The Making of Informal States

Statebuilding in Northern Cyprus and Transdniestria

Author: Daria Isachenko

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230360599

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 4981

In a detailed study of the methods of statebuilding as practiced by informal states, Daria Isachenko focuses on Northern Cyprus and Transdniestria, which due to their unrecognized status occupy a politically ambiguous space within the international community, often labelled as de facto states or even weak states. This book investigates how they function under circumstances of non-recognition, using insights from political sociology to provide a conceptual framework capable of analysing the making and development of informal states. Tracing the historical trajectories of Northern Cyprus and Transdniestria towards unilateral declarations of independence, chapters explore the symbolic and economic dimensions of their statebuilding projects. Particular emphasis is placed on the effects of external support on the internal statebuilding process, challenging the assumption that these informal states are mere geopolitical pawns of their sponsors. The author instead argues that they are far from being isolated, but are active participants in international politics.

Postsowjetischer Separatismus

Die pro-russländischen Bewegungen im moldauischen Dnjestr-Tal und auf der Krim 1989-1995

Author: Jan Zofka

Publisher: Wallstein Verlag

ISBN: 3835327356

Category: History

Page: 438

View: 3940

Über die Ursprünge des aktuellen Territorialkonflikts auf dem Gebiet der ehemaligen Sowjetunion. Während in der Ukraine seit dem Frühjahr 2014 um die Region Donbass gekämpft wird und die Krim bereits unter die Kontrolle Russlands geraten ist, existieren 20 Jahre nach dem Zerfall der UdSSR auch in Moldova, Georgien und Aserbaidschan staatsähnliche Gebilde, die international nicht anerkannt sind. Jan Zofka geht zu den Ursprüngen zweier dieser Konflikte zurück und nimmt die Akteure in den Blick: die pro-russländischen Bewegungen in Transnistrien in Moldova und auf der Krim. In welchen Kontexten entstanden diese Bewegungen? Aus welchen sozialen Gruppen kamen die Beteiligten? Wie funktionierte die Rekrutierung? Der Vergleich macht trotz gravierender Unterschiede deutlich: Es waren bereits in der Zeit der Sowjetunion bestehende Netzwerke, soziale Machtstrukturen und lokale Institutionen, die die Bewegungen prägten. Das Engagement der Beteiligten hing keineswegs von einer angenommenen kollektiven Zugehörigkeit ab, wie es die verbreitete Deutung der innerstaatlichen Kriege nach 1989 als »ethnische Konflikte" suggeriert. Ausgezeichnet mit Promotionspreisen der Research Academy Leipzig und der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Osteuropakunde.

Ethnographies of the State in Central Asia

Performing Politics

Author: Madeleine Reeves,Johan Rasanayagam,Judith Beyer

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253011477

Category: Social Science

Page: 332

View: 785

With fresh and provocative insights into the everyday reality of politics in post-Soviet Central Asia, this volume moves beyond commonplaces about strong and weak states to ask critical questions about how democracy, authority, and justice are understood in this important region. In conversation with current theories of state power, the contributions draw on extensive ethnographic research in settings that range from the local to the transnational, the mundane to the spectacular, to provide a unique perspective on how politics is performed in everyday life.

Acting Like a State

Kosovo and the Everyday Making of Statehood

Author: Gëzim Visoka

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351977881

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 8693

How do emerging states obtain international recognition and secure membership of international organisations in contemporary world politics? This book provides the first in-depth study of Kosovo’s diplomatic approach to becoming a sovereign state by obtaining international recognition and securing membership of international organisations. Analysing the everyday diplomatic discourses, performances, and entanglements, this book contends that state-becoming is not wholly determined by systemic factors, normative institutions, or the preferences of great powers; the diplomatic agency of the fledgling state plays a far more important role than is generally acknowledged. Drawing on institutional ethnographic research and first-hand observations, this book argues that Kosovo’s diplomatic success in consolidating its sovereign statehood has been the situational assemblage of multiple discourses, practiced through a broad variety of performative actions, and shaped by a complex entanglement with global assemblages of norms, actors, relations, and events. Accordingly, this book contributes to expanding our understanding of the everyday diplomatic agency of emerging states and the changing norms, politics, and practices regarding the diplomatic recognition of states and their admission to international society.

War and Peace in Islam

A Critique of Islamic/ist Political Discourses

Author: SM Farid Mirbagheri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137001313

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 7493

Mirbagheri traces the revival of Islamic/ist movements, and embarks on a theoretical study of some of the fundamental concepts in Islam and International Relations such as the self, Jihad, peace and universalism. Contemporary cases of conflict in the Middle East are analysed to pose a challenge to the universalist discourse of Western liberalism.

