Lost Capital of Byzantium

The History of Mistra and the Peloponnese

Author: Steven Runciman

Publisher: Tauris Parke Paperbacks

ISBN: 085771810X

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 7772

Clinging to a rugged hillside in the lush valley of Sparta lies Mistra, one of the most dramatically beautiful Byzantine cities in Greece, a place steeped in history, myth and romance. Following the Frankish conquest of the Peloponnese in the 13th century, William II of Villehardouin built a great castle on a hill near Sparta that later came to be known as Mistra. Ten years later, in a battle in northern Greece, Villehardouin was defeated and captured by the Byzantine Emperor. The terms for his release included giving Mistra to the Byzantine Greeks. Under their rule, the city flourished, harbouring the people of Sparta during the wars between the Franks and the Greeks, and eventually became the capital of the Peloponnese. It developed into a centre of learning and the arts and was a focal point for the cultural development of Europe. Mistra fell to the, Ottomans when the Byzantine empire collapsed, was later half-destroyed by the Albanians in the 18th century and finally devastated by Ibrahim Pasha during the Greek War of Independence. Sir Steven Runciman, one of the most distinguished historians of the Byzantine period, travelled to Mistra on numerous occasions and became enchanted with the place. Now published in paperback for the first time, Lost City of Byzantium tells the story of this once-great city - its rise and fall and its place in the history of the Peloponnese and the Byzantine empire.

Mani

Reisen auf der südlichen Peloponnes

Author: Patrick Leigh Fermor

Publisher: Dörlemann eBook

ISBN: 3908778050

Category: Fiction

Page: 480

View: 4377

Sommer 1952. Als Patrick Leigh Fermor 37-jährig über das Taygetos-Gebirge in das bitterschöne Land der Manioten bis an den südlichsten Zipfel der Peloponnes wandert, ist er in seiner Heimat bereits ein Kultautor. "Es gibt kaum einen Fels oder Bach, zu dem es keine Schlacht und keinen Mythos gibt, kein Wunder, keinen Aberglauben, keine Geschichte... Meine Streifzüge durch Griechenland gelten den entlegensten Landstrichen, denn dort findet man, wonach ich suche." Gerade in der rauen, vom übrigen Griechenland durch den Taygetos abgeschnittenen Mani wittert Fermor Lebensformen und Bräuche, die direkt aus dem untergegangenen Byzanz oder dem mythischen Altertum zu kommen scheinen. So findet sich in der aus dem Stegreif gesungenen Totenklage, wenn die Sängerin sich die Haare rauft, Andromaches Trauer um Hektor wieder.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium

Author: John H. Rosser

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 0810875675

Category: History

Page: 591

View: 6403

The Byzantine Empire dates back to Constantine the Great, the first Christian ruler of the Roman Empire, who, in 330 AD, moved the imperial capital from Rome to a port city in modern-day Turkey, which he then renamed Constantinople in his honor. From its founding, the Byzantine Empire was a major anchor of east-west trade, and culture, art, architecture, and the economy all prospered in the newly Christian empire. As Byzantium moved into the middle and late period, Greek became the official language of both church and state and the Empire's cultural and religious influence extended well beyond its boundaries. In the mid-15th century, the Ottoman Turks put an end to 1,100 years of Byzantine history by capturing Constantinople, but the Empire's legacy in art, culture, and religion endured long after its fall. In this revised and updated second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Byzantium, author John H. Rosser introduces both the general reader and the researcher to the history of the Byzantine Empire. This comprehensive dictionary includes detailed, alphabetical entries on key figures, ideas, places, and themes related to Byzantine art, history, and religion, and the second edition contains numerous additional entries on broad topics such as transportation and gender, which were less prominent in the previous edition. An expanded introduction introduces the reader to Byzantium and a guide to further sources and suggested readings can be found in the extensive bibliography that follows the entries. A basic chronology and various maps and illustrations are also included in the dictionary. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Byzantium.

Byzantine Art and Renaissance Europe

Author: Angeliki Lymberopoulou,Rembrandt Duits

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409420385

Category: Art

Page: 195

View: 4784

Byzantine Art and Renaissance Europe discusses the cultural and artistic interaction between the Byzantine east and western Europe, from the sack of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204 to the flourishing of post-Byzantine artistic workshops on Venetian Crete during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and the formation of icon collections in Renaissance Italy. The contributors examine the routes by which artistic interaction may have taken place, and explore the reception of Byzantine art in western Europe, analysing why artists and patrons were interested in ideas from the other side of the cultural and religious divide. The book offers new perspectives and insights and re-positions late- and post- Byzantine art in a broader European cultural context.

