The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention

Personal, Public and Health Systems Approaches

Author: Sevgi O. Aral,Kevin A. Fenton,Judith A. Lipshutz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461445264

Category: Medical

Page: 439

View: 1967

Despite effective approaches to prevention, STD and HIV infection rates remain fairly constant. Targeting, implementation, and monitoring of interventions have posed widespread problems, and the recent spate of cuts to prevention budgets has made these roadblocks even more challenging. It is clear that working in sexual health requires both a deeper understanding of STI/HIV epidemiology and an ongoing quest for up-to-date, realistic prevention strategies. The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention offers readers leading-edge access to both. Focusing on social determinants of sexual health, at-risk populations, critical factors in approaches to prevention, and reviews of new research, this authoritative volume explores areas as varied as HPV prevention, technology-based interventions, migration as a factor in disease transmission, and competencies key to effective leadership in the field. Dispatches from the frontlines of theory, research, and practice in the U.S. and abroad include: Personal risk, public impact: balancing individual rights and STD/HIV prevention. Distribution of prevention resources and its impact on sexual health. Prevention measures in diverse populations of women. Toward a better approach to preventive interventions with men who have sex with men. Adolescent sexual health and STIs. Reducing disparities in sexual health: lessons from the campaign to eliminate infectious syphilis. Public health professionals of all backgrounds interested in or working in improving sexual health will find The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention an indispensable guide to conceptualizing the problems and clarifying possible solutions.

African Americans and HIV/AIDS

Understanding and Addressing the Epidemic

Author: Donna Hubbard McCree, PhD, MPH, RPh,Kenneth Terrill Jones, MSW,Ann O'Leary, PhD

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387783215

Category: Medical

Page: 324

View: 4889

Among U. S. racial and ethnic minority populations, African American communities are the most disproportionately impacted and affected by HIV/AIDS (CDC, 2009; CDC, 2008). The chapters in this volume seek to explore factors that contribute to this disparity as well as methods for intervening and positively impacting the e- demic in the U. S. The book is divided into two sections. The first section includes chapters that explore specific contextual and structural factors related to HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention in African Americans. The second section is composed of chapters that address the latest in intervention strategies, including best-evidence and promising-evidence based behavioral interventions, program evaluation, cost effectiveness analyses and HIV testing and counseling. As background for the book, the Introduction provides a summary of the context and importance of other infectious disease rates, (i. e. , sexually transmitted diseases [STDs] and tubercu- sis), to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment in African Americans and a brief introductory discussion on the major contextual factors related to the acquisition and transmission of STDs/HIV. Contextual Chapters Johnson & Dean author the first chapter in this section, which discusses the history and epidemiology of HIV/AIDS among African Americans. Specifically, this ch- ter provides a definition for and description of the US surveillance systems used to track HIV/AIDS and presents data on HIV or AIDS cases diagnosed between 2002 and 2006 and reported to CDC as of June 30, 2007.

Socialising the Biomedical Turn in HIV Prevention

Author: Susan Kippax,Niamh Stephenson

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 178308507X

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 5447

This book concerns HIV prevention. In it the authors argue that until the world focuses its attention on the social issues carried and revealed by AIDS, it is unlikely that HIV transmission will be eradicated or even significantly reduced. The book argues that we are currently witnessing the remedicalisation or the continuing biomedicalisation of HIV prevention, which began in earnest after the development of successful HIV treatment, and that this biomedical trajectory continues with the increasing push to use HIV treatments as prevention, undermining what has been in many countries a successful prevention response. This wide-ranging study argues that HIV prevention involves enabling people and communities to discuss sex, sexuality and drug use and, informed by these discussion, devising locally effective strategies for promoting safe sexual and drug injection practices.

The New Public Health

Author: Theodore H. Tulchinsky,Elena Varavikova

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123708907

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 672

View: 5071

Linking classical public health and intervention with evolving healthcare strategies and policies for the 21st century, The New Public Health provides a broad perspective on current issues & the kinds of solutions & expectations needed in the future.

Beyond Condoms

Alternative Approaches to HIV Prevention

Author: Ann O'Leary

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306467313

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 242

View: 915

A growing view in HIV prevention is that the one-size-fits-all approach may not be the most effective public health strategy. Since the advent of this virus, male latex condoms have been the mainstay of prevention efforts.

