The New Domestic Automakers in the United States and Canada

History, Impacts, and Prospects

Author: A.J. Jacobs

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739188267

Category: Political Science

Page: 520

View: 4862

This book provides a unique historical and qualitative review of ten foreign automakers with plants in developed North America from their early beginnings to their export entry into North America. It seeks to expand the knowledge of American and Canadian policymakers pursuing a new foreign motor vehicle assembly plant or Foreign Direct Investment.

Japan after the Economic Miracle

In Search of New Directions

Author: P. Bowles,L.T. Woods

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401142777

Category: Social Science

Page: 327

View: 1364

As Japan comes to grips with a decade of economic malaise after its spectacular post-war growth record, how will Japanese society react? Contributors to this volume examine the challenges ahead for Japan in the fields of politics, economics, sociology, environment and business. This multidisciplinary inquiry looks for areas of continuity and for new directions in government, business and social policy and practice. Also examined is how Western students should approach the study of Japan; what new directions should institutions take to ensure that students learn about the `real' Japan? Written by Canadian academics, the articles in this volume will be of interest to academics and policy-makers studying or teaching about contemporary Japan.

Troubled Asset Relief Program

Automaker Pension Funding and Multiple Federal Roles Pose Challenges for the Future

Author: Barbara D. Bovbjerg

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437931928


Page: 77

View: 4137

Over $81 billion has been committed under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) to improve the domestic auto industry's competitiveness and long-term viability. The bulk of this assistance has gone to GM and Chrysler, who sponsor some of the largest defined benefit pension plans insured by the federal Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp. (PBGC). This report examines: (1) the impact of restructuring on GM's and Chrysler's pension plans; (2) the impact of restructuring on auto supply sector pension plans; (3) the impacts on PBGC and plan participants should auto industry pension plans be terminated; and (4) how the federal government is dealing with the potential tensions of its multiple roles as pension regulator, shareholder, and creditor.

Pacific Partners

The Japanese Presence in Canadian Business, Society, and Culture

Author: Carin Holroyd,Kenneth Coates

Publisher: James Lorimer & Company

ISBN: 9781550284928

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 190

View: 5291

Contents: 1 Canada and Japan Today 2 Canada and Japan to the 1930s 3 Canada and Japan During World War II 4 Canada-Japan Relations After World War II 5 The Changing Face of Canadian and Japanese Societies 6 Canadian and Japanese Business Cultures 7 The Evolution of Canada-Japan Trade 8 Canada-Japan Investment 9 The Future of the Canada-Japan Business Relationship 10 Approaching the 21st Century

Rules of origin issues related to NAFTA and the North American automotive industry

report to the Committee on Ways and Means, U.S. House of Representatives, on investigation no. 332-314 under section 332 of the Tariff Act of 1930

Author: United States International Trade Commission,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means

Publisher: N.A


Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 6592

Asleep at the Switch

The Political Economy of Federal Research and Development Policy since 1960

Author: Bruce Smardon

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773596542

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3482

Since 1960, Canadian industry has lagged behind other advanced capitalist economies in its level of commitment to research and development. Asleep at the Switch explains the reasons for this underperformance, despite a series of federal measures to spur technological innovation in Canada. Bruce Smardon argues that the underlying issue in Canada's longstanding failure to innovate is structural, and can be traced to the rapid diffusion of American Fordist practices into the manufacturing sector of the early twentieth century. Under the influence of Fordism, Canadian industry came to depend heavily on outside sources of new technology, particularly from the United States. Though this initially brought in substantial foreign capital and led to rapid economic development, the resulting branch-plant industrial structure led to the prioritization of business interests over transformative and innovative industrial strategies. This situation was exacerbated in the early 1960s by the Glassco framework, which assumed that the best way for the federal state to foster domestic technological capacity was to fund private sector research and collaborative strategies with private capital. Remarkably, and with few results, federal programs and measures continued to emphasize a market-oriented approach. Asleep at the Switch details the ongoing attempts by the federal government to increase the level of innovation in Canadian industry, but shows why these efforts have failed to alter the pattern of technological dependency.

