The Oxford History of English Lexicography:Volume I: General-Purpose Dictionaries; Volume II: Specialized Dictionaries

Volume I: General-Purpose Dictionaries; Volume II: Specialized Dictionaries

Author: A. P. Cowie

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199285624

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1017

View: 3684

These substantial volumes present the fullest account yet published of the lexicography of English from its origins in medieval glosses, through its rapid development in the eighteenth century, to a fully-established high-tech industry that is as reliant as ever on learning and scholarship. The history covers dictionaries of English and its national varieties, including American English, with numerous references to developments in Europe and elsewhere which have influenced thecourse of English lexicography.Part one of Volume I explores the early development of glosses and bilingual and multilingual dictionaries and examines their influence on lexicographical methods and ideas. Part two presents a systematic history of monolingual dictionaries of English and includes extensive chapters on Johnson, Webster and his successors in the USA, and the OED. It also contains descriptions of the development of dictionaries of national and regional varieties, and of Old and Middle English, andconcludes with an account of the computerization of the OED.The specialized dictionaries described in Volume II include dictionaries of science, dialects, synonyms, etymology, pronunciation, slang and cant, quotations, phraseology, and personal and place names. This volume also includes an account of the inception and development of dictionaries developed for particular users, especially foreign learners of English.The Oxford History of English Lexicography unites scholarship with readability. It provides a unique and accessible reference for scholars and professional lexicographers and offers a series of fascinating encounters with the men and women involved over the centuries in the making of works of profound national and linguistic importance.

The Oxford history of English lexicography

General-purpose dictionaries

Author: Anthony Paul Cowie

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199285600

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page: 467

View: 1642

These volumes present a full account of the lexicography of English from its origins in medieval glosses, through its rapid development in the 18th century, to a fully-established high-tech industry that is as reliant as ever on learning and scholarship.

Vom Paläolithikum zur Postmoderne – Die Genese unseres Epochen-Systems

Bd. II: Das 18. und 19. Jahrhundert

Author: Andreas Kamp

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9027267995

Category: Philosophy

Page: 326

View: 7543

Mit dem vorliegenden Buch setzen wir unsere Studie zur Genese der heutigen Epochen-Systematik fort. Aufgrund der ebenso vielfältigen wie profunden Transformationen, die während des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts stattfanden, konzentriert es sich, die Analyse der jüngeren Entwicklungen für den dritten Band reservierend, ganz auf diesen Zeitraum. Unter Fokussierung auf die führenden europäischen Volkssprachen (Englisch, Französisch, Deutsch, Italienisch, Spanisch, Portugiesisch) thematisieren wir jeweils zum einen die für die Anfänge bzw. Ausgestaltungen des konzeptionellen Wandels relevanten Literaten, zum anderen seine durch die ungemein reichhaltige Lexikographie dokumentierte Verbreitung. Detailliert berücksichtigt wird hierbei auch die signifikante, schon recht früh einsetzende Globalisierungstendenz, die sich in der kräftigen Resonanz des ursprünglich rein europäischen Konzepts in der autochthonen literarischen wie lexikographischen Produktion des anglo-, hispano- und lusophonen Amerika manifestierte. Der Adressatenkreis des Buches umfaßt Lehrende und Studierende der Geschichtswissenschaft im allgemeinen, der Historie zahlreicher weiterer Disziplinen wie etwa Geschichte der Philosophie, der Künste, des Rechts oder der Geologie, ferner der klassischen Philologie und ihrer modernen Pendants wie Anglistik, Romanistik oder Germanistik sowie, nicht zuletzt, der Lexikographie. --- The volume at hand is a continuation of our studies on the genesis of today’s system of epochs. Owing to the equally profound and multifarious transformations taking place in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, it focuses exclusively on this period, with an analysis of the most recent developments to follow in a third volume. In concentrating on the preeminent European vernaculars (English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese), we will lay special emphasis, for one, on the authors who were most influential concerning the beginnings and specific contents of conceptual changes. On the other hand, we will focus on the exceptional abundance of lexicographical sources to show how and when these transformations spread. Furthermore, the significant tendency to globalization, which can already be seen fairly early on, is given ample recognition in this context. Indeed, the autochthonous literary and lexicographical productions of Anglophone, Hispanophone and Lusophone America are manifestations of the vivid reverberations of a concept that was originally purely European. This publication addresses teachers and students of historical scholarship in general as well as of the subject-specific history of various disciplines such as history of philosophy, law or geology, art history, classical philology and their modern counterparts such as English, Romance or German Studies, and, last but not least, the history of lexicography.

