The Polygraph and Lie Detection

Author: Committee to Review the Scientific Evidence on the Polygraph,Committee on National Statistics,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309084369

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 7971

The polygraph, often portrayed as a magic mind-reading machine, is still controversial among experts, who continue heated debates about its validity as a lie-detecting device. As the nation takes a fresh look at ways to enhance its security, can the polygraph be considered a useful tool? The Polygraph and Lie Detection puts the polygraph itself to the test, reviewing and analyzing data about its use in criminal investigation, employment screening, and counter-intelligence. The book looks at: The theory of how the polygraph works and evidence about how deceptiveness-and other psychological conditions-affect the physiological responses that the polygraph measures. Empirical evidence on the performance of the polygraph and the success of subjects' countermeasures. The actual use of the polygraph in the arena of national security, including its role in deterring threats to security. The book addresses the difficulties of measuring polygraph accuracy, the usefulness of the technique for aiding interrogation and for deterrence, and includes potential alternatives-such as voice-stress analysis and brain measurement techniques.

The Polygraph and Lie Detection

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee to Review the Scientific Evidence on the Polygraph

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309263921

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 5224

The polygraph, often portrayed as a magic mind-reading machine, is still controversial among experts, who continue heated debates about its validity as a lie-detecting device. As the nation takes a fresh look at ways to enhance its security, can the polygraph be considered a useful tool? The Polygraph and Lie Detection puts the polygraph itself to the test, reviewing and analyzing data about its use in criminal investigation, employment screening, and counter-intelligence. The book looks at: The theory of how the polygraph works and evidence about how deceptivenessâ€"and other psychological conditionsâ€"affect the physiological responses that the polygraph measures. Empirical evidence on the performance of the polygraph and the success of subjects’ countermeasures. The actual use of the polygraph in the arena of national security, including its role in deterring threats to security. The book addresses the difficulties of measuring polygraph accuracy, the usefulness of the technique for aiding interrogation and for deterrence, and includes potential alternativesâ€"such as voice-stress analysis and brain measurement techniques.

The Polygraph and Lie Detection

Author: Committee to Review the Scientific Evidence on the Polygraph,Committee on National Statistics,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309133135

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 1878

The polygraph, often portrayed as a magic mind-reading machine, is still controversial among experts, who continue heated debates about its validity as a lie-detecting device. As the nation takes a fresh look at ways to enhance its security, can the polygraph be considered a useful tool? The Polygraph and Lie Detection puts the polygraph itself to the test, reviewing and analyzing data about its use in criminal investigation, employment screening, and counter-intelligence. The book looks at: The theory of how the polygraph works and evidence about how deceptivenessâ€"and other psychological conditionsâ€"affect the physiological responses that the polygraph measures. Empirical evidence on the performance of the polygraph and the success of subjects’ countermeasures. The actual use of the polygraph in the arena of national security, including its role in deterring threats to security. The book addresses the difficulties of measuring polygraph accuracy, the usefulness of the technique for aiding interrogation and for deterrence, and includes potential alternativesâ€"such as voice-stress analysis and brain measurement techniques.

Fundamentals of Polygraph Practice

Author: Donald Krapohl,Pamela Shaw

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128029250

Category: Law

Page: 364

View: 9354

Though polygraph has been the mainstay for government and police departments since World War II, it has undergone substantial transformation in recent years. Fundamentals of Polygraph Practice bridges the gap between the outmoded practices and today’s validated testing and analysis protocols. The goal of this reference is to thoroughly and concisely describe the evidence-based practices of polygraphy. Coverage will include: psychophysiology, testing techniques, data collection, data analysis, ethics, polygraph law, alternate technologies and much more. This text addresses the foundational needs of polygraph students, and is written to be useful and accessible to attorneys, forensic scientists, consumers of polygraph services, and the general public. Includes protocols and fundamentals of polygraph practice Covers the history of lie detection, psychophysiology, data collection, techniques and testing, data analysis and much more Authors are internationally recognized in the polygraph field

Forensic Psychophysiology Using the Polygraph

Scientific Truth Verification, Lie Detection

Author: James Allan Matté

Publisher: J.A.M. Publications

ISBN: 9780965579407

Category: Political Science

Page: 773

View: 7570

Carefully and succinctly explores polygraph law, history, and science. For related material, see Hein Item #327060.

The Truth Machine

A Social History of the Lie Detector

Author: Geoffrey C. Bunn

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 142140530X

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 4453

For centuries, all manner of truth-seekers have used the lie detector. In this eye-opening book, Geoffrey C Bunn unpacks the history of this device and explores the interesting and often surprising connection between technology and popular culture.

