The Polygraph and Lie Detection

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee to Review the Scientific Evidence on the Polygraph

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309084369

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 2155

The polygraph, often portrayed as a magic mind-reading machine, is still controversial among experts, who continue heated debates about its validity as a lie-detecting device. As the nation takes a fresh look at ways to enhance its security, can the polygraph be considered a useful tool? The Polygraph and Lie Detection puts the polygraph itself to the test, reviewing and analyzing data about its use in criminal investigation, employment screening, and counter-intelligence. The book looks at: The theory of how the polygraph works and evidence about how deceptivenessâ€"and other psychological conditionsâ€"affect the physiological responses that the polygraph measures. Empirical evidence on the performance of the polygraph and the success of subjects’ countermeasures. The actual use of the polygraph in the arena of national security, including its role in deterring threats to security. The book addresses the difficulties of measuring polygraph accuracy, the usefulness of the technique for aiding interrogation and for deterrence, and includes potential alternativesâ€"such as voice-stress analysis and brain measurement techniques.

The Polygraph Test

Lies, Truth and Science

Author: Anthony Gale

Publisher: Sage Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 223

View: 4715

The polygraph lie detection test is currently at the centre of much controversy in both the UK and the US. The Polygraph Test - published by SAGE Publications in association with The British Psychological Society - is the most comprehensive account of issues surrounding the use of the test in criminal investigations, personal screening and security vetting. The book is organized in four parts to present the reader with the basic facts' of how the polygraph test does - and does not - work as well as the wider psychological and legal implications. Part One describes the test, analyses its accuracy, questions its use in psychometrics and considers its role in vetting, investigation and interrogation. Part Two asks questions absolutely fundamental to psychology: can truth and honesty - indeed, even emotion - be measured? Part Three looks at the polygraph test in practice and Part Four considers legal and civil rights issues with contributions from British and American lawyers and a British trade unionist. The Polygraph Test: Lies, Truth and Science will be essential reading to psychologists and students of psychology.

Weshalb Lügen kurze Beine haben

Über Täuschungen und deren Aufdeckung im privaten und öffentlichen Leben

Author: Paul Ekman

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110849445

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 241

View: 3239

Forensic Psychophysiology Using the Polygraph

Scientific Truth Verification, Lie Detection

Author: James Allan Matté

Publisher: J.A.M. Publications

ISBN: 9780965579407

Category: Political Science

Page: 773

View: 639

Carefully and succinctly explores polygraph law, history, and science. For related material, see Hein Item #327060.

Menschen verstehen und lenken

Ein FBI-Agent erklärt, wie man Körpersprache für den persönlichen Erfolg nutzt

Author: Joe Navarro

Publisher: MVG Verlag

ISBN: 3864152976

Category: Self-Help

Page: 272

View: 8113

Wüssten wir nicht alle gerne, was andere Menschen wirklich denken, fühlen oder planen? Wie wir sie zu etwas überreden oder beeinflussen können? Wie wir sofort erkennen können, ob sie besorgt oder zufrieden sind? Und wünschen wir uns nicht auch, dass sie uns als jemanden wahrnehmen, der Selbstsicherheit, Autorität und Empathie ausstrahlt? Menschen kommunizieren ständig nonverbal: durch Körpersprache und Gesichtsausdrücke, Tonlage und Aussprache, die Art, wie sie Gefühle zeigen oder sich kleiden, aber auch durch die bewussten und unbewussten Verhaltensweisen und Einstellungen. In diesem Buch zeigt uns der Bestsellerautor und Körperspracheexperte Joe Navarro, wie wir diese universelle Sprache verstehen und anwenden können. Denn wer diesen Code kennt, wird sowohl beruflich als auch privat besser und effizienter kommunizieren, seine Ziele leichter erreichen und erfolgreicher sein.

Unerklärlich ehrlich

Warum wir weniger lügen, als wir eigentlich könnten

Author: Dan Ariely

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426416670

Category: Self-Help

Page: 360

View: 3952

Täglich täuschen wir Kollegen und Bekannte. Aber es ist doch erstaunlich, dass wir weit weniger schwindeln, als wir eigentlich könnten. Dan Ariely eröffnet eine völlig neue Sichtweise auf unser Verhalten und erklärt, warum wir trotz aller lockenden Vorteile keine notorischen Falschspieler sind.