Nachträge

Author: Herbert Ernst Wiegand

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110403226

Category: Reference

Page: 740

View: 1227

Die Titelnachträge im Band 4 der „Internationalen Bibliographie zur germanistischen Lexikographie und Wörterbuchforschung. Mit Berücksichtigung anglistischer, nordistischer, romanistischer, slavistischer und weiterer metalexikographischer Forschungen“ betreffen nicht nur den Zeitraum von 2007 bis 2014, sondern auch Arbeiten, die vor 2007 erschienen sind. Ein 5. Band, der das Sachregister enthält, erscheint voraussichtlich 2015.

Historische Lexikographie

Ideen, Verwirklichungen, Reflexionen an Beispielen des Deutschen, Niederländischen und Englischen

Author: Oskar Reichmann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110282690

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 598

View: 2293

Die historische Lexikographie des Deutschen, Niederländischen und Englischen erfolgt aus vergleichbaren ideologischen Motiven: Sie intendiert in ihren Anfängen die Lenkung des Benutzers auf die eigene Vorgeschichte, auf patriotische bzw. nationale Identitätsbildung, auf Bewusstmachung literarischer Höhenkämme und damit auf bildungsbürgerlich motivierte Kulturpädagogik. Neben diesen Anliegen stehen die Anforderungen der akademischen Disziplin Lexikographie. Diese zielt auf die Nennung des Wortschatzes einer Zeit, auf ihre semantische, syntaktische und pragmatische Beschreibung in einer hochgradig standardisierten Reihe von Informationspositionen. Der Band beschreibt, diskutiert und bewertet die Füllung dieser Positionen mittels fachlinguistischer Kriterien. Zur Sprache kommen: Das Lemma, die Morphologie, die Bedeutung, die Syntax, die Wortbildung, die Phraseme, die Pragmatik und die Belege, jeweils auf dem Hintergrund gesellschaftlich-ideologischer sowie fachlinguistischer Anliegen.

Multi-disciplinary Lexicography

Traditions and Challenges of the XXIst Century

Author: Olga M. Karpova,Faina I. Kartashkova

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 144386563X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 335

View: 4625

The present book is based on presentations made during the IXth International School on Lexicography, “Multi-disciplinary Lexicography: Traditions and Challenges of the XXIst Century”, at Ivanovo State University, September 8–10, 2011, and continues a series of collective monographs devoted to the theoretical and practical problems of lexicography, published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing in 2007, 2009 and 2010. The scope of topics discussed in four parts (Dictionary as a Cross-road of Language and Culture, Dictionary Use and Dictionary Criticism, Terminology and LSP Studies, and Projects of New Dictionaries) is rather wide and focuses on burning problems of European, Russian and world lexicography, as well as on projects of new dictionaries. This book will be of interest to theoreticians, practitioners, and students of linguistic faculties.

Multilingual Universities in South Africa

Reflecting Society in Higher Education

Author: Dr. Liesel Hibbert,Christa van der Walt

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1783091673

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 232

View: 9447

Focusing on the use of African languages in higher education, this book showcases South African higher education practitioners’ attempts to promote a multilingual ethos in their classes. It is a first-time overview of multilingual teaching and learning strategies that have been tried and tested in a number of higher education institutions in South Africa. Despite language-in-education policies that extol the virtues of multilingualism, practice remains oriented towards English-only learning and teaching. In the multilingual contexts of local campuses, this book shows how students and lecturers attempt to understand their multiple identities and use the available languages to create multilingual learning environments.

Cultures, Ideologies, and the Dictionary

Studies in Honor of Ladislav Zgusta

Author: Braj B. Kachru,Henry Kahane

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110957078

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 524

View: 8193

A pioneering volume addressing issues related to cultures, ideologies, and the dictionary. A cross-cultural and cross-linguistic study with focus on selected Western and non-Western languages. A number of in-depth case studies illustrates the dominant role ideology and other types of bias play in the making of a dictionary. The volume includes invited papers of 40 internationally recognized scholars.

Words of the World

A Global History of the Oxford English Dictionary

Author: Sarah Ogilvie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139789538

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 1950

Most people think of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) as a distinctly British product. Begun in England 150 years ago, it took more than 60 years to complete and, when it was finally finished in 1928, the British prime minister heralded it as a 'national treasure'. It maintained this image throughout the twentieth century, and in 2006 the English public voted it an 'Icon of England', alongside Marmite, Buckingham Palace and the bowler hat. However, this book shows that the dictionary is not as 'British' as we all thought. The linguist and lexicographer, Sarah Ogilvie, combines her insider knowledge and experience with impeccable research to show that the OED is in fact an international product in both its content and its making. She examines the policies and practices of the various editors, applies qualitative and quantitative analysis, and finds new OED archival materials in the form of letters, reports and proofs. She demonstrates that the OED, in its use of readers from all over the world and its coverage of World English, is in fact a global text.

