The Machinery of Criminal Justice

Author: Stephanos Bibas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195374681

Category: Law

Page: 285

View: 6891

The Machinery of Criminal Justice explores the transformation of the criminal justice system and considers how criminal justice could better accommodate lay participation, values, and relationships.

The Machinery of Justice in England

Author: R. M. Jackson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107594782

Category: Law

Page: 470

View: 2276

First published in 1964, as the fourth edition of a 1940 original, this book presents an account regarding law courts and the administration of justice in England. In opposition to other more clinical approaches to the subject, the text takes the view that 'The best introduction to law is a study of the institutions and environment in which lawyers work.' Notes are incorporated throughout. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in British legal history and the administrative side of law.

Zwischen mir und der Welt

Author: Ta-Nehisi Coates

Publisher: Hanser Berlin

ISBN: 3446251952

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 1686

Wenn in den USA schwarze Teenager von Polizisten ermordet werden, ist das nur ein Problem von individueller Verfehlung? Nein, denn rassistische Gewalt ist fest eingewebt in die amerikanische Identität – sie ist das, worauf das Land gebaut ist. Afroamerikaner besorgten als Sklaven seinen Reichtum und sterben als freie Bürger auf seinen Straßen. In seinem schmerzhaften, leidenschaftlichen Manifest verdichtet Ta-Nehisi Coates amerikanische und persönliche Geschichte zu einem Appell an sein Land, sich endlich seiner Vergangenheit zu stellen. Sein Buch wurde in den USA zum Nr.-1-Bestseller und ist schon jetzt ein Klassiker, auf den sich zukünftig alle Debatten um Rassismus beziehen werden.

The Brain

Die Geschichte von dir

Author: David Eagleman

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641183154

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 7635

Unterhaltend und fundiert: Ein Pageturner über die Hirnforschung Die Hirnforschung macht rasante Fortschritte, aber nur selten treten wir einen Schritt zurück und fragen uns, was es heißt, ein Lebewesen und Mensch zu sein. Der renommierte Neurowissenschaftler David Eagleman nimmt uns mit auf die Reise durch das Gewirr aus Milliarden von Hirnzellen und Billionen von Synapsen – und zu uns selbst. Das sonderbare Rechengewebe in unserem Schädel ist der Apparat, mit dem wir uns in der Welt orientieren, Entscheidungen treffen und Vorstellungen entwickeln. Seine unendlich vielen Zellen bringen unser Bewusstsein und unsere Träume hervor. In diesem Buch baut Bestsellerautor David Eagleman eine Brücke zwischen der Hirnforschung und uns, den Besitzern eines Gehirns. Er hilft uns, uns selbst zu verstehen. Denn ein besseres Verständnis unseres inneren Kosmos wirft auch ein neues Licht auf unsere persönlichen Beziehungen und unser gesellschaftliches Zusammenleben: wie wir unser Leben lenken, warum wir lieben, was wir für wahr halten, wie wir unsere Kinder erziehen, wie wir unsere Gesellschaftspolitik verbessern und wie wir den menschlichen Körper auf die kommenden Jahrhunderte vorbereiten können.

Criminal Justice in America

Author: Roscoe Pound

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351288822

Category: Law

Page: 236

View: 2952

Roscoe Pound believed that unless the criminal justice system maintains stability while adapting to change, it will either fossilize or be subject to the whims of public opinion. In Criminal Justice in America, Pound recognizes the dangers law faces when it does not keep pace with societal change. When the home, neighborhood, and religion are no longer capable of social control, increased conflicts arise, laws proliferate, and new menaces wrought by technology, drugs, and juvenile delinquency flourish. Where Pound saw the influence of the motion pictures as part of the "multiplication of the agencies of menace," today we might cite television and the Internet. His point still holds true: The "old machinery" cannot meet the evolving needs of society. In Criminal Justice in America,Pound points out that one aspect of the criminal justice problem is a rigid mechanical approach that resists change. The other dimension of the problem is that change, when it comes, will result from the pressure of public opinion. Justice suffers when the public is moved by the oldest of public feelings, vengeance. This can result in citizens taking the law into their own hands--from tax evasion to mob lynchings--as well as in altering the judicial system--from sensationalizing trials to producing wrongful convictions. Ron Christenson, in his new introduction, discusses the evolution of Roscoe Pound's career and thought. Pound's theories on jurisprudence were remarkably prescient. They continue to gain resonance as crimes become more and more sensationalized by the media.Criminal Justice in America is a fascinating study that should be read by legal scholars and professionals, sociologists, political theorists, and philosophers.

