notions of a rural English arcadia within a predominantly urban society. Fully illustrated with accompanying maps, paintings and photographs, The English Rural Community provides an important and innovative overview of a subject where history, myth and debate are inseparably entwined. A full bibliography will assist a broad range of general readers and students of social history, historical geography and development studies approaching the subject for the first time, and the whole should establish itself as the central analytical account in an area where image and reality are notoriously hard to unravel.

The English Countryside

Representations, Identities, Mutations

Author: David Haigron

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319532731

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 9800

This collection of essays examines representations of the English countryside and its mutations, and what they reveal about a nation’s, communities’ or individuals’ search for identity – and fear of losing it. Based on a pluridisciplinary approach and a variety of media, this book challenges the view that the English countryside is an apolitical space characterised by permanence and lack of conflict. It analyses how the pastoral motif is actually subverted to explore liminal spaces and temporalities. The authors deconstruct the “rural idyll” myth to show how it plays a distinctive and yet ambiguous part in defining Englishness/Britishness. A must read for both scholars and students interested in British rural and cultural history, media and literature.

Rural England

An Illustrated History of the Landscape

Author: Joan Thirsk

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198606192

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 2108

From prehistory to the present day, our landscape has been transformed by successive periods of human activity, triggered by the rise and fall of populations and their need to be fed, housed, and employed. These changes have built up layers of evidence which offer historians exciting insights into land use through the centuries and how rural communities of the past lived their lives. In this ground-breaking study - published in hardback as The English Rural Landscape and now available in paperback - Joan Thirsk and her team of distinguished contributors, many of whom live in the places they describe, invite us to explore the historical richness of the English landscape. Each chapter synthesizes the latest thinking and provides fresh perspectives on its subject. It is the first book since W. G. Hoskins' definitive study The Making of the English Landscape, published nearly 50 years ago, to do so. The first ten chapters describe the characteristic features of the main landscape types, including fenland, downland, woodland, marshland, and moorland. However geographically scattered areas of a particular landscape type are, they have often been moulded by successive generations in ways that have produced strong physical similarities. The second part of the book is made up of five cameo features, each exploring an individual place in detail: the people and the distinctive histories that shaped them. These include the Land Settlement experimental village of FenDrayton, set up during the Great Depression in the 1930s, and surveys of the very different settlements of Hook Norton in North Oxfordshire and Staintondale in North Yorkshire. Rural England: A History of the Landscape shows us how much of the rural past is still visible if we choose to dig for it. It illustrates how we might go about exploring it for ourselves. It is the definitive work on the history of the English landscape for all would-be landscape and local history detectives, professional and amateur alike.

The English Landscape in the Twentieth Century

Author: Trevor Rowley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781852853884

Category: History

Page: 472

View: 7675

Trevor Rowley's new study is a highly topical account of the changes that have taken place and that continue to take place on the country around us.

Custom and Commercialisation in English Rural Society

Revisiting Tawney and Postan

Author: J. Bowen,A. Brown

Publisher: Univ of Hertfordshire Press

ISBN: 1909291633

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 5212

English rural society underwent fundamental changes between the thirteenth and eighteenth centuries with urbanization, commercialization and industrialization producing new challenges and opportunities for inhabitants of rural communities. However, our understanding of this period has been shaped by the compartmentalization of history into medieval and early-modern specialisms and by the debates surrounding the transition from feudalism to capitalism and landlord-tenant relations. Inspired by the classic works of Tawney and Postan, this collection of essays examines their relevance to historians today, distinguishing between their contrasting approaches to the pre-industrial economy and exploring the development of agriculture and rural industry; changes in land and property rights; and competition over resources in the English countryside.

Transforming English Rural Society

The Verneys and the Claydons, 1600–1820

Author: John Broad

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139451888

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 5633

Between 1540 and 1920 the English elite transformed the countryside and landscape by building up landed estates which were concentrated around their country houses. John Broad's study of the Verney family of Middle Claydon in Buckinghamshire demonstrates two sides of that process. Charting the family's rise to wealth impelled by a strong dynastic imperative, Broad shows how the Verneys sought out heiress marriages to expand wealth and income. In parallel, he shows how the family managed its estates to maximize income and transformed three local village communities, creating a pattern of 'open' and 'closed' villages familiar to nineteenth-century commentators. Based on the formidable Verney family archive with its abundant correspondence, this book also examines the world of poor relief, farming families as well as strategies for estate expansion and social enhancement. It will appeal to anyone interested in the English countryside as a dynamic force in social and economic history.

English Rural Life

Village Activities, Organizations and Institutions

Author: H. E. Bracey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136257187

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 6827

First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Medieval Villages in an English Landscape

Beginnings and Ends

Author: Richard Jones,Mark Page

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 270

View: 2701

The village one of the keystones of the English rural landscape - has a powerful hold on the imagination. The origin of nucleated and dispersed settlements - the countryside of villages and the countryside of hamlets has consequently become a central concern of landscape historians. Between AD 500 and 1700, a series of revolutions transformed the structure of the South West Peninsulas rural landscape. The book tells the story of these changes, and also explores how people experienced the landscape in which they lived: how they came to imbue places with symbolic and cultural meaning. Contributors include: Ralph Fyfe on the pollen evidence of landscape change; Sam Turner on the Christian landscape; Peter Herring on both strip fields and Brown Willy, Bodmin Moor; Oliver Creighton and J. P. Freeman on castles; Phil Newman on tin working; Lucy Franklin on folklore and imagined landscapes.

