Gatekeepers of the Criminal Justice System
Author: Joan E. Jacoby,Edward C. Ratledge
In this book, readers will take a fascinating journey with local prosecutors as they seek to obtain reasonable and appropriate case dispositions while preventing abuse and misuse of the law and protecting the civil rights of their jurisdictions. • Offers understandable explanations of why outcomes vary so widely in the criminal justice system—for example, why one prosecutor's office uses drug treatment programs for first-time offenders and another seeks jail time • Answers many of the questions raised in Ferguson, MO, and Staten Island, NY, about the role of prosecutors and their discretionary powers • Presents specific well-known cases to enhance readers' understanding of the intended/unintended consequences of our adversarial system of justice • Addresses in detail the complex relationships between various parts of the U.S. criminal justice system
Author: Bruce A. Arrigo
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Category: Social Science
Federal, state, county, and municipal police forces all have their own codes of conduct, yet the ethics of being a police officer remain perplexing and are often difficult to apply in dynamic situations. The police misconduct statistics are staggering and indicate that excessive use of force comprises almost a quarter of misconduct cases, with sexual harassment, fraud/theft, and false arrest being the next most prevalent factors. The ethical issues and dilemmas in criminal justice also reach deep into the legal professions, the structure and administration of justice in society, and the personal characteristics of those in the criminal justice professions. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics includes A to Z entries by experts in the field that explore the scope of ethical decision making and behaviors within the spheres of criminal justice systems, including policing, corrections, courts, forensic science, and policy analysis and research. This two-volume set is available in both print and electronic formats. Features: Entries are authored and signed by experts in the field and conclude with references and further readings, as well as cross references to related entries that guide readers to the next steps in their research journeys. A Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and themes, making it easy for readers to quickly identify related entries. A Chronology highlights the development of the field and places material into historical context; a Glossary defines key terms from the fields of law and ethics; and a Resource Guide provides lists of classic books, academic journals, websites and associations focused on criminal justice ethics. Reports and statistics from such sources as the FBI, the United Nations, and the International Criminal Court are included in an appendix. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide, index, and cross references combine to provide effective search-and-browse capabilities. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics provides a general, non-technical yet comprehensive resource for students who wish to understand the complexities of criminal justice ethics.
Author: Erik Luna,Marianne Wade
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The American prosecutor plays a powerful role in the judicial system, wielding the authority to accept or decline a case, choose which crimes to allege, and decide the number of counts to charge. These choices, among others, are often made with little supervision or institutional oversight. This prosecutorial discretion has prompted scholars to look to the role of prosecutors in Europe for insight on how to reform the American system of justice. In The Prosecutor in Transnational Perspective, Erik Luna and Marianne Wade, through the works of their contributors coupled with their own analysis, demonstrate that valuable lessons can be learned from a transnational examination of prosecutorial authority. They examine both parallels and distinctions in the processes available to and decisions made by prosecutors in the United States and Europe. Ultimately, they demonstrate how the enhanced role of the prosecutor represents a crossroads for criminal justice with weighty legal and socio-economic consequences.
Publisher: Cavendish Publishing
First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Capital punishment
Author: Peter Cane,Herbert Kritzer
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The empirical study of law, legal systems and legal institutions is widely viewed as one of the most exciting and important intellectual developments in the modern history of legal research. Motivated by a conviction that legal phenomena can and should be understood not only in normative terms but also as social practices of political, economic and ethical significance, empirical legal researchers have used quantitative and qualitative methods to illuminate many aspects of law's meaning, operation and impact. In the 43 chapters of The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research leading scholars provide accessible and original discussions of the history, aims and methods of empirical research about law, as well as its achievements and potential. The Handbook has three parts. The first deals with the development and institutional context of empirical legal research. The second - and largest - part consists of critical accounts of empirical research on many aspects of the legal world - on criminal law, civil law, public law, regulatory law and international law; on lawyers, judicial institutions, legal procedures and evidence; and on legal pluralism and the public understanding of law. The third part introduces readers to the methods of empirical research, and its place in the law school curriculum.
