The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention

Personal, Public and Health Systems Approaches

Author: Sevgi O. Aral,Kevin A. Fenton,Judith A. Lipshutz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461445264

Category: Medical

Page: 439

View: 7751

Despite effective approaches to prevention, STD and HIV infection rates remain fairly constant. Targeting, implementation, and monitoring of interventions have posed widespread problems, and the recent spate of cuts to prevention budgets has made these roadblocks even more challenging. It is clear that working in sexual health requires both a deeper understanding of STI/HIV epidemiology and an ongoing quest for up-to-date, realistic prevention strategies. The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention offers readers leading-edge access to both. Focusing on social determinants of sexual health, at-risk populations, critical factors in approaches to prevention, and reviews of new research, this authoritative volume explores areas as varied as HPV prevention, technology-based interventions, migration as a factor in disease transmission, and competencies key to effective leadership in the field. Dispatches from the frontlines of theory, research, and practice in the U.S. and abroad include: Personal risk, public impact: balancing individual rights and STD/HIV prevention. Distribution of prevention resources and its impact on sexual health. Prevention measures in diverse populations of women. Toward a better approach to preventive interventions with men who have sex with men. Adolescent sexual health and STIs. Reducing disparities in sexual health: lessons from the campaign to eliminate infectious syphilis. Public health professionals of all backgrounds interested in or working in improving sexual health will find The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention an indispensable guide to conceptualizing the problems and clarifying possible solutions.

Socialising the Biomedical Turn in HIV Prevention

Author: Susan Kippax,Niamh Stephenson

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 178308507X

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 1646

This book concerns HIV prevention. In it the authors argue that until the world focuses its attention on the social issues carried and revealed by AIDS, it is unlikely that HIV transmission will be eradicated or even significantly reduced. The book argues that we are currently witnessing the remedicalisation or the continuing biomedicalisation of HIV prevention, which began in earnest after the development of successful HIV treatment, and that this biomedical trajectory continues with the increasing push to use HIV treatments as prevention, undermining what has been in many countries a successful prevention response. This wide-ranging study argues that HIV prevention involves enabling people and communities to discuss sex, sexuality and drug use and, informed by these discussion, devising locally effective strategies for promoting safe sexual and drug injection practices.

The New Public Health

Author: Theodore H. Tulchinsky,Elena Varavikova

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123708907

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 672

View: 653

Linking classical public health and intervention with evolving healthcare strategies and policies for the 21st century, The New Public Health provides a broad perspective on current issues & the kinds of solutions & expectations needed in the future.

African Americans and HIV/AIDS

Understanding and Addressing the Epidemic

Author: Donna Hubbard McCree, PhD, MPH, RPh,Kenneth Terrill Jones, MSW,Ann O'Leary, PhD

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387783215

Category: Medical

Page: 324

View: 918

Among U. S. racial and ethnic minority populations, African American communities are the most disproportionately impacted and affected by HIV/AIDS (CDC, 2009; CDC, 2008). The chapters in this volume seek to explore factors that contribute to this disparity as well as methods for intervening and positively impacting the e- demic in the U. S. The book is divided into two sections. The first section includes chapters that explore specific contextual and structural factors related to HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention in African Americans. The second section is composed of chapters that address the latest in intervention strategies, including best-evidence and promising-evidence based behavioral interventions, program evaluation, cost effectiveness analyses and HIV testing and counseling. As background for the book, the Introduction provides a summary of the context and importance of other infectious disease rates, (i. e. , sexually transmitted diseases [STDs] and tubercu- sis), to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment in African Americans and a brief introductory discussion on the major contextual factors related to the acquisition and transmission of STDs/HIV. Contextual Chapters Johnson & Dean author the first chapter in this section, which discusses the history and epidemiology of HIV/AIDS among African Americans. Specifically, this ch- ter provides a definition for and description of the US surveillance systems used to track HIV/AIDS and presents data on HIV or AIDS cases diagnosed between 2002 and 2006 and reported to CDC as of June 30, 2007.

