The Far Right in Europe

An Encyclopedia

Author: Peter Davies,Paul Jackson

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781846450037

Category: History

Page: 461

View: 9674

An encyclopedic survey of the vigorous far-right tradition in Europe, focusing on the myriad groupings of today, but also tracing their historical roots, and debating the key issues and themes.

Encyclopedia of Blacks in European History and Culture [2 volumes]

Author: Eric Martone

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313344493

Category: History

Page: 712

View: 3267

Blacks have played a significant part in European civilization since ancient times. This encyclopedia illuminates blacks in European history, literature, and popular culture. It emphasizes the considerable scope of black influence in, and contributions to, European culture. The first blacks arrived in Europe as slaves and later as laborers and soldiers, and black immigrants today along with others are transforming Europe into multicultural states. This indispensable set expands our knowledge of blacks in Western civilization. More than 350 essay entries introduce students and other readers to the white European response to blacks in their countries, the black experiences and impact there, and the major interactions between Europe and Africa, the Caribbean, and the United States that resulted in the settling of blacks in Europe. The range of information presented is impressive, with entries on noted European political, literary, and cultural figures of black descent from ancient times to the present, major literary works that had a substantial impact on European perceptions of blacks, black holidays and festivals, the struggle for civil equality for blacks, the role and influence of blacks in contemporary European popular culture, black immigration to Europe, black European identity, and much more. Offered as well are entries on organizations that contributed to the development of black political and social rights in Europe, representations of blacks in European art and cultural symbols, and European intellectual and scientific theories on blacks. Individual entries on Britain, Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, Russia, Central Europe, Scandinavia, and Eastern Europe include historical overviews of the presence and contributions of blacks and discussion of country's role in the African slave trade and abolition and its colonies in Africa and the Caribbean. Suggestions for further reading accompany each entry. A chronology, resource guide, and photos complement the text.

Europe Since 1945

An Encyclopedia

Author: Bernard A. Cook

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135179395

Category: History

Page: 1508

View: 5195

Europe Since 1945: An Encyclopedia is a comprehensive reference work of some 1,700 entries in two volumes. Its scope includes all of Europe and the successor states to the former Soviet Union. The volumes provide a broad coverage of topics, with an emphasis on politics, governments, organizations, people, and events crucial to an understanding of postwar Europe. Also includes 100 maps and photos.

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge

Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135963150

Category: Reference

Page: 2050

View: 3039

For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

The European Union Encyclopedia and Directory 1999

Author: N.A

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781857430561

Category: Reference

Page: 520

View: 8673

An A-Z section of concise definitions and explanations of organization s, acronyms and terms, plus short articles on the member states. A se ries of introductory articles providing a broader view of the policies and activities of the EU. Statistical data for the entire EU on trad e, employment and industrial production. An extensive directory of ke y names, addresses, phone and fax numbers, e-mail and internet address es for all major European Union institutions and official bodies. Det ails of MEPs, their political groups and national parties, members of major committees, Directorates-General and other commission bodies.

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

Author: Richard T. Schaefer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412926947

Category: Social Science

Page: 1622

View: 8876

This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture

Author: Douglas Q. Adams

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781884964985

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 829

View: 7615

Covers the major Indo-European langauge stocks and their origins, and the conceptual range of the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language. The text also offers entries on selected archaeological cultures with some relationship to the origin and dispersal of Indo-European groups, and on some of the major issues of Indo-European cultural studies.

Ethnic Groups of Europe: An Encyclopedia

An Encyclopedia

Author: Jeffrey E. Cole

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598843036

Category: Social Science

Page: 442

View: 1838

This comprehensive survey of ethnic groups of Europe reveals the dynamic process of ethnic identity and the relationship of ethnic groups to modern states. • Includes an introduction describing the concept and practice of ethnicity in Europe, past and present • Contains contributions from 80 distinguished international scholars, including some of the foremost experts on particular groups