Rebooting Justice

More Technology, Fewer Lawyers, and the Future of Law

Author: Benjamin H. Barton,Stephanos Bibas

Publisher: Encounter Books

ISBN: 1594039348

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 945

America is a nation founded on justice and the rule of law. But our laws are too complex, and legal advice too expensive, for poor and even middle-class Americans to get help and vindicate their rights. Criminal defendants facing jail time may receive an appointed lawyer who is juggling hundreds of cases and immediately urges them to plead guilty. Civil litigants are even worse off; usually, they get no help at all navigating the maze of technical procedures and rules. The same is true of those seeking legal advice, like planning a will or negotiating an employment contract. Rebooting Justice presents a novel response to longstanding problems. The answer is to use technology and procedural innovation to simplify and change the process itself. In the civil and criminal courts where ordinary Americans appear the most, we should streamline complex procedures and assume that parties will not have a lawyer, rather than the other way around. We need a cheaper, simpler, faster justice system to control costs. We cannot untie the Gordian knot by adding more strands of rope; we need to cut it, to simplify it.

Jackson's Machinery of Justice

Author: Richard Meredith Jackson,J. R. Spencer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521317672

Category: Law

Page: 543

View: 6550

Jackson's classic text has been revised and updated for the times.

The creation of the Ministry of Justice

sixth report of session 2006-07, report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Constitutional Affairs Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780215035608

Category: Political Science

Page: 47

View: 2921

The creation of the Ministry of Justice made significant changes to the Lord Chancellor's responsibilities, which may affect, in practice or public perception, the core responsibility of being the guardian of judicial independence. This report looks at the way these changes were made and finds the Government underestimated the significance of the changes it announced. The lack of sufficient consultation led to a public conflict between the senior judiciary and the previous Lord Chancellor, which could have been avoided if the lessons from the way changes to the Lord Chancellor's office were announced and effected between 2003 and 2005 had been learnt.

Servant of the Crown

A Civil Servant’s Story of Criminal Justice and Public Service Reform

Author: David Faulkner

Publisher: Waterside Press

ISBN: 1909976024

Category: Law

Page: 208

View: 4112

Servant of the Crown takes the reader inside Whitehall to see how issues of the day were handled and policies formed as the author progressed to working alongside Home Secretaries and other senior politicians. Charting high profile events and everyday activities, it covers government’s approaches towards political, strategic and operational situations, looking also at traditions of public service and freedom under the law. Centrally the book discusses the relationship between civil servants and ministers; also with judges, magistrates and criminal justice services across a 30-year time frame (from the late-1950s to the early-1990s). It includes an explanation of the author’s understanding of a civil servant’s duty as a servant of the Crown, historically and in a world where public services have become increasingly subject to political intervention. The book is illustrated by examples of the interaction between political and professional points of view, covering situations familiar to the police, courts and correctional services. Equally it will be of interest to students of government, especially those concerned with how policy is formulated in answer to the immediacy of political events or the continuum of knowledge and experiences of civil servants (whichever administration is in power). With a Foreword by the Rt Hon Sir John Chilcot, GCB. ‘Raises crucial questions about … the proper roles of civil servants and politicians’: Professor Rob Canton. ‘Enriches our understanding’: Professor David Downes. ‘Anyone interested in the state and its relationship to citizens should read [this book]’: Professor Graham Towl. ‘A uniquely rewarding book’: John Chilcot.

Disciplines, Disasters and Emergency Management

The Convergence and Divergence of Concepts, Issues and Trends from the Research Literature

Author: David A. McEntire

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 0398085331

Category: Crisis management

Page: 371

View: 9533

Disasters such as the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the Indian Ocean Tsunami, and Hurricane Katrina illustrate the salience and complexity of disasters. Both scholars and practitioners therefore agree that we must take a more proactive and holistic approach to emergency management, which should logically be derived from a sound understanding of the academic literature and the most pressing concerns facing professionals in the field today. Disciplines, Disasters and Emergency Management reviews what is known about catastrophic events from the standpoint of various academic areas of study. The introdu.

Crime in England 1815-1880

Experiencing the criminal justice system

Author: Helen Johnston

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317669347

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 8724

Crime in England, 1815-1880 provides a unique insight into views on crime and criminality and the operation of the criminal justice system in England from the early to the late nineteenth century. This book examines the perceived problem and causes of crime, views about offenders and the consequences of these views for the treatment of offenders in the criminal justice system. The book explores the perceived causes of criminality, as well as concerns about particular groups of offenders, such as the 'criminal classes' and the 'habitual offender', the female offender and the juvenile criminal. It also considers the development of policing, the systems of capital punishment and the transportation of offenders overseas, as well as the evolution of both local and convict prison systems. The discussion primarily investigates those who were drawn into the criminal justice system and the attitudes towards and mechanisms to address crime and offenders. The book draws together original research by the author to locate these broader developments and provides detailed case studies illuminating the lives of those who experienced the criminal justice system and how these changes were experienced in provincial England. With an emphasis on the penal system and case studies on offenders' lives and on provincial criminal justice, this book will be useful to academics and students interested in criminal justice, history and penology, as well as being of interest to the general reader.

