The Science of Chocolate

Author: Stephen T. Beckett

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1788012356

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 284

View: 3975

The Science of Chocolate leads the reader to an understanding of the complete chocolate making process and includes the ways in which basic science plays a vital role in its manufacture, testing and consumption. Originally based upon a talk to encourage school children to study science, the book is now widely used within industry and academia. The third edition of this international best seller has been fully revised and updated. The author has now included methods of sensory evaluation, designing and modifying chocolate flavour to suit the product and the history and manufacture of some well-known confectionery products. Fat, calorie and sugar reduction are also covered including a review of patents in this area. In addition, the section on why chocolate might be good for you has been updated to include some more recent research results. Three new experiments have been added, so there are now twenty of them, which use simple materials and apparatus to demonstrate the scientific and mathematical principles found in the rest of the book. Most are easily adapted to suit different student abilities. This book will appeal to those with a fascination for chocolate and will be of specialist interest to those studying food sciences and working in the confectionery industry. Extracts from reviews of 2ndEdition: "...I found this to be an interesting read, and I think the book would be useful to graduates thinking of a career in the food industry (and not just the chocolate industry specifically), to schoolteachers looking for some interesting experiments, and to lecturers (Chemistry, Biochemistry, Botany, Food science) looking for interesting facts to enliven their lectures." Bioscience Education, Volume 12, 2008, E J Wood. "...very well written and complete book for everyone who wants to learn more about chocolate and its production process." Crystallography Reviews, Volume 15, 2009 - Issue 4, pages 275-277, Henk Schenk. "The easy reading style of the book makes it valuable not only to school and university students, but also to those who are new to working with chocolate or those needing a good summary of chocolate science." Chemistry World, for the Christmas Books

The Science of Chocolate

Author: S. T. Beckett

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0854049703

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 1333

This book takes the reader on the journey of chocolate, to discover how confectionery is made and will appeal to those with a fascination for chocolate.

The Science of Sugar Confectionery

Author: William P Edwards

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782626093

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 5809

Confectionery is a topic close to many people's hearts and its manufacture involves some interesting science. The confectionery industry is divided into three classes: chocolate, flour and sugar confectionery. It is the background science of this latter category that is covered in The Science of Sugar Confectionery. The manufacture of confectionery is not a science based industry, as these products have traditionally been created by skilled confectioners working empirically. In fact, scientific understanding of the production process has only been acquired retroactively. Historically however, sugar confectionery has had technological synergies with the pharmaceutical industry, such as making sugar tablets and applying panned sugar coatings. This book gives an introduction to the subject, with some basic definitions and commonly used ingredients and then moves on to discuss the chemistry of various types of sugar confectionery. These include "sugar glasses" (boiled sweets), "grained sugar products" (fondants), toffees and fudges, "hydrocolloids" (gums, pastilles and jellies) and concludes with a chapter dedicated to sugar-free confectionery.

Chocolate Science and Technology

Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118913760

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 7884

This second edition provides information on recent advances in the science and technology of chocolate manufacture and the entire international cocoa industry. It provides detailed review on a wide range of topics including cocoa production, cocoa and chocolate manufacturing operations, sensory perception of chocolate quality, flavour release and perception, sugar replacement and alternative sweetening solutions in chocolate production, industrial manufacture of sugar-free chocolates as well as the nutrition and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption. The topics cover modern cocoa cultivation and production practices with special attention on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations in the bean, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation and drying processes, and the biochemical basis of these operations. The scientific principles behind industrial chocolate manufacture are outlined with detailed explanations of the various stages of chocolate manufacturing including mixing, refining, conching and tempering. Other topics covered include the chemistry of flavour formation and development during cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture; volatile flavour compounds and their characteristics and identification; sensory descriptions and character; and flavour release and perception in chocolate. The nutritional and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption as well as the application of HACCP and other food safety management systems such as ISO 22,000 in the chocolate processing industry are also addressed. Additionally, detailed research on the influence of different raw materials and processing operations on the flavour and other quality characteristics of chocolates have been provided with scope for process optimization and improvement. The book is intended to be a desk reference for all those engaged in the business of making and using chocolate worldwide; confectionery and chocolate scientists in industry and academia; students and practising food scientists and technologists; nutritionists and other health professionals; and libraries of institutions where agriculture, food science and nutrition is studied and researched.