Politics in China

An Introduction, Second Edition

Author: William A. Joseph

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199384835

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 1881

On October 1, 2009, the People's Republic of China (PRC) celebrated the 60th anniversary of its founding. And what an eventful and tumultuous six decades it had been. During that time, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), China was transformed from one of the world's poorest countries into the world's fastest growing major economy, and from a weak state barely able to govern or protect its own territory to a rising power that is challenging the United States for global influence. Over those same years, the PRC also experienced the most deadly famine in human history, caused largely by the actions and inactions of its political leaders. Not long after, there was a collapse of government authority that pushed the country to the brink of (and in some places actually into) civil war and anarchy. Today, China is, for the most part, peaceful, prospering, and proud. This is the China that was on display for the world to see during the Beijing Olympics in 2008. The CCP maintains a firm grip on power through a combination of popular support largely based on its recent record of promoting rapid economic growth and harsh repression of political opposition. Yet, the party and country face serious challenges on many fronts, including a slowing economy, environmental desecration, pervasive corruption, extreme inequalities, and a rising tide of social protest. Politics in China is an authoritative introduction to how the world's most populous nation and rapidly rising global power is governed today. Written by leading China scholars, the book's chapters offers accessible overviews of major periods in China's modern political history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, key topics in contemporary Chinese politics, and developments in four important areas located on China's geographic periphery: Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.

Reevaluating NAFTA

Theory and Practice

Author: I. Hussain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137297174

Category: Political Science

Page: 221

View: 6683

Depicting NAFTA to be but a stepping stone rather than final product of regional economic integrative efforts, a chapter-specific 15-year assessment conveys the upsides and downsides of North America's Camelot moment.

Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs 1999

Author: David Mutimer

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802039019

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 389

Long praised for its accuracy, readability, and insight, the Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs offers a synoptic appraisal of the year's developments in Canadian politics. Canada went to war in 1999, participating in a two-month NATO-led air war against Yugoslavia over its treatment of Kosovar Albanians. Attracting less public attention was an important turn in the country's constitutional arrangements - the creation of Nunavut - producing a self-governing capacity for the Inuit. The year 1999 also saw both the federal and British Columbia governments approve an historic agreement with the Nisga'a Nation. Additionally, Jean Chrétien's Liberal government pushed ahead with its plan to create a law that sets out the rules around any future referendum on Quebec's sovereignty. The Canadian Annual Review is unique in its collection and presentation of the year in politics. The combination of the calendar and the text offers a superb, easy-access reference source for political events, both federal and provincial.

U.S. Immigration and Education

Cultural and Policy Issues Across the Lifespan

Author: Elena L. Grigorenko, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826111084

Category: Education

Page: 408

View: 9336

This handbook helps readers to both understand and craft policies to aid the successful acculturation of immigrants in the US. It is an excellent road map for researchers in immigration and education, as well as educational and developmental psychologists, sociologists, economists, and public policy makers. An immigrant from Russia, Dr. Grigorenko weaves her first-hand experiences and strategies into this unique text. It encompasses all available research on immigration and acculturation, from new information on bilingual education to studies of low-skill versus high-skill workers. Key Topics: Immigration and America: current snapshot of US immigration policy and a demographic profile Immigration and education: Pre-K though grade12, higher, and adult education, and the labor market Immigration and incorporation into society: Implications for human development, health, and policy

