The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention

Personal, Public and Health Systems Approaches

Author: Sevgi O. Aral,Kevin A. Fenton,Judith A. Lipshutz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461445264

Category: Medical

Page: 439

View: 4322

Despite effective approaches to prevention, STD and HIV infection rates remain fairly constant. Targeting, implementation, and monitoring of interventions have posed widespread problems, and the recent spate of cuts to prevention budgets has made these roadblocks even more challenging. It is clear that working in sexual health requires both a deeper understanding of STI/HIV epidemiology and an ongoing quest for up-to-date, realistic prevention strategies. The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention offers readers leading-edge access to both. Focusing on social determinants of sexual health, at-risk populations, critical factors in approaches to prevention, and reviews of new research, this authoritative volume explores areas as varied as HPV prevention, technology-based interventions, migration as a factor in disease transmission, and competencies key to effective leadership in the field. Dispatches from the frontlines of theory, research, and practice in the U.S. and abroad include: Personal risk, public impact: balancing individual rights and STD/HIV prevention. Distribution of prevention resources and its impact on sexual health. Prevention measures in diverse populations of women. Toward a better approach to preventive interventions with men who have sex with men. Adolescent sexual health and STIs. Reducing disparities in sexual health: lessons from the campaign to eliminate infectious syphilis. Public health professionals of all backgrounds interested in or working in improving sexual health will find The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention an indispensable guide to conceptualizing the problems and clarifying possible solutions.

Behavioral Interventions for Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Author: Sevgi O. Aral,John M. Douglas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387857680

Category: Medical

Page: 578

View: 9893

Before AIDS, the role of behavioral interventions in preventing transmission of sexually transmitted diseases was acknowledged in text books and journals but rarely promoted effectively in public health practice. This book addresses the complexities and social contexts of human behaviors which spread STDs, the cultural barriers to STD education, and the sociopolitical nuances surrounding treatment.

Sex, Disease, and Society

A Comparative History of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific

Author: Milton James Lewis,Scott Bamber,M. Waugh

Publisher: Praeger Security International


Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 296

View: 7515

This work identifies significant factors influencing, on the one hand, the historical pattern of sexually acquired diseases in 12 countries in Asia and the Pacific and, on the other hand, factors shaping the government and community responses to that pattern. Contributors analyze the role of supranational forces such as colonialism and economic modernization as well as distinctive national factors. The geographic scope is wide, extending from India in the west, to China in the east, to Australia in the south. The chronological scope is equally ambitious and contributors review two centuries or more of history, while also addressing the effect of the AIDS pandemic in a region of great social and economic dynamism. A number of factors including gender and economic inequality, as well as colonialism and economic growth, have been identified as important to the historical spread of sexually transmitted diseases and to the collective response of the spread. Quantitative data on disease incidence and mortality are used extensively throughout the book as are demographic, economic, and social statistics.

HIV Prevention

A Comprehensive Approach

Author: Kenneth H. Mayer,H.F. Pizer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080921297

Category: Medical

Page: 696

View: 5316

HIV/AIDS continues to be the pandemic of our times and there has not been a comprehensive medically based AIDS prevention book published in the last 5 years. It is estimated that 36 to 45 million people including 2-3 million children already are infected worldwide and an additional 4-7 million more are infected each year. There are about 6,000 new infections daily and about 12 million AIDS orphans. People receiving AIDS treatments feel well and have no detectable viral load, but still can infect others. And even when a vaccine is found, it will take many years before it can be administered across the developing world. * Discusses all aspects of AIDS prevention, from epidemiology, molecular immunology and virology to the principles of broad-based public health prevention interventions. * Special focus on the array of interventions that have been proven effective through rigorous study * Identifies new trends in HIV/AID epidemiology and their impact on creating and implementing prevention interventions * Incorporates virology, biology, infectious diseases, vaccinology, microbicides and research methodologies into AIDS prevention

Std/Hiv Prevention Action

Let's Protect Each Other

Author: Mph Samuel Frimpong MD,Samuel Frimpong

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595521371

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 288

View: 1714

" ... a practical guidebook to assist youth, young adults, and adults in protecting themselves from STD/HIV infections and the associated complications""--Page 4 of cover.

The Hidden Epidemic

Confronting Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Author: Committee on Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Publisher: National Academies


Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 5687

The results of an investigation by the U.S. Committee on Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases surveys the scope of sexually transmitted diseases and pronounces their proliferation a national health crisis.

Socialising the Biomedical Turn in HIV Prevention

Author: Susan Kippax,Niamh Stephenson

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 178308507X

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 4751

This book concerns HIV prevention. In it the authors argue that until the world focuses its attention on the social issues carried and revealed by AIDS, it is unlikely that HIV transmission will be eradicated or even significantly reduced. The book argues that we are currently witnessing the remedicalisation or the continuing biomedicalisation of HIV prevention, which began in earnest after the development of successful HIV treatment, and that this biomedical trajectory continues with the increasing push to use HIV treatments as prevention, undermining what has been in many countries a successful prevention response. This wide-ranging study argues that HIV prevention involves enabling people and communities to discuss sex, sexuality and drug use and, informed by these discussion, devising locally effective strategies for promoting safe sexual and drug injection practices.

