International Politics of the Persian Gulf

Author: Mehran Kamrava

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 081565152X

Category: National security

Page: 374

View: 913

For much of the contemporary history of the Middle East, the Persian Gulf has stood at the center of the region's strategic significance. At the same time, the Gulf has been wracked by political instability and tension. Together, the essays in this volume present a comprehensive, detailed, and accessible account of the international politics of the region. Focusing on the key factors that give the Persian Gulf its strategic significance, contributors look at the influence of vast deposits of oil and natural gas on international politics, the impact of the competing centers of power of Iran and Saudi Arabia, the nature of relationships among countries within the Persian Gulf, and the evolving interaction between Islam and politics. Throughout the collection, issues of internal and international security are shown to be central.

The Modern Middle East, Third Edition

A Political History since the First World War

Author: Mehran Kamrava

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520956850

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 3560

From the fall of the Ottoman Empire through the Arab Spring, this completely revised and updated edition of Mehran Kamrava’s classic treatise on the making of the contemporary Middle East remains essential reading for students and general readers who want to gain a better understanding of this diverse region.

Political Economy of the Persian Gulf

Author: Mehran Kamrava

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199327799

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 8802

Some Persian Gulf states have capitalized on the quick pace of globalized fiscal transactions, transforming themselves into important markets for foreign investment. Others have fallen victim to such risky speculation. This has led the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to reevaluate the integrity of the "Dubai Model" of economic diversification, as they search for an ideal method to organize their economies and compete within the global order. While exploring the greater dimensions that globalizing forces have brought to the political economies of Persian Gulf states, this book also considers recent changes instituted during and following the global economic crisis of 2008. While mutually beneficial rentier arrangements have guided the GCC countries' formation of oil-based economies and labor relations in the past, will this necessarily be true in the future? In addition to addressing this key concern, this volume confronts future demographic changes within GCC countries; the feasibility of establishing a GCC monetary union; the effects of rentierism on state autonomy; and the successes and failures of sovereign wealth funds and Islamic banking models.

Kurdish Quasi-State

Development and Dependency In Post-Gulf War Iraq

Author: Denise Natali

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 081565121X

Category: History

Page: 158

View: 5203

Despite ongoing instability and underdevelopment in post-Saddam Iraq, some parts of the country have realized relative security and growth. The Kurdish north, once an isolated outpost for the Iraqi army and local militia, has become an internationally recognized autonomous region. In The Kurdish Quasi-State, Natali explains the nature of this transformation and how it has influenced the relationship between the Kurdistan region and Iraq's central government. This much-needed scholarship focuses on foreign aid as helping to create and sustain the Kurdish quasi-state. It argues that the generous nature of external assistance to the Kurdistan region over time has given it new forms of legitimacy and leverage in the country. Since 2003 the Kurdistan region has gained representation in the central government and developed commercial, investment, and political ties with regional states and foreign governments.

Raging Against the Machine

Political Opposition Under Authoritarianism in Egypt

Author: Holger Albrecht

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815652267

Category: Authoritarianism

Page: 224

View: 1426

Albrecht's work presents a comprehensive account of contemporary Egyptian politics, with a particular focus on the years 2002-2007. The text contains a theoretical dimension that considers the role political opposition and the core working mechanisms of state-society relations under authoritarian rule.

Foundations of Modern International Thought

Author: David Armitage

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521807077

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 5177

This insightful and wide-ranging volume traces the genesis of international intellectual thought, connecting international and global history with intellectual history.

Ethnicity, Identity, and the Development of Nationalism in Iran

Author: David N. Yaghoubian

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815652720

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 5932

Ethnicity, Identity, and the Development of Nationalism in Iran investigates the ways in which Armenian minorities in Iran encountered Iranian nationalism and participated in its development over the course of the twentieth century. Based primarily on oral interviews, archival documents, personal memoirs, memorabilia, and photographs, the book examines the lives of a group of Armenian-Iranians—a truck driver, an army officer, a parliamentary representative, a civil servant, and a scout leader—and explores the personal conflicts and paradoxes attendant upon their layered allegiances and compound identities. In documenting individual experiences in Iranian industry, military, government, education, and community organization, the five social biographies detail the various roles of elites and non-elites in the development of Iranian nationalism and reveal the multiple forces that shape the processes of identity formation. Yaghoubian combines these portraits with theories of nationalism and national identity to answer recurring pivotal questions about how nationalism evolves, why it is appealing, what broad forces and daily activities shape and sustain it, and the role of ethnicity in its development.

