The Sports Franchise Game

Cities in Pursuit of Sports Franchises, Events, Stadiums, and Arenas

Author: Kenneth L. Shropshire

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 081220915X

Category: Political Science

Page: 120

View: 1219

Power, prestige, and millions of dollars—these are the stakes in the sports franchise game. In this book, sports attorney Kenneth Shropshire describes the franchise warfare that pits city against city in the fierce bidding competition to capture major league teams. Rigorous research, fascinating interviews with major players, stories behind the headlines, and an insider's perspective converge in this rare view of the business side of professional sports. Shropshire portrays a complex web of motivations, negotiations, and public relations, and discusses examples from Philadelphia, the Bay Area, and Washington D.C.

Public/private Partnerships for Major League Sports Facilities

Author: Judith Grant Long

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415806933

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 222

View: 455

This volume takes readers inside the high-stakes game of public-private partnerships for major league sports facilities, explaining why some cities made better deals than others, assessing the best practices and common pitfalls in deal structuring and facility leases, as well as highlighting important differences across markets, leagues, facility types, public actors, subsidy delivery mechanisms, and urban development aspirations. It concludes with speculations about the next round of facility replacement amidst rapid changes in broadcast technology, shrinking domestic audiences, and the globalization of sport.

Major League Baseball Expansions and Relocations

A History, 1876–2008

Author: Frank P. Jozsa, Jr.

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786457236

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 218

View: 6357

This study considers the importance of location for new and relocated major league franchises in the more than 130 years since the National League was founded. Included are an analysis of market differences and similarities, team performances and demographics and area economic comparisons. Market data are used to predict future expansions and relocations of major league teams.

Baseball, Inc.

The National Pastime as Big Business

Author: Frank P. Jozsa, Jr.

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786425342

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 292

View: 9824

During the second half of the twentieth century, Major League Baseball and its affiliated minor leagues evolved from local and regional entities governing the play of America's favorite pastime to national business organizations. The relocation of teams, league expansion, the advent of free agency and an influx of international players has made baseball big business, on an increasingly global scale. Focusing on the last fifty years, this work examines the past and present commercial elements of organized baseball, emphasizing the dual roles--competitive sport and profitable business--which the sport must now fulfill. Twenty-five essays cover five areas integral to the economic side of baseball: business and finance, human resources, international relations, management and leadership and sports marketing. Detailed discussions of the redistribution of revenues, the history of player unionization, aggressive global marketing, strategies of franchise owners and an evaluation of fan costs, among other topics introduce the reader to the important issues and specific challenges professional baseball faces in an increasingly crowded--yet geographically expansive--sports marketplace. The work is also indexed.

Sport in the City

The Role of Sport in Economic and Social Regeneration

Author: Chris Gratton,Ian Henry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134544421

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 5106

Cities now seek to attract major sporting events and activities to re-image themselves, and frequently invest in community sports development to fund economic growth and regeneration. Including a range of case-studies from global (the Sydney Olympics) to local (urban school sports), this book looks closely at how sport has been used in contemporary cities across the world, and evaluates policies, strategies and managment. Five key areas are examined: * sport and urban economic regeneration * sports events: bidding * planning and organization * Urban Sports tourism * Sport and urban community development * Urban politics and sports policy. Sport in the City therefore represents an essential resource for urban policy makers and the sports policy community. It will be invaluable reading for sports studies students and urban geographers.

Brand NFL

Making and Selling America's Favorite Sport

Author: Michael Oriard

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807885649

Category: History

Page: 337

View: 6597

Professional football today is a $6 billion sports entertainment industry. In this astute field-level view of the National Football League since 1960, Michael Oriard looks closely at the development of the sport and at the image of the NFL and its unique place in American life. At the heart of this story is a question with no simple answer: has the extraordinary commercializing and "branding" of NFL football since the late 1980s ironically weakened the cultural power of a sport whose appeal for more than a century was fundamentally noncommercial?

Being Sugar Ray

Sugar Ray Robinson, America's Greatest Boxer and First Celebrity Athlete

Author: Kenneth Shropshire

Publisher: Civitas Books

ISBN: 0786732458

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 272

View: 5936

Muhammad Ali memorably referred to Sugar Ray Robinson as “the king, the master, my idol,” and rarely a fight fan has chosen to argue too much with those words. With a career spanning three decades, multiple championships, over two hundred fights (without once taking a 10-count), and more victories than Joe Louis and Ali combined it was no surprise when RING magazine named Robinson “pound for pound, the best boxer of all time.” In Being Sugar Ray, acclaimed scholar Kenneth Shropshire contends that Sugar Ray Robinson's influence extends far beyond the ring. It was Robinson who introduced America to the athlete as entrepreneur and celebrity. From his business empire to his prized flamingo pink Cadillac, described as the Hope Diamond of Harlem, Sugar Ray was the trailblazer whom every athlete since has been trying, consciously or otherwise, to emulate.