Handbook of HIV Prevention

Author: John L. Peterson,Ralph J. DiClemente

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780306462238

Category: Medical

Page: 337

View: 4153

The Handbook of HIV Prevention is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the theories, methods and approaches for reducing HIV-asso ciated risk behaviors. It represents the first single source of inform ation about HIV prevention research in developed and developing countr ies. The Handbook addresses the subject of HIV prevention from two int errelated perspectives. First, it presents the seminal theories curren tly used to guide the development and implementation of HIV prevention interventions. Second, it describes prevention approaches for diverse populations at risk of HIV infection. This Handbook provides a compil ation of knowledge on HIV prevention by the leading authorities in the field, and will be an important resource for students, researchers an d clinicians in the field.

The Hidden Epidemic

Confronting Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Author: Committee on Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Publisher: National Academies


Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 6945

The results of an investigation by the U.S. Committee on Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases surveys the scope of sexually transmitted diseases and pronounces their proliferation a national health crisis.

HIV Screening and Access to Care

Exploring the Impact of Policies on Access to and Provision of HIV Care

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on HIV Screening and Access to Care

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309164192

Category: Medical

Page: 114

View: 7649

With the widespread use of highly active anti-retroviral treatment (HAART), HIV has become a chronic, rather than a fatal, disease. But for their treatment to succeed, patients require uninterrupted care from a health care provider and uninterrupted access to anti-HIV medications. The IOM identifies federal, state, and private health insurance policies that inhibit HIV-positive individuals from initiating or continuing their care.

Histories of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Philip Setel,Milton James Lewis,Maryinez Lyons

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313297151

Category: Medical

Page: 267

View: 4752

In a series of case studies of sexually transmitted disease and HIV/AIDS from around Africa, contributors examine the social, cultural, and political-economic bases of risk, transmission, and response to epidemic disease. This book brings together major contributions to the historical study of epidemic disease in developing countries and considers how particular constellations of cultural, social, political, and economic factors in different countries have affected the historical patterns of disease and collective (official and community) response to them. This book is a companion volume to Sex, Disease, and Society: A Comparative History of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (Greenwood, 1997). From this endeavor to provide insight into the conjunctions and disjunctions between the histories of STDs and the AIDS pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa certain common issues have emerged. These include medical ambiguity and epidemiologic diversity; cultural change; racism; gender, labor migration, and economic instability; and the practice of biomedicine and epidemiology in African contexts. All of these factors are embedded in the colonial legacy and post-colonial political economic conditions across the continent.

Behavioral Interventions for Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Author: Sevgi O. Aral,John M. Douglas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387857680

Category: Medical

Page: 578

View: 7632

Before AIDS, the role of behavioral interventions in preventing transmission of sexually transmitted diseases was acknowledged in text books and journals but rarely promoted effectively in public health practice. This book addresses the complexities and social contexts of human behaviors which spread STDs, the cultural barriers to STD education, and the sociopolitical nuances surrounding treatment.

Atlas of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS E-Book

Author: Stephen A. Morse,King K. Holmes,Ronald C. Ballard

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702047643

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 4822

The Atlas of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS, 4th Edition, by Drs. Stephen A. Morse, King K. Holmes, Adele A. Moreland, MD, and Ronald C. Ballard, provides you with an exclusive gallery of STD and AIDS images so you can better diagnose and treat these diseases. Approximately 1,100 unique images – most in full color and 30% new to this edition – depict the clinical signs associated with each type of infection. You’ll also find expert guidance on new vaccines, screening techniques, treatment guidelines, and best practices in the field. Get expert advice on the tests available to reach a definitive diagnosis and review therapeutic options, treatment guidelines, prevention strategies, and management of complications. Access appendices on the selection and evaluation of diagnostic tests, quality control, and test technologies. Effectively diagnose all types of STDs and HIV/AIDS with approximately 1,100 images—most in full color and more than 30% new to this edition―that depict the epidemiology as well as the clinical manifestations of these diseases. Effectively utilize new vaccines for HPV and Hepatitis B, new screening tests for Chlamydia, new drugs under development, new treatment guidelines and best practices in HIV screening, and much more.