The Eagle has Two Faces

Journeys through Byzantine Europe

Author: Alex Billinis

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781456778712

Category: Art

Page: 160

View: 2928

The Double Headed Eagle, the symbol of the Late Byzantine Empire, speaks eloquently to the worldview of the Byzantines, whose Empire looked both to the East and to the West, but never was—or is—really part of either. At its apogee, the Byzantine Empire was the highest civilization in Europe—the Center. This Double Headed Eagle is cherished by the Balkan Orthodox successors to Byzantium, and versions of it grace the national flags of Serbia, Montenegro, and even Albania. Encroached upon by both the Muslim East and the Catholic West, the Byzantine Eagle succumbed, only to emerge, in a state of arrested development, after several hundred years of Turkish or Western Catholic rule. This stunted progression emerges time and again in the civic culture, architecture, economics, and politics of the region, and has direct relevance on political and economic issues today, including Greece’s present financial malaise, and the breakup of Yugoslavia in the 1990s. Traveling through this Ex-Byzantine zone, Billinis offers history, architecture, personal experiences, and numerous anecdotes to expound on key central themes. First, that the Balkan Orthodox nations form a common culture and virtual commonwealth, while still maintaining ethnic, geographical, and linguistic diversity. Without understanding this common Byzantine base, it is impossible to appreciate and to understand the region. Second, the common experience of Turkish rule, while preserving Byzantine culture and insulating the Orthodox religion from Catholic encroachment, did so by cutting off Byzantine Europe from economic, political, cultural, and civic development in progress in Western Europe. The states that emerged from this condition were—and are—ill prepared to contribute and to compete in modern Europe, and in a globalized world. Finally, throughout, there is a sense that history, rather than linear, runs in a circular form, and that history once again encroaches on the lands of the Double Headed Eagle.

Strategika

Author: Polyainos

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 311053746X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 720

View: 2384

Polyainos schrieb für die römischen Kaiser ein Werk über Stragetika, über strategische Tricks. Er sammelt dazu aus der ganzen antiken Geschichte Beispiele dafür, wie durch den Einsatz von Überredung und Überraschung, von Werbung und Angstmachen, aber auch von List und Tücke Erfolge möglich wurden. So bietet das Werk einen einmaligen Einblick in das antike Denken und zugleich viele hundert strategische Tricks nicht nur von Männern, sondern auch von Frauen – und heute nicht nur für Schiffs-, sondern auch für Wirtschaftskapitäne.

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization

Author: Simon Hornblower,Antony Spawforth,Esther Eidinow

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191016764

Category: History

Page: 912

View: 2957

What did the ancient Greeks eat and drink? What role did migration play? Why was emperor Nero popular with the ordinary people but less so with the upper classes? Why (according to ancient authors) was Oedipus ('with swollen foot') so called? For over 2,000 years the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome have captivated our collective imagination and provided inspiration for so many aspects of our lives, from culture, literature, drama, cinema, and television to society, education, and politics. Many of the roots of the way life is lived in the West today can be traced to the ancient civilizations, not only in politics, law, technology, philosophy, and science, but also in social and family life, language, and art. Beautiful illustrations, clear and authoritative entries, and a useful chronology and bibliography make this Companion the perfect guide for readers interested in learning more about the Graeco-Roman world. As well as providing sound information on all aspects of classical civilization such as history, politics, ethics, morals, law, society, religion, mythology, science and technology, language, literature, art, and scholarship, the entries in the Companion reflect the changing interdisciplinary aspects of classical studies, covering broad thematic subjects, such as race, nationalism, gender, ethics, and ecology, confirming the impact classical civilizations have had on the modern world.

Encyclopedia of Monasticism

Author: William M. Johnston

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113678716X

Category: Reference

Page: 2000

View: 3158

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Mediaeval Greece

Author: Nicolas Cheetham

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300105391

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4314

The history of Greece between the collapse of the Roman Empire and the birth of the modern Greek state is for most people an historical blank. Specialist studies are not lacking, but unlike the other Mediterranean lands that have been the subject of many recent books, there has been no general history of mediaeval Greece published in English since 1908. This book is an attempt to fill the gap. The history of Greece in this period offers a long series of human dramas played out among clashes and contrasts between races, cultures, and religions; between Greeks and Slavs; between Frenchmen, Italians, Catalans, and Turks; between the Orthodox, the Catholic, and the Moslem faiths; between the old order and audacious intruders. Western knights jousted among the ruins of antiquity, and Venetian and Turkish galleys fought each other throughout the Aegean. After an introductory account of the Dark Age invasions of Goths and Slavs and of the survival and reestablishment of the Greek identity under Byzantine rule, Nicolas Cheetham discusses the Frankish domination of Greece after the Fourth Crusade (1204) when Frenchmen and Italians divided Greece between them and set up rival feudal dynasties. The book describes how princes from Champagne, dukes from Burgundy, Catalan adventurers, and Florentine bankers ruled in the Peloponnese and at Athens, and how the Greeks led by Palaeologus and Cantacuzeno from Byzantium reconquered the country, only to lose it again to the Turks. This book illuminates a long but hitherto little known period in the history of one of Europe's most intensively studied countries.

George Gemistos Plethon

The Last of the Hellenes

Author: Christopher Montague Woodhouse,George Gemistus Plethon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic books

Page: 391

View: 3560

This study of the Byzantine philosopher George Gemistos Plethon includes the first complete translation of his treatise, On the Differences of Aristotle from Plato, and summarizes all his other works. Woodhouse emphasizes Plethon's controversy with George Scholarios on the respective merits of Plato and Aristotle and his important impact on the Italian humanists during the Council of Union at Ferrara and Florence in 1438-9. Though Plethon's ambition to create a new religion based on Neoplatonism was never realized, his ideas had a significant influence on the western Renaissance.

History

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 1463

Byzantinische Geschichte

324 - 1453

Author: Georgije Ostrogorski

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406397592

Category: Byzantine Empire

Page: 569

View: 7238

Greece

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Travel

Page: 800

View: 7463

Discusses the history and culture of Greece and recommends accommodations, restaurants, and attractions.

Das antike Persien

von 550 v. Chr. bis 650 n. Chr

Author: Josef Wiesehöfer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783491961517

Category:

Page: 426

View: 5541

Der Palast der Träume

Roman

Author: Ismail Kadare

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596157624

Category: Albanian fiction

Page: 222

View: 933