The Power of the Prosecutor: Gatekeepers of the Criminal Justice System

Gatekeepers of the Criminal Justice System

Author: Joan E. Jacoby,Edward C. Ratledge

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440842191

Category: Law

Page: 227

View: 1470

In this book, readers will take a fascinating journey with local prosecutors as they seek to obtain reasonable and appropriate case dispositions while preventing abuse and misuse of the law and protecting the civil rights of their jurisdictions. • Offers understandable explanations of why outcomes vary so widely in the criminal justice system—for example, why one prosecutor's office uses drug treatment programs for first-time offenders and another seeks jail time • Answers many of the questions raised in Ferguson, MO, and Staten Island, NY, about the role of prosecutors and their discretionary powers • Presents specific well-known cases to enhance readers' understanding of the intended/unintended consequences of our adversarial system of justice • Addresses in detail the complex relationships between various parts of the U.S. criminal justice system

Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics

Author: Bruce A. Arrigo

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483389790

Category: Social Science

Page: 1216

View: 3110

Federal, state, county, and municipal police forces all have their own codes of conduct, yet the ethics of being a police officer remain perplexing and are often difficult to apply in dynamic situations. The police misconduct statistics are staggering and indicate that excessive use of force comprises almost a quarter of misconduct cases, with sexual harassment, fraud/theft, and false arrest being the next most prevalent factors. The ethical issues and dilemmas in criminal justice also reach deep into the legal professions, the structure and administration of justice in society, and the personal characteristics of those in the criminal justice professions. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics includes A to Z entries by experts in the field that explore the scope of ethical decision making and behaviors within the spheres of criminal justice systems, including policing, corrections, courts, forensic science, and policy analysis and research. This two-volume set is available in both print and electronic formats. Features: Entries are authored and signed by experts in the field and conclude with references and further readings, as well as cross references to related entries that guide readers to the next steps in their research journeys. A Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and themes, making it easy for readers to quickly identify related entries. A Chronology highlights the development of the field and places material into historical context; a Glossary defines key terms from the fields of law and ethics; and a Resource Guide provides lists of classic books, academic journals, websites and associations focused on criminal justice ethics. Reports and statistics from such sources as the FBI, the United Nations, and the International Criminal Court are included in an appendix. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide, index, and cross references combine to provide effective search-and-browse capabilities. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics provides a general, non-technical yet comprehensive resource for students who wish to understand the complexities of criminal justice ethics.

The Prosecutor in Transnational Perspective

Author: Erik Luna,Marianne Wade

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199939608

Category: Law

Page: 480

View: 2588

The American prosecutor plays a powerful role in the judicial system, wielding the authority to accept or decline a case, choose which crimes to allege, and decide the number of counts to charge. These choices, among others, are often made with little supervision or institutional oversight. This prosecutorial discretion has prompted scholars to look to the role of prosecutors in Europe for insight on how to reform the American system of justice. In The Prosecutor in Transnational Perspective, Erik Luna and Marianne Wade, through the works of their contributors coupled with their own analysis, demonstrate that valuable lessons can be learned from a transnational examination of prosecutorial authority. They examine both parallels and distinctions in the processes available to and decisions made by prosecutors in the United States and Europe. Ultimately, they demonstrate how the enhanced role of the prosecutor represents a crossroads for criminal justice with weighty legal and socio-economic consequences.

Domestic Violence

Author: N.A

Publisher: Cavendish Publishing

ISBN: 1843141876

Category: Law

Page: 248

View: 2267

First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research

Author: Peter Cane,Herbert Kritzer

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019163543X

Category: Law

Page: 1112

View: 6109

The empirical study of law, legal systems and legal institutions is widely viewed as one of the most exciting and important intellectual developments in the modern history of legal research. Motivated by a conviction that legal phenomena can and should be understood not only in normative terms but also as social practices of political, economic and ethical significance, empirical legal researchers have used quantitative and qualitative methods to illuminate many aspects of law's meaning, operation and impact. In the 43 chapters of The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research leading scholars provide accessible and original discussions of the history, aims and methods of empirical research about law, as well as its achievements and potential. The Handbook has three parts. The first deals with the development and institutional context of empirical legal research. The second - and largest - part consists of critical accounts of empirical research on many aspects of the legal world - on criminal law, civil law, public law, regulatory law and international law; on lawyers, judicial institutions, legal procedures and evidence; and on legal pluralism and the public understanding of law. The third part introduces readers to the methods of empirical research, and its place in the law school curriculum.