From Cop to Crusader

My Fight Against the Dangerous Myth of Lie Detection

Author: Doug Williams

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781935689737

Category:

Page: 308

View: 326

The 2014 EDITION brings you up to date on all Doug is continuing to do to stop the abuse caused by the dangerous myth of "lie detection" and details the unscrupulous, unconstitutional methods the government is now using to try to stop - and even imprison him for speaking out against the abusive polygraph industry. It also includes the original version of his manual HOW TO STING THE POLYGRAPH. A decorated veteran of the Oklahoma City Police Department, Doug Williams held the rank of Detective Sergeant in charge of the Internal Affairs/Polygraph Section. As an expert police polygraphist, he administered thousands of tests. But, as Diane Sawyer said on 60 MINUTES, "Doug knows everything about the polygraph, and he says it doesn't work!" This is the true story of how Doug changed from cop to crusader in order to fight the abuse perpetrated by the sick joke called the "lie detector," and the practitioners of what he describes as an "insidious Orwellian instrument of torture." This is the ultimate "whistle blower" book that chronicles the exciting and dangerous adventures of Doug Williams and his crusade against the multi-billion dollar scam called lie detection; what the inventor of the polygraph, Dr. John Larson, referred to as "Frankenstein's monster." Before December of 1988, three out of every four people in private industry in the U.S. had to pass a polygraph test in order to get or keep a job; after December of 1988, that was a violation of federal law. How did that happen? Legislation to prohibit this type of polygraph testing had been introduced every year since 1972, and every year it failed to pass - every year, that is, until 1988. Why did that legislation finally succeed after so many failures? Many say it was primarily due to the efforts of Doug Williams. As a matter of fact, Doug Williams was given the VOLUNTEER ADVOCATE award by the ACLU for being "the one person most responsible for the Employee Polygraph Protection Act becoming a federal law." Doug tells of all he did to get this law passed and what he continues to do in his fight against the polygraph industry by employing a three pronged attack - LEGISLATION, LITIGATION, & EDUCATION. This book is an exciting behind the scenes account of Doug's first very controversial appearance on national television, his intensely explosive testimony in congress, and his work to build grass roots support to outlaw the use of the polygraph. His crusade against the polygraph industry became an obsession, and for many years he lived in the back of a 1967 Chevy panel truck and moved from city to city putting on seminars and going on radio and television talk shows to promote support for legislation that would outlaw the use of the polygraph. It tells of how he debunked the myth of "lie detection" on CBS 60 MINUTES; in this classic investigative report, three out of three polygraph operators called three different truthful people liars on a crime that never even happened. Doug has been featured on most of the major news programs, and on all of the major television and cable networks including CBS 60 MINUTES, CBS NIGHTWATCH, NBC NIGHTLY NEWS, CNN NEWS, FOX NETWORK'S EXPLORING THE UNKNOWN, NBC DATELINE, FOX NEWS, CNN NEWS STAND, THE DISCOVERY CHANNEL, BBC, TLC, and SHOWTIME PENN & TELLER: BULLSHIT! He has been featured in over 1000 newspaper and magazine articles, thousands of blogs, has been interviewed by hundreds of local TV news and talk shows, and appeared on over 500 radio talk shows. He has lobbied in the US House of Representatives and the Senate, and was a member of the Office of Technology Assessment studying the validity of the polygraph as a "lie detector." This book tells of what Doug Williams has done; the dangers he has faced, the victories he has had, and some of the humorous incidents that occurred along the way. It tells of how he continues to fight the dangerous myth of lie detection, and what the government is doing to try to stop him.

