The Palgrave Handbook of Urban Ethnography

Author: Italo Pardo,Giuliana B. Prato

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319642898

Category: Social Science

Page: 575

View: 8336

These ethnographically-based studies of diverse urban experiences across the world present cutting edge research and stimulate an empirically-grounded theoretical reconceptualization. The essays identify ethnography as a powerful tool for making sense of life in our rapidly changing, complex cities. They stress the point that while there is no need to fetishize fieldwork—or to view it as an end in itself —its unique value cannot be overstated. These active, engaged researchers have produced essays that avoid abstractions and generalities while engaging with the analytical complexities of ethnographic evidence. Together, they prove the great value of knowledge produced by long-term fieldwork to mainstream academic debates and, more broadly, to society.

The Palgrave Handbook of Prison Ethnography

Author: Deborah H. Drake,Rod Earle,J. Sloan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137403888

Category: Social Science

Page: 514

View: 2597

The Palgrave Handbook of Prison Ethnography provides an expansive overview of the challenges presented by qualitative, and particularly ethnographic, enquiry. The chapters reflect upon the means by which ethnographers aim to gain understanding, make sense of what they learn and the way they represent their finished work. The Handbook offers urgent insights relevant to current trends in the growth of imprisonment worldwide. In an era of mass incarceration, human-centric ethnography provides an important counter to quantitative analysis and the audit culture on which prisons are frequently judged. The Handbook is divided into four parts. Part I ('About Prison Ethnography') assesses methodological, theoretical and pragmatic issues related to the use of ethnographic and qualitative enquiry in prisons. Part II ('Through Prison Ethnography') considers the significance of ethnographic insights in terms of wider social or political concerns. Part III ('Of Prison Ethnography') analyses different aspects of the roles ethnographers take and how they negotiate their research settings. Part IV ('For Prison Ethnography') includes contributions that convincingly extend the value of prison ethnography beyond the prison itself. Bringing together contributions by some of the world's leading scholars in criminology and prison studies, this authoritative volume maps out new directions for future research. It will be an indispensable resource for practitioners, students, academics and researchers who use qualitative social research methods to further their understanding of prisons.

The Palgrave Handbook of Sustainability

Case Studies and Practical Solutions

Author: Robert Brinkmann,Sandra J. Garren

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319713892

Category: Science

Page: 871

View: 2065

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the practice of sustainability through a diverse range of case studies spanning across varied fields and areas of expertise. It provides a clear indication as to the contemporary state of sustainability in a time faced by issues such as global climate change, challenges of environmental justice, economic globalization and environmental contamination. The Palgrave Handbook of Sustainability explores three broad themes: Environmental Sustainability, Social Sustainability and Economic Sustainability. The authors critically explore these themes and provide insight into their linkages with one another to demonstrate the substantial efforts currently underway to address the sustainability of our planet. This handbook is an important contribution to the best practises on sustainability, drawn from many different examples across the fields of engineering, geology, anthropology, sociology, biology, chemistry and religion.

Legitimacy

Ethnographic and Theoretical Insights

Author: Italo Pardo,Giuliana B. Prato

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9783319962375

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 8673

Global in scope, this original and thought-provoking collection applies new theory on legitimacy and legitimation to urban life. An informed reflection on this comparatively new topic in anthropology in relation to morality, action, law, politics and governance is both timely and innovative, especially as worldwide discontent among ordinary people grows. The ethnographically-based analyses offered here range from banking to neighbourhoods, from poverty to political action at the grassroots. They recognize the growing gap between the rulers and the ruled with particular attention to the morality of what is right as opposed to what is legal. This book is a unique contribution to social theory, fostering discussion across the many boundaries of anthropological and sociological studies.

Living with London's Olympics

An Ethnography

Author: Iain Lindsay

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781137456724

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 2708

The quadrennial summer Olympic Games are renowned for producing the world's biggest single-city cultural event. This mega-event attracts a live audience of millions, a television audience of billions, and generates incredible scrutiny before, during, and after each installment. This is due to the fact that underpinning the 17 days of spectacular sporting events is approximately a decade worth of planning, preparing, and politicking. It is during this decade that prospective host cities must plan and win their bids before embarking upon seven years of urban upheaval and social transformation in order to stage the world's premier sporting event. This book draws on seven years of ethnographic inquiry around the London 2012 Olympics and contrasts the rhetoric and reality of mega-event delivery. Lindsay argues that in its current iteration the twin notions of beneficial Olympic legacies and Olympic delivery benefits for hosting communities are largely incompatible.