Pax Syriana

Elite Politics in Postwar Lebanon

Author: Rola El-Husseini

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815633041

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 9579

The recent political history of Lebanon has been defined by the legacy of war. While much has been written about the tragedy of the civil war, this title is the first book focused on the evolution of the postwar political scene.

Histories of City and State in the Persian Gulf

Manama Since 1800

Author: Nelida Fuccaro

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521514355

Category: History

Page: 257

View: 9737

This book examines the political and social life of the Gulf city and its coastline, as exemplified by Manama in Bahrain. Written as an ethnography of space, politics and community, it addresses the changing relationship between urban development, politics and society before and after the discovery of oil.


Small State, Big Politics, Updated Edition

Author: Mehran Kamrava

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801454301

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 1442

The Persian Gulf state of Qatar has fewer than 2 million inhabitants, virtually no potable water, and has been an independent nation only since 1971. Yet its enormous oil and gas wealth has permitted the ruling al Thani family to exert a disproportionately large influence on regional and even international politics. Qatar is, as Mehran Kamrava explains in this knowledgeable and incisive account of the emirate, a "tiny giant": although severely lacking in most measures of state power, it is highly influential in diplomatic, cultural, and economic spheres. Kamrava presents Qatar as an experimental country, building a new society while exerting what he calls "subtle power." It is both the headquarters of the global media network Al Jazeera and the site of the U.S. Central Command's Forward Headquarters and the Combined Air Operations Center. Qatar has been a major player during the European financial crisis, it has become a showplace for renowned architects, several U.S. universities have established campuses there, and it will host the FIFA World Cup in 2022. Qatar's effective use of its subtle power, Kamrava argues, challenges how we understand the role of small states in the global system. Given the Gulf state's outsized influence on regional and international affairs, this book is a critical and timely account of contemporary Qatari politics and society.

The Arab Awakening

America and the Transformation of the Middle East

Author: Kenneth M. Pollack,Daniel L. Byman,Akram Al-Turk,Pavel Baev,Michael S. Doran

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815722273

Category: Political Science

Page: 381

View: 9890

Even the most seasoned Middle East observers were taken aback by the events of early 2011. Protests born of oppression and socioeconomic frustration erupted throughout the streets; public unrest provoked violent police backlash; long-established dictatorships fell. How did this all happen? What might the future look like, and what are the likely ramifications for the United States and the rest of the world? In The Arab Awakening, experts from the Brookings Institution tackle such questions to make sense of this tumultuous region that remains at the heart of U.S. national interests. The first portion of The Arab Awakening offers broad lessons by analyzing key aspects of the Mideast turmoil, such as public opinion trends within the "Arab Street"; the role of social media and technology; socioeconomic and demographic conditions; the influence of Islamists; and the impact of the new political order on the Arab-Israeli peace process. The next section looks at the countries themselves, finding commonalties and grouping them according to the political evolutions that have (or have not) occurred in each country. The section offers insight into the current situation, and possible trajectory of each group of countries, followed by individual nation studies. The Arab Awakening brings the full resources of Brookings to bear on making sense of what may turn out to be the most significant geopolitical movement of this generation. It is essential reading for anyone looking to understand these developments and their consequences.

