The Origin and Nature of Life on Earth

The Emergence of the Fourth Geosphere

Author: Eric Smith,Harold J. Morowitz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107121884

Category: Science

Page: 840

View: 1583

Uniting the foundations of physics and biology, this groundbreaking multidisciplinary and integrative book explores life as a planetary process.

Young Sun, Early Earth and the Origins of Life

Lessons for Astrobiology

Author: Muriel Gargaud,Herve Martin,Purificación López-García,Thierry Montmerle,Robert Pascal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642225527

Category: Science

Page: 301

View: 2610

- How did the Sun come into existence? - How was the Earth formed? - How long has Earth been the way it is now, with its combination of oceans and continents? - How do you define “life”? - How did the first life forms emerge? - What conditions made it possible for living things to evolve? All these questions are answered in this colourful textbook addressing undergraduate students in "Origins of Life" courses and the scientifically interested public. The authors take the reader on an amazing voyage through time, beginning five thousand million years ago in a cloud of interstellar dust and ending five hundred million years ago, when the living world that we see today was finally formed. A chapter on exoplanets provides an overview of the search for planets outside the solar system, especially for habitable ones. The appendix closes the book with a glossary, a bibliography of further readings and a summary of the Origins of the Earth and life in fourteen boxes.

Beginnings of Cellular Life

Metabolism Recapitulates Biogenesis

Author: Harold J. Morowitz

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300102109

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 4349

Develops a model of the origin of life in which cells originate first, proteins follow, and genes evolve last, which is supported by evidence mustered from biology, biochemistry, and biophysics. This work explores the origins of life and is for anyone who has ever thought seriously about the origin of life.

Blueprint for a cell

the nature and origin of life

Author: Christian De Duve

Publisher: Carolina Biological Supply Co


Category: Nature

Page: 275

View: 6134

The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited

Author: Brett Calcott,Kim Sterelny

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262294539

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 5016

In 1995, John Maynard Smith and Eörs Szathmáry published their influential book The Major Transitions in Evolution. The "transitions" that Maynard Smith and Szathmáry chose to describe all constituted major changes in the kinds of organisms that existed but, most important, these events also transformed the evolutionary process itself. The evolution of new levels of biological organization, such as chromosomes, cells, multicelled organisms, and complex social groups radically changed the kinds of individuals natural selection could act upon. Many of these events also produced revolutionary changes in the process of inheritance, by expanding the range and fidelity of transmission, establishing new inheritance channels, and developing more open-ended sources of variation. Maynard Smith and Szathmáry had planned a major revision of their work, but the death of Maynard Smith in 2004 prevented this. In this volume, prominent scholars (including Szathmáry himself) reconsider and extend the earlier book's themes in light of recent developments in evolutionary biology. The contributors discuss different frameworks for understanding macroevolution, prokaryote evolution (the study of which has been aided by developments in molecular biology), and the complex evolution of multicellularity.

Cosmic joy and local pain

musings of a mystic scientist

Author: Harold J. Morowitz

Publisher: Macmillan Pub Co


Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 321

View: 4709

Integrating science, philosophy, and religion, the author shows the reader how to look at the most basic phenomena of life in new ways

The Origins of Life

A Subject Collection from Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology

Author: D. W. Deamer,Jack W. Szostak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781936113040

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 4777

Providing a comprehensive account of the environment of the early Earth and descriptions of how the first self-replicating systems emerged from prebiotic chemistry and evolved into primitive cell-like entities, this book is an essential reference for those interested in the origin of life on Earth.

First Life

Discovering the Connections Between Stars, Cells, and How Life Began

Author: David Deamer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520274458

Category: Nature

Page: 271

View: 2074

Presents an exploration of the origin of life, including when and where life began, how cells are built, and evolution.

From Matter to Life

Information and Causality

Author: Sara Imari Walker,Paul C. W. Davies,George F. R. Ellis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107150531

Category: Science

Page: 543

View: 1208

Recent advances suggest that the concept of information might hold the key to unravelling the mystery of life's nature and origin. Fresh insights from a broad and authoritative range of articulate and respected experts focus on the transition from matter to life, and hence reconcile the deep conceptual schism between the way we describe physical and biological systems. A unique cross-disciplinary perspective, drawing on expertise from philosophy, biology, chemistry, physics, and cognitive and social sciences, provides a new way to look at the deepest questions of our existence. This book addresses the role of information in life, and how it can make a difference to what we know about the world. Students, researchers, and all those interested in what life is and how it began will gain insights into the nature of life and its origins that touch on nearly every domain of science.