Beyond Condoms

Alternative Approaches to HIV Prevention

Author: Ann O'Leary

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306467313

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 242

View: 7857

A growing view in HIV prevention is that the one-size-fits-all approach may not be the most effective public health strategy. Since the advent of this virus, male latex condoms have been the mainstay of prevention efforts.

Family and HIV/AIDS

Cultural and Contextual Issues in Prevention and Treatment

Author: Willo Pequegnat,Carl Bell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461404392

Category: Medical

Page: 364

View: 5518

Three decades into the HIV pandemic, the goals remain clear: reduce the number of infections,improve the health outcomes of those who are infected, and eliminate disparities in care. And one observation continues to gain credence: families are a powerful resource in preventing, adapting to, and coping with HIV. Recognizing their complex role as educators, mentors, and caregivers, Family and HIV/AIDS assembles a wealth of findings from successful prevention and intervention strategies and provides models for translating evidence into effective real-world practice. Chapters spotlight the differing roles of mothers and fathers in prevention efforts, clarify the need for family/community collaborations, and examine core issues of culture,ethnicity, gender, and diagnosis (e.g., minority families, adolescents with psychological disorders). Throughout, risk reduction and health promotion are shown as a viable public health strategy A reference with considerable utility across the health, mental health, and related disciplines,Family and HIV/AIDS will be a go-to resource for practitioners working with families, researchers studying at-risk populations, administrators seeking to create new (or evaluate existing)prevention and care programs, and policymakers involved in funding such programs.

HIV/Aids in Georgia

Addressing the Crisis

Author: Tamar Gotsadze,Mukesh Chawla,Ketevan Chkatarashvili

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821357149

Category: Medical

Page: 48

View: 8899

This book describes the characteristics of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Georgia and assesses it's potential effect on the country's economic growth and on sectors, such as agriculture, transport, labor markets, health care and social security. It carefully analyses the strengths and shortcomings of the National Response and identifies potential areas and strategic actions for strengthening National Response capabilities. The book also provides projections of prevalence rates for 2000-2015 and their impact on population demographics. The paper outlines the main barriers to the development of a comprehensive multi-sector national action plan and defines options for World Bank involvement.

The Complete HIV/AIDS Teaching Kit


Author: Angela Amarillas, MA,Alana Conner, PhD,Diana Dull Akers, PhD,Julie Solomon, PhD,Ralph J. DiClemente, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826103703

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 4286

A unique multi-media teaching kit for those instructing clients, staff, and students about HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS has rapidly emerged as one of the greatest threats to human health in the 21st century. In the absence of a cure, prevention remains a crucial strategy for reducing its impact. It is critically important to understand not only the science of the disease, but also the behavioral and sociocultural influences that both facilitate and prevent the spread of HIV. In a concise and convenient format The Complete HIV/AIDS Teaching Kit provides a multidisciplinary approach to teaching the biomedical, social, psychological, and behavioral aspects of HIV transmission, prevention and treatment--offering readers a full understanding of the disease. Helpful teaching tools like learning objectives, key medical and science terms, discussion questions, and quizzes are just a few of the resources included in the text to make counseling clients, leading group discussions, teaching students, or offering outreach in your community more accessible and effective. The CD Includes: PowerPoint slides In-classroom learning activities Supplemental homework assignments Recommended reading lists Web resources And much more! Use the companion volume, Tools for Building Culturally Competent HIV Prevention Programs to answer all your questions about program structure, effectiveness, goals, recruitment, evaluation, and more.

The AIDS Pandemic

Impact on Science and Society

Author: Kenneth H. Mayer,H.F. Pizer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080475806

Category: Medical

Page: 520

View: 761

The AIDS Pandemic explores the ways in which HIV/AIDS has, and continues to transform the wide range of related disciplines it touches. Novel perspectives are provided by a unique panel of internationally recognised experts who cover the unprecedented impact onf AIDS on culture, demographics and politics around the world, including how it affected the worlds' economy, health sciences, epidemiology and public health. This important far- reaching analysis uses the lessons learned from a wide array of disciplines to help us understand the current status and evolution of the pandemic, as it continues to evolve. * Unique and timely presentation of new theories and perspectives * Concentrates on the changes that have taken place in a broad array of related disciplines * Provides key contextual information, for those new to the field or at interface areas between disciplines * Includes an international focus on evolving African and Asian experiences * Focuses on the current strategies for developing vaccines and microbicides * Outlines harm reduction and prevention programs * Explores issues related to delivery of life-saving AIDS medications in resource-constrained environments