Modernity and the English Rural Novel

Author: Dominic Head

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108158323

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

View: 6389

This book examines the persistence of the rural tradition in the English novel into the twentieth century. In the shadow of metropolitan literary culture, rural writing can seem to strive for a fantasy version of England with no compelling social or historical relevance. Dominic Head argues that the apparent disconnection is, in itself, a response to modernity rather than a refusal to engage with it, and that the important writers in this tradition have had a significant bearing on the trajectory of English cultural life through the twentieth century. At the heart of the discussion is the English rural regional novel of the 1920s and 1930s, which reveals significant points of overlap with mainstream literary culture and the legacies of modernism. Rural writers refashioned the conventions of the tradition and the effects of literary nostalgia, to produce the swansong of a fading genre with resonances that are still relevant today.

Idleness, Indolence and Leisure in English Literature

Author: M. Fludernik,M. Nandi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137404000

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 309

View: 1605

Idleness, Indolence and Leisure in English Literature is the first study to provide transhistorical perspectives and cutting-edge critical analyses of debates concerning idleness in English literature. The topicality of the subject is emphasized by two pieces of sociological analysis.

The English Countryside Between the Wars

Regeneration Or Decline?

Author: Paul Brassley,Jeremy Burchardt,Lynne Thompson

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 9781843832645

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 8399

A revisionist look at the true state of rural England between the two world wars.

Kenneth Grahame's The Wind in the Willows

A Children's Classic at 100

Author: Jackie C. Horne,Donna R. White

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810872592

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 302

View: 3460

In Kenneth Grahame's The Wind in the Willows: A Children's Classic at 100, editors Jackie C. Horne and Donna R. White have assembled a collection of essays that look at the book in terms of class, gender and nationality, as well as its construction of heteronormative masculinity, the very English novel's appeal to Chinese readers, and the meaning of a text in which animals can be human-like, pets, servants, and even food.

Seeking Sustainability in an Age of Complexity

Author: Graham Harris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521695329

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 366

View: 1110

Seeking Sustainability in an Age of Complexity explains the difficulties of sustainability and why 'collapse' can occur. In the last twenty years the theory of complexity has been developed - complex systems science (CSS) speaks to natural systems and particularly to ecological, social and economic systems and their interaction. Due to the growing concern over the huge changes occurring in the global environment, such as climate change, deforestation, habitat fragmentation and loss of biodiversity, Graham Harris sets out what has been learned in an attempt to understand the implications of these changes and suggests ways to move forward. This book discusses a number of emerging tools for the management of 'unruly' complexity which facilitate stronger regional dialogues about knowledge and values, which will be of interest to ecologists, sociologists, economists, natural resource managers and scientists in State and local governments and those involved in water and landscape management.

Elite Women and the Agricultural Landscape, 1700–1830

Author: Briony McDonagh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317145119

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 8657

Social and economic histories of the long eighteenth century have largely ignored women as a class of landowners and improvers. 1700 to 1830 was a period in which the landscape of large swathes of the English Midlands was reshaped – both materially and imaginatively – by parliamentary enclosure and a bundle of other new practices. Outside the Midlands too, local landscapes were remodelled in line with the improving ideals of the era. Yet while we know a great deal about the men who pushed forward schemes for enclosure and sponsored agricultural improvement, far less is known about the role played by female landowners and farmers and their contributions to landscape change. Drawing on examples from across Georgian England, Elite Women and the Agricultural Landscape, 1700–1830 offers a detailed study of elite women’s relationships with landed property, specifically as they were mediated through the lens of their estate management and improvement. This highly original book provides an explicitly feminist historical geography of the eighteenth-century English rural landscape. It addresses important questions about propertied women’s role in English rural communities and in Georgian society more generally, whilst contributing to wider cultural debates about women’s place in the environmental, social and economic history of Britain. It will be of interest to those working in Historical and Cultural Geography, Social, Economic and Cultural History, Women’s Studies, Gender Studies and Landscape Studies.

Landscape, Liberty and Authority

Poetry, Criticism and Politics from Thomson to Wordsworth

Author: Tim Fulford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052102742X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 7398

Eighteenth-century landscape description formed part of a larger debate over the nature of liberty and authority which was vital to a Britain newly defining its nationhood in a period of growing imperial power and rapid economic change. Tim Fulford examines landscape description in the writings of Thomson, Cowper, Johnson, Gilpin, Repton, Wordsworth, Coleridge and others, revealing tensions that arose as writers struggled for authority over the public sphere and sought to redefine the nature of that authority. In his investigation of poetry and political and aesthetic writing, Dr Fulford throws light on the legacy of Commonwealth and Country-party ideas of liberty. Also discussed are the significance of the Miltonic sublime, the politics of the picturesque and the post-colonial encounter of the Scottish tour. Dr Fulford goes on to show how the early radicalism and later conservatism of Wordsworth and Coleridge were shaped, in part, by eighteenth-century literary political and literary authorities. His study offers an understanding of literary and political influence that cuts across conventional periodization, finding new links between the early eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Town and Countryside in Western Berkshire, C.1327-c.1600

Social and Economic Change

Author: Margaret Yates

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 184383328X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 338

View: 2828

A fresh examination of how society and economy changed at the end of the middle ages, comparing urban and rural experience.

Progress in Rural Geography (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Michael Pacione

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134598459

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 1629

This wide-ranging volume, first published in 1983, reflects the increasing scope of the field of rural geography in the second half of the twentieth century. Although traditional areas of study such as agriculture and the land-use patterns of the countryside remained important, scholars also began to consider rural transport, employment, housing and policy, as well as to develop new theories and methodologies for application to study. The chapters included here addressed the need for a review of the changes that had taken place within the field of rural geography, and as such provide an essential background to students with an interest in rural demography, planning and agriculture.