Platforms, Content Moderation, and the Hidden Decisions That Shape Social Media
Author: Tarleton Gillespie
Publisher: Yale University Press
A revealing and gripping investigation into how social media platforms police what we post online—and the large societal impact of these decisions Most users want their Twitter feed, Facebook page, and YouTube comments to be free of harassment and porn. Whether faced with “fake news” or livestreamed violence, “content moderators”—who censor or promote user†‘posted content—have never been more important. This is especially true when the tools that social media platforms use to curb trolling, ban hate speech, and censor pornography can also silence the speech you need to hear. In this revealing and nuanced exploration, award†‘winning sociologist and cultural observer Tarleton Gillespie provides an overview of current social media practices and explains the underlying rationales for how, when, and why these policies are enforced. In doing so, Gillespie highlights that content moderation receives too little public scrutiny even as it is shapes social norms and creates consequences for public discourse, cultural production, and the fabric of society. Based on interviews with content moderators, creators, and consumers, this accessible, timely book is a must†‘read for anyone who’s ever clicked “like” or “retweet.”
Author: Janet Abbate
Publisher: MIT Press
Since the late 1960s the Internet has grown from a single experimental network serving a dozen sites in the United States to a network of networks linking millions of computers worldwide. In Inventing the Internet, Janet Abbate recounts the key players and technologies that allowed the Internet to develop; but her main focus is always on the social and cultural factors that influenced the Internets design and use. The story she unfolds is an often twisting tale of collaboration and conflict among a remarkable variety of players, including government and military agencies, computer scientists in academia and industry, graduate students, telecommunications companies, standards organizations, and network users.The story starts with the early networking breakthroughs formulated in Cold War think tanks and realized in the Defense Department's creation of the ARPANET. It ends with the emergence of the Internet and its rapid and seemingly chaotic growth. Abbate looks at how academic and military influences and attitudes shaped both networks; how the usual lines between producer and user of a technology were crossed with interesting and unique results; and how later users invented their own very successful applications, such as electronic mail and the World Wide Web. She concludes that such applications continue the trend of decentralized, user-driven development that has characterized the Internet's entire history and that the key to the Internet's success has been a commitment to flexibility and diversity, both in technical design and in organizational culture.
Author: Patricia Wallace
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Delves into the psychological aspects of the virtual world to understand why humans often behave differently in cyberspace.
Author: Sandra Weber
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
The Internet has transformed the way people across the globe work, interact, learn, and even shop. An individual can now connect to the world with just a click of the mouse.
An Introduction to New Media
Author: Lelia Green
Category: Social Science
Life without the internet, a very new technology, seems almost unimaginable for most people in western nations. Today the internet is intrinsic to media and communications, entertainment, politics, defence, business, banking, education and administrative systems as well as to social interaction. The Internet disentangles this extraordinarily complex information and communication technology from its place in our daily lives, allowing it to be examined anew. Technology has historically been shaped by governmental, military and commercial requirements, but the development of the internet is increasingly driven by its users. YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, Flickr and many other emerging applications are shifting the way we express ourselves, communicate with our friends, and even engage with global politics. At the same time three-quarters of the world's population remain effectively excluded from the internet. Packed with case studies drawn from around the world, The Internet presents a clear and up-to-date introduction to the social, cultural, technological and political worlds this new media form is creating.
A Journey to the Center of the Internet
Author: Andrew Blum
Publisher: Harper Collins
Category: Technology & Engineering
Everybody knows that the Internet is the most powerful information network ever conceived. It is a gateway to information, a messenger of love and a fountain of riches and distraction. We are all connected now, but connected to what? In Tubes, acclaimed young journalist Andrew Blum takes readers on a fascinating journey to find out. As Blum writes, the Internet is tangible: it fills buildings, converges in some places in the world and avoids others, and it flows through tubes—along train lines and highways, and under oceans. You can map it, smell it and see it. As Tom Vanderbilt does in his bestselling Traffic, Blum goes behind the scenes of our everyday lives and combines first-rate reporting and engaging explanation into a fast-paced quest to explain the world in which we live. The room in Los Angeles where the Internet was born; the busy hub in downtown Toronto that links Canada with the world; a new undersea cable that connects West Africa and Europe; and the Great Pyramids of our time, the monumental data centres that Google and Facebook have built in the wilds of Oregon—Blum visits them all to chronicle the dramatic story of the Internet’s development and explain how it all works.
Author: Peter Ferdinand
Category: Political Science
The Internet is transforming relations between states and citizens. This study gives examples of how it is creating new political communities at various levels, both in democracies and authoritarian regimes. It is also used by marginalized anti-democratic groups such as neo-Nazis.