The Emergence of Life

From Chemical Origins to Synthetic Biology

Author: Pier Luigi Luisi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107092396

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 8940

This fully updated and expanded edition addresses the origins of biological and synthetic life from a systems biology perspective.

The Origin of Life Circus

A How to Make Life Extravaganza

Author: Suzan Mazur

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780692308493

Category: Life

Page: 450

View: 1324

The Origin Of Life Circus: A How To Make Life Extravaganza investigates the politics of origin of life science and synthesizing of life. Suzan Mazur, whose coverage of science began decades ago at Hearst Magazines, takes you into the lab and in conversation with dozens of the world's greatest thinkers on the subject of origin of life - among them: Jack Szostak, Freeman Dyson, Carl Woese, Dimitar Sasselov, Matthew Powner, James Simons, Harry Lonsdale, Stu Kauffman, Andrew Pohorille, Steve Benner, Dave Deamer, Nigel Goldenfeld, Pier Luigi Luisi, Lawrence Krauss, Lee Smolin, Nick Lane, Jaron Lanier, and more.

Lyapunov Exponents

A Tool to Explore Complex Dynamics

Author: Arkady Pikovsky,Antonio Politi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316467708

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1165

Lyapunov exponents lie at the heart of chaos theory, and are widely used in studies of complex dynamics. Utilising a pragmatic, physical approach, this self-contained book provides a comprehensive description of the concept. Beginning with the basic properties and numerical methods, it then guides readers through to the most recent advances in applications to complex systems. Practical algorithms are thoroughly reviewed and their performance is discussed, while a broad set of examples illustrate the wide range of potential applications. The description of various numerical and analytical techniques for the computation of Lyapunov exponents offers an extensive array of tools for the characterization of phenomena such as synchronization, weak and global chaos in low and high-dimensional set-ups, and localization. This text equips readers with all the investigative expertise needed to fully explore the dynamical properties of complex systems, making it ideal for both graduate students and experienced researchers.

The Pursuit of Perfection

Aspects of Biochemical Evolution

Author: Athel Cornish-Bowden

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198520955

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 5813

The term Biochemical Evolution is used to describe the evolution of the biochemical processes and components of living organisms, such as the structure and function of biologically important molecules, metabolic pathways, subcellular structures, and cells. Although a relatively new subject, this field of research has already received great interest from both academia and industry because the principles and theory behind biochemical evolution have enormous potential in the creation and development of new biologically active compounds, drugs, and treatments for disease. However, almost every book that discusses evolution has ignored the role that biochemical evolution plays, and so in his new book, Athel Cornish-Bowden attempts to fill the knowledge gap for students, professional scientists and all interested individuals. In The Pursuit of Perfection the author explains how the biochemical processes that occur in living cells, long thought to be evidence of intelligent design rather than evolution, can now be understood as the result of natural selection. For example, the initial impression that metabolic pathways consist of an almost haphazard collection of reactions that happen to do the job turns out to be quite false. When detailed studies are made to see how the actual organization of a process compares with other ways of achieving the same result, the one found in living organisms is found to be the best possible, or at least very close to it. The style, content and organisation of the book are intended to make the book accessible, interesting, and fun to read for both scientists, students, and scientifically-minded individuals.

Clay Minerals and the Origin of Life

Author: Alexander Graham Cairns-Smith

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521324083

Category: Science

Page: 193

View: 7747

This volume is the edited proceedings of a conference seeking to clarify the possible role of clays in the origin of life on Earth. At the heart of the problem of the origin of life lie fundamental questions such as: What kind of properties is a model of a primitive living system required to exhibit and what would its most plausible chemical and molecular makeup be? Answers to these questions have traditionally been sought in terms of properties that are held to be common to all contemporary organisms. However, there are a number of different ideas both on the nature and on the evolutionary priority of 'common vital properties', notably those based on protoplasmic, biochemical and genetic theories of life. This is therefore the first area for consideration in this volume and the contributors then examine to what extent the properties of clay match those required by the substance which acted as the template for life.

