Contextualising The International Covenant On Economic, Social And Cultural Rights

Assessing The Economic Deficit

Author: Mary Dowell-Jones

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004139087

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 9276

This work studies the economic foundations of the international covenant on economic, social and cultural rights. It is argued that legal principles alone cannot fully actualise this instrument: only sustained inter-disciplinary elaboration of its guarantees can give this instrument full effect.

Economic report of the President

hearings before the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States

Author: United States. Congress. Joint Economic Committee

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: N.A

Category: United States

Page: N.A

View: 6501

Social Strategy & Corporate Structure

Author: Neil W. Chamberlain

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1416576452

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 2483

This new work by Neil W. Chamberlain will be of great importance to the business community -- and to all those charged with defining the role large corporations play in the affairs of society. Social Strategy and Corporate Structure is an objective, indepth examination of the organizational requirements of a social role for large-scale business. The role Neil Chamberlain presents is one of heroic dimensions: the political choice of goals, the strategic allocation of resources, and the tactical operations of the mechanisms of production. While there has been much discussion of corporate social responsibility, few have investigated the ways its structure will have to change if the corporation is to pursue a strategy that is both economic and social. This timely book integrates a large number of issues involving corporate activities and governance that go directly to the heart of this problem. In step-by-step detail, Chamberlain analyzes the organizational imperatives of this new age of social responsibility: the composition and functions of boards of directors and the relation of their duties to a broad system of national planning; the internal social audit; changes in the characteristics of corporate social planning; and proposals for restructuring ultimate corporate authority, either through public or outside directors. In addition, he examines the potential relevance of federal chartering of corporations, and the effects of international economic interdependence on the development of a new corporate social strategy. This book is not a detailed blueprint for change. Rather, it presents a thorough, systematic study of available courses of action for improvement, based on the principle that conventional notions of corporate independence will have to be modified for any social strategy to work. And while not everyone will agree with Neil Chamberlain, few can afford to ignore his provocative insights into what corporations must do to function effectively in a changed social environment.

Two Revolutions in Economic Policy

The First Economic Reports of Presidents Kennedy and Reagan

Author: James Tobin,Murray L. Weidenbaum,Murray Weidenbaum

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262700344

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 533

View: 5519

The juxtaposition of Kennedy and Reagan approaches to economic problems isparticularly instructive in that they express the two major - and quite different - approaches ofmacroeconomic policy in the past three decades: the 1962 Kennedy Camelot which relied on traditionalKeynesian economics, and the 1982 Reagan program which called for a supplyside solution to thecountry's economic difficulties. From today's vantage point it is useful to compare what these twodifferent groups of economic advisors planned to do, what they did, and what the results were.JamesTobin, who received the Nobel Prize in economics in 1981, is Sterling Professor of Economics atYale. His Essays in Economics, collected in three volumes, are available from The MIT Press. MurrayL. Weidenbaum is Director of the Center for the Study of American Business and MallinckrodtDistinguished University Professor at Washington University.

The Socio-economics of Conversion from War to Peace

Author: Lloyd J. Dumas,Amitai Etzioni

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9781563245282

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 339

View: 2980

This text discusses the economic, social and political implications of redirecting labour and capital from a military-based to a post-Cold War economy.

The Second Paycheck

A Socioeconomic Analysis of Earnings

Author: Alice Nakamura,Masao Nakamura

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 148327635X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 526

View: 7530

The Second Paycheck: A Socioeconomic Analysis of Earnings is a comprehensive analysis of the socioeconomic aspects of earnings, with emphasis on the dynamic labor supply behavior of men and women. The importance of dynamic models in understanding labor supply is highlighted. The impact of children on the dynamic labor supply of men and women, and how changes in marital status affect female labor supply, are also discussed. Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins by considering several reasons why the labor force behavior of married women has become an important topic in the mainstream of the economics literature. The work behavior of married women is examined in the larger context of the work behavior of married and unmarried men and women. Furthermore, a microanalytic simulation approach to behavioral research and forecasting is presented. The behavioral model used in this study is then described. In addition to coefficient estimates, the probabilities of work, expected wage rates and expected hours of work are analyzed. A Heckman-type model of work behavior is also generalized to include unemployment. This monograph is intended for economists, sociologists, students of labor economics, researchers, forecasters, and those from all backgrounds who are interested in understanding or forecasting the employment and earnings behavior of women.

