The Global Cold War

Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times

Author: Odd Arne Westad

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643827

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7914

The Cold War shaped the world we live in today - its politics, economics, and military affairs. This book shows how the globalization of the Cold War during the last century created the foundations for most of the key conflicts we see today, including the War on Terror. It focuses on how the Third World policies of the two twentieth-century superpowers - the United States and the Soviet Union - gave rise to resentments and resistance that in the end helped topple one superpower and still seriously challenge the other. Ranging from China to Indonesia, Iran, Ethiopia, Angola, Cuba, and Nicaragua, it provides a truly global perspective on the Cold War. And by exploring both the development of interventionist ideologies and the revolutionary movements that confronted interventions, the book links the past with the present in ways that no other major work on the Cold War era has succeeded in doing.

Der Kalte Krieg

1947-1991

Author: Bernd Stöver

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406706126

Category: Political Science

Page: 528

View: 5985

Der Kalte Krieg zwischen den USA und der Sowjetunion - zwischen liberaler Demokratie und Kommunismus - wurde weltweit und auf allen Ebenen geführt: militärisch, politisch, wirtschaftlich und kulturell. Bernd Stöver beschreibt in seinem viel gerühmten Standardwerk die Konfrontation der beiden Supermächte vom Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs über den Mauerbau in Berlin, die militärisch hoch brisante Kuba-Krise, den Vietnamkrieg und zahllose Stellvertreterkriege in der Dritten Welt bis zum Zerfall der Sowjetunion 1991.

The Global Cold War

Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times

Author: Patrick Glenn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351351346

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6389

For those who lived through the Cold War period, and for many of the historians who study it, it seemed self-evident that the critical incidents that determined its course took place in the northern hemisphere, specifically in the face-off between NATO and the Warsaw Pact in Europe. In this view, the Berlin Wall mattered more than the Ho Chi Minh Trail, and the Soviet intervention in Hungary was vastly more significant than Soviet intervention in Korea. It was only the fine balance of power in the northern theatre that redirected the attentions of the USA and the USSR elsewhere, and resulted in outbreaks of proxy warfare elsewhere in the globe - in Korea, in Vietnam and in Africa. Odd Arne Westad's triumph is to look at the history of these times through the other end of the telescope - to reconceptualize the Cold War as something that fundamentally happened in the Third World, not the First. The thesis he presents in The Global Cold War is highly creative. It upends much conventional wisdom and points out that the determining factor in the struggle was not geopolitics, but ideology - an ideology, moreover, that was heavily flavoured by elements of colonialist thinking that ought to have been alien to the mindsets of two avowedly anti-colonial superpowers. Westad's work is a fine example of the creative thinking skill of coming up with new connections and fresh solutions; it also never shies away from generating new hypotheses or redefining issues in order to see them in new ways.

Der Kalte Krieg

Author: Bernd Stöver

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406480140

Category: Cold War

Page: 128

View: 2715

Der Kalte Krieg zwischen den USA und der Sowjetunion - zwischen liberaler Demokratie und Kommunismus - hat für fast ein halbes Jahrhundert die Weltpolitik bestimmt. In diesem "totalen Krieg" wurden auf beiden Seiten massive Anstrengungen unternommen, um Waffenarsenale anzuhäufen, Einflußsphären zu sichern oder den Gegner auszuspionieren. Bernd Stöver schildert allgemeinverständlich die Konfrontation der Supermächte vom Zweiten Weltkrieg bis zur Auflösung der Sowjetunion 1991. (Quelle: www.weltbild.ch).

Der Kalte Krieg

eine neue Geschichte

Author: John Lewis Gaddis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570550571

Category:

