The Finite Element Method for Elliptic Problems

Author: Philippe G. Ciarlet

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898715148

Category: Mathematics

Page: 530

View: 1596

This is the only book available that fully analyzes the mathematical foundations of the finite element method. Not only is it valuable reference and introduction to current research, it is also a working textbook for graduate courses in numerical analysis, including useful figures and exercises of varying difficulty.

The Finite Element Method for Elliptic Problems

Author: Philippe G. Ciarlet

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9780898719208

Category: Mathematics

Page: 530

View: 1616

The Finite Element Method for Elliptic Problems is the only book available that analyzes in depth the mathematical foundations of the finite element method. It is a valuable reference and introduction to current research on the numerical analysis of the finite element method, as well as a working textbook for graduate courses in numerical analysis. It includes many useful figures, and there are many exercises of varying difficulty. Although nearly 25 years have passed since this book was first published, the majority of its content remains up-to-date. Chapters 1 through 6, which cover the basic error estimates for elliptic problems, are still the best available sources for material on this topic. The material covered in Chapters 7 and 8, however, has undergone considerable progress in terms of new applications of the finite element method; therefore, the author provides, in the Preface to the Classics Edition, a bibliography of recent texts that complement the classic material in these chapters. Audience: this book is particularly useful to graduate students, researchers, and engineers using finite element methods. The reader should have knowledge of analysis and functional analysis, particularly Hilbert spaces, Sobolev spaces, and differential calculus in normed vector spaces. Other than these basics, the book is mathematically self-contained.

The Finite Element Method for Elliptic Problems

Author: P.G. Ciarlet

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080875255

Category: Mathematics

Page: 529

View: 3469

The objective of this book is to analyze within reasonable limits (it is not a treatise) the basic mathematical aspects of the finite element method. The book should also serve as an introduction to current research on this subject. On the one hand, it is also intended to be a working textbook for advanced courses in Numerical Analysis, as typically taught in graduate courses in American and French universities. For example, it is the author’s experience that a one-semester course (on a three-hour per week basis) can be taught from Chapters 1, 2 and 3 (with the exception of Section 3.3), while another one-semester course can be taught from Chapters 4 and 6. On the other hand, it is hoped that this book will prove to be useful for researchers interested in advanced aspects of the numerical analysis of the finite element method. In this respect, Section 3.3, Chapters 5, 7 and 8, and the sections on “Additional Bibliography and Comments should provide many suggestions for conducting seminars.

Numerical Models for Differential Problems

Author: Alfio Quarteroni

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9788847010710

Category: Mathematics

Page: 601

View: 9039

In this text, we introduce the basic concepts for the numerical modelling of partial differential equations. We consider the classical elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic linear equations, but also the diffusion, transport, and Navier-Stokes equations, as well as equations representing conservation laws, saddle-point problems and optimal control problems. Furthermore, we provide numerous physical examples which underline such equations. In particular, we discuss the algorithmic and computer implementation aspects and provide a number of easy-to-use programs. The text does not require any previous advanced mathematical knowledge of partial differential equations: the absolutely essential concepts are reported in a preliminary chapter. It is therefore suitable for students of bachelor and master courses in scientific disciplines, and recommendable to those researchers in the academic and extra-academic domain who want to approach this interesting branch of applied mathematics.

Partial Differential Equations with Numerical Methods

Author: Stig Larsson,Vidar Thomee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540887059

Category: Mathematics

Page: 262

View: 1678

The main theme is the integration of the theory of linear PDE and the theory of finite difference and finite element methods. For each type of PDE, elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic, the text contains one chapter on the mathematical theory of the differential equation, followed by one chapter on finite difference methods and one on finite element methods. The chapters on elliptic equations are preceded by a chapter on the two-point boundary value problem for ordinary differential equations. Similarly, the chapters on time-dependent problems are preceded by a chapter on the initial-value problem for ordinary differential equations. There is also one chapter on the elliptic eigenvalue problem and eigenfunction expansion. The presentation does not presume a deep knowledge of mathematical and functional analysis. The required background on linear functional analysis and Sobolev spaces is reviewed in an appendix. The book is suitable for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students of applied mathematics and engineering.