A Tremor in the Blood

Uses and Abuses of the Lie Detector

Author: David Thoreson Lykken

Publisher: Plenum Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 333

View: 1327

The author presents case histories of persons whose lives have been blighted by our uniquely American faith in the myth of the lie detector. Dr. Lykken also explains how to "beat" the machine, not only because it is unfair that spies and Mafia soldiers already know these techniques, but also because innocent persons have nearly a 50:50 chance of failing lie detector tests unless they use appropriate countermeasures. Many state courts in the U.S. still admit lie detector tests into evidence under certain conditions - a practice that ensures the conviction of more innocent people every year. Finally, Dr. Lykken reports on the results of recent surveys of informed scientific opinion about lie detection and presents another method of polygraphic interrogation that is designed to detect, not lies, but the presence of guilty knowledge. This method is scientifically credible and holds promise for future use in criminal investigation.

Menschen lesen

Ein FBI-Agent erklärt, wie man Körpersprache entschlüsselt

Author: Joe Navarro

Publisher: MVG Verlag

ISBN: 3864152631

Category: Self-Help

Page: 272

View: 3035

Ein solches Buch über Körpersprache hat es noch nie gegeben: geschrieben von einem FBI-Agenten, dessen Aufgabe es 25 Jahre lang war, Spione, Mörder und Verbrecher anhand ihrer Körpersprache zu entlarven. Denn nur 20 Prozent unserer Kommunikation laufen über das gesprochene Wort. Wir kommunizieren also zu 80 Prozent nonverbal und unbewusst. Der international anerkannte Experte Joe Navarro erklärt exakt, wie man sein Gegenüber durchschaut, wie man Gefühle und Verhaltensweisen präzise entschlüsselt, Fallstricken ausweicht und souverän Körperhaltung und Mimik entlarvt, die in die Irre führen sollen. Von Kopf bis Fuß werden Gesten, Haltung und Mimik unter die Lupe genommen und nach dem neuesten Stand der Forschung analysiert.

Homicide

Ein Jahr auf mörderischen Straßen

Author: David Simon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783453676350

Category:

Page: 828

View: 6894

Die Psychopathen unter uns

Der FBI-Agent erklärt, wie Sie gefährliche Menschen im Alltag erkennen und sich vor Ihnen schützen

Author: Joe Navarro

Publisher: MVG Verlag

ISBN: 3864156327

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 1438

Psychopathen? Die großen Massenmörder der Gegenwart fallen einem ein, die Amokläufer, die Gemeingefährlichen. Doch es sind nicht nur jene aus den Schlagzeilen, die unser Leben bedrohen. Es sind die Nachbarn, die aus fadenscheinigen Gründen einen Streit vom Gartenzaun brechen, die falschen Freunde, die unsere Energie und Kraft rauben, die Mobber im Büro. Die unsichtbaren Wunden, die sie uns zufügen, sind die wahre Gefahr. Es sind psychische, finanzielle oder emotionale Verletzungen und die sind oft verheerend. Die Psychopathen sind unter uns und wir können uns nicht darauf verlassen, dass Polizei oder Politik uns vor ihnen schützen. Wir selbst müssen uns und die Menschen, die wir lieben, gegen diese Raubtiere in Menschenform verteidigen! Das bislang geheime Wissen der FBI-Profiler und Agenten hilft uns dabei. In seinem neuesten Buch liefert Joe Navarro Schlüsselstrategien zur Prävention und zum Schutz im Alltag. Denn Psychopathen gibt es überall.