Competitive Advantage of Nations

Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance

Author: Michael E. Porter

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781451651492

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 896

View: 6522

Now beyond its eleventh printing and translated into twelve languages, Michael Porter’s The Competitive Advantage of Nations has changed completely our conception of how prosperity is created and sustained in the modern global economy. Porter’s groundbreaking study of international competitiveness has shaped national policy in countries around the world. It has also transformed thinking and action in states, cities, companies, and even entire regions such as Central America. Based on research in ten leading trading nations, The Competitive Advantage of Nations offers the first theory of competitiveness based on the causes of the productivity with which companies compete. Porter shows how traditional comparative advantages such as natural resources and pools of labor have been superseded as sources of prosperity, and how broad macroeconomic accounts of competitiveness are insufficient. The book introduces Porter’s “diamond,” a whole new way to understand the competitive position of a nation (or other locations) in global competition that is now an integral part of international business thinking. Porter's concept of “clusters,” or groups of interconnected firms, suppliers, related industries, and institutions that arise in particular locations, has become a new way for companies and governments to think about economies, assess the competitive advantage of locations, and set public policy. Even before publication of the book, Porter’s theory had guided national reassessments in New Zealand and elsewhere. His ideas and personal involvement have shaped strategy in countries as diverse as the Netherlands, Portugal, Taiwan, Costa Rica, and India, and regions such as Massachusetts, California, and the Basque country. Hundreds of cluster initiatives have flourished throughout the world. In an era of intensifying global competition, this pathbreaking book on the new wealth of nations has become the standard by which all future work must be measured.

New Visions for Canadian Business

Strategies for Competing in the Global Economy

Author: Alan M. Rugman,Joseph R. D'Cruz,Joseph R. DCruz

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781568066912


Page: 48

View: 1379

A study of Canadian competitiveness, which has been declining. Includes Canada's business scorecard; doing business, manufacturing, and services in the global economy; strategies for Canada's international competitiveness; and recommendations for a competitive future. Graphs. Commissioned by Kodak Canada Inc.

The Impact of 9/11 on Canada - U.S. Trade

Author: Steven Globerman,Paul Storer

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 144269257X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 5542

The events of 9/11 and subsequent border entry security initiatives have led to increased costs and transportation delays that have the potential to impact Canada-U.S. trade. Researchers have identified increased border crossing times for importers and exporters transporting goods between the two countries, but there has been little effort made to identify the quantitative importance of these developments in terms of their effect on bilateral trade flows. In this study, Steven Globerman and Paul Storer fill this gap in the existing research through statistical analysis of trade flows since 9/11. Among the questions undertaken in this book are whether trade flows are lower in the post-9/11 period than they should be, and whether 'special' factors apart from 9/11 might have influenced flow in major bilateral sectors. Globerman and Storer show that U.S. exports to Canada decreased significantly in the aftermath of 9/11, though such exports recovered by 2004. In contrast, while U.S. imports from Canada also suffered a significant post-9/11 decrease, a shortfall between actual and expected imports from Canada persisted through 2005. In other words, by mid-2005, Canadian exports to the U.S. had not regained their 'normal level.' These and other conclusions are crucial to understanding the impact that increased border security has had on the economic relationship between Canada and the United States.

Relentless Change

A Casebook for the Study of Canadian Business History

Author: Joe Martin

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442697156

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 504

View: 1860

Casebooks in business history are designed to instruct students in classrooms and boardrooms about the evolution of business management. The first casebook for the study of business history in a Canadian context, Joseph E. Martin's text will help students, both in the classroom and the boardroom, understand the Canadian economy and guide them in making sound decisions and contributing to a healthy, growing economy. Thirteen original case studies from the mid-nineteenth to the twenty-first centuries deal with different industry sectors as well as individual corporations and managers. Overviews provide context by examining major public policy decisions and key developments in the financial system that have affected business practices. Martin also presents eight original tables that trace the evolution of the 60 largest Canadian corporations between 1905 and 2005. Relentless Change is an invaluable resource for instructors and business students and clearly demonstrates how businesses are affected by the interaction of individual decisions, policy changes, and market trends.

Federal Antitrust Policy During the Kennedy-Johnson Years

Author: James R. Williamson

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313296413

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 180

View: 3694

The growing concentration of economic power achieved by big business up to and during the Kennedy-Johnson Years, enabled it to prevent the Congress and Executive Antitrust Agencies from acting on behalf of the consumer to restore competition to the marketplace.

Commonwealth Trade, 1970

Author: Commonwealth Secretariat

Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat



Page: 131

View: 3789