Criminal Justice in America

A Critical View

Author: Randall G. Shelden,William Bud Brown

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 413

View: 6909

This text helps students understand controversial issues of racial and economic inequities found in the criminal justice system, offering an alternative interpretation of criminal justice that is rarely presented in traditional textbooks. After overviews of the criminal justice system and the proble

Handbook of Forensic Mental Health with Victims and Offenders

Assessment, Treatment, and Research

Author: David W. Springer, PhD, LCSW,Albert R. Roberts, DSW, PhD, BCETS, DACFE

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826101136

Category: Psychology

Page: 640

View: 925

Designated a Doody's Core Title! Together for the first time; all your forensic social work best practice needs in one volume! "...a vitally important addition to this emerging and essential body of knowledge. This compelling publication places between two covers a broad collection of informative, original essays on core issues in forensic social work. This engaging volume offers readers keen insights into forensic practice related to child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, suicide, psychiatric care and mental illness, juvenile justice, adult corrections, addictions, trauma, and restorative justice." --from the foreword by Frederic G. Reamer, School of Social Work, Rhode Island College From expert testimony advice to treating HIV-positive incarcerated women, this handbook contains the most current research and tested field practices for child welfare through adulthood in the civil and criminal system. Encompassing a wide range of treatments, roles, specialized practices, research, and diagnoses, the Handbook of Forensic Mental Health With Victims and Offenders will guide practicing professionals through the forensic social work issues they encounter on a daily basis, such as: Prevention of prisoners' sudden deaths Expert witness testimony in child welfare and women battering Treatment of dually diagnosed adolescents The overrepresentation of African-Americans incarcerated for juvenile delinquency Jail mental health services for adults Drug courts and PTSD in inmates with substance abuse histories Recidivism prevention Basic tasks in post-trauma intervention with victims and offenders Culture and gender considerations in restorative justice Edited by Dr. Albert R. Roberts and Dr. David W. Springer, with contributions by leaders in the field, this handbook should top the list of must-have publications for all forensic social workers.

The Logic of Social Control

Author: A.V. Horwitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306434754

Category: Psychology

Page: 290

View: 1821

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Introduction to Criminal Justice

Author: Larry J. Siegel,John L. Worrall

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305465679

Category: Education

Page: 736

View: 8387

One of the few bestselling introductory criminal justice texts written by professors who actively teach the course to large numbers of undergraduates each year, INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE is uniquely attuned to the needs of today's students and instructors. Now in its fifteenth edition and known for its authoritative, solidly researched content, Siegel and Worrall's text delivers comprehensive, cutting-edge coverage of criminal justice. Extremely student friendly, the text's balanced and objective presentation is packed with provocative real-world examples and the latest developments from the field. Crisp writing, complemented by vivid illustrations, deftly guides readers through the intricate workings of the police, courts, and correctional systems; the concepts and processes of justice; and key policy issues. The book also includes an emphasis on today's criminal justice careers, offering insights from numerous professionals on the rewards and realities of their jobs. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Intimate Violence

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Author: Emilio Viano

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781560322443

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 293

View: 5285

Self-Hypnosis: The Complete Manual for Health and Self-Change, 2nd ed offers a step-by step guide to using hypnosis to better well-being and stronger self-control. For over two decades renowned therapist and author Brian Alman showed thousands of individuals how to use self-inductive techniques for relief from pain, stress, and discomfort. Self-hypnosis assists in meditation and fosters positive self-regard. The exercises in Self-Hypnosis are clear, concise and easily attainable. As an effective therapy in alleviating the pain of childbirth, medical and dental surgery, burns, and accidental injuries, hypnosis is practiced widely. Hypnosis in pain relief is a noninvasive and natural healing process. Self-Hypnosis makes this healing technique available to the lay reader.

