The Geometry of Fractal Sets

Author: K. J. Falconer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521337052

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

View: 1984

This book contains a rigorous mathematical treatment of the geometrical aspects of sets of both integral and fractional Hausdorff dimension. Questions of local density and the existence of tangents of such sets are studied, as well as the dimensional properties of their projections in various directions. In the case of sets of integral dimension the dramatic differences between regular 'curve-like' sets and irregular 'dust like' sets are exhibited. The theory is related by duality to Kayeka sets (sets of zero area containing lines in every direction). The final chapter includes diverse examples of sets to which the general theory is applicable: discussions of curves of fractional dimension, self-similar sets, strange attractors, and examples from number theory, convexity and so on. There is an emphasis on the basic tools of the subject such as the Vitali covering lemma, net measures and Fourier transform methods.

Fractal Geometry and Applications: Analysis, number theory, and dynamical systems

Author: Benoit B. Mandelbrot

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821836374

Category: Ergodic theory

Page: 517

View: 1729

This volume offers an excellent selection of cutting-edge articles about fractal geometry, covering the great breadth of mathematics and related areas touched by this subject. Included are rich survey articles and fine expository papers. The high-quality contributions to the volume by well-known researchers--including two articles by Mandelbrot--provide a solid cross-section of recent research representing the richness and variety of contemporary advances in and around fractal geometry. In demonstrating the vitality and diversity of the field, this book will motivate further investigation into the many open problems and inspire future research directions. It is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in fractal geometry and its applications. This is a two-part volume. Part 1 covers analysis, number theory, and dynamical systems; Part 2, multifractals, probability and statistical mechanics, and applications.

Fractal Geometry and Stochastics III

Author: Christoph Bandt,Umberto Mosco,Martina Zähle

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034878915

Category: Mathematics

Page: 262

View: 3404

This up-to-date monograph, providing an up-to-date overview of the field of Hepatitis Prevention and Treatment, includes contributions from internationally recognized experts on viral hepatitis, and covers the current state of knowledge and practice regarding the molecular biology, immunology, biochemistry, pharmacology and clinical aspects of chronic HBV and HCV infection. The book provides the latest information, with sufficient background and discussion of the literature to benefit the newcomer to the field.

Fractals in Probability and Analysis

Author: Christopher J. Bishop,Yuval Peres

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107134110

Category: Mathematics

Page: 412

View: 4547

This is a mathematically rigorous introduction to fractals which emphasizes examples and fundamental ideas. Building up from basic techniques of geometric measure theory and probability, central topics such as Hausdorff dimension, self-similar sets and Brownian motion are introduced, as are more specialized topics, including Kakeya sets, capacity, percolation on trees and the traveling salesman theorem. The broad range of techniques presented enables key ideas to be highlighted, without the distraction of excessive technicalities. The authors incorporate some novel proofs which are simpler than those available elsewhere. Where possible, chapters are designed to be read independently so the book can be used to teach a variety of courses, with the clear structure offering students an accessible route into the topic.

Fractal Geometry and Stochastics II

Author: Christoph Bandt,Siegfried Graf,Martina Zähle

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 292

View: 4619

A collection of contributions by outstanding mathematicians, highlighting the principal directions of research on the combination of fractal geometry and stochastic methods. Clear expositions introduce the most recent results and problems on these subjects and give an overview of their historical development.

Graph Directed Markov Systems

Geometry and Dynamics of Limit Sets

Author: R. Daniel Mauldin,Mariusz Urbanski,Mariusz Urbański

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521825382

Category: Mathematics

Page: 281

View: 1633

Monograph on Graph Directed Markov Systems with backgound and research level material.

Quantum Graphs and Their Applications

Proceedings of an AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Quantum Graphs and Their Applications, June 19-23, 2005, Snowbird, Utah

Author: Gregory Berkolaiko

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821837656

Category: Mathematics

Page: 307

View: 6855

This volume is a collection of articles dedicated to quantum graphs, a newly emerging interdisciplinary field related to various areas of mathematics and physics. The reader can find a broad overview of the theory of quantum graphs. The articles present methods coming from different areas of mathematics: number theory, combinatorics, mathematical physics, differential equations, spectral theory, global analysis, and theory of fractals. They also address various important applications, such as Anderson localization, electrical networks, quantum chaos, mesoscopic physics, superconductivity, optics, and biological modeling.

