The Mathematical-Function Computation Handbook

Programming Using the MathCW Portable Software Library

Author: Nelson H.F. Beebe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319641107

Category: Computers

Page: 1115

View: 3780

This highly comprehensive handbook provides a substantial advance in the computation of elementary and special functions of mathematics, extending the function coverage of major programming languages well beyond their international standards, including full support for decimal floating-point arithmetic. Written with clarity and focusing on the C language, the work pays extensive attention to little-understood aspects of floating-point and integer arithmetic, and to software portability, as well as to important historical architectures. It extends support to a future 256-bit, floating-point format offering 70 decimal digits of precision. Select Topics and Features: references an exceptionally useful, author-maintained MathCW website, containing source code for the book’s software, compiled libraries for numerous systems, pre-built C compilers, and other related materials; offers a unique approach to covering mathematical-function computation using decimal arithmetic; provides extremely versatile appendices for interfaces to numerous other languages: Ada, C#, C++, Fortran, Java, and Pascal; presupposes only basic familiarity with computer programming in a common language, as well as early level algebra; supplies a library that readily adapts for existing scripting languages, with minimal effort; supports both binary and decimal arithmetic, in up to 10 different floating-point formats; covers a significant portion (with highly accurate implementations) of the U.S National Institute of Standards and Technology’s 10-year project to codify mathematical functions. This highly practical text/reference is an invaluable tool for advanced undergraduates, recording many lessons of the intermingled history of computer hardw are and software, numerical algorithms, and mathematics. In addition, professional numerical analysts and others will find the handbook of real interest and utility because it builds on research by the mathematical software community over the last four decades.

The Mathematical-Function Computation Handbook

Programming Using the MathCW Portable Software Library

Author: Nelson H.F. Beebe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319641096

Category: Computers

Page: 1115

View: 7273

This highly comprehensive handbook provides a substantial advance in the computation of elementary and special functions of mathematics, extending the function coverage of major programming languages well beyond their international standards, including full support for decimal floating-point arithmetic. Written with clarity and focusing on the C language, the work pays extensive attention to little-understood aspects of floating-point and integer arithmetic, and to software portability, as well as to important historical architectures. It extends support to a future 256-bit, floating-point format offering 70 decimal digits of precision. Select Topics and Features: references an exceptionally useful, author-maintained MathCW website, containing source code for the book’s software, compiled libraries for numerous systems, pre-built C compilers, and other related materials; offers a unique approach to covering mathematical-function computation using decimal arithmetic; provides extremely versatile appendices for interfaces to numerous other languages: Ada, C#, C++, Fortran, Java, and Pascal; presupposes only basic familiarity with computer programming in a common language, as well as early level algebra; supplies a library that readily adapts for existing scripting languages, with minimal effort; supports both binary and decimal arithmetic, in up to 10 different floating-point formats; covers a significant portion (with highly accurate implementations) of the U.S National Institute of Standards and Technology’s 10-year project to codify mathematical functions. This highly practical text/reference is an invaluable tool for advanced undergraduates, recording many lessons of the intermingled history of computer hardw are and software, numerical algorithms, and mathematics. In addition, professional numerical analysts and others will find the handbook of real interest and utility because it builds on research by the mathematical software community over the last four decades.

Neurocritical Care for the Advanced Practice Clinician

Author: Jessica L. White,Kevin N. Sheth

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319486691

Category: Medical

Page: 470

View: 8728

By utilizing a review of case-based studies and providing concise management recommendations from leaders in the field, this book provides essential knowledge for those practicing in a dynamic specialty. In the rapidly developing field of Neurocritical Care, Advanced Practice Clinicians have become an integral component of the multi-disciplinary team. This essential volume provides a frame of reference for advanced practice nurses, physician assistants, physicians, and students on a wide range of common Neuro ICU diagnoses and management strategies.