Sports, Jobs, and Taxes

The Economic Impact of Sports Teams and Stadiums

Author: Roger G. Noll,Andrew Zimbalist

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815720409

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 525

View: 6348

America is in the midst of a sports building boom. Professional sports teams are demanding and receiving fancy new playing facilities that are heavily subsidized by government. In many cases, the rationale given for these subsidies is that attracting or retaining a professional sports franchise—even a minor league baseball team or a major league pre-season training facility--more than pays for itself in increased tax revenues, local economic development, and job creation. But are these claims true? To assess the case for subsidies, this book examines the economic impact of new stadiums and the presence of a sports franchise on the local economy. It first explores such general issues as the appropriate method for measuring economic benefits and costs, the source of the bargaining power of teams in obtaining subsidies from local government, the local politics of attracting and retaining teams, the relationship between sports and local employment, and the importance of stadium design in influencing the economic impact of a facility. The second part of the book contains case studies of major league sports facilities in Baltimore, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Indianapolis, San Francisco, and the Twin Cities, and of minor league stadiums and spring training facilities in baseball. The primary conclusions are: first, sports teams and facilities are not a source of local economic growth and employment; second, the magnitude of the net subsidy exceeds the financial benefit of a new stadium to a team; and, third, the most plausible reasons that cities are willing to subsidize sports teams are the intense popularity of sports among a substantial proportion of voters and businesses and the leverage that teams enjoy from the monopoly position of professional sports leagues.

Sports, jobs, and taxes

the economic impact of sports teams and stadiums

Author: Roger G. Noll

Publisher: Brookings Inst Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 525

View: 3629

America is in the midst of a sports building boom. Professional sports teams are demanding and receiving fancy new playing facilities that are heavily subsidized by government. In many cases, the rationale given for these subsidies is that attracting or retaining a professional sports franchise--even a minor league baseball team or a major league pre-season training facility--more than pays for itself in increased tax revenues, local economic development, and job creation.But are these claims true? To assess the case for subsidies, this book examines the economic impact of new stadiums and the presence of a sports franchise on the local economy. It first explores such general issues as the appropriate method for measuring economic benefits and costs, the source of the bargaining power of teams in obtaining subsidies from local government, the local politics of attracting and retaining teams, the relationship between sports and local employment, and the importance of stadium design in influencing the economic impact of a facility.The second part of the book contains case studies of major league sports facilities in Baltimore, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Indianapolis, San Francisco, and the Twin Cities, and of minor league stadiums and spring training facilities in baseball. The primary conclusions are: first, sports teams and facilities are not a source of local economic growth and employment; second, the magnitude of the net subsidy exceeds the financial benefit of a new stadium to a team; and, third, the most plausible reasons that cities are willing to subsidize sports teams are the intense popularity of sports among a substantial proportion of voters and businesses and the leverage that teams enjoy from the monopoly position of professional sports leagues.

Field of Schemes

How the Great Stadium Swindle Turns Public Money into Private Profit, Revised and Expanded Edition

Author: Neil deMause,Joanna Cagan

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803285485

Category: Architecture

Page: 424

View: 6377

Baseball in Crisis

Spiraling Costs, Bad Behavior, Uncertain Future

Author: Frank P. Jozsa

Publisher: McFarland & Company Incorporated Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 206

View: 3553

Why has the national pastime fallen behind other so-called major sports? Is the trend reversible? This book addresses these important questions by identifying the most unique, persistent and substantial issues that have impaired and most likely restricted Major League Baseballs development and potential as a professional sport.

Sports and the Law

1995 Case Supplement

Author: Paul C. Weiler,Gary R Roberts

Publisher: West Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780314071019

Category: Law

Page: 371

View: 817

Public Dollars, Private Stadiums

The Battle Over Building Sports Stadiums

Author: Kevin J. Delaney,Rick Eckstein

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813533438

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 230

View: 9822

The authors provide an eye-opening account of recent battles over publicly financed stadiums in some of America's largest cities. Their interviews with the key decision makers present a behind-the-scenes look at how and why powerful individuals and organizations foist these sports palaces on increasingly unreceptive communities. Delaney and Eckstein show that in the face of studies demonstrating that new sports facilities don't live up to their promise of big money, proponents are using a new tactic to win public subsidies¾intangible “social” rewards, such as prestige and community cohesion. The authors find these to be empty promises as well, demonstrating that new stadiums may exacerbate, rather than erase, social problems in cities.

Policy Studies Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Policy sciences

Page: N.A

View: 9661

Some vols. include special issues.

Sports Law

Cases, Documents, and Materials

Author: Walter T. Champion

Publisher: Aspen Law & Business

ISBN: 9780735536593

Category: Law

Page: 693

View: 8359

Finally -- a true survey of Sports Law! This exciting new text covers all the issues, all the parties, all the law, and all the practical skills needed to develop a solid understanding of this burgeoning area. Sports Law is a user-friendly, practice-oriented text that will make your course as lively as the field it covers. The author skillfully blends topics and materials to offer an integrated approach to the subject: the text incorporates the breadth of issues relating to Sports Law -- such as contracts, torts, agents, eligibility, women and sports, antitrust, labor law, international law, discipline, the NCAA, intellectual property, and criminal law without belaboring the less practical topics explanatory materials introduce each of the major cases, such as Philadelphia Ball Club v. Lajoie, Zinn v. Parrish, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Commission v. National Football League, National Collegiate Athletic Association v. Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma, NCAA v. Tarkanian, and Martin v. PGA Tour, Inc. sample documents -- including NCAA regulations, collective bargaining agreements, waivers, contracts, and statutes -- are presented as part of the text so students can view them in context Questions and Discussion sections tie together the material and help motivate students to analyze it Instructors can turn to Sports Law: Cases, Documents, and Materials with confidence because: the book is equally useful in both law school and graduate-level courses a comprehensive Teacher's Manual includes suggestions for lectures, sample questions, projects, draft lectures, and sample exams Professor Champion is an exceptionally gifted and popular teacher who also has written two highly successful books on Sports Law and more than 500 articles on the topic, guest-hosted a popular radio program on related issues, served as an agent, and ws a general manager of a minor league professional basketball team