The Emergence of Everything

How the World Became Complex

Author: Harold J. Morowitz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199881200

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 6438

When the whole is greater than the sum of the parts--indeed, so great that the sum far transcends the parts and represents something utterly new and different--we call that phenomenon emergence. When the chemicals diffusing in the primordial waters came together to form the first living cell, that was emergence. When the activities of the neurons in the brain result in mind, that too is emergence. In The Emergence of Everything, one of the leading scientists involved in the study of complexity, Harold J. Morowitz, takes us on a sweeping tour of the universe, a tour with 28 stops, each one highlighting a particularly important moment of emergence. For instance, Morowitz illuminates the emergence of the stars, the birth of the elements and of the periodic table, and the appearance of solar systems and planets. We look at the emergence of living cells, animals, vertebrates, reptiles, and mammals, leading to the great apes and the appearance of humanity. He also examines tool making, the evolution of language, the invention of agriculture and technology, and the birth of cities. And as he offers these insights into the evolutionary unfolding of our universe, our solar system, and life itself, Morowitz also seeks out the nature of God in the emergent universe, the God posited by Spinoza, Bruno, and Einstein, a God Morowitz argues we can know through a study of the laws of nature. Written by one of our wisest scientists, The Emergence of Everything offers a fascinating new way to look at the universe and the natural world, and it makes an important contribution to the dialogue between science and religion.

DIY Solar Projects

How to Put the Sun to Work in Your Home

Author: Eric Smith

Publisher: Cool Springs Press

ISBN: 1589236033

Category: House & Home

Page: 160

View: 9735

Advances in solar technology have made many DIY-friendly products available to consumers, several of which will be hitting the market for the first time in 2011. These include solar water heaters, solar battery charging stations, solar powered lights, photovoltaic shingles that provide supplementary electricity, solar heat pumps, and solar panel kits that generate primary home electrical service. Among the step-by-step projects is a solar water heating system you can build and install yourself for under $1000; simple thermosyphon solar heat collectors for barns and outbuildings; or "heat grabbers" that you can fabricate for $50 in materials and position below a south-facing window to provide auxiliary winter heat.

Biosphere Origin and Evolution

Author: Nikolay Dobretsov,Nikolay Kolchanov,Alexey Rozanov,Georgy Zavarzin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387686561

Category: Science

Page: 437

View: 5534

This monograph contains articles based on the oral presentations given at the International Workshop on the Biosphere Origin and Evolution (BOE 2005) held in Novosibirsk, Russia, June 26-29, 2005. The organizers of the event were the Scientific Programme of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, which involves 50 institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

The Vital Question

Why Is Life the Way It Is?

Author: Nick Lane

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781781250365


Page: 352

View: 3285

Why is life the way it is? Bacteria evolved into complex life just once in four billion years of life on earth - and all complex life shares many strange properties, from sex to ageing and death. If life evolved on other planets, would it be the same or completely different?In The Vital Question, Nick Lane radically reframes evolutionary history, putting forward a cogent solution to conundrums that have troubled scientists for decades. The answer, he argues, lies in energy: how all life on Earth lives off a voltage with the strength of a bolt of lightning. In unravelling these scientific enigmas, making sense of life's quirks, Lane's explanation provides a solution to life's vital questions: why are we as we are, and why are we here at all? This is ground-breaking science in an accessible form, in the tradition of Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species, Richard Dawkins' The Selfish Gene, and Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs and Steel.

The Future of Nature

Documents of Global Change

Author: Libby Robin,Sverker Sorlin,Paul Warde

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300188471

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 4851

This anthology provides an historical overview of the scientific ideas behind environmental prediction and how, as predictions about environmental change have been taken more seriously and widely, they have affected politics, policy, and public perception. Through an array of texts and commentaries that examine the themes of progress, population, environment, biodiversity and sustainability from a global perspective, it explores the meaning of the future in the twenty-first century. Providing access and reference points to the origins and development of key disciplines and methods, it will encourage policy makers, professionals, and students to reflect on the roots of their own theories and practices.

Emergent Chemical Evolution

The Origin of Life Solved

Author: Eduardo Hernandez

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781985398467


Page: 142

View: 6706

Emergent Chemical Evolution is a bold new theory that fills in all the gaps of how life started! A bold new theory that has peer-reviewed articles supporting every one of its steps. Peer-reviewed articles written by 23 world leading researchers from 8 different traditional (non-origin of life) disciplines. Using results from traditional research to solve this problem leaves little doubt that this is the correct solution. Instead of guessing at chemical reactions never before seen in nature; the author uses reactions and phenomena observed in life as reported in these peer-reviewed articles. Finally, within your reach is the answer that man has been searching for millennia!