Pro Deep Learning with TensorFlow

A Mathematical Approach to Advanced Artificial Intelligence in Python

Author: Santanu Pattanayak

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1484230965

Category: Computers

Page: 398

View: 1778

Deploy deep learning solutions in production with ease using TensorFlow. You'll also develop the mathematical understanding and intuition required to invent new deep learning architectures and solutions on your own. Pro Deep Learning with TensorFlow provides practical, hands-on expertise so you can learn deep learning from scratch and deploy meaningful deep learning solutions. This book will allow you to get up to speed quickly using TensorFlow and to optimize different deep learning architectures. All of the practical aspects of deep learning that are relevant in any industry are emphasized in this book. You will be able to use the prototypes demonstrated to build new deep learning applications. The code presented in the book is available in the form of iPython notebooks and scripts which allow you to try out examples and extend them in interesting ways. You will be equipped with the mathematical foundation and scientific knowledge to pursue research in this field and give back to the community. What You'll Learn Understand full stack deep learning using TensorFlow and gain a solid mathematical foundation for deep learning Deploy complex deep learning solutions in production using TensorFlow Carry out research on deep learning and perform experiments using TensorFlow Who This Book Is For Data scientists and machine learning professionals, software developers, graduate students, and open source enthusiasts

Visionaries and Planners

The Garden City Movement and the Modern Community

Author: Stanley Buder

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195061748

Category: Architecture

Page: 260

View: 2213

In this book, Stanley Buder examines the Garden City movement from its origins in mid-nineteenth-century England to its subsequent development and elaboration in twentieth- century America. The Garden City movement emphasized green belts around cities but was not identified exclusively with suburban development. Much of the city planning which formed the basis for the Garden City movement was based upon designing the ideal community. But this sense of idealism was soon lost with the transfer of the movement to America, and indeed it was unable to sustain itself in the communities of its origin in England.

Organic Computing – Technical Systems for Survival in the Real World

Author: Christian Müller-Schloer,Sven Tomforde

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319684779

Category: Computers

Page: 578

View: 7452

This book is a comprehensive introduction into Organic Computing (OC), presenting systematically the current state-of-the-art in OC. It starts with motivating examples of self-organising, self-adaptive and emergent systems, derives their common characteristics and explains the fundamental ideas for a formal characterisation of such systems. Special emphasis is given to a quantitative treatment of concepts like self-organisation, emergence, autonomy, robustness, and adaptivity. The book shows practical examples of architectures for OC systems and their applications in traffic control, grid computing, sensor networks, robotics, and smart camera systems. The extension of single OC systems into collective systems consisting of social agents based on concepts like trust and reputation is explained. OC makes heavy use of learning and optimisation technologies; a compact overview of these technologies and related approaches to self-organising systems is provided. So far, OC literature has been published with the researcher in mind. Although the existing books have tried to follow a didactical concept, they remain basically collections of scientific papers. A comprehensive and systematic account of the OC ideas, methods, and achievements in the form of a textbook which lends itself to the newcomer in this field has been missing so far. The targeted reader of this book is the master student in Computer Science, Computer Engineering or Electrical Engineering - or any other newcomer to the field of Organic Computing with some technical or Computer Science background. Readers can seek access to OC ideas from different perspectives: OC can be viewed (1) as a „philosophy“ of adaptive and self-organising - life-like - technical systems, (2) as an approach to a more quantitative and formal understanding of such systems, and finally (3) a construction method for the practitioner who wants to build such systems. In this book, we first try to convey to the reader a feeling of the special character of natural and technical self-organising and adaptive systems through a large number of illustrative examples. Then we discuss quantitative aspects of such forms of organisation, and finally we turn to methods of how to build such systems for practical applications.