The Lie Detectors

The History of an American Obsession

Author: Ken Alder

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780743293860

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 2820

The story of the lie detector takes us straight into the dark recesses of the American soul. It also leads us on a noir journey through some of the most storied episodes in American history. That is because the device we take for granted as an indicator of guilt or innocence actually tells us more about our beliefs than about our deeds. The machine does not measure deception so much as feelings of guilt or shame. As Ken Alder reveals in his fascinating and disturbing account, the history of the lie detector exposes fundamental truths about our culture: why we long to know the secret thoughts of our fellow citizens; why we believe in popular science; and why America embraced the culture of "truthiness." For centuries, people searched in vain for a way to unmask liars, seeking clues in blushing cheeks, shifty eyes, and curling toes...all the body's outward signs. But not until the 1920s did a cop with a Ph.D. team up with an entrepreneurial high school student from Berkeley, California and claim to have invented a foolproof machine that peered directly into the human heart. In a few short years their polygraph had transformed police work, seized headlines, solved sensational murders, and enthralled the nation. In Chicago, the capital of American vice, the two men wielded their device to clean up corruption, reform the police, and probe the minds of infamous killers. Before long the lie detector had become the nation's "mechanical conscience," searching for honesty on Main Street, in Hollywood, and even within Washington, D.C. Husbands and wives tested each other's fidelity. Corporations tested their employees' honesty. Movie studios and advertisers tested their audiences' responses. Eventually, thousands of government employees were tested for their loyalty and "morals" -- for lack of which many lost their jobs. Yet the machine was flawed. It often was used to accuse the wrong person. It could easily be beaten by those who knew how. Repeatedly it has been applied as an instrument of psychological torture, with the goal of extracting confessions. And its creators paid a commensurate price. One went mad trying to destroy the Frankenstein's monster he had created. The other became consumed by mistrust: jealous of his cheating wife, contemptuous of his former mentor, and driven to an early death. The only happy man among the machine's champions was the eccentric psychologist who went on to achieve glory as the creator of Wonder Woman. Yet this deceptive device took America -- and only America -- by storm. Today, the CIA still administers polygraphs to its employees. Accused celebrities loudly trumpet its clean bill of truth. And the U.S. government, as part of its new "war on terror," is currently exploring forms of lie detection that reach directly into the brain. Apparently, America still dreams of a technology that will render human beings transparent. The Lie Detectors is the entertaining and thought-provoking story of that American obsession.

A Tremor in the Blood

Uses and Abuses of the Lie Detector

Author: David Thoreson Lykken

Publisher: Plenum Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 333

View: 2115

The author presents case histories of persons whose lives have been blighted by our uniquely American faith in the myth of the lie detector. Dr. Lykken also explains how to "beat" the machine, not only because it is unfair that spies and Mafia soldiers already know these techniques, but also because innocent persons have nearly a 50:50 chance of failing lie detector tests unless they use appropriate countermeasures. Many state courts in the U.S. still admit lie detector tests into evidence under certain conditions - a practice that ensures the conviction of more innocent people every year. Finally, Dr. Lykken reports on the results of recent surveys of informed scientific opinion about lie detection and presents another method of polygraphic interrogation that is designed to detect, not lies, but the presence of guilty knowledge. This method is scientifically credible and holds promise for future use in criminal investigation.

Gatekeeper

Memoirs of a CIA Polygraph Examiner

Author: John F. Sullivan

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 1597973262

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 5989

John F. Sullivan was a polygraph examiner with the CIA for thirty-one years, during which time he conducted more tests than anyone in the history of the CIA's program. The lie detectors act as the Agency's gatekeepers, preventing foreign agents, unsuitable applicants, and employees guilty of misconduct from penetrating or harming the Agency. Here Sullivan describes his methods, emphasizing the importance of psychology and the examiners' skills in a successful polygraph program. Sullivan acknowledges that using the polygraph effectively is an art as much as a science, yet he convincingly argues that it remains a highly reliable screening device, more successful and less costly than the other primary method, background investigation. In the thousands of tests that Sullivan conducted, he discovered double agents, applicants with criminal backgrounds, and employee misconduct, including compromising affairs and the mishandling of classified information. But Gatekeeper is more than Sullivan's memoirs. It is also a window to the often acrimonious and sometimes alarming internal politics of the CIA: the turf wars over resources, personnel, and mandate; the slow implementation of quality control; the aversion to risk-taking; and the overzealous pursuit of disqualifying information. In an age when the intelligence community's conduct is rightly being questioned, Sullivan contributes a fascinating personal account of one of the Agency's many important tasks.

Handbook of Polygraph Testing

Author: Murray Kleiner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780124137400

Category: Political Science

Page: 354

View: 4331

The Handbook of Polygraph Testing examines the fundamental principles behind lie detector tests, and provides an up-to-date review of their validity. The editor presents current psychological theories, including an explanation of the cognitive processes central to polygraph testing. He describes the various methods of testing, the research in support of each method, and special issues in polygraph research. The Handbook helps readers interpret existing research studies, and learn how to improve the accuracy of polygraph testing and analysis. The dual focus on research and clinical applications makes this text appropriate for a broad range of readers, from polygraph examiners and law enforcement personnel to lawyers, scientists, and graduate students. The Handbook helps establish standards in the field by establishing a set of common terms, concepts, and processes for the people who administer and analyze the tests as well as for the researchers who test the underlying theories. Helps set standards in the field by establishing a set of common terms, concepts and processes

Deception Detection

Winning the Polygraph Game

Author: Charles Clifton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780873646215

Category: Social Science

Page: 145

View: 3272

Fear is the polygrapher's most powerful weapon, but you can defend yourself! All it takes is a little know-how and some concentration and practice. Arm yourself with these proven effective tactics for rendering the polygrapher impotent in his efforts to intimidate and manipulate you, and learn how to beat the box hands down!