Encyclopedia of White Power

A Sourcebook on the Radical Racist Right

Author: Jeffrey Kaplan

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742503403

Category: Political Science

Page: 585

View: 2310

The American Nazi Party. Skinheads. The Aryan Nations. Black Metal. The Ku Klux Klan. Christian Identity. These and other white power groups are sensationalized in the press, policed by private watchdog groups, infiltrated by the government, universally demonized and feared. But who are the white power movement's members and sympathizers? What are their beliefs and their motivations? How do they operate and communicate in a society so antagonistic to their goals? What kind of threat do they pose? Letting the radical racist right speak for themselves, Jeffrey Kaplan has created an indispensable reference volume. The Encyclopedia of White Power presents the movement's many facets in the U.S. and Europe since World War II. The first half of the Encyclopedia is made up of over 100 in-depth entries -- many of them essay-length -- and includes several entries by former and current movement activists. Entries by scholars and activists are written, as far as possible, in a value-free manner in order topresent the movement without distortion. The second half brings together original resources from the movement, each prefaced and placed in context by the editor. These documents, often available nowhere else, are invaluable for researchers. An introduction places the volume in context of larger scholarly issues and includes the editor's own reflections on researching the movement. Cross-references and an index make the information easily accessible. For scholars of race, religion, or politics, the Encyclopedia of White Power is an essential resource.

Human Rights in International Relations

Author: David P. Forsythe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107015677

Category: Law

Page: 355

View: 9119

Third edition of Forsythe's successful textbook provides an overview of human rights in an age of upheaval in international politics.

Encyclopedia of Gay Histories and Cultures

Author: George Haggerty

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113558513X

Category: Reference

Page: 986

View: 7055

First Published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning

Author: Michael Byram,Adelheid Hu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136235531

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 856

View: 3083

The Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning is an authoritative reference dealing with all aspects of this increasingly important field of study. Offering a comprehensive range of articles on contemporary language teaching and its history, it has been produced specifically for language teaching professionals and as a reference work for academic studies at postgraduate level. In this new edition, every single entry has been reviewed and updated with reference to new developments and publications. Coverage has been expanded to reflect new technological, global and academic developments, with particular attention to areas such as online and distance learning, teacher and learner cognition, testing, assessment and evaluation, global English and teacher education. Themes and disciplines covered include: Methods and materials, including new technologies and materials development Contexts and concepts, such as mediation, risk-taking in language learning and intercomprehension Influential figures from the early days of language teaching to the contemporary Related disciplines, such as psychology, anthropology and corpus linguistics? It covers the teaching of specific languages, including Japanese, Chinese, Arabic and African languages, as well as English, French, German and Spanish. There are thirty five overview articles dealing with issues such as communicative language teaching, early language learning, teacher education and syllabus and curriculum design. A further 160 entries focus on topics such as bilingualism, language laboratories and study abroad. Numerous shorter items examine language and cultural institutions, professional associations and acronyms. Multiple cross-references enable the user to browse from one entry to another, and there are suggestions for further reading. Written by an international team of specialists, the Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning is an invaluable resource and reference manual for anyone with a professional or academic interest in the subject.

Encyclopedia of United States National Security

Author: Richard J. Samuels

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452265356

Category: Political Science

Page: 1008

View: 2310

With over 750 entries, the Encyclopedia of United States National Security is the first single, concise reference source to provide accurate and informative answers to the many challenging questions of how, why, when, and where national security has evolved. In addition to presenting historical facts and analyses, this two-volume encyclopedia is designed to provide a comprehensive introduction to some of the more complicated and abstract questions concerning world politics and national security. A thoroughly interdisciplinary work, this encyclopedia views national security from historical, economic, political, and technological perspectives.

Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought

Author: Paul Barry Clarke,Joe Foweraker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136908633

Category: Political Science

Page: 768

View: 7817

Containing almost 200 entries from 'accountability' to the 'Westminster model' the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought explores all the ideas that matter to democracy past, present and future. It is destined to become the first port-of-call for all students, teachers and researchers of political science interested in democratic ideas, democratic practice, and the quality of democratic governance. The Encyclopedia provides extensive coverage of all the key concepts of democratic thought written by a stellar team of distinguished international contributors. The Encyclopedia draws on every tradition of democratic thought, as well as developing new thinking, in order to provide full coverage of the key democratic concepts and engage with their practical implications for the conduct of democratic politics in the world today. In this way, it brings every kind of democratic thinking to bear on the challenges facing contemporary democracies and on the possibilities of the democratic future. The Encyclopedia is global in scope and responds in detail to the democratic revolution of recent decades. Referring both to the established democratic states of Western Europe, North America and Australasia, and to the recent democracies of Latin America, Eastern and Central Europe, Africa and Asia, classical democratic concerns are related to new democracies, and to important changes in the older democracies. Supplemented by full bibliographical information, extensive cross-referencing and suggestions for further reading, the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought is a unique work of reference combining the expertise of many of the world's leading political scientists, political sociologists and political philosophers. It will be welcomed as an essential resource for both teaching and for independent study, and as a solid starting point both for further research and wider exploration.

