The Search for the Perfect Language

Author: Umberto Eco

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631205104

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 6108

The idea that there once existed a language which perfectly and unambiguously expressed the essence of all possible things and concepts has occupied the minds of philosophers, theologians, mystics and others for at least two millennia. This is an investigation into the history of that idea and of its profound influence on European thought, culture and history. From the early Dark Ages to the Renaissance it was widely believed that the language spoken in the Garden of Eden was just such a language, and that all current languages were its decadent descendants from the catastrophe of the Fall and at Babel. The recovery of that language would, for theologians, express the nature of divinity, for cabbalists allow access to hidden knowledge and power, and for philosophers reveal the nature of truth. Versions of these ideas remained current in the Enlightenment, and have recently received fresh impetus in attempts to create a natural language for artificial intelligence. The story that Umberto Eco tells ranges widely from the writings of Augustine, Dante, Descartes and Rousseau, arcane treatises on cabbalism and magic, to the history of the study of language and its origins. He demonstrates the initimate relation between language and identity and describes, for example, how and why the Irish, English, Germans and Swedes - one of whom presented God talking in Swedish to Adam, who replied in Danish, while the serpent tempted Eve in French - have variously claimed their language as closest to the original. He also shows how the late eighteenth-century discovery of a proto-language (Indo-European) for the Aryan peoples was perverted to support notions of racial superiority. To this subtle exposition of a history of extraordinary complexity, Umberto Eco links the associated history of the manner in which the sounds of language and concepts have been written and symbolized. Lucidly and wittily written, the book is, in sum, a tour de force of scholarly detection and cultural interpretation, providing a series of original perspectives on two thousand years of European History. The paperback edition of this book is not available through Blackwell outside of North America.

Die Suche nach der vollkommenen Sprache

Author: Umberto Eco

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406378881

Category: Language and culture

Page: 388

View: 2770

"Gab es eine Ursprache aller Menschen, die sich erst später, wie im Bericht von der babylonischen Sprachverwirrung erzählt, in viele Sprachen aufspaltete? Zu allen Zeiten träumte die Menschheit den Traum von der Wiedergewinnung der vollkommenen Sprache, und Umberto Eco zeichnet die Geschichte dieses Traumes nach. Von der ekstatischen Kabbala über die universelle Grammatik bei Dante, von den Geheimsprachen der Rosenkreuzer bis zu den Welthilfssprachen wie Esperanto führt die Suche durch ein jahrtausendealtes Labyrinth der Zeichen und Zeichensysteme, in dem Ungeheures auf Absurdes, Bizarres auf Geniales folgt." / Produktbeschreibung

Renaissance Truths

Humanism, Scholasticism and the Search for the Perfect Language

Author: Alan R. Perreiah

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317066367

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 3975

Though they have long been portrayed as arch rivals, Alan Perreiah here argues that humanists and scholastics were in fact working in complementary ways toward some of the same goals. After locating the two traditions within the early modern search for the perfect language, this study re-defines the lines of disagreement between them. For humanists the perfect language was a revived Classical Latin. For scholastics it was a practical logic adapted to the needs of education. Succeeding chapters examine the concepts of linguistic meaning and truth in Lorenzo Valla’s Dialectical Disputations and Juan Luis Vives’ De disciplinis. The third chapter offers a new interpretation of Vives’ Adversus pseudodialecticos as itself an exercise in scholastic sophistry. Against this humanistic background, the study takes up the concepts of meaning and truth in Paul of Venice’s Logica parva, a popular scholastic textbook in the Quattrocento. To advance recent research on language pedagogy in the Renaissance, it clarifies the connections between truth and translation and shows how scholastic logic performed an essential task in the early modern university: it was a translational language that enabled students who spoke mainly their regional vernaculars to learn the language of university discourse. A conclusion reviews some major themes of the study-e.g., linguistic determinism and relativity, vernacularity and translation, semantical vs. epistemic truth-and evaluates the achievements of humanism and scholasticism according to appropriate criteria for a perfect language.