United Kingdom law in the mid-1990s

common law studies for the XIVth International Congress of Comparative Law

Author: United Kingdom National Committee of Comparative Law

Publisher: British Inst of Intl & Comparative

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 661

View: 8932

American Criminal Law

Author: John M. Scheb

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780314068699

Category: Criminal justice, Administration of

Page: 477

View: 8932

Der Aufstieg der Wissenschaftlichen Philosophie

Author: Hans Reichenbach

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322987701

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 6114

ZUR 2. AUFLAGE DER DEUTSCHEN AUSGABE Warum eröffnen wir eine Buchreihe über Wissenschafts theorie verschiedener Hauptdisziplinen mit einer Neu auflage von Hans Reichenbachs Buch "Aufstieg der wissen schaftlichen Philosophie", dessen 1. Auflage 1951 in den USA erschien? Weil es sich mit seiner präzisen und ver ständlichen Sprache nach siebzehn Jahren immer noch so frisch wie damals liest, weil seine Problematik zwischen Rationalismus und Empirismus, seine Opposition gegen Metaphysik und Ontologie als philosophische Grund legung der Naturwissenschaft immer noch in Mittel europa aktuell ist. Reichenbach spielt aber trotzdem keinen physikalischen Positivismus gegen Philosophie überhaupt aus, sondern tritt für eine autonome, philoso phische Analyse der Physik ein, weil z. B. die Frage, wor aus die Materie besteht, "mit Hilfe von physikalischen Experimenten allein nicht beantwortet werden kann, sondern eine solche Analyse erfordert" (S. 199). Ihm genügt auch nicht der "gesunde Menschenverstand", wenn es sich um schwierige wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen handelt (S. 201). Noch ein Beispiel für den Umschlag von Wissenschaft zu Philosophie: Man kann die Geschichte des Weltalls etwa 2 Milliarden Jahre zurückverfolgen. Wenn man nun danach fragt, wie der Urgasball selbst noch ent standen ist, wird der Wissenschaftler mit einer solchen Frage zum Philosophen (S. 233). Reichenbach unterschei det hier aber Philosophen von spekulativem Typ, die eine Kosmogonie erfanden, welche an die Stelle der Wissen schaft ein Märchen setzte oder einen Schöpfungsakt aus dem Nichts annahm, und solche von modernem Typ.

Zeit, gehört zu werden

Author: Amanda Knox

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426417847

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 504

View: 5808

Es war ein bestialischer Mord. Am 1. November 2007 wurde in Perugia die britische Austauschstudentin Meredith Kercher in ihrer Wohnung vergewaltigt und brutal abgeschlachtet. Im Fokus der Ermittlungen stand sofort Merediths amerikanische Mitbewohnerin Amanda Knox. Gemeinsam mit ihrem Freund Raffaele Sollecito und einem Afrikaner soll sie die Bluttat begangen haben. In einem spektakulären Indizienprozess wurde Amanda Knox schuldig gesprochen und zu 26 Jahren Haft verurteilt. Doch die Ermittlungen waren durch schwere Pannen und massive mediale Vorverurteilungen gekennzeichnet. In einem Berufungsverfahren im Oktober 2011 wurde dann die Beweisführung der Anklage verworfen – Amanda war endlich wieder frei und konnte in ihre Heimat ausreisen. Nun meldet sie sich zu Wort und erzählt, wie sie Opfer eines Justizskandals wurde. Sie berichtet über die beispiellose Hexenjagd und die rüden Verhörmethoden der italienischen Polizei; über ihre seelischen Qualen während des Prozesses und der über 1400 Tage im Gefängnis. Sie erzählt aber auch von dem starken Rückhalt, den sie von ihrer Familie, ihren Freunden und vielen Unbekannten aus aller Welt erfahren hat. Es ist die Geschichte einer jungen Frau, die fast für ein Verbrechen gebüßt hätte, das sie nicht begangen hat.

American Criminal Justice

An Introduction

Author: Clemens Bartollas,Loras A. Jaeger

Publisher: Macmillan Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 554

View: 516

Politics in China

An Introduction, Second Edition

Author: William A. Joseph

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199384835

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 3382

On October 1, 2009, the People's Republic of China (PRC) celebrated the 60th anniversary of its founding. And what an eventful and tumultuous six decades it had been. During that time, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), China was transformed from one of the world's poorest countries into the world's fastest growing major economy, and from a weak state barely able to govern or protect its own territory to a rising power that is challenging the United States for global influence. Over those same years, the PRC also experienced the most deadly famine in human history, caused largely by the actions and inactions of its political leaders. Not long after, there was a collapse of government authority that pushed the country to the brink of (and in some places actually into) civil war and anarchy. Today, China is, for the most part, peaceful, prospering, and proud. This is the China that was on display for the world to see during the Beijing Olympics in 2008. The CCP maintains a firm grip on power through a combination of popular support largely based on its recent record of promoting rapid economic growth and harsh repression of political opposition. Yet, the party and country face serious challenges on many fronts, including a slowing economy, environmental desecration, pervasive corruption, extreme inequalities, and a rising tide of social protest. Politics in China is an authoritative introduction to how the world's most populous nation and rapidly rising global power is governed today. Written by leading China scholars, the book's chapters offers accessible overviews of major periods in China's modern political history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, key topics in contemporary Chinese politics, and developments in four important areas located on China's geographic periphery: Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.