Author: Lisa Nakamura,Peter Chow-White
Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE
"Digital media technologies like the Internet create and host the social networks, virtual worlds, online communities, and media texts where it was once thought that we would all be the same, anonymous users with infinite powers. Instead, the essays in Race After the Internet show us that the Internet and other computer-based technologies are complex topographies of power and privilege, made up of walled gardens, new (plat)forms of economic and technological exclusion, and both new and old styles of race as code, interaction, and image. Investigating how racialization and racism are changing in web 2.0 digital media culture, Race After the Internet contains interdisciplinary essays on the shifting terrain of racial identity and its connections to digital media, including Facebook and MySpace, YouTube and viral video, WiFi infrastructure, the One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) program, genetic ancestry testing, DNA databases in health and law enforcement, and popular online games like World of Warcraft. Ultimately, the collection broadens the definition of the "digital divide" in order to convey a more nuanced understanding of usage, meaning, participation, and production of digital media technology in light of racial inequality."--
Inside and Out
Author: Michael Eck
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
This book takes a deeper look at the inner workings and mechanics of the Internet. From protocols to fiber optic cable to how e-mail works, this book truly shows the internet from the inside out. Not only does it focus on the technology, it covers the social impact of the Internet and how it could continue to change the way we interact as a society.
Author: Nicholas Carr
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Finalist for the 2011 Pulitzer Prize in General Nonfiction: “Nicholas Carr has written a Silent Spring for the literary mind.”—Michael Agger, Slate “Is Google making us stupid?” When Nicholas Carr posed that question, in a celebrated Atlantic Monthly cover story, he tapped into a well of anxiety about how the Internet is changing us. He also crystallized one of the most important debates of our time: As we enjoy the Net’s bounties, are we sacrificing our ability to read and think deeply? Now, Carr expands his argument into the most compelling exploration of the Internet’s intellectual and cultural consequences yet published. As he describes how human thought has been shaped through the centuries by “tools of the mind”—from the alphabet to maps, to the printing press, the clock, and the computer—Carr interweaves a fascinating account of recent discoveries in neuroscience by such pioneers as Michael Merzenich and Eric Kandel. Our brains, the historical and scientific evidence reveals, change in response to our experiences. The technologies we use to find, store, and share information can literally reroute our neural pathways. Building on the insights of thinkers from Plato to McLuhan, Carr makes a convincing case that every information technology carries an intellectual ethic—a set of assumptions about the nature of knowledge and intelligence. He explains how the printed book served to focus our attention, promoting deep and creative thought. In stark contrast, the Internet encourages the rapid, distracted sampling of small bits of information from many sources. Its ethic is that of the industrialist, an ethic of speed and efficiency, of optimized production and consumption—and now the Net is remaking us in its own image. We are becoming ever more adept at scanning and skimming, but what we are losing is our capacity for concentration, contemplation, and reflection. Part intellectual history, part popular science, and part cultural criticism, The Shallows sparkles with memorable vignettes—Friedrich Nietzsche wrestling with a typewriter, Sigmund Freud dissecting the brains of sea creatures, Nathaniel Hawthorne contemplating the thunderous approach of a steam locomotive—even as it plumbs profound questions about the state of our modern psyche. This is a book that will forever alter the way we think about media and our minds.
Author: Jason Whittaker
Publisher: Psychology Press
The Internet: The Basics provides a concise and clearly written introduction to the study of the internet. Covering its practical application as a tool for research, as well as issues for communicating and designing for the web, this book also questions the ways in which the internet has changed our cultures, societies and identities. The areas covered in this book include: * the history and development of the internet * how it works * how to use it for research and communication * advice on good design practice for the web * how regulation is changing to deal with the new media, as well as questions of ethics * how the internet is changing our social, political, psychological and economic relations with others. The Internet: The Basics is a non-technical, comprehensive guide to the internet, covering all aspects of the medium and its cultural and practical effects that will be of interest to anyone thinking of studying the subject.
A Sourcebook on the History of Information Technology
Author: Jeremy M. Norman
Publisher: Norman Publishing
From Gutenberg to the Internet presents 63 original readings from the history of computing, networking, and telecommunications arranged thematically by chapters. Most of the readings record basic discoveries from the 1830s through the 1960s that laid the foundation of the world of digital information in which we live. These readings, some of which are illustrated, trace historic steps from the early nineteenth century development of telegraph systems---the first data networks---through the development of the earliest general-purpose programmable computers and the earliest software, to the foundation in 1969 of ARPANET, the first national computer network that eventually became the Internet. The readings will allow you to review early developments and ideas in the history of information technology that eventually led to the convergence of computing, data networking, and telecommunications in the Internet. The editor has written a lengthy illustrated historical introduction concerning the impact of the Internet on book culture. It compares and contrasts the transition from manuscript to print initiated by Gutenberg's invention of printing by moveable type in the 15th century with the transition that began in the mid-19th century from a print-centric world to the present world in which printing co-exists with various electronic media that converged to form the Internet. He also provided a comprehensive and wide-ranging annotated timeline covering selected developments in the history of information technology from the year 100 up to 2004, and supplied introductory notes to each reading. Some introductory notes contain supplementary illustrations.