Die unendliche Liste

Author: Umberto Eco

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423346849

Category:

Page: 407

View: 8589

Dann schlaf auch du

Roman

Author: Leïla Slimani

Publisher: Luchterhand Literaturverlag

ISBN: 3641212901

Category: Fiction

Page: 224

View: 8753

Der Preis des Glücks Sie wollen das perfekte Paar sein, Kinder und Beruf unter einen Hut bringen, alles irgendwie richtig machen. Und sie finden die ideale Nanny, die ihnen das alles erst möglich macht. Doch wie gut kann man einen fremden Menschen kennen? Und wie sehr kann man ihm vertrauen? Sie haben Glück gehabt, denken sich Myriam und Paul, als sie Louise einstellen - eine Nanny wie aus dem Bilderbuch, die auf ihre beiden kleinen Kinder aufpasst, in der schönen Pariser Altbauwohnung im 10. Arrondissement. Wie mit unsichtbaren Fäden hält Louise die Familie zusammen, ebenso unbemerkt wie mächtig. In wenigen Wochen schon ist sie unentbehrlich geworden. Myriam und Paul ahnen nichts von den Abgründen und von der Verletzlichkeit der Frau, der sie das Kostbarste anvertrauen, das sie besitzen. Von der tiefen Einsamkeit, in der sich die fünfzigjährige Frau zu verlieren droht. Bis eines Tages die Tragödie über die kleine Familie hereinbricht. Ebenso unaufhaltsam wie schrecklich.

Die kalte Schulter und der warme Händedruck

Ganz natürliche Erklärungen für die geheime Sprache unserer Körper

Author: Allan & Barbara Pease

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843714908

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 368

View: 9480

Was verraten meine Gesten über mich? Wie kann ich die körperlichen Signale anderer deuten? Warum kommunizieren Männer und Frauen auch nonverbal vollkommen verschieden? Diesen Fragen gehen Allan & Barbara Pease auf den Grund. Dabei beobachten sie nicht nur ganz alltägliche Phänomene der Körpersprache, sondern präsentieren auch Beispiele aus ihren Seminaren. Ein Muss für jeden Pease-Fan.

Limits Of Mathematical Modeling In The Social Sciences, The: The Significance Of Godel's Incompleteness Phenomenon

Author: Doria Francisco Antonio

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1786343177

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 3640

Current mathematical models are notoriously unreliable in describing the time evolution of unexpected social phenomena, from financial crashes to revolution. Can such events be forecast? Can we compute probabilities about them? Can we model them? This book investigates and attempts to answer these questions through Gödel's two incompleteness theorems, and in doing so demonstrates how influential Gödel is in modern logical and mathematical thinking. Many mathematical models are applied to economics and social theory, while Gödel's theorems are able to predict their limitations for more accurate analysis and understanding of national and international events. This unique discussion is written for graduate level mathematicians applying their research to the social sciences, including economics, social studies and philosophy, and also for formal logicians and philosophers of science.

Damned for Their Difference

The Cultural Construction of Deaf People as "disabled" : a Sociological History

Author: Jan Branson,Don Miller

Publisher: Gallaudet University Press

ISBN: 9781563681189

Category: Education

Page: 300

View: 3004

The author explores the variety of cultural settings that have sought to classify deaf people throughout history, from eighteenth-century rationalism to the frightening eugenics policies of the early nineteenth century.