Public Health Nursing - E-Book

Population-Centered Health Care in the Community

Author: Marcia Stanhope,Jeanette Lancaster

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323294103

Category: Medical

Page: 1128

View: 5324

Now in its 8th edition, the "gold standard" in community health nursing provides comprehensive and up-to-date content to keep you at the forefront of the ever-changing community health climate and prepare you for an effective nursing career. In addition to a solid foundation in concepts and interventions for individuals, families, and communities, you will find real-life applications of the public nurse's role, Healthy People 2020 initiatives, new chapters on forensics and genomics, plus timely coverage of disaster management and important client populations such as pregnant teens, the homeless, immigrants, and more. Evidence-Based Practice boxes illustrate how the latest research findings apply to public/community health nursing. Separate chapters on disease outbreak investigation and disaster management describe the nurse's role in surveilling public health and managing these types of threats to public health. Separate unit on the public/community health nurse's role describes the different roles and functions of the public/community health nurse within the community. Levels of Prevention boxes show how community/public health nurses deliver health care interventions at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of prevention. What Do You Think?, Did You Know?, and How To? boxes use practical examples and critical thinking exercises to illustrate chapter content. The Cutting Edge highlights significant issues and new approaches to community-oriented nursing practice. Practice Application provides case studies with critical thinking questions. Separate chapters on community health initiatives thoroughly describe different approaches to promoting health among populations. Appendixes offer additional resources and key information, such as screening and assessment tools and clinical practice guidelines. Linking Content to Practice boxes provide real-life applications for chapter content. NEW! Healthy People 2020 feature boxes highlight the goals and objectives for promoting health and wellness over the next decade. NEW! The Nurse in Forensics chapter focuses on the unique role of forensic nurses in public health and safety, interpersonal violence, mass violence, and disasters. NEW! Genomics in Public Health Nursing chapter includes a history of genetics and genomics and their impact on public/community health nursing care.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Author: Bhushan Kumar,Somesh Gupta

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 8131229785

Category: Medical

Page: 1422

View: 571

Covers all aspects (historical, epidemiological, diagnostic, clinical, preventative, public health and medico-legal) of STIs in complete detail with a special emphasis on STIs in special groups—migrants, homosexuals, and sexually abused. Covers basic and laboratory sciences extensively to blend with the basics required by the clinician for proper understanding of the disease process. Clinical photographs, illustrations, photographs of specimens and cultures, histopathology, flow charts and line diagrams are given extensively throughout the text to make relevant clinical situation self-explanatory. Has very useful and practical information for even the clinician in the periphery, where the investigative component is either non-existent or very basic and many new drugs are not available or unaffordable. Management of HIV in adults and children in resource-poor countries has been covered extensively along with syndromic management of STIs. This enables a physician to choose from approaches in a particular situation depending upon the available means—laboratory or therapeutic. Covers sexual dysfunction in both men and women and the basics of human sexual behavior and sexual health. Section Editors and Contributors from all continents of the world have made this a truly global reference book. It is a useful reference text for epidemiologists, public health experts, clinicians, microbiologists, health workers, social organizations and counselors working in the field of STIs, sexual health, and HIV.

AIDS and Contemporary History

Author: Virginia Berridge,Philip Strong

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521521147

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 6072

A collection of essays on the 'pre-history' of the impact of AIDS, and its subsequent history.

HIV/AIDS in South Africa

Author: S. S. Abdool Karim,Q. Abdool Karim

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139487931

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 3203

This second edition of the book provides up-to-date information on new drugs, new proven HIV prevention interventions, a new chapter on positive prevention, and current HIV epidemiology. This definitive text covers all aspects of HIV/AIDS in South Africa, from basic science to medicine, sociology, economics and politics. It has been written by a highly respected team of South African HIV/AIDS experts and provides a thoroughly researched account of the epidemic in the region.