Handbook of HIV Prevention

Author: John L. Peterson,Ralph J. DiClemente

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780306462238

Category: Medical

Page: 337

View: 6719

The Handbook of HIV Prevention is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the theories, methods and approaches for reducing HIV-asso ciated risk behaviors. It represents the first single source of inform ation about HIV prevention research in developed and developing countr ies. The Handbook addresses the subject of HIV prevention from two int errelated perspectives. First, it presents the seminal theories curren tly used to guide the development and implementation of HIV prevention interventions. Second, it describes prevention approaches for diverse populations at risk of HIV infection. This Handbook provides a compil ation of knowledge on HIV prevention by the leading authorities in the field, and will be an important resource for students, researchers an d clinicians in the field.

AIDS and Contemporary History

Author: Virginia Berridge,Philip Strong

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521521147

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 3407

A collection of essays on the 'pre-history' of the impact of AIDS, and its subsequent history.

HIV Screening and Access to Care:

Exploring the Impact of Policies on Access to and Provision of HIV Care

Author: Committee on HIV Screening and Access to Care,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309164192

Category: Medical

Page: 100

View: 2273

With the widespread use of highly active anti-retroviral treatment (HAART), HIV has become a chronic, rather than a fatal, disease. But for their treatment to succeed, patients require uninterrupted care from a health care provider and uninterrupted access to anti-HIV medications. The IOM identifies federal, state, and private health insurance policies that inhibit HIV-positive individuals from initiating or continuing their care.

Behavioral Interventions for Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Author: Sevgi O. Aral,John M. Douglas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387857680

Category: Medical

Page: 578

View: 2847

Before AIDS, the role of behavioral interventions in preventing transmission of sexually transmitted diseases was acknowledged in text books and journals but rarely promoted effectively in public health practice. This book addresses the complexities and social contexts of human behaviors which spread STDs, the cultural barriers to STD education, and the sociopolitical nuances surrounding treatment.

AIDS in the World

Author: Jonathan M. Mann,D. Tarantola

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674012653

Category: Medical

Page: 1037

View: 807

The impact of the AIDS pandemic on health systems and entire societies in the 1990s will be much more severe than it was in the 1980s; up-to-date information about the disease is now crucial. Yet even though readers are deluged by technical publications and popularizations, no single book tracks, on an annual basis, the evolution of the pandemic, its effects, and the worldwide response.

