Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender, Updated Edition
Author: Nancy J Chodorow
Publisher: Univ of California Press
When this best-seller was published, it put the mother-daughter relationship and female psychology on the map. The Reproduction of Mothering was chosen by Contemporary Sociology as one of the ten most influential books of the past twenty-five years. With a new preface by the author, this updated edition is testament to the formative effect that Nancy Chodorow's work continues to exert on psychoanalysis, social science, and the humanities.
100 Schlüsselwerke im Portrait
Author: Samuel Salzborn
Category: Social Science
Der vorliegende Band stellt 100 zentrale Titel vor und liefert einerseits Stichworte zu Leben und Gesamtwerk der AutorInnen, legt andererseits den zentralen Fokus auf das Schlüsselwerk, dessen Titel man in jedem Studium hören wird, der als geflügeltes Wort durch die Feuilletons geistert und zahlreiche Reden schmückt. Es gibt sozialwissenschaftliche Werke, die muss man kennen: egal, ob man Soziologie oder Politikwissenschaft, Sozialpsychologie, Ethnologie, Erziehungswissenschaft oder Geschlechterforschung studiert oder sich für sozialwissenschaftliche Fragestellungen aus dem Blickwinkel affiner Fächer wie Geschichte, Rechtswissenschaft oder Philosophie interessiert. Der Band soll die (Lese-)Lust an den sozialwissenschaftlichen Klassikern (neu) wecken und „Appetit“ auf das Gesamtwerk einzelner AutorInnen machen.
Author: Nancy J. Chodorow
Publisher: New Haven [Conn.] : Yale University Press
Essays discuss the relations among gender, self, and society, the significance of women's mothering for gender personality and gender relations, and how the psychodynamics of gender create and sustain individualism
Wissen und Geschlecht in Musik, Theater, Film
Author: Andrea Ellmeier
Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Wien
Category: Feminism and the arts
Empirische Befunde, theoretische Anschlüsse, politische Intervention
Author: Julia Reuter,Paula-Irene Villa
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Category: Political Science
Dieser Band steht für ein Programm, das die Relevanz postkolonialer Theorien für die Soziologie aufzeigt. Er bringt die aktuellen Diskussionen zum Thema aus Kultur-, Migrations- und Geschlechtersoziologie mit dem Ziel zusammen, nicht nur die Grundbegriffe und zentralen Theorien im disziplinären Kontext, sondern auch ihre gesellschaftspolitischen Implikationen vor dem Hintergrund einer postkolonialen Perspektive zu überdenken. Die vorwiegend aus dem Fach stammenden Beiträge gehen dabei sowohl theorie-systematisch wie empirisch vor, um die postkoloniale Perspektive in der Soziologie nachhaltig zu verankern.
Theory and Practice
Author: Nancy J. Chodorow
Nancy Chodorow, in her groundbreaking book The Reproduction of Mothering, quite simply changed the conversation in at least three areas of study: psychoanalysis, women's studies, and sociology. In her latest book, Individualizing Gender and Sexuality, she examines the complexity and uniqueness of each person's personal creation of sexuality and gender and the ways that these interrelate with other aspects of psychic and cultural life. She brings her well-known theoretical agility, wide-ranging interdisciplinarity, and clinical experience to every chapter, advocating for the clinician's openness, curiosity, and theoretical pluralism. The book begins with reflections on Freud's Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality, followed by considerations of Melanie Klein and Stephen Mitchell, as well as on her own work and on the postmodern turn in psychoanalytic gender theory. Subsequent chapters address contemporary clinical-cultural issues such as women and work, women and motherhood, and men and violence. Concluding chapters elaborate on the multiple ingredients and the personal affective, conflictual, and defensive constellations and processes that create sexuality and gender in each individual. Ending with a chapter on homosexualities as compromise formations, Chodorow deepens her account of clinical individuality and sex-gender transference-countertransference while bringing her readers back to Freud and to the many strands that followed, as she consolidates a consistent line of interest in sexuality and gender, theory and practice, sustained over a lifetime.
Feminism, Psychoanalysis, and Social Theory
Author: Cynthia Burack
Publisher: NYU Press
Women, says conventional wisdom, are warm, nurturing caregivers with an intrinsically enhanced capacity for attachment and compassion. Feminists, says the popular image, are full of rage, devoid of the feelings that are natural to women. How have feminists themselves dealt with this dualism and, more specifically, with the disagreeable passions? What has too often been missing from discussions of women's psychology in social theory is an account of women as ambivalent: both empathic and enraged, loving and hating. The Problem of the Passions fills this void. Examining the work of such feminist theorists as Carol Gilligan, Nancy Chodorow, Jessica Benjamin, and Dorothy Dinnerstein in a new light, Burack argues that feminist social theory can be repaired through attention to the pioneering psychoanalytic work of Melanie Klein. Sure to be of interest to feminists, psychoanalysts, political scientists, and social theorists, The Problem of the Passions is essential reading for anyone concerned with feminism and questions of identity in social thought.