Trustworthy Open Self-Organising Systems

Author: Wolfgang Reif,Gerrit Anders,Hella Seebach,Jan-Philipp Steghöfer,Elisabeth André,Jörg Hähner,Christian Müller-Schloer,Theo Ungerer

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319292013

Category: Computers

Page: 244

View: 5578

This book treats the computational use of social concepts as the focal point for the realisation of a novel class of socio-technical systems, comprising smart grids, public display environments, and grid computing. These systems are composed of technical and human constituents that interact with each other in an open environment. Heterogeneity, large scale, and uncertainty in the behaviour of the constituents and the environment are the rule rather than the exception. Ensuring the trustworthiness of such systems allows their technical constituents to interact with each other in a reliable, secure, and predictable way while their human users are able to understand and control them. "Trustworthy Open Self-Organising Systems" contains a wealth of knowledge, from trustworthy self-organisation mechanisms, to trust models, methods to measure a user's trust in a system, a discussion of social concepts beyond trust, and insights into the impact open self-organising systems will have on society.

Mastering Zoho CRM

Manage your Team, Pipeline, and Clients Effectively

Author: Ali Shabdar

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1484229045

Category: Computers

Page: 241

View: 2572

Teaches you to use Zoho CRM effectively to benefit your business. This book takes you through a number of real-life scenarios and teaches you how to use Zoho CRM to create solutions for your business, with no technical background needed and with little to no coding required. Sound too good to be true? Technology makes our lives easier and there are a large number of resources on offer to help with various tasks, including managing business information. With all the tools, apps, and services to choose from, it is still a daunting and often expensive undertaking for businesses to create solutions that fit their specific requirements. That’s where Zoho CRM comes in. Using this book you can create a fully-functional cloud-based app that manages your company information, is elegant to use, and cost-effective to maintain. Basic computer and internet skills is all you need to successfully launch your very own CRM with the help of this book. Get started today with Mastering Zoho CRM. What You'll Learn Set up Zoho CRM properly from the ground up Model your business processes and implement them on Zoho CRM Centralize and manage your entire marketing, sales, and customer service processes Integrate CRM with other Zoho tools to streamline day to day business operations Create powerful dashboards and reports to provide relevant, actionable information to concerned people Use advanced CRM features such as workflow automation, role-based security, territories, etc. Connect Zoho CRM to external tools and services to extend features, and let CRM scale up with your business needs. Who This Book Is For Small business owners and solopreneurs who want to take control of the beating heart of their business –their marketing, sales, and customer-service efforts– without spending tens of thousands of dollars on customized solutions. Solution providers and consultants who want to learn the ins and outs of one of the hottest CRM tools in the market and provide winning related services to their clients by adding Zoho to their list of offerings.

Handbook of Geometric Programming Using Open Geometry GL

Author: Georg Glaeser,Hans-Peter Schröcker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387224483

Category: Computers

Page: 676

View: 1067

This Handbook fills the gaps of Open Geometry by explaining new methods, techniques and various examples. One its main strengths is that it enables the reader to learn about Open Geometry by working through examples. In addition, it includes a complete compendium of all the Open Geometry classes and their methods. Open Geometry will be of great attraction to those who want to start graphics programming.

Cloud Portability and Interoperability

Issues and Current Trends

Author: Beniamino Di Martino,Giuseppina Cretella,Antonio Esposito

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319137018

Category: Computers

Page: 121

View: 1342

This book offers readers a quick, comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the most important methodologies, technologies, APIs and standards related to the portability and interoperability of cloud applications and services, illustrated by a number of use cases representing a variety of interoperability and portability scenarios. The lack of portability and interoperability between cloud platforms at different service levels is the main issue affecting cloud-based services today. The brokering, negotiation, management, monitoring and reconfiguration of cloud resources are challenging tasks for developers and users of cloud applications due to the different business models associated with resource consumption, and to the variety of services and features offered by different cloud providers. In chapter 1 the concepts of cloud portability and interoperability are introduced, together with the issues and limitations arising when such features are lacking or ignored. Subsequently, chapter 2 provides an overview of the state-of-the-art methodologies and technologies that are currently used or being explored to enable cloud portability and interoperability. Chapter 3 illustrates the main cross-platform cloud APIs and how they can solve interoperability and portability issues. In turn, chapter 4 presents a set of ready-to-use solutions which, either because of their broad-scale use in cloud computing scenarios or because they utilize established or emerging standards, play a fundamental part in providing interoperable and portable solutions. Lastly, chapter 5 presents an overview of emerging standards for cloud Interoperability and portability. Researchers and developers of cloud-based services will find here a brief survey of the relevant methodologies, APIs and standards, illustrated by case studies and complemented by an extensive reference list for more detailed descriptions of every topic covered.