Adolescents and AIDS

a generation in jeopardy

Author: Ralph J. DiClemente

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 314

View: 9940

Recipient of Choice Magazine's 1993 Outstanding Academic Book Award There hasn't been a resource to inform readers about the HIV risk confronting our adolescent population--until now! In Adolescents and AIDS, leading researchers in health, medicine, sociology, and psychology describe the risks to this vulnerable population. Divided into three parts (epidemiology, prevention/risk reduction, and policy), this comprehensive book addresses not only adolescents in general, but includes specific chapters on high-risk populations such as minority, incarcerated, and homeless youth. The authors explore the data and theoretical underpinnings necessary for designing and implementing effective risk-reduction and prevention programs by approaching the AIDS epidemic as a social and developmental crisis that adolescents are ill-prepared to address. While proposing appropriate theoretical models for behavior change, the book also evaluates the effectiveness of various intervention strategies ranging from school-based programs to mass-media approaches and offers public policy recommendations for intervening for this population. Health professionals, researchers, policy analysts, clinicians counselors and students will find this timely text a valuable resource. "DiClemente has assembled a renowned group of researchers and behavioral scientists to develop and disseminate information on effective HIV/AIDS prevention programs for youth. . . . [His] objective in this edited work was to bridge the chasm between epidemiology, behavior change theory, prevention research, and public policy. The knowledge from these four areas were brought together with skill, clarity, and timeliness. . . . DiClemente brought together a respected group of analysts who have both heightened the level of discussion and challenged new thinking." --Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare "Adolescents and AIDS is a timely and readable book that clearly identifies adolescents as a group or 'generation' threatened by the AIDS epidemic, and provides the reader with the means for understanding how that threat is posed and how it can be effectively addressed. . . .DiClemente and his contributors, all leaders in their respective fields, clearly document the extent of the existing problem of AIDS in adolescents. . . . One of this volume's greatest strengths is its multidisciplinary approach to the problem. . . . Each of the fifteen chapters addresses a distinct topic yet contains or concludes with a discussion of how the material applies to policy, programming, or practice. The result is an integrated and focused, yet broad address of the multifaceted problem of adolescents and their risk for AIDS. . . . This volume comprehensively addresses the multifaceted problems of AIDS, risk behavior, and adolescents. DiClemente and his fellow-contributors have put together an insightful text that can be used to guide decision-making in clinical practice, program design, and policy development. This book should be required reading for anyone who works with families and adolescents in the fields of education, mental health, health care, and social service, and/or is concerned with the current and future well-being of adolescents and young adults." --Child, Youth & Family Services Quarterly "The editor has done a remarkable job in collecting information. . . . This book should be required reading by all people who are concerned with the youths of today and the problems they face with AIDS. This includes behavioral and medical researchers, counselors, practitioners, policy analysts, program administrators, planners, and others. Highly recommended for all libraries." --AIDS Book Review Journal "The chapters are all by leading individuals and present the cutting edge of what is known about adolescents and AIDS. I have especially enjoyed those articles that talk about theory, design, and evaluation. These are very difficult to find in the normal literature that is available. In fact, I am using a number of chapters from the book in my class on Assessment and Treatment of Adolescent Problems. . . . The volume has also been extremely useful to me as a reference work when I need to cross-check various issues. It has both breadth and depth concerning adolescents and AIDS, which makes it extremely useful to researchers and teachers in the field." --Arlene Rubin Stiffman, George Warren Brown School of Social Work "This is a marvelous book that brings together the leading experts from many fields to focus on HIV in adolescents. It contains illuminating discussions of youth-at-risk, the epidemiology of AIDS, policy perspectives, and strategies that will stem the epidemic. The chapters contain the latest findings from research-in-progress that informs our thinking about the risk of HIV in adolescents and material practical to clinical work, ethical concerns, and prevention efforts. This information will help any professional concerned with adolescents better understand what we know about the complex impact of HIV upon adolescents and recognize the areas that are yet to be explored. Anyone who works with adolescents will find this book informative, helpful, and stimulating." --Larry K. Brown, M.D., Rhode Island Hospital and Brown University "AIDS/HIV as it affects adolescents is thoroughly discussed via three principal areas, i.e., epidemiology, prevention, and policy/legal perspectives. Individual authors provide a wealth of statistics and data to emphasize the growing risk and impact that HIV/AIDS is having on young people. . . . The use of mass media is very effectively addressed in one chapter and includes the overall effectiveness, e.g., credibility, exposure, influence; cost and feasibility; and barriers. This well-written, well-documented work teems with important, relevant information and would make a valuable addition to any type of library." --Choice "...The success of the book...is in the strength achieved by collecting a thoughtful, well-integrated source book that has the potential to be of use to behavioral and medical researchers, practitioners, program administrators, and policy analysts." --Alice Radosh, Ph.D., Director of AIDS Evaluation Projects

Atlas of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS E-Book

Author: Stephen A. Morse,King K. Holmes,Ronald C. Ballard

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702047643

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 7887

The Atlas of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS, 4th Edition, by Drs. Stephen A. Morse, King K. Holmes, Adele A. Moreland, MD, and Ronald C. Ballard, provides you with an exclusive gallery of STD and AIDS images so you can better diagnose and treat these diseases. Approximately 1,100 unique images – most in full color and 30% new to this edition – depict the clinical signs associated with each type of infection. You’ll also find expert guidance on new vaccines, screening techniques, treatment guidelines, and best practices in the field. Get expert advice on the tests available to reach a definitive diagnosis and review therapeutic options, treatment guidelines, prevention strategies, and management of complications. Access appendices on the selection and evaluation of diagnostic tests, quality control, and test technologies. Effectively diagnose all types of STDs and HIV/AIDS with approximately 1,100 images—most in full color and more than 30% new to this edition―that depict the epidemiology as well as the clinical manifestations of these diseases. Effectively utilize new vaccines for HPV and Hepatitis B, new screening tests for Chlamydia, new drugs under development, new treatment guidelines and best practices in HIV screening, and much more.