A Critical View
Author: Randall G. Shelden,William Bud Brown
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
This text helps students understand controversial issues of racial and economic inequities found in the criminal justice system, offering an alternative interpretation of criminal justice that is rarely presented in traditional textbooks. After overviews of the criminal justice system and the proble
Assessment, Treatment, and Research
Author: David W. Springer, PhD, LCSW,Albert R. Roberts, DSW, PhD, BCETS, DACFE
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Designated a Doody's Core Title! Together for the first time; all your forensic social work best practice needs in one volume! "...a vitally important addition to this emerging and essential body of knowledge. This compelling publication places between two covers a broad collection of informative, original essays on core issues in forensic social work. This engaging volume offers readers keen insights into forensic practice related to child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, suicide, psychiatric care and mental illness, juvenile justice, adult corrections, addictions, trauma, and restorative justice." --from the foreword by Frederic G. Reamer, School of Social Work, Rhode Island College From expert testimony advice to treating HIV-positive incarcerated women, this handbook contains the most current research and tested field practices for child welfare through adulthood in the civil and criminal system. Encompassing a wide range of treatments, roles, specialized practices, research, and diagnoses, the Handbook of Forensic Mental Health With Victims and Offenders will guide practicing professionals through the forensic social work issues they encounter on a daily basis, such as: Prevention of prisoners' sudden deaths Expert witness testimony in child welfare and women battering Treatment of dually diagnosed adolescents The overrepresentation of African-Americans incarcerated for juvenile delinquency Jail mental health services for adults Drug courts and PTSD in inmates with substance abuse histories Recidivism prevention Basic tasks in post-trauma intervention with victims and offenders Culture and gender considerations in restorative justice Edited by Dr. Albert R. Roberts and Dr. David W. Springer, with contributions by leaders in the field, this handbook should top the list of must-have publications for all forensic social workers.
Author: A.V. Horwitz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Author: Larry J. Siegel,John L. Worrall
Publisher: Cengage Learning
One of the few bestselling introductory criminal justice texts written by professors who actively teach the course to large numbers of undergraduates each year, INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE is uniquely attuned to the needs of today's students and instructors. Now in its fifteenth edition and known for its authoritative, solidly researched content, Siegel and Worrall's text delivers comprehensive, cutting-edge coverage of criminal justice. Extremely student friendly, the text's balanced and objective presentation is packed with provocative real-world examples and the latest developments from the field. Crisp writing, complemented by vivid illustrations, deftly guides readers through the intricate workings of the police, courts, and correctional systems; the concepts and processes of justice; and key policy issues. The book also includes an emphasis on today's criminal justice careers, offering insights from numerous professionals on the rewards and realities of their jobs. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Author: Emilio Viano
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Family & Relationships
Self-Hypnosis: The Complete Manual for Health and Self-Change, 2nd ed offers a step-by step guide to using hypnosis to better well-being and stronger self-control. For over two decades renowned therapist and author Brian Alman showed thousands of individuals how to use self-inductive techniques for relief from pain, stress, and discomfort. Self-hypnosis assists in meditation and fosters positive self-regard. The exercises in Self-Hypnosis are clear, concise and easily attainable. As an effective therapy in alleviating the pain of childbirth, medical and dental surgery, burns, and accidental injuries, hypnosis is practiced widely. Hypnosis in pain relief is a noninvasive and natural healing process. Self-Hypnosis makes this healing technique available to the lay reader.