From Cop to Crusader

My Fight Against the Dangerous Myth of Lie Detection

Author: Doug Williams

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781935689737

Category:

Page: 308

View: 4386

The 2014 EDITION brings you up to date on all Doug is continuing to do to stop the abuse caused by the dangerous myth of "lie detection" and details the unscrupulous, unconstitutional methods the government is now using to try to stop - and even imprison him for speaking out against the abusive polygraph industry. It also includes the original version of his manual HOW TO STING THE POLYGRAPH. A decorated veteran of the Oklahoma City Police Department, Doug Williams held the rank of Detective Sergeant in charge of the Internal Affairs/Polygraph Section. As an expert police polygraphist, he administered thousands of tests. But, as Diane Sawyer said on 60 MINUTES, "Doug knows everything about the polygraph, and he says it doesn't work!" This is the true story of how Doug changed from cop to crusader in order to fight the abuse perpetrated by the sick joke called the "lie detector," and the practitioners of what he describes as an "insidious Orwellian instrument of torture." This is the ultimate "whistle blower" book that chronicles the exciting and dangerous adventures of Doug Williams and his crusade against the multi-billion dollar scam called lie detection; what the inventor of the polygraph, Dr. John Larson, referred to as "Frankenstein's monster." Before December of 1988, three out of every four people in private industry in the U.S. had to pass a polygraph test in order to get or keep a job; after December of 1988, that was a violation of federal law. How did that happen? Legislation to prohibit this type of polygraph testing had been introduced every year since 1972, and every year it failed to pass - every year, that is, until 1988. Why did that legislation finally succeed after so many failures? Many say it was primarily due to the efforts of Doug Williams. As a matter of fact, Doug Williams was given the VOLUNTEER ADVOCATE award by the ACLU for being "the one person most responsible for the Employee Polygraph Protection Act becoming a federal law." Doug tells of all he did to get this law passed and what he continues to do in his fight against the polygraph industry by employing a three pronged attack - LEGISLATION, LITIGATION, & EDUCATION. This book is an exciting behind the scenes account of Doug's first very controversial appearance on national television, his intensely explosive testimony in congress, and his work to build grass roots support to outlaw the use of the polygraph. His crusade against the polygraph industry became an obsession, and for many years he lived in the back of a 1967 Chevy panel truck and moved from city to city putting on seminars and going on radio and television talk shows to promote support for legislation that would outlaw the use of the polygraph. It tells of how he debunked the myth of "lie detection" on CBS 60 MINUTES; in this classic investigative report, three out of three polygraph operators called three different truthful people liars on a crime that never even happened. Doug has been featured on most of the major news programs, and on all of the major television and cable networks including CBS 60 MINUTES, CBS NIGHTWATCH, NBC NIGHTLY NEWS, CNN NEWS, FOX NETWORK'S EXPLORING THE UNKNOWN, NBC DATELINE, FOX NEWS, CNN NEWS STAND, THE DISCOVERY CHANNEL, BBC, TLC, and SHOWTIME PENN & TELLER: BULLSHIT! He has been featured in over 1000 newspaper and magazine articles, thousands of blogs, has been interviewed by hundreds of local TV news and talk shows, and appeared on over 500 radio talk shows. He has lobbied in the US House of Representatives and the Senate, and was a member of the Office of Technology Assessment studying the validity of the polygraph as a "lie detector." This book tells of what Doug Williams has done; the dangers he has faced, the victories he has had, and some of the humorous incidents that occurred along the way. It tells of how he continues to fight the dangerous myth of lie detection, and what the government is doing to try to stop him.

The Lie Detection Manual

Author: David Todeschini

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1411618211

Category:

Page: 98

View: 480

This book will enable you to determine whether or not someone is lying to you. Contains over 60 axioms or guidelines that put your subject through the gauntlet. From FBI Agent to Housewife, you need to read this book. After you do, you will never look at the NEWS, political speeches, or anything that the government tells you in the same light. Conceived in an environment of pathological liars, this book takes "common sense" to a new level. Some deceptions are very subtle and nefarious, and some deceptions are your own conclusions - which you arrive at by the design of the liar - or government - which tells you only what will lead you to believe their lies

Quirkologie

Die wissenschaftliche Erforschung unseres Alltags

Author: Richard Wiseman

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104037086

Category: Self-Help

Page: 304

View: 5262

Quirkologie ist eine neue Disziplin der Verhaltenspsychologie, die Professor Richard Wiseman seit über zwanzig Jahren betreibt. Mit wissenschaftlichen Methoden untersucht er die erstaunlichsten Aspekte menschlichen Verhaltens: wie unser Vorname unsere Persönlichkeit beeinflusst, warum September-Kinder besser in Sport sind, ob Freitag der 13. tatsächlich eine Gefahr für unsere Gesundheit darstellt - und welches der lustigste Witz der Welt ist. »Wiseman hat einen Riecher für populäre Themen und ein bemerkenswertes Geschick, Fragen auf eine Art anzugehen, wie es noch keiner vor ihm getan hat.« Die Zeit