Frag immer erst: warum

Wie Top-Firmen und Führungskräfte zum Erfolg inspirieren

Author: Simon Sinek

Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft

ISBN: 3864146518

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 3232

Am Beginn einer jeden Erfolgsgeschichte steht eine einfache Frage: Warum? Warum sind manche Organisationen profitabler als andere? Warum werden einige Führungskräfte von ihren Mitarbeitern mehr geschätzt und andere weniger? Warum sind manche Menschen in der Lage, immer und immer wieder erfolgreich zu sein? In seinem Bestseller, der nun zum ersten Mal in deutscher Sprache erscheint, zeigt Simon Sinek, dass erfolgreiche Persönlichkeiten wie Martin Luther King Jr. oder Steve Jobs alle nach demselben, natürlichen Muster dachten, handelten und kommunizierten. Am Anfang ihres Wirkens stand immer die Frage nach dem Warum. Mit diesem Ansatz schafften sie es, bedeutende Dinge zu vollbringen und darüber hinaus ihre Mitstreiter zu inspirieren. Sich an diesen Vorbildern orientierend, gibt Sinek in seinem Ratgeber nun Führungskräften, Unternehmen, aber auch Privatpersonen einen Leitfaden an die Hand, der zum endgültigen Erfolg verhilft. Dabei erklärt er das so erfolgreiche Muster, welches dem goldenen Schnitt ähnlich ist, und auf den drei elementaren Fragen basiert: Warum? Wie? Was? Dadurch eröffnen sich dem Leser völlig neue Möglichkeiten und er wird lernen, dass die Motivierung von Mitarbeitern viel zielführender ist als ihre Manipulation! Und dies geht ganz einfach: einfach »Warum?« fragen.

Nullnummer

Roman

Author: Umberto Eco

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446250018

Category: Fiction

Page: 240

View: 1554

Mailand, 6. Juni 1992, nachts. Bei dem Journalisten Colonna ist eingebrochen worden. Die Diskette mit brisanten Informationen hat man nicht gefunden, Colonna sieht jetzt sein eigenes Leben bedroht. Auch er spielt ein Doppelspiel: Er soll eine Zeitung lancieren, die mit schmutzigen Gerüchten über die gute Gesellschaft arbeitet. Zugleich schreibt er als Ghostwriter ein Enthüllungsbuch über den programmierten Skandal. Umberto Eco entwickelt eine rasante Kriminalgeschichte zwischen Wirtschaft, Politik und Presse. Und einen ironischen, provozierenden Roman über das 21. Jahrhundert: Je absurder die Nachrichten, desto deutlicher erkennt man die Gesellschaft von heute.

Miracle Morning

Die Stunde, die alles verändert. Steh auf und nimm dein Leben in die Hand

Author: Hal Elrod

Publisher: Irisiana

ISBN: 3641194113

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 192

View: 1888

Das einzigartige Selbsthilfeprogramm für mehr Glück, Zufriedenheit und Erfolg Dieses Buch ist auf den ersten Blick eine Zumutung, vor allem für die Nachteulen unter uns. Trotzdem stehen inzwischen zehntausende Menschen für Miracle Morning gerne morgens früh auf. Denn Hal Elrod hat damit ein genial einfaches Morgenprogramm entwickelt, dass nicht nur sein eigenes Leben um 100 Prozent verbessert hat, sondern auch das seiner vielen Fans und Leser. Wer Miracle Morning praktiziert, wird endlich der Mensch werden, der er immer sein wollte – und zwar in allen Lebensbereichen. Was man dafür tun muss? Jeden Morgen vor 8 Uhr eine Stunde lang nur sich selbst widmen. Diese Zeit verbringt man mit Meditation, Affirmationen, Visualisierungen, Sport, Lesen und Tagebuchschreiben. Wenn sich der neue Ablauf als Gewohnheit etabliert hat, startet man voller positiver Energie in den Tag. Für ein gesünderes, glücklicheres und zufriedeneres Leben!

