The Rise And Fall of British Naval Mastery

Author: Paul Kennedy

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141983833

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 927

Paul Kennedy's classic naval history, now updated with a new introduction by the author This acclaimed book traces Britain's rise and fall as a sea power from the Tudors to the present day. Challenging the traditional view that the British are natural 'sons of the waves', he suggests instead that the country's fortunes as a significant maritime force have always been bound up with its economic growth. In doing so, he contributes significantly to the centuries-long debate between 'continental' and 'maritime' schools of strategy over Britain's policy in times of war. Setting British naval history within a framework of national, international, economic, political and strategic considerations, he offers a fresh approach to one of the central questions in British history. A new introduction extends his analysis into the twenty-first century and reflects on current American and Chinese ambitions for naval mastery. 'Excellent and stimulating' Correlli Barnett 'The first scholar to have set the sweep of British Naval history against the background of economic history' Michael Howard, Sunday Times 'By far the best study that has ever been done on the subject ... a sparkling and apt quotation on practically every page' Daniel A. Baugh, International History Review 'The best single-volume study of Britain and her naval past now available to us' Jon Sumida, Journal of Modern History

The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers

Author: Paul Kennedy

Publisher: HarperCollins UK

ISBN: 0008226474

Category: History

Page: 928

View: 2692

WINNER OF THE WOLFSON HISTORY PRIZE Paul Kennedy’s international bestseller is a sweeping account of five hundred years of fluctuating economic muscle and military might.

Parlament der Menschheit

die Vereinten Nationen und der Weg zur Weltregierung

Author: Paul M. Kennedy

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406563287

Category: International relations

Page: 400

View: 7509

Mission im Mittelmeer

Roman

Author: Patrick O'Brian

Publisher: Refinery

ISBN: 3960480474

Category: Fiction

Page: 400

View: 709

Trotz der sofortigen Wiederaufrüstung nach Napoleons Flucht von Elba im Frühjahr 1815 können die Briten ihre stillgelegten Kriegsschiffe nicht innerhalb weniger Wochen seeklar machen. Und so dauert es zu lange, bis sich die Royal Navy wieder aktiv im Krieg befindet, um die Adriahäfen zu schließen und jedes Schiff zu versenken, das die Absicht hat, sich Napoleon anzuschließen. Nur Kommodore Aubrey auf der Surprise und sein Geschwader, die bereits im Mittelmeer auf und ab stehen, um die Straße von Gibraltar zu überwachen, können die Schiffe des muslimischen Herrschers Ibn Hazm von Azarhar stellen, als er den Transport eines Goldschatzes verfügt, der Napoleon die Vorherrschaft in Europa endgültig sichern soll. Doch ohne die fein gesponnenen Fäden von Dr. Stephen Maturin, der seine Karriere als Geheimagent und sein Überleben nicht zuletzt seinem scharfen Ohr für Heuchelei verdankt, wäre der Royal Navy diesmal kein Erfolg beschieden. Der neunzehnte Roman der Bestsellerserie, die ihre Leser und Kritiker weltweit zu begeisterten Fans wegen der marinehistorischen Genauigkeit und des feinen literarischen Niveaus werden ließ.

Das Wunder Europa

Umwelt, Wirtschaft und Geopolitik in der Geschichte Europas und Asiens

Author: Eric L. Jones

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161520709

Category: Political Science

Page: 331

View: 1319

"Jones beschreibt in seinem Werk die Entwicklung Europas in langfristiger Sicht. Dabei legt er besonderes Gewicht auf die Zeit zwischen 1400 und 1800 und auf Vergleiche mit Asien. Das System, das damals in Europa entstand, ist wichtig für die Geschichte dieses Erdteils und als Vorläufer für die USA, Kanada, Australien, Neuseeland, Lateinamerika und Südafrika." -- Herausgeber.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 2974

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Engineers of Victory

The Problem Solvers who Turned the Tide in the Second World War

Author: Paul Kennedy

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 184614728X

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 858

From Paul Kennedy, author of The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, one of the most acclaimed history books of recent decades, Engineers of Victory is a new account of how the tide was turned against the Nazis by the Allies in the Second World War. In January 1943 Churchill and Roosevelt and the Combined Chiefs of Staff met in Casablanca to review the western Allies' war aims and strategy. They realised that to attain their ultimate aim of 'unconditional surrender' they would have to achieve some formidable objectives - win control of the Atlantic sea-lanes and command of the air over the whole of West-Central Europe, work out how to land on an enemy-held shore so that Continental Europe could be retaken, how to blunt the Nazi blitzkrieg that a successful invasion would undoubtedly provoke, and finally how to 'hop' across the islands of the Pacific to assault the Japanese mainland. Eighteen months later on, as Paul Kennedy writes, 'these operational aims were either accomplished or close to being so.' The history of the Second World War is often told as a grand narrative. The focus of this book, by contrast, is on the problem-solvers - Major-General Perry Hobart, who invented the 'funny tanks' which flattened the curve on the D-Day beaches; Flight Lieutenant Ronnie Harker 'the man who put the Merlin in the Mustang'; Captain 'Johnny' Walker, the convoy captain who worked out how to sink U-boats with a 'creeping barrage'. The result is a fresh perspective on the greatest, conflict in human history. Paul Kennedy is one of the world's best-selling and most influential historians. He is the author or editor of nineteen books, including The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, which has been translated into over twenty languages, Preparing for the Twenty-First Century, The Parliament of Man and the now classic Rise and Fall of British Naval Mastery.