Building Android UIs with Custom Views

Build amazing custom user interfaces with Android custom views

Author: Raimon Rafols Montane

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1787289850

Category: Computers

Page: 294

View: 974

Create engaging user experiences and awesome user interfaces using this guide About This Book Move beyond default UI templates, create and customize amazing UIs with Android Custom View Enable smooth data flow and create futuristic UIs by creating flexible custom views Scale your apps with responsive and data intensive views Who This Book Is For This book is for Android developers who want to create great user interfaces and move beyond the basics of the standard UI elements. They must have basic Android development knowledge along with basic Java programming. What You Will Learn Extend the standard UI widget framework by creating Custom views Add complex rendering, animations, and interactions to your views Optimize performance and decrease battery usage Implement custom views to share between multiple projects, or share it publicly Create 3D custom views using OpenGL ES In Detail To build great user interfaces for your Android apps that go beyond the standard UI elements, you need to use custom Android views. With these, you can give your app a distinctive look and ensure that it functions properly across multiple devices. This book will help you construct a great UI for your apps by teaching you how to create custom Android views. You will start by creating your first Android custom view and go through the design considerations. You will then see how the right choices will enable your custom view to perform seamlessly across multiple platforms and Android versions. You will create custom styleable attributes that work with Android XML layouts, learn to process touch events, define custom attributes, and add properties and events to them. By the end of this book, you will be able to create apps with custom views that are responsive and adaptable to make your app distinctive and an instant hit with its users. Style and approach The approach will be that of a step by step practical tutorial. The book will take you through a complete journey, right from creating your first Android view to customizing it to enable it to support any complex app.

Context in Computing

A Cross-Disciplinary Approach for Modeling the Real World

Author: Patrick Brézillon,Avelino J. Gonzalez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493918877

Category: Computers

Page: 573

View: 6167

This volume explores how context has been and can be used in computing to model human behaviors, actions and communications as well as to manage data and knowledge. It addresses context management and exploitation of context for sharing experience across domains. The book serves as a user-centric guide for readers wishing to develop context-based applications, as well as an intellectual reference on the concept of context. It provides a broad yet deep treatment of context in computing and related areas that depend heavily on computing. The coverage is broad because of its cross-disciplinary nature but treats topics at a sufficient depth to permit a reader to implement context in his/her computational endeavors. The volume addresses how context can be integrated in software and systems and how it can be used in a computing environment. Furthermore, the use of context to represent the human dimension, individually as well as collectively is explained. Contributions also include descriptions of how context has been represented in formal as well as non-formal, structured approaches. The last section describes several human behavior representation paradigms based on the concept of context as its central representational element. The depth and breadth of this content is certain to provide useful as well as intellectually enriching information to readers of diverse backgrounds who have an interest in or are intrigued by using context to assist in their representation of the real world.