Lexicography and the OED

Pioneers in the Untrodden Forest

Author: Lynda Mugglestone

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191583469

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 298

View: 3711

Lexicography and the OED: Pioneers in the Untrodden Forest sets out to explore the pioneering endeavours in both lexicography and lexicology which led to the making of the first English dictionary published by Oxford. Deliberately conceived as a new departure in English lexicography, the first OED, as James Murray stressed, was to be founded on an unequivocal return to first principles, both in the nature of its construction and in the evidence amassed for its compilation. It also produced, as this book shows, a host of problems: on the nature of Englishness, correctness, and general standards of language use, as well as in aspects of pronunciation, semantics, and syntax. Often making use of previously unpublished archive material, this collection of twelve essays provides both a range of perspectives from which the dictionary can be approached, and also explores the particular problems posed by the attempt to realize the pioneering acts of lexicography integral to the making of the dictionary.

The Year’s Work in Medievalism, 2011

Author: Edward L. Risden

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1621899012

Category: History

Page: 110

View: 2238

The Year's Work in Medievalism includes vetted essays from the Studies in Medievalism--now International Society for the Study of Medievalism--annual conference and from submissions to the editor throughout the year. The current volume includes a range of topics from medievalism in literature and art to the neomedievalism of movies and games. It includes these scholarly contributions: E. L. Risden, Introductory Letter from the Editor Gwendolyn Morgan, Recollections of Medievalism Richard Utz, Them Philologists: Philological Practices and Their Discontents from Nietzsche to Cerquiglini Clare Simmons, Really Ancient Druids in British Medievalist Drama Karl Fugelso, Neomedievalisms in Tom Phillips' Commedia Illustrations Jason Fisher, Some Contributions to Middle-earth Lexicography: Hapax Legomena in The Lord of the Rings Simon Roffey, The World of Warcraft: A Medievalist Perspective William Hodapp, Arthur, Beowulf, Robin Hood, and Hollywood's Desire for Origins M. J. Toswell, The Arthurian Landscapes of Guy Gavriel Kay

Der Mann, der die Wörter liebte

eine wahre Geschichte

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783813502251

Category: English language

Page: 283

View: 4137

Adventuring in Dictionaries

New Studies in the History of Lexicography

Author: John Considine

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 144382626X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 395

View: 2585

Adventuring in Dictionaries: New Studies in the History of Lexicography brings together seventeen papers on the making of dictionaries from the sixteenth century to the present day. The first five treat English and French lexicography in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Heberto Fernandez and Monique Cormier discuss the outside matter of French–English bilingual dictionaries; Kusujiro Miyoshi re-assesses the influence of Robert Cawdrey; John Considine uncovers the biography of Henry Cockeram; Antonella Amatuzzi discusses Pierre Borel’s use of his predecessors; and Fredric Dolezal investigates multi-word units in the dictionary of John Wilkins and William Lloyd. Linda Mitchell’s account of dictionaries as behaviour guides in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries leads on to Giovanni Iamartino’s presentation of words associated with women in the dictionary of Samuel Johnson, and Thora Van Male’s of the ornaments in the Encyclopédie. Nineteenth-century and subsequent topics are treated by Anatoly Liberman on the growth of the English etymological dictionary; Julie Coleman on dictionaries of rhyming slang; Laura Pinnavaia on Richardson’s New Dictionary and the changing vocabulary of English; Peter Gilliver on early editorial decisions and reconsiderations in the making of the Oxford English Dictionary; Anne Dykstra on the use of Latin as the metalanguage in Joost Halbertsma’s Lexicon Frisicum; Laura Santone on the “Dictionnaire critique” serialized in Georges Bataille’s Surrealist review Documents; Sylvia Brown on the stories of missionary lexicography behind the Eskimo–English Dictionary of 1925; and Michael Adams on the legacies of the Early Modern English Dictionary project. The diverse critical perspectives of the leading lexicographers and historians of lexicography who contribute to this volume are united by a shared interest in the close reading of dictionaries, and a shared concern with the making and reading of dictionaries as human activities, which cannot be understood without attention to the lives of the people who undertook them.