Page: 384

View: 5857

Gorbatschow

Der Mann und seine Zeit

Author: William Taubman

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406700454

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 935

View: 5135

Im Ausland verehrt und bewundert als der Mann, der das Tor zu einem neuen Zeitalter aufstieß, gilt er bei seinen Landsleuten als Schwächling und Totengräber des sowjetischen Imperiums: Michail Gorbatschow ist für die einen ein überragender Staatsmann und für die anderen ein Versager. Pulitzerpreisträger William Taubman legt nun die grundlegende Biographie dieser Jahrhundertgestalt vor – akribisch recherchiert, fundiert im Urteil und fesselnd geschrieben. Als Michail Gorbatschow 1985 mit 54 Jahren jüngster Generalsekretär in der Geschichte der KPdSU wurde, war die Sowjetunion eine von zwei Supermächten. Doch nur vier Jahre später hatten Perestroika und Glasnost die Sowjetunion für immer verändert und Gorbatschow mehr Feinde als Freunde. Seine Politik beendete den Kalten Krieg. Doch im Jahr darauf musste er nach einem gescheiterten Putsch – ohne es zu wollen – dem Kollaps jenes Imperiums zuschauen, das er zu retten versucht hatte. William Taubman schildert in seinem Buch, wie ein Bauernjunge vom Lande es bis an die Spitze im Kreml bringt, sich mit Amerikas erzkonservativem Präsidenten Ronald Reagan anfreundet und es der UdSSR und dem Ostblock erlaubt, sich aufzulösen, ohne Zuflucht zur Gewalt zu nehmen. Wer war dieses „Rätsel Gorbatschow“ – ein wahrhaft großer Politiker oder ein Mann, der an seinen eigenen Fehlern scheiterte und an Mächten, gegen die er nicht gewinnen konnte?

The Cambridge History of the Cold War: Volume 1, Origins

Author: Melvyn P. Leffler,Odd Arne Westad

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316025616

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7379

This volume examines the origins and early years of the Cold War. In the first comprehensive reexamination of the period, a team of leading scholars shows how the conflict evolved from the geopolitical, ideological, economic and sociopolitical environments of the two world wars and interwar period, and discusses how markets, ideas and cultural interactions affected political discourse, diplomacy and strategy after World War II. The chapters focus not only on the United States and the Soviet Union, but also on critical regions such as Europe, the Balkans and East Asia. The authors consider the most influential statesmen of the era and address issues that mattered to people around the globe: food, nutrition and resource allocation; ethnicity, race and religion; science and technology; national autonomy, self-determination and sovereignty. In so doing, they illuminate how people worldwide shaped the evolution of the increasingly bipolar conflict and, in turn, were ensnared by it.

Decolonization and the Cold War

Negotiating Independence

Author: Leslie James,Elisabeth Leake

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472571215

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 7606

The Cold War and decolonization transformed the twentieth century world. This volume brings together an international line-up of experts to explore how these transformations took place and expand on some of the latest threads of analysis to help inform our understanding of the links between the two phenomena. The book begins by exploring ideas of modernity, development, and economics as Cold War and postcolonial projects and goes on to look at the era's intellectual history and investigate how emerging forms of identity fought for supremacy. Finally, the contributors question ideas of sovereignty and state control that move beyond traditional Cold War narratives. Decolonization and the Cold War emphasizes new approaches by drawing on various methodologies, regions, themes, and interdisciplinary work, to shed new light on two topics that are increasingly important to historians of the twentieth century.

The Cambridge History of the Cold War: Volume 3, Endings

Author: Melvyn P. Leffler,Odd Arne Westad

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316025632

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6779

Volume III of The Cambridge History of the Cold War examines the evolution of the conflict from the Helsinki Conference of 1975 until the Soviet collapse in 1991. A team of leading scholars analyzes the economic, social, cultural, religious, technological and geopolitical factors that ended the Cold War and discusses the personalities and policies of key leaders such as Brezhnev, Reagan, Gorbachev, Thatcher, Kohl and Deng Xiaoping. The authors show how events throughout the world shaped the evolution of Soviet-American relations and they explore the legacies of the superpower confrontation in a comparative and transnational perspective. Individual chapters examine how the Cold War affected and was affected by environmental issues, economic trends, patterns of consumption, human rights and non-governmental organizations. The volume represents the new international history at its best, emphasizing broad social, economic, demographic and strategic developments while keeping politics and human agency in focus.