Compulsive Beauty

Author: Hal Foster

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 9780262560818

Category: Art

Page: 313

View: 8454

Surrealism has long been seen as its founder, André Breton,wanted it to be seen: as amovement of love and liberation. In Compulsive Beauty, Foster reads surrealism from its other,darker side: as an art given over to the uncanny, to the compulsion to repeat and the drive towarddeath.To this end Foster first restages the difficult encounter of surrealism with Freudianpsychoanalysis, then redefines the crucial categories of surrealism - the marvelous, convulsivebeauty, objective chance - in terms of the Freudian uncanny,or the return of familar things madestrange by repression. Next, with the art of Giorgio de Chirico, Max Ernst, and Alberto Giacomettiin mind, Foster develops a theory of the surrealist image as a working over of a primal fantasy.This leads him finally to propose as a summa of surrealism a body of work often shunted to itsmargins: the dolls of Hans Bellmer, so many traumatic tableaux that point to difficult connectionsnot only between sadism and masochism butal so between surrealism and fascism.At this pointCompulsive Beauty turns to the social dimension of the surrealist uncanny. First Foster reads thesurrealist repertoire of automatons and mannequins as a reflection on the uncanny processes ofmechanization and commodification. Then he considers the surrealist use of outmoded images as anattempt to work through the historical repression effected by these same processes. In a briefconclusion he discusses the fate of surrealism today ina world become surrealistic.Compulsive Beautynot only offers a deconstructive reading of surrealism, long neglected by Anglo-American arthistory, it also participates in a postmodern reconsideration of modernism, the dominant accounts ofwhich have obscured its involvements in desire and trauma, capitalist shock and technologicaldevelopment.Hal Foster is Associate Professor of Art History and Comparative Literature at CornellUniversity. He is an editor of the journal OCTOBER.

Combinatorial Optimization and Graph Algorithms

Communications of NII Shonan Meetings

Author: Takuro Fukunaga,Ken-ichi Kawarabayashi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811061475

Category: Computers

Page: 120

View: 6744

Covering network designs, discrete convex analysis, facility location and clustering problems, matching games, and parameterized complexity, this book discusses theoretical aspects of combinatorial optimization and graph algorithms. Contributions are by renowned researchers who attended NII Shonan meetings on this essential topic. The collection contained here provides readers with the outcome of the authors’ research and productive meetings on this dynamic area, ranging from computer science and mathematics to operations research. Networks are ubiquitous in today's world: the Web, online social networks, and search-and-query click logs can lead to a graph that consists of vertices and edges. Such networks are growing so fast that it is essential to design algorithms to work for these large networks. Graph algorithms comprise an area in computer science that works to design efficient algorithms for networks. Here one can work on theoretical or practical problems where implementation of an algorithm for large networks is needed. In two of the chapters, recent results in graph matching games and fixed parameter tractability are surveyed. Combinatorial optimization is an intersection of operations research and mathematics, especially discrete mathematics, which deals with new questions and new problems, attempting to find an optimum object from a finite set of objects. Most problems in combinatorial optimization are not tractable (i.e., NP-hard). Therefore it is necessary to design an approximation algorithm for them. To tackle these problems requires the development and combination of ideas and techniques from diverse mathematical areas including complexity theory, algorithm theory, and matroids as well as graph theory, combinatorics, convex and nonlinear optimization, and discrete and convex geometry. Overall, the book presents recent progress in facility location, network design, and discrete convex analysis.

Handbook of Floating-Point Arithmetic

Author: Jean-Michel Muller,Nicolas Brunie,Florent de Dinechin,Claude-Pierre Jeannerod,Mioara Joldes,Vincent Lefèvre,Guillaume Melquiond,Nathalie Revol,Serge Torres

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319765264

Category: Mathematics

Page: 627

View: 4949

Floating-point arithmetic is the most widely used way of implementing real-number arithmetic on modern computers. However, making such an arithmetic reliable and portable, yet fast, is a very difficult task. As a result, floating-point arithmetic is far from being exploited to its full potential. This handbook aims to provide a complete overview of modern floating-point arithmetic. So that the techniques presented can be put directly into practice in actual coding or design, they are illustrated, whenever possible, by a corresponding program. The handbook is designed for programmers of numerical applications, compiler designers, programmers of floating-point algorithms, designers of arithmetic operators, and more generally, students and researchers in numerical analysis who wish to better understand a tool used in their daily work and research.