Die letzten Geheimnisse der Kochkunst

Hintergründe — Rezepte — Experimente

Author: Peter Barham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642624667

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 6874

Kennen Sie neben süß, sauer, bitter und salzig die fünfte Geschmacksrichtung? Möchten Sie verstehen, warum Ihnen Soufflées immer wieder zusammenfallen oder lernen, wie Sie einen ganzen Truthahn optimal braten? Gehören Sie zu den 40% Männern oder 25% Frauen, die Trüffel nicht riechen können? Diese und viele andere Fragen aus der Welt der Kochkunst beantwortet Peter Barham, in dem er das Kochen als experimentelle Wissenschaft betrachtet. Beim Zubereiten von Lebensmitteln und beim Kochen laufen viele Prozesse ab, die sich naturwissenschaftlich gut beschreiben lassen. Das Verständnis der Chemie und Physik des Kochens wird unausweichlich dazu führen, dass sich auch Ihre eigenen Kochkünste wesentlich verbessern. Für jedermann leicht verständlich und unterhaltsam, aber ohne wichtige Details auszulassen, erklärt Ihnen der Autor, warum bestimmte Rezepte gut funktionieren und – viel wichtiger – warum andere ständig misslingen. Auf diese Weise werden Schritt für Schritt die Geheimnisse der guten Kochkunst entschleiert und Sie lernen interessante Rezepte und die dahinter liegenden physikalischen und chemischen Prozesse kennen. Zusätzlich beschreibt der Autor interessante Küchenexperimente für die ganze Familie.

Die wahre Geschichte der Schokolade

Author: Sophie D. Coe,Michael D. Coe

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3105616144

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 682

Dieses Buch entführt uns in die uralte, wechselhafte und überaus spannende Geschichte der Schokolade, die vor dreitausend Jahren in den Hochkulturen der Maya und Azteken begann. Unser »Schokoladenriegel für zwischendurch« verrät nur noch wenig von dieser atemberaubenden und wahren Geschichte, die hier wie in einem Roman nachzulesen ist und Aufschluß gibt über Mentalitäten und Alltagsleben von den mittelamerikanischen Hochkulturen bis heute. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

The Science of Ice Cream

Author: Chris Clarke

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849731276

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 213

View: 5313

This book is ideal for undergraduate food science students as well as for people working in the ice cream industry.

Molecular Gastronomy

Exploring the Science of Flavor

Author: Hervé This

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231508077

Category: Cooking

Page: 392

View: 1008

Hervé This (pronounced "Teess") is an internationally renowned chemist, a popular French television personality, a bestselling cookbook author, a longtime collaborator with the famed French chef Pierre Gagnaire, and the only person to hold a doctorate in molecular gastronomy, a cutting-edge field he pioneered. Bringing the instruments and experimental techniques of the laboratory into the kitchen, This uses recent research in the chemistry, physics, and biology of food to challenge traditional ideas about cooking and eating. What he discovers will entertain, instruct, and intrigue cooks, gourmets, and scientists alike. Molecular Gastronomy, This's first work to appear in English, is filled with practical tips, provocative suggestions, and penetrating insights. This begins by reexamining and debunking a variety of time-honored rules and dictums about cooking and presents new and improved ways of preparing a variety of dishes from quiches and quenelles to steak and hard-boiled eggs. He goes on to discuss the physiology of flavor and explores how the brain perceives tastes, how chewing affects food, and how the tongue reacts to various stimuli. Examining the molecular properties of bread, ham, foie gras, and champagne, the book analyzes what happens as they are baked, cured, cooked, and chilled. Looking to the future, Hervé This imagines new cooking methods and proposes novel dishes. A chocolate mousse without eggs? A flourless chocolate cake baked in the microwave? Molecular Gastronomy explains how to make them. This also shows us how to cook perfect French fries, why a soufflé rises and falls, how long to cool champagne, when to season a steak, the right way to cook pasta, how the shape of a wine glass affects the taste of wine, why chocolate turns white, and how salt modifies tastes.