An Introductory Reader
Author: Rosalind Minsky
Category: Literary Criticism
What is object-relations theory and what does it have to do with literary studies? How can Freud's phallocentric theories be applied by feminist critics? In Psychoanalysis and Gender: An Introductory Reader Rosalind Minsky answers these questions and more, offering students a clear, straightforward overview without ever losing them in jargon. In the first section Minsky outlines the fundamentals of the theory, introducing the key thinkers and providing clear commentary. In the second section, the theory is demonstrated by an anthology of seminal essays which includes: * Feminity by Sigmund Freud * Envy and Gratitude by Melanie Klein * An extract from Transitional Objects and Transitional Phenomena by Donald Winnicot * The Meaning of the Phallus by Jacques Lacan * An extract from Women's Time by Julia Kristeva * An extract from Speculum of the Other Woman by Luce Irigaray
Feminism, Individualism and the Problem of Mothering
Author: Patrice DiQuinzio
An adequate analysis of experiences and situations specific to women, especially mothering, requires consideration of women's difference. A focus on women's difference, however, jeopardizes feminism's claims of women's equal individualist subjectivity, and risks recuperating the inequality and oppression of women, especially the view that all women should be mothers, want to be mothers, and are most happy being mothers. This book considers how thinkers including Simone de Beauvoir, Julia Kristeva, Nancy Choderow and Adrienne Rich struggle to negotiate this dilemma of difference in analyzing mothering, encompassing the paradoxes concerning embodiment, gender and representation they encounter. Patrice Di Quinzio shows that mothering has been and will continue to be an intractable problem for feminist theory itself, and suggests the political usefulness of an explicitly paradoxical politics of mothering.
Author: Sigmund Freud
Category: Social Science
Dieses eBook: "Das Unbehagen in der Kultur" ist mit einem detaillierten und dynamischen Inhaltsverzeichnis versehen und wurde sorgfältig korrekturgelesen. Das Unbehagen in der Kultur ist der Titel einer 1930 erschienenen Schrift von Sigmund Freud. Die Arbeit ist, neben Massenpsychologie und Ich-Analyse von 1921, Freuds umfassendste kulturtheoretische Abhandlung; sie gehört zu den einflussreichsten kulturkritischen Schriften des 20. Jahrhunderts. Thema ist der Gegensatz zwischen der Kultur und den Triebregungen. Die Kultur ist bestrebt, immer größere soziale Einheiten zu bilden. Hierzu schränkt sie die Befriedigung sexueller und aggressiver Triebe ein; einen Teil der Aggression verwandelt sie in Schuldgefühl. Auf diese Weise ist die Kultur eine Quelle des Leidens; ihre Entwicklung führt zu einem wachsenden Unbehagen. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) war ein österreichischer Neurologe, Tiefenpsychologe, Kulturtheoretiker und Religionskritiker. Er war der Begründer der Psychoanalyse und gilt als einer der einflussreichsten Denker des 20. Jahrhunderts. Seine Theorien und Methoden werden bis heute diskutiert und angewendet.
Author: Cheshire Calhoun
Publisher: OUP Oxford
How has feminism failed lesbianism? What issues belong at the top of a lesbian and gay political agenda? This book answers both questions by examining what lesbian and gay subordination really amounts to. Calhoun argues that lesbians and gays aren't just socially and politically disadvantaged. The closet displaces lesbians and gays from visible citizenship, and both law and cultural norms deny lesbians and gay men a private sphere of romance, marriage, and the family. - ;Feminism, the Family, and the Politics of the Closet is about placing sexual orientation politics within feminist theorizing. It is also about defining the central political issues confronting lesbian and gay men. The book brings the study of lesbians from the margins of feminist theory to the centre by critiquing the analytic frameworks employed within feminist theory that renders invisible lesbians' difference from heterosexual women. This book also outlines the basic features of lesbian and gay subordination by exploring the differences between heterosexual dominance and gender and race relations. Throughout, Calhoun aims to re-centre lesbian and gay politics away from concern with sexual regulations and toward concern with the displacement of gays and lesbians from the public sphere of visible citizenship and from the private sphere of romance, marriage, and family. -
Negotiating Achievement and Peer Cultures
Author: Becky Francis,Barbara Read,Christine Skelton
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
How do some students manage to excel in their studies and be popular while other high achievers are treated as social outcasts? This lively and accessible text looks at the relationships between gender, race and social class, and attainment and popularity, for high-achieving pupils. The internationally renowned authors present a lucid theoretical framework that reflects the complexity of these issues, placing them within the broader context of the policies that cause and constrain particular behaviours among teachers and pupils. The authors draw together empirical data, bringing the realities of young people to life and presenting the lessons that can be learnt to enhance the educational achievement of all students. It is an engaging text for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students exploring the debates on identity and achievement.