Classic Shell Scripting

Hidden Commands that Unlock the Power of Unix

Author: Arnold Robbins,Nelson H. F. Beebe

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9780596555269

Category: Computers

Page: 560

View: 6814

Shell scripting skills never go out of style. It's the shell that unlocks the real potential of Unix. Shell scripting is essential for Unix users and system administrators-a way to quickly harness and customize the full power of any Unix system. With shell scripts, you can combine the fundamental Unix text and file processing commands to crunch data and automate repetitive tasks. But beneath this simple promise lies a treacherous ocean of variations in Unix commands and standards. Classic Shell Scripting is written to help you reliably navigate these tricky waters.Writing shell scripts requires more than just a knowledge of the shell language, it also requires familiarity with the individual Unix programs: why each one is there, how to use them by themselves, and in combination with the other programs. The authors are intimately familiar with the tips and tricks that can be used to create excellent scripts, as well as the traps that can make your best effort a bad shell script. With Classic Shell Scripting you'll avoid hours of wasted effort. You'll learn not only write useful shell scripts, but how to do it properly and portably.The ability to program and customize the shell quickly, reliably, and portably to get the best out of any individual system is an important skill for anyone operating and maintaining Unix or Linux systems. Classic Shell Scripting gives you everything you need to master these essential skills.

RLISP '88

An Evolutionary Approach to Program Design and Reuse

Author: J Marti

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814502898

Category: Mathematics

Page: 268

View: 4139

The RLISP '88 programming system introduces an evolutionary approach to software development that enables small groups of programmers to advance the state of the art over a period of many years. Each new system is built on top of the old; yet, like an Irishman's hammer, little remains of the original program code. This book presents a style of durable programming for domain specialists and computer scientists alike. Exercises at the end of each chapter encourage its use as a textbook. Contents: IntroductionAn RLISP PrimerCase StudiesFunctionsConclusion Readership: Computer scientists, mathematicians and reduce users. keywords:

Image Processing in Optical Coherence Tomography Using Matlab

Author: Robert Koprowski,Zygmunt Wróbel

Publisher: Robert Koprowski

ISBN: 8362462027

Category: Image processing

Page: 175

View: 7909

This book covers the results of the creation of methods for ophthalmologists support in OCT images automated analysis. These methods, like the application developed on their basis, are used during routine examinations carried out in hospital. The monograph comprises proposals of new and also of known algorithms, modified by authors, for image analysis and processing, presented on the basis of example of Matlab environment with Image Processing tools. The results are not only obtained fully automatically, but also repeatable, providing doctors with quantitative information on the degree of pathology occurring in the patient. In this case the anterior and posterior eye segment is analysed, e.g. the measurement of the filtration angle or individual layers thickness. To introduce the Readers to subtleties related to the implementation of selected fragments of algorithms, the notation of some of them in the Matlab environment has been given. The presented source code is shown only in the form of example of implementable selected algorithm. In no way we impose here the method of resolution on the Reader and we only provide the confirmation of a possibility of its practical implementation.

Computer simulation and computer algebra

lectures for beginners

Author: Dietrich Stauffer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540565307

Category: Computers

Page: 287

View: 8456

Computer Simulation and Computer Algebra. Starting from simple examples in classical mechanics, these introductory lectures proceed to simulations in statistical physics (using FORTRAN) and then explain in detail the use of computer algebra (by means of Reduce). This third edition takes into account the most recent version of Reduce (3.4.1) and updates the description of large-scale simulations to subjects such as the 170000 X 170000 Ising model. Furthermore, an introduction to both vector and parallel computing is given.

Autonomic Computing Enabled Cooperative Networked Design

Author: Michal Wodczak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1493907646

Category: Computers

Page: 104

View: 8482

This book introduces the concept of autonomic computing driven cooperative networked system design from an architectural perspective. As such it leverages and capitalises on the relevant advancements in both the realms of autonomic computing and networking by welding them closely together. In particular, a multi-faceted Autonomic Cooperative System Architectural Model is defined which incorporates the notion of Autonomic Cooperative Behaviour being orchestrated by the Autonomic Cooperative Networking Protocol of a cross-layer nature. The overall proposed solution not only advocates for the inclusion of certain Decision Making Entities, but it also provides all the necessary implementation guidelines along with the pertinent standardisation orientated insight.