The Strong Horse

Power, Politics, and the Clash of Arab Civilizations

Author: Lee Smith

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 0385532202

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 7612

In this provocative and timely book, Middle East expert Lee Smith overturns long-held Western myths and assumptions about the Arab world, offering advice for America’s future success in the region. Seeking the motivation behind the September 11 attacks, Smith moved to Cairo, where he discovered that the standard explanation—a clash of East and West—was simply not the case. Middle East conflicts have little to do with Israel, the United States, or the West in general, but are endemic to the region. According to Smith’s “Strong Horse Doctrine,” the Arab world naturally aligns itself with strength, power, and violence. He argues that America must be the strong horse in order to reclaim its role there, and that only by understanding the nature of the region’s ancient conflicts can we succeed. Smith details the three-decades-long relationship between Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and the United States, and gives a history of the Muslim Brotherhood, which would likely play an important role in the formation of a new government in Egypt. He also discusses Lebanon, where tipping the balance against Hezbollah in favor of pro-democracy, pro-US forces has become imperative, as a special tribunal investigates the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri. Eye-opening and in-depth, The Strong Horse is much needed background and perspective on today’s headlines. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Troubled Waters

Insecurity in the Persian Gulf

Author: Mehran Kamrava

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501720368

Category: History

Page: 210

View: 7552

Troubled Waters looks at four dynamics in the Persian Gulf that have contributed to making the region one of the most volatile and tension-filled spots in the world. Mehran Kamrava identifies the four dynamics as: the neglect of human dimensions of security, the inherent instability involved in reliance on the United States and the exclusion of Iraq and Iran, the international and security policies pursued by inside and outside actors, and a suite of overlapping security dilemmas. These four factors combine and interact to generate long-term volatility and ongoing tensions within the Persian Gulf. Through insights from Kamrava’s interviews with Gulf elites into policy decisions, the consequences of security dilemmas, the priorities of local players, and the neglect of identity and religion, Troubled Waters examines the root causes of conflicts and crises that are currently unfolding in the region. As Kamrava demonstrates, each state in the region, including Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Qatar, has embarked on vigorous security-producing efforts as part of foreign policy, flooding the area with more munitions—thereby increasing insecurity and causing more mistrust in a part of the world that needs no more tension.

Islamophobia and the Politics of Empire

The Cultural Logic of Empire

Author: Deepa Kumar

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 1608462129

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 826

In response to the events of 9/11, the Bush administration launched a "war on terror" ushering in an era of anti-Muslim racism, or Islamophobia. However, 9/11 alone did not create Islamophobia. This book examines the current backlash within the context of Islamophobia's origins, in the historic relationship between East and West. Deepa Kumar is an associate professor of media studies and Middle East studies at Rutgers University and the author of Outside the Box: Corporate Media, Globalization and the UPS Strike. Kumar has contributed to numerous outlets including the BBC, USA Today, and the Philadelphia Inquirer.

The Last Ottoman Generation and the Making of the Modern Middle East

Author: Michael Provence

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521761174

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 8075

The modern Middle East emerged out of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, when Britain and France partitioned the Ottoman Arab lands into several new colonial states. The following period was a charged and transformative time of unrest. Insurgent leaders, trained in Ottoman military tactics and with everything to lose from the fall of the Empire, challenged the mandatory powers in a number of armed revolts. This is a study of this crucial period in Middle Eastern history, tracing the period through popular political movements and the experience of colonial rule. In doing so, Provence emphasises the continuity between the late Ottoman and Colonial era, explaining how national identities emerged, and how the seeds were sown for many of the conflicts which have defined the Middle East in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. This is a valuable read for students of Middle Eastern history and politics.

The New Voices of Islam

Author: mehran kamrava

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781845112752

Category: Islam

Page: 291

View: 916

Over the years, a significant discourse has emerged from a number of prominent Muslim thinkers who wish to reformulate Islamic theology & jurisprudence. This book talks about their work, on the themes of Islamic hermeneutics, Islam's relationship with modernity, & the relationship of Islam with democracy & civil rights.