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 7733

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Bombing to Win

Air Power and Coercion in War

Author: Robert A. Pape

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801471508

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 365

From Iraq to Bosnia to North Korea, the first question in American foreign policy debates is increasingly: Can air power alone do the job? Robert A. Pape provides a systematic answer. Analyzing the results of over thirty air campaigns, including a detailed reconstruction of the Gulf War, he argues that the key to success is attacking the enemy's military strategy, not its economy, people, or leaders. Coercive air power can succeed, but not as cheaply as air enthusiasts would like to believe. Pape examines the air raids on Germany, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, and Iraq as well as those of Israel versus Egypt, providing details of bombing and governmental decision making. His detailed narratives of the strategic effectiveness of bombing range from the classical cases of World War II to an extraordinary reconstruction of airpower use in the Gulf War, based on recently declassified documents. In this now-classic work of the theory and practice of airpower and its political effects, Robert A. Pape helps military strategists and policy makers judge the purpose of various air strategies, and helps general readers understand the policy debates.

Global Geostrategy

Mackinder and the Defence of the West

Author: Brian Blouet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135765618

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 8532

This is a new examination of Halford Mackinder’s seminal global geostrategic work, from the perspective of geography, diplomatic history, political science, international relations, imperial history, and the space age. Mackinder was a man ahead of his time. He foresaw many of the key strategic issues that came to dominate the twentieth century. Until the disintegration of the Soviet Union, western defence strategists feared that one power, or alliance, might come to dominate Eurasia. Admiral Mahan discussed this issue in The Problem of Asia (1900) but Mackinder made the most authoritative statement in "The Geographical Pivot of History" (1904). He argued that in the "closed Heart-Land of Euroasia" was a strategically placed region, with great resources, that if controlled by one force could be the basis of a World Empire. James Kurth, in Foreign Affairs, has commented that it has taken two World Wars and the Cold War to prevent Mackinder’s prophecy becoming reality. In World War I and World War II Germany achieved huge territorial gains at the expense of the Russian empire and the Soviet Union. In the former conflict the Russian empire was defeated by Germany but the western powers insisted that the territorial gains made by Germany, at the treaty of Brest-Litovsk, be given up. In World War II Britain and the US gave material support to Stalin’s totalitarian regime to prevent Nazi Germany gaining control of the territory and resources that might have been a basis for world domination. The west, highly conscious of Mackinder’s dictum (1919) that "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland," quickly adopted policies to contain the Soviet Union. History has therefore proved Mackinder’s work to be of vital importance to generations of strategic thinking and he remains a key influence in the new millennium. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of strategic studies and military history and of geopolitics in particular.

The Seabound Coast

The Official History of the Royal Canadian Navy, 1867–1939

Author: William Johnston,William G.P. Rawling,Richard H. Gimblett,John MacFarlane

Publisher: Dundurn

ISBN: 9781554889082

Category: History

Page: 1014

View: 1052

Based on extensive archival research, it traces the story of the navy, from its beginnings as Lauriers tinpot navy, and includes the interwar years.

Imperial Britain

The Empire in British Politics, c. 1880-1932

Author: Andrew S. Thompson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317882539

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 5026

This new study considers the impact of the empire upon modern British political culture. The economic and cultural legacy of empire have received a great deal of attention, but historians have neglected the effects of empire upon the domestic British political scene. Dr Thompson explores economic, demographic, intellectual and military influences and he shows how parliamentary and party opinion interacted with imperial ideas and interests in the country at large. This is a major new book which explores the ideology of key imperial campaigns, and their popular support. It makes a critical contribution to recent debates -- about the importance of empire to the nature and development of British national identities before and after the First World War.