Workers in America: A Historical Encyclopedia [2 volumes]

Author: Robert E. Weir

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598847198

Category: History

Page: 920

View: 3346

This encyclopedia traces the evolution of American workers and labor organizations from pre-Revolutionary America through the present day. • Suggested reading for each entry, including both print and online resources • A chronology of important labor highlights • 350 entries covering key topics

Encyclopedia of Diversity and Social Justice

Author: Sherwood Thompson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442216069

Category: Education

Page: 816

View: 5515

This encyclopedia contains over 300 entries alphabetically arranged for straightforward use by scholars and general readers alike. Thompson, assisted by a network of contributors and consultants, provides a comprehensive and systematic collection of designated entries that describe, in detail, important diversity and social justice themes.

Encyclopedia of Government and Politics

Author: John Paynter,M. E. Hawkesworth,Maurice Kogan,Tim Howell,Richard Orton,Peter Seymour,Peter Le Huray

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415072243

Category: Music

Page: 1208

View: 6384

This international Encyclopaedia provides a balanced, comprehensive account of contemporary trends in world, regional and nation-state government and politics. In 84 in-depth essays, in two scholarly volumes, it captures the global changes, both theoretical and factual, of the past three decades - to give an unprecedented overview of political science and political affairs on the eve of the new century. An essential resource, the Encyclopaedia of Government and Politics provides accessible, authoritative coverage of the disciplines, examining for example, political theory, processes and behaviour, policy-making, pressure groups, contemporary ideologies, international relations, and major issues in world affairs, such as nationalism, arms control and disarmament, human rights and democratisation. Written by experts in each field, the entries analyse traditional approaches (including access to non-Western sources), assess recent developments and chart the directions for future research; each topic includes extensive bibliographies and suggestions for further reading. The volumes are introduced and placed in context in an essay by Mary Hawkesworth, which advances the conceptual treatment of political science to a new level. The articles which follow are thematically arranged under nine main headings: Political Theory: Central Concepts, Contemporary Ideologies, Contemporary Political Systems, Political Institutions, Political Forces and Political Processes, Centripetal and Centrifugal Forces in the Nation-State, Policy-Making and Policies, International Relations, and Major Issues in Contemporary Politics. Key Features * 84 in-depth essays provide a current, balanced guide to international government and politics * Prestigious editors lead a worldwide team of specialists in each field * Clearly and incisively written to meet the needs of students, lecturers and practitioners at all levels * Helpful bibliographies - of new and classic material and suggestions for further reading * Extensive index of Topics and People

Ökonomische Theorie der Demokratie

Author: Anthony Downs

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783165290523

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 303

View: 6657

English summary: It was Anthony Downs' objective to create a model dealing with voter and government behavior. In order to do so, he established goals which governments, parties and lobbyists as well as the voters can pursue. To motivate all those concerned, he introduced the self-interest axiom and called for rationality in order to attain these goals. With the help of marginal analysis, each voter determines his/her party differential, which will help to determine each voter's choice at the ballot box and to decide which party's rule will give him/her greater utility in the future. Downs describes how crucial the concept of ideology is to his theory. He maintains that a two-party democracy could not provide stable and effective government unless there is a large measure of ideological consensus amongst its citizens, and that political parties encouraged voters to be irrational by remaining vague and ambiguous. German description: Anthony Downs' inzwischen klassisches Demokratie-Modell des Wahler- und Regierungsverhaltens orientiert sich an der okonomischen Theorie. Er nimmt an, dass politische Parteien und Wahler in der Verfolgung bestimmter, deutlich spezifizierter Ziele optimal handeln. So treffen die Wahler unter Ungewissheit uber den Wahlvorgang und die zukunftige Regierungsbildung ihre Wahl nach dem mutmasslichen Nutzen. Die Regierung versucht, mit Hilfe der Manipulation des Budgets ihre Wiederwahl zu erreichen.Ideologien der Parteien auf der einen Seite, Interessengruppen auf der anderen stellen den Wahlern bzw. der Regierung Informationen zur rationalen Entscheidungsfindung zur Verfugung. Dabei wird deutlich, dass Mehrparteiensysteme und Verhaltniswahlrecht jedes Wahl-Kalkul unlosbar werden lassen. Auf die weiteren Folgerungen fur Demokratie-Forschung und -Verstandnis geht Downs im letzten Teil seines Werkes ausfuhrlich ein.