Miscarriages of Justice

A Review of Justice in Error

Author: Clive Walker

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 1854316877

Category: Civil rights

Page: 402

View: 2306

The authors examine the various steps within the criminal justice system which have resulted in the conviction of the innocent, and suggest remedies as to how miscarriages might be avoided in the future. The contributors comprise academics, campaigners and practitioners.

Prisoner Reentry in the Era of Mass Incarceration

Author: Daniel P. Mears,Joshua C. Cochran

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 148331670X

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 8653

Understanding and Improving Prisoner Reentry Outcomes Prisoner Reentry is an engaging and comprehensive examination of prisoner reentry and how to improve public safety, well-being, and justice in the “era of mass incarceration.” Renowned authors Daniel P. Mears and Joshua C. Cochran investigate historical trends in incarceration and punishment policy, the salience of in-prison and post-prison contexts and experiences for reentry, and the importance of understanding group differences in offending, punishment, and social context. Using extensive reliance on both theory and empirical research, the authors identify how reentry reflects criminal justice policy in America and, at the same time, has profound implications for crime prevention and justice. Readers will develop a diverse foundation for current policies, identify the implications of reentry for families, community, and society at large, and gain a conceptual and empirical toolkit for analyzing and improving the lives of those released from prison.

Law and Evidence: A Primer for Criminal Justice, Criminology, Law and Legal Studies

Author: Charles P. Nemeth

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449666337

Category: Law

Page: 340

View: 4926

"Law and Evidence: A Primer for Criminal Justice, Criminology, Law and Legal Studies, Second Edition," introduces the complex topics of evidence law in a straightforward and accessible manner. The use and function of criminal evidence and civil evidence in cases is examined to offer a complete understanding of how evidence principles play out in the real world of litigation and advocacy. This revised Second Edition includes new sections on Rules and Case Law Analysis, Forensic Cases, and Evidentiary Software Programs. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

The Life of the Law

Proceedings of the Tenth British Legal History Conference, Oxford, 1991

Author: Peter Birks

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781852851026

Category: Law

Page: 267

View: 1662

Foundational Texts in Modern Criminal Law

Author: Markus D Dubber

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191654620

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 4229

Foundational Texts in Modern Criminal Law presents essays in which scholars from various countries and legal systems engage critically with formative texts in criminal legal thought since Hobbes. It examines the emergence of a transnational canon of criminal law by documenting its intellectual and disciplinary history and provides a snapshot of contemporary work on criminal law within that historical and comparative context. Criminal law discourse has become, and will continue to become, more international and comparative, and in this sense global: the long-standing parochialism of criminal law scholarship and doctrine is giving way to a broad exploration of the foundations of modern criminal law. The present book advances this promising scholarly and doctrinal project by making available key texts, including several not previously available in English translation, from the common law and civil law traditions, accompanied by contributions from leading representatives of both systems.

Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice

Author: Franklin E. Zimring,David S. Tanenhaus

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479841560

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1224

This is a hopeful but complicated era for those with ambitions to reform the juvenile courts and youth-serving public institutions in the United States. As advocates plea for major reforms, many fear the public backlash in making dramatic changes. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice provides a look at the recent trends in juvenile justice as well as suggestions for reforms and policy changes in the future. Should youth be treated as adults when they break the law? How can youth be deterred from crime? What factors should be considered in how youth are punished?What role should the police have in schools? This essential volume, edited by two of the leading scholars on juvenile justice, and with contributors who are among the key experts on each issue, the volume focuses on the most pressing issues of the day: the impact of neuroscience on our understanding of brain development and subsequent sentencing, the relationship of schools and the police, the issue of the school-to-prison pipeline, the impact of immigration, the privacy of juvenile records, and the need for national policies—including registration requirements--for juvenile sex offenders. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice is not only a timely collection, based on the most current research, but also a forward-thinking volume that anticipates the needs for substantive and future changes in juvenile justice.

The Other Side of Criminology

An Inversion of the Concept of Crime

Author: Gerardus Petrus Hoefnagels

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401744955

Category: Social Science

Page: 181

View: 8240

Didactically, a textbook of criminology should start at the beginning. The learning process, also an emotional process, begins in criminology with the concepts, views, emotions, attitudes and ideas we have regarding crime and criminals. Exploration of these underlying factors is one of the aims of the present book. We can free our thinking only by being aware of the significance of our own feelings and thoughts about a phenomenon like crime. 'That is the basic problem confronting us. In scien tific thinking implicit postulates as to the sensus communis, unless recognized and 1 neutralized, grow into idols.' The fight against crime is one example of such an idol. Crimes and criminals exist only by virtue of reactions to certain forms of be havior. For this reason this book will begin by examining the reactions of society to crime. Criminology is primarily a science of others than offenders. In this sense I invert criminology. The history of criminology is not so much a history of offenders, 2 as a history of the reactions of those in power.