Sex, Drugs & Chocolate

The Science of Pleasure

Author: Paul Martin

Publisher: HarperCollins UK

ISBN: 0007127081

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 7555

This is a book about the lengths people will go to nuzzle out some pleasure--and the scientific reasons that lie behind those impulses, written in an accessible and entertaining way. Paul Martin looks at changing attitudes to pleasure over the centuries, including religious and philosophical lawgiving on the subject, before moving on to the scientific hardwiring that supports all this human frenzy. He looks too at chemical pleasures, at our attempts to bottle the pleasure-giving principle for easy access and regular self-medication--from caffeine to heroin, from tobacco to glue. Which brings us to addiction, and the darker side of pleasure's many moons--before coming back full circle to the therapeutic bliss of pleasure, its key role in an individual's health, and that least-promoted, most-undervalued but most satisfying daily pleasure of all--sweet sleep.

Chocolate in Health and Nutrition

Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1617798037

Category: Medical

Page: 553

View: 3801

Chocolate in Health and Nutrition represents the first comprehensive compilation of the newest data on the actions of the flavonoids and microorganisms associated with the beneficial effects of chocolate. This unique text provides practical, data-driven resources based upon the totality of the evidence to help the reader understand the basics, treatments and preventive strategies that are involved in the understanding of the role chocolate may play in healthy individuals as well as those with cardiovascular disease, diabetes or neurocognitive declines. Of equal importance, critical issues that involve patient concerns, such as dental caries and food preferences in children, potential effects on weight gain, addiction and withdrawal are included in well-referenced, informative chapters. The latest research on the role of chocolate in normal health areas including mood, pain and weight management, cardiovascular disease and related conditions are presented. Chocolate in Health and Nutrition provides health professionals in many areas of research and practice with the most up-to-date, well referenced and comprehensive volume on the current state of the science and medical uses of chocolate.

The Science of Cooking

Understanding the Biology and Chemistry Behind Food and Cooking

Author: Joseph J. Provost,Keri L. Colabroy,Brenda S. Kelly,Mark A. Wallert

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111921033X

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 1046

Written as a textbook with an online laboratory manual for students and adopting faculties, this work is intended for non-science majors / liberal studies science courses and will cover a range of scientific principles of food, cooking and the science of taste and smell. Chapters include: The Science of Food and Nutrition of Macromolecules; Science of Taste and Smell; Milk, Cream, and Ice Cream, Metabolism and Fermentation; Cheese, Yogurt, and Sour Cream; Browning; Fruits and Vegetables; Meat, Fish, and Eggs; Dough, Cakes, and Pastry; Chilies, Herbs, and Spices; Beer and Wine; and Chocolate, Candy and Other Treats. Each chapters begins with biological, chemical, and /or physical principles underlying food topics, and a discussion of what is happening at the molecular level. This unique approach is unique should be attractive to chemistry, biology or biochemistry departments looking for a new way to bring students into their classroom. There are no pre-requisites for the course and the work is appropriate for all college levels and majors.