Analysis on Fractals

Author: Jun Kigami

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521793216

Category: Mathematics

Page: 226

View: 4385

Self-contained introduction to analysis on fractals, a developing area of mathematics, for graduates and researchers.

Dirichlet Forms and Analysis on Wiener Space

Author: Nicolas Bouleau,Francis Hirsch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311085838X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 335

View: 6331

The subject of this book is analysis on Wiener space by means of Dirichlet forms and Malliavin calculus. There are already several literature on this topic, but this book has some different viewpoints. First the authors review the theory of Dirichlet forms, but they observe only functional analytic, potential theoretical and algebraic properties. They do not mention the relation with Markov processes or stochastic calculus as discussed in usual books (e.g. Fukushima’s book). Even on analytic properties, instead of mentioning the Beuring-Deny formula, they discuss “carré du champ” operators introduced by Meyer and Bakry very carefully. Although they discuss when this “carré du champ” operator exists in general situation, the conditions they gave are rather hard to verify, and so they verify them in the case of Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator in Wiener space later. (It should be noticed that one can easily show the existence of “carré du champ” operator in this case by using Shigekawa’s H-derivative.) In the part on Malliavin calculus, the authors mainly discuss the absolute continuity of the probability law of Wiener functionals. The Dirichlet form corresponds to the first derivative only, and so it is not easy to consider higher order derivatives in this framework. This is the reason why they discuss only the first step of Malliavin calculus. On the other hand, they succeeded to deal with some delicate problems (the absolute continuity of the probability law of the solution to stochastic differential equations with Lipschitz continuous coefficients, the domain of stochastic integrals (Itô-Ramer-Skorokhod integrals), etc.). This book focuses on the abstract structure of Dirichlet forms and Malliavin calculus rather than their applications. However, the authors give a lot of exercises and references and they may help the reader to study other topics which are not discussed in this book. Zentralblatt Math, Reviewer: S.Kusuoka (Hongo)

Kurventheorie

Author: Karl Menger,Georg Nöbeling

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780828401722

Category: Curves

Page: 374

View: 6650

This classic book is a treatise on the topology of curves. The class of curves considered is quite broad, including smooth curves, rational curves, trees, Cantor curves and so on. It was one of a small handful of landmark books on topology, in particular point-set topology, that were published during the important period of the 1930s. Many of the properties of curves explored by Menger are of renewed importance today in various contexts, notably the topology of dynamics.

Mathematisches Denken

Vom Vergnügen am Umgang mit Zahlen

Author: T.W. Körner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034850018

Category: Science

Page: 719

View: 4300

Dieses Buch wendet sich zuallererst an intelligente Schüler ab 14 Jahren sowie an Studienanfänger, die sich für Mathematik interessieren und etwas mehr als die Anfangsgründe dieser Wissenschaft kennenlernen möchten. Es gibt inzwischen mehrere Bücher, die eine ähnliche Zielstellung verfolgen. Besonders gern erinnere ich mich an das Werk Vom Einmaleins zum Integral von Colerus, das ich in meiner Kindheit las. Es beginnt mit der folgenden entschiedenen Feststellung: Die Mathematik ist eine Mausefalle. Wer einmal in dieser Falle gefangen sitzt, findet selten den Ausgang, der zurück in seinen vormathematischen Seelenzustand leitet. ([49], S. 7) Einige dieser Bücher sind im Anhang zusammengestellt und kommen tiert. Tatsächlich ist das Unternehmen aber so lohnenswert und die Anzahl der schon vorhandenen Bücher doch so begrenzt, daß ich mich nicht scheue, ihnen ein weiteres hinzuzufügen. An zahlreichen amerikanischen Universitäten gibt es Vorlesungen, die gemeinhin oder auch offiziell als ,,Mathematik für Schöngeister'' firmieren. Dieser Kategorie ist das vorliegende Buch nicht zuzuordnen. Statt dessen soll es sich um eine ,,Mathematik für Mathematiker'' handeln, für Mathema tiker freilich, die noch sehr wenig von der Mathematik verstehen. Weshalb aber sollte nicht der eine oder andere von ihnen eines Tages den Autor dieses 1 Buches durch seine Vorlesungen in Staunen versetzen? Ich hoffe, daß auch meine Mathematikerkollegen Freude an dem Werk haben werden, und ich würde mir wünschen, daß auch andere Leser, bei denen die Wertschätzung für die Mathematik stärker als die Furcht vor ihr ist, Gefallen an ihm finden mögen.