Spy the Lie

Former CIA Officers Teach You How to Detect Deception

Author: Philip Houston,Michael Floyd,Susan Carnicero,Don Tennant

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1250029627

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 6604

Three former CIA officers share their techniques for lie detection, outlining methods for identifying deceptiveness as revealed by verbal and non-verbal behaviors from facial expressions and grooming gestures to invoking religion and using qualifying language.

The Truth Machine

A Novel of Things to Come

Author: James L. Halperin

Publisher: Ballantine Books

ISBN: 9780345439802

Category: Fiction

Page: 416

View: 2392

Prepare to have your conception of truth rocked to its very foundation. It is the year 2004. Violent crime is the number one political issue in America. Now, the Swift and Sure Anti-Crime Bill guarantees a previously convicted violent criminal one fair trial, one quick appeal, then immediate execution. To prevent abuse of the law, a machine must be built that detects lies with 100 percent accuracy. Once perfected, the Truth Machine will change the face of the world. Yet the race to finish the Truth Machine forces one man to commit a shocking act of treachery, burdening him with a dark secret that collides with everything he believes in. Now he must conceal the truth from his own creation . . . or face his execution. By turns optimistic and chilling--and always profound--The Truth Machine is nothing less than a history of the future, a spellbinding chronicle that resonates with insight, wisdom . . . and astounding possibility. "PROFOUND." --Associated Press

The Lying Brain

Lie Detection in Science and Science Fiction

Author: Melissa M. Littlefield

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472071483

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 203

View: 7310

A cultural history of deception detection from science to science fiction

Detecting Deception

Current Challenges and Cognitive Approaches

Author: Pär Anders Granhag,Aldert Vrij,Bruno Verschuere

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118509668

Category: Psychology

Page: 368

View: 5072

Detecting Deception offers a state-of-the-art guide to the detection of deception with a focus on the ways in which new cognitive psychology-based approaches can improve practice and results in the field. Includes comprehensive coverage of the latest scientific developments in the detection of deception and their implications for real-world practice Examines current challenges in the field - such as counter-interrogation strategies, lying networks, cross-cultural deception, and discriminating between true and false intentions Reveals a host of new approaches based on cognitive psychology with the potential to improve practice and results, including the strategic use of evidence, imposing cognitive load, response times, and covert lie detection Features contributions from internationally renowned experts

Credibility Assessment

Author: J.C. Yuille

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401578567

Category: Psychology

Page: 198

View: 7727

Credibility assessment refers to any attempt to ascertain truthfulness. Other terms which have been used to refer to the assessment of credibility include the detection of deception and lie detection. The term lie detection has become virtually synonymous with the use of the polygraph and can no longer be used to refer to the range of procedures currently employed to assess credibility. Also, both lie detection and the detection of deception have a negative cast which does not fully capture the orientation of current approaches to credibility. Consequently, the term credibility assessment has emerged recently as the preferred label. The goal of credibility assessment is typically the determination of the truth of a statement or be found in set of statements. The need or desire to make such an assessment can every human context from marital relations through clinical examinations to police and court interrogations. Examples of the kinds of statements which require credibility assessment are: 1) A child's assertion that she or he has been sexually abused. 2) The claim by a previously suicidal person that he or she has recovered and will not attempt suicide again. 3) The denial of guilt by a suspect in a criminal investigation. 4 ) The confident statement of a witness that he or she is sure in his or her identification of a thief. 5) The vow of loyalty by a potential employee for a security job. It is necessary to assess the credibility of these and similar statements.

How to Sting the Polygraph

Author: Doug Williams

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781502865878

Category: Fiction

Page: 78

View: 8493

KNOWLEDGE IS POWER - BUT FAILING TO PREPARE IS JUST PREPARING TO FAIL! As long as the polygraph is used to frighten and intimidate people - and as long as truthful people are falsely accused of lying, I will provide this information so they can protect themselves. If you are going to take a polygraph test, you MUST have the KNOWLEDGE you need to be PROPERLY PREPARED TO PASS YOUR POLYGRAPH TEST! I will teach you how to be PROPERLY PREPARED TO PASS - NERVOUS OR NOT - NO MATTER WHAT! The manual is short and easy to understand - it tells you everything you need to know to pass your polygraph test. The DVD demonstrates how well my technique works by showing you what it looks like on an actual polygraph chart when you do what I tell you to do. JUST TELLING THE TRUTH ONLY WORKS ABOUT 50% OF THE TIME - SO TO PROTECT YOURSELF FROM BEING FALSELY ACCUSED OF LYING, YOU MUST LEARN HOW TO PASS! THE CHOICE IS YOURS - GET PREPARED OR GET SCREWED!