Biographies and Autobiographies in Modern Italy

A Festschrift for John Woodhouse

Author: Peter Hainsworth,Martin L. McLaughlin

Publisher: MHRA

ISBN: 1905981074

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 215

View: 8676

Critical interest in biography and autobiography has never been higher. However, while life-writing flourishes in the UK, in Italy it is a less prominent genre. The twelve essays collected here are written against this backdrop, and address issues in biographical and autobiographical writing in Italy from the later nineteenth century to the present, with a particular emphasis on the interplay between individual lives and life-writing and the wider social and political history of Italy. The majority of essays focus on well-known writers (D'Annunzio, Svevo, Bontempelli, Montale, Levi, Calvino, Eco and Fallaci), and their varying anxieties about autobiographical writing in their work. This picture is rounded out by a series of studies of similar themes in lesser known figures: the critic Enrico Nencioni, the Welsh-Italian painter Llewellyn Lloyd and Italian writers and journalists covering the Spanish Civil War. The contributors, all specialists in their fields, are Antonella Braida, Charles Burdett, Jane Everson, John Gatt Rutter, Robert Gordon, Gwyn Griffith, Peter Hainsworth, Martin McLaughlin, Gianni Oliva, Giuliana Pieri, and Jon Usher. The volume is dedicated to John Woodhouse, on his seventieth birthday, and concludes with a bibliography of his writings.

In the Land of Invented Languages

Esperanto Rock Stars, Klingon Poets, Loglan Lovers, and the Mad Dreamers Who Tried to Build A Perfect Language

Author: Arika Okrent

Publisher: Spiegel & Grau

ISBN: 9780385529716

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 8609

Here is the captivating story of humankind’s enduring quest to build a better language—and overcome the curse of Babel. Just about everyone has heard of Esperanto, which was nothing less than one man’s attempt to bring about world peace by means of linguistic solidarity. And every Star Trek fan knows about Klingon. But few people have heard of Babm, Blissymbolics, Loglan (not to be confused with Lojban), and the nearly nine hundred other invented languages that represent the hard work, high hopes, and full-blown delusions of so many misguided souls over the centuries. With intelligence and humor, Arika Okrent has written a truly original and enlightening book for all word freaks, grammar geeks, and plain old language lovers.

Umberto Eco and the Open Text

Semiotics, Fiction, Popular Culture

Author: Peter Bondanella

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521020879

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 218

View: 1060

Umberto Eco is Italy's most famous living intellectual, known among academics for his literary and cultural theories, and to an enormous international audience through his novels, The Name of the Rose, Foucault's Pendulum and The Island of the Day Before. Umberto Eco and the Open Text is the first comprehensive study in English of Eco's work. In clear and accessible language, Peter Bondanella considers not only Eco's most famous texts, but also many occasional essays not yet translated into English. Tracing Eco's intellectual development from early studies in medieval aesthetics to seminal works on popular culture, postmodern fiction, and semiotic theory, he shows how Eco's own fiction grows out of his literary and cultural theories. Bondanella cites all texts in English, and provides a full bibliography of works by and about Eco.

Contemporary Literary Criticism

Author: Jeffery Hunter

Publisher: Gale / Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9780787646318

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 480

View: 991

Covers authors who are currently active or who died after December 31, 1959. Profiles novelists, poets, playwrights and other creative and nonfiction writers by providing criticism taken from books, magazines, literary reviews, newspapers and scholarly journals.

Judaism and Enlightenment

Author: Adam Sutcliffe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521672320

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 8133

Investigates the philosophical and political significance of Judaism in seventeenth and eighteenth century Europe.

Wise King, Royal Fool

Semiotics, Satire and Proverbs 1-9

Author: Johnny E. Miles

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780567080936

Category: Religion

Page: 122

View: 2035

This study focuses on a reading of Proverbs 1-9 as satire and argues that it alludes to two points of critique against Solomon: his political policy of socio-economic injustice and his numerous sexual (in)discretions. That Solomon abandoned his divinely proscribed duty only evinces his lack of "fear of Yahweh". First, Solomon demonstrates his lack of discernment by an inability to rule with righteousness, justice and equity because of administrative policies that bled the innocent dry of their resources for his own self-aggrandizement. Second, Solomon's sexual behavior reflects his need of Wisdom as the personification of eroticism. The absence of the "fear of Yahweh" in Solomon prompts the poet's reproof in Proverbs 1-9 that he should resume his proper role of Torah meditation. How the "son" responds to the decision posed to him remains decidedly open-ended, since satire generally offers no denouement to its plot. Nevertheless, the signs of this satiric poetry intimate the wise king as a royal fool.