Islamischer Internationalismus im 20. Jahrhundert

Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der Islamischen Weltliga (Rābiṭat al-ʻĀlam al-Islāmī) Mekka

Author: Reinhard Schulze

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004082861

Category: History

Page: 509

View: 5662

Spätkoloniale Moderne

Le Corbusier, Ernst May, Frank Lloyd Wright, The Architects Collaborative und die Globalisierung der Architekturmoderne

Author: Regina Göckede

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3038210323

Category: Architecture

Page: 498

View: 9641

Unter welchen Umständen ist es westlichen Akteuren gelungen, über nationale und kulturelle Grenzen hinweg einheitliche Architekturparameter zu etablieren? Warum ist dieses Projekt regelmäßig gescheitert? Wie lassen sich andere Transformationsprozesse fassen? Die spätkoloniale Moderne der 1930er bis 1960er Jahre steht für eine vielschichtige und nicht selten widersprüchliche Phase innerhalb der Globalisierung der Architekturmoderne. Sie ist von kolonialen Kontinuitäten wie von den konkurrierenden Modernitätsentwürfen lokaler Akteure gekennzeichnet. Indem die Studie gleichzeitig als machtkritische Diskursanalyse, historische Architektursoziologie und politische Ikonographie angelegt ist, gelingt es exemplarisch, die semantische Polyvalenz der spätkolonialen Architekturmoderne herauszuarbeiten. Das Spektrum der untersuchten Projekte umfasst Le Corbusiers Planungen für das französisch besetzte Algier, Ernst Mays Stadterweiterung für das kolonial-britische Kampala sowie die Interventionen Frank Lloyd Wrights und TACs in das haschemitische und frührepublikanische Bagdad.

The Middle East and the Cold War

Between Security and Development

Author: Massimiliano Trentin,Matteo Gerlini

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443837229

Category: History

Page: 190

View: 4079

There have been quite a lot of attempts to find out exactly what the impact of the Cold War on the Middle East was, and this from different disciplinary perspectives. This volumes tries to integrate the historical debate with new fresh insights thanks to the works of young scholars who are currently engaged in archival and field research. Algeria, Sudan, Jordan as well as Syria, Israel and Iran during the embattled 1950s and 1960s are the objects of this volume, which draws a much more complicated picture than one might expect. As a matter of fact, both the Cold War superpowers and their European allies proved constrained in their interventions to shape the political and economic dynamics of the region according to their own plans: on the contrary, Middle Eastern rulers enjoyed remarkable autonomy to achieve their goals, and fully exploited, in rhetorics and practice, the competition and rivalry which divided the industrial countries during the Cold War. The process of decolonization and the related construction of new patterns of national sovereignty and development were major issues at stake for both the Cold War camps and their postcolonial partners in the Middle East. Though peculiar, the region proved to be no exception to global trends. The so called “liberal” Fifties as well as the “radical” Sixties of the XXth century were times of great conflict and change, setting much of the institutions and patterns of development which lasted for three decades, at least, but also providing fresh opportunities for new social and politics groups to emerge and consolidate in power. In light of the current events in North Africa and the Middle East at large, this volume is a highly valuable contribution to the deeper and wider understanding of the region in itself as well as the patterns of its integration within the wider, global world

Uncertain Empire

American History and the Idea of the Cold War

Author: Joel Isaac,Duncan Bell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199986665

Category: History

Page: 314

View: 9187

Historians have long understood that the notion of "the cold war" is richly metaphorical, if not paradoxical. The conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union was a war that fell ambiguously short of war, an armed truce that produced considerable bloodshed. Yet scholars in the rapidly expanding field of Cold War studies have seldom paused to consider the conceptual and chronological foundations of the idea of the Cold War itself. In Uncertain Empire, a group of leading scholars takes up the challenge of making sense of the idea of the Cold War and its application to the writing of American history. They interrogate the concept from a wide range of disciplinary vantage points--diplomatic history, the history of science, literary criticism, cultural history, and the history of religion--highlighting the diversity of methods and approaches in contemporary Cold War studies. Animating the volume as a whole is a question about the extent to which the Cold War was an American invention. Uncertain Empire brings debates over national, global, and transnational history into focus and offers students of the Cold War a new framework for considering recent developments in the field.