Histories of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Philip Setel,Milton James Lewis,Maryinez Lyons

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313297151

Category: Medical

Page: 267

View: 2419

In a series of case studies of sexually transmitted disease and HIV/AIDS from around Africa, contributors examine the social, cultural, and political-economic bases of risk, transmission, and response to epidemic disease. This book brings together major contributions to the historical study of epidemic disease in developing countries and considers how particular constellations of cultural, social, political, and economic factors in different countries have affected the historical patterns of disease and collective (official and community) response to them. This book is a companion volume to Sex, Disease, and Society: A Comparative History of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (Greenwood, 1997). From this endeavor to provide insight into the conjunctions and disjunctions between the histories of STDs and the AIDS pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa certain common issues have emerged. These include medical ambiguity and epidemiologic diversity; cultural change; racism; gender, labor migration, and economic instability; and the practice of biomedicine and epidemiology in African contexts. All of these factors are embedded in the colonial legacy and post-colonial political economic conditions across the continent.

Community Interventions and AIDS

Author: Edison J. Trickett,Willo Pequegnat

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198036333

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 4767

As news headlines report staggering numbers of people infected with HIV or AIDS across the globe and as stereotypes of typical AIDS patients become less and less specific to particular sexual orientations and ethnic backgrounds, the AIDS pandemic shows little sign of relenting. AIDS crosses geopolitical and social barriers, and social and behavioral scientists are confronted with the new challenge of developing scientific inquiry and corresponding interventions around participatory, community-based, and community-focused methods. These interventions are increasingly targeting the contextual influences on individual behavior, such as peer groups, social networks and support systems, and community norms. Community-level interventions also draw on local resources and are respectful of sociocultural circumstances and traditions. This book articulates how the social and behavioral sciences can respond to HIV/AIDS. It is written for all who have a stake in AIDS research, stimulating discussion and debate about the natures of community research and intervention broadly across such disciplines as public health, community health education, urban planning, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and philosophy of science. The book proposes alternative perspectives on means of ascertaining knowledge about the HIV/AIDS pandemic and the inclusion of community collaboration in interventions.

HIV/Aids in Georgia

Addressing the Crisis

Author: Tamar Gotsadze,Mukesh Chawla,Ketevan Chkatarashvili

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821357149

Category: Medical

Page: 48

View: 4294

This book describes the characteristics of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Georgia and assesses it's potential effect on the country's economic growth and on sectors, such as agriculture, transport, labor markets, health care and social security. It carefully analyses the strengths and shortcomings of the National Response and identifies potential areas and strategic actions for strengthening National Response capabilities. The book also provides projections of prevalence rates for 2000-2015 and their impact on population demographics. The paper outlines the main barriers to the development of a comprehensive multi-sector national action plan and defines options for World Bank involvement.

The Complete HIV/AIDS Teaching Kit

With CD-ROM

Author: Angela Amarillas, MA,Alana Conner, PhD,Diana Dull Akers, PhD,Julie Solomon, PhD,Ralph J. DiClemente, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826103703

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 1411

A unique multi-media teaching kit for those instructing clients, staff, and students about HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS has rapidly emerged as one of the greatest threats to human health in the 21st century. In the absence of a cure, prevention remains a crucial strategy for reducing its impact. It is critically important to understand not only the science of the disease, but also the behavioral and sociocultural influences that both facilitate and prevent the spread of HIV. In a concise and convenient format The Complete HIV/AIDS Teaching Kit provides a multidisciplinary approach to teaching the biomedical, social, psychological, and behavioral aspects of HIV transmission, prevention and treatment--offering readers a full understanding of the disease. Helpful teaching tools like learning objectives, key medical and science terms, discussion questions, and quizzes are just a few of the resources included in the text to make counseling clients, leading group discussions, teaching students, or offering outreach in your community more accessible and effective. The CD Includes: PowerPoint slides In-classroom learning activities Supplemental homework assignments Recommended reading lists Web resources And much more! Use the companion volume, Tools for Building Culturally Competent HIV Prevention Programs to answer all your questions about program structure, effectiveness, goals, recruitment, evaluation, and more.