Intersubjektivität - Gender - Psychoanalyse
Author: Jessica Benjamin
Author: Juliet Schor,Douglas B. Holt
Publisher: The New Press
Category: Social Science
The Consumer Society Reader features a range of key works on the nature and evolution of consumer society. Included here is much-discussed work by leading critics such as Jean Baudrillard, Susan Bordo, Dick Hebdige, bell hooks, and Janice Radway. Also included is a full range of classics, such as Frankfurt School writers Adorno and Horkheimer on the Culture Industry; Thorstein Veblen's oft-cited writings on "conspicuous consumption"; Betty Friedan on the housewife's central role in consumer society; John Kenneth Galbraith's influential analysis of the "affluent society"; and Pierre Bourdieu on the notion of "taste." "Consumer society--the 'air we breathe,' as George Orwell has described it--disappears during economic downtruns and political crises. It becomes visible again when prosperity seems secure, cultural transformation is too rapid, or enviornmental disasters occur. Such is the time in which we now find ourselves. As the roads clog with gas-guzzling SUVs and McMansions proliferate in the suburbs, the nation is once again asking fundamental questions about lifestyle. Has 'luxury fever,' to use Robert Frank's phrase, gotten out of hand? Are we really comfortable with the 'Brand Is Me' mentality? Have we gone too far in pursuit of the almighty dollar, to the detriment of our families, communities, and natural enviornment? Even politicians, ordinarily impermeable to questions about consumerism, are voicing doubts... [and] polls suggest majorities of Americans feel the country has become too materialistic, too focused on getting and spending, and increasingly removed from long-standing non-materialist values." —From the introduction by Douglas B. Holt and Juliet B. Schor
Myth, Psychoanalysis, and the Law of the Mother
Author: Amber Jacobs
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Social Science
Despite advances in feminism, the "law of the father" remains the dominant model of Western psychological and cultural analysis, and the law of the mother continues to exist as an underdeveloped and marginal concept. In her radical rereading of the Greek myth, Oresteia, Amber Jacobs hopes to rectify the occlusion of the mother and reinforce her role as an active agent in the laws that determine and reinforce our cultural organization. According to Greek myth, Metis, Athena's mother, was Zeus's first wife. Zeus swallowed Metis to prevent her from bearing children who would overthrow him. Nevertheless, Metis bore Zeus a child-Athena-who sprang forth fully formed from his head. In Aeschylus's Oresteia, Athena's motherless status functions as a crucial justification for absolving Orestes of the crime of matricide. In his defense of Orestes, Zeus argues that the father is more important than the mother, using Athena's "motherless" birth as an example. Conducting a close reading of critical works on Aeschylus's text, Jacobs reveals that psychoanalytic theorists have unwittingly reproduced the denial of Metis in their own critiques. This repression, which can be found in the work of Sigmund Freud and Melanie Klein as well as in the work of more contemporary theorists such as André Green and Luce Irigaray, has resulted in both an incomplete analysis of Oresteia and an inability to account for the fantasies and unconscious processes that fall outside the oedipal/patricidal paradigm. By bringing the story of Athena's mother, Metis, to the forefront, Jacobs challenges the primacy of the Oedipus myth in Western culture and psychoanalysis and introduces a bold new theory of matricide and maternal law. She finds that the Metis myth exists in cryptic forms within Aeschylus's text, uncovering what she terms the "latent content of the Oresteian myth," and argues that the occlusion of the law of the mother is proof of the patriarchal structures underlying our contemporary social and psychic realities. Jacobs's work not only provides new insight into the Oresteian trilogy but also advances a postpatriarchal model of the symbolic order that has strong ramifications for psychoanalysis, feminism, and theories of representation, as well as for clinical practice and epistemology.
Author: Zillah R. Eisenstein
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Body, Human
In dit boek over sekse verschillen stelt Eisenstein dat de ongelijkheid tussen de sekse in stand wordt gehouden door zowel het recht, die de man als standaard neemt bij wetgeving die de formele gelijkheid tussen mannen en vrouwen wil regelen, als door het biologische verschil tussen man en vrouw, waardoor vrouwen beperkt worden tot voortplanting en moederschap. Aan de hand van thema's als positieve actie, abortus en pornografie laat ze zien dat het recht beperkend werkt. Zonder terug te vallen in traditionele ideen stelt ze het 'zwangere lichaam' met de gevolgen daarvan, centraal in de discussie over gelijke behandeling.
Global Women's Issues and Knowledge
Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender
For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.