Lie Detection and the Law

Torture, Technology and Truth

Author: Andrew Balmer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317518403

Category: Law

Page: 186

View: 1123

This book develops a sociological account of lie detection practices and uses this to think about lying more generally. Bringing together insights from sociology, social history, socio-legal studies and science and technology studies (STS), it explores how torture and technology have been used to try to discern the truth. It examines a variety of socio-legal practices, including trial by ordeal in Europe, the American criminal jury trial, police interrogations using the polygraph machine, and the post-conviction management of sex offenders in the USA and the UK. Moving across these different contexts, it articulates how uncertainties in the use of lie detection technologies are managed, and the complex roles they play in legal spaces. Alongside this story, the book surveys some of the different ways in which lying is understood in philosophy, law and social order. Lie Detection and the Law will be of interest to STS researchers, socio-legal scholars, criminologists and sociologists, as well as others working at the intersections of law and science.

The Complete Polygraph Handbook

Author: Stanley Abrams

Publisher: Jossey-Bass

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 9479

A guide on how to administer and evaluate polygraph tests. Includes a glossary of polygraph terms, charts showing various deceptive responses, major testing techniques, psychiatric categories showing how to evaluate subjects' mental state and determine who can and cannot be tested, current validity and reliability research, and courtroom techniques for the expert witness. No bibliography. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Detecting Deception

Current Challenges and Cognitive Approaches

Author: Pär Anders Granhag,Aldert Vrij,Bruno Verschuere

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118509668

Category: Psychology

Page: 368

View: 9772

Detecting Deception offers a state-of-the-art guide to the detection of deception with a focus on the ways in which new cognitive psychology-based approaches can improve practice and results in the field. Includes comprehensive coverage of the latest scientific developments in the detection of deception and their implications for real-world practice Examines current challenges in the field - such as counter-interrogation strategies, lying networks, cross-cultural deception, and discriminating between true and false intentions Reveals a host of new approaches based on cognitive psychology with the potential to improve practice and results, including the strategic use of evidence, imposing cognitive load, response times, and covert lie detection Features contributions from internationally renowned experts

Die globale Überwachung

Der Fall Snowden, die amerikanischen Geheimdienste und die Folgen

Author: Glenn Greenwald

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426425165

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 8114

Bereits in seinen ersten Artikeln über die NSA-Affäre brachte Glenn Greenwald das ganze Ausmaß der Massenüberwachung im digitalen Zeitalter ans Licht. Seine Berichterstattung, für die er mit dem Pulitzer-Preis ausgezeichnet wurde, löste international ein politisches Erdbeben aus. In seinem Buch deckt Greenwald anhand einer Fülle von brisanten Geheimdokumenten aus dem Archiv des Whistleblowers Edward Snowden die illegalen Praktiken der amerikanischen Geheimdienste auf. Alles und jeder wird ausgespäht, die Bevölkerung steht unter Kollektivverdacht. Meinungsfreiheit wird im Namen der Sicherheit unterdrückt, und es gibt keine Privatsphäre mehr – nirgends.

Detecting Lies and Deceit

Pitfalls and Opportunities

Author: Aldert Vrij

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119965764

Category: Psychology

Page: 502

View: 9409

Why do people lie? Do gender and personality differences affect how people lie? How can lies be detected? Detecting Lies and Deceit provides the most comprehensive review of deception to date. This revised edition provides an up-to-date account of deception research and discusses the working and efficacy of the most commonly used lie detection tools, including: Behaviour Analysis Interview Statement Validity Assessment Reality Monitoring Scientific Content Analysis Several different polygraph tests Voice Stress Analysis Thermal Imaging EEG-P300 Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) All three aspects of deception are covered: nonverbal cues, speech and written statement analysis and (neuro)physiological responses. The most common errors in lie detection are discussed and practical guidelines are provided to help professionals improve their lie detection skills. Detecting Lies and Deceit is a must-have resource for students, academics and professionals in psychology, criminology, policing and law.