Public Health Nursing - E-Book

Population-Centered Health Care in the Community

Author: Marcia Stanhope,Jeanette Lancaster

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323294103

Category: Medical

Page: 1128

View: 7204

Now in its 8th edition, the "gold standard" in community health nursing provides comprehensive and up-to-date content to keep you at the forefront of the ever-changing community health climate and prepare you for an effective nursing career. In addition to a solid foundation in concepts and interventions for individuals, families, and communities, you will find real-life applications of the public nurse's role, Healthy People 2020 initiatives, new chapters on forensics and genomics, plus timely coverage of disaster management and important client populations such as pregnant teens, the homeless, immigrants, and more. Evidence-Based Practice boxes illustrate how the latest research findings apply to public/community health nursing. Separate chapters on disease outbreak investigation and disaster management describe the nurse's role in surveilling public health and managing these types of threats to public health. Separate unit on the public/community health nurse's role describes the different roles and functions of the public/community health nurse within the community. Levels of Prevention boxes show how community/public health nurses deliver health care interventions at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of prevention. What Do You Think?, Did You Know?, and How To? boxes use practical examples and critical thinking exercises to illustrate chapter content. The Cutting Edge highlights significant issues and new approaches to community-oriented nursing practice. Practice Application provides case studies with critical thinking questions. Separate chapters on community health initiatives thoroughly describe different approaches to promoting health among populations. Appendixes offer additional resources and key information, such as screening and assessment tools and clinical practice guidelines. Linking Content to Practice boxes provide real-life applications for chapter content. NEW! Healthy People 2020 feature boxes highlight the goals and objectives for promoting health and wellness over the next decade. NEW! The Nurse in Forensics chapter focuses on the unique role of forensic nurses in public health and safety, interpersonal violence, mass violence, and disasters. NEW! Genomics in Public Health Nursing chapter includes a history of genetics and genomics and their impact on public/community health nursing care.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Author: Bhushan Kumar,Somesh Gupta

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 8131229785

Category: Medical

Page: 1422

View: 7922

Covers all aspects (historical, epidemiological, diagnostic, clinical, preventative, public health and medico-legal) of STIs in complete detail with a special emphasis on STIs in special groups—migrants, homosexuals, and sexually abused. Covers basic and laboratory sciences extensively to blend with the basics required by the clinician for proper understanding of the disease process. Clinical photographs, illustrations, photographs of specimens and cultures, histopathology, flow charts and line diagrams are given extensively throughout the text to make relevant clinical situation self-explanatory. Has very useful and practical information for even the clinician in the periphery, where the investigative component is either non-existent or very basic and many new drugs are not available or unaffordable. Management of HIV in adults and children in resource-poor countries has been covered extensively along with syndromic management of STIs. This enables a physician to choose from approaches in a particular situation depending upon the available means—laboratory or therapeutic. Covers sexual dysfunction in both men and women and the basics of human sexual behavior and sexual health. Section Editors and Contributors from all continents of the world have made this a truly global reference book. It is a useful reference text for epidemiologists, public health experts, clinicians, microbiologists, health workers, social organizations and counselors working in the field of STIs, sexual health, and HIV.

The AIDS Pandemic

Impact on Science and Society

Author: Kenneth H. Mayer,H.F. Pizer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080475806

Category: Medical

Page: 520

View: 9344

The AIDS Pandemic explores the ways in which HIV/AIDS has, and continues to transform the wide range of related disciplines it touches. Novel perspectives are provided by a unique panel of internationally recognised experts who cover the unprecedented impact onf AIDS on culture, demographics and politics around the world, including how it affected the worlds' economy, health sciences, epidemiology and public health. This important far- reaching analysis uses the lessons learned from a wide array of disciplines to help us understand the current status and evolution of the pandemic, as it continues to evolve. * Unique and timely presentation of new theories and perspectives * Concentrates on the changes that have taken place in a broad array of related disciplines * Provides key contextual information, for those new to the field or at interface areas between disciplines * Includes an international focus on evolving African and Asian experiences * Focuses on the current strategies for developing vaccines and microbicides * Outlines harm reduction and prevention programs * Explores issues related to delivery of life-saving AIDS medications in resource-constrained environments