Chocolate, Cocoa and Confectionery: Science and Technology

Author: Bernard Minifie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401179247

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 904

View: 3561

The second edition of this book achieved worldwide recognition within the chocolate and confectionery industry. I was pressed to prepare the third edition to include modern developments in machinery, production, and packaging. This has been a formidable task and has taken longer than anticipated. Students still require, in one book, descriptions of the fundamental principles of the industry as well as an insight into modern methods. Therefore, parts of the previous edition describing basic technology have been retained, with minor alterations where necessary. With over fifty years' experience in the industry and the past eighteen years working as an author, lecturer, and consultant, I have collected a great deal of useful information. Visits to trade exhibitions and to manufacturers of raw materials and machinery in many parts of the world have been very valuable. Much research and reading have been necessary to prepare for teaching and lecturing at various colleges, seminars, and manufacturing establishments. The third edition is still mainly concerned with science, technology, and production. It is not a book of formulations, which are readily available elsewhere. Formulations without knowledge of principles lead to many errors, and recipes are given only where examples are necessary. _ Analytical methods are described only when they are not available in textbooks, of which there are many on standard methods of food analysis. Acknowledgments I am still indebted to many of the persons mentioned under "Acknowledgments" in the second edition. I am especially grateful to the following.

Charlie und die Schokoladenfabrik

Author: Roald Dahl

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644574219

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 192

View: 5546

Willy Wonka stand ganz allein in dem großen offenen Fabriktor. Seine Augen waren ungewöhnlich lebhaft. Plötzlich machte er ein paar komische kleine Tanzschritte, breitete die Arme aus und rief: «Willkommen, meine kleinen Freunde! Willkommen in der Schokoladenfabrik!» Der geheimnisvolle Willy Wonka öffnet zum ersten Mal die Tore seiner Schokoladenfabrik. Charlie kann es kaum fassen, dass er als eines der fünf glücklichen Kinder, die eine Goldene Eintrittskarte gewonnen haben, dort hineindarf. Denn Willy Wonka macht nicht nur die köstlichste Schokolade – er ist der beste Süßigkeitenerfinder aller Zeiten! Aber Charlie hätte nie gedacht, welche verrückten Abenteuer ihn in Wonkas Schokoladenfabrik wirklich erwarten würden ...

Do Chocolate Lovers Have Sweeter Babies?

The Surprising Science of Pregnancy

Author: Jena Pincott

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 143918335X

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 288

View: 2884

Brain Candy for expectant parents! Pregnancy is an adventure. Lots of books tell you the basics—“the baby is the size of [insert fruit here].” But pregnant science writer Jena Pincott began to wonder just how a baby might tinker with her body—and vice versa—and chased down answers to the questions she wouldn’t ask her doctor, such as: • Does stress sharpen your baby’s mind—or dull it? • Can you predict your baby’s temperament? • Why are babies born in the darker months of the year more likely to grow up to be novelty-loving risk takers? • Are bossy, dominant women more likely to have boys? • How can the cells left behind by your baby affect you years later? This is a different kind of pregnancy book—thoughtful, fun, and filled with information you won’t find anywhere else.

The Science of Cooking

Author: Peter Barham

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540674665

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 244

View: 9571

A kitchen is no different from most science laboratories and cookery may properly be regarded as an experimental science. Food preparation and cookery involve many processes which are well described by the physical sciences. Understanding the chemistry and physics of cooking should lead to improvements in performance in the kitchen. For those of us who wish to know why certain recipes work and perhaps more importantly why others fail, appreciating the underlying physical processes will inevitably help in unravelling the mysteries of the "art" of good cooking. Strong praise from the reviewers - "Will be stimulating for amateur cooks with an interest in following recipes and understanding how they work. They will find anecdotes and, sprinkled throughout the book, scientific points of information... The book is a pleasant read and is an invitation to become better acquainted with the science of cooking." - NATURE "This year, at last, we have a book which shows how a practical understanding of physics and chemistry can improve culinary performance... [Barham] first explains, in a lucid non-textbooky way, the principles behind taste, flavour and the main methods of food preparation, and then gives fool-proof basic recipes for dishes from roast leg of lab to chocolate soufflé." - FINANCIAL TIMES WEEKEND "This book is full of interesting and relevant facts that clarify the techniques of cooking that lead to the texture, taste and aroma of good cuisine. As a physicist the author introduces the importance of models in preparing food, and their modification as a result of testing (tasting)."- THE PHYSICIST "Focuses quite specifically on the physics and food chemistry of practical domestic cooking in terms of real recipes... Each chapter starts with an overview of the scientific issues relevant to that food group, e.g. toughness of meat, thickening of sauces, collapse of sponge cakes and soufflés. This is followed by actual recipes, with the purpose behind each ingredient and technique explained, and each recipe followed by a table describing some common problems, causes and solutions. Each chapter then ends with suggested experiments to illustrate some of the scientific principles exploited in the chapter." - FOOD & DRINK NEWSLETTER

