Black Robes, White Coats

The Puzzle of Judicial Policymaking and Scientific Evidence

Author: Rebecca C. Harris

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 081354369X

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 5849

Scientific evidence is commonplace in today's criminal trials. From hair and handwriting analysis to ink and DNA fingerprints, scientists have brought their world to bear on the justice system. Combining political analysis, scientific reasoning, and an in-depth study of specific state supreme court cases, Black Robes, White Coats is an interdisciplinary examination of the tradition of "gatekeeping," the practice of deciding the admissibility of novel scientific evidence. Rebecca Harris systematically examines judicial policymaking in three areas forensic DNA, polygraphs, and psychological syndrome evidence to answer the question: Why is scientific evidence treated differently among various jurisdictions? These decisions have important implications for evaluating our judicial system and its ability to accurately develop scientific policy. While the interaction of these professions occurs because the white coats often develop and ascertain knowledge deemed very useful to the black robes, Harris concludes that the black robes are well positioned to render appropriate rulings and determine the acceptability of harnessing a particular science for legal purposes. First book to systematically gather and analyze judicial decisions on scientific admissibility Analyzes several key cases including Arizona v. Bible and Kansas v. Marks Includes examples of evidence in three appendices: forensic DNA, polygraph evidence, and syndrome evidence Presents an original model of the gatekeeping process

California Evidentiary Foundations

Author: Edward J. Imwinkelried,Thomas J. Leach

Publisher: LexisNexis

ISBN: 1522141987

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4470

California Evidentiary Foundations is the ideal one-volume guide for overcoming common, and not-so-common, evidentiary problems in the courtroom. This accessible, popular manual shows you how to frame predicate questions to gain admission or exclusion of specific types of evidence and includes a list of the foundational elements and examples of specific lines of questioning for establishing these elements. Each foundation is accompanied by a clear explanation of the supporting principles of California evidence law. Packed with proven trial techniques, California Evidentiary Foundations will help you prepare for every evidentiary challenge you may face at trial. California Evidentiary Foundations takes the abstract principles of evidence and organizes them into concise statements, and illustrates their uses with sample transcripts of the elements being applied in the courtroom. The publication helps attorneys focus their case around a theme and understand the theories behind proving up evidence in both civil and criminal cases. This concise manual includes complete references to the California Evidence Code, Rules of Court, key cases, legislative history, and citations to secondary authorities such as Jefferson, Witkin, and CEB texts.

Criminal Evidentiary Foundations

Author: Edward J. Imwinkelried,Daniel D. Blinka

Publisher: LexisNexis

ISBN: 0327173866

Category: Law

Page: 750

View: 4147

This is the reference your clients would ask you to purchase. Criminal Evidentiary Foundations tells you with precision how to lay foundations for your most critical evidence to be admitted in a criminal trial. Expert authors Edward J. Imwinkelried and Daniel D. Blinka quide you through converting abstract evidentiary doctrine into concrete lines of questioning, with phrasing of questions on direct and cross-examination explained in detail and hundreds of sample foundational questions adapted to specific criminal cases. In this convenient single volume with a current supplement, you'll find your questions answered on witness competency, authentication, relevance, credibility, privileges, opinions, hearsay, suppression, the Best Evidence Rule, and more. Whether you are preparing for your first case or you are a seasoned veteran, this treatise will become your most indespensible tool after the Federal Rules of Evidence in your next trial.

The Trial

Author: Robert Whitlow

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 1418512494

Category: Fiction

Page: 464

View: 5250

A lawyer ready to die takes one final case...the trial of his life. Attorney Kent "Mac" MacClain has nothing left to live for. Nine years after the horrific accident that claimed the life of his wife and two sons, he's finally given up. His empty house is a mirror for his empty soul, it seems suicide is his only escape. And then the phone rings. Angela Hightower, the beautiful heiress and daughter of the most powerful man in Dennison Springs, has been found dead at the bottom of a ravine. The accused killer, Peter Thomason, needs a lawyer. But Mac has come up against the Hightowers and their ruthless, high-powered lawyers before -- an encounter that left his practice and reputation reeling. The evidence pointing to Thomason's guilt seems insurmountable. Is Mac defending an ingenious psychopath, or has Thomason been framed--possibly by a member of the victim's family? It comes down to one last trial. For Thomason, the opponent is the electric chair. For Mac, it is his own tormented past--a foe that will prove every bit as deadly.

Polygraph

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Lie detectors and detection

Page: N.A

View: 3132

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9357

Southern Reporter. Second Series

Cases Argued and Determined in the Courts of Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law reports, digests, etc

Page: N.A

View: 5435

Polygraphs and employment

Author: Elizabeth M. Lundell,Bureau of National Affairs (Arlington, Va.),Bureau of National Affairs (Washington, D.C.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 81

View: 4413

Intelligence and the Law

Cases and Materials

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Intelligence service

Page: N.A

View: 2369

The Federal Reporter

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law reports, digests, etc

Page: N.A

View: 4346

Colorado Lawyer

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8493

Nedrud, the Criminal Law

Author: Duane R. Nedrud,Marguerite D. Oberto

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Criminal law

Page: N.A

View: 5395

Credibility Assessment

Scientific Research and Applications

Author: David C. Raskin,Charles R. Honts,John C. Kircher

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123947820

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 4965

In 2001, the late Murray Kleiner and an array of experts contributed to the Handbook of Polygraph Testing, published by Elsevier, which examined the fundamental principles behind polygraph tests and reviewed the key tests and methods used at that time. In the intervening thirteen years, the field has moved beyond traditional polygraph testing to include a host of biometrics and behavioral observations. The new title reflects the breadth of methods now used. Credibility Assessment builds on the content provided in the Kleiner volume, with revised polygraph testing chapters and chapters on newer methodologies, such as CNS, Ocular-motor, and behavioral measures. Deception detection is a major field of interest in criminal investigation and prosecution, national security screening, and screening at ports of entry. Many of these methods have a long history, e.g., polygraph examinations, and some rely on relatively new technologies, e.g., fMRI and Ocular-motor measurements. Others rely on behavioral observations of persons in less restricted settings, e.g., airport screening. The authors, all of whom are internationally-recognized experts associated with major universities in the United States, United Kingdom, and Europe, review and analyze various methods for the detection of deception, their current applications, and major issues and controversies surrounding their uses. This volume will be of great interest among forensic psychologists, psychophysiologists, polygraph examiners, law enforcement, courts, attorneys, and government agencies. Provides a comprehensive review of all aspects of methods for deception detection Includes methods being used in credibility, such as autonomic, CNS, fMRI, and Ocular-motor measures and behavioral and facial observation Edited by leaders in the field with over 25+ years of experience Discusses theory and application