The Political History of Modern Iran

From Tribalism to Theocracy

Author: Mehran Kamrava

Publisher: Praeger Publishers


Category: History

Page: 177

View: 1657

This book offers a concise and comprehensive examination of Iran's political history from the establishment of the Qajar dynasty in 1785 until the present. It focuses on both the historical evolution of Iranian political institutions as well as on the processes and phenomena to which these institutions have been exposed. Since politics do not occur within a culturally vacuous context, attention is also drawn to the dominant characteristics of Iran's political culture--from tribalism and religion to the cult of personality and political demagoguery--that have similarly shaped political life in Iran. Such characteristics have acquired added accent under the revolutionary regime of the Islamic Republic, although the revolution's gradual routinization has once again brought about a measure of political normalcy. Attention is drawn to the persistence of specific political dynamics that have proven to be particularly resilient throughout Iran's recent history. Throughout the reigns of the three regimes governing Iran since the eighteenth century--the Qajars, the Pahlavis, and the Islamic Republic--radically different from one another as they have been, the three themes of political autocracy, foreign intervention, and revolution have remained.

The Modern Middle East

A Political History since the First World War

Author: Mehran Kamrava

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520937895

Category: History

Page: 510

View: 804

The first succinct and authoritative overview of the making of the modern Middle East, this lucid book brings a valuable mix of historical perspectives and contemporary analysis to a wide audience of readers seeking expert knowledge about this troubled and fascinating region. Giving a rich perspective on the region's historical and political evolution, the book traces the influence of factors such as religion, culture, and economics and illuminates events and topics currently in the news. With its broad thematic sweep and its balanced presentation of contentious issues, it is essential reading for general readers and students who want to better understand the world today. Mehran Kamrava sets the stage with a concise discussion of the evolution of Islam and the religion's profound role in the region. He then looks at, in turn, the rise and fall of the Ottomans, the trials of independence and state-building, the emergence and fiery spread of nationalism, the two Arab-Israeli wars of 1967 and 1973, the Iranian Revolution, and the two Gulf Wars and beyond, including discussion of the invasion of Iraq by the United States. After tracing the consequences of these historical events for a host of political phenomena, Kamrava gives detailed attention to three pivotal issues: the challenges of economic development, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, and the question of democracy. He also examines issues that will shape the future: population growth, environmental pollution, and water scarcity.

Invisible War

The United States and the Iraq Sanctions

Author: Joy Gordon

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674035713

Category: History

Page: 359

View: 4969

The economic sanctions imposed on Iraq from 1990 to 2003 were the most comprehensive and devastating of any established in the name of international governance. In a sharp indictment of U.S. policy, Joy Gordon examines the key role the nation played in shaping the sanctions, whose harsh strictures resulted in part from U.S. definitions of dual use and weapons of mass destruction, and claims that everything from water pipes to child vaccines could produce weapons. Provocative and sure to stir debate, this book lays bare the damage that can be done by unchecked power in our institutions of international governance."

Politics and Strategy of Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East, The

Opacity, Theory, and Reality, 1960-1991 -- An Israeli Perspective

Author: Shlomo Aronson

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791495345

Category: History

Page: 398

View: 3067

Based on research from an array of American, Arab, British, French, German, and Israeli sources, this book provides a nuclear history of the world’s most explosive region. Most significantly, it gives an exposition of Israel’s acquisition and political use, or nonuse, of nuclear weapons as a central factor of its foreign policy in the 1960-1991 period. In stressing the factor of nuclear weapons, the author highlights an often-neglected aspect of Israeli security policy. This is the first interpretation of the historical development of nuclear doctrine in the Middle East that assesses the strategic implications of opacity—Israel’s use of suggestion, rather than open acknowledgment, that it possesses nuclear weapons. Aronson discusses the strategic thinking of Israel, the Arab countries, the U.S., the former Soviet Union, and other countries and connects Israeli strategies for war, peace, territories, and the political economy with the use of nuclear deterrence. The author approaches the development of Israeli doctrines on nuclear weapons and defense in general within a large matrix that includes the United States; Israeli perceptions of Arab history, culture, and psychology; and Israeli perceptions of Israel’s own history, culture, and psychology. He also deals with Arab perceptions of Israel’s nuclear program and with Arab and Iranian incentives to go nuclear. In addition, he discusses at length the importance of nuclear factors in the conduct of the Persian Gulf War and examines the implications of the decline of the former Soviet Union for arms control and peace in the Middle East.