The New Public Health

Author: Theodore H. Tulchinsky,Elena Varavikova

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123708907

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 672

View: 3253

Linking classical public health and intervention with evolving healthcare strategies and policies for the 21st century, The New Public Health provides a broad perspective on current issues & the kinds of solutions & expectations needed in the future.

Family and HIV/AIDS

Cultural and Contextual Issues in Prevention and Treatment

Author: Willo Pequegnat,Carl Bell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461404392

Category: Medical

Page: 364

View: 9394

Three decades into the HIV pandemic, the goals remain clear: reduce the number of infections,improve the health outcomes of those who are infected, and eliminate disparities in care. And one observation continues to gain credence: families are a powerful resource in preventing, adapting to, and coping with HIV. Recognizing their complex role as educators, mentors, and caregivers, Family and HIV/AIDS assembles a wealth of findings from successful prevention and intervention strategies and provides models for translating evidence into effective real-world practice. Chapters spotlight the differing roles of mothers and fathers in prevention efforts, clarify the need for family/community collaborations, and examine core issues of culture,ethnicity, gender, and diagnosis (e.g., minority families, adolescents with psychological disorders). Throughout, risk reduction and health promotion are shown as a viable public health strategy A reference with considerable utility across the health, mental health, and related disciplines,Family and HIV/AIDS will be a go-to resource for practitioners working with families, researchers studying at-risk populations, administrators seeking to create new (or evaluate existing)prevention and care programs, and policymakers involved in funding such programs.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Fourth Edition

Author: King Holmes,P. Sparling,Walter Stamm,Peter Piot,Judith Wasserheit,Lawrence Corey,Myron Cohen

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071417486

Category: Medical

Page: 2192

View: 482

The most respected, all-in-one global STD reference -- now in full-color A Doody's Core Title! 5 STAR DOODY'S REVIEW! "With a level of detail that is unmatched by any other textbook in the field of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), this book is the ultimate reference in this area . . . No question about it -- this book is the ultimate resource for information about sexually transmitted diseases. -- Doody's Review Service" With a level of detail and scientific rigor that no other text can match, Sexually Transmitted Diseases takes you through all aspects of STDs, from epidemiology to diagnosis and public health measures. Featuring an exciting new full-color format, the fourth edition of Sexually Transmitted Diseases delivers the most encyclopedic overview of the clinical, microbiological, and public health aspects of STDs, including HIV. Turn to any page, and you'll find essential coverage of critical new developments in vaccines and prevention, global epidemiology, new treatments, and much more. Features of the Fourth Edition: The ultimate sourcebook on STDs, with top-to-bottom coverage of all STDs and all etiologies, from bacteria to viruses and more Cutting-edge insights and clinically relevant perspectives from a distinguished roster of international authorities in medicine, infectious disease, and public health NEW! Brand-new chapters that cover: Drug Use and STDs, Cervical Cancer and STDs, Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in AIDS, Pregnancy and Bacterial STDs, Pregnancy and Perinatal Transmission of STDs, The Role of Primary Care Clinicians in Managing STDs, and STD and HIV Vaccines NEW! Eye-catching full-color format with hundreds of precise illustrations that drive home chapter concepts and help you visualize various conditions

Atlas of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS E-Book

Author: Stephen A. Morse,King K. Holmes,Ronald C. Ballard

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702047643

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 6889

The Atlas of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS, 4th Edition, by Drs. Stephen A. Morse, King K. Holmes, Adele A. Moreland, MD, and Ronald C. Ballard, provides you with an exclusive gallery of STD and AIDS images so you can better diagnose and treat these diseases. Approximately 1,100 unique images – most in full color and 30% new to this edition – depict the clinical signs associated with each type of infection. You’ll also find expert guidance on new vaccines, screening techniques, treatment guidelines, and best practices in the field. Get expert advice on the tests available to reach a definitive diagnosis and review therapeutic options, treatment guidelines, prevention strategies, and management of complications. Access appendices on the selection and evaluation of diagnostic tests, quality control, and test technologies. Effectively diagnose all types of STDs and HIV/AIDS with approximately 1,100 images—most in full color and more than 30% new to this edition―that depict the epidemiology as well as the clinical manifestations of these diseases. Effectively utilize new vaccines for HPV and Hepatitis B, new screening tests for Chlamydia, new drugs under development, new treatment guidelines and best practices in HIV screening, and much more.