The Palgrave Handbook of Creativity and Culture Research

Author: Vlad Petre Glăveanu

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781137463432

Category: Psychology

Page: 782

View: 7040

This groundbreaking Handbook brings together leading international experts in creativity and culture research to provide an overview of current debates. It showcases the wealth of topics, approaches and definitions specific for this new, interdisciplinary field within creativity research. The theoretical and methodological innovations emerging from the joint study of creativity and culture highlight the role of creativity within today's innovation-based, multicultural societies. Drawing on theoretical and empirical reflections, including case studies from different continents and different creative domains, this Handbook provides a truly global outlook on current creativity research within an emergent, interdisciplinary field. This variety is highlighted by the Handbook's structure as it is divided into five sections: Creativity and Culture in the Psychology of Creativity; Creativity in Socio-Cultural Psychology; Creativity in Cultural Context; Creativity and Culture in Applied Domains; Cross-disciplinary Perspectives on Creativity and Culture. These sections provide a clear overview of the debates and questions of this research area as contributors share their interest in creativity not only as an individual but also a social and cultural phenomenon, and in culture as both the foundation and outcome of creative action. The Handbook will be an essential resource for researchers, particularly those based in social science and humanities disciplines.

Theorizing the City

The New Urban Anthropology Reader

Author: Setha M. Low

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813527208

Category: Social Science

Page: 433

View: 1259

Anthropological perspectives are not often represented in urban studies, even though many anthropologists have been contributing actively to theory and research on urban poverty, racism, globalization, and architecture. The New Urban Anthropology Reader corrects this omission by presenting 12 cross-cultural case studies focusing on the analysis of space and place. Five images of the city--the divided city, the contested city, the global city, the modernist city, and the postmodern city--serve as the framework for the selected essays. These images highlight current research trends in urban anthropology, such as poststructural studies of race, class, and gender in the urban context; political economic studies of transnational culture; and studies of the symbolic and social production of urban space and planning. Selected Chapters: Theorizing the City: An Introduction by Setha M. Low Part I. The Divided City The Changing Significance of Race and Class in an African American Community, Steven Gregory Fortified Enclaves: The New Urban Segregation by Teresa P. R. Caldeira Part II. The Contested City Spatializing Culture: The Social Production and Social Construction of Public Space in Costa Rica, Setha M. Low Part III. The Global City Wholesale Sushi: Culture and Commodity in Tokyo's Tsukiki Market, Ted Bestor Part IV. The Modernist City The Modernist City and the Death of the Street by James Holston Part V. The Postmodern City Spatial Discourse and Social Boundaries: Re-imagining the Toronto Waterfront by Matthew Cooper

The Palgrave Handbook of Media and Communication Research in Africa

Author: Bruce Mutsvairo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319704435

Category: Social Science

Page: 497

View: 3593

This handbook attempts to fill the gap in empirical scholarship of media and communication research in Africa, from an Africanist perspective. The collection draws on expert knowledge of key media and communication scholars in Africa and the diaspora, offering a counter-narrative to existing Western and Eurocentric discourses of knowledge-production. As the decolonial turn takes centre stage across Africa, this collection further rethinks media and communication research in a post-colonial setting and provides empirical evidence as to why some of the methods conceptualised in Europe will not work in Africa. The result is a thorough appraisal of the current threats, challenges and opportunities facing the discipline on the continent.

The Palgrave Handbook of Society, Culture and Outer Space

Author: James S. Ormrod,Peter Dickens

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137363525

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 1664

Bringing together scholarship from across the social sciences and humanities, this handbook critically examines the relationship between society and outer space, exploring the history, present and future of outer space and the place of humans within it.

The Palgrave Handbook of German Idealism

Author: Matthew C. Altman

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137334754

Category: Philosophy

Page: 828

View: 8827

The Palgrave Handbook of German Idealism features essays from leading scholars on German philosophy. It is the most comprehensive secondary source available, covering not only the full range of work by Kant, Fichte, Schelling and Hegel, but also idealists such as Reinhold and Schopenhauer, critics such as Jacobi, Maimon, and the German Romantics

East German Intellectuals and the Unification of Germany

An Ethnographic View

Author: Dan Bednarz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319429515

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 4419

This book discusses the reunification of Germany and the negative impacts that this had on East German intellectuals. The book is an ethnographic account of how the intellectuals of East Germany reacted to the demise of their nation, their “dream” of a socialist world, and unification with capitalist West Germany. Part I covers unification, 1990-91; Part II presents a quarter century later follow-up with one-fourth of those interviewed in 1990-91; and Part III examines the case from three social science perspectives.

The Palgrave Handbook of Bottom-Up Urbanism

Author: Mahyar Arefi,Conrad Kickert

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319901311

Category: Social Science

Page: 357

View: 6589

Who shapes our cities? In an age of increasing urban pluralism, globalization and immigration, decreasing public budgets, and an ongoing crisis of authority among designers and planners, the urban environment is shaped by a number of non-traditional stakeholders. The book surveys the kaleidoscope of views on the agency of urbanism, providing an overview of the various scholarly debates and territories that pertain to bottom-up efforts such as everyday urbanism, DIY urbanism, guerilla urbanism, tactical urbanism, and lean urbanism. Uniquely, this books seeks connections between the various movements by curating a range of views on the past, present, and future of bottom-up urbanism. The contributors also connect the recent trend of bottom-up efforts in the West with urban informality in the Global South, drawing parallels and finding contrast between social and institutional structures across the globe. The book appeals to urbanists in the widest sense of the word: those who shape, study, and improve our urban spaces.