The First Century of English Monolingual Lexicography

Author: Kusujiro Miyoshi

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443893463

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 180

View: 3397

This book deals with monolingual English dictionaries from 1604 to 1702. The major scholarly reference works which individually treat early English dictionaries are De Witt Starnes and Gertrude Noyes’s English Dictionary from Cawdrey to Johnson: 1604–1755 (1946) and The Oxford History of English Lexicography (2009) edited by A. P. Cowie. However, when we proceed with reading the dictionaries with primary attention to their provision of lexical information, an array of deficiencies in Starnes and Noyes’s account stands out. There are two main reasons for these deficiencies; one is the fact that Starnes and Noyes’s analyses of the dictionaries are mainly made in accordance with the contents of their title pages and introductory materials, and the other is that the two authorities are excessively conscious of the external history of the dictionaries they discuss. The method of investigation of the dictionaries in this book differs greatly from these previous studies. Through it, various facts, which have been unnoticed for centuries, come to be revealed, including not only an array of historically significant methods for the lexical treatment of words and phrases, but also the highly creative use of other dictionaries in one specific dictionary, as well as the previously unrecognized direct and indirect influence of one dictionary on others.

Samuel Johnson and the Journey Into Words

Author: Lynda Mugglestone

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199679908

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 3025

Popular readings of Johnson as a dictionary-maker often see him as a writer who both laments and attempts to control the state of the language. Lynda Mugglestone looks at the range of Johnson's writings on, and the complexity of his thinking about, language and lexicography. She shows how these reveal him probing problems not just of meaning and use but what he considered the related issues of control, obedience, and justice, as well as the difficulties of power when exerted over the 'sea of words'. She examines his attitudes to language change, loan words, spelling, history, and authority, describing, too, the evolution of his ideas about the nature, purpose, and methods of lexicography, and shows how these reflect his own and others' thinking about politics, culture, and society. The book offers a careful reassessment of Johnson's prescriptive practice, examining in detail his commitment to evidence, and the uses to which this might be put. Dictionary-making, for Johnson, came to be seen as a long and difficult voyage round the world of the English language. While such images play their own role in lexicographical tradition, Johnson would, as this volume explores, also make them very much his own in a range of distinctive, and illuminating, ways. Johnson's metaphors invite us to consider-and reconsider-the processes by which a dictionary might be made and the kind of destination it might seek, as well as the state of language that might be reached by such endeavours. For Johnson, where the dictionary-maker might go, and what should be accomplished along the way, can often seem to raise pertinent and perhaps troubling questions. Lynda Mugglestone's generous, wide-ranging account casts new light on Johnson's life in language and provides a convincing reassessment of his impact on English culture, the making of dictionaries, and their role in a nation's identity. She ends by considering the power of Johnson's legacy and the degree to which his work continues to guide our attitudes to language and what we variously expect dictionaries to be and do.

A Changing World of Words

Studies in English Historical Lexicography, Lexicology and Semantics

Author: Javier E. Díaz Vera

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042013308

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 610

View: 7256

From the contents: Maurizio GOTTI: The origin of 17th century canting terms. - Anne MCDERMOTT: Early dictionaries of English and historical corpora: in search of hard words. - Paivi KOIVISTO-ALANKO: Prototypes in semantic change: a diachronic perspective on abstract nouns. - Manuela ROMANO POZO: A morphodynamic interpretation of synonymy and polysemy in Old English."

The Perfect Learners' Dictionary (?)

Author: Thomas Herbst,Kerstin Popp

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110947021

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 333

View: 1079

This volume undertakes a detailed analysis of the latest generation of learners' dictionaries of English. It assembles the papers delivered at the eponymous symposium held at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg in April 1997. There are a number of reasons why these dictionaries are of special lexicographic interest: 1. the type of learners' dictionary associated notably with the name of Hornby can look back on a long tradition in British lexicography; 2. competition between various publishers since the late 70s has given crucial impetus to the development of these dictionaries; 3. these new dictionaries are decisively marked by the evaluation of large-scale computer corpora. Central to the volume is the in-depth comparison of four dictionaries published in 1995: OALD5, LDOCE3, COBUILD2, CIDE. The aim is to exemplify specific differences of approach in the four dictionaries from a wide range of viewpoints (definitions, information on valency and collocations, policy on usage examples, political correctness, etc.). A number of articles also enlarge on the history of learners' dictionaries of English, the significance of corpus linguistics for lexicography, and perspectives for the future, notably in connection with the electronic media.

Library Journal

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Libraries

Page: N.A

View: 4971