Understanding and Implementing the Finite Element Method

Author: Mark S. Gockenbach

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898716144

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 2449

The ?nite element method is the most powerful general-purpose technique for comput­ing accurate solutions to partial differential equations. Understanding and Implementing the Finite Element Method is essential reading for those interested in understanding both the theory and the implementation of the ?nite element method for equilibrium problems. This book contains a thorough derivation of the finite element equations as well as sections on programming the necessary calculations, solving the finite element equations, and using a posteriori error estimates to produce validated solutions. Accessible introductions to advanced topics, such as multigrid solvers, the hierarchical basis conjugate gradient method, and adaptive mesh generation, are provided. Each chapter ends with exercises to help readers master these topics. Understanding and Implementing the Finite Element Method includes a carefully documented collection of MATLAB® programs implementing the ideas presented in the book. Readers will bene?t from a careful explanation of data structures and speci?c coding strategies and will learn how to write a ?nite element code from scratch. Students can use the MATLAB codes to experiment with the method and extend them in various ways to learn more about programming ?nite elements. This practical book should provide an excellent foundation for those who wish to delve into advanced texts on the subject, including advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in mathematics, engineering, and the physical sciences.Preface; Part I: The Basic Framework for Stationary Problems. Chapter 1: Some Model PDEs; Chapter 2: The weak form of a BVP; Chapter 3: The Galerkin method; Chapter 4: Piecewise polynomials and the finite element method; Chapter 5: Convergence of the finite element method; Part II Data Structures and Implementation. Chapter 6: The mesh data structure; Chapter 7: Programming the finite element method: Linear Lagrange triangles; Chapter 8: Lagrange triangles of arbitrary degree; Chapter 9: The finite element method for general BVPs; Part III: Solving the Finite Element Equations. Chapter 10: Direct solution of sparse linear systems; Chapter 11: Iterative methods: Conjugate gradients; Chapter 12: The classical stationary iterations; Chapter 13: The multigrid method; Part IV: Adaptive Methods. Chapter 14: Adaptive mesh generation; Chapter 15: Error estimators and indicators; Bibliography; Index.

Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations by the Finite Element Method

Author: Claes Johnson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131599

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 1953

An accessible introduction to the finite element method for solving numeric problems, this volume offers the keys to an important technique in computational mathematics. Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses, it outlines clear connections with applications and considers numerous examples from a variety of science- and engineering-related specialties.This text encompasses all varieties of the basic linear partial differential equations, including elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic problems, as well as stationary and time-dependent problems. Additional topics include finite element methods for integral equations, an introduction to nonlinear problems, and considerations of unique developments of finite element techniques related to parabolic problems, including methods for automatic time step control. The relevant mathematics are expressed in non-technical terms whenever possible, in the interests of keeping the treatment accessible to a majority of students.

Numerical Methods for Elliptic Problems with Singularities

Boundary Methods and Nonconforming Combinations

Author: Zi-Cai Li

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810202927

Category: Mathematics

Page: 258

View: 1094

This book presents two kinds of numerical methods for solving elliptic boundary value problems with singularities. Part I gives the boundary methods which use analytic and singular expansions, and Part II the nonconforming methods combining finite element methods (FEM) (or finite difference methods (FDM)) and singular (or analytic) expansions. The advantage of these methods over the standard FEM and FDM is that they can cope with complicated geometrical boundaries and boundary conditions as well as singularity. Therefore, accurate numerical solutions near singularities can be obtained. The description of methods, error bounds, stability analysis and numerical experiments are provided for the typical problems with angular, interface and infinity singularities. However, the approximate techniques and coupling strategy given can be applied to solving other PDE and engineering problems with singularities as well. This book is derived from the author's Ph. D. thesis which won the 1987 best doctoral dissertation award given by the Canadian Applied Mathematics Society.