Lebensmittelphysik

Physikalische Kenngrößen - Messung und Anwendung

Author: L.O. Figura

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540349901

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

View: 6331

Die Lebensmittelphysik befasst sich mit den physikalischen Eigenschaften der Lebensmittel und deren Erfassung. Die physikalischen Eigenschaften von Lebensmitteln spielen überall dort eine wesentliche Rolle, wo moderne lebensmitteltechnologische Verfahren für die Gewinnung der Rohstoffe oder die Herstellung eines Lebensmittels angewandt werden. Die Bestimmung physikalischer Größen von Lebensmitteln und Bedarfsgegenständen sind aus der Planung, Steuerung und Automatisierung der Herstellungsprozesse in der Lebensmittel-, Pharma- und Kosmetikindustrie und angrenzenden Bereichen nicht mehr wegzudenken. Neben der chemischen Qualitätskontrolle spielt die Bestimmung physikalischer Eigenschaften darüber hinaus eine wichtige Rolle bei der Bestimmung und Sicherung der Qualität unserer Lebensmittel. Der Konsument fordert zunehmend "weniger Chemie" in der Lebensmittelproduktion und große Bereiche der Lebensmittelindustrie werden diesen Wünschen in steigendem Maße entgegenkommen müssen, indem sie moderne physikalische Verfahren in der Produktion einsetzen. Auch hierfür ist ein grundlegendes Verständnis der physikalischen Eigenschaften von Lebensmitteln und den Möglichkeiten und Grenzen ihrer messtechnischen Erfassung eine unabdingbare Voraussetzung. Dieses Buch beschreibt die Lebensmittelphysik von Grund auf und orientiert sich hierbei ausschließlich an den Erfordernissen der Lebensmittelpraxis, ohne auf die wichtigen Grundlagen zu verzichten. Das Buch ist daher für Studenten der Lebensmittelchemie und -technologie an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen eine wichtige Quelle für die zukünftige Ausbildung. Auch Ingenieure, Technologen und Techniker in der Lebensmittelindustrie werden dieses Buch benutzen, um ihre Kenntnisse zu vertiefen oder grundlegendes Verständnis für neue physikalische Verfahren zu erwerben.

Allgemeine Botanik für Dummies

Author: Rene Fester Kratz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527668098

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 3305

Von der Wurzel bis zum Blatt – alles, was die Botanik zu bieten hat Ohne Pflanzen wäre das Leben des Menschen auf der Erde undenkbar – sie dienen als Nahrung, Sauerstoffund Energielieferant, Baustoff und Heilmittel. Dieses Buch gibt Ihnen einen umfassenden und leicht verständ - lichen Überblick über die Botanik, von den zellbiologischen Grundlagen über die verschiedenen Pflanzen - gewebe und -strukturen bis hin zu Physiologie, Genetik, Systematik und Ökologie. Themen wie Biodiversität, Biotechnologie und die Bedeutung von Pflanzen für den Menschen runden das Buch ab. So ist Allgemeine Botanik für Dummies das Richtige für Sie – egal ob Sie studieren oder sich einfach für Botanik interessieren.

The science of health

Author: Stephen Henry Ward

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medicine, Popular

Page: 412

View: 8602