Author: David W. Neubauer
Publisher: Thomson Brooks/Cole
common law studies for the XIVth International Congress of Comparative Law
Author: United Kingdom National Committee of Comparative Law
Publisher: British Inst of Intl & Comparative
Author: John M. Scheb
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
Author: Hans Reichenbach
ZUR 2. AUFLAGE DER DEUTSCHEN AUSGABE Warum eröffnen wir eine Buchreihe über Wissenschafts theorie verschiedener Hauptdisziplinen mit einer Neu auflage von Hans Reichenbachs Buch "Aufstieg der wissen schaftlichen Philosophie", dessen 1. Auflage 1951 in den USA erschien? Weil es sich mit seiner präzisen und ver ständlichen Sprache nach siebzehn Jahren immer noch so frisch wie damals liest, weil seine Problematik zwischen Rationalismus und Empirismus, seine Opposition gegen Metaphysik und Ontologie als philosophische Grund legung der Naturwissenschaft immer noch in Mittel europa aktuell ist. Reichenbach spielt aber trotzdem keinen physikalischen Positivismus gegen Philosophie überhaupt aus, sondern tritt für eine autonome, philoso phische Analyse der Physik ein, weil z. B. die Frage, wor aus die Materie besteht, "mit Hilfe von physikalischen Experimenten allein nicht beantwortet werden kann, sondern eine solche Analyse erfordert" (S. 199). Ihm genügt auch nicht der "gesunde Menschenverstand", wenn es sich um schwierige wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen handelt (S. 201). Noch ein Beispiel für den Umschlag von Wissenschaft zu Philosophie: Man kann die Geschichte des Weltalls etwa 2 Milliarden Jahre zurückverfolgen. Wenn man nun danach fragt, wie der Urgasball selbst noch ent standen ist, wird der Wissenschaftler mit einer solchen Frage zum Philosophen (S. 233). Reichenbach unterschei det hier aber Philosophen von spekulativem Typ, die eine Kosmogonie erfanden, welche an die Stelle der Wissen schaft ein Märchen setzte oder einen Schöpfungsakt aus dem Nichts annahm, und solche von modernem Typ.
Author: Amanda Knox
Publisher: Droemer eBook
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Es war ein bestialischer Mord. Am 1. November 2007 wurde in Perugia die britische Austauschstudentin Meredith Kercher in ihrer Wohnung vergewaltigt und brutal abgeschlachtet. Im Fokus der Ermittlungen stand sofort Merediths amerikanische Mitbewohnerin Amanda Knox. Gemeinsam mit ihrem Freund Raffaele Sollecito und einem Afrikaner soll sie die Bluttat begangen haben. In einem spektakulären Indizienprozess wurde Amanda Knox schuldig gesprochen und zu 26 Jahren Haft verurteilt. Doch die Ermittlungen waren durch schwere Pannen und massive mediale Vorverurteilungen gekennzeichnet. In einem Berufungsverfahren im Oktober 2011 wurde dann die Beweisführung der Anklage verworfen – Amanda war endlich wieder frei und konnte in ihre Heimat ausreisen. Nun meldet sie sich zu Wort und erzählt, wie sie Opfer eines Justizskandals wurde. Sie berichtet über die beispiellose Hexenjagd und die rüden Verhörmethoden der italienischen Polizei; über ihre seelischen Qualen während des Prozesses und der über 1400 Tage im Gefängnis. Sie erzählt aber auch von dem starken Rückhalt, den sie von ihrer Familie, ihren Freunden und vielen Unbekannten aus aller Welt erfahren hat. Es ist die Geschichte einer jungen Frau, die fast für ein Verbrechen gebüßt hätte, das sie nicht begangen hat.
Author: Clemens Bartollas,Loras A. Jaeger
Publisher: Macmillan Publishing Company
Category: Social Science
An Introduction, Second Edition
Author: William A. Joseph
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
On October 1, 2009, the People's Republic of China (PRC) celebrated the 60th anniversary of its founding. And what an eventful and tumultuous six decades it had been. During that time, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), China was transformed from one of the world's poorest countries into the world's fastest growing major economy, and from a weak state barely able to govern or protect its own territory to a rising power that is challenging the United States for global influence. Over those same years, the PRC also experienced the most deadly famine in human history, caused largely by the actions and inactions of its political leaders. Not long after, there was a collapse of government authority that pushed the country to the brink of (and in some places actually into) civil war and anarchy. Today, China is, for the most part, peaceful, prospering, and proud. This is the China that was on display for the world to see during the Beijing Olympics in 2008. The CCP maintains a firm grip on power through a combination of popular support largely based on its recent record of promoting rapid economic growth and harsh repression of political opposition. Yet, the party and country face serious challenges on many fronts, including a slowing economy, environmental desecration, pervasive corruption, extreme inequalities, and a rising tide of social protest. Politics in China is an authoritative introduction to how the world's most populous nation and rapidly rising global power is governed today. Written by leading China scholars, the book's chapters offers accessible overviews of major periods in China's modern political history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, key topics in contemporary Chinese politics, and developments in four important areas located on China's geographic periphery: Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.