Galerkin Finite Element Methods for Parabolic Problems

Author: Vidar Thomee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662033593

Category: Mathematics

Page: 302

View: 5122

My purpose in this monograph is to present an essentially self-contained account of the mathematical theory of Galerkin finite element methods as applied to parabolic partial differential equations. The emphases and selection of topics reflects my own involvement in the field over the past 25 years, and my ambition has been to stress ideas and methods of analysis rather than to describe the most general and farreaching results possible. Since the formulation and analysis of Galerkin finite element methods for parabolic problems are generally based on ideas and results from the corresponding theory for stationary elliptic problems, such material is often included in the presentation. The basis of this work is my earlier text entitled Galerkin Finite Element Methods for Parabolic Problems, Springer Lecture Notes in Mathematics, No. 1054, from 1984. This has been out of print for several years, and I have felt a need and been encouraged by colleagues and friends to publish an updated version. In doing so I have included most of the contents of the 14 chapters of the earlier work in an updated and revised form, and added four new chapters, on semigroup methods, on multistep schemes, on incomplete iterative solution of the linear algebraic systems at the time levels, and on semilinear equations. The old chapters on fully discrete methods have been reworked by first treating the time discretization of an abstract differential equation in a Hilbert space setting, and the chapter on the discontinuous Galerkin method has been completely rewritten.

finite element methods

fifty years of the Courant element

Author: Michel Krizek,Pekka Neittaanmaki,Rolf Stenberg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482277697

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 8958

These proceedings originated from a conference commemorating the 50th anniversary of the publication of Richard Courant's seminal paper, Variational Methods for Problems of Equilibrium and Vibration. These papers address fundamental questions in numerical analysis and the special problems that occur in applying the finite element method to various fields of science and engineering.

The Mathematical Theory of Finite Element Methods

Author: Susanne C Brenner,L. Ridgway Scott

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475736584

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 6807

A rigorous and thorough mathematical introduction to the subject; A clear and concise treatment of modern fast solution techniques such as multigrid and domain decomposition algorithms; Second edition contains two new chapters, as well as many new exercises; Previous edition sold over 3000 copies worldwide

Finite Elements

Theory, Fast Solvers, and Applications in Solid Mechanics

Author: Dietrich Braess

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946146X

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 7714

This definitive introduction to finite element methods was thoroughly updated for this 2007 third edition, which features important material for both research and application of the finite element method. The discussion of saddle-point problems is a highlight of the book and has been elaborated to include many more nonstandard applications. The chapter on applications in elasticity now contains a complete discussion of locking phenomena. The numerical solution of elliptic partial differential equations is an important application of finite elements and the author discusses this subject comprehensively. These equations are treated as variational problems for which the Sobolev spaces are the right framework. Graduate students who do not necessarily have any particular background in differential equations, but require an introduction to finite element methods will find this text invaluable. Specifically, the chapter on finite elements in solid mechanics provides a bridge between mathematics and engineering.

Functional Analysis

Author: Kôsaku Yosida

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662117916

Category: Mathematics

Page: 468

View: 872

Elliptic problem solvers

Author: Martin H. Schultz

Publisher: Academic Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 444

View: 1990

The Finite Element Method

An Introduction with Partial Differential Equations

Author: A. J. Davies

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191630349

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 5347

The finite element method is a technique for solving problems in applied science and engineering. The essence of this book is the application of the finite element method to the solution of boundary and initial-value problems posed in terms of partial differential equations. The method is developed for the solution of Poisson's equation, in a weighted-residual context, and then proceeds to time-dependent and nonlinear problems. The relationship with the variational approach is also explained. This book is written at an introductory level, developing all the necessary concepts where required. Consequently, it is well-placed to be used as a textbook for a course in finite elements for final year undergraduates, the usual place for studying finite elements. There are worked examples throughout and each chapter has a set of exercises with detailed solutions.