The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Navy in the Baltic 1921-1941

Author: Gunnar Åselius

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135769605

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 9924

This book, based on extensive work in Russian archives, investigates how strategy, organisational rivalry and cultural factors came to shape naval developments in the Soviet Union, up to the invasion of 1941. Focussing on the Baltic Fleet, the author shows how the perceived balance of power in northern Europe came to have a major influence on Soviet naval policy during the 1920s and 1930s. The operational environment of a narrow inland-sea like the Baltic would have required a joint approach to military planning, but the Soviet navy's weak position among the armed services made such an approach hard to attain. The Soviet regime also struggled against the cultural heritage of the tsarist navy and the book describes how this was overcome. In a special Appendix dedicated to the purges of 1937-38, surviving party records from the Baltic Fleet Intelligence Section are used to illustrate the mechanisms of the Great Terror at local level.

Der imperiale Traum

Die Globalgeschichte großer Reiche 1400-2000

Author: John Darwin

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593409976

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 7019

Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts begannen die europäischen Seefahrernationen, die Seewege Richtung Amerika und Indien zu erschließen. Doch was geschah damals in jenem Teil der Welt, der vom Ausgreifen des Westens zunächst relativ unberührt blieb? In einer meisterhaften Geschichtserzählung schildert John Darwin, dass die asiatischen Reiche - China, Japan, das indische Mogul-Reich, das Osmanische und Russische Reich - lange Zeit erstaunlich stabil blieben. Erst um 1880 erlangte Europa ihnen gegenüber eine ökonomische und militärische Vormachtstellung, die es aber im Zuge der beiden Weltkriege des 20. Jahrhunderts bald wieder verlor. "Dieses Buch wird über Jahre zum Standard werden." Rheinischer Merkur "Kaum ein Stein des welthistorischen Mosaiks seit der frühen Neuzeit bleibt von Darwin ungewendet." Die Zeit

Appeasement and Rearmament

Britain, 1936-1939

Author: James P. Levy

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742545380

Category: History

Page: 189

View: 3468

Standing against conventional wisdom, historian James Levy reevaluates Britain's twin policies of appeasement and rearmament in the late 1930s. By carefully examining the political and economic environment of the times, Levy argues that Neville Chamberlain crafted an active, logical and morally defensible foreign policy designed to avoid and deter a potentially devastating war. Levy shows that through Chamberlain's experience as Chancellor of the Exchequer, he knew that Britain had not yet fully recovered from the first World War and the longer an international confrontation could be avoided, the better Britain's chances of weathering the storm. In the end, Hitler could be neither appeased nor deterred, and recognizing this, Britain and France went into war better armed and better prepared to fight.

At the Crossroads Between Peace and War

The London Naval Conference in 1930

Author: John Maurer,Christopher Bell

Publisher: Naval Institute Press

ISBN: 161251331X

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 4757

A great power arms race in naval weaponry and platforms, rising challengers seeking to overturn the existing international order in Asia, an economic slump that put immense pressure on politicians in democracies to trim defense budgets, and diplomatic efforts by statesmen to find ways to promote mutual security and avoid rivalries that could lead to war—all these features mark the current-day strategic environment. These features also marked in the era between the two world wars. To prevent the naval rivalries that augured international conflict, statesmen and naval leaders sought to negotiate arms control agreement. Their efforts to avert a great power naval arms race were crowned with achievement at the London Conference of 1930. What was accomplished at London, of course, did not prove lasting; nor did it lead to additional meaningful arms control and prevent future wars. Instead, London proved a dead end in the evolution of interwar international relations. The London Treaty marked the high point of interwar arms control. When measured against the magnitude of the international catastrophe that would unfold over the next decade, this achievement in arms control now appears practically meaningless at best and dangerous at worst. Critics of interwar arms control argue that, by weakening of American and British naval power, as well as stirring up extremist nationalism in Japanese internal politics, the London agreement represents a case study in political folly that contributed to the awful events leading to the war. The London Conference of 1930 thus represents a watershed, a turning point in the history of the interwar period. In this volume, leading naval historians tackle the question of how to assess the role played by naval arms control in the history of the interwar period. In addressing this important question, the authors uncover new evidence about the role of intelligence and behind-the-scenes political deal making that adds much to our knowledge of the international and naval history of this important era. This volume’s authors provide the first complete account of the strategic calculations and negotiations that shaped the outcome at the London Conference. No one interested in twentieth-century naval history, international relations and the rivalries of rising and declining great powers, and the origins of the Second World War can afford to miss this important new history.

Empire-building and Empire-builders

Twelve Studies

Author: Edward Ingram

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317791959

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 2310

The twelve studies of empire-building and empire-builders which make up this volume range widely across the dream world that was the British Empire from the late eighteenth century to the Second World War. The essays re-interpret the work of imperial heroes, eminent historians, and fictional heroines. They illustrate the variety of techniques used by British empire-builders and the variety of explanations they gave to account for their sometimes infamous behaviour.

Strategy and War Planning in the British Navy, 1887-1918

Author: Shawn T. Grimes

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 184383698X

Category: History

Page: 263

View: 7329

Overturns existing thinking to show that the Royal Navy engaged professionally in war planning in the years before the First World War.