The Palgrave Handbook of Slavic Languages, Identities and Borders

Author: Tomasz Kamusella,Motoki Nomachi,Catherine Gibson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137348399

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 561

View: 1194

This book analyzes the creation of languages across the Slavophone areas of the world and their deployment for political projects and identity building, mainly after 1989. It offers perspectives from a number of disciplines such as sociolinguistics, socio-political history and language policy. Languages are artefacts of culture, meaning they are created by people. They are often used for identity building and maintenance, but in Central and Eastern Europe they became the basis of nation building and national statehood maintenance. The recent split of the Serbo-Croatian language in the wake of the break-up of Yugoslavia amply illustrates the highly politicized role of languages in this region, which is also home to most of the world’s Slavic-speakers. This volume presents and analyzes the creation of languages across the Slavophone areas of the world and their deployment for political projects and identity building, mainly after 1989. The overview concludes with a reflection on the recent rise of Slavophone speech communities in Western Europe and Israel. The book brings together renowned international scholars who offer a variety of perspectives from a number of disciplines and sub-fields such as sociolinguistics, socio-political history and language policy, making this book of great interest to historians, sociologists, political scientists and anthropologists interested in Central and Eastern Europe and Slavic Studies.

The Palgrave Handbook of Ageing and Physical Activity Promotion

Author: Samuel R. Nyman,Anna Barker,Terry Haines,Khim Horton,Charles Musselwhite,Geeske Peeters,Christina R. Victor,Julia Katharina Wolff

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319712918

Category: Social Science

Page: 758

View: 574

The ageing of our population is a key societal issue across the globe. Although people are living longer, they need to be living longer in good health to continue to enjoy quality of life and independence and to prevent rises in health and social care costs. This timely and ground-breaking volume will provide an up-to-date overview of the factors that promote physical activity in later life. Despite advances in the fields of gerontology and geriatrics, sports and exercise science, sociology, health psychology, and public health, knowledge is largely contained within disciplines as reflected in the current provision of academic texts on this subject. To truly address the present and substantial societal challenges of population ageing, a multidisciplinary and collaborative approach is required. This handbook will inform researchers, students, and practitioners on the current evidence base for what physical activities need to be promoted among older people and how they can be implemented to maximise engagement. This handbook will be an invaluable resource for researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and students across the social sciences.

Disabled Children's Childhood Studies

Critical Approaches in a Global Context

Author: T. Curran,K. Runswick-Cole

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137008229

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 3056

This collection offers first-hand accounts, research studies and in-depth theoretical explorations of disabled children's childhoods. The accounts oppose the global imposition of problematic views of disability and childhood and instead, offer an open discussion of responsive and ethical research approaches.

The Palgrave Handbook of African Colonial and Postcolonial History

Author: Martin S. Shanguhyia,Toyin Falola

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781137594259

Category: History

Page: 1362

View: 7050

This wide-ranging volume presents the most complete appraisal of modern African history to date. It assembles dozens of new and established scholars to tackle the questions and subjects that define the field, ranging from the economy, the two world wars, nationalism, decolonization, and postcolonial politics to religion, development, sexuality, and the African youth experience. Contributors are drawn from numerous fields in African studies, including art, music, literature, education, and anthropology. The themes they cover illustrate the depth of modern African history and the diversity and originality of lenses available for examining it. Older themes in the field have been treated to an engaging re-assessment, while new and emerging themes are situated as the book’s core strength. The result is a comprehensive, vital picture of where the field of modern African history stands today.

The Anthropology of Ignorance

An Ethnographic Approach

Author: C. High,A. Kelly,J. Mair

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137033126

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 5105

Documents the many relationships and practices that depend on the suspension of knowledge or the generation, deployment, or recognition of ignorance.

Oral History Off the Record

Toward an Ethnography of Practice

Author: A. Sheftel,S. Zembrzycki

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137339659

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 2174

Because oral history interviews are personal interactions between human beings, they rarely conform to a methodological ideal. These reflections from oral historians provide honest and rigorous analyses of actual oral history practice that address the complexities of a human-centered methodology.

Memory in Culture

Author: Prof Astrid Erll

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230321690

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 6565

This is an introduction to one of the most exciting new interdisciplinary fields of research: cultural memory studies. Who was Maurice Halbwachs, and what are the 'social frameworks of memory'? What can Aby Warburg's work tell us about the 'memory of art'? How do Pierre Nora's lieux de mémoire connect history and memory? Where does the ancient art of memory meet the neurosciences? How do media shape our most personal memories? And can remembrance become globalized? Memory in Culture addresses these and many other questions about the socio-cultural dimensions of remembering, offering a unique overview of the history and theory of memory studies. With the concise presentation of key concepts from history, sociology, political sciences, anthropology, psychology, literary, art and media studies, it documents current international and interdisciplinary memory research in an unprecedented way.

Ethnographies of Prostitution in Contemporary China

Gender Relations, HIV/AIDS, and Nationalism

Author: T. Zheng

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230623263

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 9030

This ethnographic study of prostitution in the metropolitan city of Dalian, China, explores the lives of rural migrant women working as karaoke bar hostesses, delving into the interplay of gender politics, nationalism, and power relationships that inhere in practices of birth control, disease control, and control of women's bodies.