State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East

Author: Roger Owen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134432917

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 1858

Roger Owen has fully revised and updated his authoritative text to take into account the latest developments in the Middle East. This book continues to serve as an excellent introduction for newcomers to the modern history and politics of this fascinating region. This third edition continues to explore the emergence of individual Middle Eastern states since the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War and the key themes that have characterized the region since then.

The Making of the American Nation

Or, The Rise and Decline of Oligarchy in the West

Author: J. Arthur Partridge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: United States

Page: 523

View: 1637

The UN Security Council and Informal Groups of States

Complementing Or Competing for Governance?

Author: Jochen Prantl

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199287686

Category: Political Science

Page: 299

View: 9716

This book provides the first comparative treatment of the roles of informal ad hoc groupings of states within selected conflict settings and their effects on governance in and out of the UN Security Council.Since the 1990s, informal institutions such as groups of friends, and contact or core groups have proliferated as instruments for the management of risk and conflict due to the increasing demands on the UN Security Council to adapt to the new post-cold war security environment. The perception of both the capacity and limits of the Security Council has had a catalytic effect on the creation of these ad hoc mechanisms. The substance of conflict resolution and the process of itslegitimation tend to become increasingly detached, with the former being delegated to informal groups or coalition of states, while the Security Council provides the latter. The successful merger of right process and substantive outcome may strengthen the legitimacy of the Council and make actions taken by informalinstitutions more acceptable.This book seeks to establish the importance of informal ad hoc groupings of states in the making of peace. The dynamics between informal institutions and the Security Council are closely examined in the context of conflict resolution in Namibia, El Salvador, and Kosovo. The study illustrates the changing role of the Council in the maintenance of international peace and security. The decentralization of tasks to informal groups allows the achievement of policy goals that would beunattainable in the centralized setting of formal international organizations. In effect, informal institutions are agents of incremental change.

The Making of United States International Economic Policy

Principles, Problems, and Proposals for Reform

Author: Stephen D. Cohen

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275965037

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 305

View: 340

Cohen's definitive study of the decision-making process in all sectors of U.S. international economic policy is now available in a revised, updated edition.

The Making of Global Capitalism

The Political Economy Of American Empire

Author: Sam Gindin,Leo Panitch

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1844679454

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 5477

The all-encompassing embrace of world capitalism at the beginning of the twenty-first century was generally attributed to the superiority of competitive markets. Globalization had appeared to be the natural outcome of this unstoppable process. But today, with global markets roiling and increasingly reliant on state intervention to stay afloat, it has become clear that markets and states aren’t straightforwardly opposing forces. In this groundbreaking work, Leo Panitch and Sam Gindin demonstrate the intimate relationship between modern capitalism and the American state, including its role as an “informal empire” promoting free trade and capital movements. Through a powerful historical survey, they show how the US has superintended the restructuring of other states in favor of competitive markets and coordinated the management of increasingly frequent financial crises. The Making of Global Capitalism, through its highly original analysis of the first great economic crisis of the twenty-first century, identifies the centrality of the social conflicts that occur within states rather than between them. These emerging fault lines hold out the possibility of new political movements transforming nation states and transcending global markets.

The New Politics of North Carolina

Author: Christopher A. Cooper,H. Gibbs Knotts

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469606585

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 9667

Political scientist V. O. Key in 1949 described North Carolina as a "progressive plutocracy." He argued that in the areas of industrial development, public education, and race relations, North Carolina appeared progressive when compared to other southern states. Reconsidering Key's evaluation nearly sixty years later, contributors to this volume find North Carolina losing ground as a progressive leader in the South. The "new politics" of the state involves a combination of new and old: new opportunities and challenges have forced the state to change, but the old culture still remains a powerful force. In the eleven essays collected here, leading scholars of North Carolina politics offer a systematic analysis of North Carolina's politics and policy, placed in the context of its own history as well as the politics and policies of other states. Topics discussed include the evolution of politics and political institutions; the roles of governors, the judicial branch, interest groups, and party systems; and the part played by economic development and environmental policy. Contributors also address how geography affects politics within the state, region, and nation. Designed with students and interested citizens in mind, this collection provides an excellent introduction to contemporary North Carolina politics and government. Contributors: Hunter Bacot, Elon University Christopher A. Cooper, Western Carolina University Thomas F. Eamon, East Carolina University Jack D. Fleer, Wake Forest University Dennis O. Grady, Appalachian State University Ferrel Guillory, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Sean Hildebrand, Western Carolina University Jonathan Kanipe, Town Manager, Catawba, North Carolina H. Gibbs Knotts, Western Carolina University Adam J. Newmark, Appalachian State University Charles Prysby, University of North Carolina at Greensboro Ruth Ann Strickland, Appalachian State University James H. Svara, Arizona State University Timothy Vercellotti, Rutgers University

The Making of Criminal Justice Policy

Author: Sue Hobbs,Christopher Hamerton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317755480