The Parchment of Kashmir

History, Society, and Polity

Author: N. Khan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137029587

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 9939

A cross-disciplinary anthology on contemporary Kashmir by academics from Jammu and Kashmir, the first such volume to appear. The book offers a panorama of key cultural concerns of Jammu and Kashmir today, incorporating analysis of military, cultural, religious, and social aspects of the society and polity.

Die Grenzen der Weltmacht

sowjetische Indonesienpolitik von Stalin bis Brežnev

Author: Ragna Boden

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515088930

Category: History

Page: 444

View: 6654

Die Forschungen zur sowjetischen Politik gegenueber Entwicklungsl�ndern sch�pfen die verfuegbaren Quellen bisher kaum aus. Dabei liefert ihre Analyse einen Schluessel zum Verst�ndnis der UdSSR als Weltmacht sowie zur globalen Dynamik des Ost-West-Konfliktes. In Indonesien, das zu den Spitzenempf�ngern sowjetischer Hilfsleistungen geh�rte, konkurrierte Moskau sowohl mit den USA als auch mit der Volksrepublik China um Einflu�. Besonders Chru�c'ev stellte sich dieser Herausforderung, indem er zum einen das theoretische Fundament der Stalin-Zeit modifizierte, um nach Unabh�ngigkeit strebende Kolonien bzw. blockfreie Staaten zu unterstuetzen, und sich zum anderen in den Bereichen Wirtschaft, Milit�r, Kultur, und selbst Religion in Indonesien engagierte.

Coca-Colonisation und Kalter Krieg

die Kulturmission der USA in Österreich nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg

Author: Reinhold Wagnleitner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Propaganda, American

Page: 435

View: 8715

The Great American Mission

Modernization and the Construction of an American World Order

Author: David Ekbladh

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691152454

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 3115

The Great American Mission traces how America's global modernization efforts during the twentieth century were a means to remake the world in its own image. David Ekbladh shows that the emerging concept of modernization combined existing development ideas from the Depression. He describes how ambitious New Deal programs like the Tennessee Valley Authority became symbols of American liberalism's ability to marshal the social sciences, state planning, civil society, and technology to produce extensive social and economic change. For proponents, it became a valuable weapon to check the influence of menacing ideologies such as Fascism and Communism. Modernization took on profound geopolitical importance as the United States grappled with these threats. After World War II, modernization remained a means to contain the growing influence of the Soviet Union. Ekbladh demonstrates how U.S.-led nation-building efforts in global hot spots, enlisting an array of nongovernmental groups and international organizations, were a basic part of American strategy in the Cold War. However, a close connection to the Vietnam War and the upheavals of the 1960s would discredit modernization. The end of the Cold War further obscured modernization's mission, but many of its assumptions regained prominence after September 11 as the United States moved to contain new threats. Using new sources and perspectives, The Great American Mission offers new and challenging interpretations of America's ideological motivations and humanitarian responsibilities abroad.

The Routledge Handbook of the Cold War

Author: Artemy M. Kalinovsky,Craig Daigle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134700725

Category: Political Science

Page: 440

View: 7483

This new Handbook offers a wide-ranging overview of current scholarship on the Cold War, with essays from many leading scholars. The field of Cold War history has consistently been one of the most vibrant in the field of international studies. Recent scholarship has added to our understanding of familiar Cold War events, such as the Korean War, the Cuban Missile Crisis and superpower détente, and shed new light on the importance of ideology, race, modernization, and transnational movements. The Routledge Handbook of the Cold War draws on the wealth of new Cold War scholarship, bringing together essays on a diverse range of topics such as geopolitics, military power and technology and strategy. The chapters also address the importance of non-state actors, such as scientists, human rights activists and the Catholic Church, and examine the importance of development, foreign aid and overseas assistance. The volume is organised into nine parts: Part I: The Early Cold War Part II: Cracks in the Bloc Part III: Decolonization, Imperialism and its Consequences Part IV: The Cold War in the Third World Part V: The Era of Detente Part VI: Human Rights and Non-State Actors Part VII: Nuclear Weapons, Technology and Intelligence Part VIII: Psychological Warfare, Propaganda and Cold War Culture Part IX: The End of the Cold War This new Handbook will be of great interest to all students of Cold War history, international history, foreign policy, security studies and IR in general.