Systematic Thinking for Social Action

Author: Alice M. Rivlin

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815726457

Category: Political Science

Page: 142

View: 7391

In January 1970 Alice M. Rivlin spoke to an audience at the University of California-Berkeley. The topic was developing a more rational approach to decisionmaking in government. If digital video, YouTube, and TED Talks had been inventions of the 1960s, Rivlin's talk would have been a viral hit. As it was, the resulting book, Systematic Thinking for Social Action, spent years on the Brookings Press bestseller list. Is is a very personal and conversational volume about the dawn of new ways of thinking about government. As deputy assistant secretary for program coordination, and later as assistant secretary for planning and evaluation, at the Department of Health, Education and Welfare from 1966 to 1969, Rivlin was an early advocate of systems analysis, which had been introduced by Robert McNamara at the Department of Defense as PPBS (planning-programming-budgeting-system). While Rivlin brushes aside the jargon, she digs into the substance of systematic analysis and a 'quiet revolution in government. In an evaluation of the evaluators, she issues mixed grades, pointing out where analysts had been helpful in finding solutions and where—because of inadequate data or methods—they had been no help at all. Systematic Thinking for Social Action offers important insights for anyone interested in working to find the smartest ways to allocate scarce funds to promote the maximum well-being of all citizens.

Democratising Development

The Politics of Socio-economic Rights in South Africa : [proceedings]

Author: Peris Jones,Kristian Stokke

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004148213

Category: Political Science

Page: 290

View: 6914

What are the prospects and means of achieving development through a democratic politics of socio-economic rights? Starting from the position that socio-economic rights are as legally and normatively valid as civil and political rights, this anthology explores the politics of acquiring and transforming socio-economic rights in South Africa. The post-apartheid South African experience shows that democracy is not a guarantee for elimination of poverty and inequality, but also that democratic institutions and politics may provide means for addressing past and present injustices. Thus it is argued that democratic politics of socio-economic rights democratises development while also developing democracy.

The Oil Kings

How the U.S., Iran, and Saudi Arabia Changed the Balance of Power in the Middle East

Author: Andrew Scott Cooper

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439157138

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 8823

struggling with a recession . . . European nations at risk of defaulting on their loans . . . A possible global financial crisis. It happened before, in the 1970s. Oil Kings is the story of how oil came to dominate U.S. domestic and international affairs. As Richard Nixon fought off Watergate inquiries in 1973, the U.S. economy reacted to an oil shortage initiated by Arab nations in retaliation for American support of Israel in the Arab- Israeli war. The price of oil skyrocketed, causing serious inflation. One man the U.S. could rely on in the Middle East was the Shah of Iran, a loyal ally whose grand ambitions had made him a leading customer for American weapons. Iran sold the U.S. oil; the U.S. sold Iran missiles and fighter jets. But the Shah’s economy depended almost entirely on oil, and the U.S. economy could not tolerate annual double-digit increases in the price of this essential commodity. European economies were hit even harder by the soaring oil prices, and several NATO allies were at risk of default on their debt. In 1976, with the U.S. economy in peril, President Gerald Ford, locked in a tight election race, decided he had to find a country that would sell oil to the U.S. more cheaply and break the OPEC monopoly, which the Shah refused to do. On the advice of Treasury Secretary William Simon and against the advice of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, Ford made a deal to sell advanced weaponry to the Saudis in exchange for a modest price hike on oil. Ford lost the election, but the deal had lasting consequences. The Shah’s economy was destabilized, and disaffected elements in Iran mobilized to overthrow him. The U.S. had embarked on a long relationship with the autocratic Saudi kingdom that continues to this day. Andrew Scott Cooper draws on newly declassified documents and interviews with some key figures of the time to show how Nixon, Ford, Kissinger, the CIA, and the State and Treasury departments—as well as the Shah and the Saudi royal family— maneuvered to control events in the Middle East. He details the secret U.S.-Saudi plan to circumvent OPEC that destabilized the Shah. He reveals how close the U.S. came to sending troops into the Persian Gulf to break the Arab oil embargo. The Oil Kings provides solid evidence that U.S. officials ignored warning signs of a potential hostage crisis in Iran. It discloses that U.S. officials offered to sell nuclear power and nuclear fuel to the Shah. And it shows how the Ford Administration barely averted a European debt crisis that could have triggered a financial catastrophe in the U.S. Brilliantly reported and filled with astonishing details about some of the key figures of the time, The Oil Kings is the history of an era that we thought we knew, an era whose momentous reverberations still influence events at home and abroad today.