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 4624

This new textbook will provide students of criminology with a better understanding of criminal justice policy and, in doing so, offers a framework for analysing the social, economic and political processes that shape its creation. The book adopts a policy-oriented approach to criminal justice, connecting the study of criminology to the wider study of British government, public administration and politics. Throughout the book the focus is on key debates and competing perspectives on how policy decisions are made. Recognising that contemporary criminal justice policymakers operate in a highly politicised, public arena under the gaze of an ever-increasing variety of groups, organisations and individuals who have a stake in a particular policy issue, the book explores how and why these people seek to influence policymaking. It also recognises that criminal policy differs from other areas of public policy, as policy decisions affect the liberty and freedoms of citizens. Throughout, key ideas and debates are linked to wider sociology, criminology and social policy theory. Key features include: a foreword by Tim Newburn, leading criminologist and author of Criminology (2nd Edition, 2013), a critical and informed analysis of the concepts, ideas and institutional practices that shape criminal justice policy making, an exploration of the relationship between criminal justice and wider social policy, a critical analysis of the debate about how and why behaviour becomes defined as requiring a criminal justice solution, a range of case studies, tasks, seminar questions and suggested further readings to keep the student engaged. This text is perfect for students taking modules in criminology; criminal justice; and social and public policy, as well as those taking courses on criminal and administrative law.

Rural Protest and the Making of Democracy in Mexico, 1968-2000

Author: Dolores Trevizo

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271037881

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 8871

When the PRI fell from power in the elections of 2000, scholars looked for an explanation. Some focused on international pressures, while others pointed to recent electoral reforms. In contrast, Dolores Trevizo argues that a more complete explanation takes much earlier democratizing changes in civil society into account. Her book explores how largely rural protest movements laid the groundwork for liberalization of the electoral arena and the consolidation of support for two opposition parties, the PAN on the right and the PRD on the left, that eventually mounted a serious challenge to the PRI. She shows how youth radicalized by the 1968 showdown between the state and students in Mexico City joined forces with peasant militants in nonviolent rural protest to help bring about needed reform in the political system. In response to this political effervescence in the countryside, agribusinessmen organized in peak associations that functioned like a radical social movement. Their countermovement formulated the ideology of neoliberalism, and they were ultimately successful in mobilizing support for the PAN. Together, social movements and the opposition parties nurtured by them contributed to Mexico&’s transformation from a one-party state into a real electoral democracy nearly a hundred years after the Revolution.

Scottish Ethnicity and the Making of New Zealand Society, 1850-1930

Author: Tanja Bueltmann

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748688773

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 5104

This book makes an original contribution to the growing body of knowledge on the Scots abroad, presenting a coherent and comprehensive account of the Scottish immigrant experience in New Zealand.

The Making of the Chinese State

Ethnicity and Expansion on the Ming Borderlands

Author: Leo K. Shin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521853540

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 9885

In this well-crafted 2006 study of the relationships between the state and its borderlands, Leo Shin traces the roots of China's modern ethnic configurations to the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). Challenging the traditional view that China's expansion was primarily an exercise of incorporation and assimilation, Shin argues that as the centre extended its reach to the wild and inaccessible south, the political interests of the state, the economic needs of the settlers, and the imaginations of the cultural elites all facilitated the demarcation and categorisation of these borderland 'non-Chinese' populations. The story told here, however, extends beyond the imperial period. Just as Ming emperors considered it essential to reinforce a sense of universal order by demarcating the 'non-Chinese', modern-day Chinese rulers also find it critical to maintain the myth of a unified multi-national state by officially recognising a total of fifty-six 'nationalities'.

China's Emerging Cities

The Making of New Urbanism

Author: Fulong Wu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134117701

Category: Architecture

Page: 336

View: 7365

With urbanism becoming the key driver of socio-economic change in China, this book provides much needed up-to-date material on Chinese urban development. Demonstrating how it transcends the centrally-planned model of economic growth, and assessing the extent to which it has gone beyond the common wisdom of Chinese ‘gradualism’, the book covers a wide range of important topics, including: local land development the local state private-public partnership foreign investment urbanization ageing home ownership. Providing a clear appraisal of recent trends in Chinese urbanism, this book puts forward important new conceptual resources to fill the gap between the outdated model of the ‘Third World’ city and the globalizing cities of the West.

The Making of the European Spatial Development Perspective

No Masterplan

Author: Andreas Faludi,Bas Waterhout

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135139571

Category: Architecture

Page: 224

View: 309

The European Spatial Development Perspective (ESDP) is published in eleven official EU languages and so is the most international planning policy document that exists. This book is the only comprehensive account of the process of preparing, negotiating and adopting this document. It outlines the differing perspectives of the European member states and shows that the last thing its proponents wanted is a masterplan. The Making of the European Spatial Development Perspective is a unique book offering a snapshot of contemporary European spatial planning.