The Origins Of The Internet
Author: Matthew Lyon,Katie Hafner
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Category: Social Science
Twenty five years ago, it didn't exist. Today, twenty million people worldwide are surfing the Net. Where Wizards Stay Up Late is the exciting story of the pioneers responsible for creating the most talked about, most influential, and most far-reaching communications breakthrough since the invention of the telephone. In the 1960's, when computers where regarded as mere giant calculators, J.C.R. Licklider at MIT saw them as the ultimate communications devices. With Defense Department funds, he and a band of visionary computer whizzes began work on a nationwide, interlocking network of computers. Taking readers behind the scenes, Where Wizards Stay Up Late captures the hard work, genius, and happy accidents of their daring, stunningly successful venture.
Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society
Author: Manuel Castells
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Category: Business & Economics
Castells helps us understand how the Internet came into being and how it is affecting every area of human life. This guide reveals the Internet's huge capacity to liberate, but also its possibility to exclude those who do not have access to it.
Author: Samuel Greengard
Publisher: MIT Press
A guided tour through the Internet of Things, a networked world of connected devices, objects, and people that is changing the way we live and work.
The Impact on Our Lives
Author: Ian Graham
Explores the issues and controveries surrounding the Internet, including censorship and privacy.
Author: Andrew Keen
Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic
Category: Business & Economics
The renowned Internet commentator and author of How to Fix the Future“expos[es] the greed, egotism and narcissism that fuels the tech world” (Chicago Tribune). The Digital Revolution has contributed to the world in many positive ways, but we are less aware of the Internet’s deeply negative effects. The Internet Is Not the Answer, by longtime Internet skeptic Andrew Keen, offers a comprehensive look at what the Internet is doing to our lives. The book traces the technological and economic history of the Internet, from its founding in the 1960s through the rise of big data companies to the increasing attempts to monetize almost every human activity. In this sharp, witty narrative, informed by the work of other writers, reporters, and academics, as well as his own research and interviews, Keen shows us the tech world, warts and all. Startling and important, The Internet Is Not the Answer is a big-picture look at what the Internet is doing to our society and an investigation of what we can do to try to make sure the decisions we are making about the reconfiguring of our world do not lead to unpleasant, unforeseen aftershocks. “Andrew Keen has written a very powerful and daring manifesto questioning whether the Internet lives up to its own espoused values. He is not an opponent of Internet culture, he is its conscience, and must be heard.” —Po Bronson, #1 New York Times–bestselling author
Author: Scott Windeatt,David Hardisty,David Eastment
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This book offers activities based around the Internet, including searching on the Web, creating language-learning material, and communicating using the Internet. The Website: www.oup.com/elt.rbt.internet will provide regular updates to the book.
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A revealing insight into the language of the Internet, looking at e-mail, chat, the Web, instant messaging and blogging.
A USER’S GUIDE
Author: K. L. JAMES
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
In this new era, the Internet has changed the ways of doing business activities, learning methods, teaching strategy, communication styles and social networking. This book attempts to answer and solve all the mysteries entangled with the Web world. Now in its second edition, the book discusses all the updated topics related to the Internet. Beginning with an overview of the Internet, the book sails through the evolution and growth of the Internet, its working, hardware and software requirements, protocols used, e-mail techniques, various Internet security threats and the methods of using and configuring different security solutions, file transfer methods and several other Internet services with all the details illustrated through live screenshots. Presented in a simple yet engaging style and cogent language, this book will be useful for any course introducing students to the Internet or where the Internet is a part of the curriculum. It will also immensely benefit all those who are interested in developing the necessary skills to use the Internet. WHAT IS NEW TO THIS EDITION : Chapters on Internet Telephony and Web Conferencing, Blogs and Social Networking Inclusion of topics such as Web 2.0, Web 3.0 technologies, IPv6, VoIP, Wikis, SMS and Blogs Detailed features of the newest Internet tools and software applications including open-source, free and cross-platform types Comprehensive and updated Internet dictionary acquainting with the Web world terminologies