African Americans and HIV/AIDS

Understanding and Addressing the Epidemic

Author: Donna Hubbard McCree, PhD, MPH, RPh,Kenneth Terrill Jones, MSW,Ann O'Leary, PhD

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387783215

Category: Medical

Page: 324

View: 9147

Among U. S. racial and ethnic minority populations, African American communities are the most disproportionately impacted and affected by HIV/AIDS (CDC, 2009; CDC, 2008). The chapters in this volume seek to explore factors that contribute to this disparity as well as methods for intervening and positively impacting the e- demic in the U. S. The book is divided into two sections. The first section includes chapters that explore specific contextual and structural factors related to HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention in African Americans. The second section is composed of chapters that address the latest in intervention strategies, including best-evidence and promising-evidence based behavioral interventions, program evaluation, cost effectiveness analyses and HIV testing and counseling. As background for the book, the Introduction provides a summary of the context and importance of other infectious disease rates, (i. e. , sexually transmitted diseases [STDs] and tubercu- sis), to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment in African Americans and a brief introductory discussion on the major contextual factors related to the acquisition and transmission of STDs/HIV. Contextual Chapters Johnson & Dean author the first chapter in this section, which discusses the history and epidemiology of HIV/AIDS among African Americans. Specifically, this ch- ter provides a definition for and description of the US surveillance systems used to track HIV/AIDS and presents data on HIV or AIDS cases diagnosed between 2002 and 2006 and reported to CDC as of June 30, 2007.

No Time to Lose:

Getting More from HIV Prevention

Author: Committee on HIV Prevention Strategies in the United States,Institute of Medicine,Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309071372

Category: Medical

Page: 260

View: 5549

The United States has spent two productive decades implementing a variety of prevention programs. While these efforts have slowed the rate of infection, challenges remain. The United States must refocus its efforts to contain the spread of HIV and AIDS in a way that would prevent as many new HIV infections as possible. No Time to Lose presents the Institute of Medicine's framework for a national prevention strategy.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

A Physician Tells You What You Need to Know

Author: Lisa Marr

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 142140172X

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 392

View: 1407

Forthright, compassionate, and practical, this guide is a trusted source of advice for anyone who is sexually active.

Beyond Condoms

Alternative Approaches to HIV Prevention

Author: Ann O'Leary

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306467313

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 242

View: 4244

A growing view in HIV prevention is that the one-size-fits-all approach may not be the most effective public health strategy. Since the advent of this virus, male latex condoms have been the mainstay of prevention efforts.

HIV Screening and Access to Care:

Exploring the Impact of Policies on Access to and Provision of HIV Care

Author: Committee on HIV Screening and Access to Care,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309164192

Category: Medical

Page: 100

View: 9304

With the widespread use of highly active anti-retroviral treatment (HAART), HIV has become a chronic, rather than a fatal, disease. But for their treatment to succeed, patients require uninterrupted care from a health care provider and uninterrupted access to anti-HIV medications. The IOM identifies federal, state, and private health insurance policies that inhibit HIV-positive individuals from initiating or continuing their care.

Behavioral Interventions for Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Author: Sevgi O. Aral,John M. Douglas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387857680

Category: Medical

Page: 578

View: 3734

Before AIDS, the role of behavioral interventions in preventing transmission of sexually transmitted diseases was acknowledged in text books and journals but rarely promoted effectively in public health practice. This book addresses the complexities and social contexts of human behaviors which spread STDs, the cultural barriers to STD education, and the sociopolitical nuances surrounding treatment.

AIDS and Contemporary History

Author: Virginia Berridge,Philip Strong

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521521147

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 689

A collection of essays on the 'pre-history' of the impact of AIDS, and its subsequent history.

No Magic Bullet

A Social History of Venereal Disease in the United States Since 1880

Author: Allan M. Brandt

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195042375

Category: Medical

Page: 266

View: 9718

This expanded edition of Brandt's analysis of the treatment of venereal diseases since the 1880s includes a new chapter on the recent AIDS epidemic.

AIDS Activism, Science and Community Across Three Continents

Author: Robert Lorway

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319421999

Category: Medical

Page: 153

View: 2285

This book critically examines the many complex entanglements between AIDS activism and HIV science. It takes readers on a medical anthropological expedition across time and space that highlights the stakes from the perspective of those most affected by the epidemic. Author Robert Lorway reveals how early in the HIV epidemic, amid inadequate government leadership, communities of people living with and directly affected by HIV and AIDS rose to become a vital force at the forefront of prevention responses. Yet now, more than three decades later, HIV prevention and treatment is increasingly being placed under the jurisdiction of clinical, epidemiological, and management scientific expertise. In this kind of context, where does activism figure into the possibility of more democratized collaborations between affected communities, scientists, and policy makers? Coverage draws upon the findings from an array of community research projects conducted in Canada, India, and Kenya over a 22-year period. It weaves together rich, original data sources that range from in-depth qualitative interviews, field notes, and primary and secondary archival document retrievals in these three regions. Offering a rich diversity in perspectives, this book tackles the broader themes related to global health policy, science, and transnational activism at the same time as it highlights the experiences and local arenas where debates about activism and science play out. In the end, Lorway questions the growing expectation for affected communities themselves to produce sound evidence to legitimize their advocacy projects. He calls for the planners and implementers of biomedically oriented HIV research and interventions to more meaningfully engage with communities in ways that de-monopolize decision making as a matter of ethics and improved scientific practice.